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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2179. ' CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1873. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR7 NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. BETTING READY FOR A RETURN TO A METAL CURRENCY. The New Coinage Law. WASHINGTON, March 29. The new coinage act will go luto operation on the 1st of April. Toe mint of the United States ls established as a bureau o? the treas? ury department, embracing in ita organization and under Its control all mints for the manu? facture of coin, and all assay offices for the Btamplog of bars. Dr. Tindermaon will be applied as the director of the mint. Tbere ls no change In the gold COIBS, but lu the silver COIDB tbere Is to be a new trade dollar. The two cent piece ls abolished, the minor cc!ns being five, three and one cent. Important Legal Argument. AD arg iment of great importance is set in the United Slates Supreme Court for the 3d of next mooth. Involving questions which are regarded with much interest by the legal fra? ternity. Under the 25tb section of the origi? nal Judiciary act a writ ol error lies to the Supreme Court of the Uoited States to ?eview any questlou decided by the highest conns ol the States where the decision ol such highest coon has been adverse to the claim set up al? leging the suppremacy ef the constitution, or treaties or laws of Congress. The uniform practice ol the Supreme Court of the United States bas hitherto been to restrict this Juris? diction to the consideration of the single ques? tion growing out of the constitu? lentil laws or treaties ot the United States. But In 1867 Congress passed a new law upon this subject, which, lt m contended, gives the Supreme Court where the Jurisdictional question arises lu any case, to consider and determine that particular question and all other questions which bave arisen In the State court. This claim of further power lu the Supreme Court will, If sustained, enlarge its Jnrlsdictlou to a vast extent In the matter of reviewing the de? cisions of the highest coons of the Stales. The Postal Service Trouble. The select committee on transportai loo routes commenced to-day their Investigation Into the postal ear matter. Postmaster-Gene, ral Creswell appeared at the request of the committee, and gave a detailed statement ol the demands made by the railroads. It seems that tbere Is now paid to the railroads about six million dollars for transportation of the malla, which is a greater amount than ls ex? pended by the department lor transportation by another conveyances, including tbe costly stage and pony exprees routes In the lurge sections of tho country where there are ho railroads. The postmaster-general concedes that there may be Justice in the demand of the railroads lor Increased compensation for the postal car, bot would regard the with? drawal ol the cars, under the circumstances, as totally UDJ USU nable. He. however. Is of the opinion that the railroads will conclude to continue the running of the cars. It is probable that the committee will request one or more of the prominent railroad officiais concerned In the threatened "strike" to give their viewy, although the positions of the rail? roads on the sub) er was pretty thoroughly explained to the Hon 'e committee on appro? priations when the subject was under consid? eration at the last session. Country Postmasters. To save trouble and disappointment to the hundreds and thousands of people who con? tinue to send applications here for country pcstmasterships, lt may Interest them to be Informed that the p^simaster-general stated to-day that tbere would be no further remov? als of postmasters made except for cause. Cuban Emancipados. A dispatch bas been received by the Secre? tary of State from General sickles. United States minister at Madrid, stating that the government ol the republic had directed the liberation ol 10,000 slaves held in Cuba in violation of the decree of 1870. They are of ] the class called emancipados. Miscellaneous Notes. Jesse E. Grant, son ol the President, will leave this week with Senator Cole's family for the Pacific coast, when President and Urs. Grant will go North. The award of $268,000 to Farragut and bis fleet tor lore-log their way to New Orleans bas been confirmed. The government resisted the claim. The postmaster-general thinks that the great railroads will appeal to Congress but hardly dare to withdraw their postal cars in the mean? while. Tbf?. moi lon to reconsider the confirmation of Coronel Scruggs, as minister to Boco ta. was carried, but the second vote was not taken, and, therefore, Colonel Scruggs was not re? jected by the Senate. The 8tate department Is In receipt of many applications for offices of all grades, but there ls only one vacancy-the mission to Bogota which will be filled by an application from the South. The assistant treasurer at New York has been directed to purchase half a million of bonds OD Wednesday, April 9th. and Wednes? day, April 23d, each, and to sell one and a half million of gold each Thursday during the month of April-thus purchasing In all one mil? lion of bonds and Belltog six millions of gold. Tne mixed commission on British and American claims disposed of fifteen cases last week, awarding about illly thousand dollars. The commission have thus lar settled two hundred and thirty-nine cases, leaving two hundred and eighteen yee on the docket. The commission are confldo.it of closing up Us business by September next. THE UNIVERSITY BOAT RACE. Oxford Beaten. LONDON, March 29-Noon. A race between the Oxford and Cambridge boat crews ls to take place this afternoon, on tn? Elver Thames. As Is usually the case OD such occasions, there is great excitement In London, and business is almost entirely neg? lected. Although the race will not come off for some hours yet, the people are now leav? ing the city in great crowds, lo order to secure eligible positions on the banks of the ToameB, from which to view the contest. A dense log firevaiis this morning, bot It ls hoped lt will lit before the hour designated for the start. It ls the general Impression that the Cam? bridge crew will be the victors, and the bet? ting ls two to one In their lavor. 2 P. M.-The Oxford crew has suddenly be? come the favorite ior the University race. There are rumors that the Caotabs have been over-worked, aud that some of the crew are sick. 3 30P. M.-The race was won by the Cam? bridge crew by three lengths. The Oxford crew rowed from thirty-nine to lorty-ihree strikes per minute, and the Caotabs from thirty-eight to forty-two strokes. Time of race was twenty minutes and thirty-five sec? onds. FLANKING NASHVILLE. CINCINNATI, March 27. William G. Gunn, E;q., has made a report to the trustees of the surveys for the South? ern Railroad between Cincinnati and Chatta? nooga. Three thousand miles of survey has been made, bur. only fifteen hundred miles are reported. There are twenty-six combina? tions ot rostes. The etart ls made from Cin? cinnati by two routes. Tne Sia>e line ot Ten? nessee Is crossed with four aud Chattanooga entered with three routes. The distances be? tween Cincinnati and Chattanooga vat y from three hundred and thirty-lour to three hun? dred aud seventy-four miles. The extreme o isl ance between the Eastern aDd Western routes ls seventy-five miles. The Elstern route ls by Coal Creek 8tailoo, and the WeBt-1 ern by Sparta, both In Tennessee. The esti? mates are not entirely completed. THE CONQUERING CARLISTS. BARCELONA. March 25. A battle bas, taken place in Catalonia, any miles north of this place. Twelve hundred Infantry, with sixty of cavalry and tour g ins. supporting ihe Bupply train were driven back by three Carllst bands concentrated upon the belehtsoi 8an Hippollte. Tue Carllst com? mander, Galcorln. was killed. Th? troops re? tired wllbln supportiez distance, wheo the Carllst8alB0 retired. The loss In this conflict was grester than at any previous one. Rr poll, lor which the supplies were 1Mtended, surren? dered to the Carlisle, whence they began moving'on Berga. Three bridges' between Tltterja and Pampeluna were destroyed. | THE DEATH PENALTY. ATHENS, GA., March 26. Charles Norwood, u colorer! muri, was hiing to-day In Ihe 1own of J. ff rson, Jackson Couoiy. His offence was rape. At the ime ol the execution fully three thousaed people were on the spot. There was no disorder. GREAT GALE IX NEW YORK. NEW YORK. March 29-Midnight. The gale to-night continues with great vio lenee. A high sea ls running In the bay. A large numoer ol outgoing vessels are de? tained. The ice is moving in the HudBon, and there is danger of great destruction. THE WEATHER 1HIS DAY. WASHINGTON, March 30. Probabilities : For Monday the low barom? eter in Illinois will movo eastward into Ihe Middle Slates. For the Souih Atlantic and Elstern Gulf Siaies, southwest winds, cloudy and rainy wealu r. For the Middle Stales, sou h winds, threatening weather and possib y rain. For the Northwest, diminishing north West wiuds and clear weather. For the Ohio Valley, llibt winds and rain until Monday mornlog, followed by brisk westerly winds. Caniiouury signals continue at Portland, Me , Boston, Wood's Hole, New Loudon, New Haven, New York, and are ordered lor Wil? mington. Charleston, Savannah, Mobile and New Orleans. SPARKS PROM THE WIRES. -Philadelphia has already subscribed nearly $300.000 for the Centennial fund. -John Thomson Ma-ou, secretary of State o? Maryland, ls dead from paralysis. -Hon. J.imes Brooks is worse. His disease ls chronic dysentery. -A mob at Cnililcoibe, Ohio, hung a npgro last Friday who had raped a respectable while woman. -There are no new developments in New York concerning the Goodrich murder uiys t-ry. -F. Hahn, a Virginia drover, was robbed aDd murdered in Washington lust Friday night. -A bill has passed both houses of tbe Ken? tucky Legislature providing lor two homeo? pathic prolessors In ihe medical department of the State University. -A Cape Mav dispatch announces that the schooner Clara D ividsoo, from Leachvllle, N. C., In ashore ut Cold Spring bar. Four pas? sengers and lier crew are saved. - A hunicaue swept through Canton, Mis?., on Fi May Dight latt. destroying several houses aDd killing eome persons. Two loaded cars were lifted Irorn the railroad track and one of them was badly wrecked. -New York was visited by a storm of wind and rain on Saturday, during the orevulence oi'Wliich many awnings and street signs were blown down, und all outdoor labor was sus? pended. The vessels seaward-bound were de? tained. CITY IMPROVEMENTS. More Room for the Naval Stores Trade A New Bank Front. It was announced ia TUE NKWS a short lime ago that Messrs. Bardin, Parker & CJ. had leased Hamlin's wbarl, nt the east end of | Laurens street, lor the purpose of couveriing lt Into a naval Blores depot. Ihe business of j these gentlemen has Increased so rapidly within the course of the past lour mouths that they are again compelled lo seek more stonie room for their conslgnmeuis ol rosin and turpentine. They have accordiogly com? menced the work of building un extensive addition to their wharf, carrying lt seventy feet (arther inlo the river. Tuc wharf Is Blxty feet wide. The piles for this purpose have already beeu driven, and lt only remains now to put on the sleepers and the plaukiDg. 'Ihe piles are all zinc-coaled. The same firm has also engaged the use o? the whart owned by Mr. Robert Hunter, which lies next south of the above. Mr. Hauler's wharf, however, ends about two hundred and fifty feet nearer ihe shore than the other, and in order to make it equally convenient lor large ships, ii becomes necessary to extend lt out to the same line on the river. The work of constructing the extension will be c menced in a few days. This wharf will be filly feet wide, and the other ls sixty feet In width. Inland of Hie last wharf ls a water lot, covering un area of about lour acres, and lt ls probable that this lot will be ipeedlly filled up to the level of the surrounding high land for conversion into a naval stores yard. Besides, showing the progressive .-pint of the eily, these fads serve to illustrate ihe magul (ude which ihe naval stores buBioess of1 Charleston is assuming. The front of the Freedman's Savings Bink, on Broad street, is about to undergo a very esseniial and striking improvement. The windows, which are constructed in the old fashioned style, with high sills and small panes of glass, will be cut down to the floor level, and (urnlshed with modern sashes of lour lights of plate glass to each window. The transom across the top of the doorway wlil be taken down and a new sash-door reaching lo the celling will be put up in place of the old shutters now in use. A neat Iron railing on the outside ol the door, and each of the win? dows, will be put up tor the double purpose of ornament and protection. The work will be commenced in a few days. HOTEL ARRIVALS-MARCH X9 AND SO. Charleston. Captain W H Bro wer. New Jersey; R Stewart, New York; B F Brown, Aiken; G s Pocluzzl, New York; Miss A S Fernold, Portsmouth; Tims An? derson, Fairfield, N H; Albert Glover, Boston; Jno E Al ston, Brooklyn; J F Welghtman, lady and servant, A Ant ker, sam'i C Huey, J E Gould' Philadelphia; C C Sanderson. Wm Sanderson, Deham, Moss; J A Eera, J Gercer, New York; u M Sadler, South Carolina; Mrs J D Vernally ea. W H DnBols, lady, child and nurse, Francis J Walker, Miss Fannie Walker, Mrs Dyer, New York; Mrs N Alvord, Bridgeport, Conn; T Isham and laly, New York: Dr J D HUI, lady and child, Buffalo; 0 J Towbridge, A C Line; Jno K Allen, hew York; A Bradley, A M Watson and lady, Miss Kate Watson, Pittsburg D P Bruce, Pittsburg; T R Glover and lady, S D Bennett, Boston; A J Coe, Charlestown; A Bell, J G Witte, G w Go-e and lady, Master Hunter. Miss Hunter, O D Camp and lady, FA Richter, Miss Butler, T J Fall and lady. W H Van Rleeck. Mrs A Lamed, A J La Farge, E Larenx, New York; F A Do^ksay, Florida; Rev Dr Hoffman, lady and two children, Philadelphia; R II White? ley, Georgia; J Q H Smith, Baltimore; H S Green leaf, J F Force, Rochester; O Morgan and lady, H S Morgan, New Jersey; S Duggan. H Hill, C O Jacklard, North carolina; Mrs G H Wentwirth, Washington; J W Gamble, Florida; W L De Pas*, Camden. Pavilion. D B Gllllson, Beaufort; Henry Sampson, Wm H Sampson Petersburg, Pa; S H Moseley, J O Dear, B D McFarlln, M Crawford, Carnesville; R D Yow Goo iville Ga; F L Cooper, Augusta; A G Waters, Cincinnati; J P Minter. Union; V H Lewis, City; T D Ford.Georgc-town; W H Posey.Spartanburg; J J spiro, New York; J J Maher, Thos Campbell, John O'Shea, City; J B Shaw, New York; S Marco, Ph Lc wen thal, Darlington; H H Pettee, St Augustine; D V Scurry, Chappell's; R R Blakcly. Clinton; R V B-uce, Long Branch; F P Isherwood and lady, To? ledo, O: W v Samls; R O Mci!anus, B Fernandez, City; OR Lyon, st Albans, Vt; J G Gottsberger and lady, Master O u Gottsberger. Mrs A J Lar neu,AJ LaFarge, New York; Isaac H Shielder, Richmond; H Cronhelm, Marlon; B Greig, Monck's Corner; J Kalmus, A Manne. Darlington; L P Smith, Santee; M Manheim, Leesville: T W WU bems, Monck's Corner. SIR JOHN FALSTAFF. THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF THE JOLLY OLD REPROBATE. A Brilliant Lecture by Professor Miles on Shakespeare's Humorous Master? piece. Professor J. W. Miles delivered the fifth of bis series Of lectures upon the Shakespearian drama at Ihe Confederate Home, last Satur? day evening, ihe subject ol the lecture belog the character of Falstaff. The lecturer began by remarking that, ot all the historical dramas of Shakespeare, with the Bingle exception of his Richard Hf, none had BO persistently kept the Biaga and had been so frequently per? formed irom the lime of Shakespeare down to the present day as the two parts ol Henry IV. Tuis was partly due no doubt to lis being a belter "acting play" than most of Ihe others, but lt was also owing In a great degree to Ibe great artistic merit ol the char* acter of Falstaff wbl:h enlivened the whole action of the piece, relieved ibe heaviness ol Its tragic parts, and made lt a never-falling favorite of the stage. lathe creation of this character the great poet appeared to have abandoned himself to revelry in wit and humor for its own Bake. The genial jovial, kindly, plump old Jester wt-.s withal a great sinner, but his overflowing bonhommie averts our indignation, and bis manifest shrewdness of intellect rescues him irom contempt. He was, to be sure, an abominable ribber, but the objects and effects of his Iles were chiefly to ? nhance the humor ol bia jests and increase the merri? ment which constantly surrounded him. His Iles lacked Hie element o? malice, and Indeed were told with no intenlion ol deceiving, tor be knew that his auditors knew that he was lying. It was the habit of exag? geration and Invention in the narration of any and all circumstances which had de? generated finally Into downright lying. It was admitted that lhere was no small degree o? meanness In his systematically gulling his landlady out ot ber money under repeated promises of marriage, which he never bad the slightest thought of keeping, and lt was rather shocking to fiad him profiting by the Ibclls of his servant; but these were rather the results of his chronic straits and inge? nuity than of studied rascality, and on the whole he was easily tolerated as a witty rogue who knew they didn't believe him. He formed a pleasant foil lo the prince, and the heavier characters of the play and his inex? haustible humor glided even the bailie field. It was a relief to turn from the plots and scenes o? civil war to his enlivening jokes, and ibis feeling was not unaccompanied with a certain self-sallsiaciioa at discovering ihe subtler touches ol bis humor, and the con? trast showed that ihe loose morality of the others was more harmful than bis own. The play o? Henry IV was no grand, heroic story, but Shakespeare had so Individualized the leaders ol the drama as to make them studies. The two Harrys were the iragie heroes of the drama, ihe Ajax and Achilles of this Henrind. The lec'urer then deacrloed the amusing colloquy between Prince Hal and Falstaff at the first appearance of the latter in the second scene of Act 1. in which the rollicking humor of the old rebrobate is well exhibited. In this scene lt was shown also that Prioco nat was , not the cracelesB yoimg profligate that be was esteemed to be by the people of the court whom he forsook for the roysterers of the tavern. This was made mialfest in bis solilo? quy, beginning "I know you all, and will a while uphold The unyok'd humor of your Idleness;" as well as in various slighter touches inter? spersed In ibe colloquy, as when he sayp, "Well, then, once In my days I'll be a mad? cap," and especially his Increased alacrity to Join the proposed marauding party when, by the stratagem of Poins, lt ls turned Into apian for making merry vlth and at Falstaff. In the robbing scene the jesting humor of Falstaff overflows f ven In his grumbling solilo? quy, and he eveD cajoles himself for want of another bu.t for his wit, for he must have his j?st ?ven at ills own expense. Even in his lrlght he ls still wlity, as when being re? proached with cowardice by Prince Hal, who rallies bim on bis size by calling him "Slr John Paunch," he retorts with the pun, '-Iadeed I am not John of Gaunt, your grandfather; but yet no coward, Hal." The scene tn Act 2, In which Falstaff's bom? bastic lies are discovered, was mentioned as being In some respects the masterpiece of the play. Falstaff, after having with bis three followers robbed the travellers, was set upon In lum by Ute Prince and Poins in ihe dis? guise o? robbers, and oiler the slightest pos? sible resistance had taken to their heels and abandoned their Just acquired booty, but, not knowing ibal the Prince and Poins had beeu their despoliers, he proceeds lo entertain them when they rendezvous ut the inn with an account of ihe prodigies ol valor he had displayed in repelling the altaok upon him of a "hundred rogues In buckram," In proof of which he shows his hacked sword, which he bad notched with a dagger for this purpose. The prince ls mightily amused, and draws him out until Falstaff reaches ihe very climax ot bis Invention, and then the prince, evidently expecting to overwhelm (he veteran romancer with confusion, tells him the true story of the encounter as follows: Prince Henry. "We two saw you four set on four; you bound ibem and were mader of their wealth. Mark now, how a plain tale shall put you down. Then did we two Bet on you lour, and wlih a word, oulfaced you from your prize, and have ii; yea. aDd can show lt you here in Hie house; and, falstaff, you car? ried your guts away as nimbly, and with as quick dexterity, and roared lor mercy, and sill! ran and roared, as ever I heard bull calf. What a slave art thou, to back thy sword as thou hast done, and thea say lt was in fight I What trick, what device, what starling-hole, cant-t thou now Sod our, to hide thee from this open and apparent shame ?" This would appear to be as complete a turn? ing of the tables as could be imagined; but the ready-witted reprobate was not to be thrown off his guard, even by this unlooked for reve? lation, and he answers : Falstaff. "By the Lord, I knew ye, as well as be ibat made ye. Why, hear me, my mas? ters: Was lt for me to kill the heir-apparent ? Should I lum upon ihe true prince ? Why, ihou knoweet I am as valiant as Hercuiep; but beware Instinct; ihe lion will not touch the true prince. Iusiinct Is a great matter; I was a coward on instinct," ?c. And he no sooner wriggles out of his un? comfortable dilemma by this quick willed stroke than he profits by the prince's some? what unfortunate admission that they had the booty In ihe house by saying: "But, by the lord, lads, I am glad yon have Ibe money. Hostess, clap to Ibe doors." And be prepares to make a night of lt on the proceeds of the robbery, which the prince has to Mund out of his own puree to the travellers. The ingenuity and impudence of the fat old sinner was further illustrated by the scenes lu which he personated the king and commanded the prince to cherish that virtu? ous Falstaff, and where, personating the prince, he begged the Qciitious king to banish not Falstaff, "sweet Jack Falstaff, kind Jack Falstaff, true Jack Falstaff, valiant Jack Fal? staff, and, therefore, more valiant, belog as he is, old Jack Falstaff." The lecturer then traoed the career of the merry old Knight through the various 6cenes in which bis humor alternated with the se? rious situations ol the play, telling the story of the civil revolt and Us overthrow, the com? bat In which Prince Hal, by overcoming Harry Hotspur, bad redeemed his former wildness, and proved himself a flt successor to the throne, and the accession ofthe King to re?al , dignity with bis complete and timely reforma? tion, which involved poor Falstaff in an un? looked lor banishment from the royal person, whose all-powerful favor he had contldently expected to enjoy until bis death. The char? acter was graphically pictured to the audi? ence, and the story ot (he play charmingly told throughout. This evening, Professor Billes ls to lecture at the same place upon Macbeth, and the re? maining lectures ofthe season will be delivered next Wednesday and Saturday evenings re? spectively. A COTTo\ SENSATION. A New Kind of Cash Transaction Twelve Thousand Dollars' Worth of Cotton Gone Where the Woodbine Twineth. The usually placid precincts of the Bay, the Colton Exchange and the other haunts where men of commerce most do congregate," was la a remarkable state of commotion last Saturday. Ia various offices and warehouses In which the busy monotony of buying and Belling is usually disturbed by no other noises than the rattle of the drays bringing their I loads ol fleecy cotton to the water side, and the I songs of the stevedores as they transfer tbe I baled-up staple lo the bolds of the swift steamers waiting to convey lt all over the I world, were heard on Saturday unwonted ex-1 clamatlons of surprise and Indignation, mut-1 Lered Imprecations and emphatic ex-1 plellver>, both loud and deep, which testified that some unprecedented cir-1 cumstance had occurred lo shock the sensl-1 bllilles Pf the commercial microcosm known as the colton trade ol Charleston. The re-1 porters of THE NEWS were of course promptly on the qui vive to ascertain the cause of the I commoion, and while speculation" as lo the causo of tho blank looks of ihe merchants (luted through their minds they wondered whether the Rothschilds had gone bankrupt, the tidal wave had made Us appearance in ihe harbor, or the bulle had learned that cotloo had tumbled a cent or iwo lower. They were relieved, however, to And thai none of theee casualties bad occurred, and Anding a steady stream of solid looking merchants mounting I the steps of Hie Philadelphia steamship office, I a reconnolsance was made In that direction, and an Inquiry Imo the cause of the trouble I evoke i thu answer that the colton merchants I had been "oltten." Tuis was a vague ex-1 placation for Ihe symptoms of mild rabies I lhat had been observed, and subs?quent lu- I qui ry revealed the following details: It appears thal during the latter part of tbe I week Mr. William Meade, who *?- ?~- . I I?,? ?nu snipper ol cotton ia this city for I some lime, and who ls consequently well known to the codon merchants, purchased I from different parties various lois of cotton, amounting lu the aggregate te one hundred I and thirl v-six bales, ot which the value Is about $12 OOO. The merchants from whom the cotton was purchased were Messrs. L. D. Mowry A Son. Mes*T. Thomas P. Smith A Co, Messrs. G H. Waller & Co., Mr. A. J.j Salinas, Messrs. E. H. Frost Sc Co., and I Messie. W. B. Williams ? Son. The cotton was bought "for caBh;" but "cash" In the Charleston colton trade does not mean exact-1 ly C. O. D., but cash in a day or two, the pur chaser being generally allowed ;o ship his colton, get bis bills of lading, eat his dinner and sleep on the bargain before he ls expect ed to call and seule. Io tbe case of Mr. Meade, who had always "ponied up" belore with satisfactory promptitude, no exception was made to this general rule, und his colton was sent to the Philadelphia steamship wharves, hoisted Imo the hoid ol the Equator, consigned "io ordei" of the consignor, and went speeding to Philadelphia without any uneasiness eu the pul of ihe sellers. "On the contrary," as Ciptaln Cattle would have said, '"quite the reverse." They had made a good sale, and were happy, and they boped that Mr. Meade was likewise, if they Included him in their hopes al all. On Saturday, how? ever, they each had ihe pleasure of a call from Mr. Meade, who Informed them in effect that he couldn't pay them lor the cotton he had purchased. Exactly what transpired ai these half dozsn Interviews we are not In? formed, and, aa we scorn lo resort to our imagination lor even the most trifling details, we are not prepared !o slate whether he said be wouldn't pay er not. It appears, how? ever, lhat he didn't pay, which, tn the estima- j lion of the cotton-sellers, was much the same in effect as though he had exhausted ihe whole range of the negative moods of the veib to pay, and hence the In? dignant pertuberatlons of Hie merchants. A solemn council ol war was held, and lt was resolved to appeal to ihe lawi both civil and criminal. Accordingly a war? rant was obtained from Trial JusilM Artson for the arrest ot Mr. Meade, on the charge of breach of irust with lutent lo defraud, under ihe staune o? 18C6. Mr. Meade, on being Bummoned before the trial Justice, was not disposed to be communicative, and declined to reply to the pressing questions propounded to bim In regard io his last speculation lu cotton. The trial Justice thereupon commit? ted him in default of bail for trial al the ap? proaching terra of Ihe Inferior Court. Ii ls understood that civil suits have also been In? stituted against him, and the merchants who are Interested In the matter have given notice to the city banks and others warning all persons against negotiating the billa of lading obtained by Mr. Meade for the colton shipped on ihe Equator. Further developments tn ibis Interesting cass may be expected soon, and la the mean? time Mr. Meade Is eo|oylng the limited hospi? talities of Sherill Bowen's hotel on Magazine street. THE DELAYS IN FREIGHTS. Our Pendleton correspondent "3" corrects the false impression that might have been made by the heading of his last communica? tion, complaining of vexations delays in the transportation of Jeriliizers and other lrelght shipped by rail to ihe upper counties. The strictures were not, it appears, Intended to apply to the Blue Ridge Rn.road, which was cot In delault, and since the date ol the letter an explanation has been made by the superln tendent of ihe Greenville and Columbia Rail? road of the causea o? delay on that road. THE PRINCE OF FORGERS, THE MAN BEHIND THE FRAUDS UPON THE BANK OF ENGLAND. William E. Gray, the New York Bro? ker- Apprenticeship in Washington, Followed by a Successful Career in j New York City-The Culmination in London. The latent sensation In New York ls a rumor that William E. Gray, wbose operations in Wall street in 1869 are still painfully fresh In the minds of many. waB largely implicated In the Bank of England forgeries. The descrip? tion of one of ibe pereons concerned In tbe crime corresponded so accurately with that of Gray, that little doubt is entertained by tbe detectives in London tbat be ls the man. The information vus said lo have been first given lo a number of the Anglo-American banking houses by their English correspondents, though Detective Thomas Simpson says that ne thought, when be first heard of the forge? ries, that Gray, who he had every reason to believe was then residing in London, was im? plicated. Since that lime his supposition hos been strengthened by information from Eng gland. The New York Sun gives the follow? ing sketch of the CAREER OF THE O It EAT FORGER. Wm. E. Gray began his business life as a clerk In the fourth auditor's office in Wash? ington, an appointment procured lor bim through the Influence ol his father, the Bev. Edward H. Gray, who fur eight years was chaplain of ihe United States Senate. Ia ihe auditor's office the embryo forger conducted himself with perfect honesty, his application lo his business gaining for him the approba? tion of his superiors. Io 1S66 he came to New York, where be quickly obtained a po? sition as cashier in the banking and broker? age bouse of A. W. Dimmock ? Go., 26 Pine street, and while there he acquired that per? fect knowledge of his employer's business which In after years be louud opportunities of employing so advantageously. The laclllty with which be could Imitate any handwriting was especially noticeable, and was frequently the subject ol J icular prognostications of bis ultimate desilay from his brother clerks. Nevertheless ho was much valued by his em? ployers, and when a few i ears ago ihe firm of A. W. DI m mock A Cn. retired from business lils character stood LLjh. THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL FRAUDS. Gray next embarked In business on bis own account, and was soon known os a rising gold broker; but In 1869 Hie talents which he had cull I vated for many years with so much assld illly came lalo plav. He misappropriated some securities wulch had been placed in bia hands, but effecting a compromise, he escaped prosecution, bearing < ff. i handsome share of the spoils. Encouraged by this success, his next escapade was a nefarious nrgotlailon of government bonds, bm again he escaped pun? ishment, and was enabler lo continue his bu? siness on a firmer bas'B ihan ever. Toward ibe latter end ot 1869 he wormed himself Into the confidence of a Mr. Eugene Fink, a stock broker. Among the miervpre seotai lons by which this result was achieved was a story told by Gray of an aunt who resid? ed In Maine from whom he was in daily ex? pectation cf receiving a large sum. He seem? ed also to be Intimate with ihe elite ot the busi? ness men of New York, and Mr. Fink, looking upon bim as a man of large resources and unlimited credit, with whom lt would be very desirable to form a connection, proposed io irunnaci lits business lor him In ihe Stock Exchange. Gray assented, and shorty after? ward, having, as he said, received the long expected re imf tance "from hts aunt in Maine," be engaged an office at 41 Brno* street, which nan since been oocuoiod by Wooonuii ot Claflin, un I suggested that Fink should occupy a ponton of lt, so as to be always In readiness when called lor. This arrangement was effected, and the new firm under the style and title of William G. Gray tc Co. began opera? tions. Fink received numerous orders irom lils patron to buy and sell Q turtz Hill mining stock, In which, Gray said, ne hau formed, a pool. Fink at this time had no suspicion thal Gray was not doing a perlectly legitimate business. He was ulways paid for his share of ihe transactions, and though he noticed that Gray borrowed extensively upon slock collateral, he attributed lt lo the general ''lightness" in Ihe money market, rather than lo any pecuniary embarrassments on Hie pari ot his superior. Though more man once solicited to do so, he Invariably declined to assume any responsibility in the affairs of the firm. HOW IT WAS DOSE. Tho Ingenious method by which Gray was enabled lo carry on lils business and meet lils engagmeuls was simply as follows: He used as stock collaterals stolen United Stales secu? rities and bounty bonds, with Ihe amounts al? tered. His account, which was kept with the Bank of ihe Commonwealth, was not unfre quenlly overdrawn by a large amount, the se? curities left with the cashier on such occa? sions being New York bounty fund loan bonds, originally representing one thousand dollars, bul under ihe skilful manipulation of Gray made to snow a value ot leo thousand dollar? each. The stolen securities were pur? chased from two men-Pratt and Glover-the lal 1er of whom ls serving a lerm In the Stale prison; the former turned State's evidence against bis copartner and was liberated on ball. A short time after opening business, Gray, having largely overdrawn his account with the Bank of the Commonwealth, left as secu? rities three of ihe altered bonds, representing thirty thousand dollars Instead of three thou? sand dollars. The cashier, whose suspicions had been aroused by the large denominations of the bonds left with him, determined io sat? isfy himself thal they were what they purport? ed. He therefore took Hiern to the Manhat? tan Bank, wnere th*y were at ooce detected as having been "raised." Gray having been sent for, found hinnell In Ihe custody of two officers ou bis arrival. His Ingenuity, how? ever, was fully eq ml to the emergency, and by a plausible explanation of his possession of the bonds, and an exposure of the persons (rom whom be had purchased them, he con? vinced the cashier of his innocence and was liberated. VANISH GRAY AND FINE. The next morning Fink's suspicions were aroused for the first lime by the refusal of ihe bank to certify u check which Gray bad given In payment tor some stock. That Ingenious geni le m an endeavored to explain the Utile dif? ficulty away by saying that the bank was mere? ly walting mull the checks which hud been drawn ihe day before should come lu from the Clearing Hous-e. Fink, however, was uot to be sail.-fled, and ihe Lwo weni out ostensi? bly to rAis--1 he money to pay for the stock. Gray waa said to Dave rei urned shortly after? ward, and having transferred lo a lady a package which he took from the sate, weni Irom the office and wa9 seen no more. It was very soon discovered that by means of the aliered and stolen bonds Gray had ob? tained in all no less than $300.000. Ou an at? tachment being served upon his office, bio creditors recovered $76, represented by one hundred shares ol quartz mining stock. Very soon afier Gray's flight many auda? cious swindles were perpetrated upon some of the best tami les In London by a person known as James Payne Morgan. It was soon ascertained that Morgan was merely another name for Gray, and Detective Simpson cross? ed die Atlantic lo arrest the wily forger. Hie errand, however, was booties?, and Gray, though known io be still In London, was not again beard of until yesterday, when tbe rumor was circulated that be had returned to hisold trade, and was carrying on business on a larger scale than ever. THE CONFEDERATE IN HAVANA. Later In ihe doy lt was further reported that Austin Bidwell, who in the the month ot March, 1864, perpeiraled a swindle which for Ils magnitude and daring ls seldom excelled, had been arrested in Havant on the charge of being Implicated In the Bank ol Eogland for? geries. The firm of Bidwell & Co., comprising Austin Bidwell and William Kibbe, occupied a very large building. No. 64 East Third street, where they professed to do business as commission merchants. On the 7th of March. 1864, both pari orrs disappeared, taking goods, prloclpal ly watches and Jewelry, which had been con? signed to them bv customers, amounting in all to more than $10,000. They were tracked to Goshen, where Bidwell was captured after a desperate effort to escape, in which be sus? tained ibree bullet wounds, none, however bel nj dangerous, and $1700 waa recovered. His partner escaped, and Bidwell at the con? clusion ol bis Imprisonment waa supposed to j hav? gone to England. FIGHTING EXTRADITION. There in a strong desire to save McDonnell, who ls locked up lo Ludlow street Jill, from being taken back to Eogland. His counsel, Colonel Fellows and Mr. Brookes, contem? plate a writ of habeas corpus for bim on the ground that Mr. Gunman, before whom the examination ls pending, lg not one of the regularly authorized commissioners. Extra? dition cases are usually decided by some one of the commissioners in the United States Court building, but lu this Instance Mr. Gutt man was selected by Clarence A. Seward, of counsel for the British Government. He took tbe complaint of Mr. Da Costa, one of Mr. Se.ward'? pariners, and then granted a war? rant. His authority to act Is doubted, because be ls not "specially designated by the Presi? dent." THE PRINCIPAL WITNESS. Speaking of the arrest of George McDonnell and his Identification as one of the Bank of England BWlndlers, the New York Journal of Commerce says: About two years ago New York was startled by the forgeries of one Wm. E. Gray. He fled from this etty to Europe, leaving a wife and a mistress unprovided tor. It is conjectured that the Miss Gray, who appears as a witness lu the case, ls me former mistress of the miss? ing forger. It ls stated that Gray lived In Eu? ropa under the name of J. Pnlllp Morgan, and in London played tbe part of a retired gentle? man with unlimited means. It is asserted that after maklog a deposit In bank of two hundred thousand dollars In United States registered bonds, be obtained entrance Into the best society, presided at the table of Baron Rothschild lo the absence ot that gentleman, hunted his hounds, and at the Derby exhibited u drag that provoked the envy of the English bloods. Of course bis society was sought for by the stock brokers, but he professed en? tire innocence of that business until after he had borrowed ?5000 oo a lorged dispatch from Washington, D. c., placing to bia account, as J. P. Morgan, that amount. He then went Heavily into stocks. One firm held bis order until ihe stock reit to a ruinously low rate; even then ihey did not call upon the wealthy American for a margin, but made inquiries about his standing. Io the meantime the stock went up. and was finally soldat a prof] : to Gray, alias Morgan, of ?400. The firm remit? ?a i that amount io their Client, saying: "Wo have found you to be an unblushing rascal, and desire that you will never trouble us with your business again." Gray replied, thanking tnem for ihe remittance, and coolly adding: "If I have any more business to do ia your line I shall do lt through your house." The appear? ance ot Miss Gray as a witness in this case ls attributed to a desire lo be revenged tor the neglect of ber associates to provide for her out ol their gains. THE LAW TO TAKE ITS COURSE. No Prospect of a Pardon for the Con , demned Murderer, Gaillard. Sheriff Bowen, who has recently returned (rom Columbia, reports that there ls no pro? bability ol tbe petition for the pardon of Ran? ford Gaillard receiving favorable considera? tion from Governor Moses, beyond the respite of twa weeks which bas been granted. A copy of the testimony taken on the trial accom? panied the petition, and the Governor, after a careiul examination of the record, says that he sees no reason (or Interfering with ihe due process of the law, and the probability ls, iherefore, that the execution will take place at the expiration of the term of respite, which lo on Friday, tbe lltb proximo. Thia brlet respite was granted, lt ls understood, upon the representations that the condemned man had Indulged the hope of pardon, and had, therefore, made no preparation for his death, and not lrom any doubt of bis guilt or of the regularity and justice of his conviction and sentence. Solicitor Butlz denies tbe truth of some of the assenions contained In the petition for pardon as synopsized In THE Newd of Satur? day, and Insists that the medical and other testimony was such as to fully establish the guilt of Gaillard, and that the verdict of tbe Jury was the Inevitable result of the evidence produced before them. JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE. -The ladles of Aiken's Baptist Church con? template holding a fair next Thursday. -Mrs. Fannie Goss Is lo be Union's post? mistress. -Farming la Uulon ls six weeks later than usual. -The exterior of the Wheeler House In Co? lumbia has been much Improved by a coat ol paint. -The press of Orangeburg Is discus al ne the subject of the naming of the new street In that town. -Mrs. Sallie Moseley, a lady of Laurens ville, died last week from the effects ol a severe burn received recently. -Mr. Harley on Monday night caught a "blue cat fish," In the Edlsio, wnlch weighed thirty-five pounds. -About fifiy persons were confirmed at the Catholic Church lu Columbia, yesterday, Bishop Lynch officiating. -Tne capricious weather la Laurensvllle Is having an Injurious effect on the crops lo that Beetloo. -The interest In the subject of manufacto? ries uro ws rapidly, and meetings having this subiect tor discussion, are frequently held in Columbia. -II-Her Smalls, colored, accidentally Ig? nited her clothing while burning off a broom sedge fleid upon Daniel's Island on the 2i!d In? stant, and was so badly burned that she died In ix few hours. Rev. A. J. Hartley preached bia farewell sermon In ihe Georgetown Baptist Church yesterday, previous to departing for hld new pasicrship at the Antioch Church in Orange burg. -A race has been fixed upon for Tuesday next, nt Franklin's Race-course, In Lexington, between Ellerbe's mare, "Belle of York," and Franklin's horse, "John Kendrick." It will be a half mlle dash for a purse of five hundred dollars. -A difficulty occurred In Pendleton, on the 18th instant, between Messrs. M. B. Lindsay and Marlin, when a brother of the latter Inter? fered to stop lt. Misunderstanding his pur? pose, Mr. Lindsay shot th? peacemaker In the thigh. The wound is not dangerous. OUR SOUTH ATLANTIC NEIGHBORS. Georgia. -Colonal Ben Wharton, proprietor of the Newton House, Alhena, died last Friday, -General Gordon has been Invited to de? liver the Memorial Day oration In Savannah. -The Ladies' Memorial Association o? Augusta is to be reorganized. -A negro girl aged 14 was whipped to death by ber mother at Fort Valley last week. -Tue old officers ot tbe Augusta fire de? partment were re-elected last Saturday eve? ning. -A veritable Bengal tiger, supposed to have graduated from some travelling circus, ls reported to be rampaging in Columbia County. " . .. -Emulous of the fame of tho Surrency spirit, Atlauta proteases ti have a haunted house which tbe owners offer rent free, and which tenants fear to occupy. . _ t -A forty dollar baby carnage is offered Tor tho finest baby at the June lair of the Bibb County Agncultnral Society, the jury of award to consist of seven matrons. - i bo remains of Mr. Charles H. Warner, of Augusta, who died on the 25th, bave been shipped to tbe native city of tbe deceased Germantown, Pa.-far interment. - l ho Macon Board of Trade are consider? ing the rival elaims ot tne Macon and Cincin? nati .and the Macon, Monticello and Atlanta railroad project. -Ihe barn and s table a of Dr. H. V. Callo way, near Palmyra, were destroyed by an in? cendiary fire on tbe 21st mat., witta two bones and a large quantity of com, forage, Ac. Lose i two thousand dollars. GLIMPSES OF (JOTKAM. CONTINUATION OF THE MURDEH CARNIVAL. The Goodrich Tragedy Effaces the Foo? ter Hanging-Did a Woman KUI Goodrich 1-Literary Announcement* j -New Hotels-Some ot the Groat Hew Buildings-Fechter-Buffalo BUI at Mbio'g. i [FaOM OCR OWN C0SBK8P0KDKNT.] Nsw YOBS, March 36. Tbere waa a disposition manifested to re? vive the discussion of the question ot the abolition of capital punishment Just alter For ter's execution;but the feeling io favor of hanging developed Itself so strongly, In spite og,he sympathy for the late criminal, that tba humanitarians have rather hastily abandoned the attempt to start a revolution. Now that Foster ls dead, the general sentiment is one of satisfaction that he was executed. Tbere was pity and sympathy for bim wheo be wai suffering mental distress, and a convulsive shudder went through tbe com inanity as toe fatal boor approached on Friday: but, after all, it was best that be should die. It If to . Governor Dix's firmness thal we owe tba tri? umph of society over the criminal element. But the Foster tragedy has already been driven out of peoole'a minds by tbe freab deed of horror In Brooklyn-the murder ot Mr. Charles Goodrich. Oo the very morning ot I Foster's execution, Indeed at the very mo? ment, probably, when the car-book murderer's arms were being pinioned In nie cell, a prom? inent citizen was assassinated lo hu om bouse. Tbe Goodrich murder has about lt the fascination that is the creature of mystery and doubt. Like the murder of Burdell, of Nathan, of Bogers, of Paocrmo, the murderer of Goodrich is unknown. If a solution of tbe uncertainty depends upon the New York de? tectives be or ehe probably will remain un? known, tor they are poor sticks. Mr. Goodrich, a widower of forty, a gentle* man of som? means, brother of tbe Hon. Wm. W Goodrich, uemocratio candidate for Con? gress last tall, was found lying on his dialog room floor on Friday morning atone dead, with three bullet boles in bis bead. His own pistol lay by bia side, but lt ls clearly Impoe elble from tbe nature of hie wounds that be bad committed suicide. The bouse be lived ia was one ol a block or his own, recently finished, and he bad been occupying lt tem* porarlly alone. Otber houses in the block were vacant. Mr. Goodrich waa widely known la New York and Brooklyn, and of course his terrible end caused a great deal of excitement. The policemen shake their heads mysteri? ously, and the detectives are dumb, but lt is evident that the authorities are trying to fol? low up some clue they have lo their posses? sion relative to the assassin. No information cou be gleaned at headquarters, and the ? newspaper reporters have been obliged to re* sort IO conjecture. One ot the theories built op by a local paper ls that Goodrich was murdered by a lemale. It ls supposed that be got entangled lo the meshes of a womao of tbe town. That, after living with ber some time, and having a child by ber which died, he found tbe connection Irksome, and tried to break It off. He waa evidently harraesed almost to death by this woman, wbo seems to have bad the temper of a tigress. He began to pay attentional to a respectable lady In New York, and this roused the woman's Jealousy. They must have had a tear ful quarrel, and she, maddened with rage, obtained possession of his pistol and killed bim. The question Is-where ls the. woman t The Inquest bas been adjourned until Friday, and then, perhaps, we shall have startling de? velopments. A few more new books ot Interest are aa- gjt nouneed by the New York publisher*. Among I , these may be meotloned a vol?me by Bartlet ' Beecher Stowe on Florida life. 1: s probably ' koowa to most people that she nae a cottage on the St. John's, and spends her winters tbere. She calls her book "Palmetto Leaves." "Men of the Third Republic" ls a reprint of a work on the present French Government, which ls attracting much attention In Eng? land. The authorship ls attributed to a prom? inent English statesman. "Farm Ballads," by will Carleton, author of tbe famous "Betsy aud I are Out," ls announced by the Harpers, as are also two posthumous works of Bulwer, "The ComlogMaa" and "Kenelm Cnilllogly, his Adventures aod Opinions." Tbe latter ls a political novel. Among tbe recant English .* announcements ot fortncomlng books aro Earl Russell's "Rise and Progress of iha Christian Religion In the West ol Europe," a 1 1 work wblch ls expected to create a profound ? - impression. A "Life ot Humboldt, by Brotan. ' Captain Colomb's "Slave Catching in the In? dian Ocean," and Mil or-General Slr J. E. Alexander's ''Bush Fighting." All of these will be reprinted by American publishers. Two new first-class hotels are going np on Fifth Avenue. The Windsor House, which will occupy the avenue iront ot a whola block, le between Forty-sixth and Forty-sev? enth streets, about half a mlle below the park, . and will cost a million of dollars wben fin? ished. The Knickerbocker Hotel, opposite the park, between Fifty-eighth and Fifty-ninth streets. Is already completed to the second story, and will be a magnificent affair. Not? withstanding the threatened labor strike blocks of fine maoelooB, each costing from $30,000 to $150,000, are belog erected op-town, and many more are under co o tract. Ia a very few years the area su. rounding the lower end of Central Park will be covered with the cost? liest houses in New York. Among the mammoth down-town buildings in coarse of erection are the new postoffloe, the Btaatz Z-dtumr Building, at the upper end of Printing House-Square; the Bennett Build* lng, aa enormous six-story iron structure, on the site ot the old Herald Building; the Drexel Building, ot marble, at the corner ot Wall and Bioad streets, which has cost a mllllOO, nod tbe Western Union Telegraph Building, at the coroer ol Broadway aod Dey BI reel, wblch is built to the second story, and ls of a gray stooe. A towerlog Iron building replaces the old Roosevelt mansion on the corner of Broadway and Fourteenth street. It. will be occupied by one of the innumerable sewing machine companies. There is some mystery about Fechter's theatre, on Fourteenth street, which needs explanation. Ii Is the former Theatre Fran? ?ais. Fechter leased it a year ago, and made extensive alterations and introduced novelties in const ruction at an expeBse of $60,000 to $70,000. He engaged a company and an? nounced that he would open weeks ago. Bat the doors are still closed, aod the company Is falling to pieces. It ls rumored that the volt> tile tragedian ie having a fight Witta hts credi? tor?. He ls playing somewhere In the pro?? laces. "David Garrick" ls having a great run at Wallache. It Istbebest thing to be seen at. the New York theatres at present. Seats are engaged a month io od va nee. The last Ave eights of "Leo and Lotos" ls announced at Niolo's, It has not proved as remooeratlve. as "The Black Crook." though lt le on a scale ? quite as gorgeous. Tne next Niblo attraouoa Is something stupendous. It Is ?1"*}f18?'* drama depicting "Life on the Frontier," and Introducing as actors that -portal hm f dime literature, the renowned Buffalo BU* the scout and hunter, Texas Jack, and the sensational writer, Ned BonUlne. Wese three illustrious personages wW certainly draw the eotlre east side over to Broadway, and leave the Bowery Taeatre deserted. Sardoo'a libel, "Uncle Sam," draws moder? ately only at the O rand Opera. The news* l paper critics have abused lt, aod thoa blighted the foolish thing. If lt were oot for the rol licksome actiog of Mrs. Joho Wood, (to whom Daly pays oeariy a thousand dollars a week,) the piece would be hissed off the stage. -ft* -Al. Thomas, a while mao, livlog st Black* stock, whipped his wife unmercifully some time ago, giving her several hundred lashes, after wblcb he poured kerosene oil on ber head end feet and set it on fire. The poor woman reported the facts, and Thomas was arrested and tried last week at Chester, and was sentenced by Judge Mackey to nine months imprisonment in the county jail. . -Rev. J. 8. Wilson, pastor of the First Pres? byterian Church o? Atlanta, d.e? in that dtt, Thursday morning, of paralysis. MS T"J= the 78tb yearof his age. He '??r00"i?FS! dleton District, 8. C., JMuary *M^fc He removed to Atlanta and took charge of the . First Presbyterian Cb urah in 1SW.