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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43. Tf?E COLUMBIA PHONTX, j ruBLianEi? DAILI^, EXCEIT SUSUAY, BY JULIAN A.. SELBY. TERMS-IX ADVANCE. BUBSOCU'TIOS. Six.months, ' - - - . $5 ' Orre mouth, - 1 ADVEKTISING. One square,(ten lines,)oce time, 50ct? Subsequent insertions. - 35 cts Specie) notice? ten cents per line. Dead of South Carolina. "We make tim following, mournful record of the deaths of South Caro? lina soldiers and citizens while in prison afc Hart's Island, New York, The catalogue is furnished by B. T. Eastman, the army agent of the Ame? rican Tract Society. Relatives and friends who seek the knowledge of long missing dear ones will do weil to examine this record: E. M. Jowers, 17th Regiment, Co. A, died April I3lh; R. J. Campbell, 4tb Battfillibn Light Artillery, Co. C, died April 19th; E. VV. Wilbaak, 12th Regiment, Infantry, Co. K, died April 19th; Tiios. Goodia, Hth, Infantry, Co. EV, died April 23d; L. L. Lanena ter, 14th, Militia, Cq. B, died April 17th; T. E. Still, 14th. Militia, Co. B, died April 2S'h; E. W. Barwiek, ifftt Militia, Co. C, died April 23<i; J. M Hatto. (Cr ra ham's Turu Oat, Baruwel District,) 14th, Militia, Co. C, die< April 27th; John M Tris. 14th, Militia Co. A, died April 20th; J. A. Born 14th, Militia, Co. E, died April 2S:h A. Strpman, 14th, Militia, Co. E. die April 29th; Wm. Tilly, 14th, Militia Co. D, Hied Apr:' 23d; Jos. Yuung seuger, 15th, Militia, Co. BT, die?. April 29th; Patrick Conner, 1st. Ar ?.:l!ery, Co. F. dbd April 27th; J. I! Hall. (Walhalla,) 1st, Hilles, Co. C died April 28th; S. Cri tn, (citizen o Sou'yh Carolina.) died April ??8tb .Harvey B. Howell, citizen, died Apri 25th; John Traxter, 13th, Militia, Cc A, died May 2d; H. H. Tindall, 5th Cavalry, Co. I, Hied May 2d; J. H Myer. 1ST, Artillery, Co. F, died Ma; '1 .; James Kemp, (irh, Cavalry. Ca A, "died May 5th; J.J Brown, Jeffer Creek, 6th, Cavalry, Co. ?. died Ma; 5th; D. M. Slider, 14th, Militia, Cc E, died May 5th; Elisha Caramel, 14th Militia, Co. A, died M iv 6tb; Isaa Still, 14'h, Militia, Co. A, died Ma 16th: N M Conrad, 14th, Milton, Ci B. died May lOt'n; J. Drummond 14 h. Militia, Co. B, died may 2lsi W. K- Rast, I4tb, Militia, Co. C, diei mav 14th; G. B. Storm, 14th, milton Co'D, died may 17th; O. M. Mathis 14th, militia, Co. G,-die l may 16th Jamos Moris, 14tb, militia, Co II died n i ay 1 Ith; A. M. Choisy, 'Mario Artillery, died mav Sib; Francis A Wayne, 7th, Co. L, died may Uti Ranford D. Vam, militia. Cc. Iv, die may ll th; Je-se L. Snow, ls,t, Co. I died may 10th; A: jus Morrison, 1-, Co. A, died may WBih; Jacob Hollins faejd, 1st, Co. <r, died may 8th; Jam? Parker, 1st, Co. F, died may 15;1 Robert Caramel, 1st, Co. II, died ma 18th; Timothy Carter, 1st, Co II. die may 19th; R. N. Kay, 1st, Co. I died may 20th; J. R. Glover, 1st, C C, died may 2Uth; - Bonghman, 1> Co. C, died may 21st; J. O. Bear 1st, Co. A, died may 23d; M. ?. Joh son, Thomas' Cress Roads, Dar!:, gk District, 1st, Co. A, died may 241 El juli CovinctcD, Marlboro P. 0.,Gi ROU'S Store. N. C., 1st, militia, Co. ! died may 24; J. linges, 1st, minti Co. I, died May 23:h; A. Inahut, li militia, Co. A, died may 29'-h; St ' pben Tedder, 3V1, militia, Co. *G, di' may lOlhf W. T. Burnett, 13th, ci airy, Co. Eddied may ll tb; Jas. . Davis, 7th, infantry, Co. K. died tn 11th; J. W. JuwerF, 23.1, infantry, C A, died may 29th; Clark Tidwel?, G Guard, died may 11th; T. B. Tow Orr's Rifles, Co. A, died may 17) W. S. Wanetaaker, citizen, diod ra lit!'; W. Shaver, dlizcu cf Columr died may 13tb; John Calvert, citizen i of Charleston, died may 31st; H. B. Templeton, 14th, militia, Co. B, died I June 1st; L. D. Dubbard, 14th, militia, j Go. E, died June 1st; Lewis M. Debar, j 14th, militia; Si'as Griffin,"14th, mi-! j litia; Jas. N. Glasgow. 14th, militia, I died Juno 13th; John 'L. Farmer, 1st, j militia; John Freeman, 1st, militia, diod Juno "7th; Martin' Otts, 1st, mi? litia; E. J. Harris, Edgefield District, (5th, Reserves, Co. D; Henry Strick? land, Cberaw, 26th, Co. D; Kev. Wm. Forr'e, citizen, Ormigeburg; Wm. F. Lelioacb, citizen; James Luudy, 1st, Artillery, died June lGth; Charles M. I Grant, Cherawr infantry, died June j 17th; John W. Poor, 1st, artillery, j died June 18th; Charles C. Henley, ! 14th, infantry, died June 19th. j The.ia have all been interred in : Cypress Hill Cemetery, on Long ? Island. I Tho Southern Negroes and the South j ern Whites.?Things to ba done for the Protection of Both. j Tho white inhabitants of the South ? are our fellow-countrymen as . well as ! the negroes; ami, on the winde, wo have as much reason to feel proud of ! them tis of the blacks. Their valor, i enerby, pride, constancy and public I spirit ?o nu discrudii to tho American i name. j In dealing with the negro quest iou. j which ts tho great question of the time.it is fair to consider thc iuteri sts i of both race-?. Indeed, th? interests ; of the two. rightfully viewed, are iu I separable. W hatever tends to the j fcccurity^and prosperity of o.io tends ! equally to the security and prosperity J of tho other. It is thc duty of tho i Government to regard their interests j not as conflicting but identical.. The i Southern whites have l een ?lavehold j ers; hut they, acquiesce in tho fact that j they can be slaveholders no Ioug^r. and with regard to the guilt of past slavery, we of the North are probably just as guilty as they. At all events, j this was the opinion of the late Presi . dent Lincoln. In his message to Con? gress, iii December, 1302, Mr. Lincoln j declared: aLl ? noue the le>s true for hav. r<r been often said, that the peopla of the South are not nnrd responsible for the introduction of this property than the people of the North; and when it is remembered how unhesita? tingly wo all use cotton and sugar, and sharo the profits of dealing in them, it may-not bo quite salo to say that tito South has been more respon? sible than the North for its continu? ance." We do not draw :I?e samo inference from this viow of tho subject, which wag drawn by president Lincoln; for we realize that, since 1862, the couti try has passsed into a new epoch. Mr. Lincoln's conclusion was: "If, then, for a common object, this pro? perty is to be saciiliced, is it Dot just that it be doue at a common charge?" Tho two thousand millions since spent had much better been expended in thjs wa)' than in fratricidal war. But the South willed otherwise, and has lost both her slaves and the proffered compensation. But still, there is an equity fairly resulting from the view of Mr. Lin coin's, which ought not to be wholly lost jj) dealing with this great social and industrial revolution. While un compensated emancipation must be insisied on> as a cons?quence of the protracted resistance of the South, it is our clear duty, in al' other'things, to consult the interest of both races, and seek their joint prosperity. There ia no justice in leaving decrepit ?dd ago and helpless infancy to starve; nor. on the other hand, is there justice in j requiring the Southern land holders t. I support them when the working j negroes havo run away? Wo ow; i kindness and protection to the oman j cipated because they arc free by oi i act; plunged hy us into miseries thej j could not provide against. But tb< I Federal Government cannot snppor them, nor can it, without the grossest violation of justice, require the South? ern whites to do it. The whole sub ject of the relations of poverty to ! property in the South, should be at j once regulated by rules having the j force and permanence of laws. j lt is perhaps easier to say what ought to i c done than to point out the j precise way of doing it. If MIK milt | tary authorities would come tv) a corn- j mon understanding with leading citi-j Zens in each Stale, in devising a system j of rules so fair, equitable, and suited j lo tho circumstances, that the reeon- j structed State Governments would be j likely to adopt them, it would bo a ; great advantage to bot ii races. Among the things requiring immediate atten- ! ; tion throughout :he South are: : 1. A System of IVegro Apprentice- \ \ ship.-Tile mot! or of minor children ! is of coarse k;i >wn, and probably is. ' j in most cases, found on the same pian j : tntiori with them, although instances j I of separation ai o 'numerous. The j ! paternity is moro doubtful. In cases I j where both parents are known, and | j able-bodied, there ought to be regula- j i tiona making their supper1; of their j I offspring compulsory. But lhere will j 1 be lens o' thousands of cases, al! iver : ; the South, where, .'rom uncertain pa- : ternity. inability ut find work, vagran- ! : cy, idleness, or vic?, this will ni l be j ! done, lit-neo ihe "'eat magnitude of; j the question fe o iv minors are to be,' i provided for rrvi brought up. There ! 1 ought to bc \!-s'eJ i:i local public j officers authoritv t<> bind ihem out tili I they become of ag ?.?. lt is to be pro j sumed that verv young children will, '? by the time they ar? I'v,..,;0np, earn I enough !o pay ?or 'heir bringing u\>. 'anda rudimentary ? luca;io--. Minor.- | i in their teens, who are indentured to j do farm work, otitjiit io hive a little 1 ou int on' corn tag ?.? ngv, mechanics' j would bo suffieientiy compensated by j the knowledge of r; good trade, lt is j clear that one ?.d the moat urgent needs of the Soul!) is authority to ; m-ake permanent equitable arrange? j meuts for the support and education of nv^ro children au-1 youth. But no children should ba bound as appren- j tices without th? consent of their j parents, uni.-ss-tlx; parents fail to sup- j port them. The S nth also needs: j 2. Equitable Regulations for thc j Support of the Poor. - Besides minors, there will be host of helpless colored j people needing the protection of the f community. Tho sick, infirm and j aged, must not? be abandoned; and there is no justice in leaving them to ; tho mero charity of thc white families i in which th-.'/form-riv lived. Over-! beers of the poor b ving tue care of i this class need to be intrusted with a ' large discieii Many wll be capa- i ble of partially earning their living, | whether they shall be .onion ] with planters who will take their .s.o-vicen j in part pay for their subsistence, or be j maintained in workhouses and other: institutions, those having the supervi- j sion of them will, in either case, have a wide field Cir the exercise or vigi? lance, judgment and humanity. An? other watit of t!je. South is: 3. Proper Regulations Against Vagrancy. - in carrying out any sys? tem for rile support of the poor, it is just that eaelj locality shall bear its proportion, and no more thnn its pro portion,-of ibo binden, lhere should be reu stein for ascertaining the donn? ed of the negroes, and. on a change of j domicil, a resilience of a stated time ! should be requisite to enable them to j obtain parish relief. It is (lear that j regulations of home kind ought to be j adopted tor preventing particular ! localities being burdened with swarms of vagrants who might flock chere I from other places, e;'en if such regti j lations should . pirate ns a restraint on negro lo -emotion. The necessity aa 1 urgency of what ! we have herc insisted on is so obvious I as to admit, cf r.o dispute; hut there ???as-yci.no evidence that thc Gov* ' eminent has bestowed on the matter any* attention. There is indeed no possibility of useful action without the concurrence of local opinion; and in the progress of this experiment the Jboderal power will learn bow utterly inadequate it is to govern the country i without the assistance of thc local au- | thorities. The present strong tenccucv ? toward centralization will receive ?ts \ strongest check in tho demonstrated i incompetency of the Federal Govern? ment to manage ?. ct! affairs. * [ .Vt i; York World. IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO.-A red port highly important, if true, regard! ing Mexican affairs come? from Mata moras under date of the 15th instant. I It is said that President Juarez had j been co'oipelied to il v from Chihuahua, ' his capital, and that that place had .been occupied by lite imperial troops. : It is reported that the soldiers of the j late Confederate armies ot the South j were flocking to the imperial-standard, j and that ten thousand of them were to I go to Sonora under ex-United States ! Senator (J winn, who, it was still con- : fidently asserted, would succeed in his ! projects for colonizing the .Northern 1 Mexican Slates. Titer;.' was ni--o a ! report that Captain Page, ?ate cf the I Confederate ram Stonewall, was in i Mexico, trying to ri -gotiate for the j saie to Maximilian ?.,f the ex Confed- 1 erate cruisers. . ? AM? ; I'!NE stock of DRUGS ar.-J MEDI- ! -?.\- CINES just received by IT. SOLOMON A CO., Assembly swed, w".eai, jjfcslov Plain. .tilly h. * Cih>e G-.n S-.tp't Wilmini?tou- and ' Manchester RaHfoa? Company, SUMTER, ??. -bxv a, lSCS. ; A TRAIN for thc conveyance of pas i 1\. senders and freight is now running j semi-weekly between Kingsville and G rea*- ? Pee Dee River; leaving Kingsville eaoh Monday and Thursday at t? a. m.. and ar? riving at Pee Dee -ame days at 1.45 |>. m. i Returning, the train leaves ?Pet Dee at. i'! - > a. m. eaeli Tuesday and Friday, und arr \ -* at Kingsville at, ?.27 p. tn. Con- j nectio.:s ?re made, both coing and return- 1 itig, with trains of the North-eastern Rail- j r<?.. i and Cheraw end ! >Ar.;ii^to:i Rai,road '? at Florence. Trips of luis train will ho : increased to tri-weiikly and dailv, as cou- I neetions arc opened atid business ?ustifias. HENRY M. DHAN H. July 1 C* General Superintendent. . Headq'rs Northern Pisli-Jct Devait- : ment of tho South, ~ ! COLUMBIA, s. C., JCN-E 27, 1S65. i GENERA I ORDERS NO. ON* and after the Cale of th's order, al: telegraph lilies ?in this District a;-u placed under the control of the military j authority. Any telegraph operator failitie to gire ? precedence to military over civil de snatches, both in receiving and Iransniit ting tiic same, WH'1 l>-- considered j-nilty of i military misdemeanor, and pt:-, Vi ed by I seutence of a militaay ojur:. ?>r ut thai discretion of the acares;, military <. -...- j mander. Bv command of I Brevet M?j. den. J. ATC il. I (Signed.) LEONARD E. PERRY. June 28 15 Ass't Adjutant General. j THE TEE?I3 OF PARDON. Proclamation by tho President of tho | , United Statis cf Ameriii. Whereas the President ?-(' the United ? States, on the 8th by of December, A. JD, I8?i?,, and nn the tititli day of Mureil, A. D. ' 186-i. with th.: o ;jtci to suppress lae ex- 1 ir-t.i;?'t rebellion, to induce all parsons to : , return to their loyalty arid to restore the '? anth ?rity of the United States, issue pro? clamations offering amnesty and pardon lo : , certain persons who had, directly or by j implication, participated iii the said rebel-'' hon; and whereas many pci'jons, who had ' so engaged in said rebellion, have, since j. the issuan-'.e of said proclamation, failed or neglected to take ti-e. beneftts offered 1 thereby; and whereas mair, person-*, who .1 -ve b" .1 justly dejm-ived'of ali claim to j amnesty and thereunder by reason of their participation, directly by ira- ! plien'.iou, in said rebellion and eon ti uu cd j hostility to the Government o? the United ! Stites sin :e the date of sa'd pr? cdarnation, | now desire to applj fe;* and .."'.rain arhneu 1 ty and pardon: Ti the . nd, therefore, that th? authority of,t?t?:6oTernmeu.t of thc United StHi*=.! I may bo restored, and that peace, order ao'j ! freedom may* be established, I, Andrew ! Johnson. President ot tho United :-Uai"o, j do proclaim and declare lh?t I hereby I grant to ail persons who have directly or I iudireclly. participated its thc exiling rebellion, except as? heVeinafter excepted, amnesty and pardon, with restoration of ali rich-e of property, except t,j to slaven, and except in oases where legal proceed? ings, under the law-j ot" thc United Staten providing for the confiscation of property ot persons engaged in rebellion, have bery instituted, but ^n the ou;?diti"n, nevertbe . !.. ;.., that every &uch person shalt take and subscribe the. following ?jatli ot affirms t?o?, and thenceforward koop ai d mars tain said oath inviolate, and w?dci oath ktihall he registered for ptSrcnnaaiit pr??.*?-. vatiou, and shall be of tile tenor and tffert following, to wi": i.-. ?h.- solemnly swear or .iff::..., fjreocnee of Almighty God. that. ?? 1 wi:I henceforth faithfylii Support ?cd defend the Constitution of the United States and tlie Union o?- the States tn"> i? under, and that I will in like manner abide by cad faithfully support all law* and proclamations whi..-h have been made during the existing rebellion with refer? ence to thc emancipation of slaves. ?3? help nie Goo. The fellowing class of persons ure ex? empted from thc benefits oi* this procla? mation: lit. AU wiio arc, or shrill h-re been, pretended eivil or diploLiro?e o?-cors. ?r otherwisv', domeatio or fore'sra :%!?-nt.? ot the p? elended Confederate Government. .??I- Ali who left judicial station;- <:nd*r the IJnittd States to ?id in the rebellion. Sd. Ali who shall liara been militai". ? r naval officers of said pretended Cor ted ?? rate Government a^ove the rank of colene.' in Ike army or lieutenant lu the nav .. 4th. All'who left seats ii the Cc-ngree* of the U. '.ted States to ?id the rebellion. Stii, All ?w ho resigned or ?er. i< red resin nations of their commissions in th?? arny or navy of the L nited States lo et ade duty in resisting the rebellion. ??tli. Ali who have engaged .u any wsy in treating otherwise than lawfully aa pr? son?i s <-t wur persons found i:i the Uat.ed State.? service, as officers, soldiers, stamen t*.h. All persons who io-v. h---i ?.r ur* absentees from the United ht?itt. '. ?.. th* purpose of aid-Jog lh<*. ..,<.?.,- ? 8til. All military and naval ofae**rs ir the rebe! service wno were educated by the Government in tu? Mil: arv Ac.-.demv at West Point or the United States .Nava? Academy. .9th. Aii persons who heh! the pretended .jffiecs of Governor of States iu-iusurroc tion against thc Unite.I Stitt.*. loth. All persons who. left their homea within the jurisdiction and protection ct tiio United State.-, ind pasjed K>youd thu Federal military iines into the so-eal.hd Confederate Stute-, foi the purpose of aid? ing the reb?d nun. 11th. Ali persons who have teen en gaged in the liestrccti'-a of thc ernnmere? of thc United States upon the hieh n- a .. and wh<vb&ve made raids: into thc United Stilt s from Canada, or been cir'scred io dt?fltroying the commerce of Tho United States upon the'lakes and rivers th?i sepa? rate thc british provinces horn the U:..lcd State.-. I2'Ii. All persans who, at the tin? when they ?eek to obtain the. benefits Hereof by taking the oath herein presci med, ure in military, naval ,..r civil confinement r;r custody, or under bonds of the civil, mi!: t-arv or naval authorities o? agents ol' t-lis Unitea States, prisoners of wari,;- per? sons detained for offences .-: ar:v kim:, lither before or alter conviction. 18th. All persons who have voluntarily participited in said rebellion, ami the esti? mated value of who: i- taxable property ia over twenty thousand dollars. 11th. All persona who have taken the oath of amnesty as prescribed in the Pre? sident's proclamation of Deceinhiir-8, A. F). lSG?. or tn oath of alegiauce-to the G (vernmeut ol' ;he United Idtates tdnoe th?! date o." sai-J proclamation, and v-t-o hive not tfu-'ieefo'-vnrd k. pt and maintained ?hr >.,..-, inviolate. . Prov toed, that special application may he ?; : i-i to the Presiden* for p inion by i : y pet? >u he'ongir.g to tim excepted niasse.-, and . i ?..'tm rey will bc ?be rally extended as may he consistent with the facts cf the case . : d- inc peace ai.d iignity of the Luit id Stat-:3. Tho Secretary of State will establish rales and regulations for administering- and recording the said amnesty prtth, so ns t>? insure ?ts benefit ty the people and guard the Government against fraud, iii testimony whereof, i hav-? heronrjto s? '.. * my band and caused tba sea! of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of 'iV^ashington. 'he &9th lay of May, in the year of our J.. -,; ?W5. ?nd ?t'the ind peaoenee cf .>.?? United ai?:;- th- . ??lity-ninlk ' By the Presidouf.i W:,;."!!. SfewARD, S-"v,;ory .;;a:,.