Newspaper Page Text
DAMY PAPER $10 A YBAR "LET OUR JUST CENSURE ATTEND THE TI?UE EVEN-" ' TRI-WEEELY $7 A YEAR.
BY J. A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., MONDAY XORNING, AUGUST 28, 1865. VOL. L-NO. 1 THE PHONIX IS PUBLISHED BAILY ANJ) TRI-WEEKLY. AMD THE WEEKLY GLE???ER EVEBT WEDNESDAY. BY TOI?&S ?. SELBY. TERMS-IN ADVANCE. SUBSCRIPTION. Daily raper, six mont&B.$5 00 Tri-Weekly, .. *. .S 50 , Weekly. " " . ? 00 , Singlo'copi?s of the Daily and Tri-Weekly, -70 cunts: oi the Weekly, l3 cents. ADVEitriSKMENTS Insert?d in either tho Daily or Tri-Weeklv nt fl per S'-piare^for the tirst insertion, ani 7? 'cents for or.ek\;iihse(pient insertion In the Weekly. SI a square. ??"Special noticQS 13 cents a linc. Sciiftu i'caal. We annex as. extract from the cor? respondence of the New York Sunday Mercury, which Will strike the risibili? ties of our readers with peculiar force. YVe are uncertain which the authoi xleaerves most-pardon for his love ol the improbable, or pi^y for his igno? rance: . That the miserable attempt of fo? reign powers to set up a monarchy ut - our doors is not to go without Ameri? can aid, alas! *s too mournfully re? vealed by the following facts. Our readers wifi be astounded and angered at what they learn from the .subjoined paragraphs, but thc; facts are part and parcel of contemporaneous history, and gladly .ts we would suppress them, must be told: This country has given birth to fou such men as ex-Vice-President Join: C. Breckenridge, und that te one, per? haps, who united the same orighiahty. 'comprehension of intellect, with t spirit as during and as bold. Thal exception is x\aron Buir. It is no strange, then, that men cast in tin . s*me mould should pursue alike ca reel*. Th?ro seems, indeed, to be ? it si milu vi ty i:i their fortunes, and thu far the living man hus trod in the sam path as the dead. Both of these mei ?were of distinguished family; and wer 'alike aft'able, persuasive, influential bold and enterprising. If they wer ? unscrupulous, they scorned all dan ger and knew no fear. Both, in the" time, were lawyers, statesmen, an warriors and vice-Presidents of th United Stats?, und both attempted 1 break up their Government. ?iot failed. Burr's great project, which ?ooke to a vice-royalty in Mexico, ended i his fruaneial ruin, nod niter his tri; he became an exile. He was a bani rapt in honor as well as in _ fort un? but his spirit was unconquered an unconquerable. Breckinridge seen to be his prototype. Bun- went 1 Europe, and endeavored to enlist tl great Napoleon in \is Mexico projet but that sagacious monarch decline to entertain his proposition, only b cause all Europe was bunded agsin him; and so Burr's Mexican empi fell through. Now, john C. Breckin ridge li gone to Franco to present tb anoth Napoleon a scheme in many respec , ident ical with that of Bun.-. In oth words, he proposes to enlist sohlic and emigrate to the empire of Ma. indian. It has hitherto been announced tl General Breckinridge sailed ft om E . vana for Europe. We are now able say that this was in pwsuance o? plan agreed on in Hamha, and tl . his mission is to secure the endor ment Of his seiieme by the Empei Napoleon. The emigration is intel ed to embrace all cla?ses, includi the aged and prudent planter, as v as the stalwart and daring youth Kentucky and the South, whose h service in the army have unfitted th for the quiet and peaceable pursuit hie. Thfts, while the emigration i be buna?de, the result will be to ca thousands of Confederate soldiers i the anny of Maximilian. These v, of course, be under the command General Breckinridge. Several of prominent military friends in the YS ?, are only awaiting intelligence-to ( cute his orders. In the meantime, uncertainty of labor, and other D bles in the Southern States, are ) paring largo bodies of their people for precisely such an enterprise. Such is the plan originated by Gen. Breckinridge, and it is a feasible one. He was very popular in the South, and just the leader to cany this through successfully. Always gentle and cour? teous, but brave evoir to rashness, ho won the plaudits of the people and the hearts of his soldiers. Whenever he raises his standard again, thou? sands -will-flock to him and follow his fortunes. THE DEDUCTION. Thus the Mexican imbroglio seems complete. The culmination of Eu? ropean intrigue and domestic perfidy seems to be at hand. The groat re? public is to bo icrced into conclusions for-thc safely ?d' republican institu? tions on this continent ?iud the rescue of a weaker sister State. For half a century, money, diplomacy and force i have been alternately broilght to boar to check our advances and erect a monarchy in our path of republican empire. Providence extricates us from domestic turmoil just in time to catch the foe napping at our gates. We lind hun "in flagrante delicia," with the blood of his victims on his bauds - vi the dagger raised to 'strike ourselves. Who shall repine, if, unheeding the remonstrance and tho wruth of this groat people, tile aggressor should defy his fate, and who, should case arise, will uot join in the cry re-echo? ing from the St. Lawrence to the Isthmus of Tehauntepec, "Bown with the empire: Long live the republic!" Al>a<llcloned Property in the South. The frequency of complaints iu re gard ro tho recovery of buildings claimed to have boen seized as aban? doned property, and so huid by thc officers of tjie-Government, is becom? ing a matter of public importance. There seems to be occasions for st many changes of officers and transfer: of jurisdiction from one d?partiront of the Government to another, am froin'one bureau ?d' a department t< anotle-v. that owners of-property fun groat difficulty in tracing possessio! and ascertaining the proper parties ti whom to apply for redress. Thc Government at Washingtoi does not, in mosteases, seem to undAr stand tlie rod situation ol' Souther] property. Property owners in th South not unfrcqucntiy own severn residences. Tn this vicinity, for in stance, we.know of gentlemen, not ? few. who have a winter town house, resilience on the sound for mid-sum moy, and a plantation residencp i trie country beside. Of course it. i impossible for these gentlemen to ot enpy all these residences at ono an the same time. On thc approach i our troops to this town some of the were vacant, and were taken posse* sion o?as "abandoned." Another Oase of property similar] held is that owned by . ..tates yet. i probate, or the property of widow mid orphans held by executors, (? course such property cannot be attaii ed, and the Government does nc mean to hold it; but having bee found "abandoned" -that is, with 1. owner present to (daim it-the antin rities seized it, and now the rightfi owner's experience an endless amoui of di??et?ty in reclaiming it. This the case in at least one instance no in our mind, where not only is tl property owned by a widow, but h representative is a loyal man boyo: dispute, having already boen entrai ed with a responsible ? lice in th town, and complied with feu the r quircments of oath, Ac. Much properly is now heid by il Government representatives here tb has never been formally seized by ti officers of thc Treasury Departmei and is not now nor never has be entered on the books of the Tren.su Agents; and yet the owners, bei loynl men within all the requiremei of the law and the proclamation of t President, cannot recover possessio Our citizens aro put to great inoont nience and loss because of this distr< of their property, and are unable see any remedy. The Government being injured also from the sai cause, by reason of thc tendency sn treatment works to weaken thc coi dence of the people in its represen fions. Complaints are brought in us almost daily in regard to tb matters; but tho most we can do is refer the complainants to the Treasury Agent. AVe presumo the Treasury Agent is similarly enfbarrassed, not knowing by "what authority property I not in his hands is held, and being I incapable of affording any redress to I tho injured parties. Probably an ap I peal to "Washington and a full repre? sentation of the facts would draw out a general order that would open a door for relief in such cases as aro en? titled to it. . We have also boen applied to per? sonally and by letter l'or information as to the proper modo of procedure to recover property rightfully seized at tho time, but tho own rs of which have since purged themselves of their hostility to the Government by taking tho required oaths, or applying for and receiving the executive pardon. Wo presume such partios will have tUKt property restored to thom. Hvde^cit has been restored in the eases of some who were formerly prominent as ene? mies to tho United States. And yet we are sorry to say that others com? plain that, while they have never been i hostile to the Government, tiny lind i it difficult in getting their property, ?lld cite cases to show the injustice of liic treatment they receive. All such should lay their cuses before the repre? sentative? of tlie Treasury Department, where wt have no doubt they will obtain both . ounsol and relief. .[ Wilniinylon Jirrah/, 17///. THE PAXIC IN WALL STREET.-There was fr terrible excitement in Wall street yesterday". Tia' semes of '37 and '07 seemed likely to be re-enacted, and even on a more gigantic scale. I See our news columns Jmd money ar- j ticlos l'or particular.-:. Tiie present week opened in that ! famous street with? decidedly panicky ? feeling. The P li cord:: I lank artair lani 1 engendered di* tn: sj?- am! ruc suspi- i eions that hung upon on. ei tue gobi operations on Saturday became glar? ing facts ou Monday, and increased the excitement. Yesterday morning the si reefs were alive with rumors; j ste. . .; were pressed on tin; market, and when it was evident that ?in ont- ! ?uu'st of some description was likely to be the feature of the day, some of th*; leading railroad shares suffered a decline ol eight toten per cent, from tho quotations ol* Mol?day. When it became known that one of tho most prominent firms lind succumbed to the pressure id' some supp* ?sod ilk git.mate operations, and was compelled to sus? pend with a million or more of irre? gular liabilities, tho fever rose to its Height and became intense. What the j result will be remains to be seen, j Perhaps many will bo forced into the positions of bankruptsbefore the close ' of another dav. The beginning of ' thc end is approaching, and unless some radical change is made, and that . speedily, in our financial system, we must pass through a depressing ordeal before we regain our lornier healthy condition. lt, was svi in England during hov ; monetary troubles m ISIS and 1S25. | Panics, revolutions and defalcations i wei-.- of almost weekly .occurrence | while she was endeavoring to restore j ber finances, and sonic pf the leading men in the kingdom, including those 1 holding high military stations as well ! ns naval officers and nobleman, were swallowed up in those frequent finan? cial maelstroms. If we would avoid those difficulties wa must change our course, and check the inordinate de? sire for speculation that has seized the minds of most of the men who operate in the vicinity of Wall street. [Xiun > urk Herald. Tee Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad has been restored *by the GroverniM-nt to the company. The .itv of Charleston is a largo stock? holder in this road, and Ave believe that then; are many stockholders throughout the State. The restoration :>f the road is a matter of pecuniary interest to all these parties. During a late debate in the British Parliament, a member stated that in England and Wales alone there were i million of paupers, and five hundred thousand moro on the verge of pau? perism. The. heavy national debt and the high tastes necessary to meet the interest upon it were assigned as the cause. COPARTNERSHIP. COLUMBIA, ?UOUST 15,18G5. THE undersigned, having formed a busi neas connection with, tho frm of ZEALY, SCOTT .V" BRUNS, under the style of HUTSON LEE & CO., for tin. jmrr.ose of conducting an AUCTION, GENERAL COM? MISSION and EXCHANGE BROKERAGE, respectfully solicits thc patronage nf tho public. * HUTSON LEE. Hereafter, the Auction and General Com? mission Business done bv ns will he con? ducted by .Messrs. HUTSON' LEK A* CO. . Aug Ki 6 ZEALY, SCOTT .t, BRUNS. EE & "i Auctioneers, General Coin. Agents and Exchange Brokers, COLUMBIA, S. C.. 4 NYbusinesa entrusted to them will re .zY- ceiveprompt attention. GOLD, SIBV blt. SECURITIES and BANK NOTES bought and sold. _ Refer to Messrs. WILLIS ?f CHISOLM and Messrs. JOHN PHASER & Co., Charles? ton, S. C. GEORGE SCHLEY, Esq., and Messrs. F. C. BARBER * CO.. Augusta, Ga. Messrs. STENHOUSE A, McCAULEY, Charlotte, N. C. Office for tho present at Messrs. Zealy, Scott ?V Bruns. Aug Ki GtnfS ~ AIU H1BAL1) " CiETTY & CO., mm, ?9EBCHAMT3, 12G and 128 Meeting.Street, CHARLESTON, S. C. F. A. WlLCOXSON, Agent, I ?rangeburg, S. C. EDMUND A. SOUDER .v Cu.. Philadelphia, benn. LIVINGSTON, FOX & CO., Agents. New York. r.v- LIBERAL ADVANCES made on CON? SIGNMENTS. AUK 15-?mo* DAVIDSON COLLEGE HARLOT TtMlE exercises of th?' College, ami of tho | J, Preparatory Department connected with it, will bo resumed on the 28th of SEP? TEMBER. As a measure necessary to the support of tlse Institution in the oxrstiujr 'derangement of it s il nances, the Board of Trustees have suspended, for twelve months; the privilege of using Scholarships in th? payment of tuition. Tuition .20 for the session of li v.-months, and Board $1(1 per month-payable in ad? vanee, in specie, or its .equivalent in curren? cy or provisions. It i- desirable that Students should bring with them such books as they may require: also snell articles ..." furniture*for their rooms RS they may be able to transport. For . 'ther particulars luidr-iss the subscri? ber, to the care (for the present) of Dr. E. Nv Hutchison, Charlotte. J. L. KIRKPATRICK, Auer 22 Imo President. For Liverpool? mm: A I BRITISH BARK -EXCHANGE" I is now ready receive freight. Applv to A ?lg IS ft WILLIS & CHISOLM. Not Fee. -f r* a ri tn ble Appen!. milE ladies of thu URSULINE CONVENT J[ and ACADEMY are anxions to rebuild, as speedily as possible, au editiee suitable for their Monastery and Institute, theirs having been burnett in the gen<.-ral confla? gration of Columbia hythe United States Army, under Gen. Sherman, on the night of February 17th. And while they are far from pressing their necessities on their fel low-suiterors of the South, will -gratefully receive any contributions which tne friends of education and religion may donut-, them for this exe.-lien', work. Rumittitnees.inay be made through the Express Corrvbany. Please address Till? MOTHER SUPERIOR, Ursuline Convent and Academy, Care Dr. John Lynch, Columbia, S. C. Aug 2 Imo , ? NOTICE.- TO correct the many erroneous reports in circulation, the Mother Superior wishes to say that she. lias p?d $39.o() for t>ne month's insertion of the '?( haritable iVppcal," and has i eccived not one cen?, nor even the miine of one emit, towards either the erection of ibo "Convent and A<ade mv," or the purchase of ground whereon to build. JV FD D?VVFTT Mr DM1? (Suc'sors to Hotchkiss, Penner & Bennett,) COM. ME?CH?NTSt 40 VESSEY STREET, NEW YORE, AXU . MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. TUGS. FEXNEIt, H. BENNETT, ?. W. BO.WM.IN. MR. T. A. TORIN, who wac for a length of time connected with the old finn of Hotchkiss, Fenner ?V Bennett, has an inter? est in tho present firm, and will devote his attention principally to the State of South Carobna. - Hie address will bo Clinbm, I-anrens District. Aug 4 Imo l??ail Line! THE new first class steamer MO? NERA, Charles P. Marshman, Com- . munder. Steamer CAM? BRIDGE, J. W. Balch, Commander, ? Will leave Charleston, S. C., direct for New York, alternately, THURSDAYS eack week. , For freight or passage-having handsotn* State Room accommodations-apply to F. A. WILCOXSON^gont, Orangeburg, S. C. ARCHIBALD GETTY CO., 126 and 12S Meeting st., Charleston, 3. C. \ LIVINGSTON, FOX ic CO., Agonts, Aug lo 2mo New ..York. Hea'iq'rs D?p't of South Carolina, HILTON HEAD, fl. C , JUL? 20,1865. GENERAL O HD EES No. 1?. IT is announced, for th? information and government of this command; that BEN ,1 AMIN F. PERRY- of South Carolina, ha? been appointed, by the President, Provi? sional Governor of the State of South Caro? lina, with authority and instructions, "at the earliest practicable period, to prescriba such rules and regulationVas maybe neces? sary and proper for convening a Convention, ou?liposed of delegates to he chosen by that ?portion of thc people of said Stato who are oyal to the United States, and no other?, for the purpose of altering or amending th? Constitution thereof; and with authority to exercise, within the limits of said State, all the powers necessary and proper to enable such loyal people of thc State of South Ca? rolina to restore said State to itt oonstitn? tiona! relations to the Federal Government, and to present such a Republican form of State f?overmnent aa will entitle th? Stat? to thejeuarantee of tho United States lhere- ' for, aita its people ta ptotcction yy th? United States against invasion, insurrection and domestic violence; provided, that in any ptsctiou that may hereafter bo held for choosing delegates to any State Convention as aforesaid, no person shall be qualified aa an elector, or shall be eligible as a member of such Convention, unless he shall havu previously t?ken ana subscribed tho oath of amnesty, as set forth in tho President's proclamation of'May 29, A. D. 1SC3, and ia a voter qualified as prescribed by the Con? stitution and laws of tho Stat?? of "South Carolina in force immediately before the seventeenth (17th) day of November. A. D, . the dalt ol* tho s^-callcd Ordin?nco of Secession; and the said Convention, when convened, or the Legislature that may ba thereafter assembled, prescribe * tba qualification of electors, and the eligibility of persons to hold office und?r the Consti? tution and laws of thc Slate, a power Uia ?leonie of the several States composing the federal Union have rightfully exeroiaed from the yrigin of the Government to the present time." It is, therefore, ordered, that all officers and other perseus in tiie United States military service, within the State of South Carolina, aid and assist Governor Ferry in carrying into effect the foregoing instruc? tions, and they are enjoined to abstain from, in any way, hindering, impeding of discouraging the loyal people of the. Stat? from the organization of a State Govern? ment, as hereinabovc authorized and di? rected. All orders and ?Astrueti'ona now in opera? tion throughout, diio Department, whether emanating from ! heschcadquarters, or from Headquarters Department of the South, that are not inconsistent with tho foregoing distinctly specified provisions of this order, will continue in force as heretofore,'through? out the State of South Carolina. Every heedful facility for taking tbe am? nesty oath will be afforded by the military authorities, on forms heretofore supplied fer that purpose. Hereafter Provost Marshals and Assistant Provost Marshals will constitute the only military officers entitled to administer tba amnesty oath, a certified copy of which will, mall cases, I?- furnished to tho indi? vidual taking it. The original oaths will bo transmitted, semi-monthly, by the officer administering the same, lo the Provost Marshal General at these Headquarters, bv whom they will be recorded in a book kept for that purposCj and then forwarded to the Seen tary of State. Parsons applying for Executive clemency will send their petition (with a certified copy of the Aran?sty Oat h attached,) to th? President, through the Provisional Gover? nor at Greenville. Sonfli Carolina. By command of Maj. Gen. Q. A. GTLLMORE. Official: W. L. M. BuaasB, A. A. G. Aug 16 , ? vv. to. JOH?si-oar, Ma gi-st:???*?* c, Office on Picken* street East m<l of La?:;, \?7TLL attend to all official business Tv brought before him; will also attend to drawing up Dec?s, Convoya-neos. "Mort? gages, Contracts, and other ordinary legal instruments of writing. Fair copies of any document executed with neatness and de? spatch. Au east !