Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2182.
CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 13, 1873.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
CHARLESTON IN 1872.
THE PROGRESS, CONDITION AND
PROSPECTS OF THE CITY.
A. Steady lBcrea.ee. of Commercial
Transactions and Rewurot*- Hard
Work In the Old Year, and Bright
Angaries for the New.
We present herewith to the readers cf TUE
NEWS a careful and candid review of the pro?
gress made during the past twelve months In
the commerce and Industry of the City ol
Charleston, and the retrospect o? tiie year be?
comes a matter of pleasure when the results
xe shown, without any attempt at exaggera
ha or over statement, to be so substantial
Tra encouraging, and the prospects for the
lu lure give BO flattering a promise of contln
led and increased prosperity. The recent
commercial history of Charleston has been
the story of a gallant struggle for success
against a host of difficulties, and her present
position Is the evidence of a substantial vic?
tory, which gives promise of being as lasting
as lt has been complete.
The close of the civil war found Charleston
paralyzed and powerless, with perhaps as
utter a loss ot means as had ever befallen a
community, and surrounded by cities whose
fortunes had been less Bevere, striving indus?
triously tor the commerce which bad been
ber life blood. She might well at the start
have been almost without a hope of ever re?
gaining il?e lull measure of her old renown, but
now, after nearly eight years of zealous labor,
she has reason to believe ihit her position is
-gain assnred, and that the near future will
ibow a far brighter phase of commercial life
than has been seen in the recent
past. This feeling of growiog confi?
dence ls now apparent on every Bide, and
it ls based upon the patent fact of the city's
Steady advancement in all those elements of |
prosperity which sustain or restore great
cities. Her history in the past has left every?
thing to endear her to her BOUS and Southern
neighbors; her people have been ever g?ne?
rons, upright and honorable; her record has
> been without a stain, and the reputation of |
^er_pierchant8 has been the synonym of in
jferlty and commercial iiCBor. Since her
-masters, the toll of rehabilitation has beca
jard, and the demands for self-denial have
been great, but Bte has struggled to attain
ber reward without descending lo the de?
moralization which has become too common
In modern business circles, and the evidences
ot her sncsess In this effort are afforded in the
lacts below cited of her recent business
. The various lines of railroads, which hare |
their terminal points In Charleston, and which
form her commercial avenues and feeders, are
now In better condition than for many years.
This is particularly true of the South Carolina
Railroad, which bas now a greater capacity in
many important respects tor meetiog the de?
mands for transportation than at any former
period In Its history. Its connections have
been Increased during the year by the co-ope
'.ailon of the Greenville and Columbia Road
und by the purchase of a controlling Interest
i the Macon and Augusta Railroad, which
.able lt to reach to the base of the Blue
dge and to the centre of the Southern cot?
ton belt. The Northeastern Railroad has also
enlarged its sphere of operations, and affords
superior fucilllies for the transportation of
both freight and passengers, and the Savan?
nah and Charleston Railroad furnishes an
Important vehicle of trade betweeu Ibis city
ana the'southwestern portion of the State,
and 13 in a satisfactory aud flourishing cou
? The straight seaboard line hom this eily to
Norfolk on the narrow gauge phn, which has
lately been chartered In the l?ree State?,
jfcpmlses to be an important chating for p33.
singers and light fieight, and if it ca* be run
at an average speed of thirty miles ptr hour,
lt will certainly restore the great passenger
and mail route through Charlesioo, and ?ive
her backjihe valuable revenues lost by a ?li*rl
Bigbted policy some twenty years azo. \Vi,u
the speedy trains that ml^ht be run ulon? lut I
level seaboard ol the South Atlantic States, a'
schedule might be maintained irom New York
lo the Gull which would defy competition.
Tnese and o'lie" railroad developments in
prospect, promise to largely assist In restoring
the City of Charleston to the commaadinf;
position to.which her location entitles lier as
the metropolis and entrep?t of the South At?
The Real Estate Trade
of the city hus been fairly active, upon a
healthy and substantial basts. A prominent
U?sjler synopsized the history and the condi?
tion of the market ahout as follow?. He said:
..There have been mor* vacant lots sold for
building purposes in 1872 than In any previ?
ous year since tue late unpleasantness, and
mich lots have commanded fair ani\ even good
prices. There has been no speculative fever,
and there are no symptoms of any such fever
as long as the laxes remain as they are; but
there IB a steady and Increasing demand for
bulldlnz lots, and there has been during the
paBt year a marked revival in the building
trade. There have been, however, a number
al piecee of properly sold, for which the prices
tecelved have been far less than they should
. have been, but these have been mostly cases
ol forced sales of establishments that are loo
large for our present style of living. The aver?
age Charleston family of 1872 don't want a
J'^rge house with an Isolated kitchen, a big yard
and a carriage-house; and such pieces of pro?
perty, when they have to be sold, lare badly
under the hammer or at private sale. There
Ja no trouble, however, in selling property
ranclng in value anywhere from five to eight
or nine thousand dollars, and this must be
taken as ac Indication of the ibrlity circum?
stances of the middle class ol' cit'zens, whose
'prosperity is always a better guarantee for
the general interests of the c immunity than
ls afrord;'i by the accumulation of wealth in
the hands of the smaller "upper class." A
* very prominent feature of the business of fae
year has been the activity displayed in real
estate on Sullivan's Island. This must be In?
cluded in the transactions of the city, for it ls
oy C aarleston men and Charleston capital thal
these Improvements 'iave been made, and
there has probably been not less than $200,000
expended during the p sst year ia building
operations OD the Island.
Intimately connect?e1 with the subject of
leal estate ls the building trade, and the ac?
tivity that bas been displayed In this line
throughout the year has been truly remark?
able. Thu evidences of thia activity are to
be observed ID every street and on almost
every square in the city, and the local col
umns of THE NEWS have teemed, from tim?
1 to time, with the descriptions of the enter
prises. The builders report that the trade
' during the year Just cLsed has been Jargei
than that of any year since 1867. The iradi
during that year was exceptionably good, bul
for a year or two thereafter the operatione
thia llae were less numerous and importe
In 1870 a considerable amount of money \
expended lu the neighborhood, ot Charles
in the erection of the phosphate manufac
rles and warehouses, but this proved onl
temporary revival, and it has not been ui
within the past twelve months that thiB !
portant industry has assumed the proportk
to which it attained in 1867. During the yi
just closed the new buildings in the city i
numbered by hundreds, and they include st
important structures as the Masonic Temp
the new German Church and the n
Charleston Exchange; the mechanics have
been kept busy, and at better wages th
were ever before paid In Charleston; ev<
indusrry which ls dependent upon the bul
lng trade bas grown and prospered, and
least one enterprise has been establish
which ls quite novel in Charleston, a
which promises to prove an Important s
dillon to (he city's commerce. This enti
prise consists o? the manufacture ol "reac
made houses" for shipment to the Interior
the Southern States, or to any point whe
skilled labor is not accessible, or where t
ready-made structures can successfully coi
pete, from their cheapness and good quain
with the productions of the carpenters upi
the spot. Tala business ls now conducted
Mr. John H. Devereux at bis steam saw mi
on the Ashley River, and he has alreai
shipped a considerable number of dwelling
barns, ic, to different portions of the Soul
One dwelling house Just completed at tb?'
mills ls a two-story pitch roof frame cot-^g'
measuring forty by forty-three feet en th
grouud floor, and containing six roomi
which cost the purchaser, delivers' OD th
vessel by which lt is to be trauf/otic?, Jui
The transactions In cotton rp to the closet
the commercial year on S-'Ptember 1, 187!
have already been fully reviewed In TH
NEWS, and the encouraging report ther
made of the progress oed prospecta ot ia
Charleston cotton trade has been fully con
firmed by the transactions of the past fev
months. A prominent dealer, in reply to
question as to the trade of the fall ci 1872 a
cor"i&red with the corresponding season o
1871', yesterday e?? cdsed hlmse>r<*o ioiiO>??
"The transactions o? our house have showi
an Increase ol about lorty per cent,, and
havejua. doubt, that the trade lu the city bai
lecreased fully iwenty-flve per cent. Wean
still behind Savannah in our gross receipt?, bu
we sell a greater proportion of the cotton re
eel ved than the Savannah dealers do, and tnt
proportion of BaleB to gross receipts has beet
larger in Charleston than lu any prevloui
year since the war. The area In the cotter.
Suction which ls the feeder of Charleston ii
constantly increasing, and this year we an
receiving more of the staple irom Edgefield
Abbeville and other western border counties
Our gross receipts from September 1 to dan
are a lillie over forty per cent. In advance o
those for the fall ot 1871, and th? volume o:
sales in Charleston may be fairly estimated at
about the same proportion. Il would nor
however, be accurate to estimate that Iht
crop ol this year would show that exient ol in?
crease over last year's crop, as there are 8
variety ol reasons which may be Impelling an
early movement of colton from the luierlor;
but Irom the Increased acreage reported, and
the Increased use ol fertilizers, lt ls sale to
assume thai t he crop of South Carolina will Le
Killy twelve or aileen percent, greater thar
lu long staple cotton the volume of produc?
tion on the sea Islands is reported to have in?
creased nearly fifty per cent, over the produc?
tion ol the same period of last year, but there
has been a large falling off in prices, owing tc
Increased competition Irom Peru, ^j-ith Sea
blands, Egypt and Brazil.
The principal occurrence of the year, in
Ioc tl cotton circles, has been the orgauzulon
of inc Cuuriesiou Exchange and the erection
of its tine building on Atlantic wharf. This ls
an Institution which has already proved a
irreal convenience, and which promises, when
il shall be tully organized and In complete
operation, lo contribute materially to the
commercial prosperity and Importance of the
Tae oc?an and coastwise transportation
facilities now enjoyed by Charleston are com?
plete and admirable, a number ol Important
additions to the merchant fleet having been
made taring the past year. The fleet of steam?
ships plyltg between this port aud New York
City now comprises six large vessels, with an
aggregate ueasurement ot' eighty-five hun?
dred ions, auc a carrying capacity of more
lhau two hundid and Atty thousand bales of
cotton per aumin. This affords tri-weekly
dispatch from eitler port throughout the year,
wiih elegant accommodations lor passengers,
and admirable facilities for freight. The
freighting business for the latter half ofibe
year has been unequaled by any similar pe?
riod In recent years, the imports ot
assorted merchandise from the North
having been unusually Urge as well
at> the cotton moment to New York
and through to Europe. The through cotton
buslntag of the year has been a signal success,
and as &n evidence of the dispatch attained
In this buftnesa lt may be noticed that a par?
cel ot sea isknd colton was recently lauded io
Liverpool in lt?e ^precedented time of four?
teen days from Ita shipment at Charleston.
The advantages thu:, shown by this port In
through shipments to lurope have, el course,
attracted a good deal ot vrade Irom competing
"lines, and the Georgia fcjntral Railroad has
recently given evidence ol'is appreciation of
this fact lu the late report ofaresldent Wadley
deploring the Inability of the company to de?
clare its usual dividend.
A new line between this pori and Boston
has been established during the y?ar, and has
proven very successful. The steaqer Merce
dtla was the pioneer ol this line, ant arrived
here about the flrst o? last September with a
large cargo or fish, shoes, furniture, -runny
cloth and wooden and hollow ware, ant has
made regular trips ever since with slmiar
cargoes from Boston, and with full loads fr?ai
this port of cotton, rice and naval st?ret.
Another steamer, the Flag, has Just, been pul
on this line, and will sall hence from Bostoc
next Saturday afternoon, which will afforc
facilities for a regular weekly line, stiling
every Saturday from each port, and with t
total measurement of sixteen hundred lons.
The Charleston and Baltimore line, com
i prising three fine steamers of six hundrec
tons each, has also done au excellent iradi
i during the year. A leading feature of iht
, trade o? this line in winter Is the carrying o
Immense quarr ii ie? of rice to the terminus o
.' the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad tor trans
. portatlon to the markets of the Non h west
i and bringing return loads of grain and pro
: visions irom Chicago, Milwaukle, Cinda
t natl, ?tc.
I The Charleston and Philadelphia steamshli
line comprises two Iron steamers, w lil efl
been on ibis line two years, and have bulli
large and flourishing business. This rea
Une has met with signal success, the ?tea
going and returning on every trip will
cargoes, and being compelled In many <
io leave freight on their wharves.
The Peedee Elver ls supplied with se1
superior craft, with a capacity of twelve
dred or fifteen hundred bales each, am
Saniee has equal accommodations, and e
landing on these streams ?re regularly
?ted, and the people accommodated wilh cl
and excellent facilities. Fy these meant
mense quantities of cotton naval, stores,
and other products are brought to the
where they meet one ?f the best marke:
the country. To the south, Edlsto, Beau
and vicinity have speedy and regular st
transportation, boh by vessel anjjjg?j
the means o? communication wlthrBB
are good and .inproving. To GeorghP
Piorida one of the best steam lines on
coast is now running, which ls doing a lt
and remunerative business, and the passet
and (reign' movement by this route ls valm
and grovaog; the country reached prodt
the riehst staples, and the important iradi
that dfectlon ls only in its Infancy. Mos
the fountry ls capable of raising sugar, cot
au? tobacco In the greatest perfection.
The direct trade between Charleston i
European ports during the past year has bi
In a most flourishing condition, the pack
bringing salt, railroad iron, crockery,
and metals, and returning with colton t
naval stores. The clearances during the p
four months have been unusually numen
to all the principal ports of the United Kl
dom, and to Havre, Bremen, Genoa and oil
conlinental points. The coastwise pac!
lines have also been fully employed duri
the year, a fleet of nearly one hund?
schooners and brigs oeiog kept busy w
freights of cotton, naval stores, phospbat
lumber, 4c, between this city and almi
every port of the Atlantic coast.
A very large Increase lu the production a:
shipment of turpentine and rosin is report
during the past year, and the entire tlc
water section of this State, as also the vail
of the Peedee River, lu now dotted all ov
with < W-0W.. turpentine dlsilleries. Tt
branca of Industry ls coming principally fro
North Carolina, whose forests have bei
depended upon as the main supply of ali the
products for so many years, that they are gc
ling stripped and unremuneratlve, and il
turpentine men uow seek the vast prlmev
forests of South Carolina. The consequem
ls a steady increase In the trade in this line
Charleston and Georgetown, which amount?
during the past year to fully fifty per cen
above that of 1871, und which promisee
equal Increase for the year Just opening. Tl
quantity ot rosin and spirits of lurpentii
Bhlpped from this port during the past t wen
months is estimated at from 200.000 lo 220,01
The .lobbing Trude
of Charleston is 3leadily advancing, and
getting every year upon a firmer basis, wit
constantly Increasing proportions. The dr
goods trade during the past year has Bhow
an Increase of about twenty-five per cen
over the trade of 1871, and the sales at whol?
sale have amounted to about two and one-ha
million dollars. The increased demand I
owing partly to th* appearance In th
Cnarlestun market of purchasers who hav
formerly goue North for their supplies, but
is probably more largely due to the increai
ed prosperity ot the Interior merchants, wh
are now buying larger bills, and upon mor
prompt aud saiislactory terms than at an
previous ser son since the war. There hav
been no chaoges amoDg the business house
In this line daring the past year.
The same general remarks will apply to th
wholesale clothing, boot and slice, hat an
cap, and fancy goods trades. Business 1
each ot these lines hat shown a noticeable lo
creas* in the amount of transaction?, wit
prompt collection?, and few If any lossee
The area ot country looking to Charleston fo
its supplies of mercbandiae In these lines 1
also constantly Increasing, and trade ha
been flowing into the city during the yea
from various portions of Georgia and Nortl
Carolina in addition to the trade of this State
which bas always been enjoyed by Charleston
In Hie hardware trade the largest businesi
has been transacted during ihe past year lha
has been known In Charleston since Ihe war
the Increased volume of trade being due large
ly to the accession ot buyers in this and th?
adjoining Slates, who have in former yean
been iradtng with New Turk. The prices it
many anieles of hardware have advancec
materially during the year, owing to th?
heavy advances in the cost o? metals, but thc
mercbauts of Charleston have been enabler,
to sell Just as closely as any In th? country
and, indeed, during some portions of Ihe yeai
they have had an advantage over the North
ern markets, owing to their facilities for dlreci
importation. The position o? Charleston ls i
favorable one in this respect, vessels coming
from Great Britain, Sweden, 43., tor cotton,
being frequently enabled io bring heavj
freight to Charleston at lower rales than tc
New York, where the demand for ocean
transportation ls much more constant.
The manulacturers and dealers in steam
and oiher machinery, mill fixtures, 4c, re?
port the heaviest business o? any year since
the war, the increase in sales being estimated
I at from tweniy-flve to thirty per cent, ovei
1871. One prominent cause of this prosperity
ls the large Increase In tho number of saw.
mills throughout the State caused by the de?
mand for lumber, ties, 4c, for building and
railroads, and the comparative depletion ol
ihe Northern forests. A large and Increasing
demand for engines, pumpB, wagons, ?tc,
has also been caused by the transfer ot thc
production of Daval stores to South Carolina,
and very large shipments of such suppli?e
have been made during the past year lo pointe
all along the lines ot the Northeastern, Sa?
vannah and Charleston, and South Carolins
The Retail Trade.
of Charleston has during the past year receiv?
ed a marked Impetus from the general condi?
tion ot prosperity enjoyed by all classes of out
citizens, and the new life and activity in all
ines of retail trade has exhibited itself In the
Host gratify!jg manner by the embellishment
of',he business houses and Ihe erection ol
new8tores In all the business portions o? the
. city. The most marked improvements in thle
line ha*e been made along the whole of King,
i from Br>ad to Line streets, and there is now
fcardly avacant store on that busy thorough?
fare. Anequal Improvement is remarked In
t the quantity and character of the stocks which
f load me ?helves and counters o? the retail
stores. Tlie demand during the year, and
especially -luring the holiday season, which
' hos Just been finished, has been for a better
? class or articles lu dry goods, clothing, jew
. elry, 4c, than has been required in any other
season since Vie war. and the holiday trade
throughout the city has been remunerative
> and satisfactory.
THE EVENTS OF THE YEAS.
Public Occnrrences in State and City
In 1879. x
The following ls a chronological statement
of the principal occurrences within the bor?
ders of ihe Slate of South Carolina during the
year 1872 :
January 8. Drawing ol the Academy of
Music gift scheme. First annual Message of
Januarys. Organization of the Charleston
Light Dragoon Association.
January 10. Tournament at Charleston Fair
January 17. Circuit judges elected by the
January 19. Great Ure at Abbeville Court?
January 23.^-solution Impeaching Gover?
nor Scott Introduced In the House of Repre?
February 2. Execution of Samuel White,
colored, at Charleston, for the murder ot Vf.
February 7. Defeat of the Metropolitan
police scheme In ihe General Assembly.
February ll. Installation of Rev. T. W.
Dost), as pastor of St. Joh a's Lutheran Church.
February 19. Radical mate Convention.
Maroh 10. Dedication of the Plymouth
(colored) Congregational Church.
March 13. Adjournment of the General As?
March 15. Great fire at Union Courthouse.
March 28. Dedication of the German Luth?
April L Opening of the new Inferior Court,
of Cnarleston, by Judge George Lee, colored.
April 6. Negro procession and riot at Co?
April 18. Tornado at Chester and Columbia.
April 22. Opening of the German Sch?tzen?
May 1. Floral exhibition by the State Agri?
May 1. Tournament at Orangeburg.
May 8. Tournament of the Charleston Steam
May 9. Episcopal Diocesan Convention
Southern Lutheran Synod.
May 10. Memorial Day.
May 15. State Sunday-School Convention.
May 20. Tournament of the Charleston
Hand Fire Engines.
Mav 25. Violent storm at Charlcsfon.
May 27. Rifle Club Festival under the
auspices or the Irish Rifle Club.
June 8. Charleston Regatta. >
June ll. Stale Democratic Convention at
June 23. Christchurch reopened.
July L Shooting of N. F. Turner by Captain
C. J. Black, at Blackville.
August 21. Radical Stale Convention.
AuguBt 23. Bolters' State Convention.
Heptember 9. Murder of hedry L>. Pei. In by
L. L Woolf.
September 13. Organization of the Carolina '
September 10. Negro riot on the Port Royal
September 21. Homicide of Captain John D.
Caldwell, at Columbia. <
October 16. Slate election. Franklin J.
Moses, Jr., elected Governor.
October 22. Organization at Columbia of the
South Carolina Peace Society.
November 2. Appearance ol the epizootic In
November 4-8. State Fair at Columbia.
November 5. Presidential election and Stale
senatorial elections In Chester and Union
November 14. Municipal thanksgiving In
November 14. Annual session at Columbia
of the Presbyterian .^ynod or South Carolina.
November 17. Great Ure at Abbeville.
November 19. Bankuplcy proceedings
agaiust the Greenville and Columbia Railroad
Company denied by Judge Bryan.
November 20-23. Baptist State Convention
November 26. Election ol city oflicers by the
Charleston City Council.
November 26. Meeting of the General As?
sembly tor the regular session of 1872-'73.
November 27. Opeuing ot the Charleston
November 27-29. Fall races at Sherwood
Course, Barnwell County.
November 28. National thanksgiving day.
December 3. Inaugural ion of Governor
December 10. Dedication of the Masonic
Decemner 10. Eleollon by the General As?
sembly of John J. Pat terson as United States
senator. Arrest ol Patterson lor bribery.
December 12. Annual meeting ol the Sur?
December 12-17. South Carolina M. E. Con?
ference at Anderson.
December 13. E ectlon by the General As
semoly ot Richard B. Carpenter as Judge ol
the Filth Circuit.
December 15. Great fire at Chester.
December 20. Day of Intercession In the
December 21. Opening of the new Sumter
Theatre and Town Hall.
December 24. Rioting on King street,
December 25. Hard freeze throughout the
Slate. Thermometer falls to nine desees, and
three persons frozen to death lu Columbia.
December 28. Disastrous colton fire on
board the bark J. E. Duffie at Charleston.
THE CHINESE EMPEROR'S WEDDING.
[From the London Dally News.]
PEKIN, Ocgsber 12.
The fortunate day and hour lor the Imperial
wedding have been fixed, and the ceremony
will take place awdajljght to-morrow (full
moon.) The forets ministers have all been
asked to requesCtoreluners not to go to-day
oruo-morrow Into any of the streets through
wrTlch the procession going tor and returning
with the bride will paBS, and the ministers
have consented, but have relumed very cold
answers, as the Chinese government has not
had the courtesy io advise ihem officially that
the wedding was to take place. We have
been able to see something of the arrange?
ments, but very lillie, and are hoping to see
some more this afternoon.
OOTOBKB 16.-We had what I had never ex?
pected- a perfect view of the procession yes?
terday. We succeeded In pelling Immediate?
ly opposite the entrance lo the Imperial Pal?
ace, and in persuading the mandarins sent up
to order ns down that we ought to be allowed
to stay, and they fortunately assented. The
coup ?'oil was magnificent. The procession
was not very long, but the dresses and ap?
pointments! were splendid. First came a
prince on horseback; thea 48 white ponies
with yellow housings, led by men in scarlet;
the band, In scarlet, silent; 32 bauners, 48
fans (big round things.) 2 black umbrellas, 2
whltedltto, 6 yellow ditto, 6 red ditto, 2 blue
ditto, 2 embroidered yellow ditto, 192 lan?
tern? (all these things carried by men In scar?
let;) Prince Rung, looking very handsome* on
horseback, with biB four-bearer chair carried
beside him; the chair, yellow and gol?' "Ur
rled by 16 coolies, all In scarlet (with bat. >
with 16 spare coolies to relieve them (.
chair apparently containing the bride;} abou
100 officials on horseback, in their best
clothe?; aooul 200 officials on foot, ditto.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-John A. Brown, ihe oldest banker and
broker of Philadelphia, died ye9terdiy, aged
-..Southerly to easterly winds, cloudy weather
and proba .Iv ?Ula rain" are promised to day for
the South Atlantic States.
-All the prisoners confined In ihe Frankfort,
Ky., jil' escaped last Monday night by cutting
through the roof.
-The Lee family or circus performers, consist?
ing or elaht persons, huve been murdered by
Apaclus while travelling through Arizona.
-The troops sent to Arizona to fight the In?
dians-have not yet succeed in driving the wor
rlorr from their stronghold at Ben Wright's Cave.
-The plget.n mai ch at New York between Paine
and Parker resulted In a tie eighty-seven birds
each. They then agreed t-i shoot orr at ave pairs
Buen, when-Palne won by ihree turds.
-Captain Wilton, of thc United Stales steamer
Tai t c, has had an Interview at Zanzibar, Africa,
with the sultan or Muscat, who promised to make
every effort to Biippresi the kidnapping and sale
or African slaves. ft,
-The New York Chamber or Commerce, at its
meeting to-morrow, will take action on the bille
now pending tn Conuress In refereuce to emigra?
tion and the New York c mmlsslonera of eml
trallon will memorialize OWUrrcas In oppposltloi
to the bid in the House to pNSiote emigration tx
the United States.
The Old Year'? Requiem.
To-night the Old Tear dies the death;
White snows like shrouds abont bim cling:
"The klug ls dead l Long lire the king I"
The New Year draws his Drat faint breath:
The ecnoeB of the midnight bell
Ring oar. ii chime, and toll a knell.
Thus Life and Desth a breath divides;
The Old and New lie near together,
And scarcely know we yet, well, whether
The currents of these ohauglng tides
Will bear the barks we launch to port,
Or wreck them ruthlessly In sport
What hostage hath the Pas ?give
For certainty or rature good r
And even If Death's cold Hps could
Breathe on Hope's dust, and make lc live
How could we trust so false a thing
AB thia dlSQoncr'd, dying klog.
What honors Bhoold such kings receive?
Dlshoaor'd royalty that wins
The suffrages of all the sins
That unto erring mankind cleave:
What burial r-suoh as hangmen give
To knaves-that r. eip the vultures lire 1
Nine men are ka are s, and one ls trae t
One man hath brains, and nine have-"brass I"
'Tis thus lt sometimes comes to pass
That lying kings. Old Tear, like you,
Are robed In purple, and receive
The worship that makes to ls believe.
And dare we welcome this new king
With poans cf triumphant song ?
Will falsehood falter f troth be strong ?
Will bia attendant hours bring
Some better girts than gined Hes
Wherewith to dazzle onr Bad eyes '
wm he be made of daintier dost
Than this Old Year of carrion clay f
Is thia the dawning of a day
That hides beneath Its shadowy ernst
Glad gleams ant. jiff,-as Summer's rose
Sleeps curtained under Winter's snows r
The feet that trod the olden ways
Moat mi -? Btlll the sew Year's path:
W,iat eteKA\,e"cna.t now the atleruja'ti
Shall mat : h the harvest of thoBo days
When trusty kings, thro' happy reigns,
Kept bat scant gleanings ror their gains.
They brought na blessings manifold,
And asked but-honors in return;
But now the lordliest hand must earn
Such guerc on as a rogue would hold
A fair exchange for venal vote
That helped to pitch his tatter'd coat.
The Dollar Telty alons
Can our naked wrongs redress;
The one true Profit ls-Success l
Can Honor, or cm Truth atone
For failure or the lack of dross
Wherewith we planter every loss?
New Year, whose minutes but begin
With the last echoes or the Bell,
arter wo'vo rung th? old Year's knell,
?hall desolate dirges ring yon in f
Shall Freedom pass beneath the spears,
And Hope look blindly thro' her tears ?
Yet Hope bath wings, and will not stay
Locked In by ru? ted pr h on ba?;
Love, too, looks upwards to the stars,
Previsioning the dawning day ;
And Truth and Freedom, hand in hand,
Still seek the distant Eden land.
JOTTINGS ABOUT TBE STATE.
-On Christmas day the Beaufort Dramatic
Association paraded en costume.
-Greenville ls going to start a new Repub?
-Four deaths from meningitis In Newberry
-The Right Rev. Bishop Lynch officiated at
St. Peter's Church lo Columbia on Sunday
-Attorney-General S. W. Mellon and ex
Attorney-General D. H. Chamberlain consti?
tute the latest new law firm in Columbia.
-During ihe past week lhere has been a
large Increase In the travel over the uew Con
garee bridge al Columbia.
-Bishop Quintare! was detained in Ander?
son by the storm, and will not arrive lo Co?
lumbia lill Thursday next. He will preach
there In Trinity Church on the following Sun?
-William Carr, who was shot and killed re?
cently near Newberry Courthouse by the ac?
cidental discharge of a pistol, ls said to have
been a very worthy young man.
-The ladles of Marlon are engaged io the
praiseworthy work ot getting up concerts,
charades, ?c., to raise lunda for the cemetery
ol that town.
-A grand ball was announced to take
Dlace ladt night at Willlsion. Amongst the
managers was Mr. S. B. Woodberry, of musical
fame, and formerly ol Charleston.
-During the past week things in Columbia
in general, and around the Statehouse in par?
ticular, have been dull, stale, flat and unprofit?
-Ex-policeman Welles, who was arrested
In Columbia a lew days ago on a charge of
obi al ni og goods under lat se pretences, bas
been released from Jail upon a writ of habeas
-Columbia complains of the bad condition
ol the streets, of Bink holes and stumbling
places, and oi want ot light. There are
other pitfalls and "ways that are dark" In
Columbia besides the holes in the streets.
-N. G. Parker (ex-State treasurer) ? Co.
are about lo erect a very handsome building
In Columbia on Richardson street, near Ger?
vais. It will be three stories high, all Iron
and brick, fifty-two feet iront, and two hundred
-The dinner for the poor colored children
ol Beaufort, gotten up at the arsenal by Gen?
eral Whipper's wife and Mr. Phillp Ezekiel
."a'j a successful affair, by which one hundred
id twenty-five children were made happy or
. ' general court-martial has been ordered
to B. u the headquarters of Columbia lor thc
trial oi" such persons in the military service o
the United Slates as may be brought before
lt. The court will convene on January 3t
-An accident occurred at Columbia on las
Saturday to a lad nine years old, a son ol Mr
John Fltzslmmons. Whilst walking acrosi
the trestle on the Greenville and Columbi)
Railroad he slipped and fell, receiving i
very bad gash ou ihe chin, but he was dolnj
well at last accounts.
-Fine weather in Colombia on Monday
but disagreeable to pedestrians on account o
the melting enow and slippery pavements
The atmosphere at t?ie North ls said to havi
presented a smoky blue appearance. Ant
peoples'laces looked as though the blues wen
contagious, for walking through tbe slush wa
not a labor of love.
-The Aiken Tribune, In a Just eulogy o
the claims ot' Aiken as a sanitary resort, cite
the case of a citizen of South Carolina who
travelling In Europe for bis health, consulte)
an eminent physician In Paris respecting bl
case, and to his astonishment was advised t
return to a small town In South Carolina calld
"Aiken" as the best and most speedy mean
ot recovering biB health.
SUB 8 AV Alfy AB. FAIR.
A Good Attendance and . Flea? am
[SPECIAL TELEQRAH TO TBS NRWfl.]
SAVANNAH, December 3L
Tbe second day of the second annual exhi?
bition of the AgrlcnUural and Mechanical Aaaool
^it?nhaa been better attended than the opening
dWft|8terday. Tbe sweepstake race was won by
Allegation of Charlestoniana are
expect?Fri moSow morning, and an attractive
programme or trotting and running races and
other sports ts announced for New Tear's Day.
The Augusta Sabre Club will arrive Thursday,
and the tournament and bal) have been flied ror
TBE F ROZ EX MISSISSIPPI.
Fears or a Serions Disaster at St.
ST. Loma. December 31.
There Ia a drizzling rain to-day, and the
snow ls disappearing. The gorge abive the
bridge la yet unbroken, but if tao i aln contlnu-s
the bridge w;ll not be crossed, for fear of tha
breaking or the gorge and deatrnotlon or the
A Flood at Memphis.
MEMPHIS, December 31.
The weather ls clear and soft. The river
has risen and ls still rising.
All the ahore Ice below Woir River disappeared
daring last night. A large qnantlry or ice is mu?
mu* in i he river, and it is believed that t ho gors o
at Randolph la broken, bot the loe Has softened so
mach that no farther damage ls apprehended
The coats at the levees are loading and preparing
to leave. e 8
Troubles of the New Yorkers.
NEW YORK, December 31.
Two Inches of BOOW fell last, night, and a
heavy fog to-day Interferes with the retries. The
Ice In Hell Gate channel ls verv heavy, and the
Sound ateamer8 have difficulty in working
'brough. The loe In the North river above the
city hat oaMrely slopped navigation. The
wreck of the brig Cyclone has gone to pieces.
Freaks of the Ice King at Cincinnati.
CINCINNATI, December 31.
Early this morning the ice broke the ateamers
Mountain Boy, Mesnenarer and Grey Eagle loose
from their moorings at the foot or Walnut atreet.
and carried them down on to the mall line wharf
boat at the foot of Vint street, sinking Mountain
Boy, and seriously damaging the other two boats.
A CBAPIER OF CASUALTIES.
_ CINCINNATI, December 31.
St. James Episcopal Church ls burned.
Kaw YORK. D cember 81.
It ls reported that tho steamer Costa moa bad
her propeller broken December 20rb, In the On f
or Mexico Tho bark Columbus, from Bremen.
art?r seventy-lour d .ys rough passage, arrived
3E5JJ - 'n<*. with R^veo surviving passengers,
i ne.**?i? ui?i-iwo hlrths and twenty-two deaths
daring the passage.
LOM>OV. December 31.
The wra'her to dey la tempestaou?, and conald
erabie damage o ahipplng has been reporter.
MONTRE A L, December 31.
A dre in St. Paris street destroyed half a mil?
lion donara worth of propem. The thermometer
was Alteen degrees below zero, and the water
froze as lt fell.
HALIFAX, N. 8., December 31.
The schooner Lor t or Islands, from St. Mar
tin's, has beea wrecked on Iron Bonnd Island.
The captain, mate and fou - of nie crew perished.
ALEXANDRIA. VA.. December 81.
A block of live b.lcfc. warehouses on Colon
street was mimed ia?, matu., ijoss one huudred
tnouaand dollars. "
SWINDLING ASA SCIENCE.
A shrewd fellow, whose wits are keener
than his moral sense, has been conducting the
cotton business In the vicinity of Alston on a
new plan, and has succeeded, both literally
and figuratively speaking, In bagging about
one hundred bales. He would buy a lew
bales, pay for them, appoint an agent for the
purchase of such as might be bronght into
the depot station, the agent receiving for the
same certificates that they had been sold, lu
this manner he secured one hundred bales,
the certificates being sent to the person who
Btopped temporarily iu Columbia, and who,
represented that he was operating for a
certain house In Augusta. He drew upon
ihese certificates for about fifty dollars per
hale, and suddenly became non eat inventua..
His whereabouts have become a matter of
Interest, and he will be searched lor most
"^srCL?^?RT?ND HARMLESSAS WA
TER- NATrANV CRYSTAL DISCOVERT FOR
TUE ll A IR.-A perfectly clear preparation In one
bottle, as easily applied as water, for reatorlng to
gray bair its natural color and youthful appear?
ance, to eradicate and prevent dandruff, to pro?
mote the growth of the hair and stop Its falling
ont. It la entirely harmless, and perfectly free
from any poisonous substance, and will therefore
take the place of all the dirty and unpleasant
preparations now lu use. Numerous testimonial?
have been sent ns from many of onr moat promi?
nent citizens, some of which are subjoined. In
everything la which the articles now In uje arc
objectionable, CRYSTAL DISCOVERY ls perfect
It ? warranted to con'aln neither Sugar of Lead,
Sulphur or Nitrate or Sliver, it does n~t soil the
clothes or scalp, is agreeably perfumed, ana
makes one of the beat dresalnga for the bair In
nae. It restores the color of the hair "more per?
fect and uniformly than any other preparation,"
and always does so la from three to ten days,
virtually feeding the roots or the hair with all
the nourishing quain lei necessary te Its growth
and healthy condition; lt restores the decayed
and induces a new growth of the hair more posi?
tively thaa anything else. The application of this
wonderful discovery also produces a pleasant and
cooling effect oa the scalp and gives the hair a
pleasing and elegant appearance. Price fl a
bottle. ARTHUR NATTANS,
Inventor and Proprietor, Washington, D. 0.
For Bale by the Agent, Da. H. BAB R,
No. 131 Meeting street, Charleston, S. 0.
OFFICE OF COUNTY TREAS?
URER, FIRE-PROOF BUILDING, CHARLESTON,
S. C., DECEMBER 27, 1872.-In accordance with
Chapter XIII, Section 6 or Revised Statutes, Mitt
Office will be open ror thc Collection or the Taxes
or 1872, State and County, on the first day cf
January, 1873, at the following rates or Levy:
To meet appropriations for
the fiscal year commencing
November l, 1872.6 mills on a dollai
For payment of deficiencies
for the fiscal year ending
October 81. 1872.5 m ll iq on a dolAi
For aapport of rree schooli.2 milla on a ?lollai
For county purposes.8 milla cw a dollai
Poll tax one do lar per capita.
All taxes not paid on or belorp the 15th day oi
Jannary, 1873, will be liable to an addition or 2(
per cent, penalty. WM. GURNEY.
County Treasurer Charleston County.
0 H N CHADWICK,
CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA,
REED & KEIM,
LAND AGENTS AND NEGOTIATORS.
TO LAND OWNERS AND OTHERS.
We having- established a Bureau In London, fo
the neROiiation and sale or Colton and Klee Plan
tatlona large Tracts ot Timber Land and otha
Estates Mlues, Water PoweiB and Charters lc
va uabl? franchises. Invite the attention or all li
terested to our great facilities ior bringing ana
property to the notice or capitalists, farmers aa
manufacturers in England, Ireland and SCOtlane
and the Continent ol Europe.
For circulars, giving full particulars, addrea
enclosing postage stamp,
JOHN CHADWICK A 00.,
dec:4 Charleston, 8. 0.
I iJ??ER~iiBB?FFB--011 'ne ??th or Decem?
ber, at the realdence or the bride'* moth? br
?^n*.yoSngMt.daQ8|lWr or ll?e Ute MIMBI
LeBuffe. No cards.
HO WAK D-DEBRT.-On the 26th of December
by toe Rev J. H. Elliott. T. Y ? Bowi^? o'
M. DEBET, both of thij city. Ko card?. *
WILKINSON-ALLSTON-On Monday, Ule8?ttl
December. 1872, at the realdence of tb? bride's
atint, by the Rev. J. B. Seabroook, Mr. JAX a wi
WILKINSON to Miss GBA?II A. ALLSTON, bott of
thia city. No cards. si
**Al>SHAW-BRYAN-In ?Wa city, on tua
evening ortnesoth. hy xhejBev. W. B. fates. Mr.
ALONZO W. BE?DSHAW, of Calnhoy. a. 0.. to Min
SABAH E. BBT?N. of Georgetown, S. G. Na
D.BJ7LTL7rMAZY0K-On December 18th. by tba
Rev. J. Q. Drayton, Dr. W. IZABD BOLLW MART
j-ATHBRrNa, eldest daughter of the late Ales. H.
fnn eral IS o ncr s.
THE BELAT1YES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mr. and Mts. ALBERT KOEN
N EOKE, and also those of their sons and dango.*
ters, are respectfully invited to altead the Fune?
ral Services or the former, at bis late realdence,
so. is America street, at 2 o'clock, TE? Ama?
NOON. _ JANL..
?ST FREUND8CHAFTCB?ND.-T H B
numbers or this Society are requested to attend
the Funeral o: meir late Brother Member, A.
KOENNEOKE, Sr, THIS DAT, at 2 P. M., from bis
late residen ce, No. ie America street.
J. M. PETERSEN,
GLENN.-Died, in Newberry County, on Sun?
day, the 16th or December last. Mrs. HABT ANN
GL?NN. relict or the late Dr. George W. Glenn, in
the 83d year or her age.
JENKINS.-Died, in New Orleans, on the32d
December, Dr. J. Ptravis JENKINS, in the Sid year
or hu age, only son ot T. 0. Jenkins, formerly of
.'There ls everlasting peace,
Rest, enduring rest In Heaven." *
??-CITY HALL, OFFICE CLERK OF
CO UNGI L, CHARLESTON,';?. C., DECEMBER SI,
1872.-To-?AT (Wednesday,) being Sew Tear's
Day, the city offices will be closed.
W. W. SIMONS,
J ml Clerk of Connell.
pm- UNION BANK OF SOUTH OARO
LINA, CHARLESTON, JANUARY 1, 1IJ73.-Notice
ls hereby given that Books will be open at th?
Banking House on THURSDAY, 2d instant, and
oontlnue open ror.thirty days, for me purpose of
receiving addMonal Subscriptions to the Capital
Stock of mts Hank as authorized under Act of
the QoM?al anaembly. H. D. ALKX&KDKB,
CONSIGNEES FEA STEAMSHIP
CAMPION, from New York, are notified that
she will discharge cargo THIS DAY, at Adger's
Sooth Wharf. Goods uncalled for at sunset wfil
remain on the wharf at owners' risk.
JanM JAMES ADC ER ft CO., Agent*. .
UNION BANK OP SOUTH CARO?
LINA, CHARLESTON, DEG KM BER 2 1, 1872.-A
Semi Annual DIVIDEND OF FIVE PER CENT.,
(iree from all Tax,) having been declared by tba
Board of Directors, the same will be paid at tba
Bink on and after MONDAY, Otb day of January,
proximo. H. B. ALEXANDER,
jar NOTICE-ALL PERSONS ABE
hereby cautioned against harboring or' trusting
any of the Crew of the British Bark TRANMERE,
M. P. McElhlnney, Master, as no debts of their
contracting will be paid by Master or Consign?e.'
dec3i-3 HENRY CARD, Agent.
^-PEOPLE'S NATIONAL BANK.
CHARLESTON, 8. C., DECEMBER 80, 1872. -
The Board of Directors ht,*lng declared a Semi
aLnual Dividend of Five Per Cent, (free of taies)
on lu Capital Stock, the same will be paid on
and after MONDAY, the ddt January next.
decSl H. 0. LOPER, Cashier.
?ar TAXES.--STAT- AND COUNT F
T A X E S .-COUNTY TREASURER'S OFFICE,
COURTHOUSE, WA LT ER BOR O', S. C.-Notice la
hereby given that this office will be open for tl
receipt of the .state and Coun'y Taxe] for the
year 1872 on the Soth day of December, 1872.
All taxes not paid on or before the 16th instant,
will be liable to a penalty of Twenty per Cent.
All Real and Pt nona! Property ts charged with
twelve (12) mills on the dollar for State purposes,
and three (8) mills on the dollar for County pur?
The Treasurer will visit the following named
places In the County to facilitate the collection of
Taxes, and on the days named below the office in
Walter boro' will be closed:
George's Biatlon, January 6 and 7.
Rldgevllle, January 8.
Summerville, January 9.
Adams' Run Depot, January ll.
Smoke's Cross Roads, January 18.
Bell's Cross Roads, January ?L
JAMES W. GRACfc, -
decfio-6 Treasurer OolletOD Ceonty.
DR. TUTT'S HALB DYE MAKES
a man sixty years old look as If he was but thirty.
It can't be detected. Sold by all druggists.
?STOFFI0E OHABLESTON GAS
LIGHT COMPANY, DEO. 28, 1871-The Board Of
Directors of thia. Company bavins; declared a_
Seml-Annual Dividend of ONE DOLLAR PER
SHARE on the capital Stock, the same will be
paid to stockholders on and after me 2d of JAN?
The Transfer Booka win be cloied from this
daw to the 2d or January, 1878.^
dec28 secretary and Treasurer.
(HT THE TROT, N. Y., TULES SAYS
the sprightly teok e: many of our older citizens la
owing MolitV (o the use Of Hali's Vegetable Sicilian
Hair Renewer. dec28-8tath8D4w"
a*- TO ONE AND ALL.-ABE YOU
suffering from t, Cough, Cold, Asthma, Bronchi_ BSSasj
tis or any of the various pulmonary troubles that
io often terminate lo consumption r lr so, ase
WILBOR'S PURE COD LIVER OIL ADD LI UK, a
safe and efficacious remedy. This ls no quack
preparation, but is regularly prescribed by the
medical faculty. Manufactured by A. B. WILBOR,
Chemist, No. 166 Court street, Boston, sold by
DISTRICT TAX NOTICE.-OF?
FICE OF COUNTY TREASURER, FIRE-PROOF
BUILDING, CHARLESTON, S. C., DECEMBER
28, 1872 -In compliance with instructions from
the County Treamrer or Charleston County, the
undersigned win be at ?te above named olttoe
from the first to the flfteenm of January, 1878,
Inclusive, to c?lico- the State and County TAXES
of 1872 for the Fifth Tax District, according to
the rates or levy as already notified by toe coun?
ty Treasurer. MOULTON EMERY,
Deputy Tax Collector.
dec30-mwf6 For the Filth Tax District.
ZS- THE SOUTH CAROLINA LOAN
AND TRUST COMPANY, CHARLESTON, S. G.,
DECEMBER 27, 1872.-The Board of Directors
have declared a Dividend upon the Capital Stock
of this Company of FIVE PERCENT., free of all
taxes, for the past six months.
The same wUl be payable at meir Banking
Hall, No. 17 Broad street, on and arter THURS?
DAY, 2d o f January, 1873.
F. A MITCHELL,