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The Columbia daily phoenix. [volume] (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, June 03, 1865, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027007/1865-06-03/ed-1/seq-2/

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'Torning, J" -
. ir-Its T
." > ... : T ?'? ??> -- ' .'
: to diminish the . *.
>..~fu?mane?! amnng a popple
..'."sen the rrand results of'
human lal < -i? of necessity evil. There
is unhappi . .1 our cruntr}-, a very uni?
versal distaste to labor. Our lnbor is but-1
too much imported from abroad. We loathe
and despise the severer tasks of that in?
dustry which removes mountains :\nd fills
the deserts with fruits and blossom?. Our j
people, afflicted with certain childish vani- I
ties, prefer to fill thc ranks of the profes?
sions with useless recruits, who add no
thing to their dignity or character, and
lessen, by just their own strength, the
number of th- legit imate producers of the
country. This is to multip'y unueiessarv
consumers of thc capital they were in?
tended to produce. Society is very much
like a bee-hive; if the drones are allowed
to remain, even where th?;y do not propa?
gate, the contents of the hive will verv
soon be. exhausted. That society which
dares not grapple heartily with the essen
tint tusks of field and highway, must for?
bear, only with daily loss of its most
wholesome characteristics. With us the
cry seems evermore for money. The want
of motiey is the one wnnt which we every- j
where unite t<> deplore. Th? proper sub?
ject of complaint is want of industry.
Moue}- is one of the most dangerous of all
socbil possessions, lt is a wondrous power,
the very use of which requires a pievious
training of head and heart, which cannot
be too car. ful or too strict. Few people
know properly how to use it, keeping |
moral standards before their eyes. Most
persons not neenstomed toits employment, j
not trained to thc use of power.jbecome
gamblers with wealth, and the fancies and
the appetites take the control of that |
which can bc used with safety only by a i
justly judging morality and a sage expe j
rience. The Americans, a young and con- i
sequently a poor people, were, of all j
others, the least prepared to use it judi- |
ciously. In many respects, at one period
in the history of thc world, the Spaniards j
were thc richest people in the world. But
they were previously among the poorest,
and their riches, after a brief career of
recklessness, pride, lust and other passions,
engendered by this very sudden excess of
health, brought them to soniethinfr. wors*
than their oiiginal condition. The Spa?
niards ar? now not only thc poorest and
feeblest, but the most degraded of all the
powers of Christendom. The present is
H fruit of their immediately previous con?
dition. It was the discovery of Spa-iish
America and its rich possessions to which
their poverty i's due. They wore not pre?
pared to use judiciously their own re?
source0, and squandered wastefully what
thev had unexpectedly acquired, but not ?
till it had taught them wants, habits ano' j
indulgences which they are no bmger able
to ?upply. As the descendants of the j
expelled Moors of Granadastill keep the .
k'-vs ot the ancient homestead, still dream- j
ing to get back; so theSpuniard still waits, |
dreaming that the Piovidence - which I
brought him Mexico and Peru will again j
restore them to his possession. The case
of n nation is not. improperly illustrated
by individual example. Take the instance
of the youthful heir of the old miser-one
whom the sordid passion of the sire has,
while he lived, kept, within the most con?
tracted limits of a base and slavish econo?
my. Let him. whfle still young, be ad?
mitted freely among the hoards of which i
he has only dreamed before, and note with
what pains taking earnestness he dissipates
them- It is his boast, indeed, thu' he does
so, even ns expensive frivolities and mere?
tricious lifo are become a boast'with us.
"It's gone at last!" was the only half
desponding exclamation of one of these
profligates a few years ago, as he acknow?
ledged his ruin; but, suddenly looking up,
with a sort of exultation in his manner, as
if there had been 6ome degree of merit in |
the very recklessness of his waste: "But I
maybel didn't hum it while it lasted."
Was there ever a moie?perfect boy? That
his top hummed while it was going, was a
great consolation for its loss. A whole
people become thus profligate at seasons,
sharing the vices of the individual, for
such excesses a. o epidemical. The South
orners have presented for a nu nber of
vcari tho mcla-icholy spectacle of a people
humming it, j - hke th" silly boy; with
th i,u g v
of posi
S SBgg?BSEB?a-?wrimraa
! ti:? simple difference that their humming
ii no eera .-ulject of congratulatory
.u:cklc\ T'or Rome ten years longer, wc
!.. ove.rLent enough to forbear to
? ? * ?Isifre ore periodical returns
*.-.. ? ' st -li ma'"-ii"-, and a return of
: r>"?'<pcriiy for a longer period
. unless we learn to respect
mo: 'i -.1 industry more, will be sure
to hring us LO our sack cloth a^ain. Seri?
ously, our levity of character is a great
evil n: our constitution. It can ?carcely
lerwise until we honor labor more,
nethodizes all the faculties, and makes
nil the securities of virtue as well as for?
tune. Mere sleight of hand will not an?
swer. We must go back lo the deserted
Melds, making our own coru and cabbages,
and galheiing in the harvest with our own
The loss of youth is one of the most
touching of all subjects in,the thought o?
bira who has past the meridian. There ia
an impressive anecdote given by thc histo?
rian of one of the monarchs of France
th? Superb Louis, perhaps, but we really
forget which-who was heard to say, whiU
gusting upon the beauties of bis palace
and ground?: "And I must ?cave all these!"
Could anything be moro mournful? Uh
thoughts and feelings had prepared hin
fur no better world. There were no equi
valen ts for what he lost! Here is a pass
age on a like topic, which we have para
phrased from the "Faust" of Goethe:
"Ohl give me back the days when I, my
self, f
Waa growing still; when, ever freshb
Life was a fountain of perpetual music.
That know not break or d.scord; wheu th
Was veiled in sacred mists-iu mists mad
By the endowing fancy; when thc bud?
Still bore miraculous sweetness; when
From every sterile dale a wealth of flow
Which never glad me now! How rich nv
When I h id nothing-and how ample all
Tin; nothing I possessed. Oh! gi ve me bac
The instinctive passion for thc hiddc
The joy that brought delusion, yet denie
That 1 .-houid doubt its treasure. Give m
bu ek &
AfJ those wi itnp?lscs-those matchlei
t passions.
N'5w swollen with fullest energy of Ilaire?
Now with il >ry and the might of luv.
Oh! give me . ck 'my youth.-'
The New York papers are filled wit
counts of the review of Sherman
troops in Washington by the President an
.. ?.billet. The display was continued sev?
rai days, and il is stated that over 2O0,0(
troops were in line. The Herald thin]
that neither Napoleon or Wellington ev.
saw so many veterans in one army at
time. Thc city was crowded with strange
from all parts of the Union.
To be infirm of purpose, is to be evil
purpose. A strong will, if not absolute
virtue itself, is yet absolutely necessary
nil thc virtues. He who does not resol*
well, will perform ill. Weakness of resol'
is mostly wickedness. Indecision of ch
meter is laxity of principle. It leaves tl
mind at the mercy of the passion; ar
impulse, which is seldom found associ?t'
with a rigid will, is unite as (instead v
principle ns in performance. Such a eli
racter works precipitately and rashly, wi
the purpose of concealing the delicien
of which ... is Mmself conscious. He th
frequently precipitates himself in actio
Winch he dare not subject to argttmei
Ha may tremble nt the danger which i
pends, but. he dreads still more lest, y
should suspect thc true nature of his fea
Tn addition to thc gold snuff book mc
tinned as having been presented by t
Free Masons of this State to brother Alb
G. Mackey, of Charleston, S. C., on Sat
day night, he was also presented with
handsome volume, illustrative of the pr
eiples of masonry, and a check for SI,5'
It is understood that a much larger s
bas been subscribed hythe brethren,
mark their appreciation of Mr. Macke
lovalty as a mau and fidelitv as a mas
[NCIB York Herald
A Frenchman was tried in Richmond
other dsy by a drum-head court mart
for striking a woman in one of the n;
k -t ? with a cane. He was convicted, i
in i Jnishment was paraded through
streets to thc tune of the "Rogue's Alare
with a placard, labelled, "This(orstrik
a woman." The populace enjoyed
nfl'air more than the Frenchman.
Expresa says a fund is being raised in ]
timore for presentation to Gen. Lee; ?
Oof) hus been airca ly secured, with
promise of ?60,000 additional.
At a recent Sabbath r >! celebra'
in Brooklyn, it is eilim cd that '20,
children participated.
Proclamation by the President.
Whereas, by the proclnmalioc of the
President, of the. 11th day cf A pr i i hist,
certain ports of tho United States therein
"pccificd, "which liad previously been sub?
ject to blockade, were, for objects <>f pub?
lic safety, declared, in conformity with
previous special legislation of Congress, to
he closed against foreign commerce during
the national will, to be thereafter ex?
pressed and made known by thc President;
And wherens events and circumstances
j have aince occurred which, iu my judg?
ment, render it expedient to remove that
restriction, exc?*pt a3 to the ports of Gal?
veston, La Salle. Brazos de Santiago, Point
Isabel and Erownsville. in the Sliite. of
Now. therefore, be it known, that I.
Andrew .lohnsrm. President of the United
States, do hereby declare that thc ports
aforesaid, not excepted os ab?ve, shall be
open to/oreign commerce from the first
! dav of July next; that commercial inter
! course willi the said ports may from that
; time Le carried on subject to the laws cf
the United Slates, and in pursuance of
such rtgulations ns may bc prescribed by
the Secretary of the Treasury. If, how
! ever, any vessel from a fjreign port shall
enter any of the before named excepted
ports in the Slate of Texas, she will con?
tinue to be held liable to the penalties
prescribed by the Act of Congress, ap?
proved on the IStli day of July. 1SG1,
and the persons on board of her to
such penalties as may he incurred pursu?
ant to the laws of war for trading or at?
tempting to trade with an enemy.
Arni I, Andrew Juhnson, President of
tin' United States of America, do hereby
declare and make known that the United
States of America do henceforth disavow
to all persons trading or attempting to
trade in any of the United States in vio
tatton of the laws thereof, ?ill pretence of
belligerent right and privilege?; "find I
give notice, from the date of this procla?
mation, all snell offenders wdlbe held and
dealt with as pirates.
lt is also ordered that nil restrictions
upon trade heretofore imposed in the ter?
ritory of tfte United States East of the
Mississippi River, favo those relating to
contraband of war. to the reservation of
the rights ol' the United Stater1, to property
purchased in the territory of an enemy,
ami to thc twenty-five percent, upon pur?
chases of cotton, are removed. All provi?
sions of the internal revenue lav/ will bc
carried into effect un<3er the proper officer.
lu fitness whereof, I have hereunto sit
my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to h?, affixed.
Done at the city of Washington thirtwen
ty-second day of May, in the year of
our Lord . .<-.o thonsnnd eight hundred
and sixiv ?ive. ami of the independence !
of the United States of America, the <
Ry the President:
W. Hu:: ri:rt. Acting Secretary of State. |
Land is in demand in London, and has
been sold at the high ??rice of ono million
dollars per acre.
?...The new sew--rr.ge system OJ London is
going to cost four millions r-terjinu.
Funeral Invitation.
The friends and acquaintances of tho
Drs. Gibbes and their families, arc invited
to attend the funeral of ROBERT WIL?
SON, the youngest child of Dr. R. W.
lid.bes, Jr., at Trinity Church, THIS AF
TERNOON, at. -t oVioek.
"\^7 ?e .c"'1* frf,ni m.Y wagon, corner
I ? of Boundary and Richardson streets,
june .>_ 1
IWILL sell, nt Mr. Troy's store, on {
Camden street, n stnoll quantity of
j ?n?a r>_.
Borrowed without Leave,
ABLACK TAN HOG. named Jack. He
was seen on Wednesday bastin posses?
sion of a red-headed man currying him out
of town. The captor or raider is supposed
to be known. Bring him back or at least
turn him loose. t A. G. BASKIN.
June ti 1*
For Blackst.ocks.
?S?g!g?^?tor Blackstocka can bo had
on TUESDAY or WEDNESDAY next, on
application to DURBEC ? WALTER.
June 1 8*
Wagon for Orangeburg.
v. THE un.lersimied will run an
VfoyjfJftS Ex press Wagon to Orangeburg
on MONDAY MORNING next, ? th in9t.;
leaving Columbia at half past fi o'clock,
and connecting with the train for Charles?
ton on Tuesday.
Four stats, with twenty-five pounds of
bacgage each, can be secured (when paid
for) on application to DUTSON LEE.
Fare $7.o0 in. .specie, itt advance.
June T.. 1*
MISS M. MclCLRO.NE respectfully in?
forms tho bluies of Columbia that
.ate is prepared to execute all orders in the
fly- d, made and pressed to order. Resi?
dence corner of Lumber ?nd Marion
street?. June Z ?*
Local Items.
The"?ffive of the Columbia f'hcenix is
on Gates street, second door from Plain.
General G i ll mo re ai rived iu Charleston
yesterday morning. It is believed that he
will pay Columbia a visit;
If any of our readers are desirous of
renewing their acquaintance with old
friends-Messrs. Codfish. Mackerel, Her?
ring and Cheese-they havc'only to glance
over the advei fisernents in the Phoenix for
the past few days, to find faeir where?
abouts. *
?g?sT PKBSONAL.-All subscribers lo the
Phoenix whoso subscriptions have ex?
pired, will please come forward and
renew, in specie or provision.-; otherwise
their papers will be stopped.
Cgf" We wish it distinctly understood
that our terms are cash. No advertise?
ments will, therefore, bc inserted uuless
paid for iu advance.
We present the following schedule of
rates, in tho case of the mest obvious com?
modities. F'jr one month's subscription
to the Phctnix, we Xviii receive either of
the following, vis:
1 bushel corn. 1 J- bush, peas or potatoes
5 pounds butter. 20 ?bs. flour.
1' '. lard. .4 lhs. candles.
7 " bacon, i? qts. rice.
8 dozen eggs. 4 head of chickens.
Wood, vegetables and provisions gene?
rally received at fair market rates ap?
proaching the specie standards.
Something cf the Placa of Davis'
Fortress Monroe, within whoi'o sturdy
waits Jeff. Davis is now studiously guard?
ed bv United States soldiers, is situated on
the extreme end of thc peninsula formed
by the dames and York Rivers, and is the
lower extremity of the st-r-ti-ni of country
whereon McClellan fought, his campaign
of lS?'2. By reason of Hampton Creek
being on the one side an.l tho Chesapeake
Bav on thc oilier, a promontory witlNn a
promontory is formed. It is nearly insu?
lated hy Hampton, leaving a narrow strip
of land on the side nearest to Chesapeake
Bay. which connects it with the main
To escape from Fortress Monroe, if it is
earnc3tly desired to k.-ep one there, is
simply a pure impossibility, io its East?
ward i^ the wh.de width of Chesapeake |
Bay nt. its junction with the Atlantic
Ocean, a distance of pei hap", more than
twenty miles intervening between it and
Cape Crd. To tie- Sont .. it is separated
from tile nearest, pohit. ot lund by the
Hampton Roads. To t' . Westward is
Hampion Creek, broadening as its comes j
Southward into an ampie hay separating
the fortress; from the nearest, point of laud
to thc West and Northward, except on t;i- :
North, where is the strip of beach previ?
ously referred t<>.
The foi t itself ir, a regular nolyeon, aid
is surrounded by a wet ditch thirty yards
wide. It is the most extensive ami .mass?
ive of the permanent fortifications of th?
United Stitej, its enormous area ?eing
fuilv* capable of holding several Fort
Suinters. It has a water battery towards
the sea, which is of itself a formidable
The immediate placo of confinement of
Jeff. Davis ? iii be in the casemates, seve?
ral of which have been thoroughly pie
pared tor this purpose within the past, few
da\?. These casemates are rock ribbed
and arched mansions within the fort,
each we.l niich conatitntin : a fort within
itself. Within a few days, they have been
made doubly secure; t he em!.rasures look
mg lo tito wet ditch, ar well ns the win
dows looking to the interior of the work,
having been mos? heavily barred with
iron, in the form of gratings.
Ou the arches of these casemates are
mounted 15 inch Rodman guns. As an
evidence of the capability of these case?
mates and arches to withstand resistance,
it. may Oe stated that the}' are fully com?
petent to sustain the shock of the explo?
sions of thc monsters o! modern warfare.
The only connections from the fort with
the mainland aro by the main sallyport
and a small postern in one of the bastions;
the wit ditch being spnnned at each of
these points by a drawbridge, which can
be raised at pleasure, thus cutting off all
The other State prisoneiv>nccompnnving
Davis will be provided for in a manner
similar to himself. At all events, they
will be secure against esenpo. A pleasant
?Assurance for the country to have.
[Ann i'or?- Fit ru/J.
CAKES, <fec., &<\
And for sale CHEAP, at residence for
nerly occupied by R. Davis; Henderson
itreet, by A. S. TR UM BO.
June 3 o
Variety Sale.
By Durbec & Walter.
WILL bc sold THIS DAY. June ?, nt our
oflice, at 10 o'clock.
The following articles: Butter. Carpet,
Chairs, Tin Boiler?, Pans, Dippers. Dishes,
Plate?, Tumblers, Wine Glasses, Decant* rs,
Books. Luttons, P?per, Tools, Phosphorus.
?fcc. Unlimited articles received up to
hour of sale. June 3 I**
Headq'rs Uuiterl States Forces,
MAY 27, ?365.
ALL citizens having in their possession
anv property that rightfully belongs
to thc United States Government, accord?
ing to the terms of surrender of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Stier
nmn, U. S. A-, will immediately report tho
Bann: to these headquarters.
Pe?6?nn having mailes, horses and WA
gonr>, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for the purpose of carry?
ing on their work. Any person failing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only be deprived of any
farther us? of Paid property, but will also
I 3ul.jtct themselves to punishment by radi
I tary authority. By command of
Lieut. Col 25th O'. V. V..
Com Mg C iiv of Columbia, S C.
i W. J. K Vi c.'Lieut. 2?th O. V. V. I. and
I Post, adjutant. may
Hea&q'rs United States Forces,
MAY 27. 1SG...
J.N order to prevent any disturbance which
1 may arise {non tin? improper use of in?
toxicating liquois, it if li Ireby ordered
that, for thc present, nc intoxicating It
qu >rs will be sold or given away to anv
citizen or soldier, unless permission is
granted from these headquarters. Any
one found guilty of disobeying tb;-1 ord-r,
will not only have his goods confiscated,
but will be subject to punishment by mili?
tary law. By command of
Lieut. Col. N. H AU HUTON,
Commanding P .si.
W. J. KYLE. Li? ut. ?l?tli u. V. V. 1. and
Post. Adjutant. may
Headquarters, Northern District.
CHARLESTON-, S. C., April 2."), ?b-J?.
Circular lo Clutters, ric.
T^TUMEROUS applications have been
niade to ino for infotmatson as to the
policv lo be adopted un thc subject of
All can understand the important- ot
making a crop the present season, and
foresee the misery and suifei ing consequent
upon ils ia i tu ie.
In the present unsettled flat'- of the
country, and in the absem-e o? ?nv r>eou?
nixed State authorities. I fin?! it ur, duly
lo assume Control of the plant?t' rr rn-ur
the military lines, and order .??> follows:
1st. The planters, aller taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble trie freedmen
(lately their slaves) mid inform them thar,
they are free, and that henceforth they
must depend upon their ow ri exertions lor
their support.
2d. Equitable contract 3 in writ ing will
be made hy the owners of the land with
the freedmen for the cultivation of the
land during the present Year.
Payment will be rna-e in kind, and the
allowance of ?-ne half the crop is recom?
mended n*i fair compensation for the labor.
:he landlord furnishing subsidence ULtil
the crop in gathered.
These contracts will be mbmitted to tho
nearest m?itarv or naval commander for
approval and endorsement.
Wlien the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will bc granted as
far i.s military necessity will allow; hut
where no com rac; is made, the crop raise 1
will he considered forfeited for the use of
the laborer*. Should the owners refuse to
cultivate it. they will be considered as en?
deavoring io emb.i. rass the Government,
and the land will be Used for colonies of
tile freedmen from the interior.
June 1 Er'g- ^'<>" Commanding.
Headq'rs United States Forces, 1
MAY ?7. IIMI?.
INFORMATION having been received af.
th esa headquarters of the existence of
armed bandi of marauders infesting tho
country and committing depredations on
the properly of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ordered that all persons composing
such will !>e considered and treated as
outlaws, and if caught, will receive the
severest, punishment ?'t military law.
The United Stales Government is desir?
ous of protecting all peaceful and law
abiding citizens, and they will confer a
favor on these headquarters, and ?ki justice
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have in their possession respect?
ing the names und movements of stn-h
bands, and, if possible, aiding in their
The time lian arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all in his power to
assist the military force? of the United
Slates to restore peace and harmony
throughout, the land. By order of
^Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON.
25th O. V. V. I., Coinda V. S. Force?.
City of Columbia.
W. J. KYLE. 2d Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I
ar.d Post Adjutant ci m

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