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The Charleston daily news. [volume] (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, March 29, 1873, Image 1

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Thc (Question of Governmental Control
of the Railroads-.The Unfinished Ex?
ecutive Business of the Senate-Gossip
of the Capital.
During tbe session o? the Senate Just closed
leave baa been given to various important
committees to sit during tbe recess. The au?
thority given to the select committee on trans?
portation routes ls very broad and compre?
hensives, Including, In fact, the consideration
of tbe whole question of governmental super?
vision over the estire railroad system of the
country. It woe very significant that no ob?
jection to this sweeping Investigation came
from any ?quarter. Tbe recent action of lead?
ing railroad corporations on the postal car
business bas, as has been stated, done very
much to stifle the voices of those who have
heretofore opposed any Interference by the
government In tba matter or internal improve?
The Senate committee on the levees ol the
Mississippi, at a meeting held yesterday, took
measures for obtaining specific Information
upon that subject through correspondence and
otherwise, and will, during the recess of Caa-"
gress, make a personal examination of that
river and the general Interests connected with
A number of Executive nominations re?
mained unacted upon at tbe adjournment of
tbe Senate. None are ire m South Carolina.
The poBtoffloe department has contracted
with a Springfield company for five million
postal cards, three by five and ooe-bulf Inches
In else, with a one cent stamp and tbe letters
U. 8. P. O. D. water-marked. Toey are to be
delivered by the first of May.
The late executive order o? tbe President
prohibiting ail persons in tbe government ser?
vice from bolding iooal or State offices wilt
shortly be so modified, in respect lo postmas?
ters, that any ot the latter who receivo less
tnt.a one thousand dollars may hold local
Secretary Beikoap leaves to-night for Chi?
cago, whence be goes with Sheridan to San
Francisco on a tour of inspection.
The attorney-general, to-day, recommended
the Bardon ol Allison Hays and Andrew J.
Martin, two alleged South Carolina Ku Klux,
and their pardons will be Issued to-morrow.
Lieutenant-Governor Gleaves and the South
Carolina legislative eommittee to-day visited
the treasury department, and were cordially
received by Assistant Secretary Sawyer;
The Post-office department has received as?
surances thai the great railroad monopoly, to
withdraw the postal cars unless the govern?
ment accedes to their terms, is broken.
Oakes Ames proposes to keep the Kelley
Credit Mobilier bonds until it ls ascertained to
whom they rigbtiully belong.- He also re?
fuses to let tbe attorney-general have his
Signor Moreno, who proposes to organize
company to lay a telegraphic cable lrom San
Francisco lo Japan and cm na, y es te rda v bad
an Interview with President Grant, and re?
ceived from him assurances of good will
towards bis proposed enterprise. His eflbns
are encouraged by promises ot support at the
next session of Congress by mauy leading
senators and represen i ell ves.
The new cable lo be laid between Savannah,
Ga., and Lisbon via the Azores, It is under?
stood, will be put under contract, some lime
this spriog.
Execution of a Negro Murderer at Alex- j
ALEXANDRIA, TA., March 28.
Charles Manley, a colored man, convicted
of the mnrder ot an old white man, a clock
mender, named Mourne, in July lust in Hus
city, was bung to-day in the yard of the juli in
presence of a large concourse. Tbe drop fell
at twenty-one minutes of one o'clock, and the
body bung about twenty minutes. Manley
made a short speech, attributing his crime io
whiskey, and then met hts late with great
A Hanging at Louisville.
LOUISVILLE, KT.. March 38.
Tigmaa Smith was banged here to-day.
Tho Modern Method of Divorce.
CHICAGO, March 28.
Anna Adair bas been arrested ot Lorraine,
Adams Csunty. on a charge of bavlng poison?
ed her husband, who died suddenly in Janu?
ary last. His body has been exhumed tor ex?
Th* Goodrich Murder Mystery.
NEW TORR, March 28.
The police have arrested another woman,
named Lucretia Miers alias Delia Stoddard,
who has had trouble with her husband and
has hadintimate relations witb Charles Good?
rich who was found murdered In Brooklyn.
8he is detained at the first precinct station
house to await ibe result ot me coroner's In?
vestigation, although nothing ls positively
known to connect Der with the tragedy.
Minor Criminalities.
PITTSBURG, PA, March 28.
William Bussell, a conductor on the Pitts?
burg and Cincinnati Railroad, has been con?
victed of embezzlement and tined one hun?
dred dollars. .
BALTIMORE, Marcb 28.
0. B. Briscoe, the agent here for tbeTiresh's
..family circle" whiskey, maoutaciured at
Pittsburg, hos been arrested on a charge ot
embezzlement. He has given bond in ibe
amount ol len thousand dollars.
RICHMOND, March 28.
The seizure of considerable tobacco, and
the destruction of. several Illicit stills, are re
gried on the borders ot Virginia and North
r olin a. .
* _
An Expected Breeze In the French Ai.
? PARIS, March 28.
The petition of Prince Jerome Napoleon,
praying for French' citizenship, ls to oe pre?
sented tu Ule Nanima! Assembly to-morrow.
Upon its introduction the government will
instantly propose to pass to me order of tbe
day, and in me event of an adverse vote upon
this.motion lt will Immediately Introduce a
blirianishlng Bonaparte from France.
The final decision tn the Transcontinental
Raliway case, In whlcb Malor-General John
C. Fremont, of the United States army, and
others are charged with .the Issue of certain
fraudulent bends of the Mem phis and Et Paso
Railroad, was rendered yesterday. Major
General Fremont was lentenced, In bis ab?
sence, to five years' imprisonment and to pay
a fine of three thousand francs.
The Reported Abdication of Don Carlos
LONDON, Marcb 28.
The Carlist committee ot this city publish a
denial that Don Carlos bas gone to Geneva, or
abdicated his claims lo tte 8panlsh throne.
The committee say that Don Carlos ls actively
preparing for as advance npon Madrid, and
will lead nia troops on the day fixed lor the
movement. -
A Crazy American on His Travels.
LONDON, March 28.
An Insane American appeared at the lodge
gate of Windsor Castle, yesterday, and de?
manded admittance to see tne Queen, alleging
ber majesty lo be hts mother. He was ar?
rested by ibe guards, and, upon being threat?
ened with incarceration in the madhouse,
promised to return to the United States.
Probabilities: South and west wlndB, with
cloudy weather, will prevail in the Eastern
and Gulf States; and westerly winds, with
clearing weather, in ihe Southwest. For the
-Bomb Atlantic States easterly winds, with
cloud and rain. For the Middle Atlantic
coast southerly winds back to northeast, with
threatening weather and possibly rain. For
New York and New England south and east
winds, with threatening and rainy weather.
Uauttonary ?lgnals are ordered lor Wilming?
ton, Norfolk and Cape May..
The Ku-Klm Rewards-Tho Barnwell
Election Contested.
COLUMBIA, March 28.
lt ls believed that the appointment ol the
new trial Justices lor Charleston will not be
made bet?re (he first of April.
Governor Moses has appointed Messrs. C.
Davis MeltoD, J. D. Pope and R. B. Elliott,
commissioners to examine and report upon
the claims presented under the appropriation
of thirty-five thousand dollars, made last win?
ter for rewards for the apprehension ol Ku
(Vigorous efforts are being made by the Black
vii.ians to upset the recent election lu Bam
well County to determine the location of the
county seat, which resulted In a small ma?
jority lu favor of removing lt from B.ackvllle
back to Barnwell. The protestants allege In?
timidation of voters and Illegal conduct ou the
part of the managers of election, and have en?
gaged ex-Attorney General D. H. Chamberlain
as their counsel. Qui VIVE.
LIVERPOOL, March 28.
C?ptalo McBeh'd horse Destruction won the
grana steeple chase near this cly. The favor
pite horse. Footman, .broke his neck at one ol
the Jumps.
NEW YORK, March 28.
Ellis Ward and John Biglin have signed arti?
cles for a rowing match at Springfield In July
ALBANY. N. Y., March 28.
The chairman ot tue Judiciary committee of
the Assembly ls about to report, under a reso?
lution ol Instruction by thu House ef Repre?
sentatives, a proposition to amend the State
cooaiLotion so as to grant suffrage to women
holding property to the amount of $250.
-The usury bill ha? been killed In the New
York Legislature.
The steamer "Great Western" ran ashore ID
Lone Island sound last Thursday, but got off
and returned to Bristol.
-Johnson, the Democratic candidate for
the mayoralty of Cincinnati, has been endors?
ed bv the L?benla ofthat city.
-The sale ol the Wilmington, Charlotte and
Rutherford Railroad bas been enjoined on
cont ?il nt nt of Its creditors.
-Rev. Messrs. Thomas and Dyer, the new
peace commissioners, have arrived at the Lava
beds, and auother Interview with, Cantaln Jack
Is sought.
-Tue master and Journeymen carpenters of
New York have bad an unsatisfactory consult?
ai ion. The latter reluse to work by the hour.
The master plasterers of Brooklyn have voted
to rev st die threatened strike.
-lu the Brie Investigation, yesterday, a
clerk lu in* treasury department of the com?
pany testified to the payment of $131,000 to
Wm. M. Tweed, and various smaller hums to
other member* ot the New York Legislature.
-Recent South American advices contain
a rumor thar, the City of San Salvador was de?
stroyed by an eanbquake on the 4th instant.
The usual assort meut of insurrections In the
pelly republics IR also reported.
-Hon. James Brooks ls fast falling, and ls
not exoected to live many days. His brother,
Erastus, has gone to Washington to be with
him during his last hours. The cause of his
lllne.-s is Haid to be mental anxiety, growing
out of the recent Credit Mobilier investiga?
-The cooeregatloo of the Maditon Avenue
M. E. Church, lu Ballimore, ure disinclined to
allow R-v. Dr. Dashiell, who baa been ap?
pointed as ila minister, to assn rn? authority
over mern. Some talk of barring the parson?
age against him.
Death of a Noted Woman-The Wife of
Nine Hasbands.
One of the strangest careers of modem
times has Just terminated la the death ol Lady
Ellenborough, at Damascus. Forty years
ago sh? was one of the most noted women In
Europe, and ber residence in the East has
long been a sort of scandalous romance.
The daughter ol the late Admiral Slr Henry
Dlgny, beautiful, witty and rich, she married
lu 1824 the Earl ol Elleuborough, wno was
afterward Governor General ot India, and
who at that time was one of the mont bril?
liant men of the day. She was about seventeen
years ot uge at the time of lier marriage, and
Ellenborough, who was a widower, was
thirty-four. They lived together some
six years, and her dissolute conduct was a
cause ot scandal for some lime previous to
the catastrophe of ber elopement with Prince
Felix Schwarzenberg, a celebrated roue, then
Austrian Minister lu London. The event
caused an immense sensation tn the world of
aristocracy and fashion. Ellenborough pro?
cured a divorce from Parliament and never
married again ; but bis runaway wife soon
separated from Schwarzenberg, and In 1832
married Baron Venningen, a Bavarian. Tiring
of him presently, and with her great wealth
and personal fascinations having little diffi?
culty lu procuring divorces under the easy
laws of Germany, she was married lu succes?
sion to five other individuals; but as none of
these unions met her expectations, they
were all dhs'uved aller a short duration. In
1818 she was living lu Athens with her eighth
husband, a Greeit colonel, Count Tneodokl ;
but without walting to become a widow she
had this marriage also dissolved, and
pet out lor the Levant. During a Journey from
Beyroul io Damascus she lound a new affinity
in the person of au Arab camel driver, known
as Sheikh Abdul, whom she married after the
Arab fashion, and who was the ninth and last
of her conjugal partners. For a whole year
she accompanied him on his Journeys between
Beyrou' and Babylon, faltblully fulfilling all
the dulles of a camel driver's wife, even to
milking the camels. Tiring of this nomadic
life, she built for herself a charming palace in
Damascus, where she has since lived lu ber
own style, a great object ot curiosity to all
European travellers. Abdul continuing in
business as a camel driver, was always hos?
pitably entertained by her whenever he came
to the place. And now ohe is dead, having
completed nearly three score and ten years,
leaving a colossal fortune to her relatives ot
the Digby lamliy In England, and a memory
of warning and of shame. .
-"J. N.," the "immortal," ls In Greenville.
-Winnsboro' laments her miserable roads.
-The chicken cholera is causing foul havoc
in the poultry-yards of Winnsboro'.
-The Episcopal fair held at Aiken recently
was largely attended.
-The Presbyterian Church of Winnsboro' is
undergoing repairs.
-Io Wlunsboro' there are four tickets out
for town council.
-Mr. J. W. Baker, an aged resident of
Greenville, died on the 21st Instant.
-Mr. Wm. C. Balley, of Anderson, died re?
cently, ased seventv-flve years.
-Mr. Baylis Watkins and Colonel D. E.
Hamilton, both very old gentlemen, died in
Anderson recently.
-Tne Rev. J. E. White, of Chester, has ten?
dered his resignation as pastor ot the Presby?
terian Cnurch In that town.
-Io Chester on Monday night last a dlffl
culty occurred between Amos Love and Joe
Thomas, both colored, in which the latter re?
ceived a severe wound irom the cut of a knile
near the region of the heart.
-Next Tuesday eveniog, Bight Rev. Bishop
Lynch lectures before the Sumter Lyceum on
the subject, "What to Read, and How to Read
lt." On Tuesday, the 29th ol April, Rev. E.
J. Meynardle, of Greenville, lectures before
the same body, on >*W. Gilmore Blmms."
-A diabolical attempt was made last Satur?
day, a few miles above Willlamston, to throw
the up passenger train on the Greenville and
Columbia Railroad off the track. The miscreant
piled four or five cross ties on the track, and
had Dot the eneloeer ebpled the obstruction
tu time to stop the train a terrible accident to
life and i! mb would have followed. The rascal
has not beet caught.
Report in Favor of a New Line-Re?
marks of Mr.D. Mordecai-Views of the
Merchants Interested in the Coait
wise Trade.
[From the Baltimore San, March 27.]
The subject ot Increased seaboard transpor?
tation facilities, particularly to accommodate
the Southern trade of Baltimore, was again
under discussion at the Provision Exchange
yesterday, Mr. Philip T. George In the chair.
The report of the committee appointed at the
meeting of the 6th o? March was read. The
report ls as follows:
Your committee beg leave to report that,
as far as limited time would allow, they have
canvassed the subject referred to them, and
they find, In the first place, that it is impera?
tively necessary for the Interests of the mer?
chants and manufacturers of this city that a
far more comprehensive policy in the organi?
zation and working of our seaboard transpor?
tation facilities should be adopted. Hitherto
the policy of organizing steamship lines to
Southern ports seemed to be based upon the
theory that all to be acquired was a means of
transportation for merchandise solely for the
benefit of the shippers, and to bold on to our
trade, as lt ls generally expressed, and the
capital to be invested was regarded as a dona?
tion lo ihe public good. Your committee,
after mature deliberttrtoa, have arrived at the
conclusion lhat to establish and successfully
carry out a good system, and assure to ship?
pers reliable and certain facilities, that such
enterprises must be founded upon the princi?
ples that govern all successful corporations
that of Interest. The history of the last five
years has proven, In our opinion, that, properly
organized, and worked upen economical prin?
ciples. Southern steamship lines must yield
large profits lo their owners, and with a full
conviction that under Judicious management,
the enterprise to which our attention is direoted
can be made one, not only to accommodate
the requirements of our people, but will yield
to subscribers large profits,we therefore unan?
imously advise that a company be organized
with sufficient capital to build not less than
two large ships, such BB may be best calcula?
ted to meet the wants of our growing com?
merce, and that the authorized capital ot the
company be such that If lound desirable other
ships may be built as our future necessities
may require. It will be found upon examina?
tion that the larger and better the steamers
the more profitably can they be ruo, and we
caution all against the policy of temporizing
with old, indifferent aud small steamers,
which can only be ruo at a heavy rate of ex?
pense in proportion to receipts, and are sud?
denly causing delays and disappointments by
the necessity of constant repairs. Ic Is our
opinion that our trade with and through the
port of Charleston alone would Justify the
building of three steamships of 1100 tone
eacb, carrying from 8000 to 10,000 barrels,
which would cost, for wooden vessels, in the
the neighborhood of $100,000 eacb.
To construct such the company should have
a paid-up capital of at least $250,000, and we
are COB Ade nt that, under such an organization,
under efficient management, would not only
afford all the freight room we need, but would
give an immense impetus to the trade of the
city, both in exports and imports,aud would
also be very remunerative to the stockholders.
Another Important consideration is the (act
lhat with such steamers freight can be trans?
ported at much lower rates iban have hitherto
Your commlltee unhesitatingly pronounce
In lavor ot the organization of a company for
the establishment of an efficient Hue between
the two points, and suggest that books be
opened, either under a new charier, or under
the best that may offer, and a committee be
appointed to soiicu subscriptions. Snell a Hue
would be of great importance to ihe great lina
of railways centering here, and we would
earnestly request their co-operation.
Mr. D. Mordecai said be thought in some In?
stances the report ot the committee waa tin
error. Tue local trude ls circumscribed, and
will remal? so. The railroad facilities to and
from the West must continue lo affect the lo?
cal trade. The railroads in ihe South are com?
peting for ihe trade, and ihe Baltimore and
Potomao Railroad, with a through line, will
compete lor the trade, so that the sea line
must decrease. The local trade is not more
than thirty-three percent., and the great rush
ls from the West and over the South Carolina
Railroad. It another ship was added lo the
line, so as to make lt a five-day lice, the facili?
ties would not only be siiffl.'lent for the trade,
but not six weeks would elapse before one of
the boats would have lo be laid up. Another
ship will be put on the lin; early in the next
month, and he was satisfied that one of
them would be laid up In six weeks. If a
new line should be sinned it would only be
an opposition line, and such could not be
made remunerative to the stockholders, and
such was the relations ot the speaker wlib the
South Carolina Railroad, which OWUB $40,000
of the slock ot Ibe line, ibat the railroad
would not throw Hiern off, and without the
advantage of ine toronga freight no line
could possibly be made self-maintaining. He
spoke In the Interest of those wno had invest?
ed their money in the line. It had been
charged lhat the Interests of Ibe agents are
first looked alter; but he would pledge bis
word that their individual shipments bad not
within Blx months amounted lo five thousand
Mr. J. I. Middleton remarked that be had
made a personal examination of the books of
Messrs. Mordecai, and the statement ot Mr. D.
Mordecai were correct.
Mr. John D. Oaklord said Ihe amount of
goods shipped by provision men to Charles?
ton was small In comparison with the amount
sent beyond Charleston Into the country. If
the South Carolina Railroad ls going to op?
pose the efforts of our merchants to send their
goods Into the Interior, new ports for heavy
lrelghta will be needed. The speaker did not
fear the South Carolina Railroad would dis?
crim?nate against a new line because lt bad
stock in the old line. The additional freight
would benefit the railroad.
Mr. George said he had no authority to
speak, out he had had decided Intimations
that the South Carolina Railroad would not
discriminate against the enterprise.
Mr. J. C. Nicodemus said If lhere were fa?
cilities lhere would be three-tourths more
goods shipped ny way of Charleston. The
South Carolina Railroad will not move goods
for Columbia, aud his house bai been obliged
to snip ny way or rorismouin.
Mr. Mordecai said negotiations were now
going on for the purchase of ihe William Ken?
nedy, and the whole money, except aboul
twenty thousand dollars had oeen subscribed.
After another trip to Boston she will be put
on the Charleston line permanently,
Mr. L. N. Hopkics said that on behalf of the
committee he would say that the general
want had been stated, and he believed a new
line of large steamers would be succeBstul.
He would not lake stock In a line of old boats,
and lt was certain that the boats on the pre?
sent line are not equal to the business. He
could not see the propriety of taking stock in
an old boat, nor could he see why the Boston
line would sell a boat while they are building
Mt . R. Mordecai said they did not ask for
subscriptions to stock, but they proposed to
put on an independent boat. They are obliged
to turc off freight because they cannot carry
all that offers willi two boats, but a third can
do lt.
Mr. James Lyon said the demand was so
great that sailing vessels are in greater de?
mand than for years before. He did not sup?
pose the South Carolina Railroad would dis?
crim?nale against a new line.
Mr. D. Mordecai said il ibe present steamers
were larger ihey could not do the work.
What was wanted was rapidity of transporta?
tion. The boat, proposed to be purchased ls a
ti ret class ship, and when she is put on they
propose to reduce the local Ireight on bacon
trom forty to thirty cents per hundred, and,
besides, they would be able to lay down four?
teen thousand barrels per month more iban
ihey now can.
Mr. D. J. Poley Bald the whole discusslen
was out of order. The report of the commit?
tee was the subject under consideration, and
that provides tor the appointment ot a com?
mittee to take the maiter of iis recommenda?
tion into consideration. After that commit?
tee sha 1 report, theo, if it is not favorable,
they can accept the proposition of Mr. Mor?
On motion of Mr. Oakford, the report of the
committee was accepted.
? Mr. Alexander Kiernan offered a resolution
that a co in mi Ll ec be appointed to receive sub
scriptloua for building one or more ships to
accommodate the trade with Charleston, and
that they be put on the line as soon as poa
The chair said the resolution contemplated
giving to the people of Baltimore an oppor?
tunity to get up a line, and ll cannot be known
who will be the agent. The agents of the old
line bad proved themselves excellent mana?
gers, and possibly they mierht be called upon
to manage a new line. He believed a new
line would receive all the advantages offered
lo any line.
On motion a committee of seven was ap?
pointed to devise ways and means for the or?
ganization or a Joint stock company with suffi?
cient capital to establish an efficient Hoe of
steamers between Baltimore and Charleston.
The committee ls as follows: Philip T. George,
chairman; Lou's N. Hopkins, Jos. H. Rteman,
Hnmmertieid Baldwin, D. J. Foley, Oliver Zeil,
B F. Ullman and James Lyon. The meeting
then adjourned.
Fred. Grant's Promotion to a Lieuten?
ant Colonelcy Criticised.
[Washington Correspondence Nov York Herald.]
Army officers here express astonishment
that the President, himself an army man and
fully alive to army sentiment, Bhould consent
to such a military scandal as the promotion ol
bis son, a mere youth, from the rank of second
lieutenant to that of lieutenant colouel io the
army, through the mere subterfuge of an ap?
pointment as military secretary to the lieuten?
ant general under the act of July 25, 1866.
Worse than all 1B the enforced retirement, io
make a place for Lieutenant Grant, of the
present military secretary, George A. Forsyth,
a full major In the line of the army and ot
great reputation for gallantry as a volunteer
cavalry officer during the late war, and in
connection with a noted Indian battle
since the war. The lieutenant has two
other lieutenant colonels ou bia personal
staff-James W. Forsyth, Sheridan's chief of |
staff wh le in command of the cavalry corns
of the Army of the Potomac, and Miohael V.
Sheridan, brother of the lieutenant-general.
These aides-de-camp both bold lower commis?
sions In the line to make them eligible for |
appointment as staff officers. The general ol
the army ls allowed six aides, all with the
rank and pay of colonel, under tue act of 1866,
and has that lull number now on bis staff,
four of the six being purely ornaments. The
senior is but a first lieutenant In lineal rank,
three others captains ol oavalry, and the other
two majors of the stair corps. As general offi?
cers have no employment for aides in time of
peace, the maintenance of a large and costly
staff at the seat of government Is resented by
active officers of the army as a reproach upon
the enconecny of the service, which lt lays
open to the charge of extravagane and use?
lessness when the supply bills are up for dis?
cussion in Congress.
What to Expect upon the Ocean, and
How to Mitigate Un voidable Trouble
A Few Valuable Hints to Ocean Trav?
In view of the fact that m my ladies will go io
Europe this year, a contemporary offers some
timely suggestions. Very few women, it ro-1
marka, can expect to escapo sea-sickness,
though all have it In their power to render it
comparatively light if the weather is moderate?
ly good. To keop on deck when the stomach
is nauseited requires consideraba nervo, na tho
iuclination is so Btrong to rush to the state?
room, but open air is the only security for an
early recovery. Tho vessel continues to roll
and pi tob ov >n in pleasant woathoc, and coa-1
sickness cannot be overcome until the brain
and nerves become accustom ad to the motion.
Thia happy stato can never be attained in the
cabin or tho state-room, lt require* a Ireo cir?
culation of fresh air, with an absence of tbo I
amelia which invariably penetrate all ports of |
the best regulated vessels. After being en?
sconced lu tho berth for twenty-four hours it
is with great difficulty tho enfeebled state of
tho victim will warrant an attempt to regain
tbe deck. If thero is uo rain, three days on
deck will cure tho most inveterate case, and
tho balance of the voyage will be enjoyable,
even if there shouU bo occasional rough
weather. It frequently happens that ladies
who take to their berths on tho first appearance
of Boa-sickness, are compelled to romain in
them during tbe who'd voyage, and aro carried
upon deck, when lind ie sighted, weak and
limpid. They soon begin to revivo amid the
Joyous throng of passengers, snuffing tbe land
breezo, and wonder bow it is that everybody is
so happy and hearty, whilst they have been
suffering ao sadly for ten or twelve weary daya
and nights. Depend upon it, the sailors know
best, and they always urge passengers to stick
to the deck.
Many ladies are compolled lo go below on ac?
count of failing to tako along a sufficiency of
warm clothing, shawls and blankets. The
weather will always be found very cold while
crossing tho Atlantic, especially in the mornings
and evenings. There aro aome warm days iu
summer, but these are exceptions, and shawls
and blankets aro always necessary to comfort.
Flannels onght also to be wara next to the akin,
as the sea au* ia more penetrating than a land
breeze. On shipboard is no place for fine dress?
ing, and those who attempt it must do so not
only at the expense of personal comfort, but to
tbe destruction of good clothing. A dress
worn three or four days at sea will never
be in condition to wear on land again; henos
those who have any exporience io oce tn travel
al ways take an old woollen dress, and keep tnoir
trunks locked. This with aomu clean collars
and neckties, will always secure a tidy appear?
ance, and there will bo no danger of being out-1 '
dressed by their fellow-passengers. It should I )
be borne in mind that Saratoga trunks must be [ '
kept m the bold, and that there is no room for j
them in the state-room The trunk-makers
have a small trunk, made just high enough to
Blip under the state-room lounge, which will be
found to be a convenience. Ia this can be
stored ail that is essential for a voyage. The
ladies will Und a shoe bag, with a balf-dozen
pockets, an admirable artice of state-room
luxury. Io it can be dropped breast-pins,
watch, hair-pins, tooth-brushes, combs, Aa.,
and ali the email articles that would ot her wm J
be anding about the floor before morning. A <
well-corked bottle of cologne or bottles or I
medicine are always Baie from breakage, and I
handy in this receptacle. Sea-aiokoess is the
most humbling ot alt hum in afflictions. It
takes the st area out of humanity, and brines
all down to a common lovel, with a facility that
is truly surprising. We have seen ladies come
on board ship ia perfection of toilet, who would
faint if a curl was diBorrangecL Twenty-four I
honra after they were rolled up in blankets, >
lying upon the deck, having crawled up from >
their state-roooiB only half dresaod, without
takiog time to arrange their hair, and perhaps
leaving tho beat pirt of it below. AU pride of
personal appearance is gone, and they have not
energy enough left to movo out or the way of I
the aailore, who step over them with the log
line. Strong aud hearty men ore orten similar?
ly afflicted, and on one occasion we remember
to bave aeen a newly-married couple, just
startin.: on their wedding tour, the most mis?
erable 'and abject creatures of the world,
sprawled out npoo tbe deck, perfectly indiffer?
ent to each other's comfort. There is much
truth in tho exclamation of the old Methodist
oarsou, that ho was afraid on tho first day be
would die, and he was afraid on the second day
ho would not die. It is a mistake, however, to
suppose that no one sympathizes with the sea?
sick passenger. They receive tho kindest at?
tention from the old sea-dogs, who are too jol?
liest when tbe weather is roughest, and got the
blucB in a calm. A supply of good lemons should
always be taken to Boa, aa thero is nothing so
refreshing in times of nausea as a lemonade.
Preserved prunes aro also very palatable, but
it is a great mistake to suppose that brandy,
champagne, or any kind of stimulating or malt
liquors will ?five the slightest relief. Lemonade
furnished on shipboard is very poor stuff, aa it
is generally made of concentrated lime juice,
hence the necessity of having a supply of your
own. A few pounds of favorite crackers will
also be found serviceable. There are no chairs
on board of ship, hence a light, high back fold?
ing chair ia very comfortable, and can be stored
at Liverpool with sea clothing, Ac., until tho J
return passage.
The Real Merits of the Irish University
Question-Sketch of the Great Debate
-Scenes in the House of Commons.
[Correspondence of the New York World.j
LONDON, March 13.
11 Hurrah ! They are beaten at last !" waa
the cry that spread from the lobbies of the
House of Commons throughout all England
yesterday morning. *. Hurrah ! hurrah ! they
are going out and Disraeli is coming In 1" was
tue cry at midday. 11 Hurrah ! hurrah ! a
thousand times hurrah ! They have gone out
and Disraeli bas been sent for by the Queen P
was the cry at nightfall. The last cry was
premature, and lt died away before midnight
In anxious mutterings and irreconcilable
guesses as to the future.
Toe Roman Catholics of Ireland-three
fourths of the population-desire to have the
power of giving to their sons a perfect uni?
versity education without imperilling their
faith. They see In their country one Im?
mense Protestant university, "the richest in
the world," endowed with revenues which
once belonged to Catholics; they see several
others, all richly endowed by government,
from which religion ls nominally excluded,
but which wheo not secular, or "godless," are
Protestant. These are all institutions recog?
nized by government-their degrees are legal
passports to all the learned professions. The
Catholics asked-they have continued to ask
for thirty years with constantly increasing
earnestness-for equality In this respect. They
asked a chartered university ol their own
governed by I heir own bishops-equal In
rank to the others.
What they wanted was perfectly well
known, and Mr. Gladstone promised to satis?
fy them. But he begin by the fatal mistake
of evolving ont of the depths ol his own con?
sciousness the conceptions of what would
satisfy them, and by carefully refraining from
asking them ll bis scheme would satisiy them.
When he brought his bill into Parliament he
boasted that no "ultramontane advice" had
been asked concerning lt. He bad refused to
consult with the patient for whom be was
about to prescribe; he had carefully avoided
even feeling his pulse or looking at bis
tongue lest he should be accused ot pander?
ing to the patient's prejudices or humoring
his whims. Well, the Irish Catholics
had asked for denominational, or religious,
university education ; and he off-red
them secular, or godless, university education.
You know the details ot this scheme, and I
need not enlarge on them. The zealous Pro?
testant s and tue equally zealous secularists
broke out Into clamor against me bill. They
had one real reason tor their opposition, and
one ?ctlHons one. The real reason was their
lear that the Catholics, by their thirst tor
learning as well as by their numbers,
would In time obtain complete possession ot j
the aew godless university and turn lt to their (
own purposes. The fictitious reason was that (
this university was to be problolted In exam- c
inlog students in modern history and phlioso- ,
phy. These people are all members of the (
"Liberal" party-their votes v?ere necessary ,
for the success of the bill. t
Al two o'clock on Wednesday morning, t
after a debate In which thirty-two hours had t
been spent in actual talklug, and lu whloh .
forty members had spoken, the great division J
was taken, and the government was defeated {
by a vote of two hundred and eighty-seven to \
two hundred and eighty-four. A fresher pen ,
than mine shall describe lor you ibis great r
historical scene. There were thirty R >man E
Catholic members in tbe House at the lime of ,
tne division. Of these, twenty-seven voted f
against the bill and three for lt, - Six Doman t
catholic members were unsent, me House |
contained altogether Ave hundred and seven- ,
live members, fifty-six members being ab- (
sent. Of tbe Liberals lorty-seven voted t
against Hie bill, of whoa, thirty-six were i
Irish. Ooly fifteen Irish members voted ror t
ll, three Catholics and twelve Protest inls. ,
Of the forty who took part in tne debate t
thirteen supported and twenty-seven opposed ,
the bill. Of the opponents twelve belonged |
to the Conservatives and thirteen to th e. Llb- ,
eral party. All the members who supported ,
the bul spoke from the ininlxterial benches. ,
The nationality of the speakers may thus be ,
described : Englishmen, 19; Irish, 18; Scotch, i
2, and Welsh 1. Ot the irish members who
-poke four supported and lourteen opposed. ,
Pour Cabinet ministers spoke in lavor of ihe {
hill and seven ex-officlals opposed IL .;
The Scene in the Commons. I
Another correspondent ol the World, after 1
describing the skirmishing which led up to the J
main bailie In which Mr. Gladstone met his <
defeat, thus sketches the close of the memo- I
rabie debate :
The excitement was becoming Intense, and t
ivas Increased by the want ot anything on (
which il could expend itself. Still the small (
nen kept the play lo themselves, heedless of |
ihe aunoyance they were giving to all but ,
themselves. At last, however, a deafening ,
?beer rang through the House, and members r
crowded io at the coors. Mr. Disraeli was (
np. The Climax lo the tournament was going ?
Lo begin. The rival champions were In poal- t
Lion. Both were cool and collected, but there |
iras a fire in the eyes of either which told of a e
letermlnallon to fight to the bitter end. Cries s
Dt "order" resounded from all sides, whilst t
Urangera stretched their necks to the utter- i
most to get a view at that great Asian mys- I
lery standlog motionless as a dummy at the e
table. When the silence was complete, but
not till then, the oracle spoke. "Enough r
}f this talk," was In effect, though not in t
anguage, what he said; "we have got i
nto a slate of bewilderment; let us c
iee where we are." Such was bis e
?rltlclsm of popular debate, and every one c
sheered, and doubtless most of all those who a
lad failed to get a hearing and were con- f
-Ineed that the clearing of the atmosphere ?
Hr. Disraeli was zolng to attempt was only t
sr hat they would have done themselves had c
hey got the opportunity. He then proceeded v
,o define what he coneldered the position ot r
natters-his language being on the whole ex- c
jlanatory and exlgetlcal, but relieved at 2
,lmes by exquisite asides and sparkling repar- v
ees. He twitted ministers witn their nazi- ?
less as to the provisions that were of the r
iBsence of the bill, charged them with being c
.hemselves in a slate ol disagreement as to c
?vhat they wanled, and as a grand climax ac- f
?used ihem nf having devised it simply for the
purpose of gelling a vote of confidence. And r
tere came the nappiest part of his speech. L
*Ii her Majesty's Government want to obtain a ;
/ote of confidence, in such circumstances, v
.bey should have taken some other course. t
They should havo applied, not to a 'can- f
lld,' but io a sincere friend. That ls (
.he Parliamentary practice. There ls the r
lonorable pember lor Surrey. Aller j
.ecenl proceeding' he could hardly have c
.etused lo perlorm ihe office. Then I can say g
ur myself, and many gentlemen on this sid J I
)f the Uouse, that we have really no objection 1
;o their obtaining such a vote of confidence. c
[f her Majesty's Government have not the ,
joofldence of the HoiiBe of Commons, I want .
co know whose conflduuee they have." Every j
sentence of what le here quoted was followed
Kroars of laughter-the thrust at Mr. Locke
ng, the member for Surrey, being particu- i
larly well received, the fact being that Mr.
Gladstone had been one ot ihe chief speakers
la a banquet which had been given to the
honorable gentleman a few nights ago. But
thia was followed up by an even more success- .
ful blt. "Here," ne said, "ls a parliament
elected under their own auspices." There
were, of course, loud cries of "No, no" from
Hie Liberal beoches, lor, of conree, no one
could forget lhat lt was not Disraeli s, and not
Mr. Gladstone's parliament. It was a well
feigned bit of forgetfulness on the part of the i
cunning old man, and the cries ot "No, no " '
gave him the opportunity, tor whloh be had 1
been fl-tblng, of retorting, "Well, elected
under the Influence of the exciting eloquence
of the right honorable gentleman. I remem?
ber that campaign of rhetoric in Lancashire,
and thought '.hat ihe house was tormally, as
well as spiritually, his creation." Then he be?
came more sirlctiy controversial, il not even
"didactic," and would have been disappoint?
ing had lt not been tor those unexpected mor?
sels ot humor which none know better than
he bow to loiroduce with effect. At one time
be provoked the merriment of the house by
asking If they were to understand that
"mumpers" and "Jumpers" were to have the
power or conferring degrees, uuu uu D
bad lt regained ila eelt-possesalon tba
threw lt loto another flt o? laughter b
luring himself getting a degree fro rr
"Wulte Quakers." As he went <
became more and mure evldeut tba
leaders of the opposition expected a
tory. Otherwise he might have been eq
unsparing, but he would not have ha
Bame bravado. 8carcastlcally be congra
ed the honorable members opposite 01
BUOCees of the policy of confiscation to v
they bad been educated by Mr. Glads
They had had four years of lt, he said ;
had despoiled churches; they had threat
every corporation and endowment in
country; thev bad examined into everyb
affairs; they had criticised every profei
and vexed every trade. Alter speakin?
fully an hour be concluded by declaring
it was Mr. Gladstone and not he who
made this a party question, but ihe gau
having been, thrown down be was ford
pick lt up, and as he resumed bis seat
could not belp thinking he was mutterlo
himself, "And the Commons help the ri*
The cheering which followed was loud an
peated and came nearly as much iron
Liberal as from the Conservative benches
Mr. Gladstone rose Immediately to repl
Ihe whole debate, and the cheering bec
greater than ever, the touob or Irony tbt
had been previously Hazed with being tr
[erred from the Liberal to the opposl
oe nc h es. He was argumentative pr I udp
In his style, as ls bis custom, but these i
aave heard him know how excellent a sui
lute for wise saw and quaint humor ls
Earnestness which be throws Into all
speeches. One by one be lookup theo
issallaois of the bill and dealt with them
manner that showed his ability to give as \
a to take. He denied that lt waa he who
made this a party question, and alleged i
t had been raised to the position it ha?
Professor Fawcett having year after j
Drought forward a measure which the govi
sent considered retrograde and antl-refoi
ng, and which consequently they did
eel themselves at liberty to accept,
lad entered on the work with a full koc
;dge of its difficulty, and had not been bl
o the fact that If only a lew mi
jera determined to Introduce the .
nent9 of political and theological passion s
?esa was Impossible and failure certain. Tb
.emarks, be admitted, were aimed prlnclpi
it Mr. Horsman, whose speech be condemi
n unqualified terms and whose arguments
lubjected to severe criticism, showing bow
iooslstent and contradictory many of th
vere. This castigation ot the right honors
neaiber for Liskeard was Immediately app
?lated by all sides of the house, for he ls om
hose Individuals who, while very fond of thr<
ng stones, al wats lives In a glass bouse am
'eady to cry out whenever he ls hit In rem
Ie ls, besldea, Indiscriminately venomous, s
io one knew whose turn lt might be to be
lulled by bim next. Another opponent ol I
>lll who caught lt pretty hotly from the p
?1er was Lord Edmund Fitzmaurice, a you
loblemao, who, In seconding the amendme
md apologized for his youth and then p
seeded to apeak in a very dictatorial style
leed. The apology. Mr. Gladstone remarki
vas unnecessary. It was well known ibat
larder and darker times it was tbe custom
he elder members of families to censure a
' ven io chastise.the young, and If In the mc
inllghtened limes in winch we lived the pi
less was to be reversed, he knew no one w
vouki perform his part with more satlsl'actl
ind self confidence than bis noble friend,
vas the peroration, however, of the ilg
?onorable gentleman's speech which w
he most successful. Io fine rolling aentenct
be language beautiful, the sentiment nobl
ind the manner grand In the extreme,
'estated the Irish grievance-restated it
inch a way as to be prophetic of the coi
og defeit, but prophetic also and as ct
alnly of a renewal ot the warfare und
nore suitable auspices. Mr. Disraeli, 1
teemed lo acknowledge, had won office by t
inuoly alliance perhaps, but at all even
lomehow, and therefore was welcome to
rial ot power. Nay, be ?nui iori fier, at
i no wing the position ot parties, waa aime
ink ind tn pressing him lo try bis hand at tl
lifflculty. For a good hall hour the peror
.lou lasted, and volumes of cheers, eat
.m.1er than Its predecessors, were ralsi
jvery alteraale minuit). The closing scei
vas one never lo be forgotten. All paris i
.ne House were literally packed. Membei
vere buddied together as Mr. Spurgeon
ambs are wont to be at the Tabernacl
nvery bench had more than Its full compli
nent. Yet not a few unfortunate represent!
.Ives had to sit on the steps, and the doo
way was blocked up by an excited grou]
rue galleries, too, were all full.
In the speaker's gallery were many dlstlt
-ulshed personages, and prominent arnon
hem the Prince ot Wales and Prince Chrlstlat
The peers were present almost In a tody. Th
adles' cage had not a vaoant place, nor wer
ts occupants the least Interested of the spei
atora. For among them were the wives an
laughters of ministers and of opposition leac
?ra-women more ambitious than their hui
>anda, whose lame was to die or live wit
hat of their relatives, and whose rank in soc
ny was at Issue. The Princess Louie? com
ie discerned In the crowd, ber beauty bright
med by color given io her cheeks by the ea
siting scene, AS a member ol the royal fan
Jy she ls, ot course, supposed to have n
ireference lor one side or the other, but sb?
vould not be a woman If ber sympathies dli
iot go with ber lord ot Lorne, who was on
if the first to follow Mr. Gladstone into th.
obby. Other parts ol toe house might als?
ie described, for the "strangers" were presen
n force, and the reporters-why, they wen
o crowded that the wonder is bow they man
iged to do their work; but the realisation o
be tout ensemble must be filled up by thc
m agination ot the reader, and however vivie
tis imagination ls lt ls not likely to give him at
.xaggeraied notion or ihe spectacle.
The division took place at two o'clock In th(
norning. It only occupied twenty minutes,
mt time ls not always to be measured by i te
engtb, and the interval which elapsed on this
iccaslon was quite as trying to the nerves as
ivar was Interval passed In walting for a ver?
ile t. At last, however, the tellers made their
appearance, and a sien from the Conservative
vhip drew forth a burst of cheering which
ras repeated again and again, and was re
iponded to by defiant cheering from the Llb
irai benches. So great was tbe noise that It
vas difflcut for the clerk at the table to make
limselt heard, but comparative silence being
ibialned for a moment he cried out: -'Yeas
8?, najs 287-the nays have lt." Then there
vas more cneerlng, and Mr. Gladstone having
ndlcated that he would have tosee the Queen,
nembers rushed off to their clubs. Thus
ommeticed a oriels destined to cause the
lownfall ol the most powerful and popular of
One Incident, the most dramatic of all, re
nains to be mentioned. When the members
md departed, the galleries deserted, and the
Ignis about to be put out, a solitary Individual
vas left lo the House. He sat writing at the
able, and did not raise bis bead till ho had
lulsbed and folded up his letter.' It was Mr.
gladstone. And to see him no one would
lave imagined what he bad Jost come through.
Ie was fresh and active and looked aa uncon
lerned as ever. As I looked down upon him,
lilting in the glided chamber alone, and
bought of the events that bad Just passed,
he mutability of fortune was all I oould think
if, and Be ranger's graad lines came to my
?ellet :
have Feen die a captive of courtiers bereft
Ilm \ hom crowned heads of Europe once knelt
to lr. dread.
ind, though lt may not strike you at once,
.ne re ls some analogy; for it was really pol Ul-'
:aldeath tb.it Mr. Gladstone bad sufi-rea. But
ils defeat was not that ot a Napoleon. The
)low was sudden, aod dealt by a foeman
worthy of his steel. Moreover, it was a de
eat which carried with it the promise of ulti?
mate victory, and when lt comes lt will be all
;he greater and grander because of its having
seen preceded by defeat.
-The population of the various townships
in Newberry County by the census of 1870 ls
as follows: Caldwell, 1,790; Cannon, 1.224;
Dromere, 2,224; Floyd, 2.133; Heller, 2,061;
Mavblnton. 1,171; Mendenhall, 1,676; Moon,
1,613; Newberry Courthouse, 2,79?; Newberry,
1,691; Reeder, 2,290; Stoney Battery, 1,901.
-A prima donna ls a wonderinl creature,
doing things which no other human being can
do. At her farewell performance at bt Pet?
ersburg Mme. Patti was so overcome with the
warmth of her reception tbat she fainted, and
Mme. Buuzzeaud, forgetting that she ls no
longer Nilsson, begged her manager to be al?
lowed to remain in tbat city a while longer,
because the people of the Buselan capital were
her "betrothed."
_ - . ' ? * - I v
Reminiscence! of Washington in 1885
A Reunion Between Boston anal
A distinguished pax ty of gentlemen from
Massachusetts, who arrived la the city Int '
Wednesday on their way farther Sooth, and .
select party of Charleston gentlemen;'who
had been Invited lo meet them, were enter- '
talned by Colonel Blohard Lathen at bis man?
sion on the South Battery yesterday. sitar* :
noon. The visitors from the North /ere the .
Hon. John H. Clifford, who bas held succes?
sively the positions of attorney's era'-, Gov?
ernor and Supreme Co ort Jn atlee ot Messa- -
chnsetts, and who ls now the president of tte
Boston and Providence Railroad Company;
the Hon. John G. Hoadley, of Lawrence,
Mass.; Major H. C. Brooke, and one or two '
other gentlemen. The Cn ari estonians who
were invited to meet them included a number ,
of the most prominent gentlemen o? tbe city, ,
and the meeting o? tbese representative men
from the political antipodes ot the country,
proved an exceedingly pleasant one, both p
parties laking occasion to express to thelr>
genlal host tbe pleasure that the meeting af- ;
forded them. ' ~
Judge Clifford ls one of the most distin?
guished jurists o? Massachusetts and bsa been
prominently connected with several events.
which have become matters pf nailessl Ifs-'
tory. The famons Webster-Parlrman murder
occurred while he wan the attorney-general -
of Massachusetts; and he conducted the prose?
cution of that case to Ita., final result In tbs -.
execution of Dr. Webster for hil atrocious .
crime. Another event ot great historical inter?
est in which Judge Clifford participated was
the solemn consultation of a small number of.
the moBt able lawyers of the North at Wash?
ington, a lew months after the war, opon tbs ,
momentous question aa to whether the Ped-,
eral Government should commence a criminal
prosecution against tbe Hon. Jefferson Davis
for bis participation and leadership in the war
of secession. Io this council, which waa sur?
rounded at the time with the utmost secrecy,
and which has never yet been described, were
United States Attorney-General Speed, Judge
Clifford, tbe Hon. William M. Everts, and
perhaps half a dozen others, who bad :
been selected from the whole Northern pro- ?
fepsion for their legal ability and acumen, and
the result of their deliberation waa (he and?
ren abandonment of the case by the Federal .
Government in view pf the. Insurmountable
difficulties in the way of getting a final con- ;
viet ion, which ?vere revealed by their pat lent
study of the law bearing upon the case.... Mr.
Hoadley, then and now a near neighbor end
intimate friend of Judge Clifford, relates that i
before the latter set out for Washington to
join thia conference be paid him (Mr. Hoad?
ley) the compliment of calling upon bim to
consult upon the momentone question wbioh
be was about to assist in solving, and it
was agreed between them that anless lt were
clear that Ute conviction of Mr. Davis .
would follow his trial, and that the law.
and the tacts on me ama 01 mer prosecution
would be Irresistible In the Supreme Court as
well as in whatever conn of original Jurisdic?
tion the case might be Initiated, lt would ba.;
tne part of wisdom and true statesmanship as [
well as policy not to begin Ute proseeQHon.
The conference took place and weelong,
learned and profound. The Federal Constitu?
tion, tbeiawof nations, the decisions of the.
Supreme Court in the trial of Aaron Barr, and (
other causes celebre, having more or less bear?
ing on tho case then under consideration, *
and tbe whole list of State trials lo the history
of the civilized world, were studied, weighed,
analyzed and dissected. The council was
divided upon some joints and agreed upon
others. Some were at first strenuous for pros?
ecution, others who had weighed tbe subject
more carefully Insisted from the first anon the .
futility of such a course, and finally the wiser,
counsels of the latter prevailed and the pro?
posed prosecutlou of Mr. Davis was. as' will;
be remembered, suddenly abandoned, al-,
though it may doubtless be newe to many of
our readers to learn that this sudden cbange
of policy was the direct result of this solemn
conclave. After the council had adjourned,
and Judge Clifford had returned to his borne.
Mr. Hoadley Inquired the result of their delib?
era tl o us, and Judge Clifford made a striking
and characteristic reply In something like the
the following language: "Remarkable as the
fact, may appear, we find that toe laws of the
United States are not so constructed as to af?
ford any certainly . ot . punishing high
treason or rebellion, and Mr. Davis If arraign?
ed under them cannot be brought to convie-,
tion. Perhaps lt ls that the men who framed
our fundamental law and system of govern-' .
ment, and who were then fighting for liberty,
with halters about their necks, did not nay,
much attention to tbe question of punishing
in the future the acta which they wen com?
mitting themselves."
Another reminiscence Illustrating the senti?
ment of the thinking men of the North, in
186?, was related by Mr. Hoadley of the Hon.
John A. Andrew, then Governor of Massachu?
setts. It was on tbe day of tba grand review
of the Federal army In Washington; a number
of gentlemen were being entertained at the res?
idence or General R. L. M. Barlow, in that city,
and the conversation had turned to the sub?
ject of bringing the leaders of the Confederate
cause to punishment under the criminal law
ol the land, when Governor Andrew express?
ed himself as follows : "It cannot be done
the criminal law has no application here.
Why, lt le proved by its very title teat tba
criminal law ls a law for criminals-the laws or
the code of laws lormed by the great body
ot the people, who are In the main good men.
for the regulation and punishment of the bad -
men scattered here and there throughout so?
ciety. But when a whole people commit an
act, rash, lmporitlo ana 'direful in Its conse?
quences though lt may be, and the best
and wisest men and women of th?
whole people participate therein, en?
courage and lead it. lt ls impossible to con?
sider the criminal law as being framed to
meet that case, or as being In any way appli?
cable thereto. These people appealed to tba
arbitrament of war, and they have suffered by
the war-that la their punishment. I believed
la giving them war, when it was war they
wanted-yes, and I gave a captain's commis?
sion once to a Massachusetts sergeant for no
other reason than that he bad with bia own
bands hanged seven guerrillas. That was war,
that was the measure of their punishment,
but criminal law has nothing to do with this
case " This declaration ot the emphatic Gov?
ernor of Massachusetts caused the remark,
when related yesterday, that lt had Sn his?
torical parallel in the famous words of Borke,
when be told the British Parliament, in refer?
ence to the American revolutionists, that he
"knew of no way to write an Indictment of a
whole people." ,' ? .
A number of similar reminiscences of both
Northern and Southern history were related,
and after an boor or two of pleasant conver?
sation and mutual expressions of a desire for
belter acquaintance and a faller appreciation
of tbe condition of both sections ot the conn
try the guests separated. Judge Clifford pro?
ceeding wllh hla iamily to Savannah, whenca
he expecta io return lo a lew daya to nuke a
longer stay In this city. _
Un Thursday Colonel Lathers entertaineda
small partv at his re-idence, whs?wereJBMMSI
io meei Judge T. Davies, of the New York
Court of appeals, who ls making a brief visit
Rmitwell late Secretary of the Treasury maa
?ow Sir elect ^Mitssachnset^^io
expected by Colonel Lathers in the coarse ol
a week or two.

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