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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
r?BLisuLD DAILY, EXCEPT SUNOAT,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Six months, - - - - $5
One mouth,- - 1
Onetquare, (ten line?,) One time, 50 ct?
Subsequent insertions, - ito cts
Speeial notice-- ten cents per line.
Baby is King.
A rose curtained cradle, where, nestled
Soft cambric and flannel, lie pounds seven
ls the throne of ft tyrant-that pink little
Is au-autocrat august, for baby is king.
Good, solemn grand father dares hardly to
Or walk, lest.the sleeper should hear his
Grand ma is a martyr, in habits and cap.
Which the monarch unsettles as well asher
Papa, wise and mighty, just home from
Grows meek on the threshold, aud moves
like a mons?,
To stare at the bundles; wheu outward
he u-ut-s, . .
Like au elephant trying to walk on ?ts toes.
The queen of tlio ball room throws loyally
Before him.the roses elie wore in her
And siii.'a little love songs of hew she
Tire fair ba y blossom she* rocks on her
Good amiti?s and cousins before him bow
Though ho rumples the ringlets, twists
collar and bow;
Ile bids the. nurse wall: with his majesty's
And cries when she stops like a merciless
He flings right and left his saucy fat fist.
And th- n?ihe next moflieut expects to be \
He demands people's watches to batter
And meeis. 'a refusal with struggle and
Then, failing U* conquer, with passionate
cry, " <
Ile quivers his lips, keeps" n tear in his ive;
And so wins the battle, this Wise liule
lie knows the world over that biby is ?
k?."? _ !_ j
Mr. William Brown, member of tho J
Britte!) Parliament, in presiding :it.,aj
concert recently giveu in connection
with a Working; M> n's Association in
1 jancashin?, England, told a story of a
little girl len years of-age, vyjio called
at his house during tho .social .science !
week, when Lord Brougham, Lord
John Russell, and other di-.tinguishod
personages were his guests. 'Polly'
for that was the Kiri's name-asked to
. seo Lord John Russell-, and when she
was shown into tb<= room to "his lord- j
chip, in a modest, but frank and win?
ning manner, she told bow she had a
taste for music, and that she wished to
be educated, but that her parents were
poor, and could not afford to ?live her
that kind of training which would
best develop her musical talent. Lord
John was please! with the child,
pleased with tho beauty of her singinc
-for she sann-several snugs before tlie
great people - niel ultimately Lady
Russell declared that she would most!
willingly contribute towards tho ex?
pense, it" Mr. Brown would see that
'polly' was suitably educated. The
result was, that site was now at D'.ack
hurne House, receiving, as good an
education as anv gentleman's daugh?
ter in tho land; and they were glad to
receive her there without fcc or reward.
The music master reported most favor
ably of her great aptitude foV music;
and, from the formation of her vocal
organs, she bade fair to he a famous
songstress-JU prinin. donna, perhaps,
who, by her beauty (tor she was beKU
ttful, too,) and her t>ot;g, .would some
day win a diadem.
Never resent a supposed injury
until you know the views r.r.d motives
cf the author.
Rules and Regulations Concerning
Commercial Intercourse with In?
TREASURY DEF'T, May 9, 1865.
With a view of carrying out the
purposes of (he Executive, ai express
ed in his Executive Order, bearing
date of April 21), 18G5, 'To relieve all
loyal citizens and well-disposed per?
sons residing in insurrectionary Slates
from unnecessary commercial restric?
tions, and to encourage them to return
to peaceful pursuits, tho following
regulations ate prescribed, and will
hereafter^ govern commercial inter?
course between the States of Tennes?
see, Virginia, North Carolina.' South I
Carolina. Georgia, Florida, Alabama, 1
Mississippi, and Louisiana East of the I
Mississippi river, heretofore declared in
insurrection, and the loyal States:
First. AJI commercial transactional
under these regulations shall be con-j
ducte,d under the supervision of officers I
j of customs and others 'acting as officers
j of customs.
I Second. Prohibited Articles.-The
j following * articles are prohibited,
and n<jiie such wjll be allowed to be
transported to ot ?within any State
, heret?)fore declared in insurrection, I
! except ort Government account, viz:
Arms, ammunition, all articles fruin j
j which ammunition ?s manufactured,
'gray uniforms and cloth, locomotives
cars, railroad ?rou, and machinery for!
operating railroads, telegraph wires,
insulatois, and instruments for ope?
rating; telegraph lines.
Third. Amounts of Products Allow?
ed, and Places to which su -h may bei
Transporte J.- It having been deter-1
j mined and agreed 11 punchy the proper
officers uf the War and Treasury De-1
part men ts, in accordance with the
requirements of seetioti nine of the'
, Act of July 2, 1801, that the amount j
I bf goods required to supply the neces?
sities of the loyal persons residing in
! the insurrectionary Sutes, within the
military lines of the United States
forces, .shall be ah amount equal to
the aggregate of the applications
( therefor, arid that the placen to which
j such goads may be tttken shall be all
places inlsuch lines that may be named
! in the several applications tor trans?
portation thereto, it is -tl.crefore direct
ed that clearance shall be granted, on
application by any laval citizen, for all |
guwJs not prohibited, in such amounts j
and to such places which, under the)
rev? nue and collection laws of tin' I
United S ates, have been ere:'.ted ports
of entry and delivery in coastwise
tra 'e, as the applicant may desire.
Fourth. Clearage.--Beffeeany ves?
sel shall be eleare 1 for any port within
tlie insurrectionary Status, or from one j
port to another therein, or from any
such ports to :i port in tim loyal States, 1
the master of every such vessel shall I
present to the proper officer of customs j
a manifest of her cargo, whiyh mani
fest shall set forth the character of the
merchandize composing -Jsaid cargo,
and, if showing no prohibited articles,
shall be certified by such officer .of
Fifth. Arrival and Disehanje of
Cargo in. an Insurrectionary State.
On tho arrival cf any such vessel at
the port of destination, it shall be the
duty of the master thereof forthwith
to present to the proper officer of th?
customs the certified manifest ol' her
cargo, whereupon the officer shall
cause the vessel to be discharged
under his general supervision, and if
the cargo is found to corrcspotu with
the manifest, a certificate to that effect
shall be given to the masttr. If there
shall be found any prohibited articles,
they shall' be seized and held subject
to the orders of the Secretar}' of the
Treasury, and the officer shall forth?
with report to tho department all the
facts of' the case; and any such vessel
arriving from an j' foreign port, or
from any domestic port, without a
proper, clearance, or with contraband
articles, shall, with tho cargo, be seized
.and held as subject to confiscation
ender tb*? laws of the United States.
Sixth. Lading within and Depar?
ture from an Insurrectionary State.
Vessels in ports within ac insurrec?
tionary State not declared open to the
commerce of the world shall be laden
under the supervision of the proper
office"' of this Department, whose duty
it shall boto require before any articles
are allowed lo be shipped, satisfactory
evidence that upon all merchandize
the taxes and fees required by law and
these regulations have been paid, or
secured to be paid, which fact, with
the .amount so pairj, shall be certified
upon the manifest. No clearance
shall be granted. If upon any article
so shipped the 1*es *nd internal reve?
nue' taxes or either shall only hate
been secured to be paid, such facts
shall be noted upon the manifest, and
the proper officer at the port af desti?
nation of sweh vessel shaJI hold the
goods till ali such taxes and fees shall
he paid according to law and these
Seventh. Supply Stores.-Persons
desiring to keep a supply store at any
place within an tnsa'rectionary State
shall make application therefor to thc
nearest ? Iii?- r of the Treasury Depart?
ment, which application shall sot forth
iii at tho applicant is loyal to?the Go
vern men t of the United States; and
upon being convinced of such loyalty
a license for such supply store sha!
forthwith bu granted, and the person
to whom the license is granted sha!
he authorized to purchase goods at am
other supply store within the iusurrec
tionary States, or at such other poin
as he may select. The party receiving
such license shall pay therefor tlu
license fee prescribed by the interna
revenu - law.
Eighth. Exempted Articles.-Al
articles ' of lt jal production and con
sumption,, such as fruits, butter, ice
eggs, meat, wood, coal, ?Ssc.,may, with
out fee or restriction, be freely trans
ported and sold at such points in at
insurrectionary State as the owner mat
Ninth. Shipment of Products of ar
Insurrectionary State.-Ali cotton no
produced by persons with their owi
labor or with the labor of freedmen o
others emplovud and paid by them
must, before'shipmeat to any port o
place in a loyal State, be sold to an<
resold by an officer of theGovernmen
especially appointed for the purpose
under regulations prescribed bv tin
Secretary 0/ the Treasury and ap
proved by the President; and beton
showing any cotton or other produc?
to he shipped, or granting clearance
for any vessel, the proper custom
officer or other persons acting a*, sucl
must require irom the purchasinj
agent of the internal revenue officer ;
certificate that the cotton proposed t<
be shipped has been resold by him, o
that, twenty five per cent, of the valu
thereof has been paid to such purchas
ing agent in money, and that th
cotton is thereby'fre? from further fe
or tax. If thc cotton proposed to b
shipped is claimed and proved to b
the product of a person's own labor, o
of freedmen or others employed an?
paid by them, the officer will requit
t!i?\t the shipping fee of three cent
per pound shall be paid or secured ti
be paid thereon. If any product odie
than cutten is offered for shipment, tin
certificate of the internal revenu
offlcer that all internal taxes flue there
on have been collected and paid mus
bc produced prior to stich Jftoduct
being shipped or cleared, and if ther
is .MO inteinal revenue officer, then stiel
taxes shall ba collected hy the cus
toms officer, or he shall cause the sam
to be secured to be paid, provided ii
Tenth. Inland Transportation.-Th
provision of these regulations, neces
Hardy modified, shall be considere
applicable to all shipments" inF?tnd t
or within the insurrectionary States b
any means cf transportation what?
Eleventh. Charges.--Goods not pr<
hibitcd may t<? transported to insui
rectionary States free. The charges
upon all products shipped or trans?
ported from an insurrectionary State,
other than Opon cotton, shall be the
charges prescribed by the internal
revenue laws. Upou cotton, other
than that purchased and resold by the
Government, th^ee cents per pouud,
which must be credited by the officer
collecting as follows, viz: Two cents
per pound a? the shipping fee. All
cotton purchased and resold by the
Government shall be allowed to be
transported free from all fees and taxe's
Twelfth. Records to be kept.-Full
and complete accounts and records
must be kept by all officers acting
under these regulations of their trans?
actions under them, in such manner
and form as shall be prescribed by the
Commissioner of Customs.
Thirteenth. Loyalty a Requisite.
No goods shall bo sold in an insurrec?
tionary Stale, by or to, nor any trans?
portation held with, atiy person or j
persons not loyal to the Government
of the United States. Proof of loyalty
must be the taking and subscribing ttie
following oath or evideuce, to be tiled,
that it, or one similar in purport and
Viieaning,has been taken, viz: 1,-, j
I do solemnly swea"r, in presence of Al
I mighty God, that 1 will henceforth
faithfully support, nrotect and defend
the Constitution o: the United States,
i and all laws made in pursuance thereto.
Fourteenth. Former Regulations
Revoked.-These regulations shall take
elfect and be in force on and after the
10th day. of May, 18G5, and shall
supersede all other regulations and
circulars heretofore prescribed by the
Treasury Department concerning com?
mercial intercourse between loyal and
insurrectionary States, ad ut" which
are hereby rescinded and annulled.
Secretary of the Treasury.
Washington, May 9,180").
The foregoing rules and regulations
concerning commercial intercourse
. with and in States and parts of States
declared in 'insurrection, prescribed by
the Secretary of .the Treasury in con?
formity with the Acts of Congress re?
lating thereto, having been seen and
considered bv me, are hereby approved.
Women of Lima.
..They are constantly about during
the day and evening, in their graceful
j costumes. The saya manta, about
! which so much Las been said, is not
worn much nowadays, though I oc
I casvoaally 6aw it. The women, how
i ever, almost universally wear the shawl
upon the head, muffling up the face,
and sometimes concealing everything
j but one eye, which however does more
? than double duty. The ladies seem
! to he inveterate shoppers, and are evn
; dently fond o? gadding about. They
! dress very gaily in rich French silks
j and satins, and look in the streets.
! with their shawls drawn over their
I heads, as if they had just, stepped out
! of a carriage, and were in time for a
nart$\ They are not all so diary of
showing their faces; as those 1 saw
were exceedingly pretty, I very sagely
inferred if there were any ugly women
.in Lima, they were among those who j
.did not venture to disclose their fea?
tures. I iiad a shrewd suspicion that
the saya manta was the disguise for
old age and departed charms. The
women luve wondrously small feet,
and they wear prettily embroidered
slippers, ?it for fairies to trip io. They
are most devout church goers; iar
ahead, in this respect, as the women
with us, of the opposite sex. They
may be seen every morning and even?
ing moving towards the churches, of
which Lima is full, most coquettishly
dressed, in the finest of silk shawls
and the glossiest of satin gowns, fol?
lowed sometimes by a smartly dressed
i negro servant girl, at others by a negro
boy in showy livery, carrying a carpet
1 rug of many colors hanging OD the
arm, as a fine lady in England, wh . :&
righteous as well as rich, may be seen
on a Sunday with Yeilowplush at her
heels, carrying the golden-leaved
prayer-book. If you follow the Lima
nese beauty to church, (and you may
do 60 without fear of offence, for she,
will ogle and coquet with you a9 much
as; you please,) you will see the ser -
vant spread the rug upon the cold
stone pavement and the lady kneel
down or lounge alternately upon it as
the service may require, always giving
you a most inviting look with her
pretty black eyes.
The women are certainly pretty;
their beauty is of a sleepy, voluptu ?
ous' kind, and they are undoubtedly
intriguing and licentious. They have
none of the espi?glerie of the French
beauty; though they have bright eyes,
the general expression of their faces is
heavy and lifeless. The Coiffeur de
Paris, at Lima, who cut my hair and
trimmed my whiskers, "and had a per?
fect bijou of a shop, looking like a
Parisian lady's boudoir, and was as
talkative as a barber need be, was no
believer in the beauties of Lima, but
dwelt with infinite satisfaction upon
the recollection of the petites femmes
de Paris. Ah, exclaimed he, rnptur
ously, as he paused from bis work and
raked in a fit of enthusiasm, his scis?
sors high in the air, 4 Ah, que les gri
setles de Paris sont sublimes/'
The Limanese women are inveterate
smokers. It is no uncommon sight,
however startling the fact may appear
to those vaporish ladies who would
'die of a rose, in aromatic pain,' not to
say anything of the possible effect of
the remote odor of au Havana, it is
no uncommon sight to see a pretty,
delicate-looking Limanese lady, pur?
chasing at the open cig;ir booths vigor?
ous cigars, such as wou'd stagger the
nerves of some of our most robust
male smokers. And they smoke them,
too; the ladies do not go about the
streets smoking, but like knowing
smokers take a quiet puff at home,
while the more common women may
bo constantly seen blow'.ng at enor?
mous cigars as they walk about the
THE CUP OF TEARS.-There wa3
once a mother and a child, and the
mother loved her only child with all
the affection of her whole heart, and
thought she could not live without it;
but the Al mighty sent a great sickness
among child ret, which seized this
little one, who lay on its sick bed,
even unto death. Three day9 and
three night-? the mother watched and
wept, and prayed by tho side of her
Raiding child, but it died. The mother,
now left alone in the wide world,
?ave way to the most violent and un?
speakable grief, she ate nothing and
3rank nothing, and weptTor th ree long
lights without ceasing, calling con
?tautly upon her child. The third
3ight, aa she thus sat overcome with
-idle-ring in the place where her cbiI3.
lad diea-, her eyes bathed in tears and
hint from grief,, the door softly opened,
ind the mother started, for before tier
?toed her departed child. It had be
tome a heavenly angeL and smiled
iweetly as innocence, and was beaut:?
ul liks the blessed. It had in its
land a small cup that was almost run
ring over, so full it was. And tiie
diilJ snoke: "O! dearest mother, weep
io more for nie; the angel in rnourn
ng has,collected in this little cup the
ears which you have shed for me. If
br me you shed but one tear more it
viii overflow, and I shall hive no
nore rest in the grave, no joy in
leaven! Therefore, 0 dearest, mo: ber!
veep no more for your child; for it is
/'-ll and happy, add angel? aro it?
o m panions. It then vanished. .
Tho mother shed no more tear?,
hat she might not disturb her child's
est in the grave, its joy in Heaven,
."or th<j sake of her infant's happiness,
he controlled the anguish of her heart.
>o strong and self-sacrificing is a.
notb'jr's lo?e.-From the German,.