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Wednesday Morning, Nov. 8,1865. Th? Next Congre*?. XYvUi ?ho tuiie ai ibu radical papers at tho North, and from the strenuous efforts now being made by the conservative press in the same section to sustain thc Presi? dent's restoration policy, it is evident that there will bc a strong opposition to the ad? mission of thc members of Congress elect .from thc Southern States. The following i is an Act of Congress, approved 3d March, j 1863: ! lie il enacted by the Senate and House of i Representatives of the Untied Stales of A nu - \ rica, in Congress assembled. That before tho first meeting of tho next Congress, and of ?every subsequent Congress, thc clerk of the sext preceding House of Representatives -shall make a roll of the representatives elect, and place thereon the names of all persons, and of such persons only, whose credentials show that they were regularly elected in accordance with the laws of then States respectively, or the laws of tho United States. Notwithstanding this plain and peremp? tory law, thc clerk of the former House bas avowed his determination to shut the door of Congress on tho representatives from the Southern States. The New York Tribune publishes extracts from this model and modest Clerk. Herc ?s one: "But tho law of the case is plain. It provides-in a resolution bunglingly word? ed, but prepared and passed with direct reference to such a contingency as an ef? fort, by a tricky Clerk, to flood the House with illegitimate members-that the Clerk ?ball make a roll, and place thereon the names of all persons, and of such persons only, whose credentials show that thev were regularly elected in accordance with thc laws of their States respectively, or the laws of the United States." [Statutes at Large, Vol. XII, p- 804. "On this it is clear: ^'First-That no 'law of the United States' authorizes thc election of represen? tatives in any of thc insurrectionary States. "Second-That no 'law of any of tho States' authorizes an election held at the call of a 'Provisional Governor,' and from which largo numbers of legally recognized voters (unsworn rebels) are excluded. "How, then, can any names be placed on the roll as from those States?" We agree with the New York World, that if, "before the first meeting of tho next Congress," the President declares the States which have been in rebellion, or any one of them, to be re-organized, officially proclaims the election of St ate officers, and designates who those officers are, then, if members elect from those States present credentials showing that they have been "regularly elected in accordance with the laws of their States respectively," we cannot see how the Clerk is to refuse to place their names upon his roll. The suggestion of Mr. McPherson, (adopt? ed and endorsed by thc Tribune,) that "no law of any of the States authorizes an elec? tion held at the call of a Provisional Go? vernor, and from which large numbers of legally recognized voters (unsworn rebels) are excluded," is startling, lt goes to thc extent of asserting that Tennessee, for in? stance, is not and cannot be a State in the Union under Mr. Lincoln's and Mr. John? son's plan, because the initial point of re? construction is in the act of a Provisional Governor. If such is to be the accepted the? ory of the dominant party in Congress, it puts an end to all hopo of making, under Mr. Johnson's plan, the Southern States to bo States in thc Union, co-equal with the loyal States, because ali of these States had a basis of re-organization in thc call ol' a Provisional Governor. Much will depend on the result of the election held yesterday in New York. 1^ the Republican party has prevailed, there ?3 little question that its leaders will then instantly turn all their bitterness upon Mr. Johnson's plan of restoration, and demand that the Southern States shall be excluded Irom representation in Congress. Every? thing in thc political atmosphere gives in? dication of this; the continued existence of the Republican organization demands it. Such is the position of affairs just now, AS wo find it stated by many of our North? ern exchanges. On the other hand, we publish the subjoined extract from thc Washington correspondence ol' the Chicago Times. As a general thing, this corres? pondent is unusually accurate in his state? ments, and hence wc reproduce a portion of his remarks upon a very interesting subjoct-one that concerns thc Southern people vitally. Speaking of the admission .of Southern members of Congress to their seats, he says: "lt is true that questions relating lo the admission of Southern members of Con? er >s arc discussed with absorbing interest by the Sootlii-iii people in Washington. I am aware that tho impression prevails elsewhere -perhaps in the West - that the ejected Southern members must comply with certain terms or conditions, more or less degrading, before they can be admit? ted. This, I believe, M a mistake. It is possible, perhaps even probable-, that the oath of 1862 will be required. But that will lie all. Indeed, from what I can learn, there will be much Uss opposition io the admission of the Southern members than has been generally supposed. It has been feared, and with pome reason, that the radical faction, lcd by Sumner and Stevens, would be powerful enough to ex? clude all the Southern members, or as many as they chose. But I am confident that such is "not the cass. The entire in? fluence of the President will bc exerted in favor of thc free admission, at tho opening, of all the members who have boen logally elected; and your readers may bc assured that this influence will be found to be mnch siorc -ctcnt than th?i ~f ihn radicals. When ?he decisive day comes, many upon wkose . otes the radicals now count will bc found ranged on the side of the President." We are inclined to believe that the views outlined above are well founded. When the decisive day arrives, tho radicals will hesitate, and finally recoil from tho adop? tion of revolutionary measures. Again, it is stated that a movement is on foot at Washington to admit Southern members of Congress to their scats, whe? ther they can take thc test oath or not, and it is said the following Senators arc in favor of tho measure : Messrs. Conness, of California ; Fesscn den, of Maine; Crepwoll, of Maryland; Henderson and Brown, of Missouri ; Mor? gan and Harris, of New York ; Sherman, of Ohio ; Cowan, of Pennsylvania ; Colla mer. of Vermont; Willey and Van Winkle, : of West Virginia; Doolittle, of Wisconsin; Patterson, of Tennessee, and Logan, of Virginia. We must still hope and believe that there will bo sufficient conservativo members in both Houses of the next Congress to baffle the schemes of the radicals, and aid tho Administration in carrying out its restora? tion policy. Thc District Court*. As thc organization of these now Courts i is a snbject of great importance, we copy from the Charleston N'eues, an interesting and suggestive article in relation thereto, j which we commend to tho attention of tho I Legislature. Legislature South Carolina. Monday, November 6, 1S65. SENATE. Tho Senate met at 12 m. The Clerk read journal of proceedings of yesterday. Messrs. Thomson, Davant and Skipper presented reports of committees. Mr. J. H. Williams offered a resolution, which was agreed to, that it be referred to a special committee to inquire and report what officers, if any, may be dispensed with, what salaries, fees and perquisites should bc reduced, and what changes and retrenchments it may be advisable to make under the changed condition of our affairs, with leave to report by bill, or otherwise. Mr. Arthur introduced a bill to repeal the Act of the General Assembly, entitled "'An Act for the relief of debtors, and lo prevent the sacrifice of property al public sales," ratified the 21st day of "December. 1861, and to provide for the collection of debts in judgment by instalments; which received the first reading, was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and was ordered to bo printed. Messrs. Tracy, Townsend and Thomson I submitted reports of committees; which I were ordered "for consideration to-morrow. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. I The Clerk caUed tho roll, tho Speaker took the Chair, and thc proceedings were opened with prayer by Rev. Dr. Cunning? ham. Tho S?mate sont to this House resolution in relation to th?; order of business of the General Assembly during the extra session, which was ordered for consideration to? morrow. Mir. Clyburne introduced a resolution, that it bo referred to the Committee of Ways and Means to inquire and report ns to the expediency of exempting all lands and town lots devastated by the public enemy from all, ora portion, of the State taxes, during tho next fiscal year. A bill preliminary to the legislation in? duced by the emancipation of slaves, from the Judiciary Committee, was read. Mr. Dawkins, from the Judiciary Com? mittee, made a report on a resolution as to owners of land permitting persons of color settling thereon. Messrs. Richardson, jr., and Price, sub? mitted reports of committees. Mr. Hatson introduced a resolution, which was agreed to, and was ordered to he sent to the Senate for concurrence, that it be referred to tho select joint committee ( on the petition from the citizens of St. i Helena, to inquire and report whether any I measure can bc devisodby which thc Gene i ral Assembly can procure tho remission of I the 10 per cent, per annum, incurred hy i owners of lands in St. Philip's and St*. Michael's, St. Johns* Colleton, Prince Wil ! liam's, and St. Luke's, for neglecting a j notice, of which very few of them could ; possibly have been informed, and that this resolution bc sent to tho Senate for con? currence. Mr. Landrnm introduced a resolution, which was agreed to, that the Committee ; of Ways and Moans bo instructed to inquire j into and report on tho best manner of pay? ing the tax on land levied on thc people of this State by tho United States Govern? ment. Mr. W. E. Mikel! introduced a resolution, which was agreed to, that whereas manv of the banks of this State are unable to meet their circulation, and that under their j charters the stockholders aro liable to j double the amount of their stock, that it ? be referred to the Judiciary Committee to ? inquir?! whether said liability mav not ho I viewed in tho light of a penalty to check I excessive circulation or reckless banking, , rather than a contract with the note ; bidders, and if so, that thc Committee bc ! instructed to report by bill or otherwise, ! such relief as may bo necessary in cousidcr I at ion of tho extraordinary circumstances I that have rendered their inability to meet their notes. The Speaker announced tho following named gentlemen as the additional stand ing committee of thc House, to be called the Committee on Retrenchment: Messrs. Campbell, Aiken, Black, Hearst, Lord, jr., Hagood, Sparkman, Covington, Duncan. Adjourned. -.-???-> The lot, 100 by 200 feet, corner Fourth Avenue and Twenty-third street, New York, purchased for the new Italian Opera House, cost $144,000. BlesM&ge of Governor Perry. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, South Carolina, November 7, 1865. To the Honorable the Senate and House of JlepresentoJives. GEHTEEKEN: I had tho honor pf receiv? ing from the President of the United States, thc following telegraphic despatch, on the 28th of October last: "7b B. F. Perry, Provisional Governor: "Your last two despatches have been re? ceived and thc pardons suggested have been ordered. * T hope that your Legislature will have no hesitation in adopting the amendment to thc ? Constitution of the United States, abolish? ing slavery. It will set an example, which will, no doubt, be followed by thc other Statos and place South Carolina in a most favorable attitude before thc nation. I trust in God that it will be done. Thc nation and State will then bc left free and untrammelled to take that course which sound policv, wisdom and humanity may suggest. ' "ANDREW JOHNSON, "President U. S." Three days afterwards I received thc fol? lowing telegram from tho President, dated WASHINGTON, October 31, 1865. "7b B. F. Perry, Provisional Governor: "Thero is a deep interest felt as to what course the Legislature will take in regard to tho adoption of the amendment to the Constitution of the United States, abolish? ing slavery, and the assumption of the debt created to aid in thc rebellion against the Government of the United States. If thc action of thc Convention was in good faith, why hesitate in making it a part of the Constitution of the United States? I trust in God that the restoration of the Union will not be defeated, and all that has, so far, been well done, thrown away! I still have faith that all will come out right yet. This opportunity ought to be understood and appreciated by thc people of thc Southern States. If ? know my own heart, and every passion which enters it, is to restore the blessings of the Union and tie up and heal every bleeding wound which has been caused by this frat? ricidal war. Let us bo guided by love and wisdom from on high, and union and peace wUl once more reign throughout thc land. " ANDREW JOHNSON." To these telegraphic despatches, I re? plied that the war debt of South Carolina was very inconsiderable; that our whole State debt, at this time, was only about 6,000,000: that this waa mostly incurred, anterior to the war, in constructing rail I roads and building a new State house, with au old debt of long standing; that wo had assumed no portion of the Confederate debt and wore responsible in no way for it. The expenditures which the State had in? curred up to a certain period had all been settled and refunded by the Confederate States. I stated that South Carolina had abolish? ed slavery in good faith, and never intended or wished to restore it; that thc Legisla? ture was then considering a wise, just and humane system of laws for the government and protection of the freedmen, in all their rights of person and property, and that there was no objection to thc adoption of the proposed amendment to th* Jfcdcral Constitution, except au apprehension that Congress might, under the second section of that amendment, claim tho right to le? gislate for the negro after slavery was abolished. I likewise stated, that no official notice had ever been received, by the Le? gislature, of the proposed amendment to the Constitution of the United States. In reply to this despatch, 1 received, yes? terday, the following telegram from thc Secretary of State, dated "WASHINGTON. November 6, 1865. "To His Excellency B. F. Perry, Provi? sional Governor of South Carolina: "Your despatch to the President, of No? vember -i, has been received. He is not entirely satisfied with tho explanation it contains. He deems necessary the passage of adequate ordinances, declaing that all insurrectionary proceedings in the State unlawful and void ah initia. "Neither the Constitution nor the laws direct official information to tile States of amendments to the Constitution submitted by Congress. Notice of the amendment, by Congress, abolishing slavery, was never? theless sent by the Secretary of State, at the time, to tho States which were then in communication with this Government". Formal notice wiil immediately bc given to these States, which wore then in insurrec? tion. "The objection which you mention, to last clause of the Constitutional amend? ment, is reguardod as querulous and un? reasonable, because that clause is really restraining in its effects, instead of enlarg? ing the power oi Congress. "The Pr?sidant considera the acceptance of the amendment, by South Carolina, as indispensable to a restoration of her re? lations with thc other States of the Union. "WM. H. SEWARD." This formal notice of thc proposed amendment to the Constitution of the United States has not yet been received. When it is, I will communicate the same to you. The amendment may be soon in the Acts of the last Congress, and is in these words: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servi? tude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the limits of thc United States, or ai<y place subject to their j urisdiction. "SEC. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article lo- appropriafe legisla? tion."-Approved Feb. 1, 1865. A few (lavs since, 1 addressed a commu? nication to Mr. Seward, Secretary of Mate, by mail, in which 1 repeated and enlarged oil tho views previously expressed to tho Presidenttin reference to thu objections which were entertained in South Carolina to the proposed Constitutional amend? ment. I am happy to find that the Secre? tary of St;it.: docs "not regard these objec? tions as well founded, but considers thom "querulous and unreasonable." It is true, that a plain, honest construction of the language of tho amendment would bc, that slavery was abolished in tho United States, and that Congress should simply enforce it. When this was done, their legis? lation would be i nded. They could not attempt, under the authority gi vi n by this amendment, to pass laws for the govern? ment of the "freedmen," in then free state. Tlc Attorney-General of the United States and the President have both been understood as concurring in this opinion. It would, therefore, be well, in adopting thc proposed amendment, to place on ru cord tho construction which had been giren to it bv tho Executive "Department ! of the Federal Government. It is manifest, from tho earnest, eloquent ? bnd patriotic terms in which the President ; has urged the adoption of this amend- i mont, that he regards, as he says, "all i timi eoutn caranna has none-ana so well I done-as thrown awav, unless the amend- i ment is accepted by tho Legislatiure. Tho !, Secretary of State is still more explicit in I his language. He says "the President considers the acceptance of thc amendment j hy South Carolina as indispensable to a | .restoration of her relations wijh the other States of the Union." The reason why this exaction is made of the Southern States, after they have abolished slavery, is that they might otherwise, at som?; future day, change their Constitutions and restoro slavery, in defiance of tho Federal Govern? ment. You, gentlemen, have, at this time, tho destiny of tho State in your hands, and I feel assured that you will act calmly and dispassionately, with the view to the peace, happiness and well-being of ??outh Ct-rwlii?a. I addressed a communication to the .Secretary of the Treastiry, at Washington, a few days since, urging that, in case tho I Legislature should assume the payment I of that portion of the direct tax for which South Carolina is liable,that the Federal Government should receive her bonds for | thc same, or suspend tho collection of the I tax for the present year. I would advise ' thc immediate assumption, by thc State, of her portion of the direct tax, which is about $3G6,000. This will relievo tho people ! from the immediate payment of it to the 1 Federal Tax Collectors, and enable the State to make some arrangements in refer? ence to it with the Treasury Department or Congress. In mv communication to tho Secretary of State, ? urged the propriety of withdrawing tho colored troops from thc interior of tho j State to the forts or sea-coast, and re- j quested that white troops might, for the present, be retained in Charleston, George? town and Beaufort. I have forwarded tho resolutions you sent me thc other day, in reference to the school house in Charleston, to Gt n. How? ard, and asked that they should be restored to thu proper authorities. I made the same request in regard to the Militarv Hall in Charleston. 13. F. PERKY. * COMMERCIAL. ATLANTA, November 2.-Tho cotton mar? ket yesterday was quiet We hoard of but a few transactions, at prices ranging from 36 to 42c. There was not much disposition on the part of holders to sell, and buyers were not eager, the day passing awav quietly, with a market not at all animated. The money market remains quiet. There was some demand for gold and silver, and we heard of a few transactions at the fol? lowing figures: Gold-buying, 50; selling, 52. Silver-buying, 45; selling, 50. There are no changes to note in bank bills, bnt a fair demand for them continues. AvorsTA, November 3.-Cotton in Au? gusta is thus reported by the Chronicle. The market is dull; buyers demand a con? cession, which holders aro unwilling to concede, and in consequence tho transac? tions for the last three days of the week wore limited. The scarcity of funds and the low stage of tho rivet- also depresses the marked. Stock on hand in warehouses, as counted for us yesterday, is 24,788; out? side, about 1,000; total, 25,788. Gold was scarce and in good demand, buying at 52 and selling at 54; silver buying at 45; sell? ing at 50. ^ WANTED TO PURCHASE, FOR a reasonable amount, a BUILDING LOT, situate on Main street, between Lady and Blanding streets. Inquire at this office. ??ov 8 TAKEN UP, ON Sunday last, a large HORSE MULE, which the owner will please _.come forward, provo property and take awav. J. T. TARRER. Nov 8 ' 1 SALT! 1.000 ?S"SALT F" THADDEUS STREET, Nov 8 East Bay, Charleston. LIVERPOOL SALT AND SAILS. FOR sale bv HANAHAN k. WARLEY. Nov 8 " 1 New Goods ! IH AVK just received a new assortment of DRESS GOODS, DELAINES, BREAK I FAST SHAWLS, BALMORAL SKIRTS, Ac. ALSO. ! 50 bbls. FLOUR. 3 tierces HAMS and a variety of other ' articles; all of which will be sold" at CON I SIDERABLY REDUCED RATES. ! Nov 8 ;\_JAS, (i. GIBBES. WA NTED, Stocks! Bonds! i SAVANNAH CITY BONDS. Memphis and Charleston Railroad. Trader s Bank, Richmond, Va. ! Virginia Central Railroad, j All kinds of Coupons and Bonds pur? chased. Apply to F. H. LAFON, who can be found at Jacob Levin's Auction and Commission Store, or at_Mrs. .Fas. Rawls', ! cerner t'anulen and Marion streets, i Nov 8 _ 4 I South Carolina-Richland District. IJURSUANT to resolutions of tho Gene? ral Assembly,an ELECTION will ho I held in this District, on WEDNESDAY, 22d : instant, for ono REPRESENTATIVE in the Congress of tho United States. Polls will bo opened at tho different election pre? cincts, and the election conducted hi all respects as for members of the General Assembly. J. C. .TANN EY, I Nov 8 Chairman Board of Managers. Local Items. OYSTERS.-Wc arc indebted to the res uarant of Messrs. Bcraghi & Wilson, on Rekens Street, for a mens of line Charles on oysters. Tuc .IIAJVU esi&oUatiineiii. is dmndantly supplied with oysters, game, cc. ' ~~ _ COMMANDANT OF THE POST.-We under tand that Lieut. Col. N. Haughton, the briner efficient Commandant of this Post, ias returned to the city to resume the lutics of that position. HANDSOME PERIDICAL. -We aro indebted o Messrs. Townsend & North, for a copy if a new and elegantly printed periodical, mtitlcd the Musical Host, published by b W. Fortune, New York. Besides a quantity of literary matter, each number :ontans several pieces of new music. Published at $5 per annum. Wo haye also received from Messrs. T. A N. Grier's Southern Almanac for 18(16. COMMENDABLE.-We understand that a family of several ladies residing in this sity, have been supported for some months jv their servants, formerly their slaves . rho ladies were formerly wealthy, but lost everything by the war, and now these servants take this commendable way of showing their affection and veneration for their late owners. It io stated that these ladies never knew what they were to have on thoir table, but that through the care and attention of these servants they have never suffered. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call? ed to the following advertisements, which are published for the lirst time this morn? ing: J. T. Tarrer- Mule Taken Up. M. Wins tock-New Goods. Thaddeus Street-Salt. James G. Cribbes-New Goods. " " -Furniture. Ac. Hanahan & Warley-Salt and Nails. H. N. McGowan, with Calnan ?V Kreuder. F. H. Lafon-Stocks and Bonds Wanted. Calnan & Kreuder-New York Apples. " " -Irish Potatoes. " " -Lemons. " " -Groceries, Liquors. '* " -Onions. " " -Goshen Butter. " " -Goshen Cheese. J. C. Janncy-Election Notice. Chisohn Brothers-Com. Merchants. Apply at this Office-Building Lot. Mr. HENEY N. McGOWAN desires to inform his many friends and acquaintances in this city and thc adjoining country, that ho has engaged his services with Messrs CALNAN & KREUDER, wholesale and retail grocers, on Gervais street, opposi e State House, where he would be pleased to bc called on by them and supply their wants in the grocery linc from an ample and select stock. Nov 8 3 If WI APPLES. ALL SOUND. At CALNAN & KREUDER'S, Gervais street, opposite State House. Nov 8 3 Irish Potatoes! AT CALNAN & KREUDER'S. Nov 8_ 3 LEMONS ! AT CALNAN A KREUDER'S. Nov 3 3 Everything Yon Want in the GROCERY IEE, LIQUORS, M., IS to he found at Nov 8 3 CALNAN A KREUDER'S. ONIONS! AT CALNAN A KREUDER'S. Nov 8_3 SWEET GOSHEN BETTER ! AT CALNAN & KREUDER'S. Nov 8 3 Goshen Cheese! 4 T CALNAN & KREUDER'S J\. Nov 8 ? New Goods ! M. WINSTOCK INFORMS city and country dealers that ho hasju8t opened at his establishment, over J. G. Gibbes', near the Court House, a large and handsome stock of DRY GOODS, FANCY ARTICLES, ROOTS, SHOES, HATS, etc., Which he oilers at wholesale at prices as ?ow, or lower, than they can be bought for n Charleston or elsewhere - barely adding jost of transportation. Nov 8 Imo ??.('aniden, Abbeville. Anderson. Green? ville and Newberry papers copy three tim? s md forward bills. Law O?X*C3L [IIAYE resumed tho PRACTICE OF LAW. Office at Greenville. Nov 5 WADDY THOMPSON.