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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43. THE COLUMBIA PHONIX, PUBLISHED DAILT.JpXCKPT SUNDAY, BY JULIAN A. SELBY. TERMS-IN AD FA NC E. SUBSCRIPTION. Six months, $6 One month, ... - 1 ADVERTISING. Obe square, (ten lines,) enc time, 50 eta Subsequent insertions. 35 cts Special notices teu cents per line. Description of Jeff. Davis and Party. A correspondent of the New York Herald, on the steamer W. H. Clyde, writes: THE PERSON .VE I. OF THE rRlS0NER3. Jeff. Davis, of whom we ot the North have heard so much and seen .so little for the past four years, is a man about six feet ii? height, rather lean, and not of the finest figure by an}' means. I should take him to be somewhat above fifty years of age, prematurely grey. He has full whis? kers, rather'stunted in? growth, and like his hair, sprinkled Mfith grey. Iiis grey eves (one of which is blind) haye an undefined and unfathomable look, and bis mouth, of the Grecian mould, is occasionally jerked out of all pro portion by a sepulchral laugh or forced smile. Ho is confined to his bed a great deal of the time, and it requires .all the nursing pf his strong-nerved wife to keep li ?tn from giving way to despondency. He is' a pitiful sight, ?nd the last man one would have sup? posed to be a fit subject for the Presi? dential honor*. . MRS DAVIS AND CHILDREN. Mrs. Davis is the second wife of the .ex-President, by whom he has had four children. The eldest ts a smart* little black-eyed girl, Maggie, of some fourteen summen?, and the next a boy, of about twelve or thirteen, who goes by the euphonious cognomen of '.?Young Jeff. ' He is a chip from the old block, and wo would suppose from his actions and temper, shown on va? rious and sundry occasions, that he too,' Jika his traitorous sire, would in after days be fit for "treason, stratagem and spoils."- The next is a. smart little fellow, with bright eyes and flaxen hair, tco young to have tho least ap? preciation of hi? condition, and the fourth is a "nursing child. _Mrs. Davis is a member of tho [lowell family, of Georgia, and has a great many rela? tives at Augusta. She is a pretty woman, of probably forty years of age. When I first saw her, at Macon, and conversed with her on flie cars, I thought her pretty and agreeable; but to look at her now it seems as though twenty years had been heaped upon her head in one short week. Her pride and vivacity have forsaken her, and truly she is hut the wreck of her form?r self. MISS HOWELL, Her sister, is a young lady hardly out of her teens, if we are ito judge from her appearance. She has black hair and black eyes, with a ruddy com? plexion, and very little of that modest demeanor which charaeterizos our Northern belles. Io fact, she is coarse .-coarse in feature and coarse in de? meanor. This is not much to her de? triment, however, HS her future pros? pects are not wall calculated to develop the finer qualities of a high-bred lady. She is affianced to Lieut. Hathaway, one'of the prisoners. Having thus hurriedly sketched the outlines of.the Davis family, I will ! leave the imaginations' of my readers to fill io the background and supply the lights and shades, and proceed to pourtray the personnel of the other no? tables. ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS, The rebel Vice-President, is one of the most singular men ip appearance you will meet with in a life-time. I should take him to be about five feet six iuches in height, and almost as slim as a skeleton. He appears to be nothing bot BWO, bone and cartilage, and ia so feeble aa to be hardly able to TTiove about. Hi* face is entirely devoid of beard, and bis lip? extremely thin. He is ?hat is commonly termed ifintern-jawed, and has a bigb smooth for< head. His eyes are bright, but, | after looking at them straight during a i somewhat lengthy conversation, I nm unable to say what color they really are. Ho was dressed in plain black clothing, and wears a heavy gold fob chain. The amber stem of his meer? schaum pipe is always seen, either in his mouth or protruding from his rest pocket. He conversed very freely about the events of the psst four year?. He maintains that he was al? ways in favor of the Uiion and op? posed to secession, though lie advocates the inherent right of a State to with? draw from the Union under the Con? stitution. He vindicates his course in accepting the Vice-Presidency of the Confederacy, by saying that he did 30 in order to prevent the horrors of dis? organized warfare, and to try to bring about reconstruction. He is not on good terms with Davis, and I have not seun them exchange words during the trip. Both keep their state rooms closely, and neither seem3 to pay much attention to what is transpiring around them. The next character of note in the programme is the late . POSTMASTER GENERAL REGAN*. This individual was formerly a re? preventative in Congress from Texas, and endeavored to make himself noto? rious on the State Rights question, b? challenging debate with several promi? nent Republican members. None, however, saw fit to indulge him, and tie made but little reputation, except among the fire-eaters of hi? own State. Being a personal friend of Davis, and one of his chief cd-workers in iniquity, he received the appointment of Post? master-General, iu which capacity be served until the rebel bubble burst. He then volunteered bis services to pilot his lord and master through the country to Texas; and, after securing a shipment of most of the rebel funds I (which be had for some time been converting into specie) in a blockade runner to Europe, for deposit, subject to hil draft, be undertook bis perilous journey. Y"u, are 'already apprised of the result. He is a thickset, black haired, tawny man, such as the climate of Texas usually produces. COLONEL LUBBOCK. Was formerly Governor of Texas, but has bgen serving for some time as aid de camp to Davis, with rank ot Colonel of Artillery. He is also a heavy set individual, with grey bair and imperial, and grey cold eyes. He is rather of a jovial disposition, how? ever, and is disposed to take his cap? tivity rather as a "joke" than other? wise. COLONEL JOHNSON. Occupied tho same rank and po? sition. He is ? very tall, muscular man, and is also grey. He is. much of the disposition of Lubbock, and the two pass much of their time playiug cards or spinning yarns. PRIVATE SECRETARY HARRISON. " Is a very good looking youug man, and is very well informed on political mutters. He does not, however, ex? press an opinion openly on any topic connected with the defunct Confed eracy, and is much reserved in his manner. He is very atteutive to "the President,'7 as he invariably calls bim, ?and would consider it an honor to black his boots. This is all the Presi? dential cortege that I consider worthy of special mention, and so I will pass to CLEMENT C. CLAY AND LADY. I first met Mr. Clay and lady on the cars at Macon, and they both con? verse very freely. They are both very intelligent; but of the ?two, to use a common expression, the madame is the best man. I should take Clay to be abont thirty-five years of age, and his wife about tbuty. They were dressed plainly, but assumed an air of osten? tation and superiority. Mrs. Clay jocularly remarked to Col. Pritchard ind myself, that as sb? brought Mr. Clay in, she should claim the reward offered for hi? arrest. They both talked a great deal about "political tricks" at Washington, and assumed to believe that his arrest was only a ruse to carry out the design of Presir dent Johnson for the gratification of personal vengeance. MAJOR-OENERAT.. WHEELER, Is hardly worthy of a special para? graph. He is a very ordinary looking individual, about thirty years of age, with light brown hair and hazel eye?. He was always the laughing-stock of our cavalry, who have so often placed him hors du combat, and since his cap? ture the poltroon sticks out of hts every feature, and is displayed in his every actio?. He shrinks like a whipped puppy from contact with his captors, and is seldom seen out of his room. COLOMBIA AND HAMBURG R. R. Otif of the ?most important connection., o! the whole Southern Railroad "system . is that leading by a direct route from this city to Columbia. It will prove an artery of trade of invaluable ac? count to the widest scope of country, as well as the immediate section of the State through which it passes! We hope that thu General Govern? ment, which has heretofore displayed so fostering a hand towards the repar? ation of all Southern works of internal improvement, will not overlook this. They will find it of importance to themselves, as well as valuable to the community. The Directpry of the road are doing all they can to further the enterprise, but they need the assistance of the public authorities in the obtainance of the proper labor. \Augusta Constitutionalist. We do -not dislike men so much when they are ruining* themselves ; it is only after they are ruined. THADDEUS STREETV AGENT of the New York <^f^rlS?K'?nd Charleston WEEKLY ?fa?SHH?LINt: OF STEAMERS, and GK? EKAL COMMISSION MERCHANT, Charleston. S. C., will give attention to any business entrusted to his care* June 17 -f-6_ UR. HENEY TIMROD WILL open, during the first week in July, nt hjs residence iu Richland street, (bctxv*ben Bull aud Marion,) a DAY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, in which the Ancient Languages, French and the usual Euzlish Branches will be taught. June 15 " LOST; APUR of GOLD SPECTACLES They were dropped at the back door of the Ration House, on the corner of Mr. C. A. Bedell's Lot. A reward will be paid to the finder, if required, with the thanks of the owner, who cannot well afford to lose them. Inquire'of JOHN 1 McKENZIE, or leave them at this office. June 1 fi Dwelling House for Sale" jS^y ONE of the largest and best ap JEj|j_pointed DWELLING HOUSES in this citv, with extensive and complete Stables and Servants' House, ?c., for sale. Apply anv day, between I and 3 o'clock, at thc South east corner of Marion and Lady streets, opposite the Presbyterian Church. June 15 " _6*_ ~r, LT SOLOMON, Second door almac Shiver House, Plain St., General Commission. Merchant and Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Merchandize and Country Produce. CONSIGNMENTS from manufacturers and planters will receive my usual prompt attention. Just received and now in store: 2.000 lbs. clear BACON SIDES. 800 HAMS and SHOULDERS. 10 bbls. FLOUR. 100 bushels SALT. CRUSHED SUGAR. BROWN Chewing and Smoking TOBACCO. BAGGING TWINE ENGLISH AXES. Bales HICKORY STRIPES. " FANCY PANT STUFF. " Colored DOMESTIC. A. L. SOLOMON. Jan? 15 5 . Coai:oie3;o3 Merchant. SPECIAL NOTICE COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds will find READY SALE at the comer of Assembly and Plain streets. Full prices paid to those bringing in produce. Citizens Will find on hand, nt all times, a FULL SUPPLY of COUNTRY PRO? DUCE, at REASONABLE RATES. HARDY SOLOMON, June 14 6* At Lewis Levy's Corner. City Taxes. IWILL attend daily, from 9 a. m. to 12 m.. at thejCouncil Room, (formerly Odd Fellows' School-voom.) for the purpose of collecting CITY TAXES- In view of-the urgent necessities of the City Council, it is hoped that all tax-payers w'ill be prompt. ? A.' G. BASK IN, June 8_ City Clerk. GROCERIES, DRY GOODS, ML, &C. KENNETH & GIBSON, At Robert Bryce's Old Stand, ACHOICE ASSORTMENT of Goods, consisting in part of: 1,200 lbs. choice BACON. 7 bhls. FLOUR. 100 boxes No. 1 HERRINGS. . S English Dairy CHEESE. 5 bbls. BUTTER CRACKERS. 5 boxes FAMILY SOAP. 5 *' CORN STARCH. 6 doz. BROOMS. SOOJyards pure MADDER PRINTS. 600 ~ " Checked English ALPACA. 100 ?' " CAMBRIC. 500 " superior LONGCLOTH. ALSO. COLOGNE, JELLIES, BLACKING. Windsor Soap, Hair and Tooth Brushes. Dressing and Fine Tooth Combs. Sweet Oil, Gent's Paper Collars. Sugars, Locks, Smoking Pipes. And various other articles too numerous to mention. Jone 12 Headq'rs Provisional Brigade, ' COLUMBIA, S. C., JUNE 9, 1865. To the freedmen: THE time has come, for you all to do your best to show that you are fit lo be free men in this great Republic. Observe sacredly th? marriage tie. * Learn to read and write. No one must leave his wife, children or aged parents "while ho* can assist them- Thieves and idlers and peo? ple strolling about the country will be punished. Be prudent) and quiet, and or? derly. If you have trouble, report it to the military authorities. This year you cannot do much more than get a living for yourselves and families: those will get the best pay next year who work the best now. Let no one be either proud or ashamed of the form or color that God has given him. Be proud of the chance to do for yourselves and for each other. (Signed.) A. S. HARTWELL, June 10 Brevet Brieadier-General. Headers Provisional Brigade, COLUMBIA. S. C., JUSTE 9, 1865. GENERAL ORDER NO. 12 ^"^HE attention of this command is called JL to existing orders aguinst marauding and foraging. Officers and men are far ther ordered to avoid all unnecessary dis? cussion on public matters with those who; after these years of blood and Bullering, still do not ncquiesee in tho result of bat? tle and in the policy of the General Go? vernment. Courtesy to all is th? part of a soldier. Information will be given when? ever desired. Sympathy for those in sor? row and aliliction is .felt by no oue quicker than by the soldier; but no soldier can forget what he ?pas fought for, and what his brothers have died to support-the Union, Constitution and laws and free Government-now, as the re*ult of the war, accorded to all classes; nor can he forget the dignity of his Government and his own dignity as its representative, in dealing with those who now either secretly or opeuly scoff at those sacred principles. Contracts between masters and servants will set forth in word? the freedom of the latter, and will be witnessed by a United States officer and by a civilian. It is for the interest of the people that t'-".se rela? tions be amicably adjusted witho delay. Csses of difficulty wi fl be examined and tried by military authorities. No privileges or advantages whatsoever will be granted those who do not, declare their allegiance to the United States Go J vernment, acting in good faith according to that declaration. This order will be published to the en? tire command. By order of A. S HARTWELL, Brevet Brig. Gen. Official: Gio. F. MCKAY, lat Lieut, and A. A. A. G. lune 0 Headq'rs United States Forces, CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C., MAY 27, 18G5. GENERAL ORDERS KO 4. IN order to prevent aoy disturbance which miiv ?rise from the improper use of in? toxicating liquors, it is hereby ordered that, for the present, no intoxicating li? quors will be sold or given away to any citizen or soldier, unless permission is granted from these headquarters. Any one found guilty of disobeying.tlm order, will not only have his goods confiscated, but will be subject to punishment by mili? tary law. By command of Lieut. Col. NT. HAUCHTON, Commanding Post. "VT. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th 0. V. V. 1. and Post Adjutant. may 2V Headq'rs United States Forces, - CITY OF COLUMBIA, 3. C., MAY 'll, 1S65. GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3. A LL citizens having in their possession any property that rightfully belongs to the United States Government, accord? ing to the terms of surrender of Cen. Jos. E.\John?tou, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher? man, U. S. A., will immediately report the saine to these headquarters. Persons having nuiles, horses and wa? gons, will, for the present, be permitted to retain the same for tho purpose of carry? ing on their work. Any person failing to comply with this order within a reasona? ble time, will not only be deprived of any farther use of said property, but will also subject themselves to punishment by mili tary authority. Bv command of * N. HAUGHTON. . Lieut. Col. 25th O. V. V., Com'dg City of Columbia, S. C. W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th 0. V. V. I. and Post Adjutant. may 29 Headq'rs United States Forces, CITY OF COLUMBIA, S- C.. MAY 27. 1865. GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2. INFORMATION having been received at th .-so headquarters of the existence of armed band? of marauders infesting th? country and committiug depredations on the property of peaceful citizens, it is hereby ordered that, all persons composing such will be considered and treated as outlaws, and if caught, will receive the severest punishment ot military law. The United States .Government is desir? ous of protecting all peaceful and law abiding citizens, and they will confer a favor ou these headquarters, and do justice to themselves, by giving any information they may have iti their possession respect? ing thc names and movements of such bands, and, if possible, aiding in th*ir captur4| The time has arrived wheD it -behooves every citizen to do all in his power to assist the military forces of the United States to restore peace and harmony throughout the land. By order of Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON. 25th O. V. V. ?., Coni'dg'U. 9. Forces, Ciiy of Columbia. W. J. Kv LE, 2d Lieut. 25th 0. V". V. I. and Post Adjutant. may 29 Headquarters, Northern District, DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH, CnAULESTOS, S. C., April 25, 1865. Circular io PUnlcrs, etti. NUMEROUS applications have been made to mc for information as to the policy td bc adopted on the subject of labor. All can understand the importance of making a crop the present season, and foresee the misery and suffering consequent upon its tail ur?-. In thc present unsettled state of tho country, and in the absence of any Tf-eog niz??d Stute authorities, I lind it my duty to assume control of thc plantations near the militaiy lines, and order as follows: 1st. The planters, after taking the oath of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen (lately their slaves) and inform them that they ?re free, and that henceforth they must depeud upon their own exertions tor their support. 2d. Equitable contracts in writing wi ii be made by the owners of the land with the freedmen for the cultivation of thc land during thc present year. Payment will be made in kind, and the allowinee of one half thc crop is recom? mended as fair compensation for the labor, the landlord furnishing subsistence until the crop is gathered. Thes? contracts will he submitted to the nearest military or naval commander for approval and endorsement. "When the above requirements are com? plied with, protection will be granted aa far as militaiy necessity will allow; but where no cont ract is made, the cr->p raised will be considered forfeited for the use of the laborers. Should the owners refuse to cultivate if, they*wili be considered as en? deavoring to embarrass the Goverumont, and the land will be used for colonies of the freedmen from the interior. JOHN P. HATCH, June 1 Br g. Gez- Commanding.