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Daily Paper $10 a Year. 'Let our Jost Censare Tri-Weekly $7 a Year BY J. A. SELBY. YOL. I-NO. "228. THE PHONIX, PUBLISHED DAILT ARD TBI-WHEKLY, BY JULIAN A. SELBY. STATE PRINTER. TERMS-IN'AD VANCE. SCBSCIUPTIOX. Daily Paper, six months.$5 00 Tri-Weekly, " " ....3 50 ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted at SI per square for the first in? sertion, and 75 cents for each subsequent. t?a~ Special notices 15 cents a linc. Immigration and. Steam Culture. "We subjoin an interesting extract from the London correspondence of the Richmond Times. That paper says the writer is a Virginia gentle? man of distinguished talent and ex? cellent judgment, and that what he says upon the above subjects should be read by all : Immigration, and the use of steam in the tillage of her lands, will soon start the "Old Dominion" on her march again. These two subjects twin subjects let them be called should receive not only the serious attention of the people, but of the Legislature of the State. Should Virginia step forward this winter with anything like a liberal proposition on the subject of immigration, she will receive from England, Scotland and "Wales, numbers of people, and of a class superior to that which has here? tofore reached the shores of America from this country. It will be found when the effort is made, as I hope and trust it will be, and made at once-that the present enormous price of food, growing out of the cattle plague and other causes, and the very small wages paid to the agricultural laborer of this kingdom, -will be thc most efficient of "Emi? grant aid societies." The want of this class of labor is a grievous one with you-you are starving, so to speak, for the grain which here rots in the field Will your authorities enter and reap? Political economists here look to emigration as the chief means of improving the condition of the farm laborer; the government and the people will encourage it, and the laborer himself seems willing enough to make the venture. Let your planters combine and contribute to start the matter; the cost would be insignificant when the ultimate advantages to be gained are consider? ed, and above all, let the State Le? gislature empower the governor to appointa commissioner of emigration here, and appropriate money to give "assisted passages" (that is, pay a portion of the passage money,) to emigrants of the classes most desired. Now as to steam culture. Do not think this an untried scheme, or one impracticable for your lands. Steam is every day employed in England in the cultivation oi lauds just as rolling as the uplands around Richmond. One steam plough, managed by three men and two boys, does more work in a day than ten men, with ten Vir? ginia ploughs and thirty horses or mules can do; and when the work is done it is better done, the land is more improved by the cultivation and thc yield per ncre greatly increased. The cost of tillage, when tho. keep of animals is taken into account, is about one-half of the cost of horse power, and the number of horses on a farm can be reduced by this use of steam more than one-half. Your correspondent kas given this subject much attention, and he is satisfied, in view of the scarcity not only of men who will work, but of animals in Virginia, that steam tillage can be made a most valuable agent in rcstorim; her to prosperity. The im? plements, by proper arrangements, can be obtained on most favorable terms of credit. A Washington gentleman has ju~.t ordered a steam plough from Mor.srs. Fowler & Co., to be used on a farm which he has rented in Virginia. The farmers in England club to? gether, buy these implements and cultivate, the farms of each member of the club upon payment of an agreed price per aere. Ry the fund thus raised, the machinery is soon paid for, and in "many cases handsome dividends are being returned to the members of the club. The engines that draw the ploughs do not go upon the lands to be cultivated. They are either stationed in a corner of the field or move along the headlands. The best of them are locomotives, move along an ordinary road about three miles to the hour, dud not only carry all of their implements with them, but are very useful for traction purposes, and are capable of drawing immense loads after them. They easily ascend a prado as great as one foot in six. * Besides, the engines which do the cultivating are, when not so used, not only available for hauling, but for driving threshing machines, saw and grist mills, <tc. The plough is more easily guided than the horse plough, and can bo stopped as quickly. Thus obstacles, such as trees, stumps, stones, &c, are readily avoided; but if the plough happens to strike one no harm is done, as the rope, by a simple con? trivance, flies off the drum. Then, thc horse never gets tired, and the ground is never too "hard for this plough, so that by relays of men, and a "head light" on the plough, it could be kept running the whole twenty-four hours, and the long dry seasons in summer and fall, which stop the following with you now, woidd have no such effect with it. The State Department has been officially advised of the ratification of the anti-slavery amendment by thc Legislature, of Georgia and Alabama. NEW YORK, December 16.-Cotton dull-middbng 49. Flour firm and unchanged. Wheat and corn quiet and unchanged. Pork firm. Lime ! Lime ! 7BBLS. LIME, for building purposes, for sale LOW bv SKELTON, "CALVO A WALSH, Dec 21J2_ _Bull Jdreet._ Pretty and Attractive. FANCY BOXES AND FIRE-WORKS MB. MCKENZIE han just opened a handsome assortment of FANCY BOXES, ?nd ?Iso a fresh stock of FIRE? WORKS. Call and ?ee them. Dec 19 LIGHT ! LIGHT ! LIGHT ! CHEAPEST AND SAFEST POETABLE UOHT NO W IN USE ! Burns five hours at Cost of one Cent! Lig-ro-ine Fluid and Safety Lamp. IN uso at all the principal Hotels and Ferries in the United States, on account of its clcanlinoqp and economy. DIRECTIONS rou ITS USE. Fill the Lamp, then pour off all that will . run out, and turn the Lamp bottum np, to ? drain; thou screw the top in, and trim the wick nearly doss' to the tube. If the flame smokes, the wick is too high. The Lamp is lined inside with a prepared ;naterial to absorb sufficient Lig-ro-ine to burn fron? three toeightcon hours, accord? ing to the size and purpose of the Lamp, The object of pouring out tho surplus fluid is to economize it to the greatest possible extent, and to prevent spilling hi the most careless hand. No. 1 Safety Lamp- For Hotels and Boarding Houses. No. 2 Safety Lamp-For family uso. No. 3 Safety hamp-For. general use, with one, two or three burners; lined to burn from 'J to 27 hours. Havinf? secured the right for the sale of these Lamp* for this District from the ?rincipal agents in Charleston, Messrs. G. )avis A Co., we will bo al way H prepared to fill all orders. Tho public are invited to call and examine these Lamps. SHELTON, CALVO <t WALSH, Solo agents for Richland District. Dec 21 1.000 ?a"1 choUc (?00 lbs. Sugar-cured HAMS. Just re? ceived, and the last lot that I shall keep, to be closed ont at 33 cents per pound by the piece. Consumers had better provide for tho winter. At POLLARD'S, On Main street, centre of the old Dec 17 fJ* Brick Range. Columbia Male School. THE undersigned announces to his patrons ?nd th? p-iblic (pthat-the exercises of his School, "for the first session of lSGfi, will commence on the first TUES? DAY in January. Pupils will be instructed in the course of study prepara? tory to entering tho University of South Carolina, or prepared for admission into the Freshman and the Sophomore Class of any College. Special attention will bconaid to imparting a practical knowledge of the departments of a good English education. The School-house for t lie approaching ses? sion will be thc Sunday School Room of the Marion Street Methodist Church. Only a limited number of scholars will be admit? ted. Rate of tuition per session of (ive months, ?20, payable by half sessions. For further information, apply to Dec 20 wfw3? F. W. PAPE, Principal. BOOK - KEI?MIS? By Single and Double Entry. A LIMITED number of young .men, understanding the general _[principles of arithmetic, and de? siring to acquire a nractical and an accu? rate knowledge of" BOOK-KEEPING by Single and Double Entry, including the department of Commercial Arithmetic, will be received as a class, and instructed after school hours. Tho recitations, each of two hours' duration, will embrace a thorough exposition of the principles of thc art, and the application of these prin? ciples in appropriate sets of books, which every member of the class will bc required to keep. Rate of tuition for each scholar, $20 a term of fifty recitations, during which time an industrious and intelligent student can prepare himself to take charge of a set of books in a eounting-house. For place and hours of instruction, apnlv to the undersigned. F. W. PAPE. Dec 20_ wthw3* Columbia Male Academy. H. S. THOMPSON, Instructor in Mathe? matics, French and Eaglish Branches. RICHARD FORD, Instructor in the Latin and Greek Classics. THE exercises of thia Acade? my will be resumed on the 8th ^.of January next. Pupils will t'bo prepared for admission into ' any university or ?college. The. colirio of study will include a new and improved system of Book-keep? ing, and special advantages will be afforded such students as may desire to fit them? selves for mercantile life. The scholastic year will be divided into three terms of four months each. Tuition at the rate of seventy-five ($75) dollars per year for the Classics and French, and sixty "($k>0) dollars for the English Brancnes, payable at the beginning of each "term. Pupils who enter for less than a whole term, will bc charged at the above rates. Dec 20__ Imo* New Store. THE undersigned begs leave to inform his friends, and the public in general, thathe has opened a FHUIT AND GANDY STOftE, On Assembly street, next door to the old Bation House, and is now ready to supply old and young with CANDIES, FRUITS, TOYS, FIRE-WORKS, Ac, of which ho has a good selection. Come one. come all, and give him a call, before the best things are picked out. CHAS. BRILL. Dec UTH_ CHEESE ! 1 A BOXES verv simcrior GOSHEN AAJ CHEESE, at 30 cents per pound. At POLLARD'S, on rvfain ?street, Dec 17 +3* Centre of old Brick Range. NOTICE! JUST received, 500 pices of BONNET RIBBON. Also, a large assortment of VELVET RIBBONS -allnumbers-and the largest stock of latest, style LADIES' HATS in this city, which we offer at very reduced prices. We also offer a largo stock of DRESS GOODS, of ail descriptions, and All-wool BALMORAL SKIRTS, at NEW YORK PRICES. ABELES, MYERS A CO., Dec 16 C Bronson's Old Stand. Stolen, FROM my premises, on Friday night, six miles from Columbia, _,tw? MULES-one a large iron gray horse mule, sixteen hands high. ei?ht years old, shod all round, mane and tail trimmed; thc other a black marc mule, sixteen bands high, ?-hod all round, with a scar on one hind leg. A reward of $50 will bo paid for their return and the detection of the thief. J. D. FROST. Dee 17 _g Cotton Seed ?\?\i \ BUSHELS choice COTTON ' SEED for salei Apply to the undersigned, at Marion ('. H., S. C. Dec 14 f?* W. W. 1) CR ANT. AND HACK LINE TO WASHINGTON, SA, ?0> HAVINO taken charge of the above HOTEL, and having thoroughly re? fitted and refurnished it, I pledg? myself, after many years' exp?rience- in thu busi? ness, to furnish my guests with clean, com? fortable rooms, and a table supplied at all times with the very best the markets afford. I am determined to spare no pains to please my natrons. Sly HACKS from Abbeville to Washing? ton, Ga., will make daily connection with this House, affording to persons goiug West and East a safe, comfortable and ex- ! peditious means of convevanco. Persons desiring to go from Abbeville to ! any point of tho country not accessible by | public conveyance, can find at my LIVERY ? STABLES, for hire. Carriages, Billies and Saddle Horses. P. S. RUTLEDGE. j Abbeville C. H., December 12, 18<o. Dec 21 _ lmo_ ' McMaster's Hotel, ! WINNSBORO, S. C. ' j MTHIS old and favorably known i HOUSE is still kept by the widow of ? John McMaster, Esq.,"deceased. Thc patronage of old friends and of thc public is solicited._ Doc 12 tu4 j If you Want a Comfortable and Con- j venient Residence for your Family, I RENT THE LATTA DOUSE ! ! THE above is located near the Char- j -lotte Railroad Depot. Tho building ia i divided into nine comfortable rooms, with ? a piazza on all wides, and every con ve- ! nience in the house a family could desire. ! On the premises ar? fine out-buildings, : such as Kitchens, Servants' Booma, Sta- ; bles, Carriage House, Ac. The ground attached consists of S4 acres LAND, suitable for pasture and growing of all kinds of grain; fin? Vegetable Carden, Orchard, Ac. For terms, applv at the Auction Room of Messrs. LEVIN Av PEINOTTO, corner of Assembly and Plain streets. Dec 14 FROM Columbia to Charleston. THE NEW and FIRST-CLASS LIGHT DRAFT STEAMER GEORGE is now ' ?irepared to make engagements to take freight from Granby Landing to Charles- j ton. All goods forwarded by this line will 1 be insured, if desired. Also, forwarded to New Wirk, and advances made upon thu same, if required. Dec 14 Imo A. L. SOLOMON. Agent. ?ar Thc Abbeville Manner, Newberry; Herald, Anderson Intelligences and Chester \ Standard will publish tho above for two weeks, and send billi? to this office. Just Received from New York AND FOR SALE AT L. C. ? L A B K E ' S,1 WA SUI NG 7 v f.. Z i : E E r, A LARGE and fashionable assortment of J\_ ORNAMENTS and TRIMMINGS for Ladies'Dresses and Cloaks, consisting of Bugles, Butterflies, Drops. Fancy Cords and buttons, of every description and size; Breakfast Shawls, Central Park Hoods, In? fant's Socks, Ladies' Fancy Neck-Ties, Ladies'Taney Neck-Ties, with fringe, Dress Elevators, Belt Buckles and Clasps, Silk . and Leather Belts, Belting Ribbons of all colors and widths, Velvet Ribbon of all I widths, Ladies' Scarfs, Collars and Cuffs, Traveling Bags, Ladies' Embroidered ; Handkerchiefs, Ladies' L. C. Randk r- j chiefs, Genfs L. 0. Handkerchiefs, Gent's ; Silk Handkerchiefs Ladies' (?loves and Gauntlets, Gent's Buck Gloves, Skirt Brsid j of all colors. Coat Bindings, Balmoral Skirts, a large assortment of Hoop Sk'n ;, I Ladies', Gent's, Youth's and Misses' Under ! Vests, Ladies' Flannel Skirts, Ladies' large Double Shawls; a line assortment of Perfumeries, Brown Windsor Soap, Tooth j Soap, Toilet Powder, Boxes and Puffs, Hair Brushes and Combs, Nail Brushes; a linc i assortment of Dress Goods, at greatly ! reduced prices DcLaincs, black and Col'd ! Alpacas, Merinoes, Calicoes, Ac: Klack Cloth and Cassimeres, Fancy Cassimores, , blankets. Umbrellas, P.I. ? IhirtingS, Pa? per Cambric, Linen, Pluck and Colored Dress Silks. Marcelin..' Silk. Ac. Dec 6 Only Five Days from New York ! JUST to think of tho NICE THINGS brought out by thc Steamship Grenada, expressly for Christmas. 25 boxes choice MALAGA. RAISINS. 25 " TURKEY FIGS-fine. 10 " CITRON. 1,000 lbs. FRENCH CANDIES. 200 lbs. CURRANTS, with any quantity of SPICES, at POLLARD'S, On Main street, centre of old brick Range. Dec 10 34* BOOTS, SHOES AND LEATHER. THE subscribers hav?? just received a general assortment of BOOTS and .SHOES, consisting of: Gent's Single and Doublc-sok-d BOOTS, (Philadelphia make,) Balmorals, Gaiters, Bootees. Bro? gans, Ac. Also, a fine lot of the very best Baltimore OakS.de LEATHER. We will, as usual, make to order all varieties of Boots and Shoes, of the bent material and workmanship, for cash only-a rule from which there will be no exception. J. A A. OLIVER, Sumter at., botwoen Richland and Laurel Dec 7 Imo* NOTICE. UNTIL FURTHER O 3ES. 3D IES S? , THE SUBSCRIBER'S HEADQUARTERS WILL BE AT THE STORE OF C. S. JENKINS, ASSEMBLY STREET, NEXT MARKET. SANTA CLAUS. Doc 9 Im? Wanted, ASITUATION as TUTOR, in a family of five, six or eight children. All tho English Branches and Latin and Greek (if desired) taught. Apply at this office, stating salary. References giren, if re? quired. Dec 5 IS Houses and Lot? and Bnilding Lots. WILL bo sold, ak private ?alo, TEN HOUSES and LOTS and BUILDING LOTS, located in varioua parts of *be city; nay on Main, Laurel, Richland, Oasmden, Warne and Ladv streets. For particulars, apply to * A. R. PHILLIPS, Auction and Commission Agent. Dec 19 5 Davis ARey. " KEROSENE LAMPS, &C OPENED THIS DAY. a new and beauti? ful assortment of KEROSENE LAMPS, for Stores, Parlors, Halls and Chambers. KEROSENE OIL, WTCKS, CHIMNIBS, SHADES, Ac. W. B. STANLEY, Dec 2 Corn? Plaie ?ad Gatea sta. ?iii LIFE [ESTABLISHED 1849.] CAPITAJ.$242,000 Hon. W. F. DESAUSSURE. .'_Prosident. Dr. JOHN FISHER.Treasurer. F. W. MCMASTER.Actuary. rilHIS Company has paid for losses to tho I widows and orphans of the South near $100,000. Its rates aro low and profits regularly returned to tho insurers. For further information and policies of insur? ance, apply to the Actuary, No. 5 Law Range, Columbia, S. C. Dec 9 Imo* FIRE A.\D LIFE 1\?RA\CE, H. E. NICHOLS, Agent, IriOR tho following FIRST CLASS COM 1 PA?IES: The "Underwriter's Agency," the "Inter? national," the "Metropolitan, the "Conti? nental," the "Security." the "Home." the 'Columbia," the "Washington," the "Ful? ton," the '-Croton," all of tho city of New York; tho "Putnam" and the "New Eng? land," of Hartford, Conn.; the "Home," of Now Haven, Conn.; the "Home" and the 'Southern Insurance and Trust Com? pany," of Savannah. Ga.; the "Albemarle," of Virginia, and the "Gulf State," of Fe? rula. Also, the "Globe Life Insurance Company," of New York; tho "New England Mutual," of Boston; the "North Carolina Mutual," of Raleigh, and the "Accidental," of Now York, injuring aga?ist accidents of all kinds. The whole possessing an aggre? gate capital of over ?25,000,000. Risks taken on Cotton or Merchandize in transito from any point to any point on reasonable terms. . ALL LOSSES PROMPTLY ADJUSTED. Office at Mr. Hussung's house, corner of Assembly and Washington stree ls, Colum? bia, S. C. A-"? 15 I61"