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THE DAILY jj I'HIKM VT"
DALLY PAPER $10 A YEAR. "LET OUR JUST CENSURE ATTEND TEE TRUE EVENT." * TIU-WEEKLY $7 A YEAR. BY J. A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 7, 1865. VOL. 1:-m:jl(? THE PHON1X IS PUBLISHED DAILY AND TR I- WEB KL Y. AND THF. WEEKtY GUANEE ZVERT WEDNESDAY. BY JULIAN A. SELBY. TERMS-IN A D VA N CE. SUBSCRIPTION. Dailv Pnper, ?ix months..'$5 DO Tri-Woeklv, " " .3 50 Weekly. ' ". " ..'. 2 00 Single copies of the Daily and Tri-Weekly, 10 cents; ot the Weekly, 15 cents. ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted in either thc Daily or Tri-Weeklv at -tl per square for the first insertion, and 75 cents for each subsequent insertion. In the Weekly, $1 a square. 49"?pccial notices 15 cents a line. The Black Death. The Black Death, like many other plagues of its class, can be traced far back into the remote East; and there is no doubt but that it is the same dis? ease which ravaged China and Tar? tary in 1333. fifteen years before it arrived on the shores of Europe. ^There had been a great famine in China, preceded by floods and earth? quakes, which alone destroyed 100,000 persons, and in the following year no fewer than 5.000,000 died there qf thia plague. From the remote East it made its way into Europe some years later, for pestilence often travels flow- j ly, accompanying the migrations of | men, und being carried about in thejr clothing and merchandize. It did not I arrive in Europe until 1347, fifteen j years after its outbreak in China, j "From China," says Hecker, "the j routes of the caravana lay to the North j of the Caspian Sea, through Central ; Asia, to Tauri?. Here ships were ; ready to take the produce t>f the East ! to Constantinople, the capital of com- ! merce and the medium of communica- | tion between Asia, Europe and Africa. " Contagion made its way along those channels, and Constantinople and the seaports of Asia Minor were the foci whence the disease was rcarried to every country of E trope. Making its way across the European continent, it committed its gr ea tost ravages-save, perhaps, in England-in Italy; raging terribly at Florence, where it was ob? served and'described by the poet Boc? caccio. Passing along the shores of the Mediterran run, it invaded France by way of Avignon, spreading thence to" England on the ono hand, and to Germany on the other; whence, like the cholera of the present day. it doubled back, two years later, to Rus? sia, and so back to the East. The Black Death, so called from the rapid putrefaction of the bodies of its victims, was of the^ame nature as the Oriental plague- viz: a putrid typhus, oniy a greater malignity. The boils and buboes of the latter disease wen?? found in the former whenever the pa? tient lived long enough to permit their development. The inhabitants of Eu? rope at that time have been computed at 100,000,000-a high estimate. Of these 25,000,QOO, or one-fourth of the whole, perished ! In England it was still niuro fatal, owing, probably, to . the ruder habits of the people. Dur? ing the term of one year-viz: from .August, 1318, to August, t04S>, three fourths of the whole population per? ished ! Indeed, if wo are to credit the analista of the period, not more than one-tenth escaped J Many mw eui)il*fcd in a few hours, like Senna? cherib's; host; none endured for three days. In France numbers died on the spot where they were first smitten, as if struck by lightning. This terrible .scourge, having swept over the then known world, committing such de? struction "f Ufe, and leaving behind it such misery and poverty as the world never saw before or since, at length died out; never again, w?tntst, to re? visit the eartli. It spared neither age, sex, nor condition; the rich and the poor alike succumbed. Thete died in Venice, the aristocratic;, no less than 100,000 persons; in Florence, the refined, GO,000; in Paris, the gay, 50,000; and in London, the wealthy, 100,000; while in the busy, rich, in? dustrious Norwich, there died the al? most incredible number of 50,000 per -O:H-nearly the whole, one would suppose, of ita inhabitants ! At Avig non Che deaths occurred with such frightful rapidity as wholly to bailie the attempts of the living to inter their friends and relative-) ; and the Pope was obliged to consecrate the Bhone to allow of the dead bodies finding ^hallowed resting place upon its bosom, uutil if finally committed them to the great deep. [Cornhill Magagine. MUSIC. A small assortment of CHOICE MUSIC. J\_ by the old masters -Beethoven and others'-for Bab-at MCKENZIE'S. Aug 5 Corner Plain and Gates streets. " W. B. JOHNSTON, IMLCL gistrat c , Office on Eickens street East end of Lady. %"VT7"ILL attend to aU official business VV brought before him; will also attend to drawing up Deeds, Conveyances. Mort? gages, Contracts, and other ordinary iogtd instruments of writing. Fair copies ol' any document executed with neatness and de? spatch. . August 1 ?T~T~SO??TM()X, General Commission Merchant. Second Doa-from Shiver House, Plain st ra t, COLUMBIA, 8. C., DKALEB in foreign and domestic mer? chandize. The highest market price paid for COTTON and COUNTKV PRO? DUCE in gold or currency. Consignments solicited, which will receive ray usual prompt attention. Refer to G. R. Crump .-. Co., Augusta, Ga., LaBoehe A Bell, Savannah, Ga., Gibbon & Co.. Charleston, S. C., Koopman fe Phelps, Charlotte, N. C., Fuller A Wilkerson, Lcashurg. N. C., B. P. Richardson, Keadbville, N. C., James K. Lea, YMICOVville, N. C., Chambers A- Pa trick. Danville, Va., Brownly A Co.. Petersburg, Va., Kent, Paine A Co., Richmond, Ya. Aug 1 fs27_ RECEIVED AND FOR HALE BY AT HIS KESIDENCE, * Corner Blandir g and Bull Streets. "AXTUITE SWISS MUSLIN, V\ '* BB I ELI AN TS. WHITE STRIPED CAMBRIC. CHECKED CAMBBIC, " Plain Cambric, , B. E. Diapur, " Buck. Diapur Towels, " Bleached Shirting, " " Linen, ". " " Sheeting, Drill, Mull Muslin, " Nainsook Muslin, " Victoria Lawn, " Ijnen and Paper Collars, '? Cambric Edging, " Huck. Towelling, " Enamel Shirt Besoms, Fancy Grenadine Dress Goods, " " Muslin " . " " Cambric " % " " Calico " " " Alpaca " " Black " " Brown 7-8 and l-l Shirtings, " Drill. Striped " " Shirting, Blue Denims, Gent's Buck Gauntlets, White Flannel,5 Servant's Handkerchiefs. Dress Braids. Brown Windsor Soap, * Children's Dolls, Black Alpaca, Palmetto Fans, Hair IHns, Diaper rio.. Dress Pius, Needles, Ladles' Gloves, Tuck, Dressing and Fine Combs, Hair, Nail and Tooth Brushes, Pearl, Agate and Lasting Buttons, . Coat and Vest Huttons, TIoop Skirts, Children's White Hose, Chilean's Bound Combs, Em ??id. Lace Handkerchiefs, H. SCand Plain Handkerchiefs, White and Brown Half Hose. Ladies' White Hose, Pocket Knives, White and Black Spool Cotton, Black Silk Belt Ribbons, Broadcloths, Cambric Spmisers, Gent's Gloves, Bonnet Wire," Hine, Green and Brown Veil Bera ge, ' Fancy Cravats, Spotted Linen for pants. Embroidery Cotton, Darning do. Silk Elastic, Linen Tape Cotton do. Leather Belts, Black Silk dp. Colored Silk Belts, Linen Gollaus Linen Setts/Bhspendars. Hwoks and Eyes;, Hair Nets. Corsets, Trunks, Whalebone. Ruffling, Sewing Silk, Shoe Laents. Corset Lacets, Hall Cord. Veils, Scissors. GROCERIES, BIO COfrFEE, JAVA do. Green Tea, Brown Sugar. White Sugar, White Crushed do. Buta Baga Turnip Seed. Wh^at Flour, Molasses. Soap, Starch, Sogar?. Smoking Tobacso, Chewing do. Mackerel, Herrintj, Sardine s. Bottled Lager, lacking. Candles By lin- -. ProvjKional Governor of thc Staff of South Carolina. A P ll I) 0 I. A li A T ?O \ ! \V"HF.PEAS Hin Exo-lbmey President Yt .Johnson has Issued his proclaraa tioit, appointing mo (Benjamin F. Ferry) Provisional Governor in and tor the State.of i South Carolina, with power to prescribe j such rules ami regulations as may lie ueces i Hary and proper for convening a Convention ol' J lie State,' composed of delegates tn be I chosen by that portion of, the people of said j State who are loyal t<> tho Emited Slabs, i for the purpose of altering or amending thc Constitution thereof; and will) authority to" exercise within the limits of the State nil the ?lowers necessary and proper to enable such loyal people to restore said State to its constitutional relations to tin- Federal Gov? ernment, and to present such a Republican form of State Government as will cn title the State to the guarantee of the United Stute? : therefor, and hs people to protection hy tho j United States against invasion,insurrection , and domestic vi'donee. I Now, therefore, m obedience lo the prn \ clannition of his Excellency Andrew Jolm 1 .son. President of the ll nit ed States. I, ; BENJAMIN F. PEIiKY, Provisional Gover; ' nor id' th? State of South Carolina, for the . purpose of organizing a Provisional Gov? ernment in South Carolina," reforming the . State Constitution amt restoring civil au : thority in said State under the Constitution and laws of Pie Cnited States, do hereby ? proclaini and declare that ail cb il officers in South Cwolina, who were in ollice when the Civil Government of the Slate was suspend ? ed. in May last, (except those arrested or I under prosecution for treason,) shall, on ? taking the oath of allegiance prescribed in i tin- President's Amnesty Proclamation ot j the 29th day of May/latia, resume the i duties, of their oftiecs and continue to dis I charge them under tin- Provisional Govern I incut till further appointments ari- ma le. ! And I dc? further proclaini, declare and j malo: known, timi it is the duty ot al! loyal j citizens of tin- state of South Carolina" to ? promptly go forward and take the oath of j allegiance to the, Unit? States, before some ' magistrate or military ollicer of ile- Federal I (iovei niueii:, who may be'qualilied for ad I ministering "allis; and snell are hereby authorized to give certified copies tltcreol to tin- persons respectively by whom thew w.-re made. And snob magistrates or otlieels art beruh} required to transmit th? I originals of sueh oaths, nt as carly a day at ; may be convenient, to the Department ol I State, in tin- city of Washington, 1). C. ! And 1 do further proclaim, declare and make known, that thu Managtrrs of Elec ; tions throughout the Slate of Kout h Caroli < na will hoJ.I an election fm- members of ii ?State Convent ioti, at itu ir respective, pre i cincts, on the Flits F MONDA!' IN SEP j TE1?BEK NEXT, according t.. the laws,.: I South Carolina in force before ttn^^ressioi j of tin- State; and that eioMi I'JtKi Dis , trn t in the State shall < let t as injNPFnn-ui hers ot the i ' invention as tho said District has members of tin- Mouse of U?-prcscn.ta I tives- the basis of repr?sentation .bein;. j population and taxation. This will givi one hui id red and twenty-four members ti I the Convention -a number sufficiently larg? i to reju'e.-eni c-vei v portion of the State mos' I fully. Every loyal citizen who luis talo n t!i, Amnesty o.ah and not within the txocptei classes m tie- Presidents Proclamation I will be entitled to vote, prov ?dell he was; ! legal, voter under tin- Ctmstitutiou as i stood prior to the .-eeession of South ('aro Ima. Ami all wno are within tin: except?e I classes must take (he oath and apply tor ; pardon, in order to entitle tin ni to vole o: become members of the Convention. The Members of the Convention thin elerie.1 on iii - lirsi Monda} in Scptombei next, are iier?d">v n-mired to convene in th? j city cf Colnmbia.ou\VF.l)N.tsl?AV. the lari day of September, l.Sti?, ior the purpose, o altering am! amending the present Consti tution of Sourii Carolina, or r?>m<?delliti| and making a new one, which will contbrn to thc great change* which have tu kel place in the Slate, and be more in accord ance with Republican principles arid equal! ty of repri sent at ion. Ami 1 iio further proclaim and ma ki known, that tho Constitution and all laws o force in South Carolina prior to the seees sion of the State, are hereby made ol' fmvi under tin- Provisional Government, ?.-xc?-p wherein they may eonllict with the provi sions oft his proclam?t ion. And t be Judge; and ChnncelWs ot the State an- belele mquired to exercise all the powers and per form all the duties which appertain to tied respective onie. s. and especially in crimina Clises. It will be expected of the Federa military authorities now in South Carolina to lend' their aufivrity to the civil oftieen of the Provis;, nai ifoveriunent, for the pnr pose of enforcing lin- laws and prcs??'vni; the jieace and good order of t he-State. And I do further command and enjoin al good and lawful citizens of thc State ti unite in enforcing tin- laws and bringing ti justice all disorderly persons, all plunder ers, robbers and marauders, all vagrant, and idle- persons who are wandering abou without employment <>r any visible mean Of SUpp<5rtilig flielii-elves. lt is also experted that all former owner, of freed persons will be kind to them, am not turu eil' the children or aged to perish and the freedmen and women are earnestl; enjoined to make contracts, just and fair for remaining wit li their former ownver. In order to facilitate as much as possibl the application for pardons nuder the ex eepteel sections of thy President's Amnest, Proclamation, it is stated for icformatio) that ali ilpplicatione dust be by petitior stating tile exception, and aciomparniui mt h the oath prtuenbed. Ibis pctitioi ?'- .J.j J J_..I., 11 E_J* must" bo first approved by the Provisional Governor, and then forwarded to the Presi? dent. The headquarters of the Provisional Governor will bc ut Greenville, where all . coinuiunications to binn must be addressed. I Thc newspapers cf this State will publish this ])roclauiation till the election for mem? bers of the Convention. In testimony whereof, 1 have hereunto set my hand and seal.. Done at the [L. s.] town of Greenville, this 20tb day cf Julv, in tlie year of our Lord, iyr.5, and of the independence of th> United States the. ninetieth; B. F. FERRY. By the Provisional Governor: WILLIAM H. PERRY, Private Secretary. July 2G ^ _ ! Hdqrs. Military District of Charlritoii. CHARLESTON, S. C., Julv 25, 18G5. I CIRCULAR. ? * I ITNT IL further orders, Hie action of the J Superior and Circuit Provost Court of j j the Sub-Dintriets, will not be final until ? approved by the Sub-Distrjc*Commanders. Bv command of " BHEV'T MA.-. GEN. JOHN P. HATCH. j LEONARD B. PERKY, A. A. G. Official: ? K. H .vit Ria JCWETT, 1st Lieut. 5?th Mas?. I Vols., A. lt. A. G. ?_ Aug 44 j Hdqrs. .11 i 1 itury"l>l>7trTct of CKn.rlrstoss, CHARLESTON, S. C., July 28, 18G5. ! CEXEL'?L O lg) ELLS A'O. 83. . ITUB following irs published for tho in . formation and guidance of all con- ? I cerned: j .'CltlsniCTION OF SUPERIOR AND CIRCUIT PRO? VOST COURTS OF THE MILITARY DISTRICT, j CHARLESTON, AND PROCaftURE IS CASES OF | APPEAL FROM SASTU. 1 1. The jurisdiction of the Superior Pro I vost Court shall extend Lo all cases of pro : porty, debt and damages, where the amount ! m Irrigation exceeds one hundred'dollars, . ($100;) io all cases of crimes, misdemuan ' ors and, violation of order?, the Superior I Provost Court shall have concurrent juris- . i di ction with the Circuit Provost Court, 1 ; 2. The jurisdiction of the Circuit Provest ; Court shall extend to all oas?;n of propertv, debt and damages, where the amount in ! litigation does not exceed ono hundred dol I lars, ($100:1 iu all cases of crimes, misde ! moaners, and violation of orders, the Gir cuit Provost Court will b? governed by tho Kul"s prescribed in Paragraph V, General I Orders No. 102, Headquarters Department .South, June 27, IB*!"). ti ! 3. lu all oases of appeal frwn the decision I of either of the above mentioned Courts, to ? tho District or Sub-District Commanders, ; tlie appellant will notify the President of I the Court of his desire to appeal; the Pre i sidont will then instruct the parties in thc ease to prepare a written ano brief state ! mont of their <?um and answer respectively, ' and also the cause of tho appeal. Upon , this statement the President will concis ly .endorse the reasons for tim decision of the ! Court, affixing his signature thereto; tho . paper viii Rion In; forwarded to Sub-District Headquarters for the consideration of the I Sub-District Commander. If the appeal is . made to him be will endorso thereon his de ! cisi?n, and return it to thc Court in which ' thc cuse originated, which will direct the ' execution. I If the appeal is made to the District Cotn ? mander, or higher authority, the Sub-Dts : trict Commander will endorse thereon iii.-. 1 opinion, and forward it. j ; L Appellants mind distinctly state in | ' their appeal to what. Commander they 'appeal; and ?ni appeal having once be.-n" i made,-either to a Superior >.r Inferior Cent- i , mander, and a decision bad thereon, that i ; decision will lie tina!, and no subscunent I appeal will be permitted. fv' I 5. In cases of ?>pcal where the amount | in litigation docs not exceed ono iiundrcd i I dollars (-r 100) in all cases ot' tines, and in all j ? easer of imprisonment, not exceedim; one | month, appeals must be mad;- to thc .Sub- ' I District Commander, whose decision will ho . ] final. All other appeal.-, no! embraced in ? . the above mentioned classes, may In? made ? j to tin. District Commander, though the Sub- ) -District Commander CHU litare jurisdiction , ; at the option of the appellant. The < .uris will advise parties as to the j j equitableness of their decisions, in ord? r to : I avoid complication and a multiplicity of j appeals. I : ti. Owners of property in tho hands of the ' Military .fh Glorifies, claimed by citizens, j j will require tho lina] action of tho District I * 'ommandor. i IL All Commissioned Officers and Eniist I rd Men of the ;>6th New York Yet. Vols., . I ami Utid U. S. C. T., serving in whatever 1 capacity in this District, are hereby relieved. I and will r'^irt ;it. once, to their Regimental I 1 Coniniftuler for duty. f Bv command ol' * Bin.V T .Mu. GI:N. JOHN P. HATCH. f LEONARD B. PERRY, A. A. G. Official: L E. HARRIS JKWETT, 1st Lieut. 55th Mass. ; Vols., A. A. A. G._Aug 4 ? School for Girls. | THE MISSES .MARTIN will open fi School j for Girls on thc FIRST MONDAY in' Oe toller. Besides thc usual English studies, lessons will bc given in Latin, JjYench add j Music. A few hoarders will bc ^errived into the family. Apply at their residence on Blanding street. ^_^ . August 1 7 J. N. ROBSON HAS RESl'3TED TUE Commission' Business AT ?IS OLD STAND, 62 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON', S. C. ?Hr Particular attention given to the salo of Cotton, Flour. Cern, etc.: and, iron: hie Irtng eiperionce, he fe ele coc?dentof giving general eatipfaction. July 29 S* . v * NEWS FROM ALL QUARTERSt IrUBLHJHET) At the Capital of South Carolina, ? O <0> Xi TJ M XS I -Al IV '1865. THESAlL?FH?flfX. ?riSUED every morning except Sundav, is filled with the LATEST NEWS, (by tele? graph, mails, et"..) EDITORTAL, CORRES? PONDENCE, MISCELLANY, POETRY, STwlES, e'c This iu the onlv daily paper m the St? te outside of tho city of Charleston. The Tri-Weekly PhcDnix, ber country" circulation, is published every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, and has all the reading matter of interest contained in the da?y issues of tho week. WEEKU GtEA-fE8t ' .1 HOME CO MP*A XION. * AH its name indicates, is intended as & FAMILY JOURNAL,and ia published every Wednesday, li will contaui Eight Pages, of Forty Columns. The cream ot the News Miscellany, Tides, etc., oi tho Daily and Tri-weekly will be found in its columns. TERMS -INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. Daily, one year.$10 00 " ' three months. 3 00 Tri-Weekly, one yt ar. 7 0? * three months. 2 00 Weekly, one year. 4 00 three months. 1 25 Advertisements inserted in the Daily or Tri-WeeSly at $1 a square for tho firtt in? sertion, arid 75 cents for each subsequent insertion. Weekly advertisements ?1 a, square every insertion. JOB WORK, Such as HAND-SILLS, CARDO, CIRCU? LARS, SHIN-PLASTER*, etc., executed promptly and at reasonable rates. JLHA-V A. SELBY? ? July 3? Publisher and Proprietor