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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE K?-KLUX CASES.
ONE APPEAL DENIED ET THE SU?
Th r Hu r st I on of Constitutionality Still
Unsettled-Another Attempt to be
Made to Secure a Hearing?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NETTS.]
WASHINGTON, March 21.
Ia the Supreme Court to-day, lu the case of
the United States vs. Avery et al, the attor?
ney-general's motion to dismiss the writ of
error was granted. The d?cision waa an?
nounced by Chief Justice Chase, who said the
.case was controlled hythe decision in the case
of the United States vs. Rosenberg, which
was ''that a motion to quash the indictment
was clearly determinable by the lower court,
as a matter of discretion. It was preliminary,
?nd the denial of it could not finally
.decide any right of the defendant. When
such a motion ls made by a defendant it is
usually refused unless in the clearest cases,
and grounds of it, If available, may be used on
a demurrer or on a motion in arrest of Judg?
ment. The case could not come to the Su
pE?me Court on a writ of error to Anal judg?
ment under two years, but a writ of habeas
co. -pus being issued for the relief of the pris?
oners, and their discharge under that writ
being denied, that Judgment has been brought
here for review, and the case BO presented
will involve the constitutional questions,
whose hearing ls deferred by this decision.
A motion will probably be made to-mor?
row to fix a day for the hearing on the last
THE ARGUMENTS PRO AND CON.
The Enforcement Act? Declared Uncon?
stitutional hy Messrs. Johnson and
Stanuery-The Government Counsel
Evading the Issue.
The test case of the Ku-KIux trials that was
attempted to be brought before the Supreme
Court for final disposition, is entitled the
United. States vs. Avery et al, and came. to
the Supreme Court upon a certificate) of divis?
ion lrom the Circuit Court for district of South
Carolina. The d?fendants in this case were
indicted for conspiracy under the acts ot May
31,1870, known as the enforcement or Ku
Klux act. The particular act charged was the
murder of one Jim Williams, while attempting
to prevent colored citizens voting, and to bin?
der and prevent their exercise of the right to
keep ana bear arms.
Motion having been madero quash the In?
dictment, the court, were u.vided in opinion
on the questions whether it hadjurlsdlctlon of
the crime ol murder charged, and whether the
right to keep and bear arms ls a right granted
and secured by the Constitution of the United
8tates so as to support the charge in the in?
dictment, and render the offence cognizable
by the court.
THE PROSECUTION. _
The government submits that, the questions
having arisen upon a motion to quash, this
court cannot take cognizance of them, the
motion being preliminary in its character, and
determinable by the court below asa matter of
lt ls then contended that the act was in?
tended merely to visit with Increased punish?
ment offenders against the laws of the United
States, who, in the act of violating those
laws, shall also commit offences against the
laws of the States, and this lt has power to do;
and it necessarily follows that the courts ot
the United States buve Jurisdiction to Inquire
into this additional fact. Nor ls lt any
answer to say that In so doing they take
Jurisdiction of au offence against State laws,
and of which Congress cannot give them Ju?
ried ction. The coure merely admits evidence
of a fact, as matter of aggravation ot another
offence. The criminal laws ot several of the
States are cited to show that in those States
where any person ls convicted ot a criminal of?
fence, who nas before been punished by the
United States or other States for a like offence,
such person ls sentenced to an additional pen
a!t>; and It-Is said that the difference between
taking into account the conviction of a first
offence, with a view to fix the punishment of
a subsequent one, as in those cases, and taking
Into account the commission of an offence
with a view to fix the punishment of another
offence contemporaneously committed, con?
sidered merely aa facts constituting matter of
aggravation, as lu thia case, is only a differ?
ence in time, and is wholly Immaterial. In
neither case ls the punishment. In contempla?
tion of law, applied to the offence, which is
regarded as au aggravating circumstance
In respect of the right to bear arms it is said
that the United States, by reason of the power
given to Congress to provide for organizing,
aiming and oi-clplinlng the militia, bas a
direct interest in seeing that the right which
the constitution itself declares to be essential
to a well-ordered militia is not infringed by
unlawful authority, and, in. the absence of
State legislation, to punish vlo'atlons of the
right, and lt ls but ? reasonable con st roc non
of the act to construe lt as applying to this act
as well as to any other. '
For the defence lt ls urged, after controvert?
ing tho theory of the government, that the
fifteenth amendment to the constitution con?
tains no grant of power over the right ot suf?
frage, but 1B in the nature of a restriction ?Tr
abridgement of such power in one respect
only, and that ls In the power to discriminate
on account of race, color, or previous condi?
tion of servitude. It is to enforce that section
and prevent such discrimination that by the
second section Congress is authorised to enact
appropriate laws. And this article contem?
plates only legislative action, and does not ex?
pressly apply to individuals. Before the act
in question can take effect, then lt must ap?
pear that the State has authorized l he dis?
crimination prohibited by the amendment,
and that such discrimination ls attempted to
be carried out by an individual. If the State
has not violated the article, and has passed BO
law to authorize such discrimination, the
unauthorized act of an Individual, or a com?
bination of Individuals, make no case for
Federal cognizance. An individual cannot
deny or abridge the right to vote in the
?enge of this amendment It ls a right that
can only be given or denied or abridged by
btw. Som h Carolina bas not violated the
amendment; she bas passed no act to discrim?
inate on account of race, color or previous
condition of servitude, and admiis citizens ol
all color, races and conditions, who have the
qualifications of voters, to the full enjoyment
of the righi ot suffrage. But if it be held that
it would be appropriate legislation to enforce
this amendment against individuals, where
the 6tate had passed no act, then lt is con?
tended that the conspiracies charged are not
Within the Jurisdiction of the court, because
they are offences not within the purview of
the amendment, nor appropriate legislation to
enforce the amendment, and are, therefore,
void. It ls then Bubmltted as too clear for argu?
ment that wlihln the legitimate sphere of the
rights reserved to the States ls Included the
right of exclusive legislation lu the matter of
suffrage; the very existence of the States de?
pends upon lt. and they have never surrend
ed the jurisdiction.
It is declared that not a single offence de?
fined In the act in question comes within th"
frovisions ot the amendment. When the
tates, by the amendment, surrendered the
right to'discriminate in the matter of suffrage
on the ground of color, race, ?c., and author?
ized Congress to enforce that amendment,
they surrendered no other right touching the
suffrage, and gave Congress no further power
over the subject, and hence the enforcement
act is not appropriate legislation.
The constitutional provision in respect to the
right of the people to bear arms contains no
grant of power to the Federal Government
over the right to keep and bear arms. On the
contrary, the esiablisbed constitu? lon-ls, that
lt only recognizes a pre-existing right in the
people of the States, and Is merely a restric?
tion on the Federal Government against any
interference wlih that right, and consequently
a subject-matter exclusively within the cogol
.zance of the State e. -
?As to jurisdiction, It is contended that the
Jurisdiction attempted to be given by the act
over anotber "lelony," committed in the at?
tempt to do the acts prohibited, and in this
case murder, belongs exclusively to the courts
of South Carolina, and that consequently BO
much of the act is unconstitutional and void,
as au exercise of a legislative power not In
pursuance of the constitution.
IRELAND'S FO?RTR OF JULY.
The Grand st. Patrick'? Display In New
York-A Procession Over Two Miles
Lone-The Gallowglasses in their
Glory-The Banner of Kenmare.
The New York papers print glowing ac?
counts of the great Irish turnout in that city
on Monday last. The procession, marching
four deep, was over two miles in length, and
the paraphernalia of the pageant were very
elaborate and striking. We quote the Sun's
description of some of the novel features of
the parade :
THE IRELAND OF CENTURIES AGO.
An immense multitude, gathered to see the
famous Gallowglafses, representatives of Ire?
land's ancient glory.
"There were giants ID thim day?, my dar
lint." said a native of the. old sod to bis wife,
"and now we'll see the boys that look like
Their costumes were white shirts, saffron
colored tights, tunics ot green, embroidered
with gold, togas or mantles of saffron clotb,
'and Jewelled Tara brooches. Golden brace?
lets encircled their brawny arm?, and saffron
sandals were worn on their feet. Wigs of Jet
black hair that hung In long locks over their
shoulders; plaited mustaches, twenty Inches
In length, o? the lime of O'Neill; and armed
and golden helmet?,they were truly alarming.
Their captain, J. J. Leahey, the smallest of
their number-selected probably on account
of his knowledge of military affair.''-formed
them in line, and at their head marched down
stairs into the street. Bound after round of
applause greeted them.
"By Jove, what a man !" eaid a delicate
Broadway swell, as Benjamin Curtin, six feet
six, loomed up in the doorway.
"Oh, yes, young feller. Where's Jim Mace
and the Irish Giant, now ?" yelped an ambi?
tions young butcher.
The giants formed la line on the sidewalk,
and were Instantly surrounded by their breth?
ren of ordinary ?tature, who entered into a
discussion ot the physical ability of the men.
The names and height of the giants are as
Capt J. J. Leahey, 6 feet 1 inch; Benjamin
Curtin, 6 feet 6; Edward O'Connell, 6 feet 6;
Michael Bb aw, 6 feet 6; James English, 6 feet
6; Mike Harty, 6 feet 6; Owen McCarty, 6 feet
4; John Quigley, 6 feet 3; James Maher, 6 feet
3; Patrick Egan. 6 feet 3: Lawrence Fleming,
6 feet 3; J"hn Bulbart, 6 feet 3; James Hart?
ford, 6 feet 3; Garrett Sweeney, 6 ieet 2J; Pat?
rick Byan, 6 teet 2?; Patrick Hayes, 6 feet 2;
Owen Martin, 6 feet 2; Jno. Hadagen, 6 feet 2,
and James Mackey, 6 feet 2.
They took a position at the head of St. Pat?
rick's Mutual Alliance Association, and were
everywhere on the line of march greeted with
A MAGNIFICENT CHARIOT,
draped lu preen and gold and drawn by ten
gray horses, followed close behind the Ga lo w
glaisee. On one Bide was the inscription:
: He who commits crime gives strength :
: to the enemy. :
The reverse side bore the inscription:
Friendship to all,
Enmity to none.
Surmounted on a pedestal festooned with
shamrock was a huge bust of the great libera?
tor, Daniel O'Connell, and seated at the four
corners of the dais were Misses Lotta Black,
Annie Smith, Lizzie Smith and Fanny Brown,
beautifully cosi urned as pages of the sixteenth
century. Seated at the forward portion ol the
chariot was Collin McClane, six feet loor
inches in height, with long white hair and
beard, who represented an Irish minstrel.
He was attired In a Jacket and skirting, with
a heavy cloak and drapery of saffron, trimmed
with gold and green. About bis waist was
a red belt with a gold buckle. Hts tights
were of saffron and his randals scarlet, with
?'olden bracelets, a large Tara brooch set with
e weis, and a small harp, which rested on his
mee. His flowing locks reminded one of the
mad King Lear, and some said that he re?
minded them of the days when Forrest trod the
boards of the Old Bowery. A mammoth
papter-macAe Irish wolf-dog guarded the rear
ot the platform.
TUE BANNER OF KENHABZ.
Following the chariot was the beautiful car
drawn by eight bay horses, and bearing the
banner presented by tbe Nun of Kenmare to
the St. Patrick's Mutual Alliance Association.
This car was elaborately gotten up. In the
centre was the banner mounted on a rose?
wood stafT, arched on top with wreathed gold
shamrocks, clasping at the apex a circular
wreath, and with a silver dove in the centre.
The whole was surmounted by a cold pike
head. At the back of the car the handsomely
illuminated address of the Nun ot Kenmare
was suspended. Seated at the four corners
of the car. which is a lac-simlle of the one
used by O'Neill lu his visit to Queen Bess In
tue fifteenth century, were Bose Mccaffery,
Mary Flynn, Margaret Crosby and Hannah
Doyle, dressed la Jackets of embossed armor
on green ground, striped purple and creen
robes, representing the provinces of Ulster,
Munster, Leinster and Connaught. The Mieses
Lena O'Sullivan and Lucy Coleman were
seated underneath the banner, dressed some?
what similar to the other misses, and carry?
ing silver helmets with green plumes. Both
were educated In the Convent of Kenmare.
Miss O'Sullivan ls a fine specimen of physical
beauty, standing full six feet in heighL
Everywhere this car was looked upon with
admiration, the magnificent banner being un?
doubtedly the greatest feature of the proces?
THE COUNTY SOLICITORSHIP.
Correspondence Between Judge Graham
and Mr. E. B. Seabrook.
The following correspondence Is published
in the Republican of last evening:
CHARLESTON, S. C., March 18, 1872.
Hon. R. F. Graham:
DEAR 8nt-Rumors have reached me that
you intend to rescind your order appointing
me solicitor of the Circuit.
A term of the Inferior Court ls at hand, and,
as 1 am unwilling to do unnecessary and un?
profitable work, I take the liberty of writing
to ask you whether these rumors are true or
I have the honor to ask that you will furnish
me at once with your definite views on this
very respectfully, E. B. SEABROOK.
CHARLESTON, March 20, 1872.
E. B. Seabrook, Esq.:
DEAR SIR-In reply to yours of the 18th In?
stant, handed me yesterday, I beg leave to
say that Mr. J. G. Mackey has, this day, been
appointed solicitor for the Charleston and Mr.
T. H. Cooke the solicitor lor the Orangebure
You will doubtless see the propriety of this
change in the light of recent events.
I regret the circumstances which have made
this course necessary.
Very respectfully, R. F. GRAHAM.
CHARLESTON, March 21, 1872.
Son. R. F. Graham:
DEAR SIR-Your note of yesterday, In reply
to mine of the day previous, handed to you by
^3. W. M. Mackey, Esq., my friend, has been
I am somewhat surprised that you should
use your official power to redress your fancied
private wrongs. I was a Republican two
years before you Joined the party, and to the
party I will appeal. You have injured me
seriously. Intimations have reached me that
this persecution will be pressed Billi further.
The people will decide between us.
I write this merely to say that If you had
given me the renewal of my appointment, my
intention was to refuse.
I have never done you au Injury.
Your obedient servant,
E. B. SEABROOK.
THE PLANTING PROSPECT.
.0 THE CROPS TN UNION.
Effects of the Severe Winter-Disor?
ganized Labor and Excessive Taxa?
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
UNION, 8. C., March 29,1872.
The planters should, as a class, cheerfully
comply with your request for Information as
to the indications of the season and their prepa?
ration and prospects for putting in their crops.
A winter of unexampled severity seems now,
when corn should be planted, but little relaxed.
We bad sleet three days ago, and have ice and
frost and cold north winds continuously.
Apricots and old field plums have not bloomed,
and the forests looked bleak as In mid-winter.
There are well nigh no preparad ons made for
planting; there bas been too much snow and
sleet and rain for ploughs to be used to any
advantage, and the same causes have retarded
the making and manipulation of composts
and reduced the amount afforded by cotton
seed especially, by compelling their use as
food for animal?. . .. . ..
The3e oauses and the laborer disturbing
uotes of destructive politicians, already sound?
ing confusion on the plantations, Indicate no
cheering future for the planter, who made
only half a crop last year, whose laborer ls
now tempted and tampered with and whose
taxes are tenfold what they should be.
Respectfully, _B. H. BICE.
THE PLANTING PROSPECT.
Interesting Prognostications Concern?
ing the Present Crop-Look to Your
[From the Sumter Watchman.]
The reports reach us irom all parts of the
South that the planters are making prepara?
tions to plant a largely Increased area in cot?
ton this spring, much we fear to the neglect
of the cereal?. The orders, transmitted to
Charleston for fertilizers are as much as can
be there filled, and during the past three
weeks there have b en shipped over the three
railroads radiating thence upwards of seventy
to eighty car-loads, equal to about six hun
dred (600) tons of phosphates and guano, des?
tined for the interior of the country. The
planters are evidently straining every nerve
to cultivate a lull crop of their beloved
staple. lu each spring of the past few
years, we have earnestly counselled our
planters to pay full attention to the
cultivation of grain, and to make, that of
cotton only a secondary consideration,
and one wholly of pro nr. By the pur?
suance of such a course ouly can there be
permanent Bafety, Independence and prospe?
rity for our people. The Journals and the
manufacturers of the North use every specious
argument to urge on our people to the pro?
duction of large cotton crops. They know
that lt can be done only at the probable ex?
pense of the cereals. That if we make a large
crop of cotton and a Final l one of grain we
will be compelled to sell our cotton very low
and buy their grain at a high price. If the
crops of the two great sections of the country
eau be brought to market on this principle
the object of the people of the North and
West will be attained. They waut cheap cot?
ton, and can obtain lt only by our people al?
lowing themselves to be deceived and to act
contrary to their true interest?.
The planters think that.because the price of
cotton has ruled high during tnls past winter,
lt will probably do BO again next season. In
this they may be greatly mistaken, for they
must bear In mind the fact that the same high
scale of prices that Influences them to increase
the acreage In cotton this spring, will have the
same effect In all the other cotton-producing
sections of the world, and therefore we may
have a very large supply of the staple next
season, which may reduce the average range
ol prices below the cost of cultivation. In ad?
dition to this IOBS, the planters may have to
buy their provisions at very bl?h rates.
The prospect or large crops for 1872 will de?
pend not upon the acres planted, but upon
the character of the season. If the season
should be a bad one, and both the cotton and
grain crops be much Injured, the planters will
be In a very unenviable position. We have
now every prospect ot a most unfavorable
peason, for ell agricultural operations. Thus
far the spring has been the most backward
that we have had since 1657. Now, on the
16th of March, it continues cold and wet, and
the probability 1B, that we will have much
more o? the same class of weather be?
t?re the steady, natural warmth of spring
arrives, we well recollect, that the
spring of 1857 was of tbe same character, and
there was then a heavy fall of snow in the
City of Charleston, on the 15th March. The
effect was a reduction in the yield of cot
ton that year of about 850,000 bales below that
of the preceding year. The lateness of a
spring will not prove disadvantageous to the
crops, if lt Is succeeded by a hot summer and
late fall, but in this Instance lt will probably
prove very disastrous, as the summer will
probably be a cool one, followed by an early
frost. The seeds will germinate badly, on
account of the coldness ot the ground, and
replanting will be necessary to a great extent;
and after the plants are out ot the ground they
will probably be Injured, and blackened by the
late cold and the heat of the coming summer
will probably not be sufficient to counteract
the damaging effects of the cold.
Many nersons wltl think lt Impossible to
calculate' upon the general condition of the
weather several months in advance; but they
will be mistaken, for lt ls toa great extent
only a calculation of atmospheric forces,
fended upon past experience. The summer
c .872 will probably be a cool one, by reason
of the vast accumulation of Ice at the North,
and prevalence of northerly winds, and par?
ticularly by the intensely electrical state of the
atmosphere, as will be roon openly showed by
frequent and violent thunder storms and tor?
nadoes. The early frost that we will probably
have next fall will probably result from the
same electric condition ot' ibe atmos?
phere; tor electricity causes cold. The late
frost of 1871 (23d November) was cauBed by
the great deficiency of electricity In the at?
mosphere during the five preceding months.
This deficiency was shown by the tact that not
one Bingle clap of thunder was heard In this
Bectlon from the end ol June until the middle
of November; and also by the great preva?
lence of epidemic levers over tha entire
South. Last year the winds prevailed from
the ocean and were devoid of electricity; this
year ihey prevail from the north aud Interior
of the continent, and are fully charged with
In addition to the unfavorable character of
the season upon which our plantera are now
entered, those cultivating lands upon the
banka of the Mississippi, and ot our rivers,
Btibject to overflow, will soon have to con?
tend with heavy crevasses and floods. As
soon as the warmth of spring bas melted the
vast amount of snow and ice that have accu?
mulated lu the interior of the country, these
rivera will overflow their banka and carry des?
truction to all plantations within their reach.
We believe, therefore, that from natural
causes beyond their control, the plantera will
labor under great dlFadvantages this year,
and it behooves them to act with even more
than usual prudence. p
GLIMPSES OF GOTHAM.
NEW YORK, March 21.
August Belmont won the sliver cup at the
Jerome Park shooting match.
Last night was the coldept of the season
with a heavy northwest wind.
The trial of Mayor Hall in the Common
Pleas Court has terminated, and the remain?
ing eleven Jurors were discharged. This
course was rendered necessary bv Recorder
Hackett yesterday deciding that the court
held by him (Hacket,) was regular, thu? ma?
king th* court held by Daley, belore which
Hayor Hall was being tried, an illegal or un?
constitutional one. This ends the famous No?
BUTIZ FOUND GUILTY.
WASHINGTON', (D. C.) March 21.
C. W^Buttz was, to-day, convicted of a las?
civious assault, and sentenced to five hundred
dollars fine or six months' imprisonment.
Other charges are pending against him.
TBE GEORGIA OUTLAWS.
A Gang that Rivals the Lowerys In
Bold nett and Bloody Work.
[Correspondence Angosta Constitutionalist.]
THOMSON, GA., March 19.
Last Monday the preliminary trial of Captain
C. V. Hamilton was called. The court-room
was densely packed. Tom Willis was put
upon the Btand, and the facts elicited point to
Hamilton as the boldest highwayman and land
pirate that ever cursed a community. The
first raid to South Carolina was the pretence
to be present at the arraignment and trial of a
man whom he named Baler. He selected his
associates, three of whom were well posted as
to the real Intentions. These were Tom Willis,
T. Howard Long and John Ramsey. They were
the sworn confederates ot this daring pirate.
Under the pretence of having a good time at
the trial, they decoyed a youg man named
Charlie Wilkerson to Join them. After thev
arrived in about seven miles of the place, C.
V. Hamilton reveals his plans and real intent
to young Wilkerson, that they had cometo
rob and murder a man lor his money. Young
Wilkerson, startled by the exposition, emphat?
ically declared he would have no part In the
matter. Hamilton was prepared for the emer?
gency, and informed the clan that Wilkerson
muBt be murdered; that he would take a pri?
vate with him up the river and shoot him,
and Bink him in the water. This foul act
was prevented by the Interference of Ram?
sey and Willis. Thus the diabolical plot
to rob and murder was blighted lu the bud.
The parly were compelled to return home,
and Hamilton has endeavored several
times to slay Wilkerson, and have no
evidence in this matter. A short time after
this defeat he arranged and planned an?
other raid under toe pretence of bring?
ing out his wife, who had been left behind in
South Carolina, Inls time he selected the
same gang, except young Wilkerson. Their
plan was to take public conveyance by rail,
and visit Edgefield County, murder Littleton
Smith, his wife and a family living in the yan),
burn the dwellings, steal the horses, aud re?
turn through Liocoln County. At the river
they were to kill and disembowel their horses
and sink them In the river, Captain Hamilton
assuring them they would leave no traces be?
hind; but it seems that only a. part of the plan
wan carried out, and after abusing the person
ol Mr. Smith, getting but little booty, they re?
turned by rall, . and two cf them
were compelled to pawn their pistols
to the conductor for their. passage to
Augusta. The conductor was directed to take
the pistols to one Blease, who kept a bar?
room, and he would pay the passage money
for the pistols, which Blease did, and Hamil?
ton went and got the pistols and returned
them to the parties. Their absence by this
lime began to create some suspicion, and the
newspapers were searched for some clue as to
what they were doing, but nothing could be
found, and so their deeds were once more con?
cealed from the public eye Soon another ar?
rangement was on loot for another raid. Their
plan waa to try the railroad again, and now a
new confederate was taken ID, and the testi?
mony led to the arrest of a young man
named George Tull, an Inmate of your Jail,
In common with the other prisoners. A war?
rant was also issued for one Joe Musgrove,
who has fled, unwhlpt of Justice, thus im?
pressing the public mind of nfs guilt. These
are the confessions of John Eamsev made to
his lrlends, but he Is still at large. "What was
accomplished by the last raid has never been
known, U9 Ramsey was suspected of being a
traitor, and was not one of the party. The
facts have been corroborated iu the main by
the evidence and confession of Tem Willis.
These are but parcels in the career of this
most wonderful freebooter, who claims to
have murdered seventeen men, and over
whom there ls now hanging In South Carolina
seventeen Indictments for murder, and lt wes
reported to-day that a polioe officer In your
city has a reward of-five thousand dollars lor
his arrest for the crimes committed In South
Hamilton has not confined himself exclu?
sively to raiding, but has shown himself an
expert In macy little ways. About three
weeks since his cunning and adroitness was
exhibited by the lollowlng: A party named
Briscoe, balling from unknown part?, stole a
horse in the neighborhood of Union Point and
brought the animal near this Dlace, tied lt In
the woods, came on foot to the village, bad a
conference with Hamilton. They both went
off ta a buggy, and the party some time after
rode the horse to the stable and ordered lt fed.
In a few boura the parties who had lost the
horse arrived and called at the stable to feed
their stock and make Inquiries, and discover?
ed their lost horse. They were required to
watch while Hamilton went to secure the
thief, which was only a ruse to warn the
party to get out of tho way, while Hamilton
blundered about for some hours, and after
dark arrested a'stranger, and thus giving
hts confederate time io distance his pur?
suers and lose his track. Altogether, could
Ramsey be apprehended and Induced to di?
vulge, Hamilton's vlllany could be seen in its
true light; but Ramsey ls still at large, with
sufficient aid to assist him to oonceal him?
self from the penalty of the laws he has so
grossly violated. To say that there ls.an or?
ganized band of thieves, robbers and murder?
ers In our midst is a lamentable fact. The en?
tire gang are not active operators, but some?
thing worse. It is the business ot some to
secrete and conceal something worse than
stolen goods or money. While writing this
letter, a force is being organized to assist the
sheriff to guard bis stable. Two shots have
been fired at a thief who was making an effort
to carry off one of his horses.
About sunset this evening a parly of citizens
discovered a man scouting the wood.?, earn?
estly engaged In searching as If for some
secreted person. He was followed for about
two hours, supposed to be an aid lo Ramsey.
He went to the suburbs of town unmolested
and secured his horse. A few citizens were
standing by the roadside as he came in sight;
observing them, he shied off Into the swamp,
lorsook lils horse and began to fly to the
thickets. He was ordered to hair, but this
onlv Increased his speed. One ol' the party
tried to bring him to a ha}t by tiring at him,
Why was this fellow eo'ready to mn? No
person would have thought ot arresting him.
He no doubt came to the village as a spy In
the service of Bimsey and the bands, and his
guilt exposed lt sell. Ho wfar this organization
extends. Its strength and numbers, we cannot
tell. Our citizens are determined to purdue
them until fiey are caught and the lash of
the law vigorously applied.
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, March 21.
Northerly to westerly winds will prevail on
Friday over the New England, Middle and
South Atlantic States, with clear weather very
generally. Easterly to southerly winds, with
increased cloudiness and possibly threatening
weather, are probable for the Western Gulf
Stales; while generally clear and pleasant
weather, with northerly to easterly winds,
will prevail over the Eastern Gulf States.
Dangerous wind* are not anticipated for the
Atlantic and Gulf coasts.
Yesterday'? Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, V. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
3 al ve* ton, Tex..
Rey We9t, Fla..
NOTB.-The weather recort dated 7.47o'clock,
this morning, will be posted in the rooms of the
cnamber or Commerce at 10 o'clook A M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time during the day, -
ENGLAND AND THE TREATY.
OLA DS TONES EXPLAINS TBE VIEWS
AND ATTITUDE OF TBE MINISTRY,
The French Government Expenses?'
Baut for Bazaine-Fire at.Dusseldorf
Health of the Kaiser, ?ic., ?to.
LONDON, March 20.
. ID the House of Commons to-da j, Mr. Hors*
man, in accordance with his before expressed
Intention, again asked her Maj es ti's govern?
ment to assure Parliament that,, in. case fresh
negotiations In relation to the Alabama claims
were entered upon with the American Gov?
ernment, no proposals would be finally ac?
cepted until they had received the sanction of
Gladstone, in reply to Horsman's qwestlon,
said be Informed the honorable gentleman
last night that he had been unable to consult
with his colleagues on the subject.. He added
tbat he was yet without opportunity to do so,
and consequently was unable to give the
assurance asked for. He would state, how?
ever, that Parliament would be informed at
all times of the spirit, aim, direction and
policy .of the government on all Important
questions. So fax as the Alabama claims were
concerned, he believed the speech ot ber
Majesty, at the opening ol Parliament, gave
all necessary information. Gladstone, in con?
cluding, said lt would be Impossible for the
government to delegate to Parliament the
power of making treaties,
Horsman, in reply lo the last portion of
Gladstone's remarks, cited tbe lact that the
American Government had power te ratify or
reject any treaty which the government may
Gladstone repeated his assertion that lt
would be impossible to allow Parliament the
treaty making power, but at the same time
stated that lt was the duty of the government
to keep Parliament informed of any alteration
In the governmental policy.
Information has been received from Spain
that the Carlista are endeavoring to import
arms, with the object, of rising against the
government. It is stated, however, that in?
ternal dissension prevails in the organization,
wblcb, lt is thought, may prevent any demon?
When the case of the Tichborne claimant,
now lu prison on a charge of perjury, was
called in court to-day, no one appeared to.
ball him, as was expected, and lt was an?
nounced that he was unable to obtain ball.
The application o? the claimant to be released
on giving bonds for his appearance was, there?
fore. Indefinitely postponed. ?.
The papers have intelligence from Rou
mania of the continued' persecution of the
Jews. At Cabril, the entire Jewish population,'
consisting of about one thousand, were fear?
fully punished and roasted, and their syna?
gogues filthily polluted.
A driving snow storm, the first that bas
occurred in fourteen mouths, prevailed .here
all the morning. The city is enveloped lo a
dense fog, and at this hour, 1.30 P. M., the day
ls as dane as at midnight.
It is stated that Oxford declines to row
agalnet Cambridge, and the University race
PARIS, March 20.
It has been proved that Marshal Bazaine
dined with Prince Frederick Charles, of Prus?
sia, shortly before the capitulation of Metz.
The estimates of the minister of the Interior
for the expenses of his department for the
present fiscal year were submitted to the na?
tional assembly to-day. He asks for a large
Increase in the appropriation for the support
of the police, whose number bave-been^reat
Owing to tbe renunciation by France of the
commercial treaty wlih Great Britain, the
members of the Left in the National Assembly
have determined to favor the tax on raw ma?
terials. The passage of the bill Imposing such
taxes is therefore certain.
D?SSELDORF, March 20.
A conflagration, attended with the most
disastrous results, occurred here last night.
The town council hall and (he world's lamed
academy of art were burned, and a large
number of the most valuable paintings In the
latter building were also destroyed.
BERLIN, March 20.
The court physicians having informed his
Majesty the Emperor William, who ls now
convalescent, that care Is demanded on his
pattin order to completely regain his health,
lt has been determined to dispense with the
usual congratulatory birthday celebration at
An imperial decree has been issued conven?
ing the Reichstag In session on the 8th of
MADRID, March 20.
The appointment of Admiral Jose Polo De
Barnaba as Spanish minister to the United
States, is officially published to-day. Senor
Mauricio Lopez Roberts, whom Admiral Pole
relieves at Washington, has been Invested by
King Amadeus with the grand cross of the
order of Charles the Third.
ROME, March 20.
It ls rumored lhat Von Arnim, who recently
arrived here from Berlin, ls the bearer of a
proposition for a treaty of defensive alliance
between Italy and Germany, whereby the
possession of Lorraine and Alsace ls guaran?
teed to Germany, and Borne to Italy. Both
parties are to unite their armies In case of
THE RICE DUTY IN CONGRESS.
Senator Sawyer Makes a Strong Appeal
In Behalf of the Southern Rice In?
WASUIXOTON, March 21.
In the Senate the tariff was considered.
Morton gave notice of au amendment repeal?
ing all domestic taxes except upon lluqors
and tobacco after October 1st, 1872.
Sawyer gave notice of a motion to retain
the present duty on rice. He said there were
few branches ol Industry in the rice producing
States which are aided by protective duties,
while the people ot those States paid taxes on
almost everything for the benefit ol the indus?
tries of other Slates. There were peculiar
reasons lor aiding Southern industry at the
present time. The land owners had nothing
else but land lett after the war. The freed?
men were the only class that bad gained
material w?alth. The landowners had io bor?
row money at enormous rates to carry on
planting operations. The South, therefore,
asked the same protection for her labor lhat
bad been so ireely extended elaewhere. They
asked for the retention of the duty
on rice. He described at length the ex?
pensive and complicated process required
for the producllou ot rice. During the rebel?
lion the rice fields were generally abandoned,
being near the theatre of war. This neglect ol'
four years almost ihrew the lands back Into
the valueless swamps from which the labors of
generations had reclaimed them. Without
the duty it would have been impossible to re?
store me rice fields to cultivation after the
war. Continue the duty tor a few years and
the old rice lands would again be brought into
cultivation and new fields added, and the
planters could then prosper without it. There
were probably twenty thousand families in
Georgia and South Carolina dependent upon
rice culture for support. Almost the entire
benefit Irom the proposed reduction would
accrue to the benefit ot a few Importers and
dealers in foreign rice. Adjourned without
In me House, the bill Incorporating a Chi?
nese trading company, with a capital of five
millions, failed by a large majority. The
House considered the army approprie clon bill.
It Involves twenty-nine and a half millions.
The United States and British mixed com?
mission held a long session yesterday, out
made no decisions lu any cases before it. The
commis.-lon has a very large amount of busi?
ness on hand, wnich keeps Hie secretaries and
oiher attaches constantly at work.
The internal revenue collector, B. M. Wal?
lace, of the Third South Carolina District, has
tendered his resignation to the department,
having been appointed United Stated marshal.
-The South Carolina Presbytery, of the
General Assembly Presbyterian Church South,
will meet in Abbeville on the 10th proximo.
Rev. Wm. Jacobs will preach the opening ser
THE LOWERY OUTLAWS.
Latest from the Seat of War In North
The wilmington Journal, of Thursday, gives
the following in regard to the Bobeson County
Henderson, the Herald adventurer,- came
down to Lumberton yesterday, although but
little could be gleaned from him. That little
Is to the effect that Henry B?-r.> Lowery, the
leader of the "gang, ls not dead, but that he
has been absent somewhere for about a
month past, and that he ls to return in
another month. Andrew Strong assarts that
Boss Strong was not killed by Donahoe, but
that he is badly wounded. This latter, they
say, Is marked out by the gang for certain
death. Henderson is to go back and abide
with the ontlaws a while longer.
WILMINGTON, March 21.
The reports from the Lowery outlaws are
very conflicting. Boss Strong has not been
seen since be was reported killed, and Henry
Berry Lowery has been, missing, for several
weeks. Henderson, the Herald correspon?
dent, ls said to have been outlawed by a board
of magistrates of Bobeson County and his ar?
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-The Columbia Phoenix has Just celebrated
Its seventh anniversary.
-A new lodge, No. 10, of the Independent
Order of Good Templars, ha? been organized
In Abbeville. ,
-State superintendent of education Jlllson
addressed a meeting in Abbeville last Monday
evening on educational matters.
-The New York Sun remarked, a few days
sgo, that "Scott's gang of plunderers In South
Carolina have passed resolutions in favor of
Grant's renomination. Lowery's gang in North
Carolina bave not yet taken formal action on
the snbjer, bat now Lowery threatens to
slaughter the first Sun man he sees for the In?
sult put upon his crowd, by comparing them
to the South Carolina Legislature."
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.
At a meeting of . the New England Society,
held on the 18th or March, 1872, the following
preamble and resolutions were unanimously
In the sll-wlse providence of Go?, we lia ve been
callee! to moora the sudden departure of one of]
the oldest and moat valued members of our so
JAMES H. TAYLOR.
I To many the heavy news that he was dead
came even before the announcement of bis Ill?
ness, and lt was bard to realize that one whom'
we had known and valued so . long had indeed
passed away, that we should see his pleasant,
cheerful face and feel the warm grasp or his
friendly hand no more.
Mr. Taylor came to this city from his native
Ne W.England In the fall of 1830, and from, til at
Unte to the day of bia death was actively identi?
fied with its business interests. He Joined this
Boclety In 1837, was for several years Its secretary
and treasurer; In 186? he was elected ono on ts
vice presidents, which offlcs he held until Decem
ber 22, 1867, when he declined a re-election. His
interest in the society nevertheless continued un?
abated, and none appeared to enjoy more the
festlvltle] of oar last celebration o; the Landing
of the Pilgrims than he whose death we now
lament, and whose spirit, we trust,has gone to join '
the "goodly fellowships of that noble band in a
To many of ns Mr. Taylor had been the intimate
companion and friend daring the whole or the
greater portion of hlB residence here, and lt ls
from no mere compliance with ordinary custom,
batas the expression of sincere sorrow over a
great loss that we put on record this memorial to
oar departed fr len?!, and we respect' uti y offer to
his stricken family oar condolence and sympathy
In this th'.lr hoar of grief aad sorrow. Be lc,
Resolved, That in the demise or the late Colonel
James H. Taylor, the New England Society sin?
cerely deplore the sadden and unexpected loss or
a highly respected and valued member and of?
Resolved, That a blank page tn onr M?nate Book
be dedicated to the memory of oar late deceased
Resolved, That a copy of this preamble and reso?
lutions be transmitted to the family by the presi?
dent and seoretary of this society, and be publish?
ed lo the daily papers or the city.
Resolved, Tn at aa a further testimonial of oar
respect, the society do now adjourn.
Extract from the Mlnntes. -%
THADDsus STREET, Secretary.
8PEI3SEIQOER.-Died In this city, on the 29th
February last, after a short illness, Louis P.
SFKisssioosa, in the fifty-ninth year of his age.
petT" CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
JAMES ADDER are hereby notified that she win
discharge cargo THIS DAV, at Adger's Sooth
Wharf. Gooda uncalled for at sunset will re?
main on wharf at owners' risk and expense.
JAMES ADGER A CO.,
pSf SPECIAL NOTICE.-F OE ST.
AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA.-The Steamer CITY
POINT will stop at St. Augustine on her retnrn
from St. John's River this trip. For Freight or
Passage, apply to BAVENEL A CO.,
are hereby cautioned that I will MOT be responsible
for any bills contracted for the "Mills Honse" by
any other person than myself, on and after this
date. D. 0. BURNETT,
Charleston, March 20. 1872._mch2i-3?
?3- THE CHARLESTON CHARITA?
BLE ASSOCIATION, FOR THE BENEFIT OF TBE
FREE SCHOOL FUND.-OFFICIAL BAFFLED
CLASS NO. 411-MoRHINO.
56-SI-72 -48-21-32-14-77-30-74-. -63
CLASS No. 412-EVE NIKO.
As witness our hand at Charleston this 21st day
of March, 1872. FENN PECK,
" * JAMES GLLLILAND,
OFFICE OF COUNTY COMMIS?
SIONERS, BARNWELL COUNTY, & C., BLACK?
VILLE C. H., MARCH 13, 1872.-Plans, Specifica?
tions and Proposals to build a JAIL at Blackville
Courthouse will be received at this office until
the second Tuesday in April. The cost of Jail
not to exceed eight thousand ($8000) dollars,'
By order County Commissioners,
menlo 12 M. G. TOBIN*, Clerk.
pgr BATCHELORS HAIR DYE. -THIS
superb Bair Dye ls the best in the world. Per?
fectly harmless, reliable and instantaneous. No
disappointment: No ridiculous tints, or unpleas?
ant odor. The genuine W. A. Batchelors Bair
Dye produces Immediately a splendid black or
natural brown. Does not siam the skin, bnt
leaves the hair clean, soft and beautiful The
only safe and perfect Dye. Sold by all druggist.
Factory ie Bond street, New York.
pm- O N MARRIAGE."^
Happy relief for Young Hen from the effects
of Errors and Abases In early Ufa. Manhood re?
stored. Nervous debility cured. Impedimenta
to Marriage' removed. New method of treat?
ment. New and remarkable remedies. Books
and circulars sent free, in sealed envelopes. Ad?
dress HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No. 2 South
Ninth street, Philadelphia. Pa. ootl2
ABARGAIN I-TO PRINTERS AND
BOOKBINDERS.-A Ruggles Wood Frame
Paper Cutter, will be Bold low for cash. Is nearly
new, cats 28 inches, and has an extra knife. No
charge for package. Price $40. Apply at THI
Sawn Job Office. mam
Bj Hf J 17 LEITCH & E. 8. BR?SS,
. Auctioneer*. 1
ELEGANT WALN?T AND COTTAGE
' Fnrnirare, Bed Boom and Parlor i-tte.
Will be ?old THIS ?AT; the Md lnarant,:at 10
o'clock, at No. 431 King street, a few doon ?oata
of Cal?oun'street, ." ' ". " " ' - '
Walnut fled Cottage FURNITURE, consta tin? In
pan of Tablea, Lounges, Chairs.^Oan?Bj.Ma?
tings. Bedsteads. Washstands, Bureaos, Ward,
robes. Also, Bed Room and Parlor Sets, Crock?
ery, Shina and Glassware.
One Superior Pteco.. >. / ? ; ; ? ._- mchg
Bj J. FRASER MATHE WES.
ESTATE SALE FURNITURE, MLE
BOBS, Cutlery, Plsted Ware, Double Barm
?nn. Surgical ins tra m en rs. Plano, Bice Thresher
and Sower^raftand Saddle Marcie >g
Will be sold at No. 66 Broad street, THIS
DAY, 22d instant, at ii o'clock, ;
FURMTTJBE, .consisting of . Chairs. Tables,
French Bedstead," Book Case, Sofas,1 Ac., three
Hin ors, steel Knives, Flated Knives, Nut Crack?
ers, cake Baskets, and Syphon, Ac., Ac - "~T
One set s tugic&l lnb tr nm ema. Gnp pin g Knives
&D(3 G1&8SCS* "~
One wesley RichardsJkrable Barrel Cnn and
.Cue Plano. . ? . >l^.
One Bice Thresher and S wer. .*..'- ... ; o
One Seed-Sower. -to-,/.
One raddle and Draft Mare, seven y ear? o d.
.Terms cash. - .- Y; .''^i?flftM: ;
Bj WM. MCKAY; ^ -
HOUSEHOLD E?RN?TUBE, BUGGYy
THIS DAY. at li o'clock, will be sold, at .SO
45 Wentworth street, "
A lot or FURNITURE. Extension Dining Ta We,
Qlaeaware, and one set Dtnble Haraesc .....
-. ? II fi T'llfifc
Unction ffgfe^inmre Wap.
Bj LAURE Y, "ALEXANDER & GO;r&j
p RO0ERY STORE, SOUTHWEST.
VX corner of Market and Meeting streets.
Foreclosure ot Mortgage. " . *
TO-MOBROW, 2Sd Instant, will be sold at lO
o'cioek, . i : ?Au tier.
THE OONTEN1S OF THE GROCERY STORE.at
the southwest' corner of Meeting and Mutet
streets, consisti? tr of a well selected stock ox Gro?
ceries, Ac Ac, viz: . ......-i
SUGAR, FLOUR,- English Biscuits. English
Pieties; Sanees, kc.. Brandy, Wines. Ales;Porter.
Canned Tomatoes, Peaches, Green Com, Assorted
Preserves and Jellies In Goblets, Tumblers. Aa,
French Vinegar. Pickles, Mustard, A c., Mack??!,'
Salmon, Dutch Herrings, Anchovies, soaps, Buck?
et-, Brooms, Stoi e Fixtures, Scales and Weights,
Ac. ACT. > .' '. ? ..... . xi jw.
Conditions cash. . :. ... .mobla,.
By LAURE!, ALEXANDER & CO.
ENGLISH ?nNERAL SALT: ; '
On MOND iY, 2fitb inst., win be sold in the
Bun oded Ware rioaie, ElUott street, at ll o'clock,
80 ton ENGLISH MINERAL SALT, in lots to
snit purchasers; an excellent article for Manure:
Conditions oath. ?. ... r monal:.
JJ RUGS AND MEDICI M E'?j / M
WHOLESALE & RETAJ?.
DR. H. BARR,
NO. 131 MEETING STREET,
Oflera bis Large and Well-Assorted Stock of .
AT THH LOWEST HARKET HATES.'
Constantly on hand all the leading Proprietary
Medicines- . - - - .
FRENCH, ENOLI8H. GERMAN AND
FOUNTAIN SYRINGES, the best and most con
veulent for general usc
Also, every other kind of Syringe known in the
Trasses, Abdominal. Supporters, Shoulder
Braces, Abdominal Belts, Physicians' Saddle.
Bags, Physicians' Pocket-Oases, Elastlo Stockings
and Medicine Chests. **.
liruggtsts' Glassware, of every description, s>
the lowest rates, and a fall assortment of "Drag
Agent for Nattan's "Crystal Discovery for the
Agent for the ?New York Medical University's"
Agent for Bison's Tobacco Antidote and Up*
ham's Antidote to strong Drink.
Agent for the elegant preparations of W. B.
Warner ? Co., of Philadelphie consisting of a
mil line of Fluid Extracts, Sugir-Coated Puls
Elixirs, Medicated Wines and Syrups, Licorice
and Pepsin Lozenges, Ac, Ac.
Special attention ls directed to the following
articles of his own manufacture:
GERMAN SOOTHING CORDIAL!
i.n excellent Carminative, invaluable in the
dlssasee Incident to the period of dentition in
children; as also in colic, diarrhoea, dysentery,
and other infantile complaints. It is superior to
other medicines used for this purpose, as lt ls en?
tlrely free from any lnjarlons drag, and
CONTAINS NO ANODYNE I
It ls recommended by the best physicians, and
mothers may administer it with confidence
THE EXCELSIOR HAIR TONIO,
ls a carefully prepared Dressing for the hair, at
once answering the purposes of hair oil, hair
wash, and hair tonic. It contains no sulphur,
lead, or nitrate or silver, and ls
NO DYE I
lt will promote a healthy growth of bair, and
prevent their falling out, and will not injure the
Baer's Improved Vegetable
A gentle Aperient, of purely vegetable sub?
stances, recommended for Dyspepsia, Headache,
Constipation, Ac, Ac
DOUBLE DISTILLED BENZINE,
for removing grease spots, and cleaning clothes.
None but the Purest Drags used, and satisfac?
tion guaranteed, both as to price and quality.
Order are solicited from Druggists, Phys clans, '
Country Merchants, Planters and others, with the
assurance that they shah receive prompt and
carerui attention. mch7-8mosi>c*w
QHOICE F?RNITUBE AT LOW PRICES 1
B. C. MILLINGS,
FURNITURE DEALER, No. 444 KING STREET,
Near John Street, Charleston, s. C.,
would respectfully inform the public that he has
just received a choice and select lot of FURNI?
TURE, including Grecian, Gothic and Corinthian
Chamber Sets, which will compete with anything
In the city for cheapness and beauty of style and
Also a specialty of Ladles', Missest, and Chil?
dren's ROCKER:, and a variety or .'Dining-room
Furniture-Oak, Walnut and Imitation Rose?
wood-which he win sell from ten to tineen per
cent, cheaper than any other store In the city.
Call and compare his styles and prices with
those found elsewhere.
No. 444 KING STREET.
At the Sign of the Msn and Rocker,
febss-mthimos Charleston, S. C.