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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR. THE CAROLINA OF TO-DAY ! VI ? WS OF A GENTLEMAN OF THE OLD SCHOOL. Poverty off the Old, Planters- Cotton Planting Unprofitable-Indolence of thc Negroes-Their Destiny- Fuiore off the South. The correspondent o? the New York Tribune writes from Charleston nader date o: the 19th instant: I met yesterday a good specimen of the old school South Carolina gentleman-a man of about sixty, tall and well built, dressed with scrupulous care, and havine a dignified bear lng and a couctesy of speech". This gentleman entertained me for an hour with a conversa? tion upon the condition ol affairs in this bt^te that showed a freedom from prejudice, and a disposition to forget the past aud make, the best of things as they exist, that is seldom evinced by people ol bis class. He was ior ten years a member of Congress, and formerly owned what was called a model plantation upon the Savannah River, in Abbeville District. His plantation was one of that kind that used to be shown to Northern travellers as" a prorr of the benign character of the institution of slavery, where all the slaves were robust and healthy, well-clad, well-fed, comfortably sheltered, and apparently enjoying a high degree of happiness. He said that since JL the surrender he had become poor, and m had taken to the practice of the law to earn a r living. My acquaintance, whom I shall call the colonel, gave me an account of the pov? erty ol most of the proud old families in the middle and upper districts of the State, men? tioning them all by name, with a description ot their former ai??uence and their present in? digence. One ol his illustrations of their changed circumstances was particularly striking. "These gentlemen,'" he said, "In the old" time would never drink brandy that was less than thirty years old, and now they can alford nothing better than the meanest corn whiskey." "Bu* bow can they be so poor when they still own large tracts ?i land ? Why don't they sell a portion of their estates V I asked. "Because nobody wants to buy. The land, ls a bord* "o them. They cannot get accustomed to. new labor system, and many of them, when their cotton ls sold at the end ot the year, fad themselves poorer than when they began, and only "deeper,in debt after a year's hard work. The plant? ers have been mined by cultivating colton exclusively aud neglecting ali the food crops. In my district I am well acquainted with ali the planters. I do not know one who has made anything the past year, and I can call to mind a number who have each lost several hundred' dollars. They planted with the ex pectation that cotton would sell for 25 cents a pound, and when they had brought their crops to market they could only obtain 14 or 13 cents, and could not pay their expenses with the proceeds." The colonel said that, previous to 1860, lt was considered discreditable for a planter not to raise all the corn be needed for use on his place, but now there were many who did not plant an acre. The cause of this mistaken policy, he thought, was the great need ol money, and the expectations rnlsed by the high price that cotton brought alter the war. This year he had observed that a much larger area ol corn bad been planted. . He did not think that the corn was stolen in the fields to so great an extent as to deter the planters from cultivating it, as others had represented to me. "* Three systems of labor prevail.9One is fqr the planter to hire his workmen, paying them monthly Wages of from SC to SS, and giving them an allowance ol corn meal and bacon, ai cabin, and a garden patch. Another U to give the laborer one-third ol* the crop, thc planier ?providing seed, fertilizer?, tools and animais. The third system is ior the laborer to furnish everything exceptrYertiiizers, and receive one halt the crop. The last two systems are much preferred by the negroes, and are the most used in practice; but even these systems, the colonel said, do not afford sufficient incentive to the negroes to be industrious, and, as a consequence, the result often proves unprotit ahjo to the planter and to the laborer. He ^q?|ared that the negroes aro, as a class, lazy aW thriftless, working only when driven to lt by necessity. "You draw false conclusions," lie said, "about the industry of the ne^rn | i from the amount of the cotton crop produced in.t*^3omh last year. I have snowc you how ImslrTis done by an almost total neglect ol the provision crops, and that the result has been disastrous. I do not believe that the ' total value of the agricultural productions ol lhs>South ior 1S70 will equal the average value ot* the nroductions during the ten years pre .?ceding'the war. In other words, I am conti dent that Ihe netrro is not producing as much now as he did under the slave system. He is not industrious by nature. He will work hard ' for of?? day, and then spend two in hunting, | . fishing or idling, about the. nearest town, iting thus but one acre, where, with con it industry, he might plant three." I told colonel that I had observed in Columbia Anderson and Greenville that a number of colored mtn had bought lots and built com fortable houses, thus giving evidence of habits ol Industry and economy. These, he thought, were exceptional instances. They were the mechanics ot the towns, trained to steady labor from boyhood. The vast majority of the colored people ot ihe State barely lived from hand to mouth, he said. The colonel thought that the A/rican race would soon become extinct in all the conntry, with the ?exception, perhaps, of ihe hot, marshy seaboard, where ihe white race would not come into competition with it. According to his observation, the mortality among tho negroes had greatly Increased since they were emancipated, and this increase resulted from Insufficient food anti clothing, poor sheller and carelessness and lack bf judgment in tending the yoting and nursing the sick. Pul? monary complaints, formerly almost unknown, had become prevalent and fatal. Ho discuss? ed Darwin's theory o? ihe struggle ior life, and maintained that its truth would be strikingly . illustrated on this continent by the gradual disappearance ol the negroes, who, now that they are brought into active comp?tition with the whites, must inevitably perish according to the law ol nature, which preserves only the strong and vigorous races. "In the days ot " slavery," he said, "it was for the interest ol' the white men that the negroes should in? crease in numbers. There was, therefore, no struL'gie between the two races; the stronger, on the contrary, aided anti protected the weak? er. Now, the case is changed: and, with all the feeling of kindness we have ior the ne? groes, and our unwillingness to see them suf tcr, the aggressive energy of the Anglo Sax? on race will push them out ol existence.-"" TUfrcoloneL thought that, as the negro race disappeared, a new and vigorous e'vilizition would spring np in the South that would lead the world. He believed that all ihe elements of such a civilization exist in the Southern character, the remarkable power and enersy of which were fully proved by the war. "We arc not an indolent, enervated people, as many al the North imagine," he said, "and we de? monstrated during the war Ihe immense exer? tions ol'which we are capable. When thts en? ergy, industry and Intelligence which we pos? sess are brought into 1 "til 1 play in developing our industrial resources, we will make the South the garden of the world. Murk my pro? phesy." The colonel's urey eyes shone with enthusiasm while making th's prediction. He gave mn an interesting but sail account ol the decay ot the old proud families liiat. once lord? ed il on ihe sea Islands,spend:mr the summers at tne Virginia springs and the Northern watering-places, and iivlug the rest of the year upon their estates in priucely style, ealing thc finest game, drinking the rarest wiues, and dispensing at all times a majtnifJceut. hospitali? ty. Many" ol ihese families have entirely dis? appeared, and nearly all are reduced to pov? erty. They lost both slaves and lands. Their line mansions have been destroyed orare min? ed and deserted, raDk weeds obscure all traces of their once beautilul gardens, and they them? selves are outcasts and wanderers, reduced in many cases to the station ol common laborers. They were an enervated and effeminate race, these sea island planters, he said, not intelli? gent, although highly .educated, and when they lost their property they gave up in de? spair, made no attempt j.o maintain their so? cial position, ?nd sank out ol sight among the lower classes. It was different with the first families of the up-country. Althotigu great l08er?by the war. they are hard at work, under grew discouragements and embarrassments. ?bey try to retrieve their fortunes, ?ind still maintain much of their former position anti influence. JEFFERSON DAVIS IN ATLANTA H?> Accepts .Vothine.'hut Shakes Hands with Politics Mr. Davis was enthusiastically received in Allanta on Saturday. At night, a welcoming speech was delivered at the Kimball House by General Carlington, about two thousand per? sons attending. In response, according to tte Era, Mr. Davis said, snbstactially: Looking down upon the honest laces before him, he experienced ? peculiar pleasure as he realized the fact tbat tho complimentary tri? bute paid to aiin was au expression of senti? ment on ino part of the people ol Georgia. Georgia had a proud record. BeglnniDg*with Oglethorpe,* and glancing rapidly at the old Colonial times, the speaker remarked that ihe principles l'or.wbicb Georgians fought in the late war bei ween ihe State3were the 6amc they contended for in the revolution of 3770, and in Ibe war ol* 1812. He felt animated and sustained by the conviction that Georgia would yet recover her ancient liberties and be a great, prosperous and sovereign Sta* ? When first ?ie saw Atlanta IL was simply au old field of st ibbie. Again be saw it just after th? Federal army had swept over lt. making their course by a vandalism iar blacker than anything that bad ever stained the fair fame of Turenne as a soldier. A third time he saw lt, and then the blackened ruins had disap? peared; the evidences ol' desolation irad been swept away to make room for the stately struc? tures which now ornament the city. DwelliDg at some ienntb upon the enterprise and eneigy displayed by the people ol Georgia, undeu so many adverse circumstance-:, the speaker al? luded to ihe important work which the yoting men of ihe State hnd before them. He did not propose to discuss politics. He had shaken bands with politics, and had done witli them forever. He trusted that every one in the i.udlence would agree with htm ou that point. But while he did not care to make a political speech, he felt that he ought to express one or two opinions in refer? ence to the jest policy to be pursued by ihe South. He r'ilerred only to the present-thc future might take care ol Itself. He dared not say all that be would. It would be used against the Southern people, and ihey would be com? pelled to bear the responsibility ol his utter? ances. Thej'? was a good deal ol' talk about "accepting tte situation," but, as ?ar as be was concerned", hi* would "a'cept nothing !" These miserable phrases about -'accepting the situa? tion" because our rights had been submitted lo the arbitrament of the sword and lest, were the exc ises ol' dimces and cowards. No one bas a right lo submit the liberties of a people to itie arbitrament of the sword. Trie representatives of the Southern peoole had never be?n authorized to do anything ol' the kiud. A3 their chief executive, be bad never been so authorized, nor did he ever claim to be.' He did not like to bc understood as advocatin-.: resistance. On the contrary, be counselled submission to existing laws. He knew very v.-eli that the conquerer wa3too powerful to be successfully resisted by the South. It WES the duty of Georgia, and bf the other Southern States, to keep aloof i rora politics, and to.attend to the development ot their Internal resources. This was all that could be done at present. It was useless for the South to attempt to take a controlling part in the politics ol the country. As matters now stand s.ich action would only delay the day ol deliverance. He was firmly convinced, and intended to live and die believing mat Georgia and lier sister States would again be prosperous, free and sovereign. Unless tills was again the case, the Republic was a failure. But there were great numbers o? freemen In Hie North who sympathized with us. They would never submit to be deprived of their l?benles, and when tney felt ihe danger at home they would then need the aid of the South. Thus, by quietly holding aloof, Ibe South could become a political balance ot power on this continent. This desirnble result would be accomplished by waiting until they livided at the North, and theu it wouid be Hie policy ot tho South to act with the party hav? ing the best candidate and Hie best platform. Ia conclusion, Mr. Davis made a few rm-' incrous remarks about the life insurauce busi? ness. He preferred lo discuss that Instead ol' politics, lt would ufford Him pleasure to in? jure the life o:* every man present, and guar mtee one hundred years existence. Again expressing to his audience bis heartfelt ap? preciation of ihe detnonslraiiou in his honor, Mr. Davis bade them "?.?oo-i night,*1 and re? tired amidst enthusiastic cheering. LARGE FIRE IN MOBILE. MoLiLEf? May 30. There was a destructive lire here last night, un St. Frances street. Maguire, Blackwood ft Do.'s wholesale drug store, where it orginat id, G. A. Arnold's hat store, and John Reid & 3o.'s wholesale dry goods store, also on east side ol* Water 6treet, J. C. Dubose & Co.'s wholesale drug store, J. E. Sherman & Co.'s stationery store, aud H. Bernstein's shoe store, md on west side M. Simon A Bro.'s clothing store, were totally destroyed. Kennedy, Lyons & Co.'j wholesale dry goode store,.N. Smith & Co.'s boot and. shoe store, F. Wil .lams's saddle store, Bidgoods's bookstore, the Commercial National Bank building, and N. Webb's crockery store, are badly damaged. Loss over $300,000. TBE BIGAMOUS BOWEN. WASHINGTON, Muy 2Q. The Bowen Digamy case prosecution proved Bowen's marriage to Miss Hick?. The defence preseuted the decree ol the New York Su? preme Court, dated-May, 18C5, divorcing C. C. Bowen from ? Frances Bowen. Judge Oliu thought, il th'.' defendant was not a citizen ol Sew York, ar.cl ran away from ibis woman when the war was going on, aud obtained ibo decree, that the publication was vcid. He wished to be satisfied on ihe points wbelher such p/.blication was void, aud whether or not there was lraud. He .would like to hear limber argument. The jurors were sent to the Continental Hotel, and the court ad? journed. AUSTXtIA AND AMERICA. VIENNA, May 20. The natura'ization treaty between Austria and the United Si ates, signed by Beast and ,'uy last September, has been ratified by ihe Keicbsrath, -atid will be submitted io thc Hun-' yarian Diet on the 25th of June. Twelve months are allowed by the treaty !or exchange of ratification.'-. CONGRESS I'S. THE CONSTITUI ION, INDIANAPOLIS, May HO. The Milligan case has gone to the jury. The judge, charging the jury, sustains Hie prohibi? tion of inc coastituiiou as declared by tbe Su? preme Coartas overruling Gen. dorey's acts, though Sustained by federal executive approv? al or supported by Congressional enactment. The judge, however, recognized lae right of Congress to limit the time for righting wrongs. Jury were ordered to return a sealed verdict. THE WEATHER THIS DAT. , WASHINGTON, May 30. It is probable that a slight rain will continue for a short lime on the New England coast, and also lull ia portions of Virginia and Penn? sylvania. Partially cloudy weather and light southeast and southwest winds will prevail on Wednesday east of the Mississippi River, and on the Gulf. SPECIE FOR EUROPE. NEW YORK, .May 30. Tiie specie ?liipment to-day was three hun? dred and eighty thousand dollars. THE HANDSOME HARPY. WHO ASH WHAT SHH IS, AND HOW SHE PLIES HER VOCATION. '.Tlie Uhlan of Society." [Fror* thc Saturday Review.] The Handsome Harpy is the Uhlan of soci? ety. She is as Pitiless in her exactions as her renowned Prussian analogue. Her victim Is not a French commune, but a wealthy adorer; and her booty not barn-door fowls and cigars, but dress, dinners and diamonds. She can not appeal to the rights of war in excuse lor her rapacity, lor her victim is her own familiar lrlend; but at least she can plead the cris*om of Ihe dem'-7noncie, whose greed she imitates. For some time the Harpies within the Pale have envied the cood fortune of the Harpies out? side lt. They nave seen.' With growing dis? content, a variety ol good things falling-into the laps of their rivals, and nave fretted st the .crupi? which debarred them from profiting by it in their turn. Why should Anonyma'alone enact ihe part of the" modern Danae, and they be excluded by a stupid cliquet'e from-a share in t he golden .shower? At last their impatience has culminated in a bole!" resolution lo be bound by no such restraints In. future. They have proclaimed the natuml right of fascinating wo? man to live by her fascinations. The result is (bat a new aud formidable danger has begun to be- added to the many which environ our gilded youth. .What the Circe o? Wapp'ng.ls to Hie ingenuous Jae1: ashore, that the Hand? some Harpy is to the Eldest Sou. He ls lured to her side, and then pillaged. Lord Chester? field never foresaw the day, or he would have given his soc very diff?rent counsel, when a FLIRTATION' WITH A WOMAN J3F FASHION' would become one of the most ruinous luxu? ries in which a young man of fortune could indulge. Tc is during the London season that the Handsome Harpy is busiest. Requisl'lons are.then at their height. Ascot, Epsom, Greenwich, Richmond, each is in luru the scene ol' thom. Somelimes, to press less heavily on a single -adorer, the Handsome Harpy apportions the expense of her small pleasures atnong a whole circle. One man provides herop-?ra box: another her riding horses; upon the third is devolved the costly privilege of paying her milliner's bill; while .a kmrth loads ihe tables ol her pretty salon with china and vertu. Then, when the season is over, glutted with spoils, she daps ber wings and lakes to flight, to pluck some especially pjunip pigeon, ieaiher by feather, without fear ot interruption, oa the coasts of Norway, or to forage iu Soonish castles lu quest of new prey. In October the Handsome Harpies be gin'io reappear In Loudon hungrier than ever. You may see them on thelr'perches al the theatre?, pluming themselves ou their autum? nal exploils, and; with fresh lustre in their cruel eyes, prepariug io flesh their talons on a new assortment of spoonies. But who aud wliat is a Handsome Harpy ? Simply a young matron who has mistaken her vocation. Had she remained single, or mar? ried under a happier siar, the predatory in? stinct lu her bosom would never have attained such alarming proportions. In the one case lt' might have been subdued by the conjugal and maternal instincts, and In the other it would probably never have exceeded Hie bounds' of that petty pilfering which is excusable in an old maid. As it ls, marriage has exasperated her acquisitiveness. She regards it as a state ol life allowed in Scripture which lends itself conveniently to practices, which, to say the least, are not exactly Scriptural. To her, home aud Us endearmenis are us a lale told by an idiot. Novision of children lisping their sire's return, or pleading lor morning bounties irom a mother's hand, disturbs the even tenor of lier mercenary musings. All the plums, me laphorical as well as confectionery, are strictly reserved for herself. Her husband ls a dum? my; her children are Invisible. Linked for life to A T?hr.'D KRIUELE, willi the tastes ol a mininer and the soul of a city alderman, she must amuse herself abroad or die of ennui. From a distraction flirting has become her business. Once lhere was u dash ia her flirtations. There was a time when ?bc figured as lue barrack beauty ol a garrison town," and gave free play to thai weakness for ! Hie military which the Grand Duchess of Ge? rolstein so ?andully avows. Even in thal early stage ol' her married life ihe tongues of local gossips were set wagglDg by ihe ireedom willi which she raced about the country wi!h a posse of youag ensigns. Having graduated will, so much distinction in this local school of Cupid, slit- boldly resolved to>eDlarge the hor- , izon of her gallantries, and euter the lists willi the friskiest of frisky matrons. In London the buxom charms which the young ensigns found < so irresistible have been toned down to satisfy ? the more critical eye of fastidious guards? men aud self-complacent dandles. A .more delicate pink suffuses .her cheek; a new hud ? goidc? gleam plays over her tresses. This i singular development ol beamy entails a ' correspond I n? development ol' wealth, fiul 1 Dummy's income ls limited. If he is capa- 1 ble ol feeling a dislike, it ls the dislike ol | paying his wile's bills. Pinched for means , io gratify her unbridled ext ravagnnce, our 1 heroine has been lorced to joiu ihe raaks of I Hie Associated Harpies. Henceforward Jiir .latiou has become self-supporting, uot lo say , lucrative. He who flirts must pay. She sm'ues for ..onsiderallou, and Is cap? ?vating 1 for value received. There is a graduated . tariff lor tokeus ol' ber regard, from a passing . daltiuuce lo a CONFIDENTIAL INTERVIEW. Sentiment, even. f?lCh sentiment as the rowdy young ensigns inspired, has lODg since dropped um ol the irunsuciiuu. It is simply : au affair of ihe market. But it is managed with due ivgard lo tho prejudices o.' society. The same sort of machinery ibat crops up in a corrupt borough ls-culled into op?ration. ls it a iliuuioiul star for her hair ilv.il she cov? ets 5? Her "man in ihe moon" possesses ua liiuiled credit at the fashionable jeweller's. A tli'iy-guiaea dress"? The "mau . in the nioou" ls equal io Ihe occasion, nuil ihe dell ' fingers ol ?he queen ol' milliners are set;u motion to gratiiy her wish. It is even rumored that for the rent of ihe Inshionable niausioa ia willoh she weaves lier web lor wealthy noodles, she is beholden to the same mysterious.but benevolent ageucy. Thus she has.solved ihe difficult ptobitm of livingul Ihe'rale of tea lliousuud a year on an income of oue, without landing lier husband ID bank-? ruptcy, or even wouuiling his susceptibilities. But l?ie spectacle of a married womau. dress? ed, bedecked, amused, and oven housed by the ilisiuUT"sted generosity ol a eire''- ol' contri? butory adorers, is one ci ihe c .iositles of advanced civilization, which, from our grftuii moiher's point ol view, may fairly be reckoned with the marvels ol'electricity and steam. Eveu more astonishing to our grandfathers, with their stricter notions ol' houor and punc? tilio, would be the sleek cynicism displayed by the partuers aud accomplices of these fair requisllionisis. lt i; alleged by some ol'our foreigu tallies, .that Englishmen iu the lower classes are in thc habit of pulling up their wives to audron, lu fashionable s?>cicly Ihe practice ol utilizing ihcui is mon: ingenious. They ure used ?is decoys for rich '.impleious. Hie matrimonial Galliots satisfied willi u nom? inal dignity as muster of his own household.' Bills and invitations run in his name, but the uun:en ol his wile's maintenance ia luxury and ol ber personal ailornmeiil is shared among his very good lrleutls aud croui?s. her adorers, il may bo true thal our ancestors did not lake a more elevated view ot the con? jugal ne mau the husband of to-day. Matri? monial I'nllios have existed ia all ages ol Hie world. But a husband who educes himself mat U1S W'.' K MAY PLAY THE JACKAL among her rich acquaintances, aud thereby case lus pocket, may ue said to have fairly dis? tanced all former councillors ia Ibe field of sordid corap.uisaiice. Yet iel us do justice to the luct which he exhibits in a situation ol' peculiar delicacy. Oilier husbands have learn? ed to wink ai liieir wives' louies; he alone has brought a talent for winking lo ihe perleciion of a riae ait. li would be difficult lo imagine a more admirable school for diplomacy than ihe menage of which he is the Ulular head. A husband must be an adroll dissembler io see his wife glittering in jewels not of his giving, and iu dresses uot of his providing, without exhibiiiog'lhe faiulesi symptom of surprise or asking 'one Indiscreet question. Whatever may .e thought of him as a man, as a diplo? matist he is entitled to high praise: The most important posts in that profession might be safely entrusted lo a domestic taciieiuu ol so niuch resource and versaiility. ls il Utopian lo hope that, an innovation so subversive ot all that ls modest aud womuuly lu oae sex. and of ali thal ia manly aud sell respecting in the other, may not be allowed to spread ? And spread lt must, unless fashiona? ble society, in a spasm of returning propriety, agrees to brand the career of a Handsome Harpy as disreputable. It is not the immodest greed of frivolous women which sap3. the morals of Belgravia, but the countenance which they find" in the high places of society, and the culpable toleration ex. ended to them by their own sex. A halo of prestige surrounds the Handsome Harpy. FEMININE GOSSIP is busy with her marvellous toilets; to the easy? going throng she ls one ol the amusements of the town. Great ladies affect to regard ber proceedings with horror, but they admit her lo their salons nevertheless. Tue virtuous duchesses who compose.ihe Extreme Bight of society may plume themselves on ignoring her existence, but the laxer drawing-fooms of the Centre are hot closed to the representatives of the Extreme Loft. If the moral tone of soci? ety were more elevated; such a career as hers, combining the sweets ot' the ileuii-monde with the social Privileges of respectability, wouid be impossible. lu herself, the Handsome Har? py may be merely a fresh illustration of Pope's sarcasm, that every woman is at heart a rake. Bnt taken as an index of her moral-surround? ings, she acquires a nev/ significance of evil augury to the class from "?hom her admirers are recruited. THE S AV AN S JU KEG ATTA. The Eleanor, of Charltvton. Winns the Race. "SPECIAL TEI.EGKAM TO TUE NEWS.] SAVANNAH. Hay. 30. 'The graud regatta came off to-day according to promise. The Charleston yacht Eleanor, sailed by a picked crew of Charleston ama? teurs, was the winner, coming in just nine minutes ahead of her closest competitor. She will bring home the prize. VICTOR Euao KICKED OUT OE BEL? GIUM. BRUSSELS, May 30. Il is announced in the Belgian Senate that Victor Hugo's recent letter is regarded as compromising the Belgium Government, and requested Hugo to leave tile connlpy. Hugo relused to depart, whereupon, on the King's decree, his departure was enforced. LONDON, May 30. Victor Hu?o, being driven from Belgium, is coming to London. THE NEW TOBK CO TION EXCHANGE. NEW YORK, May 30. The Cotton Exchange held their annual meeting to-day. The annual report stales that the Bales from September 19 to May 28 were ?57,34C bales, besides contracts lor'fTiture de? livery for 198,425 bales, a large portion ol which was not officially reported. The Hanover building has been purchased as the headquarters of the Exchange. A com? mittee was appointed to nominate officers for the ensuing year. ? EARTHQUAKE IN THE EAST. . . SINGAPORE, May 25. A volcanic ?ruption and earthquake has shaken the Island of Rna. and ihe country was terribly devastated. Four hundred 'ires were ?cst. * TH JE URIONDEAD. 4 WASHINGTON, May 30. The Departments are closed lor the decora* lion of the soldiers' graves. A WESTERN WONDER. Cliicago's Great Stock Yard. Chicago has once again astonished the world with a first-class novelty: a mammoth .Stock Yard," ahead of anything of the sort ?ver conceived out of that enterprising vi! age. The '-Union Stock Yard**-half an hour by ?ail from the centre ef the city-contains three Kindred and forty-five acres, and has a capaci? ty for 21,000 head of cattle. 75,000 hogs, and 22.000 sheep, with stalls for 350 horses, In a'.!, .borenore, for 118,350 animals; and when all the ground ls covered with pens, lt will accom? modate 210,000 head ol'callie. The Billowing figures may convey some faint idea of the extent of this novel enterprise, and Lhe amount of work it involved-most of which was accomplished within thc last six months: There are 35 miles of under-drainage; 10 miles of streets- and alleys, all paved with wood; 3 miles ot water troughs; 10 miles ol leed troughs; 2300 gates*; 1500 open pens, heavily lenced in with double plank, nailed to stout and frequent posts; SOO covered sheds for hogs and sheep; 22,000,000 leet of lumber were used on these structures, and 500,000 pounds pf nails; 17 miles of railroad track, with ?JO switch? es and frogs, connect every railroad which runs into Chicago with the stockyard by a special track. The water is supplied by artesian wells, jd&g one to the depth of 1032 feet, aud another tb the depth of 1190 feet. These send water imo tanks 45 feet high, whence it is distributed in all the pens and" sheds, there being a hydrant in each of th?se. The water can be shutoff from any or all of the divisions at pleasure, and to guard against loss by fire, fourteen fire? plugs are distributed over the grounds, and oue thousand feet of three-inch hose are at hand. But the strangest story lo me was to fiad this stock yard a complete little World out? sell. It has, of course, a large resident popu? lation; /rom one hundred aud'seventy-fiveto two hundred men are constantly employed by the company, who lake charge of the animals as they are unloaded from the cars, which mn into ihe streets between the pens. To ac? commodate its own servants, numerous cot? tages have been built;but to accommodate the drovers, and the buyer? and sellers, a large hotel, substantially built'of brick, and. com? plete in every detail of a hotel, is found on the ground. Nor is ihls all-there ls a roomy ex? change office, and -telegraph lines to all paris of the country; a bank, and, of course, this being in the United Slates-a newspaper, the Chicago Sun, published daily, so it asserts, at the "Union stock Yard" and Hie organ ol tile dealers in ca1 ile, hogs and sheep. To complete this inventory, there is a town hall for public meetings, a church well attend? ed, a Sunday school, and aa excellent daj school. The company has in a single day received, penned. led, watered, and taken account ol 41,000 hogs, 3000 ca? lie, and 2000 sheep, with? out lhe least delay or confusion; and again, oa another day. received 5*13 head ol b*eve<. The whole enterprise has cost, so fur, $1,575, 000-a marvel of cheapness. Chicago is a great distributing centre for cattle, hogs and sheep.' By ten different rail? roads tlu-y are brought hither, to be sent ot!" again eastward or killed anti cured here. Ia pork-pack i ai: Chicago threatens to leave Cin? cinnati lar behind; and in 1BG0, 403,102 head cf cattle, 1,661,809 hogs, and 340,072 sheep, w ?re brought hither. It is surely something good to know that these immense droves bf animals are kindl* treated, comfortably lodged and fed, while they remain in this stock-yard; that a business too often conducted with needless brutality is here managed qnietlvand humanely, and that even the good Mr. Bergh could find no fault with the arrangements or with the conduct of the men who have these creatures In charge. In the arrangements ol' the streets and-pens, care has been taken lo make driving an easy task. The cattle have narrow lanes to pass through; all the streets are double, and ihe two parts are separated by high and tolerably close fences, so that cattle, un their way tc and from the cars, are not worried, but easily and surely directed and moved. STERN RETRIBUTION ! TBE COMMUNE EXPIA. TI S' O ITS AW? FUL CRIMES. Tin |S nm mai y Trial of l tic InnorgcnAs Arson'and Assassination Appreliend etl-The Orleans Princes Allowed lo Live In Prance-Tuc Soldier? Feted hy? the Citizens-Victor Hugo*? House at Brussels Stoned-Thc Murdered Priests to Lie in State. VERSAILLES. May 29. Alter a desperate and bloody conflict the government forces succeeded in capturing the insurgent positions at Belleville aad Pere la Chaise late last night. Firing then ceased, and this morning our troops advancing on one I position yet held by the Commune, the insur? gents hoisted the white flag and surrendered. They were i II mediately disarmed, and the great rebellion of Paris of 1871 had ended. The third and eight li regiment of the line, be? longing to McMahon's troops, returned to Ver? sailles in triumph,- the men having flowers and branches in the muzzles of their rifles, and bearing also magnificent banners of red silk captured from the Communists. Delesclnze, delegate Minister of 'War un? der the Commune, was shot by his guards and instantly killed last night in attempting to escape. The trials o? thc Communist leaders taken alive will commence during the present week. Conviction is inevitable, and everyone will' suffer death. PARIS, May 30. Only the 5th, 14th and ICth Arrondissements, and the Belleville and Vilettc quarters remain under military occupation. Toe city is calm, and the discipline ol the army admirable. VERSAILLES, May 30. The Inhabitants of Belleville have openly an nounced'th?t they will mak-reprisals. A se? cret system ol arson and assassination is ap? prehended. There are constant discoveries ol stores of petroleum In Paris. The insurgents in Fort Vincennes surrendered uncondition? ally. The Gaulois announces that the Orleans Princes will be allowed to live in France. Thiers ha3 ordered thc disarmament of Paris and the dissolution of the Natlotial Guards In the Department of the Seine. McMahon'has issued a congratulatory proclamation to the army. Paris is trasquil. Trade already .shows signs of reviving. The soldiers are feted by the inhabitants. Arrests of insurgents* con? tinue. Favre .and Simon are likely to be replaced in the ministries of foreign affairs and public instruction. The Bavarian general commanding at Cham pigny has asked passports for Insurgent officers captured' by his troops at Vincennes, and was referred by General Vi noy, as an answer, to the text of th?> peace convention. LONDON, May 30. The Daily News strj's trains for Paris run to? morrow. The people of Brussels smashed the windows of Victor Hugo's house. The police now guard the house. A proclamation from McMahon to the people pf Pari3 announces their deliverance from the Communiste, ami thu! ortW>r. -"ieurity and labor are about being re-established. fJeneral LaCecllia, who fled to Vincennes, has surren? dered. The Paris journals demand a cessa? tion ol summary executions. Ti.e murdered priests will lie in stale for a wce'-c. All mem? bers of the Commune, except Pyalt and Grous sett, have been killed or captured. The na? tional archives, national library, national arsenal, and the museum of the Louvre, are safe. The manufactory ol' Gobelin's carpets 'and.the Observatorio are badly datqaged. BRUSSE:/?, May 29. The Echd?'.>f Parliament reports that Hie Germans 'hare seized letters' from leading members of the Paris Commune, disclosing a conspiracy against the Government of Bel? gium. The plot had been formed for the In? surgents escaping from Paris lo Brussels, where the Radical movement wa* to be con? tinued. Insurrection was to be iccitecl. br? ild ings seton .".re and the horrors ol Paris re? peated." " BERNE, May 29. The Swiss Feueral Council, alter consider? ing Favre's dispatch with relation to the ex? tradition of Communist refugees, decided that investigation must be had iu each case, and only those refugees are to be delivered over to the French authorities who are proved guilty ol ordinary crime. A SHOCKING STORT. The Dentil of Thomas Barle in the Wur ctner. 9Xa.M., Insane Asylum-Another Instance of Domestic SUcot-il Caused by Sprltnallsm and Free-Loving. [Corre?pcniknce'of the New Yore Herald.! WORCESTER, MASS., May 27. In this city lue event ol the houris the death and burial bf Thomas Earle, thus closing the lust scene of a painful domestic drama, pro? tracted in duration, highly sensational Jn character, and most tragic in its ending. Most readers will have forgotten the salient points of this remarkable case, which are partially revived by the death ol' Mr. Earle, a mun once prominent in business circles and moving in the first society ol'conservative New England. Thomas Earle was married In 1849 to Alice Chase, of Salem. Ten year3 of happiness were accorded io the couple, who, to all appear? ances, were most loving, and liberally endow- ; ed wlih all the substantial and luxurious ap? pointments ol life following success lu business , and the accumulation of wealth. AFTER THK BIRTH OF TUE.LAST CHILI), Thomas, born in 1S59, Mrs. Earle se^ms to have become subject to a strange hallucina? tion, showing itself in a marked dislike for the society ol' lier husband, which became in? tensified through the influence of SPIRITUAL DOCTRINES:, which taught her disordered imagination that a way to soulful peace might be. l'ctind in the society of a dark-haired affinity. Accordingly we find a number of compassionate gentle? men, of the kind always waiting round for chances of usefulness, visiting here and there, writing notes and practicing magnetism, while tie husband is away at the wai- during the year I8C1. In the snit for ad'i.lety that natu? rally follows as a sequence, a social and select crowd ol' high-toned and liberal-minded ladies aud gentlemen are'seen figuring on the car? pet, among whom MKS. EARLE WAS PKOillNE.VT as indicated by thc evidence or. the trial for adultery instituted by Mr. Earle in 1SG5. It was not reported or published at the time, through the influence ot Mr. Earle, who desir? ed to spare his wife the shame and lils child? ren the disgrace which he undoubtedly had the power of inflicting. The MILK.AND WATtR PROSECUTION thus conducted gave all the vantage to the wo? man, who used her wealth and. influence to . avert the consequences of her delusion. From subsequent developments no doubt remains that had the trial been a public one justice would have been influenced to a more impar? tial decision. Some time previous to the trial ot 1865, Mrs. Earle had deserted her husband and family and returned to her native place, where she still resides. Being possessed of about seventy-five thousand dollars in her own right, she had no trouble in procuring friends to"war upon her husband, who clearly gave her the advantage in accepting a divorce on any ground other than that of adultery, which would have made all her future attempts to obtain possession ?t the children fruitless. AFTER THE DESERTION OF TUB MOTHER, Mr. Ear?e procured an estimable lady to live lu his family and care for the children. Becom? ing endeared to the children, and consulting only their happiness, Mr. Earle. eventually married Miss Coleman, his housekeeper, shori . Jy after the decree of divorce was granted for desertion, about two years ago. Previous to tliis, however. Mr. Earle had spent a year in Europe for his health, during which Mrs. Earle had Taken Hie children to Salem. On his return to Worcester, the father's firs; care "was to purchase and furnish a handsome residence, where he provided for his latniiy in good style, living happy, the children with him, and preferring ihelr reconstructed hom.; to that ol'the'estranged mother. Then commenced suits*forthe possession or the children, finally so adjudged in lavor of Mrs. Earle as to take from the fallier the two youngest, WHO WERE TORN FROM THE HOUSE by force.sbrieklng and struggling ineffectually. This affected the sensitive aud delicate mental organization of the lather to that degree thac he been me no longer responsible for his acts, and. while In a stale of delirium, he went to Salem io effect their, rescue, being defeated uuii repulsed with so much of violence that ho became a raving maniac, dying on the 24th instaat, at the Insane Retreat at Worcester, iu the forty-eighth y?ar of bte age. THE HEARTLESSNESS . OF THE* DIVORCED WIFF and her advisers in refusing the dying man ?. sight of his children on Iiis deatb-bed.notwlth standing the assurances of the attending phy? sician of his condition, supplemented by a re? fusal to permit their attendance at the funeral In response to a courteous note from Mr. ' Earle's brothers, one of whom is Mayor of tho eily, is a theme of Indignant comment la all circles. THE STATE LUNATIC ASYLUM, \ Vindication of its Management under tue Sew Regime. Tile Keowee (Walhalla) Courier, speaking of the State Lunatic Asylum, says: The removal of Dr? Parker, as superin? tendent and physician of this Institution, ex . sited much dissatisfaction. His high medical itiuininenls and long experience render bim.. ID the public mind, eminently- flt to continue tho control and treatment of the unfortunate clasB who necessarily become inmates Much was spoken and written which time and reflection would have shown to have been . unjust. All persons, whether physicians or unprofessionals, who nave visited the institu? tion underits present management, bave tes titled to the efficiency of the present superin? tendent, Dr. Ensor, succeeding the able and respected Dr. Parker. He has,-by a course o-: uniform kindness, couverte! censure into re? spect and commendation, and established a reputation for ability worthy of the State ano the Institution. We visited and were shown over the entire building while in- Columbia, ttnd found, lt scrupulously neat in every re? spect, and the Inmates weil provided with clean and comfortable clothing. One Ihln' we particularly noticed, which was the pleas? ure the unfortunates manifested at meeting the superintendent. He seems' to take every interest in their welfare, and they appear lo love and respect him as a child would a parent. Dr. fjloan, son of Colonel John T. Sloan, is as? sistant physician.. We make these statement;, that those who have friends or relatives inuhe instltutlon may entertain no fear as to their kind treatment.. We have seen with our eyes, aud will be ill Ul (kilt to convince that the bes:. Interests of this unfortunate class ure nut fully aud carefully promoted by Dr. Ensor. In the same strain a correspondent of the Anderson Intelligencer, himself a physician of eminent repute, writes: On a recent visit to Columbia, through tho courtesy and polit? tut'"111"*?, nt N? H.Hw* superintendent of the Asylum, aud his assis? tant, Dr. Henry Sloau, (who, by the way, is r natjve of our county, the son of Colonel John T. Sloan.) Thad the opportunity of luspectlug the Lunatic Asylum, and was so much plenset' that I cannot refrain from saying that the In? stitution, In my opinion, is managed as well as it could be. under existing arrangements. Everything is scrupulously clean and neat, and Dr. Ensor tfppears to have a peculiar adap? tation lo his charge, lu the two days I visited the Asylum, J did not see a single inmate in a bad humor.' 1 saw and con? versed with most of ibo Inmates from this portion ol' the State. I lound one eDjoylng a game ol billiards, and another amusing him? self working in the flower garden. 1 under? stand that a liberal appropriation was made by the last Legislature to extend the building, whicli ls an absolute necessity, and thal another appropriation will be made as early as practicable to renew the furniture, &c. which will add greatly to the comfort of the patients. I am satisfied ll our people could but visit this Institution under Its present management, no complaint would be uttered as to any money necessary to alleviate and re?tore this afflicted portion of our people. 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