Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, Ang. 10,186$. Farm Schooling. We republished, some short time since, a preamble andjresolutionssub mitted more than twenty years ago to the Agricultural Convention of the State, embodying a plan for-?he im? provement of the common school edu? cation of the State. We behove that the time has comb when the necessity I for the adoption of some such plan will be generally recognized. *It will be idle to continue any longer the ancient system in any other than the ? thickly settled town's. In the sparsely i settled regions of the country, the old f plan is a physical ' impossibility-a moral absurdity-unless you can put a school houst; at every poor man's door; and it will pc useless to do so unless yon put a decent and capable school? master in it. Our next Legislature will be forced upon the consideration of this among other topics vital to the prosperity, the growth and proper I development of Shite and people. In j a conversation, yesterday, with the j Rev. Mr. Yates, who is the regent or ? superintendent1 of thc (so-called) Ma- \ rine School of the State, he reports I the more recent experiments in that j institution to have been ol' the hap- ! piest results. This school, it. will be j remembered, was devised for thc pur? pose of training and educating :i cor- I tain portion of the poor youth of the j State, for the business of the sea, ns i sailors and marines. The blockade ] and shelling of Charleston harbor j compelled th^ removal of the school ? to the interior. Here, without chang- j ing its name, the school somewhat changed?its character, and became a i farm school instead of amarine sein ?ol. j The boys, instead of ploughing the sea?, were set to ploughing the land, and tacitly, as it were, the plan as submitted by us to the State Agricul? tural 8ociety twenty-odd years ago was put in practica. The echool was | required to be a self-supporting one. ? So many hours of the day were as signed to book, and so many to prac tical farming studies. The result, ac- j cording to Mr. Yates, has been^uni- \ nently ' encouraging. Tin? boys are growing equally in mind and body. ! They will become a useful racev>f farmers, with a far higher intellectual development than ii* the case of farm? ers generally; learn to read, write, cypher-the H. H. R.'s-and to plough j ana hoe, ??id reap and sow, and rake and mow-learn, in brief, all the de- ! tailed processes of thorough tillage I and a good . farm yard. Briefly, the school is not only superior to all other free schools of the country, but is. or will soon be made, entirely self-sup? porting. This is one of the "great desiderata in all such institutions. We trust that, among the first labors of the Legislature, when ic shall meet, shall be tl?e appointment of a coin emission to examine and'report upon this institution especially, indicate its ?advantages and defects, and suggest the processes for enlarging the one and repairing the other. As a matter of course, a like commission should report upon the college and the soi* disant military schools. Education, of the proper kind, and guided by thc most intelligent wisdom, must be .one of the greatest essentials in restoring our State and people to prosperity and strength. Genf^Lee, it is understood, is now engaged in writing, a history of his own campaigns during thc late civil '? war. Wc could wish that he would extend his pinn, and make his work an auoibiography. His own life may well be blended with his narrative, and should form a part of it, especially if he should propose only a history . of his own campaigns. We trust that his chief officers will each make his contribution to this history, and .supersede all the thousand catch? pennies of the press, which threaten to inundate us with false facts, false sentiments, false philosophy, and fudge and fustian in general. Features without grace are like a ' clock without a face. The speech of Gov. Perry, published in yesterday's papef*; is rather ? plhin statement of the substance of his, inter? view with the President, of their mu? tual views touching affairs, than a speech. It will be seen that they both indicate radical changes in the Consti? tution of the State; and for this we were prepared. The greajjjphnngc in OMT affairs, the overthrow of negro slavery, the necessity for radical alte? rations in our domestic policy, for the introduction of large bodies ol foreign | emigrants, for thc encouragement of J manufactures, mechanics, thorough j tillage., and every form of industry, will render these changes of but little importance to any party. But thc whole matter will be confided to the Convention, and we trust that they will bring the^ncccssary wit, wisdom i?nd virtue to thu task.. It wilTbe seen from this speech that Governor Perry claims a full authorization from t?e President for all that he has done and purposes doing. We ar*c told by a ! late member of the State LegisLxture, that if there hi any discrepancy be? tween the State and military authori? ties of South Carolina, it has arisen j wholly frgm tho fact that Gen. Ci ill- i more has received no official instruc- J rion, requiring from him thc recogni- j l ion "of the Provisional Governor. If"1 J this be so-but, in any way--itshould j be easy to ol ?viato all difficulties, if any, by a timely reference to the President, j Tho reader is also referred to thc sen- I sible view of his position, as taken by ! Maj. (.lon. Thomas, Acting Military | Governor in Tennessee, and contained ' in yesterday's PhwiiLr. A LOVE:: . STILL.-"No longer ai lover!'\evclaimed an aged patriarch. "Ah, heart! . Though silver hair fall over a brow all wrinkled and a cheek all furrowed, yet I am a lover still. 1 j love the beauty of the maiden's blush, j the soft tint of flowers, the singing of ; thc birds, and, above all, the silvery \ ring in tlx; laugh of a child. I love the star-like-meadows where the but- i tor-cups .grow, with almost the same I enthusiasm as when, with my ringlets I flyingdoojse in tho wimland my cap in ! hand, years ago, 1 chased the painted : butterfly. I love you, aged dane?. Look at her. Her face is care worn, I but it lias ever held a smile for nie. ! Often have I shared the. bitte r cup oP\ sorrow with her-and so shared, it j seemed almost sweet. Years of sick- | ness have stolen the freshness of her j life, but, like the faded reise, the*per- ? fume of her l?\*e is richer than when j in the full bloom of youth and matu? rity. * "Together we have placed buds* in i 'the pale, folded hands ol' the dead, together wept over little grave::. Through storms and through sunshine we. have flung together; and now she sits there with her cap quaintly frilled, j the old-styled kerchie! crossed white ! ?iud prim above the heart that has beat ! so long and truly for mo, the dim blue eye that shrinkingly fronts the glad 1 day; the sunlight throwing her a part- j mg farewell, kisses her brow, and I leaves upon its faint tfacery wrinkles j angelic radiance. I see, though ny | j one else can, the bright, glad young ! ! face that won me first kim1 through I i those withered teat ires, and the grow- j [ iug love ol' forty years thrills my heart ! j tid the tears come. I "Say not again I can no longer be a ' I lover. Though this form be bowed, ! i God feus implanted ete rnal love within. ; Let the ear bo deaf, the eye blind, the ! bauds palsied, the limbs withered, the ! brain clouded, yet the heart, the true I heart, may huid such wealth of'love ? that all the power of death and the j victorious grave shall not* be abbi to put out the quenchless flame." PRE-PAYMENT OF POSTAGE. -Previous to March, 1863, all letters were re? quired to bo pre-paid** mid the people ! had become so accustomed to thc law '.that not more tha.n 50,000 unpaid let ! tears were annually returned to the Dead Letter Office. But, at that date, Congress passed a law permitting all unpaid letters to puss through the mails, the receivers of them paying double rates. This arrangement re? sulted disastrously to the revenues, and so at the late Congress the law absolutely requiring prepayment \vas festered. The people generally, how? ever, are not aware of the fact, for the number of unpaid letters returned to the Dead Letter Office average 14,000 per day. A hind without? the laws is like a ci without her claws. Life without cheon* is like a cellar without beer. . * ?*j .M '*'t . *? / l5> 'rt* Mwslc. 7 Music m^the -concert room, in the church, iu the private parlor, around the fire-side, is pleasant and excellent; for .in loving unison with it, ?ty} spirit, is lifted np to the ctherial, loses sight pf the sensuality of self, and is made bf hoher and happier in ttie peculiar sentimentality of its inspiration. It iv, at home, however, that thc influence of music exerts its 'greatest po"wtr, ?specially if from hps that ve love come the sounds of song in svdet strains that lill the house wi th celestial harmonies. When the labors of the (Liv aro over, and the mind is barrass ed with care, and looks around it for relief, wheu throwing ourselves back into our easiest chair, we dissolve con? nection with the closing blinds, and longing, pray' for tilo, nepenthe that shall lull us into forgetfulness, tor a brief season at least, of perplex ingaild vexations business and*oifioial duties; then, perhaps, steals in upori us the well-remambered :gid well-loved voice of sister or mother, wife, daughter, sweetheart or friend, in. some simple lay ?if domestic pathos, and we. melt into tenderness in spite <<f our stone resolves, as the nielitiuous notes trem? ble upon our sensitive oars like the angels sing in th.' angelic chorus of Heaven. \ Blessed exorcist of blue demons is this'rireside music. How they vanish, in the clouds that leave the brow, and the mists of desponding discontent which roll away from the heart. All around us becomes redolent with the frankincense1 <>f cheerfulness, cast abroad from melodious censors by in? visible agencies, who surround us with constant surprises of good. Enchanting power of songs of even? tide ?tr home! Greatest and best of instrumentalities. The magnificence and stately grandenr#of genius may sound on loftier strings, hut in tho humbleness of son'.'", the sweet wood notes of home delight, thc heart linds its trues!? solace, and asks for nothing more. Oftentimes, when corroding care (unwelcome intruder) would come aud seat himself at our elbow, liv resorting tr? thc shrill, wild notes of bar juve? nile lute, tho companion rf? our later days, and thc subject of the poet's lays, we have drowned the disagree? able suggestions .of a restless spirit, and been soothed into a cann, refined feeling, akin to that inspired by the gaaiid, deep intonations of a full-toned organ. The infiuence is magnetic, /whether convc^pd by a reed of silvery softness, the staccato touch of a Chick ering piano, or tao powerful bellows oi a mighty organ, lint, above all, the influences of an instrumental per? formance, the passional:- notes that issue from the lips we love, induce higher aspirations, after the mysteries of an unknown intelligence, and speak a language familiar to every respon? sive heart. RESPIRATORY APPARATUS. -A series ol' experiments were made a few day.' ago. in Paris, with au apparatus, in? vented by Air. Galibi ra. to enable a man to breathe in the 'mi* 1st of dele? terious emanations. A quantity ol Hour of sulphur "was set fire to in a cellujttrand a sullieient quantity of sui phur^Bs acid being thus involved, ?1 fireman, who liad never used Gah bert's apparatus, wliicb is a combina? tion of air tubes .communicating with a sort of knapsack, filled with com pressed ail-, entered the cellar, ant .stayed twelve minute; in it, without experiencing any injuriwas eil'ects. Kn nostrils during thc time were strongly compressed by a sort of spring, ant ! his eyes protected by a pair ?d' specta des made fov tiie purpose. The mai j did not leavi the cellar uni il called In "the coloneL The cellar was thei filled willi a dense and acrid smoke j and another man went in with titi s.Mue success. At length Colonel Wil I lorine himself put. on tao apparatus j and stayed a considerable time in thu atmosphere of suffocating vapore o every description, ami convinced him seif by his own experience that a mai could breathe as freely villi thc appa ratus ns if he were in the open ail Similar experiments have been per formed at Versailles, and lately in on ol the cellars of the Soci?t? d'iSncoui I agement. When ?the air in the resin voir lias become foul by the action t breathing, fresh air may be intri duced; the knapsack, which is c metal, has a tin bottom, but the h consists of a skin or Leather bag. T ! drive ont the foul air tili* leather ba I has only to be pressed, down, and t ; fill the space with fresh air tho bag : pulled vp again. To fill a larg? space, like that of a goatskin, wit air, M. Crahbertnses a pair of bellow: slower process, but bett r adapted! the size of ila- recipient. j A master wiUiout'a cane is like i rider witli out the rein, j Marriage without means is like . horse witliout Iiis beans. 0 FAT?, or* GENIUS.'-^Many of Oui*' readers have, from time to time, seen poems floating tbjxuigh the papers, written in rustic dialect, by john Glare, an English peasant poet. John Clare was taken from his business, feted and flattered, -used as ? sort of minor hon by the English nobility ?md gentry, and suffered at. last to die an object of charity. From his life, re? cently published abroad, we get some interesting paiticulars. lt appears among other things that, though poor Clare had expressed a wish to sleep-in thc churchyard of his native, village, j dud the Superintendent of "he North- ! ainpton Asylum wrote to his patron, j Earl Fitzwilliam, asking for a grant of ! tha small sum necessary to carry the wish into effect; the Earl replied by a j refusal, advising tho^ burial of the poet as a pauper at Northampton. Fortunately, some Christian souls did ' raise the requisite burial finid, and j the poet's body having been conveyed ; to Helpstone, was interred there on f the 25th of May, last year, lt is also ' alleged that Earl Fitzwilliam, who ; seems to have taken Clare und -T his j charge, only allowed Ils. a week for ! the poet's maintenance during his. | long sojourn in the asyliuA, tait that ! thc authorities nevertheless placed him i in the best ward, among the private . patients. During the whole' twenty- ! two years Clare was in confinement at j Northampton, not one of his great or ' little patrons ever visited him. His I wife never once showed herself, nor ! any of his children, excepting the j youngest son,\who paid his father a j single visit. All this is very instrac- \ ti ve to a certain class of ambitious people abroad. Here we have no hobie. patrons.-and the man of real ability i? j not cursed that way. but the facts may ? give a useful lesson even here. . - . -?- ? - A SnrtKWD RASCAL. -The following j anecdote is related as havhie. recently j occurred in Paris: A weil known actress at on.- ol' thc i Imperial theatres, on returning home ! late at night, found the door of her ? apartment forced open, and, on enter- j ing, she met a man, who exclaimed; I "Min?ame, yon arrive very opportune- ; ly. f om one of your neighbors, and j haring heard a strange noise in your j apartment, ? was coming down to as- j certain the cause, when ? saw a man i run out ?md make li^s escapes loaring j your effects in tim stale you set-them." ? The artist lookedround, :tud perceived i that he? drawers und boxes had been j broken open, and that from one ol' them a splendid valuable diamond cross had been"taicen. She then asked tue stranger'if he would la- able to recognize the thief, and, as*1 ic-replied i in the affirmative, she b.->ggecl him to j start i:i pursuit, ned, ii he coi ?kl net overtake th? follow, to give a descrip? tion of him to tin- police. The ?nan sai.l ho would \.Uliugly render her that service, bad lin not to work all night to finish a job, which was to give, lim the means of buying bread for Ins children the next day. "How much shall you get for the job?" asked the*Lady. "Ten francs," : dd the man. "Well, then," said she. "here is a Napoleon; so leave your work and help me to recover my cross." Tiie man took the money with seeming reluctance, And hastily depart<*l, having succeeded not only in robbing the lady, but in obtaining a reward to catch the thief. (If cour u-, he has not been seen since. . A BALLOON DCEL.---Perhaps thc mos remarkable dmd ever fought took place in ?S03. It was peculiarly French in its tone, mid could hardly have occur? red under any otl?er than a French state o? society. M. Le Granpre ami M. Le Pique had a quarrel, arising ont of. jealousy concerning a lady engaged at the Imperial Opera. They agreed to fight'a dui! to settle their respec? tive claims; and in order that the heat of angry passion should not interfere with tiie polished elegance of the pro? ceeding, tiley postponed the duel lora month. Hie lady 'agreeing to bestow her smiles on tin* survivor of the two, if the other was killed; or, ut all events, this was inferred by the tjvo men, if not actually expressed. The duelists were to right in the air. Tw o baloons were constructed, uiveisely alike. On the day denoted J|U- Gran? pre and his'second entered the ear of one balloon, and Le Pique and his second that of the others; it was in the Garden ol' the Tuileries, amid the im? mense concourse ol' spectators. The, gentlemen were to fire, not Qt each I other's ballons, in order to bring them down by the escape of gas; and, tis pistols might hardly have serv ed the purpose, each a>ronaut took a bhmder i bust in his ear. At a given signal tho ropes that .retained the cars, were cut; j and the balloons ascended. The wind j was moderate, and kept the balloons j in about their original distance ol' j eighty yards apart. WKen lud? a mile I above the surface of the earth, a pre concerted signal for firing was givens M. Lc Pique t?red bat missed. M. Le Granpre iiiel and sent a ball through Le Pique's balloon. Tho balloon col-; lapsed/ the ear descended with f right? ful rapidity, and Le Piqu? and his second were dashed to pieces. . Le Granpre continued his is'ent tri? umphantly, and 'terminated his orial voyage successfully, at a distance, of seven leagues from Paris. Xiooal Itoms. To insure insertion, aviver Users are re qucs.ted to band in ?herr notices bol'sre 4 ?vie'ck ]>. nf! Attention i:: directed 'to the important General Orders published in this morning's Ambrotypes, at fifty cents pei* head,, are now 'made in Charleston, The ternis of immortality are becoming cheap in the ancient metropolis. By the 'way, in this connection, we aro told of a photographic und ambro ty p IIlg establishment :;i this city, which viii wh?r?y be r-ady for the reception ortho fair. Put the best fac-j on the matter, yoiug ladies. Ni:v.- AnvEttriSEafssTS.-- -Attention is called t.. the following advertisements, which are published for the first time this morning: Col. N. Haughton-Gen. Orders No. ?i. Gen. Qt A. Cillmo.e - " " " ii. Creii. "'.leade- " " 'U. Gen. J. P. Hatch- t-'?. , Gen. Q. A. Gilhuero- " " " H.. (?.:?>. John P. Hatch- " " fc7. Gen. Ti lei P. Hatch- lt " 81. ii. M. Lr.me-Viii, and Man. P. li. J. G. Gibbes-City Ta xc-s. . . II. Solomo:; & Co. -fa-rup. P. i'antwcll- Frcf.ii Grocer**:. y.< i ?o <V Orchnril- 3fe\v Store. V'rof. "Woodrow.-Private Sc Li ?ol. Jacob Levin-I-ur:: i in iv. ,\c. THE STATES or rm; UXIQS.-The ioiiow&g is ix Hst of the States consti? tuting the Union, with the dates of their admission. "Colorado and Ne bras?? had authority, but refused to ;. rm State Constitutions. The thirty -- si:: stars in our national flag" m\v Llici'cf -re,.designated as under: Delaware, D xvmber 7, 1787. Pennsylvania, Dceefhber 12, 1787. New Jor-ey, December 18, 1787. Georgia, * January 2, 1788. Connecticut, . JaauarV?, 1788. Massachusetts, February (5, 1788. Marvland, April 28, 1788. South Carolina. May 23, 1788. New Hampshire, -Tune 21, 178c. Virginia, June 26, 178s. New York. .Tub- 20, 1788. North Carolina, Nov:mbir21, 178'.!. Rhode Island, Mav 29, 179'.'. Vermont, March i, 1791. Kentucky, .fu?e 1, 179t. Tuiiuessee, June 1, 1796. Ohio. ? November 20, lSlci. Louisiana, April 18, ?819. Indiana. December llv181b. Mississippi, December 10*181*'. Illinois, December ?, 1818. .Alabama, December ll, 1819. Maine, March 15, lH'io. Missouri, AugustlO, 182!. Arkansas, June 10, 1S30. Michigan, January 26, 1837. Florida, March A, lSi'i. Texr.rs, December 2'..', 1815. Iowa, December 28, 1810. Wisconsin, May 29, 1818. California, September 9, 1859. Minnesota, December, 1857. Oregon, . December, 1802. Kansas, March, 1862. West. Virginia, Fob. or March. 1863. Nevada, October, 1864. Taxes!. Ta zes!! IT is absolutely necessary that the CITY . TAXES be eoHeetoTwirimut fiu-ther dt- ' lav. .Mr. Dankte will be ifcund at the Ch-v Hall, or Odd Fello.Cs School House, and i's authorized to receive la ves. .JAMES Ci. (ULifT.s, Mavor. AUK 10 3 COPARTNERSHIP. . COLTJMBIAj AUGUST 1?>, 1865. rp ll J-', nndersi'gn.ed, having formed a bnsi .1 lies? connection with the lim? of fcEAXY, SCOTT Si liRCNtf, under ihc&tvlo of HUTSON LEE rt CO., for thc purpose'of conducting an AUCTION, GENERAL COM? MISSION and EXCHANGE EBOKERAGE, respectfully solicits the patronage of the public. ' . HUTSON LEE. -??? Hereafter, the Auction and General Com mis.i >n Business done by us will lu : ct a ducted bv Mona's. ilUTSON LEE & CO. .Aug IC ? ZEAL!', SCOTT Cv BRUNS. [ IICTSON LEE & co., ! Auctioneers, General Coin. Argents and Exchange Brokers, COLUMBIA, S. C. A. NY business entrusted to them will rc 1\. ceire prompt attention. CiOLl), SILVER, SECURITIES and BANK NOTES bought and sold. . liefer to Messrs. WILLIS & CHISOLM and Messrs. JOHN FRASER & Co., Charles? ton. S. C. GEORGE rCFlLKY, Esq., and M.-ssrs. F. C. BARBER ti CO., Augusta. Ga. Messrs. RTEHHOUSE * MCCAULEY Charlotte. N. 1'. Oitic.na- the mes. ..a ai Meiisra. ZeDly, Seo;: l\> Bruns. Atv; io undi'