OCR Interpretation

The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, July 28, 1865, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027007/1865-07-28/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
Six months, - ? - $5 j
One month, - 1
One square, (ten lines.) one time, 51*00
&ubsequeut insertions, - 75
Special noticeo ten cents per line.
An Interesting Leaf cf History-How
the emancipation Proclamation was
Written. "
Mr. F. B. Carpenter *gi ves the his?
tory of 11 ie Emancipation Proclama?
tion^ as Mr. Lincoln gave it to him, ort
the occasion of their first interview, as
?written down by himself soon after?
ward. We quote:
.'It had s>>t. to be,' said ho, 'mid?
summer, 1S6'J. Tilings had gone on
from bad to worse, until I felt that we
had reached the end of our rope on
flie phui of operations we" had been
pursuing: that we had about played
?mr inst card, and must change our
tactics, or lo^e the yarnel "I now de?
termined on the adoption of the
cm a uni pat>io n proclamation; and, with?
out consultation with, Or the knowledge
of the Cabinet, I prepared tho original
?Irait ot the proclamation, and, after
much anxious t hought, called a Cabinet
meeting upon the ?ubject. This was
the last of July, or the first part of tile
month of August, 1S62.' (The exact
date he did not Teini-mbef.) 'This
Cabinet meeting tutfk blare, I think,
upon a Saturday. All were present
excepting Mr. Biair, tl ie Postuiaster
Gelieral, who was absent at the opening
of 111e discussion, hut came in subse?
quently. I said to the Cabinet that I
had resolved upon this step, and had
not cadled them together to ask their
advice, but. to lay the subject matter
qf a proclamation oelore them; sug?
gestions as to which would be in order;
H fier tliev heard it read. Mr. Loye
jov,' Said he, 'was in error when he
informed you that it excited no com?
ment, excepting on the part of Secre?
tar v Seward.
'Various suggestions vere offered.
Secretary Chase wished the language
si ronger in reference lo lue arming of
th? blacks. Mr. Blair, after ha cann?
in, deprecated the pokey, on the
ground that it. would .-ost the Admin?
istraci?n the Fad elections. Nothing,
however, was offered that I had riot
.already fnllv anticipated and settled itt
my own mind, until Secretary Seward
? .?poke. Said he, 'Mr. President, I
approve uf the pro?lurnati-in, but I
question the expediency of its h-sue at
tibs juncture. The depression of the
public mind, consequent upon our
repeated reverses, is so great that I
fear the effect ot so important a step.
Ir. may be viewed ns the last measure
of un exhausted Government-a cry
for help; tho Government strelchin<j
forth its hands to Ethiopia instead ol
' Ethiopia stretching forth her hands tc
the Government.' 'His idea.' said tin
President, 'was that it would be cou
sidered our'last shriek, on tho retreat.
This waa his precise expression. 'Now
continued Mr. Seward, 'while I ap
prove the measure, I suggest, 6ir, tba
\ou postpone its issue, until .you cai
give it to the country supported b'
. military success, instead of issuing i
as would be the case now upon th
greatest disaster of the wari' Sai
Mr. Lincoln: 'The wisdom of the vie\
of the^Secretary of State ?struck rn
with very great /one. It wan a
aspect of the case that, in all in
thought upon the subject, I *had er
ti rc ly overlooked. The result wa
that I put the draft of the proclaim
lion aside, a* you do your sketch for
picture, waiting for a victory. Froi
time to time I added or changed
line, touching inhere and there, wai
ing the progress of events. Well, tl
next pews we had was of Pope's di
aster, at Bull Kuo. Thing3 look?
darker that, evie Finally came tl
week of the hat-la of Antietam. I
determined to wait no longer. The
news came, I think on Wednesday,
that the advantage was on our side.
I waa then staying at tho 'Soldiers'
Home,' (three miles out of Washing?
ton.) . 'Here I finished writing the
second draft of the preliminary procla?
mation; came up on Saturday; called
thc Cabinet tcgedier to hear it, and it
was published the following ?Monday.
'It was. a somewhat remarkable
fact,' he continued, 'tburo was just one
hundred days between the dates of
the two proclamations issued on the
22d September and the 1st of January.
I had not made- the calculation at the
At the final meeting on Saturday,
another interesting; incident occurred ?
in connection with Secretary Seward, j
The President had written the irnpor-i
taut part'of the .?proclamation in these
'That on tlie 1st. day of January, in
the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and sixty three, all
persons held as hi.ives within any
State or designated part of a State, tho
people whereof shall then be in rebel?
lion against the United State*, shall
be then thenceforward and forever
tree; and the Executive Government
of tho Unittd States, including thu
military and naval authority thereof,
will recognize the freedom of such
persons, ??id will do no act or acts to?
Sepress such persons, or any of them,
in any efforts they may make for their
actual freedom.' 'When L finished
reading this paragraph,' resanad Mr.
Lincoln, 'M?. Seward stopped me, and
said: 'I thin!*, Mr. President, that, you
should insert the word 'recognize,' in
that sentence, after the words "and
maintain.' I replied that I bad already
fully considered the'import of that
expression in this connection, but I
bad not introduced it, because it was
not my way to promise what I was not
entirely sure that I could perform, and
I was not prepared to say that 1
thought we weie exactly able tu main?
tain this.
'But.,' said he, 'Mr. Seward insisted
that we ought to taku this ground;
and the words finally went in!'
Mr. Lincoln the* proceeded to show
me the various position's occup;ed by
himself and the different members of
the Cabinet on tho occasion of the
first meeting. 'As nearh* as 1 can
remember,' said be, 'thy Secretary of
the Treasury and the Secretary of War
were here at my right hand-the
others were gro'iped at the left.
"Mr.Chase told me th ata at the.Cabi?
net meeting, immediately after tin
battle of Antietam, and just prior to
the issue of the September proclama?
tion, tho President entered upon the
business before them by saying that
??hc time for tf?c annunciation of the
emancipation policy could no longer
be delayed. Public sentiment,' lie
thought, 'would sustain it, many of
his wai mest^frierids and supporters
demanded it--and he bad promised
his God that he would -do ii! The
last part ul* this was uttered in a low
tone, and appeared to be beaid by no
one but . Secretary Chase, who was
sitting near bim. Ho asked the Pre?
sident if he correctly understood bim.
Mr. Lincoln replied, 'I made a 6o!einn
vow before trod that, if General Lee
was driven back from Pennsylvania, 1
would crown the result by the decla?
ration of freedom to tho slaves!'
Wallace T?>ut.ler, a member of tho
Second Presbyterian Church at St.
Louis, was expelled on Sunday last,
because be refused to acknowledge
that he bad sinned in joining the
rebel array.-. He is a recently return?
ed Confederate soldier.
The demand on France for tbr.
restitution of the cannon and othei
property deposited by the Cor federate
officers beyond the Rio Grande is t<
be ?replied to by a free nnd full restitu
lion of the effoct?.
We have now some particulars of
the fate of '?he ship William Nelson,
bound for Kow York from Antwerp,
having on .board five hundred and
fifty persons'. The captain, on the
25lh of June, undertook to fumigate
her. Pitch ?was placed in the hold,
and red hot irons thrown upon ir,. The
pitch blazed and fired the vessel. Con?
sternation seized all on board. The I
captain, officers and cabin passengers j
left the ship, leaving thc poor emi?
grants to escape by such means as j
they could command. The cabin ?pas I
sengers were much burned, particularly
the females, who are slowly leeovet
ing. About forty of- tho steerage.!
passengers, farther reports say, have
been saved, ?ad possibly wa Hiay yet
learn of more survivors, lt is, how?
ever, certain that more than 300 per?
sons perish?'! by the imprudent act of
the captain dn irving to disinfect his
ship by the means ho adopted.
-. -.o~
Ts'iam G.-Harri*, ex Governor of
"fcnnessee, writes to the Memphis Bul?
letin from .Hacienda Carogial, near
Puebla, Mexico, dated June. .He ap?
proves the . -t disfranchising a large
portion of the people on the" ground
that, while, the law disqualifies him
from voting' it dees n?t prevent him
from holding office, lie th refore an?
nounces himself as a candidate lor
Governor ol Tennessee in 1800. Ac?
companying this card was a Confede?
rate bill for twenty dollars, endorsed
on* the back by Maximilian to be
paid when due.
DI-KE GWIN AG \IN"C-A late. Yera
Cruz letter sa vs: There is no doubt
hut that Gwin will got hid project
through. It, only awaits the signature
of Maximilian to become a law. Ile
goes ont' as director general of emi?
gration for Sonora. Chihuahua, Du?
rango, nnd Guatamala, with extra
ordinarv powers and eight thousand
French troops to protect him-emi?
gration to"b^ .strictly SoutnVrn. Ten
thousand Confederates are to be J#tneci
and paid bv the empire, but kept in
the above mentioned Slates as protec?
tion to emigration.
Pesquera's force of 3,000 men have
been routed nt El" Paso bv an equal
number of French. This took place
on the, 23 i of April. The Liberal
camp was surprised, and Pesquera had
retired-without collecting move than
a third of his scattered army. Gen.
Ilenqra is in Sao Francisco, and is
said to have received ?90.(?00 to en
courage, aimed emigration. He meets
with no practical aid.
(iens. E. Kirby Smith, Magruder
and Price, accompanied bvGov. Allen
and ex Gov. Moore, of Louisiana, are
reported to hay^ left San 'Antonio,
Texas, for M -xico, escorted bv ;'.(!()
well armed men, previsioned tor six
month?. Gens. Mindman, Bee and
Gov. Marali had left several days
before. Gen. Smith was destitute and
had to borrow money to get out of the
Tho Paris Patrie, of tho 4th, says:
'We arc enabled to state that France
and England, acting-with a view to
the preservation of pftace and general
conciliation..have coule to an agree?
ment upon the principal questions
which may result upon the present
state of American affairs.'
The Quickest mut Cheapest Route!
r^^jfptx V'VA^' '? n]] t!lP wajfby rail,
?*?y??^"a^*V\vept. 25 miles, from Colom?
bia to- Kingsville er Gadsden-tctween
which points a LINE of COMFORTABLE
VEHICLES connect closely with all trains,
Viz: Leave Columbia Mondays, Wednes?
days and Friday ss, at 5 P. M., n^d connect
with the train next morning, which reaches
Charleston early the .same evening. Tra
vellera over this line can be accommodated
with any stylo vehicle tiny preter-Oper
Buggy, Top Buggy, Clise Covered Ambu
lance. Covered Wagon, Carriage, Pic nic oi
Pleasure Coach, or Sadd!-; Horses. I'oj
passage ar chartering vehicles, apply ai.
SPELLING BOOKS. Arithmetica und |
. Geographies. Also, Copy Books, Writ-i
ing Paper and Envelopes. For sale by
July 27_ 3
Government Claims and Applica j
* tions for Pardon- >
nr*HE subscriber has made arrangements
JL willi one of the,most able and influ?
ential legal firms in Washington city, for
the prosecution of Government claims and I
applications for pardon.
All applications for pardon under the
Amnesty Proclamat ion must first be Jodged j
with the Provisional Governor, and from !
thence forwarded to Washington city for I
final action hy the President. The inter- j
vention of an attorney, both at this place j
and Washington city, will gieatly facili-:
tate the transaction and completion of
such business. C J- ELFORD,
Attorney ai Law-,
July 26 :> Greenville, S. C
ZM" AU napers in the State copy three
lim--* and send IM i ls tfi C. J.Ji
Dissolution of Copartnership.
H^HE copartnership heretofore existing
1 between the subscribers, under the
linnie, style and firm of KILLIAN ?fe
WING, is this day dissolved by mutual,
consent. F. W. WING, having purchased
the debts due to the concern ond assumed
those due by it, persons having demands
will prAent them tb him, and persons in?
debted will make payment, to him.
The subscriber having purchased the
interest of ELI Klf-LIAX in the, above
firm, the business will hereafter be con?
ducted by him in bis ?nen nable. He
respectfully solicits a share of publie pa?
tronage. . P. W# WING.
The subscriber takes pleasure in recom?
mending his late partner. Mr. F. W. Wing,
to the suppot^t of the former patrons of
the late firm of Killian ?fe Wing, and of
the public generally. ELI KILLIAN.
July 22 . 14*
(Formerly cd Baltimore, Md., late ol
? Soul b Carolina.)
No. 5-2 Wall Sir cst. New York.
Shoes, Hats, Crock?ry. Hardware, Leather,
Petroleum, Oil und Lamps, Drills, and a
general assortment of Goods, at lowest
w hob-sale prices.
?Co., purchased, sold on comuiiysinn or
taken in exchange for goods on favorable
terms. Orders respectfully solicited and
and advauces on consignments mai?a
Messrs. Wilson, Gibson ?fe Co., Bankers,
New York.
Thomas ?fe Co., Bankers; Ball ?more
W. T. Walters ?fe Co., Baltimore. >$
L. D. Crenshaw, Esq., Richmond.
?lohn Bratton. Esq, VV innsboro, S. C.
A? bury Coward. Esq., York vide, S. C.
Joseph Walker,-Esq., Spartanbnrg, S. C.
M. L. Geary, Esq., Attorney, Edgefield,
s. C. ' July 22 7
By the Provisional Governor of the
State of South Carolina
\T7IIEREAS His Excellency President
T Johnson has. issued* his procrwma
tion, appointing me (Benjamin F. Perry)
Provisional Oovertyr in and for the State
of .South Carolina, with power to .prescribe
such rules and regulations as may be ne?
cessary and proper for convening a Con
vention ?1 the State, composed ol dele?
gates to be chosen by t hat portion of the
people of said State who are loyal to thc
United States, for the purpose of altering
oi amending the Constitution thereof; and
with authority to exercise within the
limits of tho State all the powers neces?
sary and proper to enable; such loyal peo?
ple to restore said Statd^to its constitu?
tional relations to the Federal Govern?
ment, and to present such a Republican
form of Slate Government ns' will entitle
tho State to the guarantee of the United
States therefor, and its people to protec?
tion by the United States against invasion,
insurrect'i/m aud domestic violence:
? Now, therefore, in obedience to the pro?
clamation of his Excellency Andrew John?
son. President of the United States, I,
BENJAMIN F. PERRY, Provisional Go?
vernor of the State of South Carolina, for
the purpose of organizing a Provisiqpal
Government in South Carolina, reforming
tl.? State Constitution and restoring civil
authority in said State, under the Costi?
tution and laws of the United States, do
hereby proolaim sjd dolar* tha.t all civ::
officers ic South Carolina, vb o -r-r? ie
office when the Civil Government of the
State WHS suspended, in Mn}" Inst, (except
those arrested or under prosecution for
treason,) shall, oe taking the oath of aile'
g-'ancc ore.scribed in-rhtj President's Am?
nesty Proclamation ot the Sith day of
May, 1865, resume the duties of their
offices and continuo to discharge them
under the - Provisional Government till
further appointments are made.
And 1 do further proclaim, declara tad
make known,that it is the duty of all
loyal citizens of the State of South Caro?
lina to prora pt ly'po forward and take the
oath of allegiance to the United States,
before some'magistrata o'r military officer
ol' tin* Federal Government, v ho may he
qualified l'or a<lnbDisicring oat hs; and such
arc hereby authorized, to givw certified .
copies thereof to the peypn* respectively*1
by whom they were Wade. And such
niarristrne1; or officers are hereby required
to transmit the oriidriais of suth oaths, at.
os early a day as may he convenient, to
the Department of Slate, in the city of
Washington. I>. C.
And I do further proclaim, declare and
make kriow!i.,tljfit the Managern of Elec-*
tiona throughout the State of South Caro,
lina will hold nu election for members of
a State Convention, at. their respective
precincts, on the FIRST MONDAY IN
SEPTEMBER NEXT, accord i ?g to the
laws of Soutii Carolina in force before tho
secession of the Stale; and tlf^t each Elec
tion District, in tho State shall elect as
many members of ibo Conventwn as the
said District bas members of the lieus? of
Representatives-the badis ol" representa
lion b>>ir,g population and taxation Thia
will give one hundred ails twenty-four
members to the Convention-a number
sufficiently large tov.represeut every por?
tion of the State mest, f illy.
EVery loyal citizeu who has taken the
Amnesty oath and not wiihin the excepted
classes in the President's Proclamation,
will be entitled to vote, provided ho was
a legal voter under thc Constitution as it
stood prior to the secession of South'
Carolina. And all who are within the
excepted classes must take the orUh and
apply for a pai-rior), in order to entitle
them to vote or become members of the
Tb?: members of thc Convention thus
elected ?o, ibo first Mondny in September
next., aro hereby required to convene in
the city of Columbia, on WEDNESDAY,
the loth dav of September, 1S(35, for the
purpose of"altering ^nd amending the
present Constitution of South Carolina, or
remodelling and making a new one, which
will conform to thc great changes which
have t?iken pla-.'? in the Stat.e. ?nd be
more in accordance with rtepnb'ican prin
eiples and equality of repre^in;atiou.
And 1 do further proclaim*nd make
known, that, the Constitution and'all laws
ol' force in Sm::h Carolina prior to the
sece:sio:i ef tba Si atc, are hereby mud-? ot
force under the Provisional Government,
except wherein they may conflict ? il h tho
provisions of this proclamation. And th?
.bulges and Chaneeljors of the Slate are
hereby required to exercise al! the power?
and perform nil the duties which apper?
tain to their respective offices, and espe?
cially Ln criminal cases. Jt will he
expected nf the Federal military nutbori
tits now in South Carolina, to lend their
authority io the civiPofficers of the Pro
visioiial Government, for the-purpose of
enforcing the law.-, and preserving the
peace and good order of the Stat".
An.l 1 do further command arid enjoin
all t;ood and lawful citizens of the Slate
to unite in enforcing the laws and'bring?
ing to justice, all disorderly persons, all
[.binderers, robbwa and marauders, ull
vagrants ami idle persons w?io are wau
dering about without employment or any
visible means of supporting themsfdvee.
It is also expected that ail formel- own?
ers of freed persons will bu kind to them,
and not turn oil' the children or aged to
perish; and the freed men and women are
eamest.lv enjoined to make contracts, just,
an.! fair, for remaining with their former
In order tc facilitate as much as possi?
ble the application for panions under the
excepted sections of fie President's Am
nest rv Proclamation, it is stated for infor?
mation that hil applications 'must, be by
petition, stating the exception, and accom?
panied with the oath prescribed. This
petition must bc first approved by the
J'rovi.tional Governor, and then forwarded
to the 1'resiilent. Thc headquarters of
the Provisional Governor wiiLbe at Green?
ville, where all communications to him
must be addressed.
The newspapers of this State will pub?
lish this proclamation till the election for
members of the Convention.
In testimony w-hcreof, 1 have hereunto
set my hand and seal: Done at the
?I? s.l town of Greenville, tbis 20th day
of July, in the year of our Lord
1865. ard of the independence of
the United Stttes thc ninetieth.
By the Provisional Governs.
r? ?t%7cj, ?,-;"ar? S?c.-e;tfv
.Lily 2o

xml | txt