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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43. THE COLUMBIA PHONTX, PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SCXDAT, BY JULIAN A. SELBY. TERMS-IJf AD VANOS. BUBscarPTios. Six months, * . . ? $S One month, - * - - -. 1 ADVERT! SI NO. * One square, (tea lines,) oce time. 60 cts Subsequent insertions, . 3o cts Special notices ten cents per line. Ocean. Osean, thou art disenchanted? And the marfter'no more* Anchors under islands haunted, Off a silver?sauded shore; * Where he sees some fairy's palace Glitter through the boscuge green; Hears tho glancing of her shuttle,? And the wizard chant between. ^ Once the galley steering Westward, Toward the throne of Saturn sailed, Toward the islands of the happy. Where the summer never fuiled; Where along the beach elysian, Heroes born in better days * . Wandered, fanned by winds eternal, Blowing inland from the baya. Ocean, tho? art disenchanted! And the mariner no more Sees the sunken city glimmer, Leagues away from any shore? Where ere H?lice and Burial Leaning o'er the galley's side. Once the voyager saw them waver With the motions of the tide. Argosies condemned to wander [l?venles* from clime to clime. With* ensanguined ingots laden- . * All have faded trom the brine! And the Triton's shell no longer Over yesty waves is blown; And poseidon's burnished axle Drifts a wreck upon the foam. The?e are gone-but still thy surge? Kiss und girdle.isle? of balm. Clasping beaches heryl paven, * Latitudes qt cordless calm! -t-.?._:_ Wordsworth on Taste ?rid Culture. The sincerity of Wordsworth, in bis intercourse with nature, constitutes the great charra of his writings, the inspi. ration of bia muse and-the secret of Via philosophy. His love of nature waa not only a part of bit real life, but it was his most intense passion. Afld the passion was an honest ore. It bad no affectations. He thought in fthe fields. His muse came to bim a? lie walked. At his desk, and in ?is studyi, he simply became the roechafi cal scribe to put on record what the poet had conceived out of doors. ^When his servant was asked-where his library was. he answered -*In that rooyi; but bis study is in the woods, and fields, and out upon the hills, and down beside the lakes.' The pleasurei he found in the naked and natura world led him somewhat to a dispar? agement of the social and even? tbe civilized. It moved him io such ex? tremes as would outrage the mere utilitarian. Hence we find him made angry at the sight of ?. steamboat on his secluded lake; and he tums away with* a shudder from the rush and roar and hiss and whistle o? the railway car and engine, penetrating the woods which ho bas solemnly dedicated to Pan, and the sylvan muses. 3ut the thoughtful man of. business will for (^ive him this extreme of sentiment, in consideration of those better lesions of taste and art, which none caa teach so well as the poet of the contemplative. He would commend to all persons who would build in the country, and exer? cise a proper taste in doing so, to study the spirit of Wordsworth's poetry, and the direct illustrations he bas given of what constitutes the perma? nent charin of nature in his book of prose, 'The Guido through the Lake District' He would preserve the region, so bountifully provided hy Nature for the ase of man, as be him? self has eloquently expressed it, 'a sort of national property, in which erery man has a right and interest, who hae an eye to perceive, and a heart to enjoy.' His correspondence furnishes other precedents. Io a letter to bis friend, Sir George Beaumont, this sub? ject ia profoundly treated. His solici? tude, it may. be remarked, ts called forth by no vulgarian. He had as much horrqr of the bad taste of a nobleman as of a plebeian; and would have condemned more readily the au? dacious presumption of a castle than ?the feeble impertinence of a misplaced cottage. It was a great error to sup? pose of Wordsworth that there was anything aristocratic-iq its invidious sense-in bis zealous monopoly of the woods . and fiejds. It was that man should breathe freer among ttfem that he erected his barricades of poetical' warning against the mos? destructive monster, Bad Taste. This passage in the letter just mentioned will show certainly no antagonism lo just 'pro? gress:" 'I know nothing which to me would be so pleasing or affecting, as to be able to say when I am ia the midst of a large estate-This* man in not the victim of his condition; lie is not the ppoiled child of" worldly grandeur; the thought of himself does not take the lead in his enjoyments; he is, when he 'ought to be, lowly-minded, and bas human feeling; he has a true relish ol simplicity, and, therefore, stands the best chance of being happy; at least, without it there is no happiness, be cause there can be Ao true sense ol the bounty and beauty of the creation, or insight into.the constitution of tb? human mind. Let a man of wealtb and influence show, by the appearance of the country in his neighborhood. Chat he treads in the steps of the gooc sense of the age, and occasionally goet foremost; lot him give countctrance U improvements in agriculture, steering clear of the pedantry of it, and show? ing that its grossest utilities will con nect themselves harmoniously with th? more intellectual arts, and even thrivi the. best under such connexion; le him do his utmost to be sorrouad?? with tenants living comfortably, wtoiel will bring always with it the best o all graces that a country can have flourishing fields and bappy-lookinj houses; and, in that part of his est?t devoted to park and pleasure-ground let him keep himself as much out c sight as possible; let Nature be all ii all, taking care that everything don .by man shall be in the way of bein; adopted by her. If people choos that a great mansion should be tb chief figure in*a country, let this kin? of k&ping prevail through the picturt and true taste will find no fault.' It was a love of Nature which di not exclude man, and was far as possibl removed from all jealous dilettanlisr or the morbid feeling of irritable sell love. In the following narrative pr< amble, followed by^an eloquent deda ration of a profound truth, we hav one of the most fruitful passages i literature: "4 You know something of Lov ther. I believe a more delightft spot is not under the sun. Last sun mer I bad a charming walk along lt river, for which I **^is indebted to tb man, whose intention is to carry tr. walk aloug the river-side till, it jon the great road at Lowther Bridg which you will recollect, ju3t und' Brougham, about a mile from Penrit This is to my great sorrow ! foe tl manufactured walk, which was abs lutely necessary in many places, w in one place pass.through a few hu dr^d yards of forest ground, at will there efface th? most beautii specimen of a forest pathway ever se? by human eyes, and* which I ha paced many ao hour, when I was youth, with some of those I best lov< ' There is a continued opening betwe the trees, a narrow slip of green turf besprinkled with flowers, chiefly dais? ies, and here it h that this pretty path plays its pranks, wearing away the turf and flowers at its pleasure. When I took the walk I was speaking of, last Summer, it was Sunday. I met several of the people of the country posting to and from church, in different parts; and in a retired spot by the river 6ide were two musicians (t:elonging pro? bably to some corps of volunteers) playing upon the hautboy and clarionet. You may guess I w.13 not a little delighted; and as yet had been a visitor at Lowther, I could not help wishing you were with me. And now. I am brought to the sentiment which i occasioned this deta(|; I may say brought back to my subject, which is this-that all just and solid pleasure in 1 natural objects rests upon two pillars, God and man. Laying out grounds, as it is called, may be, considered as a liberal art, in some sort, like poetry and painting; and its object like that of all the liberal arts, is, or ought be, to move the affections under the control ? of good sense; that is, those of the best and wisest; but, speaking with more precision, it is to assist Natitte in moving the affections, and, surely, as I have said, the affections of those who have the deepest perception of the beauty of Nature; who have the most valuable feelings, that is the most permanent, the most independent, the most ennobling, connnected with nature and human life. No" liberal art aims merely at the gratification of au individual or a class; the painter or poet is degraded in proportion as he does so; the true servants of tho Arts pay honing? to the human kind as im? personated in utiwarped and enlighten? ed minds. If this be so when we are merely putting together words or colors, how much more ought the feel? ing to prevail when we aro in the midst of the realities of things; of the beauty and harmony, of the joy and happiness of loving creatures; of men and chil? dren, of birds and beasts, of hills aDd streams, and trees ajid flowers; with changes of night and day, evening and morning, summer aud winter; and all their unw'earied actions and ener? gies, as benign in the spirit that ani? mates them as they are beautiful and grand io that form and clothing which is given to them for the delight of our gensesl' " There is conscience ia such writing as this; and it is the prevailing tone of the letters and conversations where any question ot criticism or morality is deeply concerned. The world may get here if it will, what it most j wants, ir*lesson of wisdom from retire? ment, above the multitudinous noise and jar, and the confusion of the many temporary means and ends of I the day. It will be a lesson of truth and strength of purpose-truth, one of the last things which men learn, how? ever well disposed they may be towards practising it. (?110 OERIES, j DRY GOODS, &C" &C. KENNETH & GIBSON, At Robert Bryce's Old Stand, ACHOICE ASSORTMENT of Goode, consisting in part of: 1.20? lbs. choice BACON". 7 bbls. FLOUR. luO boxea No. 1 HERRINGS. 5 English Dairy CHEESE. 6 bbls. BUTTER CRACKERS. 5 boxes FAMILY SOAP. 5 " CORN STARCH. 6 doz. BROOMS. 500 vards pure MADDER PRINTS. 600 * " Checked English ALPACA. 100 ?? " CAMBRIC. '600 ?' superior LONG CLOTH. ALSO, COLOGNE, JELLIES-BLACKING. Windsor Soap. Hair and Tooth Brushes DreapJng and Fine Tooth Combs. Swewt Oil, Gent's Puper Collars. Sugars, Lockt, Smoking Pipes. And various other articles too nuoerom ? *?-* tn cat ic a. June IS For Sale, ?NE BOX FINEST CHEWING TO? BACCO, cheap for cash by I .Tune IS 2 FISHER <fc HEINIT3H. i DR. M. M- SAMS OFFERS his PROFESIONAL SER? VICES to the inhabitants of Colum? bia* Will be found at building formerly occupied by Prof. Patrick, on Arsenal square. June 14 2 MEDICAL CAED. DR. S. LOGAN offers his professional services to the residents of Columbia and its vicinity. He may be found at Dr. J. J- Chisolm'#new house, on Arsenal Hill. June 12 _4* City Taxes. IWILL attend dailj\ from 9 a. m. to 12 m., nt the Council Room, (formerly Odd Fellows' School-room.) for the purpose of collecting CITY TAXES. In view of the urgent necessities of the City Council, it is hoped that all tax payers will be prompt. A. G. BASKIN. .Jone 8 City Clerk. Headq'rs Provisional Brigade, COLUMBIA, S. C., Jc?fi 9, 1665. To thc Freedmen: THE time has come for you all to do your best to show that, you^are fit to be free men in this great Republic. Observe sacredly thi marriage tie. Learn ta read and write. No one must leave his wife, children or aged 'parents while he can assist them- Thieves and idlers and peo? ple strolling about the country will be punished. Be prudent, and quiet, and or? derly. If you have trouble, report it to the military authorities. This year you cannot do much more than get a living for yourselves 3nd families; those will get the best pay next year who work the best now. Let no one be either proud or ?shamed of the form or color that G*od has given him. Be proud of the chance to do for yourselves and for each other. (Signed.) A. S. HARTWELL. Jurie 10 Brevet. Hrijxadier-TBeneral. Headq'rs Provisional Brigade, COLUMBIA. S. C., ?u.va 9. ISOr,. GENERAL ORDER NO. IS. "1\7HEREAS certain persons have an. Vv notinced to those colored people formerly their elaves and still remaining on their tanements that, they must quit, with no provision made or Attempted for said colored people to obtain shelter ot work, it is hereby ordered thar no person shall turn off from his plaue or house those colored people who have lived y i th him and still desire to remain with him and do what they can. Any person or person* violating th? order, and turning out from their houses these people, to become paupers upon the community, will be forthwith arrested anc reported at these headquarters for trial Case3 of colored people residing on th? places of their former masters, and be having improperly or- refusing to wort with fair terms offered, will be report?e for action of the militaay authorities, By order of A. S. HARTWELL, "Brevet Brig. Gen. Official: GEO. F. MCKAY, Lieut, and A A. A. G. " " june 10 6 Headq'rs Provisional Brigade, COLUMBIA, g. C.. JUNE 9, 1866. GENERAL ORDER NO. 12. THE attention of this command is caller to existing orders-ag?inst maraudirij and foraging. Officers and mep are far ther ordered to avoid all nnnece-eary di* cussion on public matters with those who after these years of blood and sufferine still do not acquiesce in the result of bat tie and in the policy of the General Gc . vernment. Courteey to all is the part o a soldier. Information will*be given when ever desired. Sympathy for .those in nor row and affliction is felt by no one quieke than by the soldier; but no soldier ca forget ?rhat he has fought for, and who his brothers have died to support-th Union, Constitution and laws and fte Government-now, as the result of th war, accorded to all classes; nor cari h forget the dignity of his Government un his own dignify ns its repr?sent?t i ve, i dealing with,tralee who now either s-.cretl j or openly scoff at those sacred principle i Contracts between ruasteis and ter van will set forth in word* the freedom of th latter, and will be witnessed by a Uni:* States officer and by a civ ilia n. It is ft the interest of the people that th?se rel tions be amicably adjusted without* dela Cases of difficulty will bo examined a;, tried by military authorities. No privileges or advantages whatsoev. will be granted those who do not decln their allegiance to the United States G vernment, acting in good faith accordii to that declaration. This order will bo published to the e tire command. By order of A. S. HARTWELL, Brevet Brig. Gen. Official: GE^ F. MCKAV, 1st Lie.t1. a: . A. A. A. G. v? 0 Headq'rs United States Forcee, . CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C, MAT 27, 1S65. GENERAL ORDERS NO 4. Ii< order to prevent any disturbance which may anee from the improper use of in? toxicating liquors, it is hereby ordered that, for the present, no intoxicating li? quors will be sold or given away to any citizen or soldier, unless permission is granted from these headquarters. Any , one found guilty of disobc3-ing this crdcr, will not only have his goods confiscated, but wiil be subject to punishment by mili? tary law. By command of Lient Col. N. HAUGHTON, Commanding Post. W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 26th O. V. V. 1. and Post Adjutant. may 29 Headq'rs United States Forces, CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C., MAY 27, 1865. GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3. ALL citizens having ir. their possession nny property t hat righi fully belong* to the United States Government, accord? ing to the terms'of surrender of Gen. Jos. E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher ' man, U. S. A., will immediately report tho same to these headquarters. Persons having mules, horses and wa? gons, will, for the present, be permitted to retain the same for the purpose of carry I ing on t heir work. Any person failing to comply with this order within a reasona? ble time, will not only be deprived of any farther use of said property, but will also subject themselves to punishment by mili? tary authority. By command of N. HAUGHTON, Lieut. Col. 25th O. Y. V., Com'dg Citv of Columbia, S. C. "W. J. KYLE. Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and Post Adjutant. may 29 Headq'rs United States Forces, CITY OF COLUMBIA. S- C., MAT 27. 1885. GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2. INFORMATION having been received at thes-j headquarters of the existence of armed bands of marauders infesting the country and committing d?pr?dations on the property of peaceful citizens, it is hereby ordered that all persons composing such wiii be Considered and treated as outlaws, and if caught, will receive the severest, punishment ot military law. / The United St.at.es Government is desir? ous of protecting ail peaceful and law abiding citizens, and they will confer a favor on th?s?? headquarters, and do justioo to themselves, by giving any information they may have in their possession respect? ing the names and movements of euch bandi, and, if possible, aiding in their capture. The time has arrived when it. behooves every citizen to do all in his power to assist the military Torce ? of the United St?tes to restore peace and harmony throughout the land. By order of * Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON, 25th O. V. V. I., Com'dg U. S. Forces, City of Columbia. W. J. KYLE, 21 Lieut. 25th O. V. V. L and Post Adjutant. ma}' 29 .-?. 1 Headquarters, Northern District, DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH, CHARLESTON, S. C., April 25, 1865. Circular to Planters, eic. "T^TUMEROUS applications have been JJN made to me for information as to the policy to be adopted on the subject of labor. All can understand the importance of making a crop the'present season, and foi 'esee the misery and suffering conseouent upon its lailure In the present unsettled state of the country, and in the absence of auy recog? nized State authorities, I find it my duty to ct-.urne control of the plantations near the military lines, and order as follows: 1st. The planters, after taking the oath of all-igiance, will assemble the freedmen (lately their slaves} and inform them that they "are free, aud tba' henceforth they must depend upon their OWD exertions for their support. 2d. Equitable contracts in writing will be made by the owners of the land with the freedmen for the cultivation of the land daring the present year. Payment will be made in kind, and the allowance of one half the crop is recom? mended as far compensation for the labof, the landlord furnishing subsistence until the crop is gathered. These contracts wul be submitted to the nearest military or naval commander for approval and endorsement, When the above requirements are com? plied with, protection will be granted as far as military necessity will allow; but where no contract is made, the crop raised will be considered forfeited for the use of the laborer?. Should tke owners refuse to cultivate it, they will be considered as ea I deavonng to embarrass the Government, and the land will be used for colonies of the freedmen from the interior. JOHN P. HATCH. . June 1 B<ig. G'tj. C?mraa^ding.