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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, October 07, 1865, Image 3

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.T?ASHX?<??K, GCvu?er .2.- The
L official statement of the public debt
I shows a decrease of twelve and a hall
I millions since the 31st of August.
Jk The Treasury Department has given
? notice that it will give, in exchange
fi ' for certificates of indebtedness, com
mk pound interest notes and Treasury
fi notes to the extent of $60, OOO, OOO/ six
fi per cent, five-twenty year bonds, at
fi three per cent, premium. That is to
WK say, one hundred-do?lars of bonds for
BS each hundred and three in certificates
V jvad notes.
W Secretary McCullough, of the Trea
? suzy, stated to-day that it does not
enter into his present calculations to
put another loan upon the market.
Advance in P*per.
B JSTOK, Sept. 29.-Printing paper
has risen materially within the past
week or two. Prices to-day are 19 to
20 cents per sound, and it is difficult
. to get an order taken at all. Dealers
say there is a scarcity of stock, and
that water is short at the mills.
Letter paper is quoted at 50 cents,
and fine fiat paper at 40 to ASL% cents.
X?ate?t from Europe.
Nsrw TOKE, October 1.-The steam
. er Allemania, from Southampton
September 20th, has arrived.
The cattle plague is increasing in
England, and the London cow houses
? are being decimated.
(The Army and Nary Gaztitcrepeats
the statement that Donald McCay, ol
Boston, is in close communication
with the Admirality on the subject oi
torpedoes, as the authorities intern"
laying torpedoes in the various chan?
nels leading into the harbors.
The Times says that the informatior
upon which the seizure of the "Iris!
People" was made, was derived fron
Accounts from the manufacturing
districts of France are favorable. Thc
vintage had commenced, and ar
abundant crop was certain.
Lord Russell's letter to the Englist
agent abroad censures the Germar
powers, and says that "force alone if
the power which has been consulted
and recognized. Violence and con
quest are the only basis upon which
Austria and Prussia have established
a connection. England deeply de
plores' the disregard manifested foi
the public regret and the legitimate
claims of the people to be heard wher
the question effects their destiny. "
Russia officially declares that sin
will maintain a non-intervention
policy in the Schleswig-Holstein ques
The Liverpool Albion says that Mi
Benjamin, ex Confederate Secretar
of State, intends to join the Englisi
FARTHER POINT, October 2.- Th
steamship Belgian, from Liverpool oi
the 21st, passed here this afternoon
The arrest of Fenians continued to b
made in Ireland.
The Liverpool cotton market wa
excited, and prices were bj to %
higher on the week for Americar
with sales of 188,000 bales. The sale
Friday amounted to 20,000 bales
closing with still an upward tendency
.Vif?Ira in Texas.
NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 27.-Hon
David G. Burnett has arrived her
from Texas, en rouie to Washingtoi
with a large petition praying for th
pardon of Jefferson Davis.
Galveston was visited by the mo.1
terrific storm ever witnessed, on tl
13th instant. Several houses wei
blown down and others moved fro:
their foundation. Trees and fenc*
were also prostrated in every dire
tion. No lives, fortunately, we
lost. The town of Osage, on tl
Sabine. River, also felt the effects
the storm. Houses were blown dov
in various parts of the place, and tl
fragments of one fell upon its tenant
mortally wounding one person ai
bruising several others. Other a
counts of the storm from difiere:
portions of the State are fearful.
San Antonio advices say that Go
Merritt ie actively engaged in sendii
' large detachments of cavalry to hu
down the Indians and jayhawkei
and otherwise protect the frontier.
The Houston Telegraph says th
there is hardly any complaint again
tho proceeding of the military office
in the State, or interference with,
opposition to, the civil appointmer
of Governor Hamilton, whose a
ministration of affairs is giving m
versal satisfaction.
Governor Hamilton recently c
livered an important address, whi
is everywhere regarded as very ct
ciliatory in its character, as it loo
to the heading of old political wounds,
while it {is still uncompromisingly
Union in tts sentiments.
? letter from Texas says that the
destruction of cotton by the army
worm is really alarming. In many
districts not more than a fourth Or a
third of the crop will be gathered.
Tiie Wir? Trial-Sobpansi for G?x?.
' Lee, Howell Cobl? ?ad others.
WASHINGTON, September 30.-Tho
trial of Wira is expected to last for
several weeks longer. The examina?
tion of witnesses for the defence pro?
ceeds slowly, apparently with a view
to establish the fact that Wirz was
sick and absent from Andersonville
when many of the alleged atrocities
were committed; that he was not re?
sponsible for the vaccination which
resulted so disastrously; that he
never maltreated anybody, nor acted
wilfully and maliciously; and that,
although the rules of the prison were
stringent, and there was a lack of
physical comforts, the "old Dutch
Captain," as his counsel calls him,
was not responsible to the extent con?
tained in the charges-in a word, that
the evidence for the Government will
not justify his conviction.
A subpoena for Gen. Robert E. Lee
was sent off this morning, and it is
expected that he will arrive here in
the middle of next week. Geu.
Howell Cobb, and lex-Governor
Brown, of Georgia, Gen. Joe John?
ston, and Col. Robert Ould, are also
summoned to appear as witnesses foi
the defence. It is understood the
last named will testify in relation tc
the question of the exchange of pri?
soners, and is expected to show thal
it was not the fault of the Rebel Gov?
ernment that it was not sooner ef?
At the examination to-day, Capt.
Wright, ex-quartermaster at Ander?
sonville, testified that he succeeder
R. B. Winder at that post; that th?
tents of his regiment were taken foi
prison hospital purposes; that it wa.?
impossible to procure lumber, anc
that lie had never heard of furloughi
being granted Confederate soldier!
because they shot Union prisoners
Judge Hall, of Georgia, a witness fo:
the prosecution, was called for tin
defence, and testified that Wirz ha<
applied to him to prosecute som<
persons who had been appropriatinf,
provisions, &c, intended for tin
i prisoners, but he was unable to dis
j'cover the culprits. ">ogs, he said
j were commonly us in Georgia fo
' tracking felons, vio^iteis of the law
and runaway slaves; but by the law
of the State no one could be pursue*
? by vicious or savage dogs. Col
i Chipman objected to this, and resent
? ed it as an insult to the army to h av
' Union soldiers classed with felons
' The Court then adjourned till Mon
j day. ____
Diplomatic Correspondence.
j WASHINGTON, September 29.-Th
j third volume of the Diplomatic Coi
i respondence which aecoinpaniad th
j President's Message at the second sei.
j sion of the late Congress, has jus
\ been issued from the Governmer
J Printing Bureau. It is a volume c
j six hundred pages. Much of its ii
! terest has been lost by the delay (
I publication. The correspondence wit
j France commences as far back ?
I November, 1863, and is on the sui
j jects of equipments of belligerent-ve
seisin neutral ports, affairs in Mexic
I cases of the Rappahannock, Georg
j and Florida, the iron-clads at Birkei
I head, the military situation, rumor?
' reports of intervention, &c.
j It appears from one of the mar
j letters written by Mr. Dayton to M
Seward, and dated December, 186
that the British Government inform)
Mr. Drouyn de L'huys, that an Am
rican vessel had been taken by ?
Confederates ap a prize, and sold
an Englishman; that after this si
had been re-taken by one of our ov
J ships, and that, therefore, Mr. Sewa
had refused to recognize the Briti
title, coming as it did through a Co
federate source.
The English Government thei
upon resolved that it would not ]
cognize the right of the United Sta!
Government to make prizes of Co
federate vessels, and it submitted t
pi'oposition to the French Govei
ment, with the view to adjust a dec
ration to that effect The Fren
Minister replied that he did kn
what course his Government wot
take in such au event, and he did i
wish to auticipab \ Secretary Se wai
in a letter to Mr. Dayton, ?aid
wa? very tb an Kf il that the Free
Government hud declined the pro]
sition, that the insurgent* hud nc
made a lawful prize, and never If
fully condemned a vessel; and he 1
zarded little in saying that nnctei
circumstances was the Goveriimi
of the United Stetes likely to recog?
nize any captare or any condemnation
they might make or procure.
In a letter to Mr. Dayton, the
Secretary, of State said he -was autho?
rized to approve of his renewed re?
monstrances to the French Govern?
ment, concerning the prosecution of
-the work on the rams which were
being built in French ports, and the
hospitalities extended to the Florida
and the Bappahannock; and he added,
for all the losses and damages which
the Government and citizens sustain?
ed by the depredations of the vessels
in question, the United States, as
they believe, justly hold the Govern?
ment of the countries which they
have proceeded responsible, whenever
they nave been duly forewarned, and
have omitted proper measures to pre?
vent the departure of said hoBtile ex?
Mr. Dayton, in a letter dated March.
1864, informed Mr. Seward that M.
Drouyn de L'huys assured him that
France would not take Texas as ?
gift, even if it were accompanied with
a handsome doceur; besides that, she
does not want it, and would not have
The volume also contains despatches '
from our Minister in Russit. the Ne?
therlands, China and Japan, and re?
plies thereto from the Secretary of
State, all showing remarkable watch?
fulness and activity in the protection j
of our many interests abroa?.
Big Puff for Kansai.
WYANDOTTE, August 27, 1865.
Kansas is really a magnificent State,
and one of vast capabilities. My
recent trip high up on the hne of the
Union Pacific Railway, has <onvinced
j me of this. Let me here relate a
1 fact In 1860, an Irish ionian-a
widow-whose only meanslconsisted
j of $400 in money, and st me half
dozen children, took 160 acr?s of the
I Government land.
Since then, she has increased this,
! by assistance of her childrtn, until
I herself and children now o*n 1,200
t acres, all paid for. This y?r she
sold her butter, made last yvar, for
$900. She has recently sdd the
balance of her last year's cor*i crop,
1.200 bushels, for $2.50 per >ushel,
which is $3,100. Last week sie sold
22 head of oxen for $75 each, for
$1,650. She sold her bacos. and
hams for some $500. So tuft the
produce of the farm, over and above
keeping' the family, has beer over
$6,000. She has now on haj d 1G0
head o? cattle of all sizes; for 28 of
which sue refused $50 each. S\e has i
20 firkins butter in the cellar, which j
average 120 lbs. each, and whick she !
says she will get 75 cents per pound !
for, by taking it to some of the
United States posts higher up. She !
has, also, hogs in abundance, ani 05 ;
acres growing corn, which will pro- '
duce SO bushels to tlie acre.
Now this seems like exaggeration, :
but it is literally true.
NEGBOES rs INDIANA.-The following I
we copy from the Lafayette Courier: |
An action was recently brought ?
against Moses Hanger, a well known '
farmer of this county, on the change I
of giving employment to a negro, in ?
violation of the law, based upon the ?
13th article of the Constitutum, j
which prohibits the emigration of
negroes to the State after the 31st :>f
October,. 1851.
The penalty is a tine of not le? ;
than $10 nor more vhan $500. The
negro is also subject to prosecution,
but in thiscase.the action was brought
against tlie white man alone. The
j complaint was riled before a civil
magistrate at Clark's Hill, but was
tried by a change of venue before
Esquire Winship, at Stockwell. Tue
case was prosecuted in behalf of the
State by ex-Mayor Ward, of this city",
and defended by a brevet lawyer,
named Rei nh art.
The facts being true as alleged in
the complaint, Squire Winship ren?
dered a decision for the State, on tile
strict letter of the law, and assess?
ed a fine of $10 and costs. j
The case will go to the Supreme
Court of the United States on ap?
peal, and, from the issues involved,
is destined to figure in the jurispru?
dence of the country, along with tho
Drcd Scott and other decisions in
which tho natural and inalienable
rights of man have been called in
Fir^t, we heard of a cattle plague,
then came the hog cholera, and now
we learn that a fatal disease has pre?
vailed for some short time past among
poultry in tho environs of Paris, to
such ail extent that some persons have
lost, ail their fowls in thc course cf a
day or two. A strict supervision ha?,
in consequence, been e.-. irciscd iu the
markets, to prevent poultry .JO dying
from being oil".-rod for sala
THE PUBLIC DEBT.-The following
careful and elaborate statement of the
public debt and national finances has
been made by a gentleman of Wash?
ington. It mil be read with interest,
being a full exhibit of the expendi?
tures of the Government in carrying
on the late great war for the mainte?
nance of the Union:
The public debt before the war was
$90,867,828. On the first of July
last it was $2,757,263,275. The re?
ceipts of the Government during the
war, exclusive of loans, &c, were
8738,740,781. It is estimated, how?
ever, that before the war balance can
be fairly struck, the national debt
will swell up to $3,000,000,000, and
that the actual amount expended in
I suppressing the rebellion was about
$3,350,000,000, or an average of about
$838,000,000 a year. The expendi
I tures of the first year of the war
: were about $475,000,000; in the se?
cond, $679,000,000: in the third.
$916,000,000; in the fourth, $1,215,
The total expenditure of the Navy
Department during the four vears of
the war was about $350,000,000, and
that of the War Department about
j $2,650,000,000, of which the Quarter
I masters Department alone expended
? about $1,400,000,000.
The interest on the public debt on
September 1st, was $138,000,000.
Supposing the principal to be in?
creased to $3,000,000,000, the interest
j will be say $154,000,000. It is esti?
mated that the annual expenses of
j the War Department for the future,
1 supposing the effective strength of :
j the army to be about 125,000 men,
! will be full $100, OOO,000; the expenses
of the Navy Department $25,000,000, j
and for the civil service, including
pensions, &c, $61,000,000-making
the aggregate amount of expendihires
required $341,000,000.
LEARNING A TRADE.-It was a wise
law of the ancient Jews, that the sons
of even their wealthiest men should
be obhged to serve an apprenticeship
to some useful Occupation; so that, in
case of reverse of fortune, they might1
have something to "fall backupon."
The same law prill exists in Turkey,
whero every man, rich or poor, even
the Sultan himself, must learn a
trade. How fortunate would it be
now, had it been a law in this coun?
try. "Would to God I had a trade!"
is the cry of thousands of returning
soldiers, North and South, who find
themselves ruined in pocket, with no
immediate prospect of gaining a live?
lihood. It should teach parents that,
whatever else they may give their
sons, they should give them a good
contemporary, remarking upon "Our
Mutual Friend" and "Armadale,"
speaks as follows: "Dickens is be?
coming'savagely stem os he grows
old, probably because the world will
not grow better in ?pire of all his
efforts to improve it. Wilkie Collins
is not so stern as his friend,.perhaps,
for the reason that he i=; much the
younger man.
The Post Office Department has is?
sued an order that all parties found
carrying letters outside of the mad,
except in stamped envelopes, will be
arrested and dealt with according to
Horse stealing prevails to such un
extent in the District of Columbia,
Maryland and Delaware, that the
Government has taken measures to
capture the thieves. Nearly a dozen
have been already apprehended.
The freedmen of North Carolina
met in convention at Raleigh, on Fri?
day, to take steps to demand the ad
I mission of negroes as witnesses and
jurymen in courts of lav/ and to claim
i the right of suffr?tge.
\ Jefferson Davis hits been removed
? from bis casemate to quarters assigned
j him in Carroll Hall.
I Paul Morphy is preparing his
I chess-book in New York.
Public Meeting.
A MEETING ?f thc citizens of Columbia
will bo held THIS (Saturday) MORNING,
at 10 o'clock, in the hall over th? store o'
James G. Gibbes, to receive the report of
the. Committee un Proposed Market. Ry
order of tl c Mayor. . Oct 7 1
To the Candidates for the General Assem?
GENTLSKI?N: The voters ol' this District,
hoing impressed with the importance of
legislation to be enacted at the next Gene?
ral Assembly, feel ii. their duty to propound
the following queries to yon:
1st. Aro you opposed to repudiation?
2d. What arc your views in rofereuce to
the stay law and the settlement of con?
tract? entered into during the war?
Upon yonr answer to these '{uestionf tho
issue of the election v. ill depend.
South Carolina-Richland .District.
Catherine Franck ve. H. F. Franck and C.
H. Franck.-Bill for Sale of Heal Eetate.
IN pursuance of tho order ot the Conrt of
Eunitv in the above case. I will sell, on
the FIRST MONDAT in November next,
before the Court House, at 10 a. m.",
The lot of LAND used by the late H. C.
Franck s - a store, fronting on Rich ards ou
street, and bounded as follows: North bj a
lot formerly owned by Thomas Campbell,
afterwards by H. C. Franck, now T. S. liick
eraon, South by a lot which formerly be?
longed to Robert E. Russell, East by a lot
which formerly belonged to Dr. Fitch, now
T; S. Nickerson. On the North is an alley?
way, 9 feet 6 inches wide and 99 feet S inches
:Teep, "to be kept open forever as an alley?
way hi common for owners of adjacent
lots." The lot ie one-fourth of a'i acre,
and fronts 54 feet 3 inches on Richardson
TERMS.-One-third casi. Balance on a
credit of one and two years, interest an- .
nuallj, until the whole "debt be paid; se
eureu bv bend, wish mortgage of the pre
? raises. D. B. DESAUSSUR?.
Oct 7 $13
Office in rear of thc Court House
Oct 7 _Imo*
Old Corn for Sale Low1.
CORNER BarnweU and Blanding streets,
opposite Charlotte Depot. Oct 7 1*
Saddle Hone fer Sale.
a ale-warranted sound. Apply to
M Tl* oct 7 i
Ten Dollars Reward.
STRAYED, on Wednesday last,
from Dr. Parker'? reaideace, oppo
... .fc^eite the Asylum, a SORREL MAKE,
16 h inds high, star in tho forehead ana
one hind foot white; shod on front feet
only. Th a.bove reward will be paid for
her delivcrr te HUTSON LEE.
Oct 7 " 2*
Ow\J just received at
Assembly street, West side,
Oct 7 1 One door North of Market st.
just received at C. S. JENKINS',
Assembly street, West side,
Oct 7 1 One door North of Market st.
HERRINGS, Pickled and Smoked?
ff. Ti " 13(by half barrel, kit and box.
! SHHHE and without handlos.
Ar. excellent and warrantee! genuine arti?
cle of SPANISH SEGARS. For sale bv
Oct. 7 J* RICHARD) :ALDW Kl L.
-or, JUST recoivi.:. ai the corner Of Boll
FBI and-Camden streets, a carefully se
Klectcd assortment of SHOES, for men,
women and children; Sewed and India Rub?
ber Water-proof BROGANS, BALMORALS
and CONGRESS BOOTS, Glove, Buff, Mo
i rocco and Calf Skin BOOTEES. Ac., and
I (Jct 7 1*
SPA?TANBURG C. H., S. C.. OCT. 1, *fi5.
jn_ THE exercises of this School,
?$3? distioritiniied for some time, are
^jP^i^Tuiti ?:i and board, tin?
ner month. .. . ? .. .". . ? . '$80 00
Payable in current funds, 'ii months iu
! advance. For farther information, address
I the subscriber. WILLIAM IRWIN,
Oct 7 4.5 Principal.
.^Jg-T-"!. THANKFUL fer ps.?t
^^aSgir" patronajic. would inform?e r^
3gZapSsi?."i nits frb-ndsaud the pub- Vir
liebhat he has enlarged hie shop, and ie
prepared to do any kind of work as Black?
smith, Horse-shoer and Locksmith.
Asscmblv street, naar Camden st..
Oct 4 6* ' Oppogite Catholic Church.
! General Commission Merchants,
! Plain sired, 2d door from A*,cTnb?ur
Sept 7 COLUMBIA, S. C.
New Flour.
ll / G half bbl?. No. 1 MACKEREL.
10 Wie No. 1 MACKEREL.
Just received and for sale b?
Oct 5 ;? J. G. GIBBES.

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