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DAILY PAPER $10 A YE AR. "LET OUR JUST CENSURE A TTl'XJ) THE TRUE EET TSakspear. TBI-WE EKLY 7 A YEAR. By J. E. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., MOlfDAY MiGRNIN, JULY 31, 1865. VOL, 1.--NO. 10 o THE PIIOXTX IS PUBLISHED i ? BAILY AND TRI- WEE KL F. ASD TUB WEEK?Y GtEMJEB EVERY WEDNESDAY. BY JULIAN A. SELBY. TER JifS-IN A I) VA N CR - SUBSCRIPTION. Daily Taper, six. months.$5 "00 * Tri-Weeklj-,. " " t.;*> 50 Weekly, . " " .'J 00 I Singlo copies of th? Daily ami Tri-Wocldr, , 10 couts; ol' tho Weekly, 15 cenes. ADVERTISE JIEXTS Inserted in cither thc Daily or Tri-Weekly at j SI per square for thc tu'st" insertion, and 75 -cents for each subsequent insertion. In thc Weekly, $1 a square. . ??9"Spo?dal notices 13 cents a litie. -.Tollu S. Kosby. John S. Mosby, the famous pa? rilla chief, -Aras visible on thc streets of , Richmond recently. Somebody lias .described Mosby as a handsome mau in personal appearance, but he is nothing of the sort. Of ordinary height, his build is good euoitgh, but his face is very common-pla*ce, and his , light brown ltair. worn unkempt, #dds nothing to -ts attractiveness. Moshy's j features and expression would impress you as. th ose of a man resolute and j cunning,' not .cautiously honest ncr I viciously cruel, and I suspect that in the stories of his cruelty he has been , . somewhat belie 1. His business in Richmond is to re? gain possession of some tobacco lie j claims, and I was sorry to hear him remark that it? is all he has iu the ? world, for I know he. will not get it, ? .and he owes the Inquirer for a horse ' and divers other articles, taken from me by some of his band last summer, and I imagine aur chance ol' restifcn- j tion to be, small. In another sense, ic I was unpleasant to hear him admit Iiis j poverty, for if lie told thc truth, it i shows that he was grievously swindled ] ut the final division of the spoils on ! the^brcaking up of his command, and further, it controverts the ?nconifort ablo axiom concerning honor among thieves. When the life of \John Singleton Mosby conies to be written, it will show a succession of startling per? sonal adventures unsurpassed by those of any partisan chief on record. That Mosby Avas always hanging on the out-skirts of our Armies, cutting oil our trains, capturing our stragglers and harraxsiug us in (?very possible way, the people generally know; but they do not know that he went in and out of our camps et his own pleasure, and was never once detected. It is .said (and undoubtedly true) that while. Burnside lay opposite Fredi'vicksburg, in the winter of 1S62, Mosby dined Avith him, in the character of a Union farmer from across the river, and ga? thered, with his shrcAvd cunning, from* the gener.il table-talk, much valuable information,' Avith which he regained the rebel lines without molestation. One of the best things told of him occurred that same winter and in the saun; neighborhood. Burnside, that winter, Avas literally badgered by Mosby. He seemed ubiquitous, and atlast it became dangerous to go from , camp at all, as the least ramble was .sure* to result in capture by Mosby. At last Burnside became weaned ont, and determined to capture thc parti? san, and to this end sent detachments of cavalry to scour the'country tho? roughly, and bring him in dead or aliA'c. One day, one of these detach? ments, led by a lieutenant-colonel, . 'was ?going up the Dumfries road* when, from a house in sight of the Federal lines, a man emerged, dressed in the uniform of a Federal captain, and attended by one orderly, dressed in our cavalry bl* e. At the gate were two horses, marked U. S% and fur? nished with our regulation-saddle and bridle, and mounting, the captain rode up and accosted the colonel, who Avas still marching up the road. The colo? nel informed his new companion that he Avas in search of this-Mosby^^ and asked if he had heard anything of hint. The captain had heard and knew to a certainty that an hour be? fore Mosby had boen at Jones', four miles up the road. Visions of promo? tion and nowspriprr paragraphs dane hif? before him, the colonel ordered "trot, inarch," wlille the captain, frith his orderly, clashed across a field to a farm-house, to got some milk, he said, before returning to camp. Ai'- J riod at Jones', the colonel found that Mosby had indeed been there, but also found that ho had departed in the j direction of Burnside's camps. Back the colonel beat in baste, making "in- | quirics everywhere, but finding no | trace. Arrived agai*-at the house from which his communicative cap? tain had appeared, the woman accost- I ed him, and this colloquy ensued : Woman-"Kuna i, who was that, ei'C Yank capting met ye lu re, as ye was gwine tuther way?" Colonel-"I don't know his name, [bathe beloved to a Massachusetts I regiment." Woman-"Yeas, well kneow aint you sold. That air was John Mosby. I Colonel-"it-!" And he rodo back t<> eamp,sftnd said i nothing whatever about iii-' morning's work, except to report that he had not i captured him. Some of Iiis men did. j however, and that?story floated about j tiie anny during the rest o? the war. Many such things as this are told of Mosby, and his power for mischief ] ? was so sensibly felt in the Valley, last summer and autumn, that PhiLiShe ridan used to swear at liim in his most liearty style. Mosby now is a citizen of the United States, uo better and* no worse than the thousands of other Virginians who have .laid clown their arms. -Ph iladetpJi ia Inqu in r. Important littler from Gen. Thmin?. Gen. Thomas has addressed the fol? lowing letter to Hon. A. ?I. Fletcher, .Secretary of the State of Tennessee:' HDQRS. MIL. DIVISION OF TKXXKSSEI:, ^ASHVILLE, July 15. 1.SG5. Jinn. A. J. Fletcher. Secretary of tiktie, Nashville. - Sm: I have tho honor to acknow? ledge the receipt of your communica? tions of the 10th and 11th inst., en I"dosing' the ?t?l?graphie instructions from Gov* Brownlow. 1 am only I awaiting the report from Col. De 1 Bussey, to determine what action to i take in the case of Emerson Etheridge. If he has been guilty of the language ! charged against him* he is clearly ' amenable to military authority, in Che j absence of civil, and liable to be tried j before a military etuumissioii. Since my attention has been -ailed i to the speeches of other parties, I j have carefully read all reports of such i sm-eches which have appeared in i newspapers, and, as yet, have not seen ! the report which would justify an in ; trrference of the military authorities. ! li', however, there be, in thc jndg : mont of the Government, at any time ', a necessity for such interf?rence, in j consequence of inability or indisposi ! tion on the part of the civil authori? ties of the State to take,action, the expression of such a desire, either on tlie part c> the. Govoriibr, or yourself I in behalf of the Governor, statine; the j inability or indisposition ol' the civil ; authorities to act, wHl be sufficient, j and I will cause the parties complained of to be attended to according to tile ' nature of the case, j The State of Tennessee is still under ! martial law, but the military authori ; ties will not be resorted to unless the I civil authority fails to act, either from ' inability or indisposition. Even in ! the event of a failure oh the part of ! the civil authorities to do their duty, j the military should refrain from intev i fering in all minor cases, because thc military sin mid, as far as possible, sustain the civil government, and never assume its ?unctions except in cases in which prompt action is neces? sary to insure public safety. In conclusion, the Governor may rest assumed -that he will be fully sus? tained in carrying out| the policy of the General and State Governments as long as troops remain on duty in thd State. Very respectfully, vour obedient servant^ G. H. THOMAS, Maj. Gen. U. S. A., Comd'g. The proprietor of a bathing-house in Venice hus produced cotton on the sea-shore, which has been declared by dealers in the article to be superior in fineness and length to American cot? ton. If this be true, cotton ia not yet king. RTCCTMOVD, July 2G, 18G5. Jiangs Gordon Bennett, Esq., Editor of the New York Herald. ' i DKAI? Sm: Tour Richmond jarres- , pondent^in his communication pub? lished in the Herald of the 4th of July, in which he gives biographical sketches of .?veral generals in tHe I J Southern army, mentions the Tact that j I.I had commented the practice of law ! in this city-prefacing it with a state- t j mont that 1 served in tho rebel army ' for the-first two years of the war; hav? ing, for*a part of the time; full com i mand of tho Polish Legion, raised by a countryman of mine, and that I resigned my commission in the army <>-.er ?wo years ago, because of an in? dignity ofiVrcd io 7fro by .Mr. Davis in the promotion ?over me of a junior 1 ollie- r. Each ?fart of this prefatory stati'incnt boin peiTon eons or founded on some narrative vi!ii< h misled yoi tr ctjri'i aponctent, the writer of an edito? rial in the li ni:'!, of the Tri: of July. ! .whilst centr? vf ri in g it. and requesting von;- corresponden11 to be more care? ful, has represented me to be "a j Southern advftnturer; that I came from Germany and ?ftere?! my services to the Federal Government; that being * rt'fused. r wnt to New Orleans, sind attempted to* raise a brigade for the rebel army; that the rebel authorities refused to make in? either a Brigadier General or Colonel, and thatthc rebel Congress threw out a bili Tor three thousand dollars which I brought be? fore them." Every letter of this, intended to bc a corrective statement, is also erro uons, and docs me great injustice: yet being unwilling t.- . place myself before the public in any attitude whatsoever, my first impulse after reading thc articles in question was to remain srientj^Liitl not correct the errors they contain. Ry reason, however, of my antecedent connection \\*;th the affairs of Poland; of my having held a com? mission as major in the army of 1830 31 ; of my having served as Vice-Pre sident-of the Polish Council in Avig? non, iu France; of being well-known in tin- United Slates as a lecturer on tho, history of Poland and policy of Russia, (on, which snhjeVt I addressed over six hundred public meetings, in? cluding tho literary institutions and sixteen State Legislatures in tho Western States;) of having held a con? troversy for more than two years, through the public press, with the authpr i .i' the ''Skek-hcs of tlui History of Northern Nations of Europe," which were published in the National f/w?er, by the editor of the American ('fii&tteei; over the signature of "Taci? tus"-tor these reasons, I say. it is thought by mj friends that silence might furnish iiaterh.l for speculative charges to implicate my countrymen, the Poles, in un Southern proclivities, and I feel, therefore, compelled lo'ad dross you r?sped fully, to correct, those erroneous reports about me which were published JI the Herald, and to check the apprehended inferences that my taking part with the South, may affect the interest of my countrymen at the N'or?h. [ came to the United States in 1837; in 1848, [ becamo a naturalized eitzen thereof; and in 18-in, 1 was admitted to the bar hi Bal? timore and New York, and allowed io practifqin -the Supreme Court of the United. States, .ill of which is matter of record. When tlie ww eommeneed, I went to Montgomery Ala., and offered my services to the Confederate States, not because of any hostility to the Union, but simply bemuse it was my earnest belief that comtitutional guarantees were refused ti the Southern States. For this reason I never ottered mili? tary services ti the.Federal Govern? ment. Authority was given to me to raise a regimcit, and if I found it practicable, to wise a brigade, for my own command and when I raised a brigade and rejorted it really to take the field, only t colonelcy of one. of the regiments vas offered to me. I rejeetoJtthis offer; withdrew from the service m Augist, 1801 ; and brought President Davjs before the? bar of Congress to obtain certificate of that ..body that I "loft tho command of my brigade without fault on my part, and to recover mj expenses. Congress passed, .unaniaously, joint resolu? tions at the last cession, fully approv? ing my conduct; tendering the thanks of tho Confonfederate*States to me, and directing the Secretary of the Treasury io refund me six thousand four Etrpdred and twenty dollars. As those THNolutions were sent to l'e?ji dcnt Davis ouly four days before the adjournment of Congress, he pocketed them and de prived me even of the recovery of my money. I have here stated these facts for no oilier purpose than simply to correct' erroneous reports about my services to the Confederate States, which found their way into your paper. My chief object, however, in addressing to you this correction, is uvsay that my coun? trymen, the Toles, had nothing to do** with the proclivities which wedded ray future to the South. There*were only four Toles in my brigade, and they abandoned it when, I withdrew from the service. My countrymen generally disapproved my taking part with the South, and the Polish Demo? cratic societies sent me from Londott. (England) and Pans. (France) a set of r?solutions, disapproving it. I an? swered those resolutions, and I am ahme responsible for my conduct in this respect. Now that the principles upon which the old Union was built and its Constitution framed, are sup? planted by new ones that have sur? vived the war, I have Jaleen the oath of amnesty under the proclamation of tht late President .Lincoln, being of the opinion that when the God of battles is in favor of these new prin? ciples, it is the duty of every rational Southerner not to obstruct their de? velopment and growth. We should now seels happiness for ourselves and for post erity, in their maturity, and do all we can fo speed it. With great respect, J um vom,* most?obedient ser? vant, G. TOCHMAN. An English prpvineia.1 newspaper describes a new shell, the invention of <?. Mr. Thews. Tho new shell projec? tile consists of a perfectly globular shell-the shape to which Government ha*; rthown preference-containing a second, smaller shell, of the same form; this, again, contains a third shell, which, in its turn, contains a fourth. Tin1 idea may be most popularly ex? plained by supposing one pill box en? closed in another; this, again, by a third; and lastly, a fourth. The inner shells are about a quarter of an inch thick. The sixes are so arranged that between each shel] there is a clear ( hamber all around/or about an inch. The smaller shell and the several chambers are lilied with gunpowder by a very ingenious contrivance of the inventor's, and the whole would be then - closed np by the'ordinary fuse. THE YIT?OTXTA EJECTIONS.-Gov. Pierpont has addressed a notice to the Justices of the County Courts of Vir? ginia, saying he lias reliable informa? tion that m a number'of Counties in the Stab' persons have been elected to thd'ofiice of Common wealth's Attor? ney, Sheriff, Commissioner and Reve? nue and Clerk of Court, and in some instances, Justice of the Peace, who are disqualified by a clause of th* Constitution, which excludes from voting or holding offices any persons who have ladd any oihtfe under or been a member of any so-called Con? federate Congress or Legislature. The Just icies are directed to consider aH offices above referred to, ?o which persons so disqualified shall have been elected, vacant, and to olde? elections immediately to fill such vacancies. GUNNY BAGGING 'AND ROPE. *0/-r BAiiTCR superior Oannv BAGGING. i?*y 50 coils HOPE. For sale low for rauh bv * KENNETH? & GIBSON. 'Aa- 12_\\ Notice.-Charitable Appeal. 1 THE ladies of the URSULINE CONTENT and ACADEMY are anxious to rebuild, ia speedily as possible, an edifice suitable for their Monastery and Institute, theirs jabing been tue ned in the general confla? gration of Columbia by thc United States ?Vrniy, under Gen. Sherman, on the night or February 17th. And while they are far Vom pressing'their necessities on their fcl ow-snffcrcrs of thc South, will gratefully .cceive any contributions which toe friends >f education and religion may donate them fop this^oxcellent work. Remittances may >e made through the Express Company. Please address THE MOTHER SUPERIOR, CVsuIin? Convent r/.;I Academy, Care Dr. John Lyacn, Columbia, 3. C." Aug 2 liao Theological Seminary, COLI.dBIA, S. C. 4 rr^KE EXERCISES of this Institution will X be r?sum?e?, on WEDNESDAY, the first day of November next. Students -desiring 'admission to the several classes are request? ed to communicate with the Faculty at an carly day. Aug 14 3 New Goods! UTE8T emiSI ?3"xiWt Reoeivedi min: MILAN CAP. J. SWISS HATS. KEW] 'OUT FALLS. Black and Whit* Leghorn HATS. At ZEALY, SCOTT & BRUNS'. _Ang U_3_ Cabinet and Nectar Whiskey. JUST received from Baltimore, a few cases of CABINET and NECTAR WHISKEY, which, for purity and ag*.?, cannot bo sur? passed N. B.-Thc above ? ?U only be sold on tho order or*CoL Haughton. JOHN' STORK, Rear of old stand, below the Market. Aug 12 ._v_3_ ~Wm. H. Talley, Attorney <>t Lair a?d Solicitor in Equity, HAS resumed the ^practice of his profes? sion in Columbia and the Districts ad-, jaeent. During th e. rebuilding of bis oflice -No. 4 Law [tange-he may -bc found at. Kev. N. Talley's residence, corner ol' Ger? vais and Pockens streets. Aug 12 +3^_ Fresh Groceries, &c. 4 FRESH SUPPLY of GROCERIES just il. opened, and for sale afjehcap as can bo hud in thc city, for cash or barter for coun? try produce and provisions. Call and soo before purchasing elsewhere, as my object is ti? s'ell low and "ready sale and- short profits." I will abo attend,.with despatch, to tho sales of any PROVISIONS that may bc for? warded to mc, and account for <>r remit as oraered. GEO. L. PRATT, . Assemblv street, ono*door from Richland. Aug 10 t-i*_?? "ADAMS, FROST & co., . CHARLESTON; S. C., " ARE prepared to sell COTTON or PRO 1K.'CE in 'Charleston, New York or Liverpool, as may bo most advantageous; and to make liberal advances on consign meats to them. They will furnish planters as tar as possible the usual facilities. Aug 8 gi_ Mill and Jliind-Saw Files, Cast Steel? I have on hand, arid will sell low, a & ^few dozen English MILL and HAND \?KSAW FILES, A sinai) lot English half-inch" Cast Steel, A few bars g Round Swced Iron, ' A handsome Carriage, suitable for one or two lu irses, ?A Leather Top Bugg-tfand Harness in good order, ~? ., One large size Letter Press. Aug 8 tu3*_JOS. MARSH. CALL AT- - C. S. Jenkins' m *, ? m m $ Assembly Street, TRIBU Dooli Eli OM PENDLETON. Aug >0_* . 10 ? fijESg^ PRS. REYNOLDS'-?* REY uT^^Ei^? NOLDS, being now fully pre ^^-CCXxr naied. resume the. practice"?f their profession in all its departments. Office, for the present, at thc C<-]um-. bia Female Academy. Aug 1? 7. T. D. DAYlt?. W. T. HcFEAT. Commission mill Forwarding Notice? THE undersigned, late officers of tho Greenville and Columbia Railroad at Columbia, will, until the said road is repair? ed between Alston and Columbia, uddertake to forward, with despatch, articles of every description, to and from ali stations on that, road and ( ?olumbia. They will also buy or sell on commission, ;ind attend to business of any kind offered to them. Address them at cither Newberrv or Co? rnubia. DAVIS ic McEEAT. iv". u7 JOHNSTON^ 3VC ? gistrat e , O?re on Plckcns street East end of Lady'. VC ^" I LL attend to all official business T V brought before him; will also attend ,o drawing up Deeds, Conveyances, Mort? gages, Contracts, and other ordinary legal nstrumcnts of writing. Fair copies of any locument executed with neatness and de? spatch. _ August 1 School for Girls. THE MUSES MARTIN will open a School for GiRs on fee FIRST MONDAY in Oe iober. Besides tl,o usual English studios, esaocs-viii be given in Latin, French and Siusic. A few hoarders will be restcvod uto the family. Applv at their residence on Bl&hding street. * August 11