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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43. THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX, PUUL1SHED DAILY, EXCEPT SUN PAY, BY JULIAN A. SELBY. TERMS-IN A D VANCE. SUBSCRIPTION. Six months, - - - $5 One month, - - - 1 ADVERTISING. One square, (ten lines,) one time, 60 cts Subsequent insertions. - 35 eta Special notices ten cents per line. The Callers. Softly 'mid the world's confusion Comes a knocking at the door Of the heart. O, strange delusion, That doth make H3 evermore Bid it depart! There sweet charity is standing With her pleading, earnest eyes, With her feet upon the landing; Oft to enter in she tries, But all in vain. There meek prayer is ever waiting. Seeing grief and pain go in; Why should she be hesitating. When such evil guests within Have borne their woe? FAith comes itng'ring round the portal. Pointing through earth's misty veil; . But we cling to what is mortal. And reject her wondrous tale Forevermore. .Love divine necks oft to enter. But a love has passed befon Where our best affections centre. And we turn forth from the door Our holy guest! .'Softly 'mid the world's confusion Cornea a knocking at the door Of the heart. O, strange delusion, Thnt'dwth make us evermore, Bid it depart! \ HOUSES OF THE ENGLISH IN INDIA. J -A letter from Bombay has the fol lowing concerning the houses of the English there: We have no bells, no door locks, no carpets, curtains, chim? ney pieces, fire-places, no passages or stairs, no house door, no servants' hall --though about twenty servants-no gas, no house maids, laundry-maids, dairy-maid, etc., etc. I could give you a still longer list of etceteras; but, lest you should think your eurrespondent has lapsed into savage life, I must pro? ceed to explain how all these are made up for. Instead of hells, we u^e our own g md voices; and there are so many servants that one is sure to turn up as wo call out Roy! a well known?sound to Indian houses. Roy corresponds to the French garcon, and is very pro? bably answered by a boy of three score and ten. Intead of door-locks, there are bolts, and sometimes only hooks and eyes. As the doors do not abut very close with these, it- is convenient for letting '-ut tho musk? rats, as I found Inst night in my room. Our feet are too hot already, without carpets; mats do much better. Every? thing hung on the walis is a refuge for mosquitoes, so curtains aro .superfluous, except, of course, mosquito curtains, without which we should be eaten up bodily. It would be dreadful to think of a blazing hearth or a warm fire-sido here; so grates, chimneys, chimney- pieces, and fire screens are unknown in Bombay. Just look at the plan of the house, and you eau see how we do without a house-door, remembering that a veranda runs before the house, and there is always a man 6ttting in it doing nothing, whose duty it is to announce visitors. Instead of pass? ages, the rooms all open into each other and into the veranda. This, like many other good house here, has no second floor, so there are no stairs. As for house-maids, and all sorts o? maids, their work is done by various sorts of men; it is very well done, teo, and not like John, who succeeded so ill in milking Tiny, in the old song. A servant's hall for the servant's meals there cannot be, where no two of the servants will mess together; they are of all casts, and live apart, some having their wives on the premises. Never show levity when people are tagr?cd in worrhip. What Gan be Done for the South. All the powerful reasons for fighting through the late expensive war to keep the South in the Union, are equally strong reasons for making the South prosperous now that we have succeed? ed. The grand reason of the West for fighting was commonly condensed into a single sentence, viz; that the West would never relinquish its right to the Mississippi. The Mississippi is va'uahle only as affording a cheap and commodious route to a market. What market? Not mainly tho West Indies; for the consumption of Western pro? ducts is comparatively small io those islands. Not Europe, most certainly; for the route is too circuitous. The best market the West ever had is the South itself. The products of the West are too heavy and bulky in proportion to their value for distant exportation. The natural circuit of American trade is to convert the grain and pork of the West into cotton, tobacco, and other Southern staples, by feeding the popu? lation which grows these staples, and then exporting the fruits of Western agriculture in this less bulky form, which not only save* great expense of freight, but insures the certainty of a market. Whether grain will be in demand ia Europe depends upon the European harvests. But American cotton will always be in demand; and Western products are sure of a market as long as they are u.-ed to feed colton growers. The mr?st important and urgent interest of the West is that the South shali be relieved o? its embarrassments at tho earliest day possible. What the We?t above all things needs is a market. The market which, for four years, it lost in th? South, has been temporarily supplied by the war. The West had fed our vast armies, and the multitudes employed in the manu? facture of anny supplies. But this market is about to disappear. West? ern agriculture will [sink into a low and feeble condition unless it gets back the Southern market; of which there is no possibility except by the revival ot" Southern industry. Tlie great difficulty in the South^Js the condition of utter impoverishrfwrit into which that sect iou has been brought by the war. The pecuniary prostration of the South is so absolute that its industry cannot be set agoing without a great influx of capital from the Northern States. All the money of the wdiole section has been annihi? lated. The property w hich has been destroyed by the ravages of armies, and come into dilapidation by iiie absence and neglect of owners, cannot be restored wiihont money to buv materials and to pay wa^es. The country has been diained of animals, both horses and cattle, till not enough are left to draw the plow. Nobody will setid animals there to be sold un? less 'money is supplied, from some quarter, to purchase them. The North has motley in abundance and can easily supply this want, but in the present condition of things the South can give no security. There has ceased to be in the South any basis for such security except its real estate. Lend raouey to a planter and there is nc longer a lien upon'his slaves; they have all become freemen. Money cannol be borrowed u?>on Southern baDk stock or railroad stock; bank and rail roads are alike ruined. Northern capitalists will not take the Southern railroads, repleuish their rolling stock and put them in running order, be cause, for aught they know, whai remain? of the property will be con fiscated to the Government. All rea estate in the South is in precisely th< same predicament. Who will lene money on a mortgage, when by ai unreptaled law of Congress, whicl awaits only execution, the property mortgage does not belong to th? reputed owner? And why should ? fanner or planter, even if he could com mand the means, replace his fence? ' buildings, implements, and animals when it is certain that a single year's crop would not refund the outlay, and uncertain whether before that crop is gathered, he may not be ousted from possession. While things continue in this state, Southern industry eanuot revive. The West lose3 ita best market; the East loses a proGtable field for the invest? ment of capital; the Government loses the revenue which might be collected from a prosperous community. When tho South te impoverished and the West unprosperous, how is employ? ment to be found for the hundreds of thousands of rae;i thrown loose by the cessation of the war? Before we can employ the surplus laborers we shall pre?eutly have on our hands, we must see a prospect of markets. No sound business man wil manufacture for the Southern market unt il he sees a chance that the South will be able to pay for goods; nor manufacture largely for the West till he sees a possibility of the West finding a market tor its pork and grain. The chief thing to be done now, at this present time, is for the Government^to render it possible for capital to flow into the Sonth to revive its industry. That is to say, the pro? perty that is left iu the South must be put in such a condition, as regards ownership, that it will be an available security for the loan. [Kew York World. Praise your Wife. Praise your wife, man-for pity's sake give her a little encouragement; it won't hurt her. She bas made your home comfortable, your hearth bright and shining, your food agreeable; for pity's sake tell her you thank her, if nothing more. She don't expect ii; it will make her eyes open wider than they have for these ten year?; but it will do her good for ali that, and you, too. There are matty women to-day thirsting for tho word of praise, the language of encouragement. Through summer's heat and winter's toil they have drudged uncomplainingly, and so accustomed have their fathers, brothers and husbands become to their monoto? nous labors, that they look for and upon them as they do to the daily rising of the sun and ifs daily going down. Homely every day life may be made beautiful by an appreciation ol its very homeliness. You know that if you can take from your drawer a clean shirt whenever you want it, somebody's fingers have ached io the toil of making it so fresh and agree? able, so smooth and lustrous. Every? thing that pleases the eye and sense, has been produced by constant work, much thought, great caro, and untiring efforts, bodily sad mentally. It is not that mauy men do not ap? preciate things and feel a glow ol gratitude for the numberless attentions bestowed upon them in sickness and health, but they are so selfish in that feeling. They don't come out with a hearty, 'Why how plensaut you make things look, wife!' or, 'I am obliged to you fur taking so much pains.' They thank the tailor for giving them 'fits;' they thank the man iu the full omnibus who gives them a seat; they thank the lad}' who moves along in thc concert room; they thank every? body and everything out of doors, because it is the custom; aud come home, tip their chairs back aud their heels up, pull out tho newspaper, grumble if wife asks them to take the baby, scold if the fire has got down; or, if everything is just right, shut their mouths with a smack ot satisfac? tion, but never say to her, 'I thank you.' I tell you what, men,young and old, if you did but show an ordinary ci? vility toward these common articles ot house-keepiDg, your wives; if you gave the one hundred and ? sixtietl part of the compliments you almost choked them with before they were married; if you wculd stop the badi O.tge about wliciu you ave goiu? tc have when number one is dead, (such things wives may laugh at, bot they sink deep sometimes;) if you would cease to speak of their faults, however banteringly, before others, fewer wo? men would 6eek for other sources ?f happiness than your cold so-so ish affection. Praise your wife, then, for all the good qualities she has, and you may rest assured that her deficiencies are fully counterbalanced by your own. [Exchange. Medical Card. DR. A. N. TALLEY may be found, by such as desire his professional aid, at the residence of the Rev. N-. Tallev, corner of Gervais and Pickens streets, june 5 3* Removal. THE undersigned begs to inform his friends and customers that he has RE? MOVED his Boot and Shoe Making Estab liahment to the house on the South side of | Camden street, three doers from Assembly. junes 3_GEO HG E SJV1LTH. From Charleston. DR P. MELVIN COHEN has returned from the city with, a choice assort? ment of DRUGS, MEDICINES, COMBS, BRUSHES, ?c., <fec, and has made, ar? rangements to receive regular weekly sup? plies of imported goods. Office PICKENS STREET. June 5 2* Head of Ladv street. TRO CE RI ES!! ! FROM Oliarleston. A CHOICE and W ELL SELECT KSlED STOCK OF GOODS, which I llj^arn prepared to offer AT RETAIL for a SMALL ADVANCE, and can giv~ a FAIR MARU IN to dealers in the city and counUy. My stock consists in part of : Boxes SMOKED HERRINGS. ?. COLGATE'S WASHING SOAP. TOILET SOAP. Bbls. BROWN SUGAR. Chest YOUNG HYSON TEA. " BLACK TEA. Kite MACKEREL. Cases PICKLES, quarts and pints. Boxes CANDY, assorted. Frails FRESH DATES. Boxet TURKEY FIGS. .? RAISINS. " FRES h LEMONS, " SOFT SHELL ALMONDS. " BUTl'ER CRACKERS. .? OYSTER ?' GINGER CAKES. ?. LEMON .? DAIRY CHEESE. " SARDINES. .: CHOCOLATE. " CONDENSED MILK. Dozs. NORTHERN BROOMS. Boxes Colgate's PEARL STARCH. " BLACK INK, in stands. ? YEAST POWDERS-Durkee's. ? Brqwn's Es. JAMAICA GINGER Cases SPARKLING SCOTCH ALE. Boxes HAVANA S EG A RS. " MASON'S BLACKING. Dozs. SHOE BRUSHES. Boxes FINE CHEWING TOBACCO. ? SMOKING TOBACCO. " Fine Cut Chewing-TOBACCO. SPERM CANDLES. BACON, BUTTER, LARD. FLOUR. MOLASSES. CARBONATE SODA. BLACK PEPPER. COFFEE, RICE. SALT. MANILLA ROPE, PINDEP.S. COTTON CARDS, MATCHES. GUM CAMPHOR. GUM OFIUM. CHLOROFORM, CALOMEL. POTASH and BLLE MASS. ALSO, A small stock of HARDWARE and ST vTIONERY. Give me a call, and jud?e for yourselves. HARDY SOLOMON, In basement ol' Mr. L. Levy'a house. Comer of Assembly and Plain streets. June & 6 MISS M. McELRONE respectfully in? forms the ladies of Columbia that she is prepared to execute all orders in the MILLINERY line. Also, STRAW HATS dyed, made and pressed to order. Resi? dence corner of Lumber and Marion streets. June 2 3* PAPER' PAPER! FOR 6ale, a small quantity of No. I WRITING PAPER. Also, some ex? cellent COPYING PAPER, Inquire at it;.e otEce. may 80 Headers United States Forces, CITY OF COLUMBIA, 3. C., MAY 27, 1865. GENERAL ORDERS NO 4. IN order to present any disturbance Which may arise from the improper use of in? toxicating liquors, it ia hereby ordered that, for the present, no intoxicating li? quors -will be sold or given a-way to any citizen or soldier, unless permission is granted from these headquarters. Any one found guilty of disobeying this order, will not only have his goods confiscated, but will be subject to punishment by mili? tary law. By command of Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON, ComrSanrling Post. W. J. KYLE,lieut. 25th O. V. V. 1. aud post Adjutaut. may 29 Headq'rs United States Forces, CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C., MAY 27, 1865. GENERAL ORDERS NO. S. 4 LL citizens having in their possession -i.V. any property that rightfully belongs to the United States Government, accord? ing to the terms of surrender of Gen. Jos. E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher? man, U.S. A., will immediately report the same to these headquarters. Persons having mules, horses and wa? gons, will, for the present, bo permitted to retain the same for the purposrfi of carry? ing on their work. Any person failing to e comply with thia order within a reasona? ble time, will not only be deprived of any farther U6<2 of said property, but will also subject themselves u> punishment by mili? tary authoritv. By command of N. HAUGHTON, Lieut. Col. 25th O. Y. V., Com'dg City of Columbia. S C. W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and Post Adjutaut. may 29 Headq'rs United States Forces, CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C., MAY 27. 1S65. GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2. INFORMATION having been received at these- headquarters of tho cji?tence of armed bands Sf marauders infesting the j rountfy and co'mraitt.ing dept elanora on j the properly of peaceful Citizens, it ia hereby ordered that all persons, composing such will be considered ar.d treated HA outlaws, and if caught, will receive the severest punishmeut ot military law. Thc United States Government ie desir? ous of protecting all peaceful and law abiding c:tir;cr:c, o.r.d they will confer a k favor on these headquarters, aDil do justice to themselves, by giving any information they nray have iii their possession respect? ing the names and movements of such bands, and, if possible, aiding iu their capture. The time has arrived when -it behooves every citizen to do all in bia power to assist the military forces of tile United States to . restore peace and harmony throughout tho land. By order of Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON. 25th 0. V. V. I., Com'dg U. S. Torces, City of Columbia. W. J. KYLE, 2d Lieut 25th 0. V. V. I. and Po.si Adjutant. nifty '?9 Headquarters, Northern District, DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH, CHARLESTON, S. C., April 25, 18?6. Circular ta Planters, ?tc. NUMEROUS applications have been made to mc for information aa to the policy to be adopted on the subject of labor. All can understand the impc-TUnce of making a crop the present season, and foresee the misery and suffering consequent upon its iailuie. A In the present unsettled ste.te of the country, and in the absence of any recog? nized State authorities, I find it ny dutj* to asiuime control of the plantations near the military lines, and order as follows: 1st. The \ lanters, after taking the oath of allegiance, will assemble the Freedmen (lately their dave?; and inform them diat they are free, und that henceforth they must depend .?pun their o wu,, exertions for their support 2d. Equitable contracts in writing will be made by the owners of the lend with the freedmen for the cultivation cf the land during the present year. Payment will be tna>.e ia kind, and the allow ince of one half the crop i* recom? mended as fair compensation for th.a labor, the landlord furnishing submateuee unit the crop is gathered! These contra?is will submitted to the nearest military or navel commander for approval and endorsement. When the above requirements ara com? plied with, protection will be granted aa far as military necessity will atlr-w; but where no contract is made, the crop ruisad will be cou6idered forfeited tor the ute of the laborers. Should the owners refuse to cultivate it, they will be considered a? en? deavoring to embarrass the Government, aud thc laud wiil be used ter eolcsiea of the freedmen from the in erior. JOHN P. H ATC fi, June 1 Br;?. Gfc Comciaziisg.