Newspaper Page Text
' Saturday Morning, August 5,1885. The Indians. To thc West of the western herders . of Missouri nud Arkansas, and to the northward of the Texian boundary liue, there extends a tr.ict of country known as the Indian Territory. Stretching from the Red Eiver cu thc South to tiie sterile regions-, wnere thc Black Feet prowl like wolves, on thc extremo Northern border o? ino United States, this Territory com? prises many thousands ol' square miles ?evoted by the Government, in days past", to the occupancy ot" thedifiereut Indian tribes. Heve (tve .tho lands bf the Cherokees from Georgia, the Flori? da Seminoles, and the Chickasaws from Mississippi. Here also ure the hunting grounds of the wilder tribes -. the Pawnees, the Sioux, tho Chey? ennes, and the furious Li pans, riere some of the red men have been won to the i reelion of houses, the tirage of Ileitis, tho use of schools, the prac? tice of law, of religion, of noeial order; und others again, despising every art* Of the pale ince, still chug to their savage ways-still daub on thu war paint, still bend thc twanging bow, still hunt the buffalo for food ?uni rav? age the borders of Mexico and the States for spoil. Of these wild rovers, the Crows, the Arrapahoes, the Ca nnmehes, most#lreaded of all, but lit? tle more is known comparatively titan of the Bengal tiger pr tin; Russian wolf. Like wolf a^ul tiger, they have their lairs in wild recesses where, gen? eration after generation, they ar? born of} savage mothers; where., generation after generation, they grow up tieri.? and terrible; and whence, when of fuji strength, they issue forth inion tiie homes of civilized men. IV-urii ss in their fitly and romorsi li ss i:t their ravages. Xow and then sonic dim ?dor;.' reaches us of a mail %ider "mi tho Plains." who never reaches his destination; of a stage load of over? land passengers whoso, IH-H .'S ate led to whiten in the sun; of a puny fron? tier village sacked arid burned, tin? men hewn to pieces, and the women carried off, shrieking* l>\ smeared and brutal braves, at their horses' tails; but, as the same Providence which gives thc wild bc:ist strength seldom permite him to know his power, it seems never* to have entered these savage myals to extend their depreda? tions by concerted action. When not racing the prairie for food or stealing, "like tho withered "Murder." on the settlements, these wilder tribes righi one with the oilier, or turn their fury on their moro civilized brethren. And f. of these-the better mannered tribes it is mon: pleasant to speak, ns wi 1! as mure important, in new of what is hereafter tu be H till of late events in t'.iis Indian Territory. The < ?hoctaw.s, the Cherokees" the Creek--, the .Chick? asaws, Osages, and some others, have, to a grenier or less extent, as before said, fallen into the ways ol' civilized mon, and in some localities present a cultivation that would, not discredit, says the Augusta Constitution-mint, many an interior village in our laud (In? lands of this Territory being so rich as to have passed almost into a by? word. It ?3 not surprising agriculture should be the great resource of these Christianized tribe's, and in this pur suit some of the tribes weYe aided in bygono days by many negro slaves. Thus, then, to give a general review, the Indian Territory was, at the out? break of the lute war, inhabited by wild and civilized tribes of Indian-. These civilized tribes, again, were iii vided into slaveholding and non-slave holding 4-nations," ns they are. termed: When hostilities commeuecd, most of these latter nations espoused the Union canse, while the richer nations that owned daves-chielly tho Choc tu-.v% ;'neks, and Cherokees-sont forth their young men"to tight for 'he yonth, nuder the leadership of Stanfl Vyatio, a f-r?at eliief, who received tin i commission o?" ? Brigadier-General hi j tlie Confed?rate service; Cunningly I holding aloof froia either side, the i savage trilios carne dowu ?dike- upon tilt: borders of tho North-western Htatos and tho frontiers of tho South-mur? dering, robbing and burning with 1 great imparti.ility. The reader will I doubtless remember those atrocities i committed, in particular, on the bor? ders ct' Minnesota, and to prevent and punish which Gen. John Pope was tent thither by the Government. Thar, au equal amount of damage was not clone to Texas and Arkansas is,?doubt !less, due to (lie t -.cr that the organized Indian forces on . ?iiev ...!.*.. I v be? tween those borders and the wild tribes. In this way mattel's wont*tm in thf Indian nation rill tho surren? ders, when Brig, tren. Sr.-nd Wat ie surrendered, on the 23d of .Tune last, to two officers of the Tinted States army, appointed for tlj.i1 purpose by Major-Gen. Herron. Tim ?..!.. 1-: <>f CK- surrender arc thal .Stand] Wittie and Iii - mon sire bi receive prob-otho: from the United Stat-s. especially against tho.,> indians latolv in (hal service, lill .: Groat Connell ?'.f nil th" ?P lian notions <.::> be ea ll? 'd. Siam! Wa?;.- having promised to bring mi Iiis Cherokees, and Gov. [.itehlhi un? dertaking to procure 'ii"' prosonee of i he 'hoetaws; il was agreed between these chiefs and Gen. He ITO ti's com? missioners that a fttrth? : effort should bs; made to bri Hg Ml lit?? tribes ; av? ago and civilized into a general con? vention, ii is understiiod that thc wild tribes have'consented to follow the Lead of their more eivili/od breth? ren, and a Great. Council has beep appointed to fie held at a piaee culled Arms! rung's Academy, in I .:<. ( Ihoetaw ? ..Nat ion. on the ft rsl of September next. Ki ?'fy thousand Indian-, it is said, wib be present -from thc Choctaw in lti> broadcloth suit, io file greasy, staring Li pan -and thc < hivernaient is to fur 1 nish rations for?th< ir accommodation, ! Th.- -;,va? objo-ts sought to bo aeeoiu. j pHshed In this mooting are, in briei' ; to recognize tho abolition of slavery i to heal the feuds growing on! of tin I war, to secure exemption, if possible I from e>.>nrisen Sion of lands; to obl?is I assucjiuees td good eo.mlnel ?j-, ?nf tin I roving tribes, and fro adopt such otli'v i measure-' as may promote the genera ; welfare o* ail the red ni-a. and brim ; them int? : lasting, amity with tin -triiires. General Heir ?n's eomtnis ?siouei-s, Lieut Col, Matthews ami Ad j jutant Vanee, represent Hie [utlian as quietly settling down, and as, to al ^.appearance, disposed to not in goo. faith in r< fercucc to the holding .> their tl real Council. Should it oven ? nate half the good tito commissioner s"em to expect fr*?rn its sos.-,"ost, th whole country will have reason i i congrati?ate itself on the result am ! especially "those border regio:!- tim I have U>en so long an I s.. mercilesd; I victimized by I ndian cruelty, duplieit I and violence. j SWIFT TnAVi-x TO Kn::.'M?. -Acorn j .puny, we l.-arn, c.'inj..?e.! of som i among the promin.'ui siiip-ownera . j New York city, ha' e now under cm ; sidcration several plans for the baili j ingot four suporb^toamo.'s, of s.o,i . Tons each. t-> 1)'- [11'Op.eli- .'. b\ i llgilV [of 2,500 luirse piiwer, working tw ; padilly wheels of the usual kind au I two screw propellers, so that, in ca; I of derangement either sol of m? 1 ehinery, th" other sui shall contine : working wi th oui m; ! -rial impedimei j in ti sp'ed of the vessel, j These vessels are ,o be capable < currying 2.500 passengers, a! l'a- v: ? riable fares of $25, :- :?M and S?75. ?1 cording to amount of aeeonimodnth I required, between that cifv and f3ri 1 lol. England. Meals ?uv to be fn ! nished on board, the same as ai ai ! rest oa rant, and passengers eau ci th. i .-at or let it alone as it may plea them. Thc passage lo Europe, it I believed, at eighteen mile.-, au hon j will be made in seven days, while tl j great length of the vessels (nearly tv I b et j will uvcr-reach or materially co j tro! the waves, and prevent thal te; ble pitching motion thal is more I i ess the dread of all soa-goiiig*ti velors. -_. 1 A CHEAP PLACE LITE ix.- 1 La Seiu' (Minnesota) ,;././ ., I the L2th instant. says: W heat is selling in this plac . sixty cents per bifshel, corn seven to cightv, oats seventy-five to eiglif ?eggs (eu cents j ?er dozen, butter' to twelve cuts per pound, and gre peas ono dollar and li. .. cents j, bushel; boer "two and hal.' cunt glass." .-- - Governor Parsons estimates t1 122,000 Alabamians .- enraged the war, of wJioni ?bOnre d?-ad a disabled. Crop Prospects for 1365. Tho wheat harvest having com mencccl hi some portions of tho coun? try-in the Soi i Iii, by this time, it is wholly gathered-many ar?? already calculating the yield-of all the cereal crops, willi r terence to the effect on general trade. We fbelieve it to be almost witiioiit precedent that ac? counts from ?di parts of the country are so uniform I v favorable. Thesanie forms of expr?s.--iou are* used every? where, only vaned a little tc suit each lucidity, such as "the wheat looks I finely," "the prospect was never bot ? ter," "there is promise of more than I an uvera--- y:.-ld." ?ie. This is? trae i in .i special sense of the Eastern States, j and so liteir.llj Lind it would be useless I to name auy particular section. In ; 'daine, as we are. informed by the lat?-.-,l mail, tia hay crop is enennoue-, and the ruv.p potatoes is expected : to vieid S.iidO.'.?iit) bushels. , lu tie- \\\ :. :; few ciav-ii-.gr>, alana began to u- : -!; r.-speetiug thc preva I leuce ot' drought, but copions rains ; fell just in sc.: ? ?o to hush eveiT hp of , complaint. i ?doss 'great changes ! take place .--.>..:., th-- farmers will be j more abu.-idantly rewarded for. their 1 ton th.au ! ir sec? r.d years past. I'or this they are partly indebted to the wonderful results >>;' machine labor, anil also the strenuous efforts made to plant a wide sr-:, in anticipation of the "continuance of tho war. They i wi re enabled to accomplis;!] much : more in this direction, from the fact that, ns ::. gen end ru's-, thc ngricul hiral classes lind realized high prices fur previous ero?'s of grain, for their livestock, wool, obese, etc., and felt like expiMiding liberally in the em plovmeui of labor, from our own State of Now York, excepting a feeble complaint about ling?, the intelligence is alRhai could be desire !. Prom tho Southern States, accounts ure despondiug enough, but mneli bolter than were receive,! a few weeks ag??. Wii?-at is likely to vicki abun? dan liv. having, to ; great, extent, dis? placed other ei'ops less valuable as a means of subsist? ncc 1 Tin- who!.- laud, tin ivioro, seems io rejoice in tin: smiles of u kind Provi? dence.- -J? wi! nf < 'minn?;?<..>. Theeropsthroiudiout Wisconsin an ill excellent condition, and'tin- wea tiii ?- h::s b.\ rem irkably tine for har? vesting during tl ie past three or i .::? . lavs. ' Tho ivhijyt crops exceed any Kcports in regard- to the effect O: the rc- lt eui ivs in Curlinnu mid lld nois show that winter whvat in North? ern indiana is ba?l?y d imagCil, and hu: grown in s'n ?ck in so-uc parts of tili nois, particularly about Alci.cau am the adjoining ci eu dies. SpringAvhea leis le e . injured considerably in tin Northern par;, of thc State; but ? week of good weather would insure : heavv yield. !;i Wiseoii ii! ami Iowa tlie crops aro not d.uim.wd to any ex ' tent. The bari y ero;- is badly stained 1 Prom the Loudon eom-spondeht o tho New Vork Tiutes we malic tho an nix. d ex; rac; : "Tia* close ?>f the v.ur in Amov?e? has been a great disaster to Bombay in the Kasi indi? s. li r sein.ts one o i'm- philosophical experiment of st rik in -;T. i ivory Will, and ?ticing auothe liv liff from the opposite si le. i>om bay. on the other side ot the World feels the concussion in t he sudden ces sution ol' hostilities more tluui London Of ?-oi,rsc. London's turn is coming for thc failure of half the eommerei? houses in ilomb?y, cannot but^effei their English correspondents. Th rise in coiion, and tia- immense iniin of money to pay fur it, had cause, sucli a fever jl speculation as theJ-.a ha I n ?vcr known. Ali kinds ot jon sleek companies were formed, an share*, winch cost ?000, w.-nt np t i ui.i.nuo. The news of tren, lice's sui ren'der sent down the price (d' cott:> one-half, and exploded all these wei derfiiJ speculation-. The Pharisei j ure in inoiu-iiiiig tin??r ???nu is durkci ; ed. tb n. t irani litth thought th: sv'heij his artillery coin polled tho ev: eua! ion ol i i it-! 11 ii .:;<;. I lu re '.vas a cit on the oilier silk ei the planet a ? which his batteries rain- .; rum. I "Uni. the cotton question is IV from settler! yet, and tho great dotti as to the American production binde all calculation. l?eioiv the war, i-.nj i land paid i?Ji>,IM'U a year i'or colton, i j which X2J,UUU wi.>ut to the Unit? I Stales. Now, for a halt' supply, si ' pays nearly doable that amount sa .Clk'jUOU. China, yiapa:: alni Lud?? 1 from which so much v.as . -.peeled ! are practical failures, L'hu best tin j can do is to supply limited quantiti uf au inferior artic!: at double tl ; price. Egypt does u little better, I) ! not enough, if labor'can be re-orga ? heed in thc Ssuth so as to produ i cotton in former quantities and I former 'prices, America may uga ) have the monopoly i.-i.-d supply t I world.*' HOW A. RmsF.L PltEACtrE? WAS R;> cHTED IN CHICAGO.-A despatch from Chicago to the Cincinnati Gazette, on the 17th, says: Kev. John "vv. Pratt, Professor in the University of Alabama, ut Tusca? loosa, preached in the Central Pres? byterian Church last evening. In in? troducing him, Hov. Ivlr. Brown, pas? tor of the church, rose sud said: "Rev. John W. Pratt. Professor in the Uni? versity of Alabama, at Tuscaloosa, will preach to yen this evening. Professor Pratt wa;; an ciel and intimate friend of mine in years ge:-.:: by Kc wau a I secessionist, but an honest one, and I on principie. Professor Pratt preach i es this evening at my ; -. ir I request. Kc consented r emetan Uv, u iring you i would not be willing to near him, but I told him that tho rebellion was i over and they had submitted co the ! authority of the Government, and a? he ~as now irc:n ho rt loyd union J man, there -.vcr- not a man or voraa'i i of any congregation but would wel ! come him, and gladly hear hi a prc ? :h. I If-I am correct in ii:'.-- judgment '.v ii! ' 'you please assent tc ;t by arising to I ! your feat." . - Instantly tito ccugvogation ro?e to j their feet, and it was easy 'co see by ' thc light in the eyes ci the m; a and 1 women that th* welcome was from tho , heart: The Professor sa v. and felt it. His sermon was one ot' great ability and beauty of diction and vas deliv? ered with earnest elc*p.u.nce. in his i seimon he said- "I was- honest. ? j thought we were light, and put my ! :< ll, of money, power and influence, into the Confederacy. Hut the Con? federacy ig gone; ilia fia'orv eccs sioK is exploded; slavery is dead, and 1 am content. C-od a?v we needed I punishment and discipline, and lian disciplined and punished us. I think we sliall now he a i> tier, hippier, i and moro progressive people than ! heretofore." ? i REVIVAL OF Romr.'; or 'fr AV LL. Weare advised thal the Vv iimingtoi:, j Charlotte and llnfchert'ord Uaiiroad i will be fully repaired and opeio 1 for trail 1 ? during the prc en1 or early i m.'x? week. This work Sn: ? been pro I s-cuted with commendable, m-rgy, an I I the re-opening of thu road will throw I into the hands of our mete! ian t's a large i am.cant ol' product ?ha: Las for moro than a year la en awaiting a market, and so htimulato thu business of the I town. j. Th.- Charleston papers contain iii .advertisement .?!' tho to-op^ner of ! tho N- e-?h-oastern Railroad i uro ? ;'. ? ? who! length. i The Wilmington an?3 Manchester ? Road, connecting with the alu.ve ;.; j Florence, and forming the old e-.la I hlished llirough route between ?his j city and the South, will he fully re . pair il and re-ope'jo.l to tile publie ahftut thirty days. A veiw Loge force lol" worxmeii is employed upon ti;:. line, and no t :1brt s ar< . being spared : to expedite its completion. A notice appears elsewhere in.this vapor, calling a mooting of the sit ?ok ' holders of the Wilmington and Weldon 'Railroad Company, preparatory to ! putting them in a position n> receive i their line hack fr. un the < iovt nunent. ; We understand, thal the Government j has signified its readiness to tum this ' road over to the company wb i v ?:? ? the company shall be i.jualiiieit, nuder , the terniii of tho Amnesty Proclama ' tiou, to receive it. j Thus, probably within s:x!y days a! | farthest, all ..ur lines of travel will bc ; re-established, and Wilmington willi ! once more be upi > : i the gr. at high wa V ? j from the North to thc South, ami .ai I the line over which the great through i I mails are transported. Thus will our i ! business receive a new impefu . and j i prosperity 'indee? 1 will dawn upon us. I \VitmiHii1.hi Il'eruiW. Xi'.w YORK ('?TV ASA RustnExci?. j The New York Tiiifs is making some ; ugly confessions iii regari,*to the city I in which it is planted. Ct says: ! To the great body of mechanics, ; craftsmen, artizans, workingmen and i laborers-to the vast, and dominant ? multitudes whose earnings range 1'rom 1 ten to eighteen and fwenty dollars a j week-in other words, to four-fifths of I its entire population-New York fur? nishes the worst, place of residence in ; America- -the worst as regards suitabh household apartments, the worst as rega??s health for udult^and children, as regaros streets and markets, sup ; plies and economy, air and eleanline: -. j anti ns regards the preservation "? public and domestic mora'.-. We do : not p. ai. afc tl i ; time of tho* sirjo;. and sliini !, and cellar. Lt which the lowest forms of depravity fester and . rot. The Pittsburg Post suya tlvere is a well known resident of. that city who is seventy years of age, and has a phy? sician's certificate that he has not been ?jober for forty years. . We 'nave been request. <\ to etate that tbrv P.ov. Mr. Pringle will officiate to-niorrow (Sunday) iu Llio BaptistgChurch. Thc con? gregation >.: Christ Church, ibo couRi-etca tioii usually worshipping in Unit house, ?:nj thc publie .". ncVally, arc invited ty attend. Lou t bc deceived by th-.' oil fashioned bonnet attached to 31ra. Bmith'a advertise? ment. Just jjo and s.-e ncr uo.v .?toca il' jeckies. etc. ._. Tfe would inferna our friendn throu;?:i iii-j npp?;r part cf tho Stat", that, cur ryyair-rly authorised ar-o.it, Mr. i". P. Pumo, will vi? ..; Newberry and Greenville Court tloufs., nest, wtek, .. n basiuess connected with ti: Pkctiii?jc, and will iv-ceivo and receipt ter subscriptions, otc. T.> Invite attention to the adrertireu?cn? cf new goods, just opened by >.:.-. Cantwell, in Ecdeii'fi row. If Mr. C. keeps up hia-old reputation, of which WP have no doubt, I::.-i **6ur old friend. .Tchr. hie?.! : i advwtisft-, To TTAV?U.J::--C. V. Pool's hack line connects wi vii tu :.?:; > Hope Station, ira mediately ?;...;>?< tho r.rd-.sl of the down tv dn, " nd .viii co:"e. passengers safely a cl security t'1 Columbia: it will alnc earrvpas. :>en gc rs from Columbia* to 1 Sta; >jt,. >ix time to toko tho train tin s.imo day fa Greenville. Ti:.. .'. M. P.V?.MZX.- I'he numerous friPtid-i of Dr. Benjamin M. Palmer, in thia notice of hil reccptien 0:1 hi.? return t.. tin?. iSiurch, ivith that iar foin., of ol. -?uor.-e, ,2 ami dllV'tVi'; i hi 17th.) were v. ><>:. apuarciit tn; Poi tor nail i-.-i u? ib'V.s<e-i:V,b 'ic.'.ve-, a 11(1 subdue.! ill; With :>n i'm mhb r how of pron: ino wi with p-xn.li i pi:: : - wal of rin- co?, hiviv aliud. 1 to ti t..at tu . - v.a iriaw ami H'Xil >?-.:.> Would bo s-- far sanctified as to lit*] o r than cv-?-- before for the ?.?> .-.; dude.? of a ?i .sp.-1 in'uii*t--r. ' Ile l death h ot vlhlb-i bis ?il.cs. In.Ul. an :-.l?.-.iii<-il to the "n! theme, all heat nu tt,..-i1 Ami the i.-Atcrs e..sh?-.! forth ; faul TAXATION IN YUK Spurn.- Hew taxers shall i ?>\\i!!o..-r.< d in the Southern States, untii the distress occasioned hy the ?.var is i:t some measfav all ev i ated, is a sulrje. t '.'< at already excites sume iitifuirv. The Philadelphia North Am r?e,,!,, having her<-tofore laid considerable stress upon tue n?? cessite o'.'- oroeeeiiing at-once to make Ihi^S .'?vii' pay her'full share ?f the natu mai debt and oxp< uses ol' carrying i;n the Government. now "asks the attention ol' lV-iiecihig u-.cn to the ob? stacles which seem to interfere wi-h this policy and wi sieh ive stiould strive to overcome, ns well for our ? ?wu nuke it s for that of our common ci lani ry. " Our cotemporn ry assists in the examination by specifying some of these obstacles, such as the sii.--jicn.--c in which thc tide to all ?anded proper? ty is involved v tho Confiscation Act ; tho terrible luivoe of war; the desola? tion caused by armies sud guerillas; the exact ion-; ol' tho Confederate Go verum,ait. eic. Thal thc condition shall not become more aggravated, President Johnson is urged to prohib? it, under severe penalties, all seizures ut the properly of civilians, except under due'process of law. The editor .-ays: ""Wc have looked in vain for some ( Hort to show how, under all these way:, of pauperization and im poreriditneul. the South can bo brough! to a condition to sustain lier ?h?reof lim burdens of taxation. No j one e\en makes the effort to show that sucha nsult cnn be reached by such means.'' Auyusf't CoiisHttitioiiatist. The vertebral m k bones of the as-' .-..ts.-in John Wilkes booth, which were, shattered by the pistol bullet that caused ins .kath, uri- now on exhibi ! Hon anio!!.:-,- the other surgical euriosi ? ti. sot the war, at the Army Medical j Museum, in Washington, D. C. j Dogs in Tc-xu .. are trained hy put I ting them with the sheep when they are blind puppies and roaring them with the lambe. The dogs arc re? gularly fed at a certain hour in the evening, and so never fail to bring tho flock in at Iho right time.