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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43. THE COLUMBIA PHOJNTX, rC8?i?ltED TiAILY, KXCEIT BUN HAT, BY JULIAN A. SELBY. TERMS-IN AD VANCE. SUBSCttlPTION. Six monUiB, $5 On?? mouth, - -, . - - 1 ADVERTISING. Oue square, (ten linea,) one time, 50ct? Subsequent, insertions. - 35 cts Special notices ten cents per line. Governor Holden's Proclamation. In our paper of yesterday we gave ; a summary of the mandatory portions of Gov. Holden', proclamation, for the purpose of re establishing the govern? ment of North Carolina. Wc proceed now to give the e-hortatory portions addressed severally to the two disses of the people, the whites firs! and the j blacks next: And now, as Provisional Governor of the Slate, I invite the loyal people thereof to resume with cheerfulness, and with confidence tn the future, their accustomed pursuits; and I invite those who have been driven from the State, bv despotic power, to return; assuring . ai! loyal citizens of the State that they will be protected in their persons and propertv, and encouraged in their ex? ertions io improve tlftir condition. I also exhort them not to cease to take tin interest in public affairs, but to unite with inc in the purpose to recon? struct the State Government through the aid of loyal citizens; and to be vigilant and active in discouraging dis- j loyal sentiments, and in ensurin. the ! election ut known friends'of the \" ede- i ral Go vertuneu t to every office. Your experience, fellow citizens, during the rebellion should attach yon by the strongest ties to tho Government of the United States. You have just . been delivered by the armies of tho Union from one of tho most corrupt and rigorous despotisms that ever existed ?D the world. Many of you have been throed, tor opinion's sake, and because of your love for the flair ol your fathers to fly bom the land of your birth or of your adoption, and peek refuge among strangers, to escape the hand of arbitrary power. Many of you have been torn from your homes, or humed down like wild beast? in thc forest, and forced into the rebel annies as conscri its, to fi^lit for the continued enslavement of the co- ! . lored race, and aiso for a state of j slavery for yourselves 'and your chil? dren. Some of you have been sub? jected to imprisonment and tortures on account of your opinion?; au_ all. of you have been deprived for years, r.p to a recent period, of freedom of sp ech and of the press, and uf every essential guarantee of liberty and of protection ito person and property, which is contained in the Constitution of the United States. You aro once more free citizens of the United States. By your sufferings in th? past, and by your hopesfor the" future, I adjure you to guard well your freedom. Remem? ber that all that you have, and all you . can hope to be, and all of good that is in reserve for your children, are indis? solubly bound up with the American Union. The 'unity of government, which constitutes us ono -people,' should be more dear to us than ever, on account of the sufferings through which we have passed. lu the lan? guage of Washington, 'it is of infinite moment that you should properly estimate the immense value of your National Union to your collective and individual happiness; that you should cherish a cordial, habitual, and immo? vable attachment to it; accustoming yourselves to think and to speak of it as the palladium of your political safety .Mid prosperity, watching for ils pre? servation with jealous anxiety; dis countenancing whatever may suggest even ?. suspicion that :.t can in ar;v every attempt to alienate one portion i of our country from the rest or to en feeble tho sacred ties which now link j together the various parish To the colored people of the State I would say, you aro now free. Pro* vidence has willed that the very means adopted to render your "servitude per? petual, should bc His instruments for releasing you from bondage. It now remains for you, aided as you will be by the superior . intelligence of- the white race, and cheered by the sym? pathies.'^ all good people, to decide whether the freedom thus suddenly bestowed upon yon, will be a blessing to you or a source of injury. Your race has been depressed by your con ditton of slavery, and by the legislation of your former masters, for two hun? dred years. It is' not to be expected that you can comprehend and appro ciate as they shoulH be comprehended and appreciated by a ??If governing people, the*visij provisions and limita? tions of constitutions and laws; or that you cnn now have that knowledge of public affaira which is necessary to qualify you to discharge all the duties uf tho citizen. No people has ever yet bounded ?it once into the full on joyrnent of the t igdit ot sell government. But you ure free in common with si 1 our. people, and y ?io ha>e the same right, regul ted Iv,- la v, that others have, to enter* upon the pursuit of prosperity-and happiness. You should henceforth sacredly e"bserve the mar? riage relation, and you should provide for your offspring. You can now not j only learn to re.iA yourselves, :;s some of you have been able to do hereto? fore, but you can instruct others, and procure instruction from others fer yourselves and your children, without fe*ar of punishment. But. to be pros? p?rons and happy you must labor. oot morely w$?en you feel like it, or for a scanty support, but industriously and 8teadi!_ .. a view to making aqd laying i.. -omething for yourselves and your .unilies. If you are idle you will become vicious and worth'..---; if vicious and worthless, you will have no friends, and will at lust perish. 'In the sweat of thy face shall, thou eat bread *all the flays of thy life.' The same Providence that hrts^be stowed freedom upon yon. hus 'told you that diligence tn business is re? quired of all his creatures; and yon cannot expect that your rac j wili escapo ultimate extinction, if yoYj wilfully violate or disregard this, one j of His great commands. Free ion: ! does not mean that otto reay do ns hf I pie -ses, but that every one may, by ! industry, frugality, and temperance improve his condition and enjoy tia fruits of his own labors, so long a's hi i obeys the laws. I have no prejudice I against \ ou. On tba contrary, whili I am a white mrn, and while my Io ! is with my own color, yet Irympathizi with yon asjthe weaker race; and ' I cannot forget that during- the robellioi I many ol" you fought .lor the prefer I vation of the Union, and, that thosi of you who remained at home in tin thea slaveholding States-, were,, for tin most, part, docile and faithful, ?:i< made no attempt by force of anns ti gain even their own freedom. I wi I see to it as far as I can, that you hav I your liberty; thai you are protected ii j your property ariel lier soii:>; and tba j you aie paid your wages. But, on the other hand, I will se j my face against those of you who ar idle and dissipated, and prompt pur ishment will bo inflicted lor an breach of the peace or violation c law. In fine, I will be your'friend a long as you are true tn yourselve and obedient io the laws, and as lor. as you shall labor, no matter bo' .feebly, if honestly and earnestly, t j improve your condition. It ts nj j duty, as far as I may, to fernier lit I Government 'a terror to evil doers, an I a r::?ise ;o them that do well;'-an j thia I will endeavor to .do in rein:ie to thc tthole people ot* thc Stale ? f North Carolina, 'without fear, favo or affection, reward, or, the hope of reward.* And now, 'with charity for all, with malice towards none,' I enter upon tho discharge of the- duties assigned mo by tho President, earnestly and ? solemnly invoking the good people of the State I'- *id mo in the work of reconstructing the Government, and in restoring thc Stute to the protection, benefi'8, and blessings of the Union. .Done at our City ot Raleigh, the 12th day of June, in the year of our Lord one thous:i;id eight hundred and sixty-five, aim in the S9lh your of American Independence. WILLIAM W. HOLDEN, . Provisional Governor. ! By the Governor: Jos. W. HOLOEN, j Private Secretary. * j lt. is said that Ferd VThcalre-Uieseene j of President Lincoln's assassination-has j I cen purchased by a society of Congrega? tionalist*, and will speedily be converted into a house of worship. KR. HENRY TIMROD \"friLL open, on NV KDE ESDAY, thr 5th '? duly, at hi? residence in Richland street,, (between Dull and Marion,) a DAY SCHOOL FOR ROYS, m which the Ancient Language-, French and the uau&l English Branches will be taught. June Iii .Keadq'rs Novtherri District Bepax-t ment of the South. COLUMBIA. S. C., JUNK 27, 1805. GENERA I, ORDERS NO. ON and alter tin- d ile ot" this order, ail tek-eraph linns in th itt District ore placed under the control of the military authority. Any telegraph operator failing to give -precedence to military over civil de? spatches, both in receiving and transmit? ting the panie, will lie considered guilty of military misdemeanor, mid . puuiphed by sentence />f a niilitaay court, or at the discretion of t ie. neurea! military com? mander. Rv command of Bf_V?i _faj. Con. J. P. H A.TOII. fSi_nei\) LEON A ET) Ii. PERRY. June _S 1.". Ass'L Adj utan I General. Headquarters United States Forces CI?Y OF COLUMBIA. S. C., .TmcE '27, 18fi5. GENERAL ORDERS NO. S. 4 LL permits issued from th eec hend JLJL. quarters, in neeordanee with Genera) Orders No. -t. tc s-11 intoxicating liquora to citizens by the IM nie or otherwise, are hereby revoked, an-' nil pales of such liquors are strictly prohibited, ex?-ept. npoa certificate* of necessity from regleeta hie Burgeon? or physicians and special permis? sion from these headquarters. This mea- : sure has hern rendered necessary by the con>?ant u!>i:.-e "t tba privilege heretofore granted li.ivor sellers, many of them hav incr repeatedly violated the order forbid? ding 'he sale of liquor to enlisted men the United Stales army, as well as io ni> groes and citizens of a disreputable cha- | t acter. liv order ot Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON, 25th <>. V. V. !.. Commd'g PosL' Jons WALTON, 1'ost Adjutant. June 2S fi Headq'rs 1st Provisional Pritradc, COLUMBIA. S. C..*'L?uc 22, 18r>5. GENERAL ORDER NO. -. IALL persons having in their rSbasea . sion any property formerly helong?ng to thc Confederate or-State Government, or any persons knowing the location of any such properly, will forthwith report the eauioj Villi an exact statement ?nd inventory, to tho wanman ling officer here; inning to do which, they will incur thc extreme penalty of tl"' law. IL No tux of ?ny description is to br collected b> or paid to any officer not an nouiieed ny the United Sj.at.vs authorities.* Persons.bavin cr '.?aid such laxes since thc occupation of thia pince by Governrpeic will report tue annie to thc commanding of?icer. III. All persons desiring to op?->n trade, or already having done so. in thia city, will report to the.Act. A?s"t Provost Mar? shal, and receive their licenses from the Provost Marshal here. No intoxicating beverage of any kind will bc sold to any enlisted mon. I V. A tax of orn'(l) per cent, will bo paid to I ho Provost Marshal on al! eales of j iiqnor, lo bo accounted for by him to the j Ase't Provost Marshal of tue "-Brigade, for I disposal by i'ost Council cf Administra? tion. . V. Any person rcinaing ?n receive United State? money at par value will be at once Arrested and tried for disloyalty. By order of A S HAftT**VB? .E.* ""-rev?; iSrigadier Q r.e.-..' INMEDIATELY, a GOOD WHEEL? WRIGHT. Such a one oan find nte?dy employment, ead good wages hy applying at. this ollie e. .Turfts ?7 \ I' For Sale, AN B-HORSE POWER STEAK Eli . GI NE. I GAURI AGE, in pood repair. 1 WEAVING LOOM and RP.EE. Ap. ply at. thia office. June '.'.*". rn xui TIN-WARE. r|^HE undersigned offers for salo a full JL assortment of TIN^W ARE, consisting i*j part of Buckets, Parp, Waah Basins, Funneli?. Dippers, Coffee Pots, Cupp Twm blere. Tea Pols. Candle Moulds, Measures. A-e. Stoic on corner of Henderson and Taylor streets. C. TROY. .Tune 28 \vs2* General Commission Agency. 1J B. GLASS re'speclfully ad vcr! ines . the public 'lat be is prepared todo ?i GENERAL COMMISSION BUSINESS, ar:d invites consignments of all kinds of Merchandize, Manufactures, Produce, .to He xviii attend to tLe purchase or sale of Kcal Estate. Stocks, ?tc. Office and sales? room on Plain sireet, between Bull and Pickles, .tune gt) ffi* Headq'rs Drited States Forces, (..ITV OF COLUMBIA, S. lt., JUNK ?8, lS'ifi. QEbERAL ORDERS \'0. 7 IN accordance with instructions from Brigade Headquarteia, the gentlemen fi'-rtiierly composing the Boatd of Mayor ar.d Conn of this city, are hereby sp pointed a Relief Committee," for the purrwe <>f continuing the performance of tlieir-dutiea iu relieving the poor and aup Hyiug the city with fresh water and other raecesss-ies. Their actions will bo under the superintendence id" the. military Com? mandant of tho Poot. Suet) tuxes uc have beea assessed \*y them are hereby ord. red Ui bc paid to thc Post Commandant, to bo disposed of, not foi the payment of pre? vious'debts, but for the immediate .relief ot the need}-, through the agency of this '-Committee." .Ky ord'-r of LIUUT (oi. IN. h ACC.;: TON, 26th O. V. V. !.. ('..rftrf'g Post .lons WALTON, Lieut, and Post Adj't. June 2t? 6 S ASE ~ INDUCFMENTS ' rpHE DAILY SEWS! published nt ,1 Winnsboro. S. C., offers GREAT IN DU CEMENTS to the merchant* of Colom? bia lis au advertising medium between Illaro aud thc merchant* of Winnsboro. Tile merchants o? Winn t?o-o arc. in n <>re:it meapute. dependent upon thc mer elia nts of Columbia for their anpplics; and u s lo their ul vaya knowing what supplies Ibo merchants of Columbia haye on hand, tlie NEWS offers thc inducement o? ?, me (I i um between them. All advertisements left, at the Phoenix Office for publication in the NEWS, will, ns soon aa practicable, appear in Winns? boro, when the merchants of Winnsboro (mi always sec what, attract ions the m-.?r ellam? of Columbia offci them for pur- ban? ing their commodities. Advcrti-eincnts will bc inserted .".I (for a soplare o? eight, lines or I* s) fifty cents for the find, and thirty-five cents (br each' ecibsequent publication, ir.variablv in ad v mice. AU communications left af. the Phoenix Office will bc promptly attended to. Ad v er! if .erm nt? cnn also br forwarder"! per l?xpreas, und in each case mnsl bc accom panted with the money. Advertisements viii be inserted to thc valar- of themoney ser>t. Addrer.3 J. E?BRITTON, IMitor and Prop'r "The Daily News," .tune 2'-'- j'> Winnsboro, S. C. THE TER"MS OF PARBON PriEdarrtai ion by the President o? tho United Gtates of America. Whereas the President of the United States, on the Sth day of December. A. D and on ih<- ?ot?i day of March. A. I). ]s.)t. with the object to suppress thc ex? isting rebellion, to induce al! person? to return to their loyalty and to restore the authority of the Punted States, icsuc pro ? c?atnations ofleriiig amnesty and |>ardon to certain persons who had, directly or hy implication, participated in the said rebel? lion; and whereas many person*;, who had ? e.? engaged in said rebellion, have, :;incc j the issuance of said proclamation, failed I or neglected to take thc ber. o ti ts offered j thereby; aed whereas many persone, whi I Luve been justly deprived of all claim :. j amnesty r.-id pardoo tber< nv. by r< a.- -i j o', their participation, directly or by im? plication, in said rc,hel'i<-i and continued I hcyt-ilitv to'ihe Government of th. ?.Tmt<" j states ??noe thc d-?to n '-aid -cc'. ; V cr. j 7 :vi .":.-sirc *,n app'v A-.- a:--'. . eta!:. *..:...it Ityw.-d po/dc: ' ' 1 ?thc "nd, Ujcri .c.-. < ? >. tl r mth.'viM of thc Govern?: Ant of Gie Uni ceo cA^.ir I ID ly be restored, .iud t?..'. peav?, urdu ?nd ,, ! freedom mar be esta' -shed, I. Ar-drew I Johnson, President ..' th T". :(".. Stale'', do proclaim sud J. d.*.-r i hereby grant to ?li p.arsons who ' r . 'Ir. .*...:_. or i indirectly partie-d i**. ,'.e rebellion, except '.s lie rei*.: ai! cr excepted, I amnesty and p.ird-.?r, ,T:,h restoration "f ' a!! rights of pre- c; ty e . ?1 - to .t, and except in ea-.M where ' rv.', proceed - ? lugs, under thc Lt wa ot* tho T*n':'.-d Statc?i I providing fo; the '.'?nitt'catioR ff property ; of^persous ongwrt-d ir rel'el!i'c#fi, have been i instituted, bi*ton tb* condition, ne vert-he - I \ ? V, !hat every such person sin: i taue and ! subscribe th-- following oath or "tirraa I lion, .inri thenceforward keep -md mair. tain r,M?d ont.h inviolate, and which CH th sh ill be reg.*, tered for permanent pr?-rer vatim:, and ?hall be of the tenor and ?*fiict, I following, to wit: I I, -. - . -, do tjolemnlv swar 01 I affirm, in presence ot" Aitnighiy '.-uo. that 1 will henceforth faithlnil^ support, and I defend the Constitutum ??1 thc Untied j Si ates and the Union of th* .-.1 sics til ere uniter, and t.hnt f will in 1 *."c magner abide hy and faithfully Support i-.il ]::?:< ^ ??n.i proclamations which have bern nt ad? during the existing 1 ?bellica with refer? ence to the emancipation of slaver. o-"> help mc God The following t.lat.;; of persona aro empted from the benefits of thie procla? mation' 1st. All who are. cr shall' Lave bren, pretended ovid or diplomatic otlicere or otherwise, domestic or foreign a;y r.t . of tho pretended Confederate Goveviim??i? 'id. All who left judicial tltutioii? nadir the United Stater to's-.d in the rebellion 3d. All who i?hal! have been military or naval officers of ^-aid pretended Con fed? rate Government, abc ve the rank of colonel iu the army or lteuteuunt in the navy. ?1t.h. AU who left seats ii the* Con gr(*?..?.. of the United Stute.- lo .'.id the rebellion nth. All v. ho resigned or tendered rcug nations of t.heir commissions iu the army or navy of ibe United, Stat a-to ev?d. duty in i-i-nihting thc rebellion. f?tli. All who have engaged in any .**"#> in treating otherwise thar- ' awf*-.'-,'- a.t pi***. Monere of w?r persona f.<*,.!,.; ir. t!i? United S?nico service, ns officers, t-oldiers, son***! n 01 -in other capacities. .'th A?! pcrs.onn who ha*ee been or ,r" absentees irotn the rjni'eo States f-r tho purpose cl aiding the rebellion 8lh. All military and naval .?..'.'.. <*?r, i the rebe! service who were educated bv tho Government in the Military Academy ?I West Point or the United State?. Naval Academy. OUi AU p.T.onn who he'd the pretended office.-' ol' Governor of States iu i nat: ITO tien against the United States. 10th. All persons v.*ho left their home within the jurisdiction sud proteet?o? o' the Ceiled States, and pa . vd beyond Cv Federal military into the so-e.-tlied I Confederate State for ib-e pr?rp?>?e of aid I ing the rebellion Ht-h. Ali person*; who have Iv,--.' on gie-oM in the destruction of th? crniniuro?* of i.he United States"ttpon the high sen? ard who have i::**:dc rrd?*?."* into ihc United States from Canad:!, or been etigatxed in der troy tnt; the oon*f*tneTce of the Unit?! .State. up?ii the lakcti and rivera that, nepi rate the British provitjees troui the Untied States. 12th. All pcrsuns w'no. at, the tim?: when they seek to obtain the ben orita hereof by taking the oath her*in prescribed, are m military, naval or civil conBceinont 01 custody, or under bonds of the. civil, unit ti?ry or naval autuorities ol agents of the. United States, aa prisoners of war or pei I artus detained for offence:* of any kind, .:ither before or alter conviction. Cub. Al! persona who have voluntarily I participated in said rebellion, and the et>t.i . mated valu.- bf whose taxable property ia over twenty thousands-dollar:-1. 1 1th. All persons who have taken tho. oath ol" amnesty as prescribed in the Pre j sident'e proelamation of December 8, A. I>. ''.''-'??, or an oath of alegiauce ?to th-* Govornment of the UniledlSiales ni?ee the dite of said proclamation, and who have not thenceforward k-pt and maintained tho same inviolate. Provided, that apecial application may be made to the. President for p?trJon by anv person belonging to the -xcepted classes, and such clemency will be libe rally extended as may be consistent with the faets o! the ease and the pease ami dignity of tho United States. Th? Secretary ?>f ""'?tafe will establish rules ard regulations for administering&?| ' recording the said amnesty oath, 00 ai? to insure its benefit Lo the people aud guai*d I thc Government against fraud. In testimony v.beivnf, ? have hereunto set ' my band and e<ui-*ed the seal of the I United States to be affixed. i Done at the city of Washington, the J3-I*. I day of MPV, in tue yeai of oiir Lord 1 18-55, and of the independence of tli? ! United States the e.r.h: 1 ?lintS I ' \"V')itt;"v ;ob ? : iv. billie .'!