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Friday Morning, Mfcy 26, 1866. | We beg to say to oar correspondent, "W.H. S.," that we sh*uld be pleased to pnblish his memorial, but for our question of the cwt bono? It is perfectly true, just and sensible, and contains proper counsel for all parties; but its publication would not only be wholly disregarded by the bodies addressed, but in all probability .wculd be regarded as an impertinence. Our friends s?em continually to forget the fact that in all these matters, for twenty years, our advice and opinions in regard to n.'gro ?abor,and the interests and charac? teristics ot that race-to say nothing of other interests and subjects-have been steadily wa wed against by all the agencies of tuet ion, and it is not to be expected that our pleadings now will avail any? thing, where onr counsels, for so long a s<-pson, have not only been perpetually de? spised, but have been the subject of an odium that sought perpetually to make us odious throughout the world. Our opinions and arguments have been long since put on record; our pleas now, especially at this momen t, would be regarded only as a time eerving expedient of a selfish interest, to be treated -withsuspicion if not with scorn. As for the apprehended mischief and ruin to both clisses, white and black, it may be .well to ask whether even this be not a thing anticipated by the assailants in th?3 life-long crusade against our institutions. Briefly, we ape no longer regarded as dis ? interested people; we are not called-upon' as counsellors, and any advice now that we should give will be held to be gratui tous and perhaps resented as offensive and impertinent. It ls not to he forgotten, also, that the counsellors in this case are now Btandiug in the attitude of the crimi? nal. They must first put themselves rechts in curia, before-they can challenge consideration of any kind No! Let us yield tbesp concerns of our domestic and material policy to those who assert the exclusive power-since nothing that we ' could say would command attention. We could predict the mischiefs-and distress to ensue, ad infinitum, and to no purpose. Nothing but the sober, sad experience of ?.he rn'm wi'.1, make itself felt, and make the caso understood;. and this will force i'sShl? 'ueibre long upon the most hostile and ignorant understandings. For our planters and people generally, we have but one counsel to give. We counsel them to endeavor-such as are allowed sufficient exercise of freedom to do so-to rescue .from their wrecks of fortune whatever debris may still be spared; to keep this debris compactly in band; to concentrate their energies upon the smallest possible .circuit of employment within their seve? ral precincts; to address themselves stead? ily to home labors; to practice equal industry and economy; and prepare them? selves in this manner for all the exigencies of a coudition which, for many yeare, is likely to be one of caprice and perpetual change, ' and, perhaps, disorder. In the meantime, while working equally in the mind and in the soil, let them banish all thought- of interference with politics eschew all politics which contemplate any? thing beyond the purely domestic condi? tion of District and State. It is not im? probable, indeed, that our State lines will be obliterated, wholly or in part, and that South Carolina, at least, will be reduced to a purely territorial condition. Perhaps thi3 condition would be preferable, since, in such case, our representatives-snch as they are like to be-will bo able to do very little mischief. We neid peace, if we can get it, and no polities. The patient is nick, very Digh unto death-feeble and in a state of extreme prostration-needing nursing chiefly, and to be kept from all excitement. Whv should we distress him with considerations of an evil when he is helpless in regard to ?ts remedy? Gov.' Magrath's Arrest. . Oov. Magrath wa? arrested and taken off in om ambulance, under the escort of a licntenant and two soldiers, ahout 2 p. m., yesterday. The great body- of tbe most respectable citizens waited upon him during the morning, before his departure, expressing their sympathy and respect. . That such an arrest should take place in the capital-of South Carolina, and in the csse of its Executive, should be conclusive as to the complete moral aud physical prostration of the country. The publication of the Augusta Pac'fi eator has leea resumed. Sound Woods from a Sound Source. We publish below an addres? from the Hon. E. IV?. Bruce to the soldiers of Ken? tucky. - Though immediately applicable to his own constituent?!, over whom no man ' has so much nor such justly obtained in? fluence, these word? of wisdom, of sober judgment and rational appeal, are not without their appositeness to all Confede: rate soldiers. They point to the discharge of home duties, from which no man cnn shrink.'. Peace bas been obtained, it mat? ters not at what cost of feeling and prin? ciple-that peace is now to be maintained, and be is wisest who strives with his whole heart to mfike the most of our situation. Wp thank Mr. Bruce for so soundly ad? vising the gallant soldiery whom he has represented so long. True to them in the flush of victory, as in the sad hour of de? feat, his words of practical wisdom will not fail unheeded: AUGUSTA, GA., May l0,"l865. SOLDIERS OF KENTUCKY: Finding it ut? terly impossible to communicate with each of you as I would wish, and even to an? swer by letter or verbally the various in? quiries propounded tp me, I have taken this method of responding and saying a few things to you, that I deem justified by our past relations and the bopes of our oom mon future. First, frankly, my advice to? you'is to returr; to your homes. There is no hope of prosecuting the war to a different con? clusion, either here or in the Trans-Missis? sippi Department; and I feel assured that every man who shall lose his life hereafter in thc mad strife will be 6elf-murdered. I would not, therefore, have you led farther astray by any delusive prospects of a con? tinuance of the struggle. Your duty henceforth lies at borne, in tho peaceful pursuits of civil life. Your title to the appellation ot heroes has been fully established. You have proven yourselves Kentuckians, worthy of the name, crowned as it is by heroic darinc, and wreathed with the laurels of victory won on so many battle-fields of past historic renown. A nobler duty now awaits you. Successful you have not been. But patient and magnanimous you can be under . defeat, showing yourselves as good and faithful citizens as you have been brave and chivalrous soldiers. At considerable personal hazard, I have remained here in ord?r to farther your interest I have had frequent interviews with the United States military authorities, who have treated me with uniform kind? ness and courtesy, and acceded to all my requests in your behalf. Recognizing and respecting your soldierly qualities, they now only desire to facilitate your return to your families, and to treat you honor? ably us soldiers and fellow-citizens. I ara sure you will reciprocate this magnani? mous and kind feeling. Paroles will be furnished you in this city and the various lownswhere you may be located, which will entitle you to trans? portation and rations, where they can be furnished. Transportation will be furnished via Atlanta, Dalton, Chattanooga, ?tc. I fear you may be compelled to walk from At? lanta to Kingston or Carterville. Wa? gons, however, .will be furnished for the sick and wounded. Your parole will guarantee you subsistence at any point where a United States commissary depot may be established. 1 And now, my friends, I bid you an af? fectionate farewell. My parting injunc? tion is to be true to your manhood-lo be calm, courteous and dignified. Avoid dis eussions. Use no language of recrimina? tion.* Be, above all things, gentlemen. In the peace of.your homes, rest quietly. Be not allured by any enticements, to eDgage in guerilla warfare. That will produce evil and only evil. It is unchris? tian and inhuman,<ii.d can only protract a contest which has already caused tears of blood to flow and reared hecatombs ot martyrs. I repeat, therefore, accept your paroles and regard them with scrupulous fidelity. Let your conduct be marked by j n faithful obedience to the laws of your country. Resolve to aid in the great work of pacification and reconciliation, which will give peace and prosperity again to this once happy and prosperous land. Commending you to the Great Con? troller of Events, who has so sorely af? flicted us, I pray that He may guide and protect you; that we may learn wisdom from the bitter experience of the past, and that your honor may never be sullied. I am your fellow-citizen, E. ?J. BRUCE FROM CHARLESTON.-An order has been issuer, by Gen. Hatch, organizing a home guard. The object of the organization is the very worthy one of having within the city a body of armed citizens who can be depended upon in preserving the peace and quiet of the cit}-, in case the troops now there should be detached for service elsewhere. A paragraph in the same order notifies the colored peuple from the country that they must, within ten days, remove to the plantations on the islands Bet aside fur t heir use by Gen. Sherman. Non compli? ance with this order deprives them of the privilege of drawing rations. "The Augusta Chronicle says telegraphic communication is open from that city to New Orleans, Griffin, S*lma and Meridian for private aud commercial business. At last dates, the foreign cotton markets were quite unsettled, and most holders had withdrawn their stock. Pricer were about a half penny higher. President Lincoln's Amnesty. By hi? proclamation of the 8th of De? cember, 1863, (says the Augusta Chronicle,) President Lincoln granted a fall pardon to all who had been in re' Nion, with a fall restoration of all rights ol property ex? cept in slaves and in cases where the rights of third parties had intervened, and upon condition of taking and subscribing and keeping inviolate an oath ta support and defend the Constitution and the Union under it, and to abide faithfully by all the laws of Congress, and by the proclama? tions of the Pr^sid'ent in regard to slaves, so far as they are not repealed or declared void by thc Supreme Court. The persons excepted from this amnesty were all who are^ or have been civil or diplomatic officers and agents of the rebel Government-all who have left judicial station? under the United States to aid the rebellion-all who are or have been mili? tary and naval officers above the rani of colonel in the army or lieutenant in the navy-all who left seats in tho United States Congress, or resigned commissions in its ar ny or navy, and afterward aided the rebellion-and all who have treated colored or white soldiers and sailors of the United States otherwise than as prisoners of war. On the 2 S th of March, 1864, President Lincoln by proclamation defined that the amnesty was limited to those "who were not prisoners of war, but who, being free from any arrest, voluntarily took the oath. Paroled officers and men are not, therefore, entitled to the amnesty oath until it may be so ordered by the Execu? tive. According to instructions issued from Washington at a later date, blockade run? ners and those directly interested were also put on the excepted lists. On the 6th of December. 1864. in his last anneal message to Congress, the Pre? sident said that when he issued the am? nesty he stated that the excepted classes might still be within special clemertcy. "During the year," he continued, "many availed themselves of the general provi? sion, and many more would, only that the signs of bad faith in some" led to precau? tions. Special pardens had also b*?en granted to persons of the excepted classes. '.The door has bren for a full year open to all." But he adds, "The time may come, probably will come, when public duty shall demand that, it be closed, and that, in lieu, more rigorous measures than here? tofore shall be adopted." Such measures were not suggested-by President Lincoln, nor have they been adopted. The amnesty remains in full force uatil it is modified by President Johnson. -NATIONAL BANKS -A late despatch from Washington makes the following state? ment in regard to national banks: On the last day of the last session of the last Congress, two Acts concerning the national banks were passed, which, when sought to be carried into practical effect, are fouud to conflict with each other. One was an amendment to the National Cur? rency Act, providing for the limitation of the nat ional banks to A certain per centum of their capital, and also for the pro rata distribution of the total authorized three hundred millions of capital among the several States and Territories, according to the representative population, existing banking capital, ?tc. of each. The other Act is an amendment to nn internal rev? nue law, providing for the nationalization of tho old State banks, and that the pre? ference be given to the applications of such banks over those ot new banks. Now, if the Act authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to distribute pro rata the entire amount of authorized capital be carried out, then nearly the whole of New Eng? land and some other States will be entirely cut off, as, acconiiuy to their population, they have already received more than their proportion. Thus all i he old State banks in these States not yet nationalized would be de? barred from so doing, and be driven out of existence by the impending ten. per cent, tax, which lakes effect July 1, 1866. The Secretary of the Treasury and the Con? troller of the Currency have, therefore, decided to hold in abeyance, for the pre? sent, their action on that portion of the amendment to the Currency Act which provides for the distribution of the capi? tal, in order that the old State banks may have the benefit of the nationalization process. At the same time, it is decided that these banks must effect the change in their status without any increase in the amount of their capital. Some of the banks have done so by authority of their State laws, but every increase of this kind simply operates to shut out some other existing bank, whose privileges under Act are equally valid. No autho? rity to organize new banks is row being given, except to substantial parties in lead? ing Southern cities, and in States like Michigan, where there are no State baoks Steamboats are now running regularly between Savannah and Mi eon. They are loaded mostly with Government stores, and are used chiefly for Government busi? ness. Medical. DR. R. W. GIBBES, Jr. has removed to the ofiic.e and residence of Mr. Ecrgholz, corner of Assemblv and fiouli? da ry streets. Professional practice con? tinued, ruay 2<j 2 Xiocal Xtoxxxs. ? The office of the Columbia J'hanix is | on Gates street, second door from Plain, j MILITARY GOVERNMENT IN COLUMBIA. We deem it proper to advise our public that the military governmentof tba United States has wholly superseded the civil go? vernment of the State and city. There is now no other authority here lhan a mili? tary authority. This being the case, it will be well for the citizens to ask what are the requisitions of the.militaiy com? mandant of the city of Columbia, and to comply with them. Lieut Col. Haughton, the commandant, has his quarters in the brown stone building, on thc South sideo/ the College Campus. The Acting Provost Marshal, Lieut. John Walton, will be found in the same quarters. The latter officer is prepared to grant parolee to soldiers and to administer the oath to all citizens. Wc believe that this is a necessary, condition prior to the transaction of any bushiest,. (??^"PERSONAL.-All subscribers to the PJionix whose subscriptions have ex? pired, will please come forward and renew, ia specie or provisions; otherwise their papers will be stopped. We wish it distinctly understood that our terms are cash, f?o advertise? ments will, therefore, be inserted unless paid for in advance. We present the following schedule df rates, in the case of the most obvious com? modities. For one month's subscription to the Phoenix, we will receive either of the following, viz: 1 bushel corn. 1? bush, peas or potatoes 5 pounds butter. 25 lbs. flour. 7 *. lard. 4 lbs. candles. 7 *' haeon. 9 qts. rice. 8 dozen eggs. 4 head of chickens. Wood, vegetables and provisions gene? rally received at fair market rutes ap? proaching the specie standards. Gen. Johnston's Last Order. HEADQ'RS ARMY OK TEN.NKSSKE, Near Greensboro, N. C., May 2, I8t>5 General Order? No. 22. COMR/RKS: In terminating our official relations, 1 earnestly exhort you to observe faithfull}' the terms of pacification agreed uprtn, nnd to discharge the obligations of good and peaceful citizens at your homes, as #ell as you have performed the duties of thorough soldiers in the field. By such a course you will be6t secure the comfort of your families and kindred,'aud restore tranquility to the country. You will return to your homes with the admiration of our people, won by the courage and noble devotion you have dis? played in this long war. I sh? ll always lemeinber with pride the loyal support ond generous confidence you have given me. I now part with you with deep regret, and bid you farewell with feelings of cor? dial friendship, and with earnest wishei that you may have hereafter all the pros' peritv and happiness to be found in tin world. J. E. JOHNSTON, General. Officiai: ARCHER. ANDEUSON, A. A. G. Lieut. Col. KENNARD, Chief. Ord. THE DANGER OF HORSE TRADING.-Wt leura that a military court is now in ses ?ion in Macon, for the investigation o charges against citizens and soldiers win have been engaged in horse trading. Some time since, we warned our peoph against purchasing anything which tie louged to the late so called Onfederali Government unless it had the "condemned mark" of the United States Goveriuntn upon it. Thousands of horses, mules uni wagons have been illegitimately dispos,-? of hy those having them in charge. Thej roust all be returned to the proper audio rities at the various military posts. Thosi parties having them in their possessioi now may endeavor to dispose of them. I will, however, make, no diiference witt the Goverpment whether the party win has the property in their possession whet found bought it from a soldier or a privat citizen. Government property is Govern ment property, no matter how ohtaiued. We, therefore, caution all not to pur chase anything in the shape of Govern tnent property, unless it has first bee condemned by Government officials. [Augusta Chronicle, May 20. HATS, SH?BS M. A. SHELTON & CO, Bull Street, near thc Post Office, Columbia, S. C., ss^v RESPECTFULLY .inform thei ?j^ilfrierids, and the public in genera ^Bt4^8tr>a' thev have just returned fror I Charleston, with an assorted stock < j GOODS-the fi i tt importation of the sc? i son-consisting in pa.t of: j LADIES' HATS, (fashionable,) crreime in style. GENTS HATS-5ne. SHOEy, assorted sizes. LADIES' HOSIERY, PINS, SOAP. STARCH, CANDLES, SUGAR. TEA. fine Green; MACKEREL. HERRING, CODFISH, RAISINS. BROOMS. SEI VES, YEAST POW DE RS, Ac, which they wili sell LOW f cash. may 26 HENRY SXIPPEE, TTt7*HlTEt?ilITU, L< >< KSM1TH, Horee V* sheer. Wheelwright ?nd Smith ;u entrai-nem-1y"oppot-it? Catholic Church. All kinds of FARMING WORK dore on the shortest notice and the most reasonable terms, for provisions or cash, may 26 6 By Jacob Cohen. AT PRIVATE SALE. 1 IT A NO. (excel? lent quality.) 3 fine CARPETS. Y MATTRESSES. 1 lot CHI NA ?nd GLASS. 3 WASH TUB*>, 2 TIN BUCKETS. 1 largo Leather Easy Chair, 1 sro all Reeking; Chair, 2 Pitchers and 1 Basin, 1 Chamber and 1 Washstand, 1 Pine Bookcase, 1 Pine Wardrobe, 4 Tine Bunks, 1 Mahogany Dining Tabla; may 26 3* ' Headq'rs Department ol' the South, HILTON HEAD. S. C , MAY 15, 1&65. G EN Eil AL OILDER? NO. 63. ITHF. proclamation .of A. G. Ma? tt grath, atv ii i,g himself Governor of South Carolina, dated at Headquarters, Columbia, South Carolina, May* 2, 1865, dec! H ring that all subsistence ?tores and. the property of the Confederate Staten within the limits of the Slate should be turned over ?nd accounted for by tho Agents of the Slate, appointed for that purpose, and directing that, the subsistence ,nnd other stores shall be used for the relief of the people of the State; and the pro? clamation of Joseph B. Brown, styling himself Governor of Georgia, dated at the capital ot that Stale, on the 3d day of May, 1S65, requiring the officers and mem? bers of the General Assembly to meet in extraordinary session at the Capitol, in Milledficville, on Monday, the 22d day of May, 1B65; and the proclamation of A. K. Allison, styling himself Acting Goverror of Florida", dated ar. Tallahassee, on the 8th day of April, 18G5, giving notice and direction that an election will Vie held on Wednesday, the 7th day of June, 186?, for Governor of the State of Florida; are, each and all of them, declared null and void; it having become known to nie, from trustworthy information, that the afore? said A. G. Magrath, Joseph E. Brown and A. K. Allison, are disloyal to the United States, having committed sundry and di? vers acts of treason against, the same, in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. The persons and peoples, to whom thc proclamations hercinat.ove referred to have been respectively addressed, are therefore enjoined and commanded to give no heed whatever thereto, or to any orders, proclamations, commissions or com? mands, emanating -from per-ons claiming the right, tn exercise the functions and au? thority of Governor in either of the States of South Carolina, Georgia or Florida, unless the same shall have been promul? gated by the advice or consent of the United btat.es authorities. II. The policy and wishes of the Gene? ral Government toward the people of these States, and the method which should be pursued by them in resuming or assuming the exercise of their political rights, will doubtless be made known at. au early day. It is deemed sufficiriit, meanwhile, to announce that the pi-ople of the black race are five citizens of the United States, th-it it is the fixed intention of n wise and beneficent Government to protect lh?-m in the enjoyment of their freedom and the fruits of their industry, and that it is the manifest and binding doty of ?ll citizens, whites as Well as blacks, to make such urrangementaaVid agreements among them? selves, for compensated labor, as shall be-" mutually : dvantageous to all parties. Neither idleness;nor vagrancy will be tole? rated, and the Government wiil not *x tenii pecuniary aid to any persons, whether white or black, who are unwilling to help themselves. - * III. District and Post' Commanders throughout this" Department will at once cause this order to be circulated far and wide, by special couriers or otherwise, and will take stich steps to secure its enforce? ment aa may by them be deemed necessa? ry. Q. A. GILLMORE. may 26 Major General Commanding. IN the basement'of Lewis Lev\-'s house,, corner of Plain and Assembly streets, the following articles: BACON, BUTTER, LARD, FLOUR, GREEN TEA, MOLASSES, SUGAR, COFFEE, CORN MEAL, RICH, PEAS, CORN, PI. SODA, LINDA RS, HONEY, Cotton Cards. TACKS, Knives and Forks, SCREWS. Hand-saw Files, j Playing Cards, Matches, I Sperm Candles, Pepper, Tallov Salt, I Chewing Tobaeco, Casi il.? Soap, j Smoking " Manilla Rope, I Mourning Muslin, Shirting, Pins, Writing Paper, Envelopes, Steel Pens, 4 Lead Pencils, Gum Opium, Gum Camphor, Calomel, Chloroform, Potash. Bv may 25 3 H. SOLOMON. Passage to the Up Country. HAVING two good - oats, fi#*L? w'd commence running a ,TRI WEEKLY LINE to and trom Conimbia to Alston and Shelton'? Ferrv, every Monday, Wednesday and Fri? day. Passengers will be carried to cither point, at reasonable rates, payable ir. specie or provisions. For freight or pass age, apply on board, at Geh"', 's Mill, may 23 L. J. HANCOCK.