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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
Tf?E COLUMBIA PHONTX, j
ruBLianEi? DAILI^, EXCEIT SUSUAY,
BY JULIAN A.. SELBY.
Six.months, ' - - - . $5 '
Orre mouth, - 1
One square,(ten lines,)oce time, 50ct?
Subsequent insertions. - 35 cts
Specie) notice? ten cents per line.
Dead of South Carolina.
"We make tim following, mournful
record of the deaths of South Caro?
lina soldiers and citizens while in
prison afc Hart's Island, New York,
The catalogue is furnished by B. T.
Eastman, the army agent of the Ame?
rican Tract Society. Relatives and
friends who seek the knowledge of
long missing dear ones will do weil to
examine this record:
E. M. Jowers, 17th Regiment, Co.
A, died April I3lh; R. J. Campbell,
4tb Battfillibn Light Artillery, Co. C,
died April 19th; E. VV. Wilbaak, 12th
Regiment, Infantry, Co. K, died April
19th; Tiios. Goodia, Hth, Infantry,
Co. EV, died April 23d; L. L. Lanena
ter, 14th, Militia, Cq. B, died April
17th; T. E. Still, 14th. Militia, Co. B,
died April 2S'h; E. W. Barwiek, ifftt
Militia, Co. C, died April 23<i; J. M
Hatto. (Cr ra ham's Turu Oat, Baruwel
District,) 14th, Militia, Co. C, die<
April 27th; John M Tris. 14th, Militia
Co. A, died April 20th; J. A. Born
14th, Militia, Co. E, died April 2S:h
A. Strpman, 14th, Militia, Co. E. die
April 29th; Wm. Tilly, 14th, Militia
Co. D, Hied Apr:' 23d; Jos. Yuung
seuger, 15th, Militia, Co. BT, die?.
April 29th; Patrick Conner, 1st. Ar
?.:l!ery, Co. F. dbd April 27th; J. I!
Hall. (Walhalla,) 1st, Hilles, Co. C
died April 28th; S. Cri tn, (citizen o
Sou'yh Carolina.) died April ??8tb
.Harvey B. Howell, citizen, died Apri
25th; John Traxter, 13th, Militia, Cc
A, died May 2d; H. H. Tindall, 5th
Cavalry, Co. I, Hied May 2d; J. H
Myer. 1ST, Artillery, Co. F, died Ma;
'1 .; James Kemp, (irh, Cavalry. Ca
A, "died May 5th; J.J Brown, Jeffer
Creek, 6th, Cavalry, Co. ?. died Ma;
5th; D. M. Slider, 14th, Militia, Cc
E, died May 5th; Elisha Caramel, 14th
Militia, Co. A, died M iv 6tb; Isaa
Still, 14'h, Militia, Co. A, died Ma
16th: N M Conrad, 14th, Milton, Ci
B. died May lOt'n; J. Drummond
14 h. Militia, Co. B, died may 2lsi
W. K- Rast, I4tb, Militia, Co. C, diei
mav 14th; G. B. Storm, 14th, milton
Co'D, died may 17th; O. M. Mathis
14th, militia, Co. G,-die l may 16th
Jamos Moris, 14tb, militia, Co II
died n i ay 1 Ith; A. M. Choisy, 'Mario
Artillery, died mav Sib; Francis A
Wayne, 7th, Co. L, died may Uti
Ranford D. Vam, militia. Cc. Iv, die
may ll th; Je-se L. Snow, ls,t, Co. I
died may 10th; A: jus Morrison, 1-,
Co. A, died may WBih; Jacob Hollins
faejd, 1st, Co. <r, died may 8th; Jam?
Parker, 1st, Co. F, died may 15;1
Robert Caramel, 1st, Co. II, died ma
18th; Timothy Carter, 1st, Co II. die
may 19th; R. N. Kay, 1st, Co. I
died may 20th; J. R. Glover, 1st, C
C, died may 2Uth; - Bonghman, 1>
Co. C, died may 21st; J. O. Bear
1st, Co. A, died may 23d; M. ?. Joh
son, Thomas' Cress Roads, Dar!:, gk
District, 1st, Co. A, died may 241
El juli CovinctcD, Marlboro P. 0.,Gi
ROU'S Store. N. C., 1st, militia, Co. !
died may 24; J. linges, 1st, minti
Co. I, died May 23:h; A. Inahut, li
militia, Co. A, died may 29'-h; St
' pben Tedder, 3V1, militia, Co. *G, di'
may lOlhf W. T. Burnett, 13th, ci
airy, Co. Eddied may ll tb; Jas. .
Davis, 7th, infantry, Co. K. died tn
11th; J. W. JuwerF, 23.1, infantry, C
A, died may 29th; Clark Tidwel?, G
Guard, died may 11th; T. B. Tow
Orr's Rifles, Co. A, died may 17)
W. S. Wanetaaker, citizen, diod ra
lit!'; W. Shaver, dlizcu cf Columr
died may 13tb; John Calvert, citizen
i of Charleston, died may 31st; H. B.
Templeton, 14th, militia, Co. B, died
I June 1st; L. D. Dubbard, 14th, militia,
j Go. E, died June 1st; Lewis M. Debar,
j 14th, militia; Si'as Griffin,"14th, mi-!
j litia; Jas. N. Glasgow. 14th, militia,
I died Juno 13th; John 'L. Farmer, 1st,
j militia; John Freeman, 1st, militia,
diod Juno "7th; Martin' Otts, 1st, mi?
litia; E. J. Harris, Edgefield District,
(5th, Reserves, Co. D; Henry Strick?
land, Cberaw, 26th, Co. D; Kev. Wm.
Forr'e, citizen, Ormigeburg; Wm. F.
Lelioacb, citizen; James Luudy, 1st,
Artillery, died June lGth; Charles M.
I Grant, Cherawr infantry, died June
j 17th; John W. Poor, 1st, artillery,
j died June 18th; Charles C. Henley,
! 14th, infantry, died June 19th.
j The.ia have all been interred in
: Cypress Hill Cemetery, on Long
I Tho Southern Negroes and the South
j ern Whites.?Things to ba done for
the Protection of Both.
j Tho white inhabitants of the South
? are our fellow-countrymen as . well as
! the negroes; ami, on the winde, wo
have as much reason to feel proud of
! them tis of the blacks. Their valor,
i enerby, pride, constancy and public
I spirit ?o nu discrudii to tho American
j In dealing with the negro quest iou.
j which ts tho great question of the
time.it is fair to consider thc iuteri sts
i of both race-?. Indeed, th? interests
; of the two. rightfully viewed, are iu
I separable. W hatever tends to the
j fcccurity^and prosperity of o.io tends
! equally to the security and prosperity
J of tho other. It is thc duty of tho
i Government to regard their interests
j not as conflicting but identical.. The
i Southern whites have l een ?lavehold
j ers; hut they, acquiesce in tho fact that
j they can be slaveholders no Ioug^r.
and with regard to the guilt of past
slavery, we of the North are probably
just as guilty as they. At all events,
j this was the opinion of the late Presi
. dent Lincoln. In his message to Con?
gress, iii December, 1302, Mr. Lincoln
j declared: aLl ? noue the le>s true for
hav. r<r been often said, that the peopla
of the South are not nnrd responsible
for the introduction of this property
than the people of the North; and
when it is remembered how unhesita?
tingly wo all use cotton and sugar,
and sharo the profits of dealing in
them, it may-not bo quite salo to say
that tito South has been more respon?
sible than the North for its continu?
We do not draw :I?e samo inference
from this viow of tho subject, which
wag drawn by president Lincoln; for
we realize that, since 1862, the couti
try has passsed into a new epoch.
Mr. Lincoln's conclusion was: "If,
then, for a common object, this pro?
perty is to be saciiliced, is it Dot just
that it be doue at a common charge?"
Tho two thousand millions since spent
had much better been expended in
thjs wa)' than in fratricidal war. But
the South willed otherwise, and has
lost both her slaves and the proffered
But still, there is an equity fairly
resulting from the view of Mr. Lin
coin's, which ought not to be wholly
lost jj) dealing with this great social
and industrial revolution. While un
compensated emancipation must be
insisied on> as a cons?quence of the
protracted resistance of the South, it
is our clear duty, in al' other'things,
to consult the interest of both races,
and seek their joint prosperity. There
ia no justice in leaving decrepit ?dd
ago and helpless infancy to starve; nor.
on the other hand, is there justice in
j requiring the Southern land holders t.
I support them when the working
j negroes havo run away? Wo ow;
i kindness and protection to the oman
j cipated because they arc free by oi
i act; plunged hy us into miseries thej
j could not provide against. But tb<
I Federal Government cannot snppor
them, nor can it, without the grossest
violation of justice, require the South?
ern whites to do it. The whole sub
ject of the relations of poverty to !
property in the South, should be at j
once regulated by rules having the j
force and permanence of laws. j
lt is perhaps easier to say what
ought to i c done than to point out the j
precise way of doing it. If MIK milt |
tary authorities would come tv) a corn- j
mon understanding with leading citi-j
Zens in each Stale, in devising a system j
of rules so fair, equitable, and suited j
lo tho circumstances, that the reeon- j
structed State Governments would be j
likely to adopt them, it would bo a ;
great advantage to bot ii races. Among
the things requiring immediate atten- !
; tion throughout :he South are:
: 1. A System of IVegro Apprentice- \
\ ship.-Tile mot! or of minor children !
is of coarse k;i >wn, and probably is. '
j in most cases, found on the same pian j
: tntiori with them, although instances j
I of separation ai o 'numerous. The j
! paternity is moro doubtful. In cases I
j where both parents are known, and |
j able-bodied, there ought to be regula- j
i tiona making their supper1; of their j
I offspring compulsory. But lhere will j
1 be lens o' thousands of cases, al! iver :
; the South, where, .'rom uncertain pa- :
ternity. inability ut find work, vagran- !
: cy, idleness, or vic?, this will ni l be j
! done, lit-neo ihe "'eat magnitude of;
j the question fe o iv minors are to be,'
i provided for rrvi brought up. There !
1 ought to bc \!-s'eJ i:i local public
j officers authoritv t<> bind ihem out tili
I they become of ag ?.?. lt is to be pro
j sumed that verv young children will,
'? by the time they ar? I'v,..,;0np, earn
I enough !o pay ?or 'heir bringing u\>.
'anda rudimentary ? luca;io--. Minor.- |
i in their teens, who are indentured to j
do farm work, otitjiit io hive a little 1
ou int on' corn tag ?.? ngv, mechanics' j
would bo suffieientiy compensated by j
the knowledge of r; good trade, lt is j
clear that one ?.d the moat urgent
needs of the Soul!) is authority to ;
m-ake permanent equitable arrange? j
meuts for the support and education of
nv^ro children au-1 youth. But no
children should ba bound as appren- j
tices without th? consent of their j
parents, uni.-ss-tlx; parents fail to sup- j
port them. The S nth also needs: j
2. Equitable Regulations for thc j
Support of the Poor. - Besides minors,
there will be host of helpless colored j
people needing the protection of the f
community. Tho sick, infirm and j
aged, must not? be abandoned; and
there is no justice in leaving them to ;
tho mero charity of thc white families i
in which th-.'/form-riv lived. Over-!
beers of the poor b ving tue care of i
this class need to be intrusted with a '
large discieii Many wll be capa- i
ble of partially earning their living, |
whether they shall be .onion ] with
planters who will take their .s.o-vicen j
in part pay for their subsistence, or be j
maintained in workhouses and other:
institutions, those having the supervi- j
sion of them will, in either case, have
a wide field Cir the exercise or vigi?
lance, judgment and humanity. An?
other watit of t!je. South is:
3. Proper Regulations Against
Vagrancy. - in carrying out any sys?
tem for rile support of the poor, it is
just that eaelj locality shall bear its
proportion, and no more thnn its pro
portion,-of ibo binden, lhere should
be reu stein for ascertaining the donn?
ed of the negroes, and. on a change of j
domicil, a resilience of a stated time !
should be requisite to enable them to j
obtain parish relief. It is (lear that j
regulations of home kind ought to be j
adopted tor preventing particular !
localities being burdened with swarms
of vagrants who might flock chere I
from other places, e;'en if such regti j
lations should . pirate ns a restraint on
negro lo -emotion.
The necessity aa 1 urgency of what !
we have herc insisted on is so obvious I
as to admit, cf r.o dispute; hut there
???as-yci.no evidence that thc Gov* '
eminent has bestowed on the matter
any* attention. There is indeed no
possibility of useful action without the
concurrence of local opinion; and in
the progress of this experiment the
Jboderal power will learn bow utterly
inadequate it is to govern the country i
without the assistance of thc local au- |
thorities. The present strong tenccucv ?
toward centralization will receive ?ts \
strongest check in tho demonstrated i
incompetency of the Federal Govern?
ment to manage ?. ct! affairs.
* [ .Vt i; York World.
IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO.-A red
port highly important, if true, regard!
ing Mexican affairs come? from Mata
moras under date of the 15th instant. I
It is said that President Juarez had j
been co'oipelied to il v from Chihuahua, '
his capital, and that that place had
.been occupied by lite imperial troops. :
It is reported that the soldiers of the j
late Confederate armies ot the South j
were flocking to the imperial-standard, j
and that ten thousand of them were to I
go to Sonora under ex-United States !
Senator (J winn, who, it was still con- :
fidently asserted, would succeed in his !
projects for colonizing the .Northern 1
Mexican Slates. Titer;.' was ni--o a !
report that Captain Page, ?ate cf the I
Confederate ram Stonewall, was in i
Mexico, trying to ri -gotiate for the j
saie to Maximilian ?.,f the ex Confed- 1
erate cruisers. . ?
I'!NE stock of DRUGS ar.-J MEDI- !
-?.\- CINES just received by
IT. SOLOMON A CO.,
Assembly swed, w".eai, jjfcslov Plain.
.tilly h. *
Cih>e G-.n S-.tp't Wilmini?tou- and '
Manchester RaHfoa? Company,
SUMTER, ??. -bxv a, lSCS. ;
A TRAIN for thc conveyance of pas i
1\. senders and freight is now running j
semi-weekly between Kingsville and G rea*- ?
Pee Dee River; leaving Kingsville eaoh
Monday and Thursday at t? a. m.. and ar?
riving at Pee Dee -ame days at 1.45 |>. m. i
Returning, the train leaves ?Pet Dee at.
i'! - > a. m. eaeli Tuesday and Friday, und
arr \ -* at Kingsville at, ?.27 p. tn. Con- j
nectio.:s ?re made, both coing and return- 1
itig, with trains of the North-eastern Rail- j
r<?.. i and Cheraw end ! >Ar.;ii^to:i Rai,road '?
at Florence. Trips of luis train will ho :
increased to tri-weiikly and dailv, as cou- I
neetions arc opened atid business ?ustifias.
HENRY M. DHAN H.
July 1 C* General Superintendent. .
Headq'rs Northern Pisli-Jct Devait- :
ment of tho South, ~ !
COLUMBIA, s. C., JCN-E 27, 1S65. i
GENERA I ORDERS NO.
ON* and after the Cale of th's order, al:
telegraph lilies ?in this District a;-u
placed under the control of the military j
Any telegraph operator failitie to gire ?
precedence to military over civil de
snatches, both in receiving and Iransniit
ting tiic same, WH'1 l>-- considered j-nilty of i
military misdemeanor, and pt:-, Vi ed by I
seutence of a militaay ojur:. ?>r ut thai
discretion of the acares;, military <. -...- j
mander. Bv command of I
Brevet M?j. den. J. ATC il. I
(Signed.) LEONARD E. PERRY.
June 28 15 Ass't Adjutant General. j
THE TEE?I3 OF PARDON.
Proclamation by tho President of tho | ,
United Statis cf Ameriii.
Whereas the President ?-(' the United ?
States, on the 8th by of December, A. JD,
I8?i?,, and nn the tititli day of Mureil, A. D. '
186-i. with th.: o ;jtci to suppress lae ex- 1
ir-t.i;?'t rebellion, to induce all parsons to : ,
return to their loyalty arid to restore the '?
anth ?rity of the United States, issue pro?
clamations offering amnesty and pardon lo : ,
certain persons who had, directly or by j
implication, participated iii the said rebel-''
hon; and whereas many pci'jons, who had '
so engaged in said rebellion, have, since j.
the issuan-'.e of said proclamation, failed
or neglected to take ti-e. beneftts offered 1
thereby; and whereas mair, person-*, who
.1 -ve b" .1 justly dejm-ived'of ali claim to j
amnesty and thereunder by reason
of their participation, directly by ira- !
plien'.iou, in said rebellion and eon ti uu cd j
hostility to the Government o? the United !
Stites sin :e the date of sa'd pr? cdarnation, |
now desire to applj fe;* and .."'.rain arhneu 1
ty and pardon:
Ti the . nd, therefore, that th? authority
of,t?t?:6oTernmeu.t of thc United StHi*=.!
I may bo restored, and that peace, order ao'j
! freedom may* be established, I, Andrew
! Johnson. President ot tho United :-Uai"o,
j do proclaim and declare lh?t I hereby
I grant to ail persons who have directly or
I iudireclly. participated its thc exiling
rebellion, except as? heVeinafter excepted,
amnesty and pardon, with restoration of
ali rich-e of property, except t,j to slaven,
and except in oases where legal proceed?
ings, under the law-j ot" thc United Staten
providing for the confiscation of property
ot persons engaged in rebellion, have bery
instituted, but ^n the ou;?diti"n, nevertbe .
!.. ;.., that every &uch person shalt take and
subscribe the. following ?jatli ot affirms
t?o?, and thenceforward koop ai d mars
tain said oath inviolate, and w?dci oath
ktihall he registered for ptSrcnnaaiit pr??.*?-.
vatiou, and shall be of tile tenor and tffert
following, to wi":
i.-. ?h.- solemnly swear or
.iff::..., fjreocnee of Almighty God. that. ??
1 wi:I henceforth faithfylii Support ?cd
defend the Constitution of the United
States and tlie Union o?- the States tn"> i?
under, and that I will in like manner
abide by cad faithfully support all law*
and proclamations whi..-h have been made
during the existing rebellion with refer?
ence to thc emancipation of slaves. ?3?
help nie Goo.
The fellowing class of persons ure ex?
empted from thc benefits oi* this procla?
lit. AU wiio arc, or shrill h-re been,
pretended eivil or diploLiro?e o?-cors. ?r
otherwisv', domeatio or fore'sra :%!?-nt.? ot
the p? elended Confederate Government.
.??I- Ali who left judicial station;- <:nd*r
the IJnittd States to ?id in the rebellion.
Sd. Ali who shall liara been militai". ? r
naval officers of said pretended Cor ted ??
rate Government a^ove the rank of colene.'
in Ike army or lieutenant lu the nav ..
4th. All'who left seats ii the Cc-ngree*
of the U. '.ted States to ?id the rebellion.
Stii, All ?w ho resigned or ?er. i< red resin
nations of their commissions in th?? arny
or navy of the L nited States lo et ade duty
in resisting the rebellion.
??tli. Ali who have engaged .u any wsy
in treating otherwise than lawfully aa pr?
son?i s <-t wur persons found i:i the Uat.ed
State.? service, as officers, soldiers, stamen
t*.h. All persons who io-v. h---i ?.r ur*
absentees from the United ht?itt. '. ?.. th*
purpose of aid-Jog lh<*. ..,<.?.,- ?
8til. All military and naval ofae**rs ir
the rebe! service wno were educated by
the Government in tu? Mil: arv Ac.-.demv
at West Point or the United States .Nava?
.9th. Aii persons who heh! the pretended
.jffiecs of Governor of States iu-iusurroc
tion against thc Unite.I Stitt.*.
loth. All persons who. left their homea
within the jurisdiction and protection ct
tiio United State.-, ind pasjed K>youd thu
Federal military iines into the so-eal.hd
Confederate Stute-, foi the purpose of aid?
ing the reb?d nun.
11th. Ali persons who have teen en
gaged in the liestrccti'-a of thc ernnmere?
of thc United States upon the hieh n- a ..
and wh<vb&ve made raids: into thc United
Stilt s from Canada, or been cir'scred io
dt?fltroying the commerce of Tho United
States upon the'lakes and rivers th?i sepa?
rate thc british provinces horn the U:..lcd
I2'Ii. All persans who, at the tin? when
they ?eek to obtain the. benefits Hereof by
taking the oath herein presci med, ure in
military, naval ,..r civil confinement r;r
custody, or under bonds of the civil, mi!:
t-arv or naval authorities o? agents ol' t-lis
Unitea States, prisoners of wari,;- per?
sons detained for offences .-: ar:v kim:,
lither before or alter conviction.
18th. All persons who have voluntarily
participited in said rebellion, ami the esti?
mated value of who: i- taxable property ia
over twenty thousand dollars.
11th. All persona who have taken the
oath of amnesty as prescribed in the Pre?
sident's proclamation of Deceinhiir-8, A.
F). lSG?. or tn oath of alegiauce-to the
G (vernmeut ol' ;he United Idtates tdnoe th?!
date o." sai-J proclamation, and v-t-o hive
not tfu-'ieefo'-vnrd k. pt and maintained
?hr >.,..-, inviolate. .
Prov toed, that special application may
he ?; : i-i to the Presiden* for p inion by
i : y pet? >u he'ongir.g to tim excepted
niasse.-, and . i ?..'tm rey will bc ?be
rally extended as may he consistent with
the facts cf the case . : d- inc peace ai.d
iignity of the Luit id Stat-:3.
Tho Secretary of State will establish
rales and regulations for administering- and
recording the said amnesty prtth, so ns t>?
insure ?ts benefit ty the people and guard
the Government against fraud,
iii testimony whereof, i hav-? heronrjto s? '.. *
my band and caused tba sea! of the
United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of 'iV^ashington. 'he &9th
lay of May, in the year of our J.. -,;
?W5. ?nd ?t'the ind peaoenee cf .>.??
United ai?:;- th- . ??lity-ninlk '
By the Presidouf.i
W:,;."!!. SfewARD, S-"v,;ory .;;a:,.