Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE CAROLINA OF TO-DAY !
VI ? WS OF A GENTLEMAN OF THE
Poverty off the Old, Planters- Cotton
Planting Unprofitable-Indolence of
thc Negroes-Their Destiny- Fuiore off
The correspondent o? the New York Tribune
writes from Charleston nader date o: the 19th
I met yesterday a good specimen of the old
school South Carolina gentleman-a man of
about sixty, tall and well built, dressed with
scrupulous care, and havine a dignified bear
lng and a couctesy of speech". This gentleman
entertained me for an hour with a conversa?
tion upon the condition ol affairs in this bt^te
that showed a freedom from prejudice, and a
disposition to forget the past aud make, the best
of things as they exist, that is seldom evinced
by people ol bis class. He was ior ten years a
member of Congress, and formerly owned
what was called a model plantation upon the
Savannah River, in Abbeville District. His
plantation was one of that kind that used to be
shown to Northern travellers as" a prorr of the
benign character of the institution of slavery,
where all the slaves were robust and
healthy, well-clad, well-fed, comfortably
sheltered, and apparently enjoying a high
degree of happiness. He said that since
JL the surrender he had become poor, and
m had taken to the practice of the law to earn a
r living. My acquaintance, whom I shall call
the colonel, gave me an account of the pov?
erty ol most of the proud old families in the
middle and upper districts of the State, men?
tioning them all by name, with a description
ot their former ai??uence and their present in?
digence. One ol his illustrations of their
changed circumstances was particularly
striking. "These gentlemen,'" he said, "In
the old" time would never drink brandy that
was less than thirty years old, and now they
can alford nothing better than the meanest
corn whiskey." "Bu* bow can they be so
poor when they still own large tracts ?i land ?
Why don't they sell a portion of their estates V
I asked. "Because nobody wants to buy. The
land, ls a bord* "o them. They cannot get
accustomed to. new labor system, and
many of them, when their cotton ls sold at
the end ot the year, fad themselves poorer
than when they began, and only "deeper,in
debt after a year's hard work. The plant?
ers have been mined by cultivating colton
exclusively aud neglecting ali the food crops.
In my district I am well acquainted with ali
the planters. I do not know one who has
made anything the past year, and I can call to
mind a number who have each lost several
hundred' dollars. They planted with the ex
pectation that cotton would sell for 25 cents a
pound, and when they had brought their crops
to market they could only obtain 14 or 13
cents, and could not pay their expenses with
the proceeds." The colonel said that, previous
to 1860, lt was considered discreditable for a
planter not to raise all the corn be needed for
use on his place, but now there were many
who did not plant an acre. The cause of this
mistaken policy, he thought, was the great
need ol money, and the expectations rnlsed by
the high price that cotton brought alter the
war. This year he had observed that a much
larger area ol corn bad been planted. . He did
not think that the corn was stolen in the fields
to so great an extent as to deter the planters
from cultivating it, as others had represented
to me. "*
Three systems of labor prevail.9One is fqr
the planter to hire his workmen, paying them
monthly Wages of from SC to SS, and giving
them an allowance ol corn meal and bacon, ai
cabin, and a garden patch. Another U to give
the laborer one-third ol* the crop, thc planier
?providing seed, fertilizer?, tools and animais.
The third system is ior the laborer to furnish
everything exceptrYertiiizers, and receive one
halt the crop. The last two systems are much
preferred by the negroes, and are the most
used in practice; but even these systems, the
colonel said, do not afford sufficient incentive
to the negroes to be industrious, and, as a
consequence, the result often proves unprotit
ahjo to the planter and to the laborer. He
^q?|ared that the negroes aro, as a class, lazy
aW thriftless, working only when driven to lt
by necessity. "You draw false conclusions,"
lie said, "about the industry of the ne^rn | i
from the amount of the cotton crop produced
in.t*^3omh last year. I have snowc you how
ImslrTis done by an almost total neglect ol
the provision crops, and that the result has
been disastrous. I do not believe that the
' total value of the agricultural productions ol
lhs>South ior 1S70 will equal the average value
ot* the nroductions during the ten years pre
.?ceding'the war. In other words, I am conti
dent that Ihe netrro is not producing as much
now as he did under the slave system. He is
not industrious by nature. He will work hard '
for of?? day, and then spend two in hunting, | .
fishing or idling, about the. nearest town,
iting thus but one acre, where, with con
it industry, he might plant three." I told
colonel that I had observed in Columbia
Anderson and Greenville that a number of
colored mtn had bought lots and built com
fortable houses, thus giving evidence of habits
ol Industry and economy. These, he thought,
were exceptional instances. They were the
mechanics ot the towns, trained to steady
labor from boyhood. The vast majority of the
colored people ot ihe State barely lived from
hand to mouth, he said.
The colonel thought that the A/rican race
would soon become extinct in all the conntry,
with the ?exception, perhaps, of ihe hot,
marshy seaboard, where ihe white race would
not come into competition with it. According
to his observation, the mortality among tho
negroes had greatly Increased since they were
emancipated, and this increase resulted from
Insufficient food anti clothing, poor sheller
and carelessness and lack bf judgment in
tending the yoting and nursing the sick. Pul?
monary complaints, formerly almost unknown,
had become prevalent and fatal. Ho discuss?
ed Darwin's theory o? ihe struggle ior life, and
maintained that its truth would be strikingly
. illustrated on this continent by the gradual
disappearance ol the negroes, who, now that
they are brought into active comp?tition with
the whites, must inevitably perish according
to the law ol nature, which preserves only the
strong and vigorous races. "In the days ot
" slavery," he said, "it was for the interest ol'
the white men that the negroes should in?
crease in numbers. There was, therefore, no
struL'gie between the two races; the stronger,
on the contrary, aided anti protected the weak?
er. Now, the case is changed: and, with all
the feeling of kindness we have ior the ne?
groes, and our unwillingness to see them suf
tcr, the aggressive energy of the Anglo Sax?
on race will push them out ol existence.-""
TUfrcoloneL thought that, as the negro race
disappeared, a new and vigorous e'vilizition
would spring np in the South that would lead
the world. He believed that all ihe elements
of such a civilization exist in the Southern
character, the remarkable power and enersy
of which were fully proved by the war. "We
arc not an indolent, enervated people, as many
al the North imagine," he said, "and we de?
monstrated during the war Ihe immense exer?
tions ol'which we are capable. When thts en?
ergy, industry and Intelligence which we pos?
sess are brought into 1 "til 1 play in developing
our industrial resources, we will make the
South the garden of the world. Murk my pro?
phesy." The colonel's urey eyes shone with
enthusiasm while making th's prediction. He
gave mn an interesting but sail account ol the
decay ot the old proud families liiat. once lord?
ed il on ihe sea Islands,spend:mr the summers
at tne Virginia springs and the Northern
watering-places, and iivlug the rest of the year
upon their estates in priucely style, ealing thc
finest game, drinking the rarest wiues, and
dispensing at all times a majtnifJceut. hospitali?
ty. Many" ol ihese families have entirely dis?
appeared, and nearly all are reduced to pov?
erty. They lost both slaves and lands. Their
line mansions have been destroyed orare min?
ed and deserted, raDk weeds obscure all traces
of their once beautilul gardens, and they them?
selves are outcasts and wanderers, reduced in
many cases to the station ol common laborers.
They were an enervated and effeminate race,
these sea island planters, he said, not intelli?
gent, although highly .educated, and when
they lost their property they gave up in de?
spair, made no attempt j.o maintain their so?
cial position, ?nd sank out ol sight among the
lower classes. It was different with the first
families of the up-country. Althotigu great
l08er?by the war. they are hard at work, under
grew discouragements and embarrassments.
?bey try to retrieve their fortunes, ?ind still
maintain much of their former position anti
JEFFERSON DAVIS IN ATLANTA
H?> Accepts .Vothine.'hut Shakes Hands
Mr. Davis was enthusiastically received in
Allanta on Saturday. At night, a welcoming
speech was delivered at the Kimball House by
General Carlington, about two thousand per?
sons attending. In response, according to tte
Era, Mr. Davis said, snbstactially:
Looking down upon the honest laces before
him, he experienced ? peculiar pleasure as he
realized the fact tbat tho complimentary tri?
bute paid to aiin was au expression of senti?
ment on ino part of the people ol Georgia.
Georgia had a proud record. BeglnniDg*with
Oglethorpe,* and glancing rapidly at the old
Colonial times, the speaker remarked that ihe
principles l'or.wbicb Georgians fought in the
late war bei ween ihe State3were the 6amc
they contended for in the revolution of 3770,
and in Ibe war ol* 1812. He felt animated and
sustained by the conviction that Georgia
would yet recover her ancient liberties and
be a great, prosperous and sovereign Sta* ?
When first ?ie saw Atlanta IL was simply au
old field of st ibbie. Again be saw it just after
th? Federal army had swept over lt. making
their course by a vandalism iar blacker than
anything that bad ever stained the fair fame
of Turenne as a soldier. A third time he saw
lt, and then the blackened ruins had disap?
peared; the evidences ol' desolation irad been
swept away to make room for the stately struc?
tures which now ornament the city. DwelliDg
at some ienntb upon the enterprise and eneigy
displayed by the people ol Georgia, undeu so
many adverse circumstance-:, the speaker al?
luded to ihe important work which the yoting
men of ihe State hnd before them. He did
not propose to discuss politics. He had
shaken bands with politics, and had done
witli them forever. He trusted that every
one in the i.udlence would agree with htm
ou that point. But while he did not care
to make a political speech, he felt that he
ought to express one or two opinions in refer?
ence to the jest policy to be pursued by ihe
South. He r'ilerred only to the present-thc
future might take care ol Itself. He dared not
say all that be would. It would be used against
the Southern people, and ihey would be com?
pelled to bear the responsibility ol his utter?
ances. Thej'? was a good deal ol' talk about
"accepting tte situation," but, as ?ar as be was
concerned", hi* would "a'cept nothing !" These
miserable phrases about -'accepting the situa?
tion" because our rights had been submitted
lo the arbitrament of the sword and lest,
were the exc ises ol' dimces and cowards. No
one bas a right lo submit the liberties of a
people to itie arbitrament of the sword.
Trie representatives of the Southern peoole
had never be?n authorized to do anything ol'
the kiud. A3 their chief executive, be bad
never been so authorized, nor did he ever
claim to be.' He did not like to bc understood
as advocatin-.: resistance. On the contrary, be
counselled submission to existing laws. He
knew very v.-eli that the conquerer wa3too
powerful to be successfully resisted by the
South. It WES the duty of Georgia, and bf the
other Southern States, to keep aloof i rora
politics, and to.attend to the development ot
their Internal resources. This was all that
could be done at present. It was useless for
the South to attempt to take a controlling
part in the politics ol the country. As matters
now stand s.ich action would only delay the
day ol deliverance. He was firmly convinced,
and intended to live and die believing mat
Georgia and lier sister States would again be
prosperous, free and sovereign. Unless tills
was again the case, the Republic was a failure.
But there were great numbers o? freemen In
Hie North who sympathized with us. They
would never submit to be deprived of their
l?benles, and when tney felt ihe danger at
home they would then need the aid of the
South. Thus, by quietly holding aloof, Ibe
South could become a political balance ot
power on this continent. This desirnble result
would be accomplished by waiting until they
livided at the North, and theu it wouid be Hie
policy ot tho South to act with the party hav?
ing the best candidate and Hie best platform.
Ia conclusion, Mr. Davis made a few rm-'
incrous remarks about the life insurauce busi?
ness. He preferred lo discuss that Instead ol'
politics, lt would ufford Him pleasure to in?
jure the life o:* every man present, and guar
mtee one hundred years existence. Again
expressing to his audience bis heartfelt ap?
preciation of ihe detnonslraiiou in his honor,
Mr. Davis bade them "?.?oo-i night,*1 and re?
tired amidst enthusiastic cheering.
LARGE FIRE IN MOBILE.
MoLiLEf? May 30.
There was a destructive lire here last night,
un St. Frances street. Maguire, Blackwood ft
Do.'s wholesale drug store, where it orginat
id, G. A. Arnold's hat store, and John Reid &
3o.'s wholesale dry goods store, also on east
side ol* Water 6treet, J. C. Dubose & Co.'s
wholesale drug store, J. E. Sherman & Co.'s
stationery store, aud H. Bernstein's shoe store,
md on west side M. Simon A Bro.'s clothing
store, were totally destroyed. Kennedy,
Lyons & Co.'j wholesale dry goode store,.N.
Smith & Co.'s boot and. shoe store, F. Wil
.lams's saddle store, Bidgoods's bookstore, the
Commercial National Bank building, and N.
Webb's crockery store, are badly damaged.
Loss over $300,000.
TBE BIGAMOUS BOWEN.
WASHINGTON, Muy 2Q.
The Bowen Digamy case prosecution proved
Bowen's marriage to Miss Hick?. The defence
preseuted the decree ol the New York Su?
preme Court, dated-May, 18C5, divorcing C. C.
Bowen from ? Frances Bowen. Judge Oliu
thought, il th'.' defendant was not a citizen ol
Sew York, ar.cl ran away from ibis woman
when the war was going on, aud obtained ibo
decree, that the publication was vcid. He
wished to be satisfied on ihe points wbelher
such p/.blication was void, aud whether or
not there was lraud. He .would like to hear
limber argument. The jurors were sent to
the Continental Hotel, and the court ad?
AUSTXtIA AND AMERICA.
VIENNA, May 20.
The natura'ization treaty between Austria
and the United Si ates, signed by Beast and
,'uy last September, has been ratified by ihe
Keicbsrath, -atid will be submitted io thc Hun-'
yarian Diet on the 25th of June. Twelve
months are allowed by the treaty !or exchange
CONGRESS I'S. THE CONSTITUI ION,
INDIANAPOLIS, May HO.
The Milligan case has gone to the jury. The
judge, charging the jury, sustains Hie prohibi?
tion of inc coastituiiou as declared by tbe Su?
preme Coartas overruling Gen. dorey's acts,
though Sustained by federal executive approv?
al or supported by Congressional enactment.
The judge, however, recognized lae right of
Congress to limit the time for righting wrongs.
Jury were ordered to return a sealed verdict.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
, WASHINGTON, May 30.
It is probable that a slight rain will continue
for a short lime on the New England coast,
and also lull ia portions of Virginia and Penn?
sylvania. Partially cloudy weather and light
southeast and southwest winds will prevail on
Wednesday east of the Mississippi River, and
on the Gulf.
SPECIE FOR EUROPE.
NEW YORK, .May 30.
Tiie specie ?liipment to-day was three hun?
dred and eighty thousand dollars.
THE HANDSOME HARPY.
WHO ASH WHAT SHH IS, AND HOW
SHE PLIES HER VOCATION.
'.Tlie Uhlan of Society."
[Fror* thc Saturday Review.]
The Handsome Harpy is the Uhlan of soci?
ety. She is as Pitiless in her exactions as her
renowned Prussian analogue. Her victim Is
not a French commune, but a wealthy adorer;
and her booty not barn-door fowls and cigars,
but dress, dinners and diamonds. She can not
appeal to the rights of war in excuse lor her
rapacity, lor her victim is her own familiar
lrlend; but at least she can plead the cris*om of
Ihe dem'-7noncie, whose greed she imitates. For
some time the Harpies within the Pale have
envied the cood fortune of the Harpies out?
side lt. They nave seen.' With growing dis?
content, a variety ol good things falling-into
the laps of their rivals, and nave fretted st the
.crupi? which debarred them from profiting by
it in their turn. Why should Anonyma'alone
enact ihe part of the" modern Danae, and they
be excluded by a stupid cliquet'e from-a share
in t he golden .shower? At last their impatience
has culminated in a bole!" resolution lo be bound
by no such restraints In. future. They have
proclaimed the natuml right of fascinating wo?
man to live by her fascinations. The result is
(bat a new aud formidable danger has begun
to be- added to the many which environ our
gilded youth. .What the Circe o? Wapp'ng.ls
to Hie ingenuous Jae1: ashore, that the Hand?
some Harpy is to the Eldest Sou. He ls lured
to her side, and then pillaged. Lord Chester?
field never foresaw the day, or he would have
given his soc very diff?rent counsel, when a
FLIRTATION' WITH A WOMAN J3F FASHION'
would become one of the most ruinous luxu?
ries in which a young man of fortune could
indulge. Tc is during the London season that
the Handsome Harpy is busiest. Requisl'lons
are.then at their height. Ascot, Epsom,
Greenwich, Richmond, each is in luru the
scene ol' thom. Somelimes, to press less
heavily on a single -adorer, the Handsome
Harpy apportions the expense of her small
pleasures atnong a whole circle. One man
provides herop-?ra box: another her riding
horses; upon the third is devolved the costly
privilege of paying her milliner's bill; while .a
kmrth loads ihe tables ol her pretty salon with
china and vertu. Then, when the season is
over, glutted with spoils, she daps ber wings
and lakes to flight, to pluck some especially
pjunip pigeon, ieaiher by feather, without
fear ot interruption, oa the coasts of Norway,
or to forage iu Soonish castles lu quest of new
prey. In October the Handsome Harpies be
gin'io reappear In Loudon hungrier than ever.
You may see them on thelr'perches al the
theatre?, pluming themselves ou their autum?
nal exploils, and; with fresh lustre in their
cruel eyes, prepariug io flesh their talons on a
new assortment of spoonies.
But who aud wliat is a Handsome Harpy ?
Simply a young matron who has mistaken her
vocation. Had she remained single, or mar?
ried under a happier siar, the predatory in?
stinct lu her bosom would never have attained
such alarming proportions. In the one case lt'
might have been subdued by the conjugal and
maternal instincts, and In the other it would
probably never have exceeded Hie bounds' of
that petty pilfering which is excusable in an
old maid. As it ls, marriage has exasperated
her acquisitiveness. She regards it as a state
ol life allowed in Scripture which lends itself
conveniently to practices, which, to say the
least, are not exactly Scriptural. To her, home
aud Us endearmenis are us a lale told by an
idiot. Novision of children lisping their sire's
return, or pleading lor morning bounties irom
a mother's hand, disturbs the even tenor of
lier mercenary musings. All the plums, me
laphorical as well as confectionery, are strictly
reserved for herself. Her husband ls a dum?
my; her children are Invisible. Linked for
A T?hr.'D KRIUELE,
willi the tastes ol a mininer and the soul of a
city alderman, she must amuse herself abroad
or die of ennui. From a distraction flirting
has become her business. Once lhere was u
dash ia her flirtations. There was a time when
?bc figured as lue barrack beauty ol a garrison
town," and gave free play to thai weakness for !
Hie military which the Grand Duchess of Ge?
rolstein so ?andully avows. Even in thal early
stage ol' her married life ihe tongues of local
gossips were set wagglDg by ihe ireedom willi
which she raced about the country wi!h a
posse of youag ensigns. Having graduated
will, so much distinction in this local school of
Cupid, slit- boldly resolved to>eDlarge the hor- ,
izon of her gallantries, and euter the lists willi
the friskiest of frisky matrons. In London the
buxom charms which the young ensigns found <
so irresistible have been toned down to satisfy ?
the more critical eye of fastidious guards?
men aud self-complacent dandles. A .more
delicate pink suffuses .her cheek; a new hud ?
goidc? gleam plays over her tresses. This i
singular development ol beamy entails a '
correspond I n? development ol' wealth, fiul 1
Dummy's income ls limited. If he is capa- 1
ble ol feeling a dislike, it ls the dislike ol |
paying his wile's bills. Pinched for means ,
io gratify her unbridled ext ravagnnce, our 1
heroine has been lorced to joiu ihe raaks of I
Hie Associated Harpies. Henceforward Jiir
.latiou has become self-supporting, uot lo say ,
lucrative. He who flirts must pay. She
sm'ues for ..onsiderallou, and Is cap? ?vating 1
for value received. There is a graduated .
tariff lor tokeus ol' ber regard, from a passing .
daltiuuce lo a
Sentiment, even. f?lCh sentiment as the
rowdy young ensigns inspired, has lODg since
dropped um ol the irunsuciiuu. It is simply :
au affair of ihe market. But it is managed
with due ivgard lo tho prejudices o.' society.
The same sort of machinery ibat crops up in
a corrupt borough ls-culled into op?ration.
ls it a iliuuioiul star for her hair ilv.il she cov?
ets 5? Her "man in ihe moon" possesses ua
liiuiled credit at the fashionable jeweller's.
A tli'iy-guiaea dress"? The "mau . in the
nioou" ls equal io Ihe occasion, nuil ihe dell '
fingers ol ?he queen ol' milliners are set;u
motion to gratiiy her wish. It is even
rumored that for the rent of ihe Inshionable
niausioa ia willoh she weaves lier web lor
wealthy noodles, she is beholden to the same
mysterious.but benevolent ageucy. Thus she
has.solved ihe difficult ptobitm of livingul
Ihe'rale of tea lliousuud a year on an income
of oue, without landing lier husband ID bank-?
ruptcy, or even wouuiling his susceptibilities.
But l?ie spectacle of a married womau. dress?
ed, bedecked, amused, and oven housed by the
ilisiuUT"sted generosity ol a eire''- ol' contri?
butory adorers, is one ci ihe c .iositles of
advanced civilization, which, from our grftuii
moiher's point ol view, may fairly be reckoned
with the marvels ol'electricity and steam.
Eveu more astonishing to our grandfathers,
with their stricter notions ol' houor and punc?
tilio, would be the sleek cynicism displayed by
the partuers aud accomplices of these fair
requisllionisis. lt i; alleged by some ol'our
foreigu tallies, .that Englishmen iu the lower
classes are in thc habit of pulling up their
wives to audron, lu fashionable s?>cicly Ihe
practice ol utilizing ihcui is mon: ingenious.
They ure used ?is decoys for rich '.impleious.
Hie matrimonial Galliots satisfied willi u nom?
inal dignity as muster of his own household.'
Bills and invitations run in his name, but the
uun:en ol his wile's maintenance ia luxury
and ol ber personal ailornmeiil is shared
among his very good lrleutls aud croui?s. her
adorers, il may bo true thal our ancestors
did not lake a more elevated view ot the con?
jugal ne mau the husband of to-day. Matri?
monial I'nllios have existed ia all ages ol Hie
world. But a husband who educes himself
U1S W'.' K MAY PLAY THE JACKAL
among her rich acquaintances, aud thereby
case lus pocket, may ue said to have fairly dis?
tanced all former councillors ia Ibe field of
sordid corap.uisaiice. Yet iel us do justice to
the luct which he exhibits in a situation ol'
peculiar delicacy. Oilier husbands have learn?
ed to wink ai liieir wives' louies; he alone has
brought a talent for winking lo ihe perleciion
of a riae ait. li would be difficult lo imagine
a more admirable school for diplomacy than
ihe menage of which he is the Ulular head. A
husband must be an adroll dissembler io see
his wife glittering in jewels not of his giving,
and iu dresses uot of his providing, without
exhibiiiog'lhe faiulesi symptom of surprise or
asking 'one Indiscreet question. Whatever
may .e thought of him as a man, as a diplo?
matist he is entitled to high praise: The most
important posts in that profession might be
safely entrusted lo a domestic taciieiuu ol so
niuch resource and versaiility.
ls il Utopian lo hope that, an innovation so
subversive ot all that ls modest aud womuuly
lu oae sex. and of ali thal ia manly aud sell
respecting in the other, may not be allowed to
spread ? And spread lt must, unless fashiona?
ble society, in a spasm of returning propriety,
agrees to brand the career of a Handsome
Harpy as disreputable. It is not the immodest
greed of frivolous women which sap3. the
morals of Belgravia, but the countenance
which they find" in the high places of society,
and the culpable toleration ex. ended to them
by their own sex. A halo of prestige surrounds
the Handsome Harpy.
is busy with her marvellous toilets; to the easy?
going throng she ls one ol the amusements of
the town. Great ladies affect to regard ber
proceedings with horror, but they admit her
lo their salons nevertheless. Tue virtuous
duchesses who compose.ihe Extreme Bight of
society may plume themselves on ignoring her
existence, but the laxer drawing-fooms of the
Centre are hot closed to the representatives of
the Extreme Loft. If the moral tone of soci?
ety were more elevated; such a career as hers,
combining the sweets ot' the ileuii-monde with
the social Privileges of respectability, wouid
be impossible. lu herself, the Handsome Har?
py may be merely a fresh illustration of Pope's
sarcasm, that every woman is at heart a rake.
Bnt taken as an index of her moral-surround?
ings, she acquires a nev/ significance of evil
augury to the class from "?hom her admirers
THE S AV AN S JU KEG ATTA.
The Eleanor, of Charltvton. Winns the
"SPECIAL TEI.EGKAM TO TUE NEWS.]
SAVANNAH. Hay. 30.
'The graud regatta came off to-day according
to promise. The Charleston yacht Eleanor,
sailed by a picked crew of Charleston ama?
teurs, was the winner, coming in just nine
minutes ahead of her closest competitor. She
will bring home the prize.
VICTOR Euao KICKED OUT OE BEL?
BRUSSELS, May 30.
Il is announced in the Belgian Senate that
Victor Hugo's recent letter is regarded as
compromising the Belgium Government, and
requested Hugo to leave tile connlpy. Hugo
relused to depart, whereupon, on the King's
decree, his departure was enforced.
LONDON, May 30.
Victor Hu?o, being driven from Belgium, is
coming to London.
THE NEW TOBK CO TION EXCHANGE.
NEW YORK, May 30.
The Cotton Exchange held their annual
meeting to-day. The annual report stales that
the Bales from September 19 to May 28 were
?57,34C bales, besides contracts lor'fTiture de?
livery for 198,425 bales, a large portion ol
which was not officially reported.
The Hanover building has been purchased
as the headquarters of the Exchange. A com?
mittee was appointed to nominate officers for
the ensuing year. ?
EARTHQUAKE IN THE EAST. .
. SINGAPORE, May 25.
A volcanic ?ruption and earthquake has
shaken the Island of Rna. and ihe country
was terribly devastated. Four hundred 'ires
were ?cst. *
TH JE URIONDEAD.
4 WASHINGTON, May 30.
The Departments are closed lor the decora*
lion of the soldiers' graves.
A WESTERN WONDER.
Cliicago's Great Stock Yard.
Chicago has once again astonished the
world with a first-class novelty: a mammoth
.Stock Yard," ahead of anything of the sort
?ver conceived out of that enterprising vi!
The '-Union Stock Yard**-half an hour by
?ail from the centre ef the city-contains three
Kindred and forty-five acres, and has a capaci?
ty for 21,000 head of cattle. 75,000 hogs, and
22.000 sheep, with stalls for 350 horses, In a'.!,
.borenore, for 118,350 animals; and when all
the ground ls covered with pens, lt will accom?
modate 210,000 head ol'callie.
The Billowing figures may convey some faint
idea of the extent of this novel enterprise, and
Lhe amount of work it involved-most of
which was accomplished within thc last six
There are 35 miles of under-drainage; 10
miles of streets- and alleys, all paved with
wood; 3 miles ot water troughs; 10 miles ol leed
troughs; 2300 gates*; 1500 open pens, heavily
lenced in with double plank, nailed to stout
and frequent posts; SOO covered sheds for hogs
and sheep; 22,000,000 leet of lumber were used
on these structures, and 500,000 pounds pf
nails; 17 miles of railroad track, with ?JO switch?
es and frogs, connect every railroad which
runs into Chicago with the stockyard by a
The water is supplied by artesian wells, jd&g
one to the depth of 1032 feet, aud another tb
the depth of 1190 feet. These send water imo
tanks 45 feet high, whence it is distributed in
all the pens and" sheds, there being a hydrant
in each of th?se. The water can be shutoff
from any or all of the divisions at pleasure, and
to guard against loss by fire, fourteen fire?
plugs are distributed over the grounds, and
oue thousand feet of three-inch hose are at
But the strangest story lo me was to fiad
this stock yard a complete little World out?
sell. It has, of course, a large resident popu?
lation; /rom one hundred aud'seventy-fiveto
two hundred men are constantly employed by
the company, who lake charge of the animals
as they are unloaded from the cars, which mn
into ihe streets between the pens. To ac?
commodate its own servants, numerous cot?
tages have been built;but to accommodate the
drovers, and the buyer? and sellers, a large
hotel, substantially built'of brick, and. com?
plete in every detail of a hotel, is found on the
ground. Nor is ihls all-there ls a roomy ex?
change office, and -telegraph lines to all paris
of the country; a bank, and, of course, this
being in the United Slates-a newspaper, the
Chicago Sun, published daily, so it asserts, at
the "Union stock Yard" and Hie organ ol
tile dealers in ca1 ile, hogs and sheep.
To complete this inventory, there is a town
hall for public meetings, a church well attend?
ed, a Sunday school, and aa excellent daj
The company has in a single day received,
penned. led, watered, and taken account ol
41,000 hogs, 3000 ca? lie, and 2000 sheep, with?
out lhe least delay or confusion; and again, oa
another day. received 5*13 head ol b*eve<.
The whole enterprise has cost, so fur, $1,575,
000-a marvel of cheapness.
Chicago is a great distributing centre for
cattle, hogs and sheep.' By ten different rail?
roads tlu-y are brought hither, to be sent ot!"
again eastward or killed anti cured here. Ia
pork-pack i ai: Chicago threatens to leave Cin?
cinnati lar behind; and in 1BG0, 403,102 head cf
cattle, 1,661,809 hogs, and 340,072 sheep, w ?re
It is surely something good to know that
these immense droves bf animals are kindl*
treated, comfortably lodged and fed, while
they remain in this stock-yard; that a business
too often conducted with needless brutality is
here managed qnietlvand humanely, and that
even the good Mr. Bergh could find no fault
with the arrangements or with the conduct of
the men who have these creatures In charge.
In the arrangements ol' the streets and-pens,
care has been taken lo make driving an easy
task. The cattle have narrow lanes to pass
through; all the streets are double, and ihe
two parts are separated by high and tolerably
close fences, so that cattle, un their way tc
and from the cars, are not worried, but easily
and surely directed and moved.
STERN RETRIBUTION !
TBE COMMUNE EXPIA. TI S' O ITS AW?
Tin |S nm mai y Trial of l tic InnorgcnAs
Arson'and Assassination Appreliend
etl-The Orleans Princes Allowed lo
Live In Prance-Tuc Soldier? Feted hy?
the Citizens-Victor Hugo*? House at
Brussels Stoned-Thc Murdered Priests
to Lie in State.
VERSAILLES. May 29.
Alter a desperate and bloody conflict the
government forces succeeded in capturing
the insurgent positions at Belleville aad Pere
la Chaise late last night. Firing then ceased,
and this morning our troops advancing on one
I position yet held by the Commune, the insur?
gents hoisted the white flag and surrendered.
They were i II mediately disarmed, and the
great rebellion of Paris of 1871 had ended.
The third and eight li regiment of the line, be?
longing to McMahon's troops, returned to Ver?
sailles in triumph,- the men having flowers and
branches in the muzzles of their rifles, and
bearing also magnificent banners of red silk
captured from the Communists.
Delesclnze, delegate Minister of 'War un?
der the Commune, was shot by his guards and
instantly killed last night in attempting to
The trials o? thc Communist leaders taken
alive will commence during the present week.
Conviction is inevitable, and everyone will'
PARIS, May 30.
Only the 5th, 14th and ICth Arrondissements,
and the Belleville and Vilettc quarters remain
under military occupation. Toe city is calm,
and the discipline ol the army admirable.
VERSAILLES, May 30.
The Inhabitants of Belleville have openly an
nounced'th?t they will mak-reprisals. A se?
cret system ol arson and assassination is ap?
prehended. There are constant discoveries ol
stores of petroleum In Paris. The insurgents
in Fort Vincennes surrendered uncondition?
ally. The Gaulois announces that the Orleans
Princes will be allowed to live in France.
Thiers ha3 ordered thc disarmament of Paris
and the dissolution of the Natlotial Guards In
the Department of the Seine. McMahon'has
issued a congratulatory proclamation to the
Paris is trasquil. Trade already .shows
signs of reviving. The soldiers are feted by
the inhabitants. Arrests of insurgents* con?
Favre .and Simon are likely to be replaced
in the ministries of foreign affairs and public
The Bavarian general commanding at Cham
pigny has asked passports for Insurgent
officers captured' by his troops at Vincennes,
and was referred by General Vi noy, as an
answer, to the text of th?> peace convention.
LONDON, May 30.
The Daily News strj's trains for Paris run to?
morrow. The people of Brussels smashed the
windows of Victor Hugo's house. The police
now guard the house.
A proclamation from McMahon to the people
pf Pari3 announces their deliverance from the
Communiste, ami thu! ortW>r. -"ieurity and
labor are about being re-established. fJeneral
LaCecllia, who fled to Vincennes, has surren?
dered. The Paris journals demand a cessa?
tion ol summary executions. Ti.e murdered
priests will lie in stale for a wce'-c. All mem?
bers of the Commune, except Pyalt and Grous
sett, have been killed or captured. The na?
tional archives, national library, national
arsenal, and the museum of the Louvre, are
safe. The manufactory ol' Gobelin's carpets
'and.the Observatorio are badly datqaged.
BRUSSE:/?, May 29.
The Echd?'.>f Parliament reports that Hie
Germans 'hare seized letters' from leading
members of the Paris Commune, disclosing a
conspiracy against the Government of Bel?
gium. The plot had been formed for the In?
surgents escaping from Paris lo Brussels,
where the Radical movement wa* to be con?
tinued. Insurrection was to be iccitecl. br? ild
ings seton .".re and the horrors ol Paris re?
BERNE, May 29.
The Swiss Feueral Council, alter consider?
ing Favre's dispatch with relation to the ex?
tradition of Communist refugees, decided that
investigation must be had iu each case, and
only those refugees are to be delivered over
to the French authorities who are proved
guilty ol ordinary crime.
A SHOCKING STORT.
The Dentil of Thomas Barle in the Wur
ctner. 9Xa.M., Insane Asylum-Another
Instance of Domestic SUcot-il Caused
by Sprltnallsm and Free-Loving.
[Corre?pcniknce'of the New Yore Herald.!
WORCESTER, MASS., May 27.
In this city lue event ol the houris the death
and burial bf Thomas Earle, thus closing the
lust scene of a painful domestic drama, pro?
tracted in duration, highly sensational Jn
character, and most tragic in its ending. Most
readers will have forgotten the salient points
of this remarkable case, which are partially
revived by the death ol' Mr. Earle, a mun once
prominent in business circles and moving in
the first society ol'conservative New England.
Thomas Earle was married In 1849 to Alice
Chase, of Salem. Ten year3 of happiness were
accorded io the couple, who, to all appear?
ances, were most loving, and liberally endow- ;
ed wlih all the substantial and luxurious ap?
pointments ol life following success lu business ,
and the accumulation of wealth.
AFTER THK BIRTH OF TUE.LAST CHILI),
Thomas, born in 1S59, Mrs. Earle se^ms to
have become subject to a strange hallucina?
tion, showing itself in a marked dislike for
the society ol' lier husband, which became in?
tensified through the influence of
which taught her disordered imagination that
a way to soulful peace might be. l'ctind in the
society of a dark-haired affinity. Accordingly
we find a number of compassionate gentle?
men, of the kind always waiting round for
chances of usefulness, visiting here and there,
writing notes and practicing magnetism, while
tie husband is away at the wai- during the
year I8C1. In the snit for ad'i.lety that natu?
rally follows as a sequence, a social and select
crowd ol' high-toned and liberal-minded ladies
aud gentlemen are'seen figuring on the car?
pet, among whom
MKS. EARLE WAS PKOillNE.VT
as indicated by thc evidence or. the trial for
adultery instituted by Mr. Earle in 1SG5. It
was not reported or published at the time,
through the influence ot Mr. Earle, who desir?
ed to spare his wife the shame and lils child?
ren the disgrace which he undoubtedly had the
power of inflicting. The
MILK.AND WATtR PROSECUTION
thus conducted gave all the vantage to the wo?
man, who used her wealth and. influence to .
avert the consequences of her delusion. From
subsequent developments no doubt remains
that had the trial been a public one justice
would have been influenced to a more impar?
tial decision. Some time previous to the trial
ot 1865, Mrs. Earle had deserted her husband
and family and returned to her native place,
where she still resides. Being possessed of
about seventy-five thousand dollars in her own
right, she had no trouble in procuring friends
to"war upon her husband, who clearly gave
her the advantage in accepting a divorce on
any ground other than that of adultery, which
would have made all her future attempts to
obtain possession ?t the children fruitless.
AFTER THE DESERTION OF TUB MOTHER,
Mr. Ear?e procured an estimable lady to live lu
his family and care for the children. Becom?
ing endeared to the children, and consulting
only their happiness, Mr. Earle. eventually
married Miss Coleman, his housekeeper, shori .
Jy after the decree of divorce was granted for
desertion, about two years ago. Previous to
tliis, however. Mr. Earle had spent a year in
Europe for his health, during which Mrs.
Earle had Taken Hie children to Salem. On
his return to Worcester, the father's firs;
care "was to purchase and furnish a handsome
residence, where he provided for his latniiy in
good style, living happy, the children with
him, and preferring ihelr reconstructed hom.;
to that ol'the'estranged mother.
Then commenced suits*forthe possession or
the children, finally so adjudged in lavor of
Mrs. Earle as to take from the fallier the two
WHO WERE TORN FROM THE HOUSE
by force.sbrieklng and struggling ineffectually.
This affected the sensitive aud delicate mental
organization of the lather to that degree thac
he been me no longer responsible for his acts,
and. while In a stale of delirium, he went to
Salem io effect their, rescue, being defeated
uuii repulsed with so much of violence that ho
became a raving maniac, dying on the 24th
instaat, at the Insane Retreat at Worcester, iu
the forty-eighth y?ar of bte age.
THE HEARTLESSNESS . OF THE* DIVORCED WIFF
and her advisers in refusing the dying man ?.
sight of his children on Iiis deatb-bed.notwlth
standing the assurances of the attending phy?
sician of his condition, supplemented by a re?
fusal to permit their attendance at the funeral
In response to a courteous note from Mr. '
Earle's brothers, one of whom is Mayor of tho
eily, is a theme of Indignant comment la all
THE STATE LUNATIC ASYLUM,
\ Vindication of its Management under
tue Sew Regime.
Tile Keowee (Walhalla) Courier, speaking of
the State Lunatic Asylum, says:
The removal of Dr? Parker, as superin?
tendent and physician of this Institution, ex .
sited much dissatisfaction. His high medical
itiuininenls and long experience render bim..
ID the public mind, eminently- flt to continue
tho control and treatment of the unfortunate
clasB who necessarily become inmates
Much was spoken and written which time and
reflection would have shown to have been .
unjust. All persons, whether physicians or
unprofessionals, who nave visited the institu?
tion underits present management, bave tes
titled to the efficiency of the present superin?
tendent, Dr. Ensor, succeeding the able and
respected Dr. Parker. He has,-by a course o-:
uniform kindness, couverte! censure into re?
spect and commendation, and established a
reputation for ability worthy of the State ano
the Institution. We visited and were shown
over the entire building while in- Columbia,
ttnd found, lt scrupulously neat in every re?
spect, and the Inmates weil provided with
clean and comfortable clothing. One Ihln'
we particularly noticed, which was the pleas?
ure the unfortunates manifested at meeting
the superintendent. He seems' to take every
interest in their welfare, and they appear lo
love and respect him as a child would a parent.
Dr. fjloan, son of Colonel John T. Sloan, is as?
sistant physician.. We make these statement;,
that those who have friends or relatives inuhe
instltutlon may entertain no fear as to their
kind treatment.. We have seen with our eyes,
aud will be ill Ul (kilt to convince that the bes:.
Interests of this unfortunate class ure nut
fully aud carefully promoted by Dr. Ensor.
In the same strain a correspondent of the
Anderson Intelligencer, himself a physician of
eminent repute, writes:
On a recent visit to Columbia, through tho
courtesy and polit? tut'"111"*?, nt N? H.Hw*
superintendent of the Asylum, aud his assis?
tant, Dr. Henry Sloau, (who, by the way, is r
natjve of our county, the son of Colonel John
T. Sloan.) Thad the opportunity of luspectlug
the Lunatic Asylum, and was so much plenset'
that I cannot refrain from saying that the In?
stitution, In my opinion, is managed as well
as it could be. under existing arrangements.
Everything is scrupulously clean and neat,
and Dr. Ensor tfppears to have a peculiar adap?
tation lo his charge, lu the two days
I visited the Asylum, J did not see a
single inmate in a bad humor.' 1 saw and con?
versed with most of ibo Inmates from this
portion ol' the State. I lound one eDjoylng a
game ol billiards, and another amusing him?
self working in the flower garden. 1 under?
stand that a liberal appropriation was made by
the last Legislature to extend the building,
whicli ls an absolute necessity, and thal
another appropriation will be made as early as
practicable to renew the furniture, &c. which
will add greatly to the comfort of the patients.
I am satisfied ll our people could but visit this
Institution under Its present management, no
complaint would be uttered as to any money
necessary to alleviate and re?tore this afflicted
portion of our people.
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