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The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, May 25, 1865, Image 1

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on tb, in Advance. ( ''Lat our ?ust Censuro attend tho true Event."-Shakspearc. . Singlo Copies Fivi> Cents.
t? Y J LT Ju I A N A. S E L B Y.
Six mouths, .... $5
One mouth, .... I
Ono Square, (ten lines,) one ti mu, SOcts
Subsequent insertions, - ?Jj ?Ms
Thc Sabbath.
The following sonnet was pronounced
by Sidney Suiit.li to be one of the mus-t
beautiful in the language:
With silent aw ?, I hail lite sacred m?rn
?Which slowly wakes while all the fields
are still;
A soothing calm on every hie...-..' is herne,
A graver murmur gurgles from the rill,
An echo answers softer from thc hill,
And softer sine-? the linnet IVoin the thorn;
The skylaik warbles in a tone b;*s shrill.
Ll a il! lieut sereu''; baili sacred .Sabbath
tutu a.
The rooks (heit silenl by, in airy drove;
Tho sun a placid lustre shows;
The gales that lately sighed along the
Have bushed their downy wings in sweet
Tho hovering rack cf clouds forgot to
So smiled the day when the first man
IPrcsidont Johnson's Speech to the Co
Tored Clergymen.
The fol?owing'appears as ani*><ri,?ori:i]
in the New Votk /?aahi, of May 13:
lt? the speech of President Johnson,
on Thursday lust, td a visiting deputa?
tion ed' colored clergymwi, we Lave
some sound views, indicating-01 his
part a careful'and humane policy in
tb" transfer of the hincks ? the South
from slavery to liberty. First, on thc
?tnatifipatiou question there can he no
mistaking his position. lie. holds tba"
'man cannot hoi 1 properly i:i niau,'
, tid he reminds the colored rac? '.nat
'in' was the, first mall who stood up iii
u slaw community and announced the
tact that til? slaves ot' Tennessee.!.nd
.-i- much light to bo five --s those who
claimed them ns their propers j*.' This
is equivalent to an official declaration
that President Johnson, in Ins policy
nt' reconstruction, will start, from this
initial landmark; that throughout the
rebellions Stales, nv the rebellion and
. the events of the war, slavery is abo?
lished. Next eoinns the question of the
treatment of the blacks in their, tran
sitiou state from tho impediments o?
bondage to the practical enjoyment of
t!ie advantages ol' froetioui. Lpoti
t:iis subject President Johnson s;.*vs:
There is, a difference in the responsi?
bility which persons residing in the
slave btates had tb take from thoVo
who reside out of them;1 that 'it was
very easy for men who lived beyond
their borders to get up syrnpuhv and
talk about the condition ol' c< lored
persons*, when they knew nothing
about it;* that there were men in the
?south, occupying the position of mas?
ters, who had doue much to amelio?
rate the condition of the colored men,
:;tid who flt a. deep interest in their
welfare, and that tue experience ami
knowledge of such men mun be re
speeted in this important work ol
clothing the slave in the garments ot
freedom. President Johnson admon?
ishes him that he mint not expect to
'full back on the Government for sup?
port, and ?ive in idleness and debauch?
ery;' that 'freedom simply means li
berty to work and to enjoy the product
of a man's own toik/ and that he
means this 'in its tnor-t extensive sense
Much work will he required to get this
sys:em of freedom into a good, pine
. tical shane, as the President evidently
comprehends from his suggestion tc
these visiting colored clergymen that
in commencing their task of reform
they should proceed tc correct tim
'cpo-.! and notorious system of con?u
binare1 which, under slavery, has con
tributed so much to tu?: degradation o
the four riiillious of the bi ?lek race o
the Southern States.
President Johnson promises to d'
?ll m *is por?ev to secure '.hoir pi owe
lion and ameliorate their, conditioi
! ami lu? 'trusleJ in God that the time
I may come when all thet:olorod people
would he gathered together in one?.
I country ha<t adapted to their condition,
if it should appear they cot'id not get
j along together with the whites.' Now,
I from these views and suggestions, wo
have a very careful and humane policy
in regard to the African race cf the
j South in the re-organization of the re
j bellions Stales. The Government wi!!
I doubtless make some provisional mili
! I arv arrangements for putting the
j liberated ??lacks to work, rm i probably
i some such system of labor and rom
I pensation as that adopted by Gen.
J Hanks in Louisiana, anil approved bv
"President Lincoln, may become the
j general rule, in regard to the quos
j lion of negro suffrage, we infer that
I Preside::! Johnson .will foilow u:> his
i policy, adopted as Military Governor
I ol Tennessee, it? the re organization ol
! thai Slate. First, nadi r this svslem
j th?; Military or Provisional Governor
j will provicie for the election of a loyal
I-StaCu Convention and appoint the
! lune and place for its meeting. This
j Convention will frame a new Slate
Constitution, declaring shivery abo
. lisiied and interdicted, lust will, leave
I thc qttesiion ot" negro sutiYage ;.t the
> discretion of .the Leirislature. Tiie
j Provisional Governor wi I then, under
j this new Constitution, call for th?
election ol a regular Governor sind
j other Stale officers and members of
I Congress, and willi these eleciimis the
j Sta i o will bo fully re established! for
badness as a loyal member of the
Union, al'.er ihe model .of Tenness-oe,
.i-i reinstale'! under Prcsideift Lincoln*?
Military Governor, Andrew Johnson.
With regard lo the planting the
j blacks in a conn:rv to themselves, we
j >ln>;dd not wonder if the experiment
initiated by Gen. Sherman in regard
j to the free colony at Hilton Head were
I to se ile t'ne question. That cxperi
. ment contemplates-the removal ul" tho
white supervisors, middlemen and
hucksters, so that the blacks may ma?
nage their own affairs for themselves',
.aii-1 put the profits of their labor in
their own pockets, and be a self?
-sustaining black community, undi rthe
common protection of the G.-uera!
Government. Very likely, i:i the
course of time, all that rich and ex
ten.-ive lowland country from the
Northern line of South Cirolina to the
Mexican border, embracing the sea
I island cotton, rice and sugar regions
I o? the ?j'juth, will l'iodetisely popuhiti.'d
ly hincks, and with, very few whites
I among theni. We think so because of
' the climate in these regions, which
gives he:.Uh and strength to the black
man. hut is almost as. fatal to the
j white in outdoor labor ns the coasts of
j Africa, where the negro was'planted
j l?y the laws of nature, and where he at?
tains Iiis highest physical development.
F*>r the present, however, we lind in
thW speech of President Johnson to
! his visiting colored clergy m :n Ihe
opinions and suggestions ot an cxpe
j deuced statesman, who, in working
. ont his programme ol reconstruction
. of tko Sont':,ern States and Southern'
? society, for tho whites :.nd Mick ", and
j for the great cause of t'ne Cuion, will
' j be st lengthened by the cordial support
of the whole country.
Ar. Interview v/itb Geri. H?.rd2e.
A correspondant of tho New York
? 1 lit rall, writing from Greensboro, M.
C., under date of M?y 2d, says:
; This morning Gen. Hardee's party
. left Raleigh at 5 o'clock, and reached
' Durham's at 7.1. By invitation they
> breakfasted wi til Gen. Kilpatrick, after
, I which they continued o:i to Greens
, I boro, [accompanied the party from
t \ Durham's. Gen. Haidee received me
~ 1 in a very cordial, generous, unreserved
? j manner. Him and I talked freely on
' I all subjects of interest at the present
i j time, 'in speaking of tho war he
I made this remarkable assertion: 'Sir,
o ? ! accept this war as the providence of
? God. He intended the slave tn be
>> ? free. Slavery was never 2 paying in
stitution. 1 have often told my friends
so. . 1'Vr instance, ? my wife owned
?about one hundred negroes; forty of
I the hundred were u?e!ess fer work, yet
/he lind to feed theso forty tor the
. work ot tin' other sixty. Tho tK?gro
will, he worse off for the war. Will
:\nv < f yi U Abolitionists of tho North
f?ied and efotho Laif a dozen little
children in order tu ??et the work of u
I mun and yo:: an? Sir, our people can
j pay the. country negroes a fair com?
pensation for then- services and " let
; them take carec? their own .families,
I ;:. d then have as much h-ft at the"end
lof the v'ear as we had nuder the old
1 -,
i system.
j 'General, do you think we will soon
j have rca! peace?'
j ' -I do ] think tho people of the
I Souc?i are anxious fer it. They wanted
it two years ago. I then "saw our
?ause could "not succeed.'
. . 'Will we not have guerilla, warfare?'
'So help me God, .-ir. if .ve du, I
..lin willing ana ready tu tight tu put
! an ?jd tu it.'
Ms tho same sentiment enteriained
1 hy the oilier general rtiicers who have
j be -i? :n the Confederate servie ?' ,
I 'it is. 1 dtave not the slightest
; doubt but that they will use every
? means they eau command to bring
j quietness and security again in the
J ?and. Thev will no wiro support
liiose who do not obey liie laws.'
j 'li.m- .will it po in South Carolina***
? 'South ! karolina is tho worse whipped
i State iu tbs I inion.'
'Dut wi!! not her leading-spirits
i eon; rol the masses?'
'They, to ?, are crushed. She has
' no leading snirits now. Let tue itn
, pr.:.-s it upon you th: t ti:3- people ol
tue Suntu watt to live in peace willi
I the people i f the "North, and y> u will
\ fuid that they will do it. They will
? do it cheerfully, provided your. Go
vernment il > ? >i resort to harsh mea?
sures. If it does result to such mea?
sures, 1. cannot answer for ti e conse?
quences. V^'e staked our all o:i the
I success of our aims, and they failed
and . . e are willing to return
[and live 'er the laws ol the United
States ;:s lind them, although they
univ not be as we would desire lo have
j lb eui.'
'Your officers have no money. What
1 are they .going to ?o''
j 'The}' must go to work. The pros?
pect before them is1 gloomy indeed. It
will i o very hard on old men like ute.
L cannot row commence a profession.'
! 'Do voa think Jeff. Davis was pleased
I wi.th the assasiiniitioa of President
: Lincoln?'
'I do not think ho was1. The peo;do
of the Sou;ii do nut like Andy John
j son. How eau they, compared to
Lincoln.' Lincoln has been in office
?'.?ur years and knew who he could
j trust. Hu had al u learned to govern.
Ho had made ,,i name. He could
'. liavo done many tilings in the South
! that .lohn-.-n cannae. 1 do not think
that Lincoln was a party mau-that
; is, that he was particularly*? . John
son is a party num. He is now, and
. lite f ar is Le will bo radical. I'hope
' he will not, for tho good of the couu
i try and*tho welfare of the people.'
i 'Tt is'said that Jeff. Davis went off
with several million? spe./ie. Is it so?'
' '! cannot particularly say whether
' it is ru* not. 1 know that Gen. Johnson
asked Mr. Davis to order some of the
j troops to Le paid oft in go1.?1., and he
j replied he had no control over the
: money. -Ile said that most of it had
; been taken from Lae Virginia hanks
and that when these were again able
j tu receive it lie would see that it wa?
j properly returned.'
'Is there much cotton in the South,
'Ob, yo*. And by-the-way let UK
tell you that it will oppress the people
of the South very much if the Go
vern ment of the United States confis
j cates tho cotton belonging to privati
j individuals. These people need ti ?
/ cotton and tobacco to commence busi
I ness oti. Tiiey tue the only articles
j they have to sell. Give them a chance
I to seil their cotton and tobacco and
(there will Le greenbacks introduced
i and trade revive. Tim cottoa which
I tin: Confederate Government owned I
i believe to be the rightfal property of
I the United States, and funner believe
j that the people of the South should ne
j honest and turn the property over tor
I the agents authorized to receive it.
j One rfian told (ne he had some Cou
I federate cotton mi his*plan tatton, and
I that lie intent! i to burn it befoie the
j enemy should get possession of it. ?
told him lie would be doing very
wrong in committing suth aa act.. On
my wile's pl.illation in Alabama 1
have some cotton that belongs to the
' Confederate Government, and which I
lam well guarding, and will turn it.
I o VIM- whenever th9 Unite.1 States
i agents are ready to receive it.'.
j Important Orders.
RICHMOND-, VA., May 3, 1865.
L A court of conciliation, consist?
ing of three arbitrators, will ho e>tah
I fished iti tire city of Mich mond.
! ll. This court will arbitrate sucrt
! cases as mav he brought before it ii
regard to the right, of possession o
property, both personal and real, nm
? to the payments of rents an I debts
i where contracts were made upon th*
' basis of Conf?d?rale currency, whicl
j tow has no legal existence. Thi:
court will take no juri-.diction o
; questions of tit lo? to properly, no
I will its decision ba., any bar to lega
I te. tedies when the civil laws and ci vi
! conit< are re-established,
j HI. The court will issue the usun
I process for the attendance of'partie
: and witnesses and the execution of ii
j'dec.isions; appoint its cloaks ana otho
i officers, and adopt niles for its prc
! ceedings. Tue tees charged will b
: simply sufficient to pay its expense;
I Any surplus will be-given lo the poo
I All parties bringing suit in this couri
and all attorneys and agents appcarin
I for them, will be required to bike th
, amnesty oath. No fees will be char?
' ed to the poor. -
I In its decisions the court wi!
j bo governed by the principles r
i equity ami justice. All alike, white an
; colored, v< ill be allowed the benefit <
I its jurisdiction. All proceedings wi
[ be simple and brief, and directed sch
? ly to ascettaiuing and assuring cx.u
! justice.
j Y. The Provost Marshal will rofl
i to the court all questions which com
I properly within its jurisdiction, an
I will adopt its decision so far as coi
j corns the disposition of properly lu
j longing to private parties, now in h
1 ba n'ds.
'VI. As soon as the civil courts ai
re-establised the court of conciliatio
will cease its functions.
Dy oi lier Maj. Gen. HALLECK.
J. C. KICLT?X, A. A. G.
Norfolk, Va.. April 19,*l865.
To those erring and misguided pc
! sons who have been allowed to retui
j to their homes, and to all to whom
may be applicable, this order is pn
. mitigated. Many of you have bec
j madly attempting the destruction
j our common country, but a just Gu
j ba? defeated your efforts. You hat
j experienced the might of your Gover:
i incut; you are now permitted to enjc
j its clemency. Y'oU arc again at hom
j with the loved flag of the nation wa
j mg over you, to defend, succor an
protect. You aro received into th
district in the belief that, truly penile'
for the past, will become good cidze:
in the future. That you will in rettn
for tho confidence bestowed, she
yourselves worthy that confident
In that belief you may rely upon ??
i and impartial treatment. Upon
j proper manifestation of allegiance, y<
Ishall seek your own living, as you mi
ch; ose, and be subjected to no exce
sive restraints. You shall sha
equally ali ihe privileges that ca.:
with safely he bestowed on any. Thus
will vou bfc truced. With vourselves
and your families remains your futuro
of happiness <>r misery. As rou ?rive,
so shall you receive. With what
measure you mete ont voa- loyalty,
shall protection .and pardon be teeter!
out to you. A sailv and dogged
obedience, a traitorous lip service mid
a sneering worship ia Ooo':: ho! r
temple, with treason in the he?rf, v. id
I not assure such h a pp i ress lo the male
j or female subject tba! joy will be boro
th ere tVorn. Let, there be thank" to
("od that the heart of tho nat: ?u has
bpeti turned to pardon rather 'him to
punishment,but take hee'd that off-nee
j cometh not again. Bv order of
Drjg. Gem GEO. H. GORDON,
I T. IL U.VUKJ 3, .Wt A j t Gen.
j C. P. Br. ivrx, L. and A. A. C.
! AN lirsroRrcAt. LOCCMOTTV- - A
letter from Goidsboro, N. G., soys:
".Vino::"; the 1. eontf?fivessecured b**
I t'en. Tu*ry in hi. overland tnovntnenr,
j from "\\ ilmingtou i < G ddsboro, is one
? that pos?i s?os some historical interest
! The engine 'Job Terry' first came tr.
! the possession of th? United State
military authorities by the occupatio!
i of Alexandria, Virginia, sn Mavv18''l
1 was recaptured by Stotiewa-ll J-teksoi
. al liront ib.yal, in I he famous Banks
! retreat ito . n the Shenandoah, in th?
Summer of 1882; recaptured som
, after by the Union foi ces nour Mar
tinsburg, and found slighth dara aced
I was, however, soon put in ru uni ti;
! oioer; not r us hut a short time
I again fa!lin_, in'o rebel hands at VVar
j renton Junction, Virginia,ai the time o
' Pope's disastrous campaign, doing th'
j rebels erv ico until repossessed tb
I f ucl? Sam last week, by her name
sake, General To ry. It is-fair ti
.j presume that the military vicissitude
I nf ibis, locomotive are at last over, an?
I that while there is steam in her ?roi
! lungs it will bc repaired for her exclu
? sive benefit of the United States (,'?.
I COTTON*.-At a meeting of. th
i Nev "i oik . 'bamber of Commerce, o:
j the ii T t li ultimo, a report was made oj
I :he subject of confiscated cotton at tbj
! Sou'.!!, which closed with a very noT
I recommendation, lt was, in substance
j.that the Government should not ap
I propriatc proceeds of tho sale of th
cotton l i the public treasury, bu
j should pay the money over to th
merchants whoso Southern debts wer
1 unsatisfied when the civil war brok
lout. The World, of the 18th? say
Tins modern scheme ol robbing reo?
i Peters to pay Northern Pauls, did nc
'strike tho. Chamber favorably, :ui
Mi ssis. 11 l innell .ic Marshall denounce
i this si-'.i-b and most uuiuercatni!
proposition as it deserved. . The pe:
sun who wrote ihe report would Lav
i profited by tho sci.cine wore it to :
j adopted by the Government. Tb
I problem for the Chamber to solve i
j not the best way of lobbing theSouti
ern people of their cotton, but.ho
I trade can best be opened .'or tire mu:u?
benefit pf-both North and. South.
1 To do things on an immense seal
is a -in,liter of course in the gre:
West. Speaking of the lumber bus
ness on the Upper Mississippi,
Minnesota paper records the moveme:
of a vast amount of logs, just after tr.
icc gave way. It says: -The spectac!
now presented is grand, ft, is es'
mated mar. there are from fifteen t
two. ty million feet of lumber, piled '.
every imaginable way, in some plac?
towering up twenty or thirty lett, ..::
reaching tu the hpttomof the river/
S me curious cattle, ot Africs
breed, imported by v^en. Wad i J!...V
ton, consisting of a bull, cow and ca
which was captured on his plantain
near Columbia, South Carolina, ha;
been arried North and deliver,
over to Gen. Meigs, who will for wa:
them to New York to be nlaced tn ti
Central Park.

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