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DAILY Daily Paper $10 a Year. "Let our Just Censure PHONIX. Attend the True Event. Tri-Weekly $7 a Year BY J. A. SELBY COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 13, 1865. VOL. I-XO. 220. THE PHOENIX, rCBLISIIED DAILY AND TKI-WEEKLY, BY JULIAN A. SELBY. STATE T B I N T E R. TER.VS-J y A D VA NCR ST7BSCRIPTI02?. Dai'v Paper, sis months.?? 00 Tri-Weeklr, ': " .3 50 ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted at il per square for the iirst in? sertion, and 75 cents for each subsequent. a?~ Special notices 15 cents a line. Counting Howse Calendar for 1SOG. DopiytnicHt. Reports. On Saturday we published thc Pre? sident's message, and to-day wc give the substance of the most interesting department reports: REPOHT OF THE SECRETARY OF WAK. Mr. Stanton reports that the mili? tary operations by the last Congress amounted to the sum of $516,240,131. The military estimates for the next fiscal year amount to $38,814,561.83. The national military force on the 1st of May. 18(35, numbered 1,000/516 men. It is proposed to reduce the militaiy establishment to 50,000 troops, and over SOO, OOO have already been mustered out of service. The cause of this great reduction i ?. of course, the end of the rebellion, : nd the return of the States arrayed against the Union to the national authority. The Secretary gives an extended review of the militaiy ope? rations of the past, two years' cam? paigns, in every department. On the 1st of May, 1SG4, the aggregate na? tional force was 070,710 men; but the effective force is put down at 662,345. The Commissioner-General of Pri? soners reports that, between the 1st of January and the 20th of October, there were, in our custody, 98,802 prisoners-of-war. Of these. 1,055 enlisted into the United States ser? vice, P?3,442 were released after the cessation of hostilities, and 33,127 were deli vertid in exchange. Besides theso, 174,223 prisoners surrendered in the different rebel armies, and were released on parole, viz: Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Gen. ll. E. Lee, 27,305; army of Ten? nessee and others, commanded by Gen. J. E. Johnston, 31,243; Gen. Jeff. Thompson's army of Missouri, 7,1*78; miscellaneous paroles, depart? ment of Virginia, 9,072; paroled at Cumberland, Maryland, and other stations, 9,377; paroled by Gen. McCook, in Alabama and Florida, 6,428; army of the department of Alabama, Lieut. Gen. H. Taylor, 42,293; army of thc Trans-Mississippi department, Gen. E. K. Smith, 17, bstJ; paroled in the department of Washington, 3,390; paroled in Vir? ginia, Tennessee, Georgia. Alabama, Louisiana, and Texas, 13,022; sur? rendered at Nashville and Chattanoo go, Tennessee, 5,02'.); total, 174,223. Looking to the causes that have accomplished the national deliver? ance, says thc Secretary in conclu? sion, there seems no room henceforth to doubt the stability of the Federal Union. These causes are permanent, and ninst always have an active exist? ence. The majesty of national power has been exhibited in the courage and faith of our citizens, and the ignominy of rebellion is witnessed by the hopeless end of the great re? bellion. REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF CHE TREASURY. This report will be read with an in? terest perhaps unequalled since the days of "William Duane, Nicholas Biddle, and tile United States Bank. Seldom lins an executive document been looked for with more anxiety. We subjoin but a brief synopsis, de? ferring a more ample abstract: The Secretary discusses the three questions of thc currency, the x>ublic debt and the revenue. He goes into a full exposition of the objections to United States notes as a permanent currency, the chief of which he states to be the fact that the Govern? ment of the United States is one of limited and defined powers, and that I tho authority to issue notes as money j is neither expressly r?iven to Congress i by the Constitution, nor fairly to be inferred except as a measure of ne? cessity in a great national emergency. He holds it to be the ' 'crowning glory of the Constitution that this great war has been waged and closed with? out the power of the Government being enlarged or its relations to thc States being changed." The Secretary, after very ablj meeting the various objections to a reduction of the currency, recom mends : First. That Congress declare thal the compound interest notes shal cease to bc a legal tender from tin day of their maturity. Second. That the Secretary be au thorized, in his discretion, to sel bon'"..; of the United States bearing interest at a rate not exceeding si: per cent, and redeemable and payabL at such periods as may be conducivi to the interests of the Government for the purpose of retiring not onl; compound interest notes, but th United States notes. In reference to the debt, the Sec rotary believes that, if kept at home it need not be oj)pressive, but that i is still a national burden, and th work of removing it should not b long postponed. Tho Secretary socs no way of rc moving it but by an increase of th national income over the expend tures. It should be our ambitio not to bequeath it to our desce?e ants. The first step should be to fun the maturing obligations. The ne? should be to provide for raising, i the least odious manner, the revenu necessary to pay the interest and certain definite annual amount f< tlie payment of the principal. M McCulloch hopes that Congress wi be decided and emphatic on tb point. Tho debt on tho 31st of Oetob was $2,808,519,137.55; deductir moneys in the Treasury it was $2,74C 851,750. He estimates it on Julv 1806, at $3,000,000,000. The an?u interest, if funded at five aud a li; per cent., would be $105,000,000, l> if funded at five per cent., it AVOU be $150,000,000. If $200,000,000 per annum shou bo applied to pay accruing intere: and to reduce the principal funded the higher rate of five per cent., t debt would be paid in thirty-ti years, or ut five and a-half per con in a little over twenty-eight years. Tile Secretary believes that no A of Congress would be more popul than one which should provide 1 such an extinguishment of the del Upon tho subject of internal re-? nue, tho report recommends: First. That the collection of t Internal Revenue Taxes, which ; crned before the establishment revenue offices in the States recen in rebellion, be indefinitely po poned. Se cond. That all sales of prope: in those States, under Lue. Direct 1 Law, be suspended until the Sta shall have an opportunity of assn ing (as was done by the loyal Stat the payment ol' the tax assessed UT them. Third. That all transactions in si States, which may be invalid by non-use of skimps, be legalized as as it is in the power of Congress localize them. Tiie Secretary regards the natio banking system as one of the great compensations of the war, and gives some interesting statistics about its operations. REPORT OF THE COMPTBOIiLER OF THE CURRENCY. The report of Hon. Freeman H. Clarke, Comptroller of the Currency, gives ?a clear statement of the condi? tion of the nuances, and recommends important changes in our financial sys? tem. The Comptroller urges a return to a specie, basis, and suggests, as the most available method of attaining it, the funding and consequent retire? ment of a portion of the inactive cir? culation shown to be now held in reserve. By a gold valuation of our imports and exports, it is estimated that a balance has accrued against this country during the four years previous to the 30th of June last of 8308,000,000. As a remedy for this, th? Comptroller recommends an in? crease of the rate of duties just in proportion as the price of gold and foreign exchange may recede, to be followed by the graduated reduction of such increase, say ten per cent., at the expiration of each six months, until brought down to the original rate. In the meantime, by a steady reduction of the volume of redeem? able currency and consequent reduc? tion of prices, we would be able once more to place our manufactured and agricultural productions on a footing that would enable them to enter into successful competition with those ol other nations in the markets of thc world. As the first step to be taken towardt a reduction of the Government issue? used as currency, tho conversion o? all the interest-beariug leg:d tendei notes into five-twenty six per cent, bonds, is urged. It is also suggestec that the national currency Act be s( amended as to allow- an increase o the limit to 0400, (t??, 000, on conditioi only that all the banks be required t< redeem their notes in New York Boston or Philadelphia, and also th a au issue of six per cent, five-twenty bonds be authorized to thc amoun that it wir require to secure the ad ditional circulation under the pro visions of the Act, which bonds, th banks, when organized, shall pul chase, as each may require, of tb Secretary of the Treasury, at sucl fair rates as lie may from time to tim prescribe, but not less than their pa value, and pay for the same in th United States legal tender notes, an all notes so received shall be cancel ed and destroyed. The tariff, it is suggested, can be s adjusted as to produce Sl20,000,00( of which 8100,000,000 should b raised on whiskey, malt liquors an wines. It is estimated that the cotto crop of next year will amount t between 2,500,000 and 3,000,000 c bales, on which might be levied a ta of eight cents per pound, whie would realize $180,000,000, more tba sufficient to pay the interest on tl: publie debt after the entire amoui is funded. The license and stani duties, is is thought, could be di pensed with after the next fiscal yea BEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF TI INTERNAL REVENUE. The Commissi oner remarks h recent accession to the post and co , sequent brief time in which to pi pare his views, mid offers son general considerations of interest ai importance. The amount of rovem raised in one year, up to 30th Ju: j last, was equal to all the revenues the United States from the found ! tion of the Government np to IK] j and yet 1,000,000 of men were wit ! drawn fr. productive labor, and t marine was relatively idle. The ii lowing are sonn; of the aggregate Receipts for 18G3, $41,003,192.i receipts for 1S<".4, $116,850,672.] j receipts for 1805, $129,529,017. The. tax on distilled spirits has be i a failure in a great degree, but fri causes believed to have been < viated. The cost of collecting the rever is estimated to have been three a a half per centum of receipts up the present year, a sum much bel the cost of British revenue, as sho by a citation introduced into 1 report. This will surprise many. Tho per centum of the lust fiscal year is estimated at two and three-fourths. Thc current fiscal rear, ending June 30, lc'fiO, the cost will be greater, owing to the sparsely inhabited and unsettled condition of the South. The current fiscal year is expected to bring $272,000,000 revenue. Thc Commissioner recommends that tho power to appoint Assistant Assessors, now, in the opinion of the Attorney-General, in the President only, be lodged in the Secretary of the Treasury by law. He recommends that the appeal system be abolished, as useless and generally neglected by parties inte? rested. The penalties are so various in the existing law that it is recommended that, by proper amendment, they may be simplified. Tho franking privilege is proposed for Assessors and Collectors. Section 46, Act June 30, 1864, is believed to require the very careful attention of Congress. This section relates to collection of taxes in insur? rectionary districts, and attention is called to the mischief which will arise from the fact that, for nearly three years, all instruments of writing in the South, on which hang immense monetary interests, are invalid for want of stamps, as enjoined in schedule B of the revenue Act, unless Congress, in some appropriate manner, relieves the matter. Section 150, of the Act of 30th June, 1864, ?would seem to indicate a purpose ai one time of, in some way, collecting the duties on successions in the in? surrectionary districts, through thc direct tax commissioners. Howevei that may be, there is now certainly no necessity for the motion, and thc Commissioner recommends its repeal He also recommends important mo difications of the law regulating stamps. But for inconvenience ii thinly peopled districts, he woulc suggest the substitution of stampec paper for adhesive stamps. He think the public have become sufficient! familiar with tho novelty to be heh more severely accountable for infrac tion of the law, and suggests mor stringent remedies. Important analysis are given am recommendations offered respectin; the operation of the revenue an direct tax laws in the Southern State.? An increase in the clerical force and in their compensation, is earnesl ty recommended. - - ...- - Mr. Warren Dc La Rue, king < astronomical photographers, hi taken a photograph of the lum eclipse of the 4th inst. The atmoi phere having been clear, the image excellent, and affords another pro< of the important advantage now ope to observers who make use of photi grapliy. When it is understood th an instantaneous image of a phen> men on can be taken, it will be sec that by no other means could tl various movements to which our sate lite is snbject be so well observed an recorded as by photography. By n sociating tins new image? with one a former eclipse, Mr. Pe La line o tains a stereoscopic effect difficult desaribe, but singularly remarkab] To a pract ised eye, the bulging hemi phere of the moon appears ainu transparent, comparable to a lui glass shade covering a fiat surface. DKATIIOF A VENERABLE CITIZEN. It is our melancholy office to chronh thc decease of the venerable Hen A. DeSaussnre, one of the nu esteemed and venerated of our ci zens. He died, on Saturday afterno last, after a short illness, at the ri agc of about seventy-six years. ] was tlie eldest son of* thc late Chane lor Henry W. DeSaussnre, and native of this city, in which passed his long life of usefulness a honor. By profession a lawyer, was ranked among the eminent of 1 legal fraternity, and enjoyed an tensive and lucrative; practice, ai by reason of his seniority and h standing, bo was long regarded ? reverenced us the patriarch e>f Charleston Bar.-Charleston Cow On thc evening of November 21, a carpet bag was stolen from Albert Pike, at the depot of the Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad, in the former city. It contained all the original treaties made by the Con? federates with the different Indian tribes, and a number of Masonic documents, the former being of great importance to the Government. Secretary Stanton has ordered Gen. Terry to make all diligent search for the stolen documents. BOOT?, SHOES. K THE subscribers have^ fVl just received, hy late ar Mrivals from the most cele? brated manufacturers in Phi- _ ladelphia, a largo and well selected stock of Ladies', Misses' and Children s BOOTS, SHOES and GAITERS, Of tho latest and most fashionable styles. We are prepared, as usual, to manufac? ture Ladies' and Gentlemen's work in the most durable manner and at the shortest notice; and from our large experience in business in this city, we can warrant satis? faction. THOMAS FLANIGAN A CG Dec 9_ NOTICE. UNTIL FURTHER O X?. 3=> 33 H fit , THE SUBSCRIBER'S WILL BE AT THE STORE OF C. S. JENKINS, ASSEMBLY STREET, NEXT MARKET* SANTA GLAUS. Dec 9_Imo To Heut, AWELL-SLT FLED PLANTATION, con? sisting of about 1,500 acres of Land SDI) of which arc cleared, and thc remain? der well timbered. On the said plantation arc a Saw Mill, Grist Mill and Gin, pro? pelled by water power. Situated in the fork of tue Con<,raree and Wateroe Rivers, on the South Carolina Railroad, about ono mile from Kingsville and a mile and a half from Gadsden. Location healthy and all the buildings in good condition, capable of accommodating between fifty and seventy five laborers. On the premises, also, is"a Kood Overseer's Iloase. Thc said property can bc rented on shares with owners, or the whole, if desired. Apply to _Dec_7_?*_H ANAHAN A WARLEY. BOOTS, SHOES AND LEATHER. THE subscribers have just received general assortment of BOOTS and LSHOES, consisting of : Gent's Single and Double-soled BOOTS, (Philadelphia make,) Balmorals, Gaiters, Bootees, Bro? gans, Ac. Also, a tine lot of the very best Baltimore Oak Sole LEATHER. Wc will, as usual, make to order all variet'es of Boots and Shoes, of the best material and workmanship, for cash only-a rule from which there will bc no exception. J. A A. OLIVER, Sumter st., between Richland and Laurel Dec 7 _Imo* BG UN SMIT H ! N G. PETER W. KRAFT would ^spectrally inform his old friends and customers thct *'*\ whe has resumed bis old busi? ness of a GUNSMITH, and will promptly attend to all orders. Dc;- 7 12S| KEROSENE LAMPS, &C OPENED THIS DAV. a new and beauti? ful assortment cf KEROSENE LAMPS, for Stores, Parlors, Hall.- und Chamo? rs. KEROSENE oil., WICKS. CHIMNIES, SHADES, ?1 c. W. B. STANLEY, Dec -? t onier Plain and Gates sts. DELICACIES! ?ELIC?cTiS! Frene and Italian Confectionary. ~t f\f\f\ POUNDS of the purest and I.UUU finest nnalitv LADIES' ICE CREAMS, ICE CREAM DROPS, JELLY CAKES, Jelly Drops. Liquid Drops, Italian Almonds, french Almonds, Marshmallow Paste, Iloyal Cream Drops, Chocolate ('ream, (tine,) French Burnt Almonds, Cordial Drops, Fruit Drops, Fruit Paste, Cream Jelly Paste, Sherbert t'ream Drops. At E.'POLLARD'S Variety Store, On Main street, a few doors above Be? dells corner. Dec 2 IC Spectacles and Eye Glasses, i DM!KALLY adapted to any agc. ^'V At E. POLLARD'S, (>n Main street, a few doors above Be .h W's corner. Dec 2 ti?