Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, Sept. 21.1865.
Opinion mik Feeling nt tlac North. A correspondent of one . of |he Charleston pipers, writing from the North, descrihes tho feeling, opinion and sentiments of tho people o? Boston ajad elsewhere, towards those of the South, as by no means calculated to make the parties love ef?h other in the future any more th?h iu the past. He says: "I regret to state that thc feeling towards the South, as I have observed it exhibited here, is not what those Ait o desire spee-ly reconciliation could wish it to be. Thc activity of certain newspapers in collecting and ( ?grouping all facts, reports and im? pressions relative to the spirit of the .?South-many of which, it is unneces? sary to say, are destitute of any color ?or truth-has been the means of a wide-spread belief getting a hokl upon the public mind, that the temper of Ihe Southorn people is vicious, dan? gerous, and inclining even "to a new warlike p?tbr?ak. The most aston? ishing misapprehension of the condi? tion of affairs, and' of the feeling of the people, at the South, prevails j ?ven with those who should be well informed. It will take^ the intimate und unreserved communication aris? ing from business intercourse between ihe sections to open the eyes of both peoples to the real feelings of their neighbors." 'What we ourselves hear from re? turning travellers, describes Phila? delphia, the City of Brotherly Love, as being the most fiery and viperous whenever the South is fhe subject. Jonathan Broadbrim seems to lose all his Quakerly. qualities the moment you say South to him. The South is his black dog, the very sight or sound of whom jaundices iiis eye and tamper, - and he who, in old times, was not willing to fight at all, at,o nee foal with fury. * Thc sEUpkoopo* throws np his yard-stick, and brandishes it j right? and left, as if playing at quarter j staff. The horse shoe is dropped to cool on the anvil, white the blacksmith whirls aloft his sledge-hammer. The surgeon flourishes his scalpel; the orator his tongue, showing his teeth wolfishly; and the preacher, forgetting his pacific functions, pounds his way through the Holy Scriptures, from .Genesis to Revelations. The people are. growing more and more warlike, as ours grow more pacifie, and the , South never showed herself'more pro? vocative than now, with her hands manacled, her mouth in the dust, cry? ing out "peccavi," through all the pipes in her throat. There baa always been in the world a sort ipf courage which grew inflamed hr degree with the pacific display of an adversary. Your pleading'only makes it more angry, your pacific entreaty only goads it'to greater irritation, anti shotdd you absolutely fall down or fe tire be? fore it, it becomes bold enough to kick you. Verily, Jonathan Broad? brim shotdd be held over to keep the peace. If he continues in this savage temper, and'*.we continue to be pa" cific, be will burst off all the'buttons of his inexpressibles. Tre business ?? the Convention, yesterday, was exceedingly direct and sp?cifi?. That body Ricked the Pa? riahes into wh?t is vulgarly called a ''cocked hat." Everybody had his kick for the Parishes. The Parishes were too feeble to kick back: they went by ihe board. The results are to be found in our,ordinary report of the ; .proceedings. But- t^cre wa? a .struggle. Mr. Andrews, of Charles? ton,-.opened th debate. Mr. An? drews is too amiable a man to be fierce npon a political question, but, as wc ai-? told, he struck some vigorous blows. He was followed by Mr. Till? man, of 'Edgefield, who tore thc poor Parishes to pieces^ one by one, Scalped them and flayed them,-and left them never a peg to stand on. Mr. You mans. followed, as wo ar? advised, in a *ery powerfid speech in their de? fence; but their fate waa-a-foregone conclusion. But his speech brougl?l ' tip Mr. Orr, on the opposite side, who 7 did gooAyeoman's service in tumbling .the tenants out ol doors. Mr. Aldrich, of Barnwell, t^lotfred, rather upon the state of the country than the fate of the Parishes, and he brought down, the house. The gallerief? were lifted from their, feet, so that fthc President threatened tb d??r them. Mr. ???11 and? Mr. Robertsrtl wound up . the debate. ^ . We have this report from other hands . and ears. - Liuekily, we are^j ourselves, so deni',- that w.e never bear a debate^. It passes by ns' as the idle ! wind-which we regard it. -It sav?s us. much annoyance. Milton some- I where congratulates himself on. Iiis , blindness, as thus escaping many j things which he would not.willingly ?I see: We congratulate ourselves on | our deafness, as not being compelled j to hear a thoustfnd things which we should not hear with placidity. ^Ve never, accordingly, listen to debates." We never hear anything which we are not prepared to answer. ? We es? cape a world of bad eloquence and bad reasoning, and when any one says anything offensive, \er ?akeit as a compliment and bow accordingly. Wc consider - Ourselves fortunate in I e- . the loss of one of our senses. In | brief, we have come to the conclusion that those persons who are denied to hear arc the very -persons best fitted to counsel. We may, hereafter, when all the facts are before na, undertake^ o comment. We have, no doubt, very much t.o say, and are only ar I rested, a thousand times, by the offen? sive fjnl bono. We have got a world to do, to think, and to fdfel, before we shall be properly prepared think or to counsel. There is a great deal of very idle talk.among men and even women, to sav nothing* of negroes, touchin cr their rights; and a vast amount of vapor? ous declamatiortjand "wordy inspira? tion of forced breath" is the conse quenco. The fact is, that most of these asserted rights, if challenged, would be found to be no rights%t ab\. There are really only 'two sources of human rights in the world.those which are awarded by nature aiuPGod, and those which are conceded by society. And neither of these-rights are or'ci be arbitrarily asserted, both depena ing upon conditions. You have no rights under the .laws ofGodf save by a compliance with the laws of God. So, too, your rights in socioty are held by a like tenure-compliance with the laws of society. Apply these rules severally to the various demands made in society by the host of claim? ants challenging their rights^ and you* will discover that not one in twenty can be admitted. You wjll hear one say, "Every- man has aright to Iiis opinion upon this or any subject." What impertinence ! XoAan has a right to an opinion ?on ^flfeubject of^ which he knows nothing. He has a right to seek intonation and counsel f t?p plead for wisdom and enlighten? ment, even as Solomon did; and per? haps in the perversity j>f the race, toj as little profit. TSSben we hear this perpetual*And frequent assertion of one's rights, we are reminded of one of the Smiths, a farmer from North Carolina, hailing from Tar River, and on his way' to Texas, with a little doukey wagon, a wife and seven bare? legged children. It was at the time of ?Santa Anna's, famous invasion of Tejas. The excellent Smith, one of a family now- believed to be extinct, was met by Jndge Somebody, who. knew- him well, and asked -where he was going. When told by Smith that ho was on his way to Texas, he ex? claimed: "Why, Smith, my poor fel? low, you are about to do a very foolish pthiug. Go back to Tar River and let Texas alone. Do you not know tha| Santa Anna has" invaded Texas with more ?han twenty thousand men." The sturdy citizen, grasping his long rifle and letting the butt sink heavily on the ground, replied: "Then, by all the Hokies, lil go ior that very reason. He lias invaded T^xas, has he? I'll, bc there^iernhim, if it 's only to stand lip for my rights !" * ME. EDITOR: In.yo?r paper of Sun tyj you have, .for. the conve? nience, pf the public, divided iuto' chapters, with appropriate heauings, the elaborate and somewhat confused explanation given in a late number of the National Intelligence)-', of th? terms on which the rebel States (a ne^ de? scription of belligerents) are to he re? admitted into the Union. These chapters, may, w*e think, bc yet fur? ther subdivided into a fey,' brief and compendious arp?eles, embracing''the principles and conditions, on the^ prompt adoption of which, as we are told, from this quasi official soifree, the future happineiA and very exist? ence of the ? tat es, now about ' to be arraigndl inutile person of their Cirief Magistrate fo^' high treason, will de? pend or can atone, be assured. Should this unfortunate official, who has rather more vis in his name than in character, be found guilty and brought to block, (t3? approved mode of pun? ishment for treason, )*he said States must- consider themselves as having been also made short work with, or Constructively decapitated, or cannot, at any rate,-hohl nj) their fiends, -or give themselves any very higJt&nirs for the future. t. ' "ABT. 1. The threatened destruction of slavery, along with the othep-rights of the States, having to the late war,"X)r a temporary dissolution of the Union, the shortest-and most ob? vious mode of restoring the latter and establishing peace between the con? tending parties, is at Tmqte to extiSM guishjthe institution that caused the dispute, and thus skilfully uso i$ like the spear of Telephus, to euro or heal the wound that it mad? !" COMMENT.-To fciko away the bom is certainly the shortest way of ending ? a quarrel netween dogs; hut thc doo to whom, the bono originally belonged cannot reasonably be expected to b( quito as well satisfied with this (rr rangement as the one who had no righi to it, or quite as enSoucient on tlue o% casion as the party who deprived hin of it. While the question, however was' ono of property 0ith tho slave holders, an?l of liberty with their op ponents, it admitted of no other solu /ion than either dissolution or tin assertion and successful maintainanct of the right of the strongest. "AKT. 2. The Union is a sacre* covenant between the States, and mus be maintained and perpetuated, evei against the decrees of Fate, at what ever cost of blood and treasure, or o individual or State freedom." ?'ART. 3. The Union, though ?rigi nally formed by tho States, w;us os tabhshed by the people, who by th' theory of our institutions arc tho onh legitimate source of power. Th Government is, therefore, a popula and not a Federal instrument, or nier< agent of the States, as it is held to b by some of its authors, and by*South ern poHticoana ". COMM?KT. -As a people cannot forn a Union with iieniselves, or even wit] another people, except by ineprpc rating, or being incorporated by them tho theory of the Government pro pounded in tl?? ?tbovo article is not vcr intelligible, t>r is quite as "opaqu and clear as Diggoj-y considered th. speech of hi:- brother clod-hopper t bo, the Play o*f "Fortune's Frolic. As, your paper, Mr. Editor, is occr pied^wfth nach more important mal tors, I here do>se for the present thes jomments OL the "Thirty-nine Art: "es" submitted by the National lute ligencer, to bi subscribed by tue rebe" hons States before they can'be admil tod into the Union. SUSQUIN. -? - CiiOP3 rs LOUISIANA.-Tho New Or loans picayune says it is* a cruel rqpcl cry" to ./express an expectation th? any of the great staples of tllfc Stat will sooirbe pioduced on a scale aj proximating to the production gi th year before the war. The man wh expects* within tho next twenty-fiv years to see 400,000 hogsheads c sugar an cf 400,000 bales of cotto produced in Louisiana, under th present or any greatly improved oi gauization 'of our labor, is truly sanguine man. . I fTATE CONSENT! Wcdiusday, SeptcnM>cr ?9, IS The Convention was opened with prayer by Rev. A. W. Moore". Mr. McMaster introduced the fol? lowing r?solution, which Was ordered to be-print ed, and to-be laid on the table: . Resolved, Thaixthe Governor shall always* reside, during the sitting of the Legislature, at the place where the session may be held; at all other times he shall habitually reside at Columbia, so long as it remains the seat of Gio vern ment. The repeat of t^e Committee on Ordinances and Resolutions, in rela? tion to electors of president and Vice President of the United States, was ] agreed to. On motion Of *Mr. Sims, the privi- j leges of tlie floor of thc ?[all of the] Convention were extended to Gen. M. ! W. Gary. Mr. McGowan introduced the fol lowing aa an iiddition to the 4th Sec- j tion of the "Ordinance to declare in 1 force the Constitution and Laws here- ! tofore in force,"?fcc. : "Provided, however, That in case J suit shall be brought upon any such ? contracts or obligations, not by their terms payable in gold, or in other specified mariner, and entered into between the first dav of January, A. L>. ,186a, and; the tenth day of May, : 18G5, the measure of recovery shall be the true value at the^time of trial of thc property contracted for; but in. ascertaining this value reference shall he had to tfce condition of the pro? perty at the >tiine of contract. And in all such cases, the defendant may show such value witbjout specially pleading the . same. " * ', Resolution as to the Constitution of the State, was orderest? be lajd on the table. ' % Mr. Andrews announced the follow? ing amendment to the third section of the first article di the Constitution, proposing to strike out the section I and insert the following; which was ) agreed to: '?Each Judicial District in the State shall constitute one Election District, except Ch?irl<suton Dintriofc, wliieli shall be divided into three Election Districts. The first consisting of all that part of the city of Charleston which hes East of the middle thread of King street in saidjeity, through? out its whole extent, a?d to be called j Charleston, District Eifet; the second, of all that part of the city which hes I West of the ?ame line^ and to be called Charleston District West; and the third, consisting of all that part of the Judicial District which is with? out the corporate limits*of the city, and to be known as the Election Dis? trict of Washington." After the reception of teveral re? ports of Committees, the Convention j adjourned. Thc indomitable pluck of the At? lantic Telegraph Company abaiost inspires ns with faith in the ultimate success of the cable. Wc have had no such instance of resoluto will since the days of Christopher Columbus as that which they aro exhibf?ng. The company doak not seem to have been at all disheartened by the snapping of the cable in mid ocean the other day, but have commenced manufac? turing another, and have chartered the* "Great Eastern" for five years, for the purpose* of again and again testing the practicab?ity of their en? terprise. Indeed, strange as it may appear, their last misfortune appears to have had the effect of intensifying the zeal and energy with which they propose pressing their experiment next summer. GEK. BRECXINRIDOE AT TORONTO. At an early hour yesterday morning, the distinguished' Southerner, Gen. John C. Breckinridge, arrived in this city from" Montreal by the Grand Trunk Railway, accompanied by Col. Benham, Maj,. Helm and Col. J. Wil? son: They put up at the Queen's Hotel, wlrere they were 'isited yester? day by a large number of friends and sympathizers. We believe General Br?ckinridge and party proceed short? ly to TSt. Catharines. f Toronto Leader, 14///. ? .- ?.? GEN. LEE.-A recent letter from . en. Leo, President elect of Wash? ington College, to Judge Brookenbo rough, states that he will be in Lex? ington on the 90th instant, to attend a meeting of the Board of Trustees to be held on that (Lay; and that he will enter upon thc duties of bis office at' the opening of thc session. Local ^X"t*3^50LS. LATE PABE'US.- We bey tu return our thanks to Mr. Street Burdell for copies of the latest Northers papers, from which wc make, copious extracts in our own. We ?ire glad to heai*of tie- inipvov?m^ri: in Mr. Burdell's. health. S.M.eu.v JIANCFACTOBY.-We arc: pleased to learn that the magnificent Saluda maim-, factttrin.^ establishment of Colonel Childs, which was so thoroughly Shcrn?ar.ized in February last, is in such progress that it ia fully expected to resume ita operations by or before January next. This will l<;> rapid wore, and highly creditable to the enter? prising proprietor. We trust that neither his own nor the public expectations will suffer disappointment-. . . . , Passenger? for any points on th?; Green? ville Railroad will be pleased to know that th"T can now go through without deten? tion, as the trains eave Alston, every morning (Sundays excepted) at 5 ojclock. Mr. C. Y. Pool's line of stages run in con? nection with thc cars, leaving this city every afternoon, except Saturday, at 5 o'clock. As the mails are carried promptly by this line, thc information is of th? greatest importance to the entire c-'ini muniiy, and we -shall now expect to soi; tho subscriptions to thc Pluxndn increase to a wonderful extent in tlrst section of country, as the great drawback (next to the scarcity of money, has been the lack of mail fac?? ties. ' NKW.FIHM.-We arc pleased to welcome . back to our City nnc'tif its ole1 residents Mr. li. E. B. Hewetson, who was for many years connected with th?.' erection <>t" the new Stat?.' Capitol. Previous to his advent in this city, he ivas, engaged as a Civil En? gineer ,pn thc \orth Carolina Cagtraljlail road^and there gave universal satisfaction. M?. Kay is well known in our city, having been, since 1S54, a Resident Architect of our new State House.w He ?as, previous to his engagementr'here, Assistant Architect and Engineer ,<jf the New York Crystal Palace. We are fully assured tiiat these gentlemen will give entire satisfaction in the exercise of their profession, and we wis?i them a hearty welcome l>a.ek to their homes, an abundance of work, and toother* citizens the advantage of their services. . Cooi. ATn Ci.otrpv.-Sn Tai-? thc raina have bren slight, but the skies are mark with clouds, of a raw and threatening as? pect. Tffe winds. incline tn the East, bat show themselves coquettishly. In all proba? bility, their, caprices will conting till to? wards night, (that is, Wednesday night,) and then the North-Eas.t will gain the ascendant, and we slia?l have a concussion through thc usual medium of the equinoc? tial gale. Thea shall the summer vapors bc dispersed; then will the inga lift; then will the Convention adjoun? then' wit! everybody bc happyi and then will October enter upon the scene, like a portly, grace? ful, brown-cheeked, 'middle-aged gentle-, man, like some of tho ex-Govarnors whom wc know, looking benignantly upon th* prospect, -and waving paternal and patri? archal arms in blessing over the future of thc year, at least. It is not easy to say in what consists our hop-j. That must be found subordinate to the general conviction 'of a necessity which rounds all its calcula? tions upon a resigned humility of heart. Wc shall have to pluck the flower of. hope out of the nettle of suffering. We must look for the'lost jewel by stirring "among I the ashes of each desolated ?hearth. If still decreed to five, or allowed to do so, .then it behooves us to extract from life all j of security and profit that we can, and this I wc can onljr do by seeking our capital resources in each individual himself. Our skies arc. cool and cloudy now, a:ul storm is probably at hand. We trust it will sweep lightly ove r the unsheltered head, and that wc may enjoy a clear, if not > bright, sky hereafter. Kaw AovxriTisEiiENTs.-Attention is rall? ied to thc following' advertisement^, which are pablished for the first time this morn? ing: . Pr. C. H. Miot-Quinine, llutson Lee & Co,-Insurance Agents. " " " -Coupon Bonds. Coffin & Ravcnol -A Curiositv. J. S. & Wm. J. Wiley-Gold, Cotton, &c. W. T. Burge fe Co.-Now Goods. J. G. Gibbes-Hosijrv, Gloves, ?sc. " " -Black Felt Hats. " " -Cloths and Cassimcres. A. R. Phillips -Furniture. Jewelry, &c. Apply at this Office-Wagon for Sal?. The receipts of treasure at San Francisco''from different sources "dur? ing the first six months of-this year were $29,225,000, of which amount California, and Nevada contributed $25,671,782. The product of gold and silver mines on the Pacific coast for the first six months of last year was estimated at $28,000,000; so we have an increase of $1,225,000; while the increase this year over the same period in 1863 is $3,581,989. There were 867 lives lost in British c al mines last year.