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The Charleston daily news. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, April 01, 1871, Image 1

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A Strong Protest Against Illegal Debt
. and KxccMlve Taxation-Speeches by
Colonel Lathen -and Ute Hon. George
A. Trenbolmr
A meeting of the Charleston Board of Trade
waa held last night, at the Board of Trade
Doom?.- The meeting was one of the largest
eyer known since the organization of the
Board, the members who were present repre?
senting the varied commercial interests, of
the State, as well as the different shades of
political opinion.
"The meeting was called to order by the
chairman, Vice-President Geo. H. Walter, who
spots as follows :
Geratenen cf the Board of Trade-The pnr
pos e of your meeting ]s to take into considera
tlon the present financial condition of toe
State, and by deliberation to ' devise such
i measures as will enable ns, by co-operation
* with our fe!low-citizens throughout this Com?
monwealth, to relieve ourselves of the Intoler?
able burdens which now oppress us In
the present, and with an ominous prospect o?
their being increased In the future, unless
prompt and decisive action at once be taken.
Itu only neoeBaary to look at the alarming
Increase ol the debt of the State, and the reck?
less expenditure which has marked the his?
tory of the State for the past five years, to
satisfy us at once, that, as taxpayers, we are
bearing a burden too grievous to be borne?
mai which must inevitably result in bank?
ruptcy and ruin. It means confiscation, and
there are those who do not hesitate to-an?
nounce that such ls the purpose. We are to
be taxed out of our property.
I anAnwllllng, with others, to submit to
this condition of affairs, without an effort to
remedy the ev'J.
In lSCST with the taxable property of the
Stets valued in round numbers at five hundred
millions, the people of South Carolina support?
ed an economical and honest government at a
cost of about four hundred thousand dollars,
while the debt of the State was about five mil
Sons. To-day we are taxed upon a property
\&ch at an' over-estimated assessment ls less
than one hundred and ninety millions, and are
told that we will be called upon to raise four
millions of dollars to pay tbs Interest on a debt
ol fifteen million, and the so-called expenses of
the State. Thus, while the taxable property
has decreased In value about sixty-two per
cent, our taxes have been Increased ten-fold
and the debt of the State three-fold in the
same period. It is doe to ourselves to protest
against the continuation of this iniquity, and in
unmistakable language to state that we will np
longer, tolerate lt. With this great fraud
perpetrated In the past, it is now pro?
posed te or?ate a new loan to be known as
the "Sterling debt.".. H. ia only another "turn
of the screw," which ls already destroying us.
and lt ls our duty to ourselves, as well as "good
faith" with the present honest creditors of tbe
State, publicly rad clearly to affirm to them,
and to warn the capitalists who ma; be dis?
posed to matte such a loan, that we regard Its
creation -as illegal, and that we win resist its
payment by all legitimate means. I trust your
deliberations wBl be marked with harmony
and unanimity, and result in promoting the
beat'interest of this Commonwealth.
The meeting ls ready for business.
The applause having subsided,. Colonel Rich?
ard Lathers, of this olty, for many years'the
president of the Great Western Marine Insur?
ance Company, of New York, arose and sub?
mitted the following resolutions :
. i . .
Where.08, Under the operation, of the present
State Government, tee-majority of the prop?
erty-holders and taxpayers of the State, from
whom the public revenue ls mainly derived,
are excluded from any power in the legislation :
o*'the State, and from any practical influence
In the imposition of taxes;
And, whereas, The moneys raised by taxa- <
tien are improvidently and corruptly used and
expended by persons who..hold office ' under
the State government, and the sums appro?
priated ter alleged public uses are excessive,
and. extravagant; ? ..
And, whereas, The credit of th? State has
been pledged Illegally, and it Ls now proposed
Hr pledge the credit of the State for further
loans, by. & new issue of bonds, which may
be, negotiated in the market LO persqns who
friary .take, Iheju^Tn ignorance 'of* th etdrcum
6tances under which -they are Issued". There?
fore, . :*
1. Resolved, That we, the property-holders
?nd taxpayers of the-State, residing te the
City of Charleston, do hereby' deem lt our
duty to declare that the bonds heretofore
ttsued without legal sanction; and the so
called sterling loan, or any other hoads or
obligations hereafter issued purporting to be '?
under, and by virtue of, the authority
of this State, will not be held binding
on us, and that we shall, in every man?
ner -and at all times, resist the payment
thereof, or the enforcement ol' any tax to pay
tte same, by all legitimate means within our
'2. Resolved, That we deem it our duty to
warn all persons uot to receive, by way of
purchase, loan or otherwise, any bond or obli?
gation hereat ter issued, purporting to bind
tile property or'pledge the credit of the State;
and that all such bonds or obligations will be
held by us' to be null and void, as having been
issued corruptly, improvidently, and for fraud?
aient purposes, and In derogation ot the
rights ot that portion of the people of this
Stete upon whom the public burdens are
made to rest.
;3. Resolved, That the taxpayers of the State
axe hereby requested to meet in their respec?
tive counties for the consideration of this sub?
ject, and the enormous tax le vies ?'. the cur?
rent year, and for tbe appointment of two del
agates to, represent each county In a State
Convention, to- be held in Columbia on the
secdnd'Tr/?spAT" in Hay next,'l?r ttw satne
4. Resolved, That this State Convention of
Taxpayers be requested to confe* ./1th his Ex?
cellency, the Governor, on the dangerous flBoal
condition of the State and request, his official
aid; and co-operation In the investigation of the
accounts of the Comptroller and the State Agent
ld New York,so that the amount and charac?
ter of the bonded debt and all other liabilities
of the State, can be clearly stated, with, a view
t? such further action as may be necessary-fdr
the protection ot the public creditors and of
lhe taxpayers ol the Commonwealth,
Colonel Lathers thegi addressed the meetl
aa follows :
Mr. President-the grave subject we s
called on to consider to-night, is one whl
bas no sectional or partisan aspect
Wc are here as merchants and business m
from all sections of onr common country, a
holding all shades ot political opinions, to sc
template the lmminency of the bankruptcy
the State and the ruin of ourselves and o
fellow-citizens of ali shades of opinion and c<
or, and all varieties o? occupation,
i The rich are not above the evil consequenc
of the burden of State credit by fraud and ct
ruptlon, and the poor cannot escape the grin
ing effects of that form of taxation which v
tually confiscates their property, dlscourag
their Industry, and dooms them to a slav!
poverty hitherto unknown to our country.
The fathers of this glorious Union Beeedt
from the parent country when Great Brita
was at the very acme of national power, t
cause taxation without representation w
attempted to be enforced in the Colonies, evi
In thc mildest form oi Importa known to tl
British Empire.
. Yet, with this glori?os example before u
which ls the heritage of every American, at
in the face of this dangerous Invasion of tl
essential rights of individual freemen, and d
structlve of the first principle's of our nation
constitution, the people of this State were di
I posed, in a spirit of profound acquiescence t
' the national will, to submit to the degradii
conditions of the reconstruction policy, whit
disfranchised the intelligence and honesty <
the State, and forced upon the community
horde of corrupt white adventurers and ign<
rant negroes to discharge the delicate duti<
ol legislating for, and culing over, a free and ii
telligent people, without their consent and i
violation ol the plainest principles of Republ
can government Yet, boping for a speed
return of that sense of justice, If not of Ubi
rality and fraternal interest, which a commo
race and a common heritage were well calci
lated to produce; encouraged by the conserva
tive elements developing themselves arnon
the intelligent portion of our colored felic*
citizens, and the sympathy and intelligent cc
operation of citizens ol other States who hav
located among us, and whose influence an
enterprise were aiike favorable io the develop
ment of the State and the happiness and eic
vatlon of .our people, we are suddenly coe
fronted with a s?ries of corrupt legislativ
nets, entailing taxation which no industry ea
j survive, and with so reckless a use ot the put
lie credit as td seriously threaten the State witl
bankruptcy. Therefore, as merchants am
business men,-represvJtlng in part thebnsi
ness^nterest of the State, we have deemed i
our duty to oall public attention to the pmcti
cai effect of the present administration of th*
affairs of the. State,, boping that, by a time!
and judicious movement In the interest o? th?
public creditors and the taxpayers- ol ?tin
State, the high credit previously enjoyed'? b?
our citizens may1 be restored, and the taxei
reduced within the measure of the ability ol
the people to pay, without starvation or the
practical confie cation of their property.
We meet, therefore, undejr the auspices t?
the 1st Section of the 1st Amendment of thc
Constitution ol the United States, which per
mita and guarantees the right of citizens.to
assemble and petition for a redress of griev?
ances. The authors ol that glorious chartei
of public ll berty seemed to contemplate just
such a case as oura, when the rights of citi?
zens should be so disregarded by local authori?
ty as to leave only. the right to discuss tbelc
grievances, and to- invoke public sympathy in
their behalf..
The occasional disturbances in some ol the
counties o? the State are to be deplor?
ed and discouraged .by every Conservative
and law-abiding citizen, yet we cannot dis?
guise from ourselves that these violations o?
the public peaoe are the cons?quence of a
generous but unwise effort to suppress the
fraud and oppression ot corrupt local rulers
by partien who nos only accept the Union and
desire to obey legitimate authority of Federal
powers, but would be glad to receive that pro?
tection from lt in favor ni the white man,
which now only appears to be extended to
the negro.
lia set of adventurers, corrupt and ignorant
as those now ruling this State, should attempt
to displace the citizens of one of the New Eng?
land States from their legitimate rights of self
government at home, I am confident that a
mass meeting of the old Puritans would be
called, Old Hundred would be sung, and the
carpet-baggers would find a speedy exit from
that State the only escape from an early gruv'e.
It is easy to counsel patience and orderly con?
duct on the part of those who are far from
the insults and oppression of an Ignorant and
irresponsible faction, fastening themselves on
the vitals of the people and consuming their
substance, under the forms of law; but it is
more wise and philanthropic to aid in ridding
the community of stich an evil; and no gene
rous, man can resist the Impulse ?ai applause
when justice is meted out to such parties, even
if done rather irregularly.
' ? pirate, many years ago, on the Mexican
coast, pursued a merchantman, and the cap?
tain armed his passengers and crew to resist
the robber. A Quaker on board rein sed to
arm himself on the plea that he was a man of
peace, and must avoid violence. With undis?
guised disgust, the ship's company repaired to
the side of the ship to resist the robbers, leav?
ing the Quaker coolly contemplating the
The first man to reach the ship's deck was
the captain of the robbers, a bold and daring
fellow, who led the assaulting crew.
The Quaker Immediately confronted-him*
and, seizing the surprised robber by the neck
and heels, hurled him into the sea, calmly re?
marking, "Friend, thou hast no business /tere.
Thou earnest for a dishonest purpose." [Ap?
I refrain irom the application. I will only
add that the man of peaoe saved the ship and
cargo. The action was Irregular, and cannot
be Justified by a s tri ct disciplinarian. [Laugh?
ter and applause.]
No people can prosper where the fountains
o? power are corrupt and the law makers Ig?
norant and beyond the control of that clag s of
the people who produce the wealth and benr
the burdens of the State. [Applause.]
I have every confidence that the conserva?
tive element ol-the Republican party, white
and colored, are heartily with us in condemn?
ing the frauds and ignorance of the Legisla?
ture which bas disgraced ns as a - people and
tends to reduce us to .beggary. These resolu?
tions, which I have the honor of offering, me?
ditate a thorough sifting ol our entire fiscal
system, with a view to defeating the present
Corrupt practices of that body, and to secure
an honest and intelligent administration for
the future. The honest creditor of the State,
and the hard-working citizen whose industry
is so largely absorbed by taxes. will find se?
curity and relief under the action proposed by
these resolutions. The example of North Caro
lina ls before Toa, and we wish to avoli
overthrow of public credit by a timely pi
against measures and practices which le
ult?male repudiation and bankruptcy,
longed applause.]
It ls therefore but an act of prudence
honesty on our part to give this public nc
tuat bonds issued against the public inte
lor corrupt purposes, and without the con
of those whose property it te proposer
pledge,- will not be recognized as blndln
the State or the people in any form w
. Mr. President, a history of the reconsi
tlon policy in this State and tte re sn
reversing the order of society, even exten
tho system of its logical conclusions in leg
ttve and Judicial matters, will furnish a n
instructive lesson to statesmen of all ages,
will standout, sir, as distinctly as the overt!
of order in France during the reign of tei
perhaps less destructive of human life,
more demonstrative of the danger of eleva
ignorance to power, and corruption into pl
o? trust and confidence; and the fact that
community has thus far survived the infllc
is a bright example of the tenacity of a <
established civilization to resist, for a 1
period, the inroads even o? barbarism. 1
slr, we have a bright future before us,
young men are growing up and assuming
direction o? the affairs of State; conserva
men ot all parties, and o? both races, are
ginning to feel that public plunder reac
private purses, and that fallacious and parti
dissension too often enures to the benefi
the demagogue. Our own race through
the country i begin to feel a natl
sympathy for the white man. And as
sectional Issues pass away, the Inquiry \
arise, what there is In the black race entltl
lt to rule the intelligent white man, wh
gallantry In war. and culture and enterprise
peace, elevated us to the first rank as a natl
Aud I desire to say to our colored iellow-c
zens, whose rights I respect, and whose gei
and friendly co-operation, for the public gt
1 appreciate, I desire to securn for the c
tual interest of both races, that they will s
the wind and will reap the whirlwind, if, i
der the guidance of bad counsels, they i
their present power oppressively towal
their white brethren. The eyes of over 30,01
COO of white men are upon them, and the
perlor race will not long permit the oppress!
of any portion of Its members by a minor
of another race. [Applause.]
But to return, slr, to the financial quest!
belore us. I find by the statistical inform?t!
derived from your daily Journals, and such
formation as I have been able to collate fn
other sources, that the bonded debt of t
State at the beginning of the present admin
trallon was about $5,000,000, and now it t
reached 'the enormous sum of $16,000,0
This includes endorsements on railway bom
which it ls believed the State will be comp
led to pay. But one of the evils which \
complain of is the incomprehensible nature
the accounts which are published by t
Comptroller, so that no exact data can be h
fixing the amount of the public debt.
The average tax for ten years
previous to 1660 was but.t 431,000
The year 1860 being only. 392.000
The tax lor 18C8 was.. 1,868,000
The taxable value of the proper?
ty of the State In I860. 490,000,000 .
Taxable value lu 1871... 184,000.000
It will be perceived that In 1860 the tax?
were not quite $400,000, on a taxable basis
about $500,000,000. whereas the taxes of 181
amount to $1,858,000, on a basis of only 184
000,000. so that while the property of the Stat
was reduced to one-third its former value, tl
taxes are increased nearly five hundred pi
It is true that this enormous Increase is con
posed, in part, of money spent in reconstruc
tion expenses, and perhaps some additiom
interest on the public debt. I find other item
more striking In the year :
1858-Expenses of the Legislature-? 51,oe
1868-Expenses of the L?gislature. L70.0C
1858-Executive expenses. 5,00
1866-Executive expenses. 40,00
1858-Civil expenses. 97,0C
1868-Civil expenses. 218.0C
And the Legislative appropriations for th
four mouths' session, which closed last monti
amount to the enormous sum o? $525,000.
Thus you perceive that each Item of expens
ls enormously Increased, notwithstanding th
great decrease of .the property on which it 1
levied; and to make this still more oppressive
all this property ls over-valued enormously,
have known of many cases in which the;
valued far over double what the propert
would sell for. [Sensation.]
I refrain from citing the cases o? frau?
which have added so fearfully to the burden
ot the taxpayers, p.nd which huve been so pro
ductive of vulgar display on the part of th*
corrupt members of the Legislature in th<
way of splendid equipages and 6uch evidence;
of ill-gotten wealth as thieves and gambler.
delight to possess. These lacts will be graph!
cally spread before the public when the con
ventlon contemplated by our resolutions re
ports from Columbia.
One illustration will serve to show the meas?
ure of the taxation ol the present year. The
State and county tax is $12- on the $1000. Now
the planters and farmers of this Slate do not
expect to realize, under the most favorable
circumstances, more than seven per cent,
upon the value of their property, which, lt
must be remembered, ls assessed for taxation,
in every case, at Its full market value. It 1B
clear, therefore, that the planter who makes
$70 in . the year upon every $1000
of property, pays out o? that $70 the
sum of $12, or one sixth of the whole Income,
In State and county taxes. But the taxes of
two years are made due and collectable this
year-so tbafr lt ls fair to assume that the
double tax of this year will amount to at least
one-third of the whole Income of even those
planters who make a net profit of seven per
cent, upon the capital value of their property.
This is the effect upon those who are able to
employ all their taxable property at a full pro?
fit. ls lt not evident, then, that where only a
part of the taxable properly of a planter can
be made a source of income, or where his
property is wholly unemployed, the taxes of
the present year ore practical confiscation ?
Last year, moreover, when the total Stale
tax was only $1,014,001, and when the planters
were In a comparatively prosperous condition,
only $487,109 of the taxes could be paid. How,
then, can the people, with.cotton selling at the
cost of production, and without any accumu?
lated capital to fall back upon, pay this year a
total 8tate and county tax of more than
$4,000,000 ? [Applause.]
The land purchases of last year, costing about
$700,000, and which it is admitted would not
sell for more than $100,000. show a clear loss
of $600,000 to the taxpayers in one item-a
sum nearly large enough to delray the expen?
ses ol the State government for two years be?
fore the war.
Thus, gentlemen, I have laid before you but
a small portion of tbe evils and frauds connect?
ed with tbe fiscal matters of the State, but I
truBt enough to prove the propriety of investi?
gating tbe exact state of our finances, and ex?
posing if possible the guilty parties, and at any
rate preventing them in future from pledging
the property of the people to enrich themselves
by public plunder. [Loud and prolonged
The Hon. Geo. A. Trenholm then seconded
the resolutions in the following words :
Mr. Chairman--! rise to second the resolu?
tions proposed by my friend, Mr. Lathers, and
I ask the indulgence of the meeting in giving
the reasons that induce me to support them.
It ls one of the ev ile of our condition that even
signs of Buffering and cries of despair are
converted Into expressions of political discon
tent. In this not only ls a great, Injustice
done to our people, but a great Imposition
practiced upon the country. I do uo*t believe
that lt ls of the deliberate purpose ot the
American people, of whom we are flesh of
their flesh and bone of their bone, that we
should suffer the evils we endure. On the
contrary, I am sure of their sympathy and
support, In every manly, open and straight?
forward effort we make for our relief. Such, I
think, is the one embraced in these resolu?
tions. Be vie wing our circumstances with calm?
ness, and In a spirit of candor, I aver, without
fear of contradiction, that there is no hostility
to the government-no motives ol opposition
either to the laws or tbe policy of Congress
mingled with the feelings of disquietude thal
agitate the State. There are no political agi?
tators exciting the people to discontent In re?
spect of any questions connected with the
Federal Government. Our troubles are local;
tbey arise out pf the administration of our own
affairs. It ls one of the results of our new
cone ti tu 'ion- un fortunate, but inevitable-that
the legislative power ol the State has passed
into the hands of men unprepared by education
and experience in public affairs to make the
laws and manage the finances of the
State. Pressed on all sides by designing men,
who are Intent upon enriching themselves,
exposed to the temptations Incident to the
possession of power, the acts passed by them
from time to time, nuder Buch influences, bave
contributed to bring the State to the verge ot
bankruptcy, and ha ve augmented the taxes to
a sum which the income of the people is in?
adequate to defray. These are the causes of
the existing disquietude. As long as capital?
ists continue to supply money in exchange
for or upon the hypothecation of the bonds of
the State, no limit can be perceived to the
debt for which the property of its citizens
shall be pledged. Neither ls there any
security felt against the ?ruin In which
taxes BO enormous aa the present. must
inevitably result. In such circumstances
the simple remedy with every free people
is to change their representatives; but In
our case, as is well understood by the whole
country, this change is at present impossible.
They who make the laWB and levy the taxes
have no property and pay no laxes; those who
possess property and pay taxes have no repre?
sentation; and this condition of things admits
of no immediate change. In these painful and
trying circumstances, the suffering people pf
the State are driven to despair. They dread
the approach of the tax-collector, to whose de?
mands their poverty denies the compliance
that no merciful rulers would enforce. Their
alarm and agitation is fully justified, and merit
the sympathy of wise and good men in all
parts of our common country. That sympathy.
they are sure to receive. I have a well estab?
lished confidence In the Justice and magnanim?
ity of the American people. I am persuaded
that they will sustain us in the attitude we
propose to assume; that all further credit will
be refused to those whose wasteful adminis?
tration threatens Ihe ruin of the State. I
believe, too, that they will sustain us
in the effort to relieve ourselves from the
enormous taxes that threaten our property
with confiscation. [Applause.] It may well
be doubted If the entire gross annual Income
of the people from all sources amounts to $20,
000,000 Of this Bum, what ls expended In the
payment of wages contributes nothing to the
public resources from the remainder. The
monstrous proportion ol $4,000,000 is de?
manded for taxes In a single year-$2,000,000
for the current year, and $2,000,000, by antici?
pation, for the year 1872. Every virtuous and
patriotic man In the country, of every party,
upon a calm consideration of the unhappy
condition cf our suffering people, will std mil
the magnitude of our grievances, and Uie pa?
tience and moderation of our conduct. It ls
lo them, to our countrymen, thal we appeal tor
sympathy and support in the effort to save
ourselves from ruin. I have no fears of the
results of this appeal, anti I give my hearty
support to the .resolutions. [Prolonged ap?
The chairman put the question and the
resolutions were unanimously adopted, the an?
nouncement of the lad being received with
loud cheering.
Robert Bruns, Esq., then said :
Gentlemen of tfie Board of Trade-I have
the following resolution to offer, and I do so
at this time because, regarding the remarks of
Colonel Lathers and the accompanying resolu?
tions in the light of an address not only to the
people of America but of Europe, I did not de- j
sire to bewilder them with any scheme lor our
proper representation in the convention which
is to be held in Columbia. It is evident that if
we depend upon an election of delegates lo
the convention, In the respective counties of
the Stale, we may not be able to secure as our
representatives those gentlemen who would
probably be selected by the Chamber of Com?
merce or by this body to represent the com?
mercial Interests ol our community.
The resolution is as follows:
Resolved, That this Board of Trade do send
one delegate to the convention proposed to be
held in Columbia, and that we respectfully in?
vite the Chamber of Commerce to be repre?
sented in the same manner.
The resolution was seconded by Colonel
Richard Lathers, and unanimously adopted.
On motion, the meeting then adjourned.
The House to-day and to-night discussed the
Eu-Klux bill. Farnsworth made a legal argu?
ment In opposition to it. The Senate was on
the same business. No distinctive features
were manifested. It ls probable the House
will not get a vote on the Ku-Klux bill until
the end of next week.
Commissioner Pleasonton decides that per?
sons whose gross income during 1870, estima?
ted in currency, ls less than two thosand dol?
lars are not required to make income returns,
nor need make affidavit showing that their
gross income did not exceed that sum.
Tne Denunciation af Suspected Partlee
'-I.ookingfor tile Guillotine - All Paris
in Consternation and Confusion,
LONDON, March 31.
Advices from Paris, dated at noon, say the
sub-central committee resigned their power
to the Communal. Council. Conscription bas
been abolished; all able-bodied men belong to
the National Guard. The Versailles Govern?
ment stops horses, cattle and mails from en?
tering Paris.
LONDON, March 30.
An interviewer makes Prince Bismarck say :
The Beds now in possession of Paris are sim?
ple rioters. Tbiera'a government ia the only
legitimate. one. When the insurgents trans?
gress the conventions between Germany and
the Thiers government the Germans will treat
them as rioters, and disperse them by force,
but while keeping within the stipulation toe
Germans will, let them alone. Facilities will
be given the Thiers government for concentra-*
rion of troops; and German aid Is also probable
upon application of the Thiers government.
PAUS, March 30.
Copies of Figaro on sale at all newspaper
stands were seized to-day by the Nationals.
The ?nices of the paper are occupied and Its
publication forbidden. The Cri du Peuple and
Fran?ais both make the announcement that'
General La Lemand has completely Suppressed
the rising in Algeria. It ls expected the Peace
Conference at Brussels will continue its ses?
sions a long time. At 1 o'clock this afternoon
the sub-central committee passed sentence of
death on Wilfred Fauvielie for being engaged
in an obstinate and guilty attempt against the
existence of the committee. General Duval
was at tie same lime authorized to search out
and arrest all enemies of the Communs. The
Cri dn Peuple, vengeur and Nouvelle R?pub?
lique attack the Assembly In violent terms.
There are, however, no signs of an attack on
Tbe Iratest.
PARIS, March 31.
The delegates to the Commune Nationale to?
day surrounded the general postoffloe, pre?
venting its transfer to Versailles. The postal
service Is completely disorganized. The elec?
toral committee demand a rigid scrutiny Into
the elections bf Sunday last.
A World special says : "All ls consternation.
Tbe watchword of the Commune-is death to
the rich, to the land-owners and to the priests.
A decree, confiscating the church property,
has been prepared. Denunciations of suspect?
ed parlies are hourly made. The guillotine
will soon be erected. The Inmates of many
houses are marked for the guillotine. Drafts
, on the treasury are not paid either In Paris or
BRUSSELS, March 31.
The sittings of the Peace Conference are
suspended to avoid controversy. The business
Is hereafter to be conducted by an exchange
of notes. Commercial questions will be set?
tled by the French and German delegations.
General Mews.
LONDON, March 31.
It ls reported that Cardinal Antonelll has
resigned the secretaryship of State in the
Papal Cabinet.
Shanghai advices report that serious dis?
turbances are expected In Japan. One of the
Mikado's counsellors has been assassinated,
and the act ls'known to have been of a politi?
cal nature.
MADRID, March 31.
The Captain-General of Porto Bico is order?
ed to hold elections in that Island in July.
The Cuban elections will be ordered as soon
as Valmaseda arranges the preliminaries.
Views Of Napoleon-Ills Denunciation
of abe Versailles Government-Cardi?
nal Antonelll on Italian Guaran?
NEW YORE, March 28.
A correspondent who recently Interviewed
Napoleon at Wilhelmshohe says he expressed
the belief that France was drifting to anarchy,
which might not be confined to her alone; de?
nounced tbe National Assembly as illegally
and unlairly chosen, and not representative of
the will of the people. Ile said Thiers was a
smart wire puller, who would do anything to
retain power; defended himself from various
calumnies. In reply to a question whether he
Intended to retire to private life, Napoleon
"Ido not think that strictly speaking it
should be called private life, all my efforts
should be unceasingly directed against the
rebels, who have conspired for the ruin of
France, which is the only hope to them of
carrying out their sinister designs. These
men I will force to make amends to my poor
people, which they can only do by asking di?
rectly alter their will and then submitting to lt
without opposition. An energetic govern?
ment, with honest men, may soon beal up the
wounds ol France, but the power and authori?
ty of these same men would, be blasted at the
outset did they did not receive it immediately
out of the hands of* the people."
Correspondent. ''Your Majesty knows too
well the sentiments of my countrymen to
doubt that all their wishes are for a prosperous
republican government In France, in case
this should prove Impossible, only then do I
believe that the great majority of them would
rather see a Napoleonic* dynasty on the basis
of a plebiscite, than the Orleans or the Bour?
bons on their claim of inherited or divine
rights. Still, I cannot give up all hope that
France may succeed in establishing a durable
and thriving republic."
Napoleon. "Your President, General Grant,
does not seem to share such a hope, for, to a
certain extent, he seems to forsee with much
political acumen the early collapse ol our
pseudo-republic. How else could he have
emptied such a cornucopia of panegyric over
the- monarchico-federal system of new Ger?
many ?"
Another correspondent, who interviewed
Cardinal Antonelll, reports him to have said,
relative to the Italian Parliament: "They are
occupying themselves willi guarantees-guar?
antees ! we know that Jesus Christ gave the
Holy Father the right as His successor, and
the successor ol the Apostles, to rule His
church, but we never knew, belore now, that
He bequeathed to them (the Italians) the per?
mission or duty to concoct guarantees for the
purpose of establishing ofter what way the
church shall be governed-guarantees which
all Catholics on the face of t he earth, and the
Pope first of all, {Le Pope tout le Premier,)
will refuse to accept. Oh, there is no transac?
tion possible with them. You can say so.
There will never be any between them and
the church."
HAVANA, March 30.
General Modesta Diaz surprised seventy
Spaniards near Bayamo, and all except the
Spanish chief were captured or killed. Diaz
also surprised a cavalry force, killing twelve.
The insurgent loss was trifling. These suc?
cesses, following the great .victory at Mayart,
Inspire fresh hopes in insurgent circles.
WASUiNpTON, March 31.
The weather report shows it is probable that
cloudy and rainy weather will be experienced
on Saturday, in the Mississippi Valley, and to
some extent on the South and Middle Atlantic
coasts. Lieht fresh winds will probably be
experienced on the Lakes. The area of low
pressure, with brisk winds, seems to be mov?
ing eastward over Nebraska,
Voice of thc Slate Pren.
[Prom the Edgefleld Advertiser J
The people of Edgefleld are folly determined
to pay no more taxes daring the year 1871,
unless they are forced to do so by bayoneta in
the hands of Federal soldiers. We know the
sentiment of our people on this. infernal tax
business, . !:i
[worn the Barnwell JodrnaL)..;
We have counselled submission thus far, but
we do.so no longer, for the period has now
certainly come when our people should astin
an organised and determined manner, and re?
fuse to submit any longer to the present gov?
ernment j>f Incarnate vUlany and corruption.
The most probably successful remedy, without
violating the public peace.-Iles lb the absolute
refusal of our property-holders to pay ons'
cent of tax-to .the present State government..
The property-holders furnish, the means by
which the conniption of the- officials Is en?
couraged and their robberies are supplied, and
by withholding these means the wheels of
government can be clogged. They should as?
semble at certain points'Tn every county, and
agree and determine to'resist all taxation on
the part of the State.
[From the Wlnnsboro' News.}:'
The State will have to be reconstructed
again by Congress, or Congress will have to
wink at Its practical reconstruction by the
white people of the State, In some form or
other, whether by getting control of the Leg?
islature, or of a convention, or what not, we
cannot Bay. We only are convinced that the
present government is ? failure, and there
must be a change of some Bort. This vile,
rotten, wicked, corrupt and degrading re?
gime must be reformed pr overthrown,
and we Bee no practical method of ac?
complishing It except by some form of revolu?
tion. Of course we are not so insane sato
mean, even to hint collision with the United
States government. There can be Very effect?
ive revolution, like, that which, in colonial
times, flung off the proprietary government,
without any such collision. A refusal, in solid
phalanx, to pay further taxes, for instance,
would fling light upon the situation. Espe?
cially would lt bring to light the real disposi?
tion of the Federal government, which some
people take for granted will forever sustain
ignorance, robbery, degradation and vice. We
must give Congress another chance for recon?
struction, or try our band at lt ourselves.
LONDON, March 31.
Tbe great race between Oxford and Cam?
bridge, on the Thames, comes off to-morrow.
The betting Is six to four oe Cambridge.
Acta and Joint ReaolaUons, Passed bp
the General * BBC ra lily ot South Caro?
lina. Seaalon of l H 70- 71.
AN A OT to charter tbe Town of Hamburg.
SXOTXOB 1. Be it enacted by . the,. Senate and
rio ase of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting ih General As?
sembly, and by thc authority of the esme:
That from and if ter tbs passage of. this tot, all
citizens of this State having reaided sixty days
in tbe Town of Hamburg shall be deemed, and
are hereby declared to bs, a body politic and
corporate; and the said town shall be called
and known by the name of Hamburg, and ita
corporate limits shall be held and deemed to
extend from the Savannah Bridge, leading to
Augusta, Georgia, one mile west, one-half a
mile east, and one mile north.
SEC. 2. That tbe said town sball be govern?
ed by an intendant and roar wardens, who
shah be citizens of this Btate, and shall have
resided within the corporate limita of said
town for sixty days immediately preoeding
their election, who sball be elected on the sec?
ond Monday in April in every year, ten days'
public notice thereof being previously given;
and that all male inhabitants of the age of
twenty-one years, ci tizona of this State, and
who shall have resided in tho asid town for
sixty days immediately preceding tba election,
shall be entitled to vote for said intendant and
SEO. 3. That the election for intendant and
wardens of tbe said town shall be held at the
town hall, in the said town, from eight o'clock
in the morning until four o'clock in the after?
noon; and wheo- the polls shall be closed, tbe
managers sball forthwith count the votes and
proclaim the election, and give notice ic writ?
ing to the persons elected; the intendant and
wardens shall appoint three managers to bold
the ensuing and every subsequent election, ex?
cept the first, which shall be ordered by the
county commissioners of Edgefleld County im?
mediately alter the passage of this act. The
managers, in each case, shall, before they open
the polls for said eleottoa, take an oath, fairly
and impartially to conduct the same; and the
intendant and wardens, before entering upon
the dnties of their respective office s, shall take
the oath prescribed by the Constitution of this
State, and also the following oath, to wit: "As
intendant (or warden) of the Town ot Ham?
burg, I will equally and impartially, to the best
of my ability, exeroise the trust reposed in me,
aod will use my bast endeavors to preserve the
peace, and cany into effect, according to law,
tho purposes for which I have \?eea elected : So
help me God." The said inteudant and ward?
ens shall bold their offices from the time of
their election until the second Monday in April
ensuing, and until their successors shall be
elected and qualified.
SEO. i. That in case a vacancy should occur
in the office of intendant or any of the war?
dens, by death, resignation, removal or other?
wise, or in case of a tie in said election, an
election to till such vacancy snail ba held by
tbe appointment of the intendant and wardens
or warden, (as Lhe case may be,) or the county
commissioners of Edgefleld County, if theT
should be no intendant or wardens, ten days'
public notice thereof being previously given;
and in case of the sickness or temporary ab?
sence ot the intendant, tbe wardens, forming a
council, sball be empowered to elect one of
their number to act in bis stead during the
Ssc. 5. That the intendant and wardens,
duly elected and qualified, shall, during their
term of service, severally and respective?
ly, be vested with all the jurisdiction and
powers of trial justice, or any other inferior
court, within tbe limits of the said town.
And the intendant snail and may, aa often as
he may deem it necessary, summon the war?
dens to meet in council, (any two of the war?
dens, with the intoudant, shall constitute a
quorum to transact business.) and they shall
be known as the town conned of Hamburg,
and they an*/ their successors, hereafter to be
elected, may have a common seal, which shall
be affixed to all tbe ordinances. And the said
town council shall have authority to appoint,
from time to time, as they may see flt, such
and so many proper persons - to act as mar?
shals or constables of said town as the
said town council may deem necessary
and expedient for the preservation of
the peace and good order of the
town, and the persons BO appointed shall, with?
in the corporate limits of said town, have the
power, privileges and emoluments, and be sub?
ject to all the obligations, penalties and regu?
lations, provided by law for tho office of con
atable, and shall be liable to be removed at the
pleasure of said counail; and tba said town
oonoofl shall bave the power io establish* pi
author zo the. esUblisbaaeot, of tho market
boase in seid town, ?nd the .said town couooiJ
ab ali have mil power andas than ty, ander their
corporate seal, to make all i ar. oh mies, by-law?
and ordinanoee reapeetfng the streets, roads,
market house, end the f?stoees thereof, and
the po li co system of the said town, as shaB
appear to them necessary and proper fertue
security, wollare and con veni en oe, and' for the
preserving health ."fcrder and good government
r.vithin the same, And the aaid town counr,
eil may impose fines for oflarjcea against t?ae?r
by-law3 and ordinances, and appropriate tho
same ta the public nee of said town; and the
said town con aol shall havo the jaatne power
which trial Jnaraoea now baie to oompel tba
attendance Of witnessed end repairing thea
to give evidence npen the trial before them of
?ny person for a violarlo n1 of any of t h ei r by
lawB car ordinances, bet no fine above the atna
of twenty dollars, ?r imprisonment in tte
guardhouse not iopger than ten days, shalt
be imposed by them, except by soit in the
Court of Common Pleas : And provided, also.
That no fine shall exceed fifty dollars; and!
alan, that nothing herein contained shall an?
thon ze the said conseil to. make any by-law?
or ordmatioes inoonsfe I eat wkh, or repugnant
to the laws of this State; and all the by-laws,
mles and ordinances the said connon may
make, shall, at ell times, be subject to reristf
or repeal by the General Assembly of tfllo
trio. 6. That ?he said Intendant and warden?
shall have Juli power to abate and remove rry
sanees rn the said town, and it shaH be their
duty to keep all roads, ways and stree? within
the corporate Inuits pf' the ?aid town open and
in good repair, and for that purpose th^y are
invested with all the Bewers heretofore granted
to county commissioners, and sh all have full
power to classify and arrange the mahitanfai of
said town liable to street, roed or other public
duty therein, and to force the performance of
such duty, under such penalties as are now or
Shall boroafter bc prescribed by law,: Provided,
That the saidtown council may co m pound wi Lb
persons liable to perform such duty, opon such
terms and on the payment of such annus ea
may be esta blahed by laws or ordinances :
And, provide ;. Iso, That the individu?is who
compose the said town council shall be exempt
from the performance of road and police duty;
Ssa 7. That the power to grant pr; reihte li?
censes for billiard tahlee, io keep tarea or to
retail spirituous liquors, and on all drays and
carte hauling goods for. which they receive
pay, also all omnibuses or carnages carrying
passengers within said town, at such rates
I and on such terms and condeena as the, said
I council may deem flt tn d proper; and the said
intendant and wardens shall have the full and
I only power to impose a tax on til SOO WS, exhi?
bitions or ? public amusements, fox gain ot re
I ward, within the limits of said town, and. alt
I mont y paid foriicenses for retailing splrituoua
I liquors, keeping tavern and billiard tablea,
dray and. cart, license, and omnibuses or car
I ria gos, and the tax collect ed on all shows for
I gain or reward within tbe said limita, ahaU be
I appropriated to the public us? ot the said cor
I pcration. ?.
I, Bsa, 8. That the town connell of Hamborg
j shall have power and authority to require all
I persons owning a lot or lote m said town to
keep in good repair ai dewai ka in front of said
I lot or lots whenever the same snail front or
I adjoin any of the public streets of said town,
j if, in the Judgment of 'the council, asid aide
! walks shall be necessary; the width thereof
I and the manner of their construction tobe dea
I ignated and regulated by the town council*,
I and for default or refusal to keep in repair
I such sidewalks, the town co un oil may canee
I the same to be put in ?repair and require the
I owner to pay the price pf repairing: Provided,
I That such contract for repairing be let to tbe
I lowest bidder.
Baa 8. That tba said town council of Ham
I burg shall have power to arrest and commit to
jail for a space of time not exceeding five days,
and to fine, not exceeding twenty dol?an, any
I person or persons who may be guilty of dla
I orderly conduct in said town to tbe annoy
I ance ot the citations thereof; and it shall be
tho duty of the marshal ol the town to make
j snob arrest?!, and to call to bia assistance the
I posse orinltatus, if necessary, and,, npon fail
I ure to perform said duty, he shall be fined in
toe sum not exceeding twenty dollars for each
and every odd noe.
j Baa 10. That the said town council of Hata
! burg shall have power to grant or refuse
I licenses to partios within the limita of said
town, and the parties to wbom such license?
I are granted snail be subject to euch regula?
tions as may, by ordinance, be established.
I They shall also have power, in addition ito the
money collected by licenses, to. impose and
I collect an'annual tax upon the aeseasod pro
I nerty af tho said town .: Provided, No tax shall
I be impbsed in any one year, to exceed rho rate
I of fifteen cents on each hundred dollars of
I such assessed property, and that the money,
so raised shall be applied to the use of said
j town. The said town council shall bave tho
I power to enforce the payment of ail tue?
I levied by the said town council to the same ex
I tent, and in the same manner, aa is now or;
I hereafter shall be provided by law for the col
! lection' of the general State taxes. . ' .
SEO. ll That all public property, which waa
I formerly under the control of the town council
I of Hamburg, shall again revert to the town
I council elected under this act : Provided, Boob
I property is in the corporate limito of said
I town, and intended for publie nae.
I Sao. 12. That the said intendant and war
I dena in person, or any one of them, may
I authorize and require any marshal or any con?
stable, especially appointed for that purpose,
I to arrest and commit to the guardhouse,
j (which the said town council are hereby au?
thorized to establish,) or'to the jail of Edge
! field County, for a term not exceeding li ve
I days, any person or persons who, within the
I corporate limite of said town, may be engaged
I in a breach of the peace, any riotous or dis*
I orderly conduct, open obscenity, pnblio drunk
I enness, or any conduct grossly indecent, or
I dangerous to the citizens of said town, or any
I of them.
Sao. 18. That the town council ebrfl, within
I one month after the expiration of their term of
I office, make out and return to their successors
a fall account of their receipts and expendi?
tures during their term, and shall pay over all
I moneys in their possession belonging te iii e
I corporation, also deliver, all books, records and .
I other papers incident to their office to (heir
I successors, and on failing to do so, shall be H
I able to a .fine not exceeding tvo hundred dol?
lars, to be collected by any proper action by the
I town council.
SEO. 14. That this act shall be deemed a
I public act, and shall continoe in force fdr'
I twenty-one years, and until tbe end of the aes
I sion of tbe General Assembly of this State then
I next following, and all acts of incorporations or
I amendments thereof r?pugnant or conflicting
with.his, are hereby repealed.
I Approved February 28,1671, **

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