IWay afoMqfr & 1&65.
We are pleased?a. report that, after
ah amicable conference between Gov.
Perry awl;- ??he Generals Meade and
Gilhnore, all impediments to the pro?
per re-establishment pt the civil au?
thority, within the State have been
withdrawn by the military. The courts
of justice and the magistracy will re?
sume their functions, and the provost
courts will be limited in their jurisdic
tion to those cases only in which the*
freed negroes shall be parties. But
we refer the reader to the .proclama?
tion of his Excellency Gov. Perry.
It also pleases its to add that the negro
troops are fi be withdrawn promptly
from the interior of the State, and to
be concentrated in garrisons along the
coast. Thia information will be grate?
fully received by the whole body of
our people, to whom the presence of
these troops is a constant occasion of
annoyance and offence. The neces?
sity for their 'removal, however, has
been made terribly apparent in the
shocking eximes which have been
lately committed, the full evidence of
which has been famished by the.Go?
vernor to the United States Generals,
who have pledged themselves to the
prompt examination and punishment
of the criminals. Even apart from
the actual commission of crime, it is
enough to know that the whole expe?
riment in free negro labor has been
mischievously impaired, if not wholly
defeated, in all those regions where
the black troops made their appear?
ance in propinquity with the laborers..
The effect was most pernicious every?
where, changing the whole character
and conduct of the laborer, making
him neglectful, insubordinate and in?
solent, and beguiling him off from the
plantations, to the ruin of the crop.
It is also intimated to' ns that, in most
cases, it is to this source do the ne?
groes owe the large numbers of fire?
arms and the quantity of ammunition
which they are known to possess ir
many quarters. Certainly, the with?
drawal of these troops will be. abso?
lutely essential to the good "behavior
of the negro laborer, and by theil
timely withdrawal we may escape
those /horrors of blood shedding arie
other more fearful crimes, the" enact?
ing of which has already begun. W<
are pleased to learn from nis Excel
lency Gov. Perry, that his despatchei
from the President embody his heart?
approbation of all the steps that th*
formor has taken; that he encourage
his continued progress in the sam*
direction, and assures him against an;
future interruption of, or interferenci
with, his authority on any part.
We publish?I, a few days ago, th
expressed hope and expectation o
President Magrath, of the South Cn
rolina Railroad, that the cars woul<
'be able to run through from Charles
ton to Columbia by the 1st proximo
As an augury promising to sustai:
this hope and conviction, we ari
pleased to announce that the trai
from below crossed the Congaree R:
ver, at 20 minutes to 5 o'clock, on th
31st ultimo. This we learn by a d<
spatch from Kingsville in the Charlet
ton paper, of Saturday last, addresse
to the General Superintendent, Peak?
by Mr. McKewn, one of the local si
perintendents. The bridge, then, i
passable once more, and, with bi
fifteen miles of ty-ack to repair, we ma
reasonably calculate on the realizatio
of President Magrath's expectation.
The cholera rages as an epidemic i
Constantinople and Cairo, the dea tl
otaaly, in the former city, being 25*
and in the latter, 600! The Demon .
the Scourge is on the wing-is in fl
winds. Let the intemperate be war
Tliey have ever been the chief suffe
The funded debt of the city of N<
York, represented by the bonds ai
stocks of the corporation on the iii
of February, was $30,658,676.50.
PlffiE?Mia?B LABOB-We had aa
interview, yesterday morning, with a
couple of Broad River planters, who
report that the negroes are every?
where ahandoningthe plantations and
repairing to the towns. They do not
even wait to receive their proportions
of the crop. We take it for granted
that the military authorities, at the
several garrisons, will see to this
matter before we are utterly overrrfh.
Already the negroes of this town are
in each other's way, and hundreds fail
to find employment, even where th ly
offer their services for their daily
bread alone. What condition of
things*will follow from this crowding
of the towns,p may be* conjectured
when the winter sots in, and when
clothing and shelter and fuel shall be
even more scarce than food.
THE NSW CONSTITUTION or VEBGINIA.
-For a synopsis of this instrument,
the reader is referred to. our first page,
where we have abridged an article
from the Bichmond 'Times. We com?
mend it to the perusal of all classes of
our readers, and especially to the
members elect of the Convention of
this State. It may assist them in their
deliberations on the several constitu?
tional topics which are likely to arise
during their session, and may inform
them on all.
FIRE m CHARLESTON.-The dwelling
house of Mrs. Dallas-a brick house
on Queen street-was destroyed by fire
oruFriday last, and so rapid were the
flames that the inmate&narrowly made
their escape through the windows.
The house was insured at W. B. He?
riot's agency for $1,200, as was also
some tobacco to the value of $600, on
the same premises. The flames com?
municated to a building on thc East,
adjoining, belonging to the estate of
Harvey, and occupied by one Irving
Chester, a colored man. The building
was saved, with the loss ofc?ts roof.
Three cargoes of railroad iron have
reached Charleston within a few days,
designed for the South Carolina Bail
road, the officers of which seem reso?
lute to make up for. lost time, and are
pushing upwards with steam impulse
and race-horse fervor. We hor* to
see them soon, panting, puning, snort?
ing and blowing, at the well known
station on Bridge street.
BIOT AT CHESTER.-The^Darlington
Southerner, of the 26th ultimo, has a
statement that a riot occurred.at Ches?
ter C. H., in this State, on the 12th,
between colored soldiers and citizens.
We give the statement as it appears
in. the Southerner: $
It appears that on the day named,
(12th,) many of the citizens from all
pacts of tire District had met on spe?
cial public business, and among them
many who had been in the Confede?
rate army. Colored troops who were
stationed there took every opportunity
of insulting them by jostling against
them, or saying something very offen:
sive. Eventually, the parties insulted
were forced to reseat the indignities
put upon them, and a gen eraP fight
took place between the citizens and
the negro troops, in which three of
the latter were killed, and many -on
both sides wounded. As soon as the
riot was quelled, the Provost-Marshal
sent the troops from town. % *
DECISION OF THE COMMISSIONER OF
INTERN AL REVENUE IN REGARD TO
SPECIFIC LEO ACTES IN GOED.-The
Commissioner of Internal Revenue to?
day decided that while under the
terms of a will the legatee can de?
mand of the executor the delivery of
gold, he cannot We held to receive a
legacy of money merely; for in such
case the executor would be discharged
by a payment in currency. It must,
therefore, be treated as a specific
legacy, the, clear value in currency of
?which at that time the legatee re?
ceived it*, would be taxable. When an
allowance over and above the valua?
tion of a specific legacy on wliich the
tax had been paid is afterward real?
ized by the safle of such specific
legacy, such^odvanee is regarded as
neither taxafra*legacy uSrincome.
\ -1 **?
By the wiJJ of the late Marchioness
of Londonderry, which places all her
property at compound interest for the
next twenty-one years, the then Earl
"Vane will be the richest man in Eng?
WrxjjiNGTON, A BBEVHILE DISTRICT,
Editor of ike Phoenix-SIB: I pro
.pose to address j ou one or two letters
on a subject, which, while it serves as
a topic of speculative and political
discussion to the people of the North?
ern States, is, to us of the South gene?
rally, and <af this State most especial?
ly, one of life and death. The system
of 4aber-with which we have lived ?h
a prosperity sufficient for our own
wishes, and certainly with a degree of
order, .freedom from crime, and ?ap
piness enjoyed by few civilized com?
munities-has disappeajy d fief ore the
sentiment of the age and the fortunes
of war. Regrets are not only idle but
mischievous. The habits.fflid memo?
ries of our past system of life, plea?
sant though ?hey be, serve only to
"blind tour judgment and hamper our
energies. Any attempt %o resuscitate
the past relation of the two races who
inhabit this country will fail; any
attempt to substitute, one of a similar
character? even if partially successful,
will be but apiece of patch-work, gall?
ing^ the poor jades who ^arry-it, -wast?
ing' our time, our.strength arid our
energies, without any afequate result.
Facts are s tarn an? uncompromising
reasoners, and the sooner wo recognize
them the'* sooner will we be in a con?
dition to- make the best available use
of what small resources we still pos?
sess. It may be unpleasant to snap
all at once the wgfll defined, useful1 and
kindly relation, in which we formerly
stpod to Cuffee; but if we don't, Ctiffee
will, and in most places has very sum?
marily done so already. "We must
recognize that he is now free, with all
^be motives of self-interest which free?
dom developes, with all those of self
indulgence implanted by his nature,
and with very little if-any of the
' intelligence, capacity or energy, which
civilized freedom requires. Although
he may, in many Cases, recognize that
his former condition was materially
better than that he now actually en?
joys, yet he is- not willing to return tc
it. Experience would seem to havt
proved that the condition of slavery,
though under certain circumstances ii
may improve the inferior races o'
?mankind, is not agreeable to any; anc
that even, the savage, improved a nc
semi-civilized ?s a slave, frequently
looks back with regret to his state o
barbarous freedom. Besides, "hop
springs eternal in the human breast,'
I and our African* brother has an arte(
sian well of it constantly bubbling \x\
in his bosom. What though" he dir?
to-day on a roasting ear of -Arn
filched from ft fteighboi's held, in th?
fancied mirror of the future he see;
himself feasting on bacon, molasses
rum and tobacco, without a care anc
with the barest modicum of labor.
But to ourselves, the first and mos
important care in commencing a n?v
career is to obtain a clear and accurate
idea of our actual bearings and atari
with a definite purpose. IJnf?rtu
nately, we must patch for the present
the two races are here, and the relatjoi
between them must be defined, ii
order to diminish the probability o
?actual collisions dangerous" to th
security of society. For this purpos
the most liberal regulations seem th
most safe, and the most likely t
attain our ends. 'The privilege c
voting and of acting as jurymen car
not safely be entrusted to the negfc
It is very possible that he would, i
left alone, not abwse the power fo
any definite purpose whether of mc
or otherwise; but designing and ai
principled men, appealing to tho hoi
tile feeling already exhibited, woul
make tools of them for their own sel
ish purposes and to the detriment <
society at large. But in every otb.*
matter it would seem really wisest i
leave them perfectly^free from speci
legislation, without any attempt eith?
to bolster them up or pull thenf dowi
Summary jurisdiction should be give
magistrates for the strict enforcemei
of all contracts not above a certai
pecuniary value, and stringent lav
thoroughly enforced against vagrancy
. But such laws need not even mentic
the negro; pride of race alone wi
keep* us from subjecting ourselv*
to their penalties and thus leave the:
for whom they are really designe*
While, by thus acting, we take ava
from those who pretend to so gre?
an affection for the black man and 1
so great an estimate of Iiis ability i
to consider him superior to the whit
all shadow of. an excuse for a?eusir
us of injustice. One thing is certoL
if, as some fanatics claim, the negro
equal or superior to the white man, i
partial - or class legislation will loi
prevent him from asserting that poi
tion. On the <^|r hand, if, as" tl
experience of the world for centuries
?>ast attest, he is inferior, that in
?riority ?rill be only &e moro readily
and quickly exhibited ? by placing him
fairly and solely J on hi* otgi. re?
sources; in the comp?tition with the
ttfiite ?nan. Disabling; statutes, by de?
fining his status, will really serve'to
prop him up, just as his well defined
position as a slave served for his pro?
tection, ami by withdrawing himfrom
actual personal competition 4nrith
white labor, actually gave him an ad?
vantage over it. The white mechanic
did not enter into competition with
the negro, when his triumph would be
certainrbut with the wealthy capital?
ist who owned negroes, where the
contest was too unequal ?o be main?
tained. Indeed, so undoubted is the
'superiority of our race in every quality
necessary for civilized Ufe, despite
the injury which our ideas and habits
o? monastry have received by soi lone
communication with the black rac*'
.that I feel the most perfect confidence
of our triumph in thostruggler whether
merely moral or physical, which?seems
in?vitable-T-and ? thafj^Jup'on anything
like equal terms of liberty to both
races, ?very attempt to advance the
negro to equality, antagonism, rivalry
and competition with our race, will
only the more surely and promptly
accelerate $is destruction. I speak
not of acts' of vio^ncQ; it seems in?
evitable that occasional erneutes will
occur; and as in the past, so in the
future, they will commence on the
part of the negro; the blind effort of
misguided ignorance to reverse the
decree of Aovidence by an exliibition
of brute force. But I do not speak of
this; I allude to' the sure, steady^and
even more rapid strides of poverty,
disease and starvation, encountered is
an unejrjual contest with a race' supe?
rior in every mental and moral
quality. While, however, such mea?
sures of expediency, as are above sug?
gested, will be necessary in our pre?
sent legislation, it is all-important
that we should recognize their purely
temporary character. We are not tc
put faith in them as calculated to es?
tablish a permanent system of labor*.
It is indispensable, that while con?
structing from tne debris of the shat
tered wreck, a frail and uncertain raft,
for present use, we should provide c
more noble and st?tely ship for th?
future; or, to drop all metaphor, it ii
*a matter of life and death, fhat w?
should direct our. energies to thal
policy, which alone can now, restort
us to prosperity, the encouraging o:
white immigration. Without ii, w?
enter upon a future more pdoofty evei
than the terrible present. With it
we ^nove with confidence to th,e
tifinment bf a prosperity, greater, in j
material point of view, than that for
morly enjoyed, and more stable^be
cause 'Jtuore in accordance with^hi
humors of the age. Of tim, of tin
obstacles in the way of immigration
of their removal, and of our duties ii
respect thereto, I propose, should i
meet with your approbation, to speal
in my next letter. . CAU?ASIAN.
ELF?TTON OF A CATHOLIC M. P. n
ENGLAND.-Only one Catholic was re
turned to the late Parliament by ai
English ' constituency, and he repre
sented not an open constituency, bu
%he Bpke of Norfolk's borough o
Arundel. So positive has been thi
exclusion that the advo'cates'of a rep
resentation of minorities have given i
as an instance of tne grievances the
wowld remedy, ajfd have said, plans:
bly though"incSrectly, that the Eng
lian Boman Catholics have not bee
represented at au. It is satisfactor
to find that religious zeal does not i
all cases urge tne British electora t
vote against a Papist> The Bridge
north/people, in returning Sir Joh
Acton, have .not fnly shown then
selves superior to the prejudice th?
has hitherto prevailed, but they hov
placed in the House di Gommons a
accomplished man," and one of th
most thoughtful and judicious arnon
the members of his Church.
THE OATH OF OFFICE.1-Under th
Government of the United States, b
an Act of Congress passed in 1862, n
man can hold office save he take th
folio wing oath: *
I, -4P---, do solemnly swear (c
affirm) that I haye never voluntaril
borne arms against the United Statt
since I have been a citizen thereo
that I have voluntarily given no* aie
countenance, counsel or encourag*
ment to persons engaged *in arme
hostility thereto; that I have nev<
sought, nor accepted, nor attempte
to exercise the functions of any offic
Whatever, unct?jK- any authority, (
pretended authority, in armed hostil
ty to the United States; that I hiv*
not yielded a voluntary support i
any pretended Government authority
power or constitution, within tj
To insure insertion, advertisers- are re
quested to band in their notices'before f'
o'clock p. m.
, Dr. %m. P. Geiger yian yesterday elected"
Alderman for Ward No. 3. Qt
POSTAGE STAMPS.-Ovfr citizens ard . in
formed that they can be supplied with the'
above article by applying at this office.
We aro indebted to Major Moighan for
copies of late New York and Virginia papers.
L Gov. PERRY'S . JADQUABTEBS.-We are
gratified to state that, after the 7th inst.,
thc -headquarters M? his Excellency Gov.
Perry will be in Columbia-to which placo
all communications for him must bo /td
drcssed. _ _
?4 It will be seen, by reference to Mr. H. E.
Nichols' advertisement, that'he has removed
his insurance office to ?.?more central lo?
cality-corner of Assembly and Washington
streets. We would urgo all who desire to
put themselves on the safe siA of accidents,
to give him a call.
STATE CONVENTION.-Th? election, yester?
day, for members of thc State Convention,
passed off quietly, in tlids city, with the fol?
lowing result. The returns from the coun?
try boxes will be received to-day:
Wade Hampton. .304 F_W. McMaster..20S
*A. K. Tavlor.141 John Caldwell.... 13}$
Wm. Wallace.183 J. P. Carroll.121
Jr G. Gibbes.105 W. F. DeSaussur? ?4
W. A. Harris.82 .
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is called
to the following advertisements, which aro
published for thc first time this morning:
.Medical College of the State of S. C. *
Wm. Cronenberg-Cabinet Maker, etc.
Darbee & Walter-Cottage for Sale.
Apply at this Office-House. Wanted.
A. PalmerW-Old Copper, etc., Wanted.
" " -Headquarters at Columbia?
" " -NotiCo to Attorney-General.
E. E. Jackson-New and Desirable Good*.
Mons, and Had. Dovilhens -?Music, Ac.
P*d?Mc Sentiment 1? Sooth Carol!sm.
.^Provisional Governor Perry, of
South Carolina, made a speech re?
cently, at Greenville, in which, after
giving a circumstantial account of his
interviews with the President and
leading members of the Government
at Washington, he said:
"In conclusion, let me (say to yon,
fellow-citizens, that I am-well pleased
with all that I saw and heard at Wash?
ington in reference to the Southern
States. Let us now dolour duty, take
the oath of allegiance, elect good atnd
wise men to the Convention, reform
our State Constitution, abolish slavery,
equalize the representaci?n .of the
State in tho Senate, give the eleetibir*
of Governor and Presidential electors
to the people, and all will be well."
This was good advice; he told his
hearers, also, that*he had pledged
them to <s? all this, to the President.
. 'I told him that the people of "South*
Carolina accepted the terms of bis
proclamation, find were disposed to
return to their allegiance to the Union.
That from having^ been the most re?
bellious State in the South, I was satis?
fied South Carolina would, henceforth, -
be one of the most loyal of the South- .
ern States. That she woulcf reform
her Constitution and abolish slavery,
give the election of Governor and Pre?
sidential electors to the people, and
equalize the representation ? of tho
State. I gave it as my opinion that
the. disunion feeling of the South had
originated in the parishes."
Upon this, a morning journal says:
"Although no man has better op?
portunities than Govesnot Perry, for
forming a correct estimate of the state
of public sentiment in Souih Carolina,
these - positive statements must be
taken, we fear, with some grains of
allowance. That a strong under-cur?
rent of Union sentiment exist? in that
State, we dp not doubt, but a conver?
sion so radical as that indicated above
would be little short ci miraculous."
We <J| not see why Mr.. Perry's
words should be doubted. He is not,
to judge from Iiis first speech, a kind
of man to set his face boldly against a
strong public sentiment; he is more
inclined to follow what he thinks the
current. But he speaks out squarely
now, after having traveled over the
Stat? and taken pains to acquaint
himself with the public sentiment.
South Carolina, before the war, was
in the hands of a fe* wealthy families.
The people had b?fc the slightest sharo
in the government of the State.
Governor Perry tells the President
that he J?hetieves they will readily re?
form their institutions in such a way
as to make them more democratic, and
tsvke the political power from the few
and give it to the mun v. Is this im
probtjtye? Is it not highly probablo
that if they understand the proposed
change they will almost unanimously
vote for it?-New York Evening Post.
The Czar agrees to complete, the
telegraph line to America to the bound?
ary of his dominions.
xml | txt