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I?M-wjwi-?iiiMMiii.? ^ Wednesday Morning, Aug. 3,1865. Newspaper Correspondents. A newspaper' correspondent', bf the right sttonp, is ix desideratum?. But it require* no srhall ka ow ledge, talent and oapioilv of observation to be a good corresponden*. The wise man seeiFev* -ry thing. Th ?> .blockhead tra ' vels from Dan to Beersheba, and, though the route is a long one. he sees nothing. .His self-esteem or vanity shuts his outer eve. He looks' only within, and, naturally enough, dis? covers nothing abnt, emptiness. We have a large class pf this sort, who yet pre*tud to insight; but, when you read, you discover nothing but near? sightedness or ?ver-sightednes?. They look too low. or look too far, to. dis? cover "the probable and the certain. Their capital is wonderfully small, and the slightest basis of fuetwr* serve to make staple,enough for n stupendous lie. Thc iirst essential to a good traveller is to be able to obserw?. This seems to most of the tribe a"vry un ? essential matter. " But it is absolutely vital to the?r uses'. Miss Martillean, a very wrong-headed spinster, who rode*a hobby which she insisted upon Wiisiiing into white from black, once Wrote a very clever hodjk, eut ii led "How to observes!*' The vulgar wo rid laughed at ?indi n title. '-How to observe, quothe!" "Why," saidthe^ , "everybody can observe!" Yes, in? deed, if they would only take the pains to_ h ara. But observing does not exactly come by nature. We have to learn tho ari. Ob.wring is nut nu re scalar/. Boutins Pilate asked for the truth, but refused to wait for the answer. Most travellers go .abroad . lot to see. but to bc Si ell, 1141 il tll?s it isthat vanity shuts np the peepers. Observing requires trs?n?tg u-udpCdn cation. Von must not expect to learn the ?niali?es of a Hung by mero see? ding, requires both analysis ::iol c> ni l..-..;-. v.M. :"ust ni ? mee combine and take apa.it -disintegrate and ont together - dig below the surface before you can appreciate wind hes upon the surface, an4 use a good plain inch, if you would ascertain the depth of M fountain, Vilich will yet reflect yon back alt the hatagesof trees and shrubs alon-- the banks. Wc do not no\\j ? recollect exactly what rides Miss Mar xineau lays down for correct", observa? tion, but yon may be smv of this, that, in the case of so shrewish n per? son, (insano enough when hobby riding,) she lue? not shot very widely of tlte mark in her counsels to the student. To observe is the first step towards thinking. He who does not knowhow to observe, dorr, not know how to think, and he who knows ? . millier, knows md how to act. Obser? vation, thought and energetic*action, under thought, constitute the wholt secret of success in life. And quite as necessary are-.those two first exercises to the good traveller who jims to be n good reporter. How to observe, what to observe, how to convey to others the fruits of observation, are thc just requisites for the good corespondent. But oar ordinary journalists, writing attjre i? uno, do not heed these conditions. Their s?le* testais tin degree of sensation which they can occasion. Hov,7 to .gull, how astonisl: the blear-eyed-to make folks star* -to startle the simple- se! won dei fe agape-frighten old maids with .ill tin ideas of a sucked city, and storth greedy g?ntienien on 'change? with tlx terrors of sudden liso or fall in thost markets where a specious fraud, ovi i the signature of a count or man o; straw, is the representative of monej anti capital. We require, for our cor respondents "thc capacity to see, weigh measure, note, mark, meditate, auc huntly think. Speculation follow; thought, and thc philosophy natural!; grows from the sp?culation, all tin *elcm?ntdK>f the subject*J^eing dui; w< ighed and ascertained. A!! thisM't q drei the habitual csci-ciso^?f th m observing eye ami tue reflecting mind. You cannot, begin TO seo, observe or ?Mink for any speen.1 ?See?sion.- You must be hab?tiiated to tJio'exercise. Your eye arid mind must be equally *aiid for long yoars'traiued to tin: busi? ness, so that, seeing and discovery, suggestion and though!, siudl be your natural occupation, whether you sit, or stand, or side, or walk. Sugges? tion comes from road or river side, from sky or earth, from running brook or standing pool, from the bira that iiics, as if it w<n?d mock ymir sight, to*the beast that ruminates, indiffer? ent whether you seo or not. Xor is it the most reflective mind that carries the most observing eye, 'l here arc ua? i i res,di fieront ly endowed, whatev? r I be thc training, for different uses a I fact which it Ls not easy to drive into the. skulls of teachers and professors, whoso real business is to discover ?where the faculties of the pupil lie. \ The very habit of reflecting intensely j upon moral and metaphysical sui) j jew's produces a sort of moral near? sightedness, which is detrimentid tc the observation of colored objects. Such minds naturally look within rarely without- for the materials ie: sp?cula"! ion. The most useful mind: for society arc those of tir?, the duplex faculty, who can look and explore. ? qnally well, within and without. Bul we are at tho bottom of our sheet. Fie-ETic. Mt:. Eunou: It was quire a discri? minating philosophy ol' Dr. Wolcot, when he saidi "Thc turnpike road to people"? hearts. I.:vs thro their mouths, or Wi.is. ike man Your corr??.?pondent r<.fitly ita? the most practical und conifortin? evidence on titi-; point at a pie -ii, given on the i?2il ult., by the ciri/.eii' of Hiehland and Fairfield Districts, ir the vicinity of Crooked linn. Notwithstanding the extreme he:: ol' tin' sun. a goodly number of tin citizens of the surrounding neighbor hood, together with a number o ?..?nests from a distance, assembled a au appropriate hour to particip?t*? >. the .'e.-M ;, ; t ... . ? i* tiro overe?lo ti. l.li ghosts having assembled some hour prior to thc announcement of dinner and no one baring been depub d h .'cut and dry" apolitical harangue fu *t?ie occasion, tiny were ti Hon led ai opoortuuity <>f interchanging view upon the v..lions questions . >;' polio, upon which we are soon to make a d cisi?n, iii keeping within tlic statu assigned us by the (lc uv ral (b*veni meut. J'.'om the number of group formed, soi.ie lounging lazily apo thc ground!, nial others proiucnuilin in the adjacent grove, linier, the 01 portunity was not unimproved. About ^ o'clock dinner -AMS ai non neei I. when the lari ?es v, i -ri .. >so irte to the table, which literally groaue beneath a boiintifii] provision of sui stunt iain and swvetnieafs. Commends ble ?fallu ti try was displayed by th sterner sex in their attentions to th hus les el their fair fri l*n i ls. liiaccon aime with their usual modesty, th ladies bad >ear v commenced ere thc lofl the lab! . Che platrers were fi plenishecl. ann the sterner sex lille their places, when "Dire was tile clatter of plate: . >?!' knife an That nu s Ml. l?ke tomahawks, *l work!". These very interesting ?ind profit; ble ex.-1-,-is, s concluded, social inte course was resumed, and kepi u until the hitter part of the sifteriiooj when ti,.? assemblage hogan to dim nish, tis one by one the velrielcs move in various directions with their pri cions living freight. I cannot close without speaking < the very commendable manner i which matters in general were cc? ducted The very, judicious prohib ti o ii of all intoxicating liquors on tl table reflected the highesl honor . the perception and gentility ?d' tl very discruninniing gentlemen coi posing the committe?*< >T arrangement They fleserve the thttriks of ?ll, esp chilly the ladies. J must also spei of the ladies present who eontribnti a very important, quota to the eujo ment of the oouasii>n. Wiihoiii the peculiar influence upon the opposi sex, the adair must lia ve grow LI tedi? i long before its eoneJe.sion. Verily, "l''-c simple anil a simpli foo Am! all thc fe? a in tail Are nothing, when compared to thee, Thou be?! of fees-fe-mal< ."' Ever com mend me to thc Ito; pitali of thc thrifty planters, fair daughfr and nobie Kiatroa^ in tut vicinity Crooked Run. C. .^?S ?M.il?iuthrt-jpliy ol' Mr. Horace Greeley'}'* of (he most'active descrip? tion. "Like Auargharsis Clootz and Thomas Paine, ho isa^?riendof aan k?nd," and haring taken possession of tho Southern St:it< -, as a waste and barbarous coimt?$, .Leis teaching ns a multitude <>l" useful, practical lessons' in politipul euonomy, cooking, ethics, diet, religion, agriculture, literatme, and lately in entomology. Under hi:; supery'si'-fin the people of L.ouisi:uia have greath, improved then1 process of sugar making; the men ot Arkansas have remodeled their "toothpicks at his instance; the natives of South Carolina have been, taught by him a new ?ind improved mode of growing rice ?md boiling Palmetto cabbages; the ( reorgiuus, Alabamians and Missis? sippian- admit that he luis illuminat? ed th.-ir benighted mind ns to the cultivation ?u'V?>ttou, and the North Carolinians ant! Virgiuiana propose, ;.s soon As they can get a very seedy ovoivont. a. battered whit'.-: hat and a pah* o',' wv]] worn boots, to erect an . .Iii.'.;.' in !i iii ir M:' his judicial reforms in the maiiufjieturc of turpentine and tobacco. Nor iMut'ifcil withal! this practical useftiltn-ss, ho sent among us, some time siaee.-^ most v< ir.ciousan l bene? volent phuesopher, who reiierfs in; Hm 7V;,'.-f./c. of the1 LSt.h instant, the results of his dispassionate and careful examination ?tito the moral: . mann'? rs. eustoiiis and eutomologms ol' the dil'-j feront trilles of degenerate white men .who occupy the several .."territories," where al! tim pr? tended political rights of tue people were very properly !'??:? f<?ititi during the "Lite rebel?io:?.,'" j The discover!, s made bv ti.is iirn-.i- i dite philosopijor during his ^ painful ' and perilous pilgrimage ali- et' a mosl startling character. When published ia bo.?!; fogru, they will be rcail with . '! he most Remarkable cueumshirtce ? is. thai in visiting a country which ; lias been r?ven$v }?retiy t.ln?rou'-!.!dv ? explored byKlieridsisu Thomas, (irani, Sh '.mian. Kilpatrick ?md Wilson, Mr. ( riv?di-y's commissioner u?>1 ic. d more remarkable things than Barth Livin s :;toiie, Sp; h(. :t!ll} Bacton .I'M in tim inti for of Africa. .He ha at last fourni ont tho true causes <d' th?- 'Me? gen.-racy, ignorance and barbarity of i tho Southern people." These un for- J t?nate e-mses ans stated Uv hin in a very loUg :i?'..l able cssav. *Tbe hives- . tig?tfons of lids profound and truth? ful person wer.irunieneed among cerfcun Southernemigrant-s Lo Illinois. Hear [tim: ' . : "A part of the Soiithempeivnle have deseo; ul ?il from Knghsh crismttaLi, who. on their arrival, nv?TO sohl to nie planteras :md their defects ol' moral; character have been trausinitt J to theil- children. No high objects g t vern them. They are cont un ti. hunt, tish, raise l?gs a nd ' corn, nud trade in property s'o'.en by tin- slaws." Another Southern tribe "descended ? from Hessian prisoners. They live rein?te from cities ?md ]?regressive ! society. They speak th . English ! langtmge y.s it- was spoken iomj before th.- revohuiou. Their mirais'ave dull, ami they make no improvement. This ingenuous writer attributes "ll;-' degotn-racey of ?li" Southern people to se. ?rbutic diseases. Their fool ol' ci.ru bread and polk has d?gem-rated their bl ?oil ami weak?-m d their constitutions, fi ina;, be said that their brains n:o half, pork. They greatly m e.! ami s -Mom have vinegar." Tile children ol' (lies.- un? happy barbarians, 'lie learned traveler says, "devour the coarsest fruit. The persimmon is so bitter ?ind coarse that hogs refuse it. yet it is a ?a vori bj among th??.;? pe? ?plc," Imagine, oh, ye g'.-.|s! om- of ?%,-...- while tribes feeding upon gn-i u persimmons, with, ns th?? writer adds, "haws and paw? paws" for a desert. ThV; savages-,\ ho inhabit 1 Ji?. "terri? tory" of Ton nessi*? ..ile?i r raise fruit." The writer ? t:r.\ i. .' once fora hirn dred miles fhroimh Tennessee and never saw an orchard. in ,soiue of the Southern Te-vi tories he "does not ?leny bul that tiny haw apples,"" but "the people pick them, lay them by and eat th. m when tiny taste of old clothes." "Nowhere at Lite South will you see "omi.hil peach trees. I'uildreu will eat little, hard, green peaches wjrh the relish ours eal ripe om s, ?md it is common for young rn? n when digging Irish potatoes to pare and'eat them as mic ijoes an si pole. Thc children prefer milk when it is so som; and tWck that they crowd il down tliey1 mouths with lie ir lingers. Tiiey eat raw sweet potatoes ami think nothing belter. Their next ste]) is to eat grass--Un- final one lo ? .t clay. Tli;-, gives them a ghasU" look, ami bloats their stomachs an I bellies. Dust to dust." "Another cause of their degeneracy has arisen," .says the writer, "from tho destruction of their nervous sen sibibility (we beg our r.a.,h rs net tc j 1 nigh, for. the man is in dead earnest), i by "wood tick's." Children of all ages are covered with blotches and sores ! made by vermin with which their bed-" I ding abounds,.and the. insects ol' the i wood? and fields. "Wood ticks j (reader, don't laught; respect tho j solemn truth winch this sa'-an is toll? ing,) como, early in thc Spring and lr.rd I till June. They are about?the size of a grain of wheat, fiat and with silver ! spots on their back?." (An iu'termis ' sion of tuni minutas is allowed fer j everybody to laugh, for we were con I strained to lay dow:: our pen at this ! point and roar.) To this terrible c? ese ? of the degeneracy of tho Southern I people tho'writer devote? a column of j small type, ?ind we^shoidd utterly fail . to do justice to ihe subject if we did j not give following extraer about the 'diff?rent kinds ol' tick.; winch have ' ruined the morale und constitution ?.ol j the Southern people : 1 "They (the li .kjjj are not alway: ; felt, but when they aro they ar?-alway..-. ; pulled emt. for it' they be not tiny ? burrow in tin* flesh and make gr' .-voa ? , sores. A fruit grocer wu .; laid up two months this*spring with horrid ulcers' ?m his breast caused by wood ticks. 1 Wherever they bite, they make a sore that l:*>ts a long time. The result is like sha vi fig oft the flesh with a sharp razor. 1 have seen children's legs one mass ol'sore.;. These ticks eome from trees and rotten .wood. ''After these come seed tick ;. rh< y are so small as to bc seen only by the steady gaze of go? d eyes; They ?ne ol'the same shape as the wood tick, id is said that they breed from ila: blood of a much larger tick, which are found on cattle. They aro ?n chis ruenttouch them, they "chug" to^Tt. Sometimes lhere will 'be lilly or a iiundivd. ai other tine s fhn.".....!nd J O:I thousands. Tiny crawl ali over thc body and seek ti:;; hair of the he:id. Ki rsi. there is a smarting sting; when the place is scratched a pain follows almost e.pirti te. a blister ly, tire. Tili ; seed tick will get into flic flesh als and makes sores which las?, long. Th . sores ofboth-li'iids will beal and break OMI aim i:i. J have seca t li? l-loodfroiu my own cl?il Iren':? leg?rmi from tn ?<? seed ticks will drop o.i' if one gets sweaty. Spirits of hartshorn allays the bite; tobacco smoke will expel ticks from the clothes.*' What the writer says upon this sub? ject is-as true as (J-ospol, ami our^jail evs wiil agree with us that when Mr. Greeley's commissioner was .down South, the poor follow rm: ^havc h:nl a lively tim?; with the .?seed" mri ..wood" ticks. He also fofl among ''jiggers," called in our youth .?<.!;... gers," sad t!r..y. ho says, lia ve contri? buted .\ii.M> to the j ?resent i.lo.gen?T:iev ol' the South." Ile thus discourses .'.f "jiggers:" '.Another insect is called the jigger. They ail- nore numerous South ol' Tennessee. There are a few here. They .-?re still smaller than thc : ee?l tick, and red. They* .get under the nails of the toes, ami bet wei ai the toes; and when they get into the llosh i: is almost impossible to get tl:o:;i out. Th.y cause intetfse itching: e ?rrupl ?! matter runs out; and when thev are under the ?oe nail the cas? is painful and pr? >1 racted. Thc jigger conies nut countrii s thev an* ahuost in lol? Table.*' W?' rospec'tfnlly sal.mil that Mr. Greeley send his next commissioner down South in the winter mouths, it was inhuman to send him here during the summer mouth .. The unfortunate man visited ns al the wrong' season ; ami bein-, no doubt, a thin-skinned, sangninous ph'?osooher, thc bt.il bim. wo.,,1 and sei d ticks, and tho:., terri? ble monsters, thc "jiggers," seem lo have taken n fancy to him rle write; too i hajuenfly earnestly and feeling!) iud to havi suffered most terribly li mus! have scratched oft'rho cuticle a dozen times over, and in bis despe? ration ?: ken ..?Teen persimmons" nnd ..raw Irish potatoes" internally, as ii remedy for the bites. With ten thou? sand jiggers and seed ticks luxuriating no(in his tender carcass, we can'par? don the philosopher's poor opinion of ns. If. however. Mr. Greeley shall persist most inhumanly in sending his commissioners to inquire into thc condition of the South during the summ?'":' months, when these terrible guerillas-the "wood-tick?" and the .'.jigg? rs"-lie concealed in every bush and tuft of grass, let him bear in mind thal ...sheep fennel" is the only' pro feciivn. and that without that" sore? ll ?gu antidote tiie '.degeneracy of the S nilli woidd have been worse lean it now is. Armed with sprigs of it ?ind . anointed with-the oil ol' ?he weed, the commissioner of the Tribune muy hereafter hire bettor than &hc poor mari;, i" wno judges of the su'dur iugs pf the people of the South ir. m ins own excruciating torturer. * ? l?OCal X"t0230LS? [ ?f anv of -ur Mtv roudov? ?ro desirous of I ob:; ininjsoittoi?litit: puriioulariy nice ir fi? grcewy ::r.? ^.r.d at -, ?ow r-rkfe, !. i theai friv; liv. 1 ros. Stonhetis* .. ir.ii, rt! bis stt.ro ?aKI-Lilaad street, m-r-r Bul). ' > . By r?fcrenco tu bra- advmi .?:.'; c..... cf thc ColiuuHa >?aio ' < -td u.. j eared t::v scrvica 3 of Snwni. Y ai:- sn? Thoaij-".yn, and ii will rc-^pcuc i .">? t-ttb ?"j fi* ?-untionusn ....?. ? .; ? ?.? ed viii?'tim Aivtmsd Ae3 i->.-v in rhi-i r> . f-.r Kiivt-rai ;.earr*. ?.nd ar.- Kn-v.-.i .... v.' thornigh r. :choVn and utii.-i .; .atdimri KrroKTiNO iW?Kts?.-V... tia.-.- r:..:e. satisfaction in rentingourprog&s:; . .?..a. reodorsi, assured th::t ttsvy will ;>!! lah? H. Y..- ? r.1... ,:! it,.am! wisl do .>.;;. l.._.st fu impr..?v.- t. i.- u? i- -:-. v\%. :?v improving. ha - survit ?! :dl h .o dr.sr.ry sud 1?11 :u .! ? icy. Jill": t'j mi I' i ' * .nd gold ate mi i'epr. s. nb d liberally, ?ld Mi ;,bl:iul.? 1 pctTOl?Uln :. UUr ?oubted. 'ii- ?ultu will soon bc de vol - pod thot will astonish all. Hitherto wealth hus been lxidden under a do ad. Thc fact tu.nt v"?ld mime overrun i'irginia. proves how soon a country a 1 fall I R '1* into its original wilder less. when cultivation coates. Der iud boar aro reponed to have reap ) ..ired in districts whore lucy had not icen L'of*m.-.ny years prior rc the com nencement ci th?? war. Quails and al/bits literally swarm in the desolated ?ttiements of Virginia. Tho Lynchburg (Va.) Republican :,-.?. we regret to lom that R serious tate of affaira exi it in Amherst bounty, worthy the prompt attention if the authorities. The negro popula* ion s jems to bo running riot u.i r the ountry, and robbery appears to be he order of tho day ano night. ?--*o. - . The eldest man in tho world is Joe 'rel -, of Vriscon'un. ile loots up 130