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We subjoin, from the New York News ol the 21st, a very interesting correspondence between Gen. Beau regard and the editor of Harper's Ma>j<tzi>ie, touching the article which General Jordan contributed to the October number of that Magazine, and in which he assailed the ex-Presi? dent of the Confederate States, with a good deal of feeling. Thc charac? ter of the article, as well as the intimate relations which subsisted during the war, between the writer of it and General Beauregard, bas led ! some persons to believe that the latter J approved of its publication, and this j fact has given to it additional impor- ! tance. The letters which we publish prove that General Beauregard, so far from advising the publication of the article at the time, protested against it. and did all that he could to delay its publication, at least until after Mr. Davis- shall have been liberated : GENERAL BEAUREGARD TO THE EDITOR OF HARPERS' MAGAZINE. rCopy.l New Orleans, Sept. 2, 1865. DEAR SIR : I received, a few days since, from Gen. Thomas Jordan, the ;proof-sheets of an article entitled ""Jefferson Davis," which is to appear in the October number of your Ma? gazine. I have written to him re truesting him not to publish it at this moment when Mr. Davis is a close prisoner in a fortress; but fearing <"k>n. Jordan may not receive my letter in time, I take the liberty of writing to you direct, in the hope that the publication of that article may be delayed at least until Mr. Davis shah bave been liberated, in order to afford bim the opportunity of defending himself, should he think proper to dc so. I am far from being one of his admirers or proselytes; indeed, I might have many things to say against his mismanagement of our national affairs while he was our Chief Magis? trate, but we should never strike at a fallen foe when incapable of opposing any resistance. Respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. BEAUREGARD. To Editor Harpers' Magazine, N. Y. EDITOR OF HARPER'S MAGAZINE TO GENERAL BEAUREGARD. [Copy.]^ Fiu.i?bim Sipaare, New York, September ll, 1865. (fen. G. T. Beauregard, N. 0., La: SIR : I have the honor to acknow? ledge your note of the 2d, relating to Gen. Jordan's paper on Mr. Davis. Before your note reached me (yester? day) the sheet containing that paper was entirely printed. It is, therefore, wholly beyond my power to delay the pubbcation of the article. I cannot admit that the production of this paper by me is a blow at a fallen adversary when he is incapable of opposing any resistance. It can in nowise be to his prejudice on his ap? proaching trial. His personal charac? ter is nowise assailed. His official acts are certainly proper subjects for dis? cussion at any time, here or elsewhere. While I do not fully agree with Gene? ral Jordan upon all points, I yet thought it every way desirable that the views of a man, who had special opportunities of judging, should be presented to the public. As far as I can judge, from pretty extensive con? versations with men who acted con? spicuous parts against us during the war, these views are essentially those of the great mass of competent judges at the South. The whole subject was carefully con sidered before I decided to publish the paper, and I must add frankly that I should not have thought it ad? visable to withhold or delay the paper, even had your suggestion to that enect reached me in time to make it possible for mo to do it. I am, very respectfully, your obe? dient servant, EDITOR HARPERS' MAGAZINE. THE POPE ANO THE FREE MASONS. The Pope has again pronounced an allocution, which is making some stir in Europe. This time he warns the faithful against the Free Masons, re? minding them that several of his pre? decessors hitve proscribed and re? proved that sect, the entrance into which they declared should entail ex? communication, which the Pope alone could remove. The Pope denounces Free Masons as the instigators of revolutions, and calls on the secular governments to suppress them. Love in men is like the distemper in dogs. Neither puppies nor men are worth anything until thev have had it. Great Britain and Ireland. While on English soil our volun? teers ar? banding together for the de? fence of their homes, we find, on the other side of tho Channel, a horde of hot-headed young men assembling, for no other object than to revolution? ize the country, and dismember the empire by tire and sword. They are said to possess large stores of arms, paid instructors, systematic organiza? tion, and a distinct revolutionary ob? ject, which was implied in Ahearn's ridicule of the policeman's loyalty "paid for at the rate of fifteenpence a day." We consider this conspiracy rather as weak and wicked than dan? gerous, at least to any great degree, to the Government of ireland. There are many broad and deep lines of de? marcation which contrast it with the Irish plots ii nd plotters of other days, and in all these points it appears but a lower anti more degenerate develop? ment of its predecessors. Tho United Irishmen of the last century combined against the English dominion mem? bers of the Roman Catholic, Episco? palian, and Presbyterian Churches, with men of wealth, station, influence and talent, ns their leaders. Their combination tilled the land, and yet it fell to pieces, and was crushed when it rose in rebellion to carry out its grand object. With O'Connell sprang up the "moral force" faction of Catholic Ireland, backed and bless? ed by thc priesthood; its mighty mis? sion, to wrest from England the Repeal of the Union, iras a failure, and that national and wide-spread organization of the Repeal party sleeps forever in the grave of the great agitator. Then "Young Ire? land" rose to work on Erin's redemp? tion from the cruel bondage of tho Saxon, which ended in a farce of a single act in a cabbage-garden, with Smith O'Brien as the principal per? former. And now we have this Fenian ground-swell that mutters and threatens so much. It stands alone and distinct in its mischievous object. It seems to be neither sanctioned nor j abetted by the natural leaders of the Irish peasantry-the priesthood; nay, j from many an altar it has been solemnly denounced, and by the Ro? man Catholic bishop it has been severely interdicted. Unlike "Young Ireland." and the rebels of '98, the Fenian party are exclusively sons of the Roman Catholic Church, though reprobated by their spiritual fathers. Other conspiracies against the rights and mle of England in Ireland em? braced the whole extent of the coun? try, and were not limited to a few counties, as the Fenians are. They j were headed by men of mark, ana supported by men of wealth or sta ! tion or political influence, with a I powerful press to uphold their claims and to defend their principles-attri? butes entirely wanting in this last j phase of Milesian faction. Under conditions so widely differ I ent from those of preceding organi I zations, it may well be doubted whe? ther it is indigenous or an importa I tion from America. The question I may be asked whether the democratic Ireland-loving, England-loathing re? public has supplied with money and arms, and military instruction, the land which sent her so many re? cruits to replenish the armies that feb1 like sheep before the sword of the i South. We know it has been mort than once avowed by Northern derna gogues that they "reckon" on thc day that is soon to come, when a wai with England will enable Ireland tc : free herself from "the tyrant." Bj ! too many the greatness of England ii believed to overshadow Ireland, whicL can never bask in the beams, or bi cheered by the sunshine of prospe j rity, until the overshadowing monstei j is thrown down from its high place This sentiment, so long prevalent ii America, is the fundamental doctrine of the Fenian political creed. We dc not pray, with Castlereagh, that Ire land may be drowned for twenty-foui hours beneath the deep to wash awa^ her grievances. Wo prescribe a mildei remedy for her maladies. It is, wt believe, in the power of a gentle ye firm Government to make ?ill partie: ; in Ireland foe! that their interests ari identical with those of England. A: the legislation of Ireland has beconn more liberal and progressive, in tin same proportion seditious conspiracy under whatever name or form it nnv; appear, has become less dangerou: and less formidable from its growing weakness and marked isolation fron the educated and influential classes These silly outbreaks aro fast dy inj away, like other malignant epidemic: when exposed to a fuller ventilation and a purer and more widely diffus?e light Let the Government o? ?hi country only go on as they have dom for tho last quarter of a century, de veloping the material interests of tha unhappy land, extending its tradi and education, breaking np the bond of faction and loosening its hold on j the minds of the educated and influ ential by a strict and impartial ad-, j ministration of the law, by an honest': endeavor to reward merit ard capa- 1 city in all classes and creeds, without j favor or prejudice; and by proving by l their umform action that the great ! object of Englishmen is to govern ; Ireland for the common interest and j glory of a common empire, and not ; for thc benefit or aggrandizement of j England to the detriment of the sister i country.-London Review, 12th vlf. NEW ARCTIC EXPLORATIONS.- Un- j dismayed by the failure of Franklin, j Kane, Hayes and others to extract i any results from Arctic exploration j worthy of the danger and expense, j the Germans are determined to try j their luck in adventure in the icy j seas. Dr. Peter, an eminent German ? geographer, 1ms originated a new ! plan of exploration, which is nov.- ! being arranged, and which it is ex pected will soon culminate in the j sailing of an expedition. He L.is of- ; fered a premium varying from ?150 ! to .?300 to mariners who will consent : to engage in such a voyage. He be- j Uves that the influence of th : gulf stream will be found to extend into i tiie currents of the .seas between | Spitzbergen and Nova Zembla. Ho j is of opinion that, by that route, it j will be easier to penetrate into the frozen regions than by the usual j course of navigation. It is reported that he has chartered an English ' steamer of 200 tons burden as a pio- j neer to the larger expeditions, and that a vessel will be sent from Ham- j merferst during the present year.- I The voyage is to be made from the I latter port, along the eastern coast of Spitzbergen, and if possible to Gillis" land. The object is to test the truth of this theory relative to the currents \ and the influence of the gulf stream, j Should the hopes of the projector be j borne out by actual fact, the steamer will return and report the result of her observations, and the larger ex? pedition will then be fitted out. Capt. Hagermau, of Hamburg, is to be the commander of the expedition, and the funds have been partially furnished by subscription among the merchants of Hamburg. The balance, it is hoped, will be made up in Bremen. For the present this is all that is known of the proposed at tempt, and the full execution of the plan may depend upon thc report of the pioneer steamer. They have hitherto had very little to do with Arctic experiments. The English, French and Americans have monopo? lized the honor, such as it is, of these luckless adventures. Ac the present time an American explorer, Captain Hall, is in the Arctic regioas, and he expects to prosecute the greater part of his explorations by the overland route. He sailed some months ago, and it is nearly time that he should be heard from. [Ph il< (ddph. ia luquir.v-. STARTLING DISCOVERIES AT NASH? VILLE.-A special despatch to the New York World, dated Nashville, October 20, says: A startling discovery has been made in this city within the last few days. A large number of thieves have been depredating around the city for some time past. All efforts to catch them have been unavailing until lately. It has been ascertained that there are five different caves under the city, which are occupied by thieves, burg? lars and counterfeiters. The McNary vault in the graveyard has been put under guard, and men set to work to effect an entrance into the cave. As fast as the earth is removed, fresh earth is thrown up from the inside of the cave. This is the same cave that Murrell and his gang occupied when engaged in running off ii ?groes and horaes. The affair has beer kept secret, but leaked out in spite of the military. A year ago it was reported that the McNary tomb was used as a place to store plunder, and it is com? monly reported that a lake, covering five acres and very deep, is directly under the city. One man swears to having throughly explored the^utirc cavern, from one end to the other. A guard has been stationed over the Acklen and Harden tombs. The lock? smith gives his opinion that the lock on the McNary tomb has been used recently. Thc entrance to tho cavern is at the foot of Summer street. The military arc determined to find ont the outlet of the cave. Thc entrance looks like a fissure in the rock. The discovery originated from the fact that quite a number of murders have been committed in the immediate vicinity, which led to an investiga? tion, disclosing the above facts. Hon. A. F. Poland has been elected cliief Justice of the Supreme C curt of Vermont LEE AT THE GRATE OF JACKSON*.-A j correspondent of the New York D rily Neics, writing from Lexington, Va., giving some account of the place and its attractions, says : But the greatest attraction to the visitor to Lexington, and. indeed, the Mecca to which, in years to come, many pilgrims will resort, is the grave of " Stonewall Jackson." Last Sab? bath afternoon, the burial of a member of the Order attracted to the beautiful cemetery of the town a long proces? sion of Odd Fell? >ws. and an immense crowd of citizens, and I went, that I might, avail myself of the opportunity of visiting the grave of the great chief whom I had so often followed to vic? tory. Nb sterne murks the spot, which is indicated simply by a stuft', upon whicb the Confederate flag once float? ed : but the wreath of flowers, laid by fair hands on the grave, and kept fresh by daily additions, is a tit emblem of the place the hero holds in tho me? mory and affections of tlx*? people ot* thc South. As long as true greatness, honor, purity o? character, and deep toned piety are esteemed. Jackson will not be forgotten. I was told, that immediately on his arrival in Lexing? ton, to assume his place in the Wash? ington College. Gen. Leo paid a visit to the grave of Jackson, and lingered for a long time around the hallowed spot. Lee at the grave of Jackson, would form a picture which a master hand might delight to paint. A BROTHER'S REVENGE.-A corres? pondent of the Chicago Times, writing from Detroit, Mich.. October LA, says: Captain John P. Ward was fatally shot at Lexington, last evening, by young Farmau, a boy fifteen years old, a brother of the girl whom Ward recently outraged. The preliminary examination of Ward, on the charge of rape, was taking place. A portion of the evidence was in, and the court adjourned about nine o'clock in the evening. The next morning, young F arman, who had been observed in the room intently watching his victim throughout the day, followed Ward as he left the room. When about one hundred yards down the street, he stepped close behind Ward, drew a revolver, and tired. The ball entered the small of his back, severing the spinal column, and passed out below the lower rib. The murdered man sank to the ground, when the boy fired two moro shots, which took effect, producing flesh wounds. The boy then went back to the court room and gave himself into custody. Great indignation previ? ously existed in the town against Ward, and the boy was applauded for the act. Ward was a man of great wealth, which he used freely to screen himself, and was noted as a seducer of young girls. _ AWKWARD PREDICAMENT OF A LAND? LADY.-About 12 o'clock on Friday night, P. C. Stothard, who was on duty in Berwick street, Sunderland, was called to a public house, the landlady being in an awkward predicament. It appeared that the hostess and her spouse had been quarreling in an up? stairs room, and threatening to com? mit suicide, she raised the window and jumped out. Her husband caught her by the chess just as she got out? side, and prevented her from falling, but the heavy weight of his better half rendered it impossible to drag her back again. The officer on the beat was summoned, but the united strength of the two men was unable to raise her up. The distance to the ground was about fifteen feet, ar: .1 to let her go would probably invoL'J n broken limb. There the young land? lady hung suspended, like Moham? med's collin, betwixt heaven and earth, nnable to go backward, and afraid to dwp. At last two feather beds were brought CHU. and the woman was al? lowed to fall, alighting without any damage, and probably deterred by her fright from attempting another lea}) of the same kind. [ Ne ira (Sf!' ? J'/>'rm il. CONFEDERATES rx MEXICO.-A letter from General Magruder, dated last August, at the City of Mexico, says he would remain there till December. Generals Price, Wilcox, Stevens, Leadbeater, ex-Governor Allen, Judge Perkins and ex-Governor Hall, ol Tennessee, were getting along pretty well. Maximilian had refused posi? tively to do anything for the Confed? erates more than for other emigrants, but favors emigration, and will soon issue a favorable decree on the subject. By the steam ship Hibernian, wc learn that a correspondence hus trans? pired between Mr. Adams, the Ame? rican Ministe., and Earl Kussel, rela? tive to the responsibility of England for ravages committed on American commerce by vessels fitted out from English ports. Earl Russe! repudi? ates the liability, and refuses to sub? mit the subject to arbitration. ( THE WIRZ TRIA ; lie Wirz Court Martial vas muro 1 .. ui over crowded with visitors to-duy, the fair sex be? ing in the majority. The Judge-Ad? vocate began his argument for the prosecution a few moments past ten o'clock, and delivered the contents of three hundred and fifteen closely written manuscript pages, occupying about three hours in the report. There remain two hundred additional pages before the argument will be closed The whole of this voluminous docu? ment is to be published by authority of the Secretary of War. The court has been in session thirty-eight days, and has amassed a record of more than five thousand pages. It appear? by the argument of the prosecution that one hundred and six witnesses Inno been summoned in behalf of the defence, of which number sixty eight reported, ard forty-two were discharged without a hearing. Dur? ing the review of the testimony t" day touching upon the cruelties and hardships of the Andersonville stock? ade. Wirz manifested considerable nervousness, and resorted several times to stimulants". Who has not seen a child turu from tin embodiment of all that could please the eye. to sit. a charmed lis? tener, on the lap of one whose enly at! /action was a gentle voice speaking words warm with the love of a pure heart. The island of Santa Cruz has been visited by a severe earthquake. Many houses were thrown down, but no loss of lifo is reported. The same shock was felt in San Domingo. A severe hurricane has also recently visited the Wes' India Islands. A number of drafted men, who had ran off but returned since the end o f the war, have been tried by a court martial at Detroit. Some have been deprived of citizenship, and some sent to State prison. It is stated that au agent in Texas, appointed for the purpose, has pur? chased 30,000 acres of land in that State, for the establishment of a colony of Poles. The tract is situ? ated near the town ot Palestine. Governor James Johnson has re? ceived official information from Wash? ington city that all the delegates to the Georgia State Convention will be pardoned. In New York, a fire on Bridge street, ou Monday night, destroyed a large warehouse filled with cotton. The probable loss is nearly a milli on of dollars. Discharged colored soldiers who cannot prove they were free at the time of enlistment do not receive any bounty. Gen. Banks has declared himself m favor of negro suffrage. Navy officers intend to petition Congress for au increase ct pay. Headq'rs District of Western S. C. I'OURTH SEPARATE BRIGADE, COLUMBIA, S. C., October 25, 1S63 a EXER AL ORDERS KO. 22. IBefore a Military Commission, which . convened at Columbia, S. C., October 17, 1805. pursuant to Special Orders No. 15, dated Headquarters, District of Western South Carolina, Fourth Separate Brigade, Columbia, S. C., October 5, 1865, and of which Captain J WHITE, 25th Regiment Ohio Veteran Volunteers, is President, wa? arraigned and tried: H". li". Levister, a citizen of Fairfield District, in thc State of Soxith Carolina. CHARGE. Assaidt, leith Intent to KUI. SPECIFICATION : In this, that hs, the sait! ir. H'. Demeter, a citizen of Fairfield Dis? trict, in the State of South Carolina, did, without sufficient legal provocation, make an assault upon the person of Sam, (a colored civilian;, a Freedman, and did shoot at, and severely wounded, the said Sam, with a gun loaded with buckshot, thereby intending to kill thc said Sam. All this on the plantation of Mrs. R> - becca Coleman, in thc District aforesaid, on 'he 12th day of 0ctO>>er, in tho year Ol our Lord eighteen hundred and sixty-rive. To which Charge and Specifi at<'">> t! accused pleaded as follows: To thc Specification, "Eat Gn??ly." To the Charge, "Kot Guilty." FlNOINO. The Commission having maturelr c ?n sidcred the evidence adduce1, finds tin accused W. IV. ?.evister, a citizen of Fair? field District, in the state f South Carolin as follows: Of the Specification, "Guilty." Ot tbe Charge, "Guilty." SENTENCE. And the Commission do, therefore, sen? tence him, W. ll'. Levister, a citizen of Fairfield District, South Carolina, to be confined at hard labor for the period of tic (2) year.*, at such place as thc Command? ing General ina}' direct." ll. The proceedings and findings in the foregoing case of W. TV. Levistei', a citizen of Faiifield District, in tbe State of South Carolina, are approved. The Sentence is confirmed, and will bt carried i .to effect ft Castle Pinckney, Charleston Harbor, S. C., under the direc? tion of thc Commanding Officer thereof, t whom tlu- prisoner will be sent und? r guard. The Quartermaster's Department will furnish the necessary transportation. / By order of / brevet Major-Gen oral A. AMES.