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.THE DAILY Hf l'HOMX.
DAILY PAPER $10 A YEAR. % ^ET 0UR jUST CENSURE ATTEND THE TRUE EVENT." TRIWEEKLY S7 A YEAR? BY Jr A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 13, 1865. VOL. I-NO. 142, THE PHONIX is prnLisnE? D A IL Y AND TRI- WE ERL Y. AND THE WEEKLY OtE?NEB EVERY WEDNESDAY. % BY JULIAN A. SELBY TERMS-IN A D VA N C E.. 8TTB3CRIPTIOX. Dailv Paper, six months.$5 00 Tri-WeeHy, " " .3 50 Weekly, * " " .2 00 Single eepins of the Daily and Tri-Weekly, 10 cents; ot the Weekly, 15 cents. ADVERTISEMENTS Insertad in either the Daily or Tri-Weeklv at $1 per scpiare for the lirst insertion, and 75 .cents for each subsequent insertion. In the Weekly, SI a square. jeySpeeial notices 15 cents a line. Reign of Terror In Mexico. "We were yesterday called upon by ! Capt. E. Moore, si citizen of New Or- j leans, who gave us details of unusual I interest with regard to matters in | Mexico. In 1861. Capt. Moore, t?ien j master of the ship Ashland, was l wrecked ou the Pacific coast, with his ? wife and three children, took up his j residence at Mazatlan, a Mexican city j of about 17,000 inhabitants. Just previously, there bad been u great in- j tlux of Americans and other foreigners ' to Mazatlan and that neighborhood, j in consequence of tile encouragement ; given by the Juarez Government, and : n promise that bona fide settler's should i not bc subject to taxation fora period I of live years. The number that omi- i grated from California, under the ? Juarez d&:ree, is estimated at ?,000. j Some had engaged in cotton raising, some in mining, and others in nier- j chaudize. The combined interest of these new .settlers is represented as ; very large. When tko French invasion was an? nounced, the Americans, d' course, sided with the Liberal party, and formed themselves into military com- j panics in conjunction with the Mexi? cans. But the Mexicans, true to their I past history, could not agree among ' themselves. A local quarrel broke out 1 among their chiefs. Gov. Morales was obliged to abdicate, and (Ten. Carony took possession of the city. \ Previous to that. Gov. Vega had been i deposed. ?hese local disagreements : resulted in what then was regarded as a complete reign of terror, and for four weeks there was a carnival of blood. The foreign element of the population, particularly Americans, were plundered and slaughtered in a most reckless manner. Finally, the French fleet made its appearance one bright Saturday morning, at 9 o'clock, and demanded the surrender of the city. This was refuged by the party .who, for the time being, were in power, and the French retired, with a threat of bombardment if the sur? render were not made by a certain hour on the following day. During the night, the Liberal forces withdrew, after giving up the city to plunder, and os then- was no indica? tion of a compliance with the demand for the surrender of the place, the French, on the arrival of the hour designated, proceeded to pour shot and shell on the unresisting inhabi? tants. Quite a number were killed men, women and children; but at length the Prefect, accompanied by thc Prussian Consul, approached the fleet with a flag of truce, und agreed to thc French demand. Thereupon the French sent ashore a large body of marines, who for mally took possession of the city. Shortly afterwards, a Mexican force, in the Imperial service, commanded by a renegade half-breed of guerilla notoriety, named Lazado, came in and was quartered among the people as a provost guard. The previous reign of terror was now intensified. Mexicans who refused to recognize the now order of things were shot down in 4he streets like dogs, and foreigners who sided with the Libe? rals fared but little better. Seizures, confiscations and butcheries were every-day occuirenecs. Everything was demanded, and nothing paid for, None of the securities-none of the sanctities-of life remained. Women we."? o'?ti*?g??.??.iicl xCiXCCCi&Xbd. r'oirsoz.s and prope/ry were alike insecure. Martial law was proclaimed, and citi? zens were, prohibited from appearing on the streets after drum-tap, at 9 p. m. ; but this failed to check the rule of ruffianism and ontrage, which, shield ' ed by darkness, became more secure, directed as it was against disarmed in? habitants. Lazado, with the instincts and blood ! of a half-savage, played the tyrant as a whole one. Nothing was too small j for his avarice, nothing too sacred for his beastliness. Among others who fell victims at this time were David j Eston, an American, connected with ! the mining interest, who for resisting j robbery, was murdered. Capt. Frazer, ? from illinois, and Iiis two daughters to tell their story would make the hair I of the sensitive stand on end with I horror-Mr. Stramford and eighteen ? companions, who were all robbed and murdered when traveling from Mazat? lan to Durango, and hundreds of others, the names of whom could not be remembered by our informant. In the course of four weeks. Captain 1 Moore was reduced from comparative opulence to beggary ; ?15,000 in money ; was stolen from him, and 80,000 which his little son and a Mexican boy had found buried in the earth, was also taken. The Captain Frazer above alluded I to had established a cotton plantation at Presidio, and was doing well, when | lust and rapine deprived him of his ! all. ! It is represented,that in thc battles : between the Liberals and the Impe? rialists, no prisoners are taken-no ' auarter is asked or given. "War with lem is vengeance in its direst form. I The destruction of Acapulco, when , that place w:ts abandoned by the ' French, is said to have boen an net of ; entire vandalism. Thc whole city was . turned into a ruin; everything was destroyed, and desolation took the place of plenty. [JYV?C York. Evening Post. The European pupers .-.re full of the Asiatic Cholera, which is still striding towards us, and luis already struck at Marseilles. The London papers notice ; the same premonitory symptoms now ? prevalent in England which preceded the cholera in the visits it made in i 1831 and 181S. An aggravated form of diarrhoea has been more than ; usually prevalent. The same feature ; in our sanitary condition, I may men- ? j tiou. has been noticed in New York ; I this Hummer. It is getting too late in j I the season, however, to expect much j I damage from the epidemic here this j I year, but by next spring we must pre- ] j pare to feel its dreadful presence in j our midst. I Comic papers, after the style of j I Punch, do not succeed in America. I Why they fail has been a question j j much discussed by the newspaper j philosophers. At least twenty efforts ! have been made in New York during j the past twenty years to esbiblish a I humorous journal on a permanent > foundation. They have all proved disastrous failures, and deservedly j too. The more prominent examines (have been "Vanity Fair," "Morans" j and "Diogenes." They were all ! wishy-washy affairs; their made-to i order jokes were weak and strained, j and their caricatures pointless. Some I other adventurous person has now j risked his money on a fresh trial, and we have a new comic paper called '.Mrs. Grundy." It surpasses all its i predece ssors in stupidity. The fart i is, American manners, habits and j events do not afford ?the same salient I points for the humorist's pen as do i the settled customs of the time ! wrinkled society of Europe. There I is not the. material extant for an Ame? rican "Pickwick Papers." But where J the wits are ?it fault, there is a kind of ? broad burlesque whioh often succeeds. ; An iustmce 1 may mention is a sheet I which has recently appeared on the I news stands called "TIte Black Jlej>ul> \liain." Instead of being handsomely j printed, it looks as if it was written I with a bad pen. The editor purports j to be one Pluto Cutt", a gentleman of i the colored persuasion, and nearly all j the editorials and advertisements are written in the negro dialect. Of I course they burlesque the Republican I party, and as such they are among the. I best hits of the day. . [Cor. Charleston Courier. Henry Ward Beechar on tine Kat?' of I Kir. Davis. Rev. Henry Ward'Becsher, on Sun- i i day last, delivered a lor g sermon on . the fate of Mr. Davis. In conclusion, he said: 'tl speak it with a certain reluc? tance, and the though* oftentimes, when it comes, even touches me with grief, but I believe that Mr. Davis, for example, will he hung. Already the scene rises before mc. He is tried; he is convicted; he stands on the scaffold. All nations have watch? ed the surt? process of the law; all nations have listened to thc charges laid at his door; all nations gather ! about the scaffold. There are some ! things to plead for him. Ho is a : man of distinguished ability; he has ! conducted this war with pertinacity I and courage; he waa the belove?! lead ? er of the multitudes of the South, and even now millions of them would shield him if they could. He hus a wife who loves him, and children who cannot understand his erinn?; he is surrounded by a mighty innumerable North, who, the war being over and its hot passions cooled, have no hate and no malice, and nothing more and nothing worse than ;i chastened, sor? rowful indignation toward him. They would)release him if they could. If they could forget the ?lead; if they were not compassed about with a great cloud of witnesses; if their bells of victory won; not drowned by their j bells of mourning; if they could forget their country; if they could forget their (rod. they would give way to their pity for a brother mun in his ex? tremity. They hear voices from over the sea; voices of sympathy for him; voices of pleading; occasional voices of threat eui n g. maybe. Bul nothing avid lr*- uothillg ;i>;iils, ho cniV*T. lie spared, he would not consent, to peace; he would not be just; bc wooli! not bc a patriot; he must die. And the axe comes down, and thc world shudders, and thc great traitor is. dead. And I daini that such a scene ?md spectacle will do move! for the stability of a country, and for thc cause of public order, than almost any dozen great a?ds of thn.se last four years, lt will take rank among thc sublimities of history. It will have a moral dignity and weight which no magnificent bat? tles we have fought could have It wjll engage tho attention of mankind as mme of our battles have. It will be more easily comprehended by them. It will be rebellion and slavery epi? tomised and embodied in the form and J^rson of th#?>< chief man. and then ! beheaded f?fr their sins. And the people will understand that simple tragic thing. And it will sink into them. And it will hallow love in i their feelings forever more. ~Lci, it come, then. History waits for it. The greatest work of modern time-our I loyal war, I mean -waits for its cap? stone. Let it be raised to its bed. i Not with shoutings, but in silence ! and with tears, if you please. But j let it be raise?!. And, in the words of I otir great martyr when he wrote thc i decree which has made him immortal: j "Upon this, our coming solemn act i of justice, wc invoke the blessings of ' Almighty God and the considerate j judgment of mankind." Amen and j amen. Every chance of a deficient crop of I wine in France this season is gradu ! ally disappearing, and although it is i admitted that tho produce in some j vineyards will be less than was expect j ed, the deficiency will be made good J in other districts, so that a reduction ! in the price of wine is not only proba ? ldc but almost certain. I The accidents by railroad continue ! daily. Thc New York papers publish i notices of a collision, with serious results, on the (ninden and Ambo} j Railroad, and an explosion of a train ! containing military stores, on a road ! leading into Nashville, on the 7th in , stunt. A number of persons wen i killed. _ i The Republican State Conventioi ' ??f Minnesota, on Wednesday of las I week, after animated balloting, nomi I nat cd as candidate for Governor Gen j W. R. Marshall. Resolutions ot th I most radical character, endorsing J among other things, ri ogro ..nib; ge j w^re fidopted THE SLOMAN FAMILY.-Many of our citizens who have spent charming evenings listening to thc inimitable renditions of "The Mistletoe Bough" and "Alonzo and Imogen," by Mr. John Sloman, and the artistic per? formances, vocal and instrumental, of his accomplished daughters, the Misses Elizabeth and Anne Sloman, will be pleased to read the following notice of them, which we extract from the Rochester, North Kent County, (England,) Gazette, and Advertiser: THEATBE, ROCHESTER.-Mr. John Sloman, formerly manager of our theatre, after a longer absence, has again appeared among his old friends and acquaintances, and gave a concert on Monday last, accompanied by two of his daughters, whose superior per? formances, on the harp, piano, Alex? andre organ, and vocalization, gave proof of their high cultivation in the science of music, and delighted a most discriminating audience, and were requested to repeat the same. We have no hesitation in saying, that we never heard any female artiste that can compete with Miss Elizabeth Slo? man on the harp; her execution and grace merits all our praise and com? mendation. Miss Anne Sloman's per? formance of Thalberg's "Home, Sweet Komc," cm thc piano, the Anvil Cho? rus, from Trovatore, on the organ, accompanied by Miss Elizabeth on the piano, and the vocalization of the two sisters, not only astonished the audi? ence by their versatility, but charmed them by the artistic manner in which each piece was rendered. A more chaste ami delightful concert we have seldom witnessed. Mr. Sloman was the same Sloman we always knew him. TKIATJ OP WtRZ. A ehort session of the military court engaged in the trial ?>f Wirz was hold yesterday; and, al? though our reports of the proceed? ings do not convey the intimation, it is certainly reasonable to presume that the horrid and nauseating disclosures made the previous day of the agonies and tortures which soldiers of the republie were compelled to bear in the Andersonville prison pen were so disgusting, even in their recital, as to render necessary a short vacation for the purposes of mental ventilation and digestion. The nominal reason for the early adjournment of the court was.the Illness of Wirz, who, it was stated by his counsel, was suffering severe pains in different portions of his person. Several witnesses, how? ever, were examined, who confirmed all that lias been previously testified to in reference to the sufferings of national soldiers and tho inhumanity and brutality of Wirz. Thcstarving, poisoning and shooting of the cap? tives, were sworn to by men who had served in tho rebel as well as in the national army.-New York Herald, Sth. The tunnels of all the railways in France are three hundred and sixty six in number, and would, if com? bined, measure three hundred and soventy-swen leagues in length. Tho hingest tunnel is that of the Ncrthe, near Marseilles, on the Lyons Rail? way, which cost 10,5*00,000 francs; that of Blaisv, on the same line, 8,000,000 francs, and that of the (Vedo, between Lyons and Geneva, 6,500,000 francs. The entire cost of the bridges, viaducts and tunnels on the various French railroads, amount to 432,081,053 francs. The order relative to passports for pardoned rebel prisoners is the signal for a general emigration of prominent rebels, led by General Lee, who will go to London, and there finish his history of his military campaign. Among .others preparing to go are Generals Longstreet, Ewell, Beaure? gard. 1). H. Hill, Wheeler, Malone, Buckner and (hirduer, and it is pro? bable they will bc accompanied by hundre ds of others of lesser rank. A correspondent, who has seen her, j describes Miss Braddon as a "red haired, stout, rather vulgar-looking cockney woman of thirty odd," and says she has been an itinerant actress and knows great destitution. The I combined sait; ol' her book in England has been 000.000 copies; in America, 250,000; France and Germany, 100, OJO. Shebas made in the past four years :-..bon. .?-10.000, .ni.'. iV.nded half \ of it. ARCHIBALD GETTY ft' CO., AND QOM, 12? and 128 Meeting Street, CHARLESTON, S. C. F. A. WILCOXSON, Agent, Orangeburg, S. C. EDMUND A. SOUDER & CO., Philadelphia, Penn. LIVINGSTON, FOX & CO., Agente, Now York. *S- LIBERAL ADVANCES made on CON? SIGNMENTS._Aug 15 2mo* FIRE 'km mmrm Insurance Agency ! TUPPER & LANE 163 MEETING ST., CHARLESTON, S. C.. REPRESENT thc following first-class companies: GREAT WESTERN INSURANCE COM? PANY. OF NEW YORK. SECURITY INSURANCE COMPANY, OF NEW YORK. PHOENIX FERE INSURANCE COMP'NY. OF NEW YORK. MANHATTAN INSURANCE COMPANY, OF NEW YORK. International Insurance Company, of New York. North American Insurance Company, of New York. With aggregate cash capital of over $9,000,000. Fire, Moline and Inland Risks taken on reasonable terms, and lesses promptly set? tled. S. Y. TUPPER? A, A. LANE. For particulars, apply to ZEALY, SCOTT ? BRUNS, Aug 14 26 Assembly Htreet. COPARTNERSHIP NOTICE. ~~ THE subscribers having this day entered into copartnership, under the firm of I RI(7/.-S JU > O' Ar E. 1 r F * til V, For the purpose ot' transacting a GENERAL COMMISSION BUSINESS, in the purchase an.l salo of^OTTON and other kinds of COUNTRY PRODUCE, woola respectfully inform their friends ami th?- public that j they are now pn pared to resume the busi? ness formerly carried on by the senior part I ncr, (R. 0'Ne.iIe, sr.) Any order:; ontruat j ed to them will receive "t heir immediate ' attention. They are also prepared to receive and 1 store Cotton consigned co thom. R. O XEALE, SR. R. O'NEALE, JR. Columbia. Sept. ll. 1865. Sept. ll t6 j *y Charleston New*. Wionsboro Netos, ? Chester Standard and Charlotte Times will publish four limes and send bill to this office. Notice to Travellers. COLUMBIA, S. C.. SEPT. ll, 1865. I AM running a daily line of ?Z^3??_ ^?r'OU li- HORSE COACHES 3??g?gj*gg?rfroni Columbia to Kingsville. Leave Columbia every day at 10 a. m., connecting with train at Kingsville, 7A o'clock p. m. Returning, leave Kingsville on the arrival of die train. I have a RE? LAY OF HORSES half wav. Sept 12 4* VV. M. BECKHAM. it;j- Newberry Herald and Greenville En? terprise copy four times and send bill to this office. JENKINS & CO., WHOLESALE DEALERS IN TEAS ONLY, PHILA VELERIA, RESPECTFULLY inform their old South? ern friends and others that they conti? nue to furnish, a? heretofore, a superior j article of TEA, in their nc ak, convenient and secure style of metallic packages, con? taining quarter, half and one pound each; also, in caddies and original half chests. Orders bv mail promptly executed. Terms cash. ' _ _Sept J2 S J?^TRECE?VED BY lu ?. OEABK?, ' darner Blandina and Bull Streets, FINE CORSET!?, Black SEWING SILK, Ladies" BUCK GAUNTLETTS and GLOVES. Ladies' White KID GLOVES. Ladies* Mourning and Emh'd H'DK'FS. SILVER THIMBLES, SCISSORS. Key Rings, Crape Collars. Cologne, (pure .md tine.) Lubm's Extracts, Pomade. Butterfly Cravats, China Dolls. Fancy Tuck Combs. Black Flax Thread, Satinets. Cassimcre, for suits. Embroidery Cotton, Silk Gloves. Silk Tissue, lor veils. Bleached Shirting. Leather Belts. DeBuge, for travelling dresses. Ladies' Merino Vests. , Low-priced Ladies' Hose. Fancy Vest amt Dress Buttons. t?l ?per Pins, \gate Button-. Gent's Li?ie.i Cillaio, Match-? Clack and Colored *<ilk Belting. Broome, Bli ck ana Green "Tea spool Cotton, all numbera