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Tuesday Morning, May 23, 1865. The Amnesty Proclamation. We take from tlie Augusta Constitution ali*t the amnesty proclamation of President Lincoln. It should he read carefully by everv citizen. The Constitutionalist de? scribes the terms offered as l?bornl, and -iiould be accepted by all, not excepted by ili provisions, and says thal "the sooner we ad ipi ourselves to the requirements of thc Constitution and the laws of thc country, the sooner will pearce and prosperity shed their benign and happy influences over our land." The same paper adds: "No one is forced to take the oath," but, of course, the direct pressure, through a thousand agencies, is so akin to coercion, that we need not split hairs in its discus? sion. Our people will please to remember .that wc are ? conquered people, entirely ^ at the mercy of thc conquerors, and all discussion about rig?lts a?d constitution is .merely waste of breath. Submission to whatever the conqueror chooses to dis? pense, is.all that is left us; and, briefly, all who are not pleased to submit, should liave the country. Those who remain, if they are wise, wiil never bother themselves with politics again; will quietly go to their several tasks, and forget all that, they have ever learned of politics; and the sooner we go to work nt our several homes, the better for our quiet, if not. our pride. The Last Rumor. The rumor along the streets, yesterday, reported thc French lo have landed 80,000 troops at Tampico, for the support of Maximilian. The reports tell us, also, that the disbanded Yankee army are crowding into the lists of volunteers, gathering in the Northern cities for the proposed colony in Sonora. The j'ixta-position of French and Yankees in Mexico would provo an interesting concalination accordingly. When we say that weean trace the former report to no trustworthy source, and that liie colonial expedition of the Yankees is probable enough, ve have exhausted our means of speech on the subject. If Maximilian has ceded Som.-ra and other provinces to Prance, there will be casus betti enough and michen mal i co. toe?, enough to satisfy the sans culottes of both armies. We are requested to say, that in-con se? quence of orders received here and issued by Major General Gillmore, the functions < f the F.xecutive Department of the Go? vernment of the State have ceased. 1 II our issue of to morrow will appear the order of Gen. Gillmore and the address of (lov. Magrath, cfTiciallj- notifying the peo? ple of the State that bc has ceased to ex? ercise any of the powers of his office ai t'.:e Chief Magistrate of the State. We surrender our paper to-day, almost .wholly, to documentary, ai.d political, and politico-social matter, of official character, Our readers will do well to study heedfully all documents of this character which we set before them, especially the amnesty proclamation, the Act of confiscation and all other papers emanating from the Go i ernraent at Washington. We invite the r.cb?c attention, also, to the correspond er-ee'between Governor Magrat h and Gen. Gillmore. The tone of the latter holds lorth but little encouragement to a con? quered and submissive people. It might be more magnanimous, and perhaps poli? tic., to reconcile them to subjection, with? out compelling them to feel bow much of the abject is implied in their new condition. Let us submit, and then-go pray. LINE OK BOATS-TRAVEL.-Something to? wards tb." opening of communication and travel between Columbia nnd tho up? country, Dr. L. J. Hancock announces (seo advertisement) that he is about'to commence running a line of boats, tri? weekly-, from Columbia lo Alston and Shelton's Ferry. Tiiat line is well calcu lated to carry passengers, ns well as freights and the mails. He will have two good boats nt once upon the line, and, with the increase of demand, will pitia? bly add to the number. We lake for eranted that th? accommodations of the boats will be such as will commend them t?rntefully to passengers of both sews. We trust thai this example will bo fol? lowed by other enterprising citizens, giving us carriage and wagon facilities in the direction of Chester, Sumter, Camden and Orangeburg. This done, we may hope once more to communicate with the outer world. ? COLUMBIA, May iiO, 1S>'>5. Hon. Jai .ot L. Orr, Anderson, S. C. MY DEAR Sn?: In passing through New berry a few days ago, I saw in the Herald, .".! that place, your letter to the H.->r.. \V \V. Boyce, in which you have expressed your opinion of the present condition bf this State, and also made some recom? mendations ns to that course of conduct wliich. at lliis time, would be proper for adoptiou by the constituted authorities of this Stale, The publication ol your letter gives wide circulation to these opinions and these recommendations. They will both be received by the . people of the State with tho respect due to them, be? cause of the largo experience and wide, observations of the source from which the}- have come. And it is only because the recommendations you make are ex? posed to certain objections, which 1 am sure were not. known to yon, but which, nevertheless, render them impracticable, that it has seemed to me proper to comma-* mica te publicly to you the difficulties which prevent the adoption of either of your re commendations. They are, as [ understand them, from a quick Luit yet attentive perusal, that (1) tlie Legislature should be convened for the purpose of lestoring the State to its for-; mer condition, ns one of the United States; and (2) that the (io vernor should, by his proclamation, declare that the Constitution and laws of tho United States are now of force within the limits of this State. I quite agree with yon as lo ihe neces? sity which exists for a meeting of the L?? gislature But you are not aware that lo the preposition of Gov. Brown requesting thc permission of the President, of the United States for themoeting of the Legis? lature of Georgia, a distinct refusal w;;s given. And (Jen. "Wilson, in Communicat? ing the reply of tho President of ll' ? ; United States to Gov. Brown, informed ! him that if any members ?d' the State' Legislature would obey his call for a meet ; ing of that body, the}- would be arrested. Earnestly desirous of having the aid oT the State Legislature af this important ci isis in the direction of the public con? duct of the Sla!<\ and feeling that it be? longed properly to that department of the Government of the State to instruct me in regard to that conduct, 1 communicated by telegram with C?en. Johnston in the earlv part of this month, .and inquired of him whether, if tin Legislature were called together, it would bc disturbed in its sil? ting. (Jen. Johnston answered that he would refer the question to Gen. Sherman and send nie the reply. I have never re? ceived it, and supposed it probable that the publication of the answer to the pro? position of Gov. Brown was considered a sufficient reply to my question to Gen. Johnston. This statement will sufficiently explain to you the difficulty which attends o call of the Legislature, and will show you that this recommendation is impracticable. The recommendation thijt I should, by my proclamation, declare that the?oust.i tniion and laws of the United States arc m>w of loree in the Stale ol South Caro? lina, is not less impracticable. Tiie fact -may be truly stated in your recommendation; but even if it is so, I nm not the exponent of .that department of the Government of the State by which this declaration must, or can properly be made, lt is not for mo, but for the Legis? lature of the State, whenever that body is assembled, to declare under what consti? tution the State is governed, ?nd by what laws its citizens are bound. And even thus the proposition may be stated tito broadly. It may be, it ii probably, with the Government of thc United States, by virtue of its conquest, to decide, without regard to any department of the Govern merit of the States, what shall be the po? litical condition of its citizens. I have no more right to assume what will bc the determination of the Government of the United States, than 1 have to decide what would be the decision of the Legislature ol the State. But. in. neither case would it be consistent with my duties, nor could it bc reconciled with the powers which are [riven to nie, to undertake to make procla? mation of what is the political condition, and. therefore, "what are the political duties, of the citizens of this State. And, indeed, when I have said, in the course ol' this letter, that I earnestly de? sired the aid of the Legislature, it was not, hy any means, solely for the purpose of expressing its opinion or deciding its con duel in relation to tho political status of the State. The suceras of* Ihe Government of the United States had given it the power to interpose and overrule any such opinion or control any such conduct. Lesides this, there were other and very crave questions of purely internal and domestic legislation; greai and radical changes which had become necessary-the careful consid?ration and adoption of which, in the most intimate manner, af? fected thc welfare of the citizens of tho Slate. If tiie duty of acting upon those questions was confided to the Legislature of thc State, it would be idle to dally wiii< a responsibility which is overwhelming, unless met in a spirit of calmness and wisdom. And if thc determination of certain principles had been made by the Government of the United Slates, and these principles were made operative within the limits of the State, the adjust ment of such details as would best tend to the successful operation of those princi? ples would, if committed to the Legisla t uro, demand from that bod}- its gravest consideration. 1 have po reason to sup pose that in the determination of these principles or in the adjustment of the det ails-, will the Government of the United States desire?or require the aid of the Government cd the States. And 1 cannot, therefore, but consider my announcement! eitiioi of Mich principles or euch details, BS not only unasked for. and, then-fore, improper, but un'authorized, und, there? fore, mischievous. lt is very'childish in nny to suppose that the failure in the attempt made by this, with other States, to secede from th*1 Go? vernment of the United States, and to organizu um>ther independent Govern? ment, has, nevertheless, left still with these States, or with thc people thereof, any in? fluence in deciding the question how far they shall be restored to the condition in which they were under the Government of thc Unite<l States. Tb^se Slates engaged in war. Conquest lias been the conse? quence of'that war. And it is for those who have been overcome in that war to pre? pare themselves for'tlsat condition which conquest gives? to the victor the power to impose. There ?6 a high virtue, even in error/in submitting with fortitude to the penalties of fnilurp. There ?6 lament, aide weakness in shun ing our eyes to those consequences <>f our conduct which ure too plainly revealed to be mistaken. If we will realize to uurst-lves that we must bear what we cannot avoid; if reso? lutely we contemplate the power that the Government of the united ?tates possesses to impose its own terms and conditions; if we have the courage lo wnijt calmly the ann ou neem eut of the conditions which may bc intended (or us, we sholl be the better prepared to endure it when it is proclaimed. And if, in the meanwhile, we shall, each in his proper ?dace, do what he can, and all that he can, to preserve the further peace and good order of the Statt ; if the influence of all good men will bo constantly exercised in all'modes, times and places to -eserve as inviolate os possible thc rights of property from the depredations of the lawless and the wicket); if we cnn, even for a wini.-, secure for ourselves tin- proud position of a peo? ple obedient to tin; law, when the h? bas, for the moment, hist its power to command; we shall be the better, if we? are not even fully, prepared to undergo what we provoked, but could not avert. Yours verv- trulv. A. G. MAGRATH A Wanted Immediately, GOOD COOK. WASJJE? AND IRONER. Apply at this office, tn av 2 S ? Attention Physicians! A MEETING t.f the Columbia Medical ix Society will be held THIS DAY. at 4 p. m., atibo office of Hr. Templeton, in the Sui ver 1 louse. 1). H. TREZEVANT, President, may 23 . ] ""Furnitura, Books, Etc., for Sale HTMIE undersigned offers for sale some X Parlor Household and Kitchen FUR? NITURE. Feather lieds, Mattresses. Crock, cry and Glassware. Also, some valu ib!e Books, which will be sold at liberal pr.c.s. Apply nt his residence, Washington street, second house from Gales street. may 23 I" P. S. JACOBS. Bakery and Confectionery. ISHOD AIR and W. STIEGLITZ J* have l>- op.-ned their BAKERY, CONFECTIONERY and CRACKER MA Ny FACT? RY. Also, on bani a fine assortment of CHEWING and SMOKING TOBACCO, SCOTCH and MACCABOY SNUFF, Cl C. A US. PI ?'ES, Ac., at Messrs. Cooper it Caliber's old stand, may 23 0 Passage to the Up Country. ? ^ HAYING two good boats, iS^I will commence running a FjgjTRI-WEEKLY LINE to and troiu Columbia to Alston and Shelton's Ferry, commencing on WEDNESDAY next. Passengers will be carried to either point, at reasonable rates, payable in specie or provisions. For freight, or pass? age, apply on board, at Geiger's Mill, .may 23 E. J. HANCOCK. lill. 1\ 1?ELW\ W?fT Pickens Street, head of Lady Street, HAS JUS7 JU-: CK I VE I): QUININE, OPIUM. MORPHINE. BLUE MASS, GLYCERINE. GUM and SPIRITS CAMPHOR. CALOMEL, CHLOROFORM. C. Ammonia, Dover's Powder, Copaivji. Gum Arabic, A'oes, Bops, Hartshorn. Indigo, Jalap. Tr Iron, Nit. Silver. Caustic. Laudar.uni, Paregoric. Laking and AV ashing Soda. Cantor Oil, Starch, liyd.'C. Creta. Sub. Nit. Bismuth, Mercurial Ointment. Adhesive Isinglass and Blister Plaster. Cale. Magnesia. Comp'd Cathartic l ill?. Opium Pills, Iodide Iron. Acet. Tine. I od. Potash, Citric Acid. Sweet Oil, Bi-Chromate Potash. Chamomile, Cas'ile and Windsor Soap. AT.SO, Coffee. Ten, Sugar, Candies. Pepper, Mustard. Needles. Pius, Hair and Tooth Brushes. Gap, Letter, Noie ard Blotting Paper. Envelopes, St.el Pens, Ink. Hooks and Eyes. Blacking* Chewing and Smoking Tobacco. Syringe*. Coates' Cotton. Pen Knives, Piaving Card?. Ac. PL'KENS STREET, may 23 1* At head of.Lady street. ~F?B7S?LE7?~T Marion Street, near Lumber SPOOL COTTON, CANDLES. ., ENGLISH PINS, NEEDLES. TAPE. CALICO, STRIPE SHIRTING. Spring Cassimere?. Hair Netts. Silk Ties. Flax Throed, Combs. Also, Blue Flannel trav 22 The State of South Carolina, EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, COLUMBIA, May 20, 1865. ITHE proclamations from this Dr*- I . purl ment, hearing date the 2d day of Maj-, 18(>.">, is hereby revoked; and the direction* therein given are hareby coun? termanded. The following correspondence with General Q. A. Gillmore will set forth the causes which have led mo to revoke that proclamation and countermand its directions: HEAQ'RS DEFT OF TUE SOUTH, HILTON HEAD, S. C.. May ll, 1S05. Hon. A. G. Magrath, Cullimbin, S. C. Sait: I have seen in the public prints what purports to he a proclamation issued by you to the people of t he State of South Carolina, dated at "Headquarters, Colum i a. May 2, 1865," directing .'that nil sub? sistence 6tores and property of the Con j federate State* within the limits of th? State be?turned over to and accounted for ' hy tbs aeents of the State appointed for j that purpose. The subsistence and other stores to be used for the relief of the peo? ple of the State, and the other property, of whatever kind, to be held for the coin- I mon benefit of thc State." By the convention between Generals j Sherman and Johnston, agreed upon on | the 20th day of April ultimo, ?,t Bennett's ' Douse, near Durham Station, N. C., an ! official copy of which I eindose, nil acts of I war on the part of General Johnston's j command ceased, and the arm}- and publie i property were surrendered to the United I States. The district covered by said con? vention include-* tie State?>( South Caro? lina, as is correctly stated to you in the despatch from General Johnston, dated Greensboro, N. C., April 30, lsii.r>. Al! public property, therefore, should bc delivered to officers of the United Stales and its seizure, by St ate agents ol? by any other persons, is ill direct violation ot the convention, is an act of war, a crime against humanity, and xviii be so regarded and treated at the.-e headquarters. I consider that you cannot, properly take any olliei.il action in this matter, ex? cept through tlie United Slates authority, lo whom Ibis property belongs, by right of military capture and surrender. Its gratuitous distribution among persons who, hy persist .'nt treason on the part of their leaders, have beert reduced.to a condition of abject pauperism, in a senseless and fruitless attempt at revolution, must, be an act of charily on the part of the Govern? ment which they have tried to overthrow, i stand r. adv, under the orders of Major General Sherman-, to take possession of this properly, and "to relieve present wants and encourage the inhabitants to resume their peaceful pursuits" in the State of South Carolina; and I expect those who hold any semblance of authority in the State to act in aid of this benevo lent policy, if they attempt to act at all. 1 am, sir, respectfully, vo'ur obedient servant,' Q. A. GILLMORE, Mnjor-I ?enera! Commanding. Cor.VMBiA, May 20, IsS?. Mejor- Gt nrral Q A. Gillitiore,Cvnvmandinij Department of the Sv'it/i. Sn:: At Union, on the 18th, I received your lotter of the 10th. At the same time ami place, I was informed that a detach? ment of United States troops were at Spartanbiirg-there with despatches to mo. waiting my arrival! I arri veil there to lind that the party in charge of these despatches had departed, and immediately I returned to this place, for the purpose of sending you my reply. lt is proper for me very distinctly lo assure you that it was not in any wise in? tended by nie to interfere with, or m anv manner nUVct, the terms or-conditions of the military convention between General Sherman and General Johnston. On the contrary, 1 desire aird consider myself bound to conform to it in all particulars. When the proclamation was published, two considerations were present, to inc ibo one, to relieve want, not during the pi-ogress of a war, but when war had censed, and hostilities on the pa*t of the people of the State were ended, the other, to secure a portion of subsistence which was still in the State-placing it in the hands of prudent persons, and they saving it, with any other public property, from waste. At that time. 1 had no reason to suppose that to th?3 there would be excep? tion. As soon as Genera! Johnston's telegram was communicated, it was published as explanatory of the proclamation. I had no information of the construction which would be given to the convention, except fi om that paper. I gave it as I received it. If you chun1, as I now understand you to do, that all subsistence stores and pro? perty in the State, referred to in the pro? clamation, were, by the terms of the con? vention, transferred to the United States, then, to persist in doing what I Iben wished and thought'right, would be to affect thc operations of that conventiou. I have clearly said that this was not in? tended; and I shall go farther, and recall the ] >roclamat ion. i have, no; any reason to suppos- that any poition, of the least consequence, of thc subsistence stores cr property referred to, lins come into tho hand of the agents of I the State. In the only er.se which lins come to my knowledge. I gare notice t<> the parties not to distribute or dispose < '.' it; nnd inform?" them that you claimed it for the Unit.-d States. It. being, then, the property of the United ?Mat-'!-, th? dispo sition of it is, of course, uiid.-ri-.iol suljec? lo the Government thereof. I do not deem it pi'oper now to discuss with yon, rs you sown to invite, the stif?seier.ey of ?lie cause?? which led to thc war, or tho principle upon which you will exercise th? power, which success has given lo you. Nor coule you have expected me. considering our relative positions, lo comment upon ih Ianguace von employ for the expression of your opinions concerning the one and ihc other. In this State, the war is over. With ti.o conventio?between General Johnston nnd General "Sherman, hostilities have r?-ns.-.! m every part of tili? State. 1 do not know of a citizen of the State who IR in arms I" there ip such, it, ?snot by the order ot v?i;h the consent of the State authorities. !: cannot but be known to you that the !.. sources of the Stale are exhausted. its population much diminished and now posed to prent fm ITV ring: in many cases, without even the men ntl of subsistence- - in all cases, wit .hetti ll;'.- means of r. sis' ance. Such a people cunno:, be suspected of aggression. JSor, as their repr?senta? tive, can I be suspected of a desire or purpose to do that which is "cause of war." And lean with great confidence ?efer to the motive which led to the pro clama I ion as not. constituting "a crime against humanity." I have the honer to be. vor.r obedient servant. A. G. MAGRATH Maj. (Jen. Q. A. G i :.i MOUE, commanding Dep't of the South,' Klilton Hen I IJ.- In pursnar.ee,.therefore, ol' l!e> cot vontion referred t>> in this corresponden" .'. all'subsistence stores and other, r ublic pi'1 porty referred to in tho proclamation . : the 'Jd dav pf May. IS Ri. which were in the hands"of any agents of the State, v. iii be disposed of hy them according .<> ttl? orders of thu Government of thc Uni'?d States. And if any stich Wave been -.: .. posed of or distributed before notice ' this proclamation, a report, of such dis? sition or distribution will be made t<j JD' i:. Gillniore, or any other < dicer of lie: Unite.: St a tes, to whom such com mu:- ?cat it H eb'- v. i vi be m a. le. III. As all such property is now drumed by the United Stales, because comp'? h.-ride.l in the terms and condition . ot Military Convention between G 'ti. Sb .. . mat and Gen. Johnston. ] t.iee -upon e.:i parsons to abstain from interference w tb the'same. It is the duty of all persons who are within the limits ol' thisSlnte to respect nu.I sustain that contention. IV. I appeal again to the people of li ij State to preserve the public peace tu maintain the : ubii. order. Com plait.ts ot lawless conduct are made in ninny \ ot lions of the State. The eo;i?i>ru"n*e??s ? : such violence will surely fall heavily up'i: tlit>se who h.Iiessly exercise it. Prop-rl' unlawfully acquired cannot be law!'".!'.;,' retained'or enjoyed. .And a ri.'i l r-ap- n sitiility wiil, beyond all doubt, be imj i s-d upon those v.ho participate in such con duel. The sanctions which have b-et! rived from the history of the pcoplt? < : this Stale will, 1 trust, be ipiite as. pot . . liai as the enactments of a p> -it.ve la v. ltcannol.be that any influences willie sufiiciently strong to lead those*who have lived and prospered, because they respect o.i and obey.-d the laws w h ie.h ^.*5M???''" force, now to reject the obligations-or those laws and refuse obedience t-.> what tlie}'command, lt cannot be tba' in '.bis Stat?' an armed force bas become necessary to protect the rights of property, whetliei public or private, from the spoliation ot those who are citizen's of tee Stat-. Rut if, in the present condition of the State, that force cannot be hail; and -f tb-ST::-., has to.rely upon tho respect of her citizens . lor,the preservation of her fame, it cannot, be that such a necessity as is involved it: that appeal will fail to secure for ti?. Stat?* jn whose behalt it is mad - ?ni ear? nest ami manly response from those io whom it is addressed. In behalf of t|u Stale, I do now make this appen!. Au.1. I call upon all good men in the State to re? peat that appeal, ato! assist me in ir\ efforts to make it eii'eclu. I. Rv the Governor: A C. MAGRATH. Official: R. J. DAVA .NT, J.ieut. Ct I am A. D. C. may 'j:-. AUCTION SALES. Variety ?Sale By Dmbec" & Walter. WILL bc sold, THIS (Tuesday)MORN? ING, at 10 o'clock, al mir office. Assem? bly street, the following articles, viz: 1 Carpet, 1 Side Saddle, lot fine China Dishes, Plates, Duckets, Tubs, Shoes, Clothing. Mattresses, lot Carpenters Tools Fire Dogs. Also, 100 lbs. Sole Leather Unlimited articles received, raav 23 1* ?Silver Were. Zealy, Scott & Bruns WILL sell, at 10 o'clock. THIS DAT, a', tiu- Ration House, A choice lot of SILVER WARF, cor ststing of Goblets/Pitchers. Pots, Waiters, Spoons Ladles, with old Gold, old Silver. Terms cash._ mav 03 IWotlce; ENTLEMEN wishing to be SH AV F. D VJ t>r to have t licit- HA IR CUT or SHAMPOON LD, can be accommodated, next door to the prese: t Post Office.