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Thursday Morning, June 8, 1865.
The Ztflisdn of the Cay. Four years ago, we were, in many ways, a great peoplr, but in nothing greater than the way we boasted of our greatness. The Frenchman is showy, the Spaniard is haughty, the German is prolix, but no Gascon was ever half eo vain, no Castilian half so proud, no Teuton half eo tiresome, ns the plaiu dealing, quick speaking eon of the Great Republic, when (fee Great Re? public was his theme. It was Goshen-* land flowing with milk and honey-and we were the saints to whom the Lord had given >t for an inheritance. It was the Canaan of a new dispensation, and we were Ute blissful dwellers on its happy shores. Our country was the best coun? try, our Government the best Government, our people the best people, thu world ever saw. Europe was effete and the European a hide-bound flunkey, but Amer ca was ?lei cu ?es in bis cindi end the American J. ve upon bis throne So extreme was this national vanity (says t hc Augusta Constitutionalist) that it hed aimost sublimated us out of humanity, in Great Expectations, I'umblechook and Gie undertaker speak of death ns though they were themselves creatures noiorioualy immortal, and in some such far-off way -tl i vi we regard the national calamities of others. Civil war we had read of, but so liad we read of the pingue of thc Levant and the typhoons of the China' Sea, nud we hud as little thought ot ever suffering from the one as the other. From false doctrine and schism-from all heresy, privy conspiracy aud rebellion-it was our daily prayer to be delivered; bul the prayer was like the speech of the parrot we knew nob what it meant, and uttered it only becauee we had been taught 60 to do. But now We know it, and when to da3? that grayer is altered, it will conic from many a heart that never felt its sig? nificance before. No man now need define for us civil war. We have defined it for ourselves, and the lesson that taught us the definition is the lesson of the day. lt has been a sharp one, and will not, we think, be easily forgotten. It will shock us back into commonsense, and teach us what this .country. North and South, has long needed to know-that it possesses no exemption from the infirmities of national existence; that if wrong be done, evil will follow, and that to live and to let live, to bear and to forbear, to remember mercy in judg? ment, and to render Cres ar his own, is the whole civil duty of man-to be governor or governed. Self Knowledge. Making due allowance for the occa? sional fortunate chance, and ve may always assume that success is due wholly to the fact that the individual has pro? perly learned the lesson, '"Know thyself." Of course, we mu*t first, in order to de? termine the degree of success, ascertain what the individual has aimed nt. The higher wisdom seldom looks for its suc? cesses along the highway-, and grows rich in a condition which the world may de? spise for its seeming poverty. One's wealth may consist in the profitable use of his talent, though it never in any way adds to the number of bis talents. SOLTIIECN CRors.-It is stated that, hi Alabama, there are immense fields of growing corn, with herc and there a wheat field ready almost for the sickle; promise of an abundant yield. In Georjia, much corn has been planted, although not look? ing so well a? in Alabama. Enough will be made, it is thought, to supply the peo? ple with bread, if the negro laborers can be retained. Cotton is almost a thing of the past; but very little planted Maj. Gen. Wilson has appointed Mr. J. R. Griffiu to take charge of Government property at Andorsonville, Ga., with in structions that the extensive prison stock? ade and grave-yard be enclosed with a fence, and that a hook, containing a list ol names, wilji descriptions, be kept for the relatives and friends-there being ovei 14,000 Federal dead at this noted place, representatives from every Slate ol the Union, North. COTTON AND GOLI>.-The Herald's cones pondent says that the United S ti tes nth ?.. <ls fonnd'in Augusta about. 100,000 bide? of cotton, ten million dollars worth ot ordu; .te, and other ?rebel stores, and forty-five thousand dollars worth of bul liou. A part of Jeff. Davis' specie train was captured, and one hundred and eighty five Iho^tacd dellars in froid secured President Johnson's Amnesty Pro? clamation. The Chattanooga Gazette., of May 30. contains the following important tele graphie report, containing thc President's amnesty proclamation: THE OATH. ? I do solemnly swear or affirm, in the presence of Almighty God, llint I will henceforth faithfully defend the Constitu lion of the United States and union of thc Statep, and will abide and faithfully sup? port all laws and proclamations which have be? n made during the existing rebel? lion with reference lo the emancipation of slaves. So help me God. PERSONS rxcF.rTEr?. All who have been civil, diplomatic or otherwise, domestic or foreign agenta of tin- protended Confederate States. All who left, judicial stations under the United Slates to aid the rebellion. ' All military and naval oftieers'above the rank of colonel in the army and lieu-( tenant in the navy. All who left seats in the Congress of the Uriii.ed States. All who resigned or tendered the resig? nation of their commissions ?D the army and navy of the United Slates. All engaged any way in treating other? wise thu ii lawfully a?" prisoners of war persons forced (lound) in the United States service. All military and naval officers who were educated by I lie United Stales. All the pretended governors in insurrec lionary States. All who left their hoir.ep within the Federal lines and passed into the rebel lines lo aid the rebellion. All who have engaged in the destruction of commerce on ibe high seas, nod all who have made (aids from Canada or engaged in destroying commerce on land and rivers. All who at the time when they seek to obtain benefit hereof by taking the oath and remain in military, naval or civil con finement, or under bond of military or naval authorities as agents of the United Stales, prisoners of war, or persons de? tained for offences of any kiud, either he? idie or aiter conviction. FORTS Artotwn WASHINGTON.-All but four of the forts about Washington are to be immediately dismounted, their garri? sons withdrawn and dismissed, and every? thing appertaining to Ibis expensive branch of defensive warfare is to be put upon the general retrenchment path. IMPORTANT TREATY.-Thc Columbian Government bas granted in perpetuity to the United States Government the exclu? sive privilege of using the Panama Uail joad tor military, naval and other govern mental purposes, other nations eau only Use il commercially. Gen. Sheridan, who so greatly distin? guished himself in Virgini.-fhas been sent to Texas. It is understood that he has authority to collect such troops as may be made available in the Western Depart? ment, and. transfer them to Galveston, and thence to march upon Kirby Smith's loree TRUTH DISCOVERABLE.-Sherman con? cludes a published letter of complaint with the declaration: 'There is consolation in knowing that though truth lies in the bottom of a well, the Yankees lia ve perse? verance enough to get to that bottom." For.TitEss MONROE.-The strictest regula? tions respecting persons visiting tho for? tress are still rigidly enforced. No perron, either officer or civilian, is allowed to enter the fortress, unless duly provided with a j ?ass. EPISCOPAL CHURCHES.-Tn Richmond, April SO. the Episcopal churches which bad been two weeks clofed to avoid pray? ing for the President of the United States offered their devotions as prescribed by? law, military and canonical. Missouri cuerillas have sacked the towns of Kingsville and Holden, and threatened Lexington. The St. Louis night express train was slopped ami robbed by armed men, on its way from Cincinnati. PRESIDENT JOHNSON.-The Philadelphia Ledger correspondent says Mr. JoliU'ion will give the radicals a wide berth. Ex cepting a few leader?, a general amnesty will be tendered to Hie whole people. Nassau has collapsed with the failure of the blockade running business-every? body leaving, goods selling at auction at mei ely nommai prices, and the principal hotel closed. The Philadelphia Inquirer'* Washington correspondent says it will probably take three months for'tbe board of examination to get through the trials of the conspi? rators. j?r Mr. Seddon has been arrested and im? prisoned on the gun boat in James River, with Hunter and Campbell. It was be? lieved that Lee would also be in custody, also Gov. Smith. . GEN. BRECKENRIDGE.-It is rumored that Gen. Breckimidge and several other gen? tlemen hnve made their escape in a vessel sailing from the coast of Florida. The new Atlantic cable will be laid in July, if the weather permits. Weignt 400 pounds per mile; progress 25 miles pei day. TRUE BILLS.-The Grand Jury of the District of Columbia found true hills of indictment ugaiiist Mr. Davis and General Bred; in ridge. Tm; Gr. AXI> REVIEW.-The army nt Washington was two miles long, inarching l sixty abreast. XjOC?tl Items. . Tlie ofi?s-e of the Columbia J'licrvix is on Gatos street, second door from Plain. Mr. G ri He va ld , will please accept tlie thanks of lue employees of the J'houix for a basket of lino plums. Gen. Hartwell is expected to arrive in this city to day, to arrange malters con? cerning paroles. Wo arc again Under obligntions to that useful institution, the Southern Expresa Company, for copies of the Augusta Con? stitutionalist and livening Transcript, of late dates. ^..Messrs. Fisher ?lr, Ueinitsh advertise, in this morning's issue, a large assortment of drugs, medicines, ?te. These gentlemen contemplate shortly resuming their usual wholesale and retail business. The proprietor of the Phoenix left for thc North, yesterday evening,-to procure a supply of material for the purpose of enlarging and otherwise improving his paper. During his absence. Mr. ?lohn A. Elkins will attend^ lo all business connect? ed with the paper. LETTERS BY EXPRESS.- We are pleased to state that the Southern Express Com? pany, as wiil be soon by a notice in an? other column, with a commendable desire to serve the public in all possible way?, has arranged, during the present suspen? sion of mail facilities, to carry letters to all point* on its lines of communication, as well as (?ieee nt the North reached by the Adams' Express Company. About a month ago, during a heavy shower of rain, an officer on horseback was cantering along one of our streets j holding over himself a handsome silk um? brella. Ho met a lady running rapidly to get out. of the rain, and dismounting, ac? costed her, telling Iiis name, handed her the umbrella, mounted and rode on. Ib has not, heard of the lady or the umbrella since. If he were again to see the lady he would not know her; but if tho um brella wero sent lo this oflico, he wooli! gratefully recognize that much-needed article of his property. E5?F"PERSONA!.-.ill suos-criuers to tho PhiT[iix whoso subscriptions have ex? pired, will please come foiwa'-d ?nd renew, in specie or provisions; otherwise their papers will be stopped. We wish it distinctly understood that our ternis are cash. No adveitise ments wiil, therefore, be inserted unless paid for in advance. Wo present the following schedule of rates, in tho case of the most obvious com- i mod it ie?. For one month's subscription to the Phonix, we will receive either of tho following, viz: 1 bushel corn. 1 ? bush, peas or potatoes 5 pounds butter. 25 lbs. Hour. 7 '. lard. 4 lhs. candles. 7 " bacon. qts. rice. 8 dozen eggs. 4 head of chickens. Wood, vegetables and provisions gene? rally received at fair market rates ap? proaching tho specie standards. Benjamin F. Wade, James ll. Doolittle and Simon Cameron have jointly pur? chased one of tue great cotton plantations of South Carolina. MOBILE.-A terrific explosion of powder took pluce in Mobile, destroying a thou? sand lives, and prostrating tho business part of tho city. MURDER.-The overseer of Mr. Chevis, near Abbeville, has boen murdered by negroes, who are getting quite disorderly in that region. FeusD DCAI>.-Fifteen dead negroes were drawn out of the river just below Macon. The bodies were buried on tho river bank. Cause of death unknown'. . Ex Gov. LETCH ER.-Ex Gov. Letcher was arrested at his home, Lexington, Va., on Sunday, and has arrived in Washington in custody. Application for national banks at Rich? mond, Petersburg, Savannah and Charles? ton, have been mada to the Treasury De? partment. A Federnl soldier was shot and killed in Macon on Thursday night, while attempt? ing to enter a private house. Gen. Lee, it is said, will he indicted for treason. The moment, he is indicted, his parole will be of no use to him. Tho Postmaster-General has started South, to make arrangements for postal communications. Mis. Davis and family aro in Savannah, permission to -rn North having been re? fused by the War Department. A $200.0o0 dianio:;.] is offered for sale in London. A ninety-five pound ra! fsh was caught on Monday hst, near Burlington, Iowa. Some planters ure trying to ruidc cotton iu Caliloruiu. Council Proceedings. COUNCIL Cn/ M nun, COLUMBIA, .Unie G. 1S65. Present - His Honor the Mayor, Alder men Bates, Blakely, Glass, Glare, Harris, Hope, Lenphart and Stork. ' On mot ion, it vf as ordered that the Com? mittee on Scales be directed to have the city scales repaired. It was also ordered that the matter of thc salaries of officers he referred to the Committee on Guard House and Police. Aldermnn Glaze was appointed Chair? man of the Committee on Water Works and Alderman Hope added to the same Committee. An election for Alderman in Ward No. ?., to fill the vacancy occasioned by.the election of Alderman Gibbes to the May? oralty, was ordered tobe held at Dr. Gei? ger's office on the lOtli inst Managers A. R. Phillips, A. L. Solomon and A. D llitt. The following resolution was adopted: Resolved, That the reasous which here? tofore existed for not granting licenses to retail spirituous liquors, tlo not exist; and that the City Council will, to proper ap? plicants and a dite compliance with the law upon that subjects grar.t licenses, pro? vided the same meet the approval of the Commandant ol thc Post. The Committee of Ways and Means presented the following amendment to the "Ordinance to raise supplies for the year 1S65:" Whereas the taxes imposed by the ordi? nance of the City Council, ratified on the ?id day of .January, ?11 the yeal of our Bord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, entitled "An Ordinance to raise supplies tor the year 1865," were payable in the Treasury . ilotes of the Confederate States ol' America; and wheres? some per? sons have heretofore paid their taxes for the year ltSo? in said currency, while others are still in arrears: and whereas the said Treasury" notes are 110 longer current and having beeuiue wholly valueless, and therefore can no longer bc received in payment of the taxes 6tiil remaining un? paid; and whereas th? necessities of thc municipal authorities of the cry are such ns to r< quire the laying of an addi! ional tux upon all sales of merchandize and sale.-, ai and ion, made for specie or its equivalent, since the first day of April, 18G?: Be it, therefore, ordained hy tin; Mayor j and Aldermen ol the city of Columbia, in Council assembled, and hy the authority j of the same, That in all cases where the I tax*s ?inposed by the said ordinance, rati? fied on the 3d day of January, 1865. have not. already been paid ti ?ion real estate und oilier things hereinafter mentioned, the following taxes shall be paid by such per? sons in arrears for llic period beginning on the 1st day of January, 1805, and termi? nating on the 1st. day of January, 1806, as well as thc following additional taxes on sales of merchandize, and on sales nt auc? tion for specie or its equivalent made during the year 1305, which said taxe-? shall be paid in specie or its equivalent, and shall be placed in the eily treasury for the use of said city, viz: SEC. 1. That is to say, one fourth of one per cent, on every hundred dollars of thc assessed value of all houses and tenements occupied as dwellings, stoles or places of any business whatever; the value of such houses nf tenements to be assessed by the City Clerk. Vue?nt lots, or lots whereon building? have been destroyed by tire, to be free from ibis tax. SEC. 2. One ?ter cent shall be levied upon every hundred dollars of sales for specie or its equivalent of goods, wares and merchandize, euiuraeing sales ?if nil articles of trade for barter or exchange, except cotton, which have been or may he made by resident merchants, traders and dealers within the city of Columbia, from the first, dav of April, 1865: which said tax shall tie paid at the end of each quarter, beginning on tile first day of April last. SEC 8. And A-hereas many peinons set up temporary shops or stores for the sale of merchandize after the ti 1 e fixed for assessing taxes, and close the same before the return of tax thereon, so ns to avoid the payment of taxes to the ciiy altoge? ther: Be it further ordained, Tliac all such dealers shall, upon opening shops or stores in the city of Columbia, pay t<> the City Clerk the sum of twenty dollars, which shall be allowed him in the next settlement for taxes/and the overplus, it' any, be re? turned to him. On failure to pay after being notified, the Mayor shall torin with issue an execution against the defaulters, and collect the money in thc usual way. SEC. 4. There shall bc levied one ?nd one-half per cent, upon sales at auction of all goods, wares, merchandize, real estate or other propurty: Provided, nevertheless, that no tax shall be levied upon sales ai auction made by order of emi t or process of law. The tax imposed by this section shall be collected at the end of each and every mouth, commencing with the first day of May, 1S65. SEC. 5. And be it further ordained, by the aut hority aforesaid. That a tax of one and one-half p. r c. nt shall be pani on the premiums received by each and every in? surance company, or iig.-nr, or agency thereof, doing business in' this city; and it shall be thc du:y ol every such insurance company, or the officers or agents thereof, to make quarterly returns nuder oath to thc City Clerk of thc amount of premiums for I lie quarter prec??dine, nuder a penally of, ten dollars foi each and every day that snell company ol agent or agency arny neirlecl or refuse to make leturns and pay t-uoh tax, to lie collected by execution ns ir. other eases provided for thc Collection of fines and forfeiture. SKC. 6. And bc it further ordained, by the authority aforesaid, That tv?> dollars sh;!ll he paid on each and every horse, mare, stallion, gelding and mule kept or used wi (hin t he city of Columbia, besides the tax on vehicles, as follows: Ten dollnta shall be piid on each and every four wheeled pleasure carriage or barouche drawn by two or more horses; five dollars on each an<l every one-horse carriage, buggv. barouche, gig or sulky not used for hire; fifteen dollars on every vehicle used for the breaking or exhibiting of horses and mules; ?20 on each huck or can ing* drawn by two horses, and inn for the con* voyance of passengers for hire; $7 on each and every one horse buggy, gig or sulky kept or used for hire; ?i7 on eneh and. every wagon, cart, or dray: S?(> ?>n each and every omnibus or stage. And all persons commencing to use or run ?ny carriage or other vehicles after the time for thc pay? ment of taxes, shall pay from thc time, they commence, to une or run such ear? ring or Vehicle to tho end of the year, la proportion to the rate of taxes per au nura: Provided, That nothing herein con? tained shall extend to any of the above enumerated vehicles not used, although kept within the limits of the city. And provided, als?, that nothing herein con? tained shall be construed to extend to wagons, carts, drays or carriages going to or from market, and owned hy non resi? dents of said city. And b<: it bli ther ordained. That a tax of ?5 shall he paid on each and everv horse, mate, stallion, gelding and mule sold in this city hy or on account of anv luirse trader or livery stuble keeper; and the keeper ot" every livery stabic shall make quarterly returns on oath of such sales ai his stable and pay the lax thriven, under a pen ttl ty of ?10 per day for failure TO make such returns and payments nt tho end ol the quarter. SEC 7. And be it further ordained. thai no persoti shall let to hire anv wagon, emt or dray or other carriage, or run any omni? bus, staire, hack or other carriage for the transportation of goods or passengers wilina the limits of said city, without first having obtained a badge from the City Clerk, tobe placed on some conspicu? ous part of the vehicle; also a b ulee with the number hy which lie rimy be known and identified, to be worn on a conspicu? ous part of his person l>v the driver of such omnibus, wagon, cart, dray or other carriage, un.1er a penalty <?$' five dol?ais for each and ever\ day that such vehicle shall so run, to be recovw-ed by informa? tion before the Mayor or anyone of the Aldermen of said city. SKC. S. Whereas all r^i:?e inhabitants between the ages of sixteen and li fl v veal's, residing within the limits of tho eitv of Columbia,are required bv tho law.-? of this State to work upon the streets of said city tor full twelve days in en ch and every year; be it, thor.?ore, ordained. Thal each and every person liable to work upon the streets of the said oily of Co. luniliia may and shall be excused from lim performance of said duty upon the pay? ment ol two do.lars to the City Clerk; and each and every peison so liable, who shall fail lo pay the said sam of two dollars within llie tim?; hereinafter sp. citied, shall, when summoned tn .io so, be required to ?vork upon the streets of ihe. said city for full twelve days, under ?he direction of ihe overseer nf s?rcele; a.ol if any such ?i. i son or persons shall neglect or refuse to work Upon thc streets at the time when summoned, such person or persons shall be fined one dollar for each and every dav that he or thev shall neglect or refuse so lo work, to be recovered by information be? fore the Mayor and Aldermen in Connell assembled. And it shall tie tho duty of the City Clerk and of the Chief of Police lo report, to'the said Mayor and Aldermen Ail defaulters under either of tjie clauses of this section. ? SKC. 9. One per cent, upon thc income of brokers and professions-the income of ministers of thc dispel und schoolmasters excepted. SEC. 10. And be it firrther ordained by the authority afosesaid, That no eques? trian or theatrical performance, or oilier exhibition for tiain, shall lie held in the eily of Columbia, without a license from the Mayor, first had and obtained, and the payment in advance to die Cit}" Clerk of ri fly dollars per day, fer equestrian exhi? bitions, and such sum as the Mayor may assess tor iii er. I neal or other exhibitions for gain; and each and every person ex? hibiting for gain, without first having obtained such license, and the payment ol said tax in advance, shall be tined in a sum of not less tuan double the amount of said lax, in the manner hereinbefore pro vided tor the imposition of fines and for? feitures. SEC ll. And be it further ordaiiod. Thal an annual tax of twenty-rive dollars shall be paid on each tind every bagatelle, pool and keele table, and upon every bowling saloon, nine-or tenVpin alley or pistol gallery kept within the limits of the said eily; and the sum of one hundred dellars shall be paid in advance for a license.lo keep er have a cook-pit within the inuit-, of the said city; and no license tor such cook piL shall be gran;od for any lu...; within the fiscal year for a Usa sum th-II one hundred dollars: Provided, That n - pcrt-ou or pcrdouc shall open aov one of the placea of amunemeut uiuu?o?ed m