Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning, Dec. J2,1865.
Adjournment ?? tia? LtgWatnre.
The Legislature adjourned yesterday,
about 1 o'clock, after a session of over
twenty working days. We shall continue
the publication of thc official Acts in a few
days, and our readers can then form an
idea of the business that has been done.
We wish thc membere a safe rcturu to
their homes. _^_
Th? Constitutional Guarantee.
In that old and revered instrument, the
Constitution of the United States, occurs
the following clause:
"The United States shall guarantee to
every State in this Union a republican
form of government, and shall protect
each of them against invasion, and on ap?
plication of the Legislature, or of the Exec?
utive .when tho Legislature cannot be con?
vened, against domestic violence.".
Thc language of the first section of this
charter is now cited by Senator Wilson
and other leading radicals, to justify thc
forcing of negro suffrage upon the South?
ern States. Wo think, with the New York
Herald, which has an excellent article on
thc pretensions of the radicals in rela?
tion to this point, that "their recourse
to it is a' complete though unintended
acknowledgment of the indestructible
statehood of the States. The moment
any one of thom should cease to be " a
State in this Union," the guarantee
would not apply to it, ana no act relating
to such State could be dono under its
authority. If, as many of thc radicals
contenu, a State ceases to bc a State, and
is no longer in tho Union when republican
government is subverted therein, the gua?
rantee ia futile, ceasing to be operativo as
soon eta case arises calling for its prac?
tical application. It is only while they re?
main States in the Union that a republi?
can form of government is guaranteed to
them; but the guarantee hoing of perpe?
tual obligation, it incontrovertibly follows
that States can neither be annihilated nor
cease to bc in the Union.
Another remark equally obvious and in?
controvertible is, that the language of
this guarantee precludes thc right of
governing those States from Washington.
What ia guaranteed to each State in the
Union is a stale government of a particular
form. It is clear, thou, that in all mat?
ters not belonging exclusively Lo federal
jurisdiction, they are to be governed from
within, not from without. When Con?
gress, under pretense of guaranteeing
republican government in those States,
undertakes to govern them itself, it dis
penseu with the very thing which it is tho
purpose of tho guarantee to secure, name?
ly, a separate State government for each
of tho States. Every government must
have its sphere of jurisdiction : but when
the Federal Government takes the busi?
ness of thc State Governments out of
their hands and docs it for them, it dis?
penses with their existence, and renders
unnecessary the very thing it is bound hy
the Constitution to guarantee.
By the terms of tho guarantee, not only
is the existence of the States made per?
petual, and their right to State Govern?
ments indefeasible, hut it is declared that
these ftovernments must be republican in
form. It is ridiculous tc call that a rcpub
hean government which is created and con- j
trolled by authority outside of tho State. ,
Republican government is seZf-govern
ment ; it ia an abuse of language and an )
affront to common senso to call any State
government republican which does not i
spring from the voluntary action of tho
peoploof tho State over whom it is exer?
cised. If by the usurpation of its rulers,
a monarchy, or any other anti-republican
form of government, should ho established
in a State, it would be thc duty of tho Fed?
eral authority Lo interfere and overthrow
it, loaving tho people free to re-establish
any form of republican government they
soe fit. Governments not republican can
be forced upon a people from abroad; but
a republican Igovernment, from tho ve-ry
moaning of tho word, must bo created by,
and responsible to, the people whoso sub?
mission it dom ands.
An AKSNOMKUT TO THE CONSTITUTION
WAKTBU.- Thoro is a groat deal said in
Congress about negro suffrage, negro
equality, nogro rights, and all that, and
Amendments to the Constitution aro offered
to msoi tho several points. Wo have no
doubt aU partios will agreo that nogroes
should be on an equality with the whitos in
ono respect, and that ia, that they should
have the privilege of working for a living
Uk* the white?. Therefore, an amendment
to thr Constitution is wanted which will
mai o thc niggers work. Hero is a chanco
for Sumner, Wilson, Wade, Thad. Stevens,
and all the r?at. The sugar plantations m
Louiaiana, to say nothing of the cotton
planUtion., all ovar the Mouth, are anx?
iously awaiting an amendment to tho Con?
stitution th?,t will roach this subject.
[ Nein York Herald.
Tnt friends of Marshall O. Roberts do
elare that ho has been offered the New
MESSRS. EU ITO BS: A writer over Ute sig?
nature of "Tax-payer" bas condemned, in
a most summary manner, the erection of a
new market, particularly the one submit?
ted to the Council by the Building Com?
mittee, terming it a "bird cage." Now, I
have seen the plan alluded to by "Tax?
payer," and proposed by tho Building Com?
mittee for adoption, anti, so far as my
knowledge of building goes, (and I have
had some experience,) I think that no
building sui table for tho purpose of a
market could possibly bo more substantial.
The piers are of brick, laid in limo mortar
tho roof is circular, and constructed in thc
strongest manner-altogether a most sub
stantial and permanent budding. As tc
the cost, I, also, am a tax-payer, but ?di
not afraid of tho outlay, as I sec by th?
plain and satisfactory report of tho archi
toots, that the income to bc derive,;, ai
certainly as the market ia built, wi]
amount, per annum, to one-half the or:
ginal outlay-a good investment, and ;
fact which, if the report is published, (a
it ought to be,) cadi tax-payer will se
and be convinced of. Who estimated th
cost of repairing the old ruins at 83,000?
say it will cost as much as the new market
and give no adequate return; but by carry
ing emt the new plan, the city will retal
in its possession a magnificent lot, nner
cumbered by a useless mass of old bric!
work. * ANOT1P .lt TAX-PAYER.
Mi ssus. EDITORS: Inasmuch as you ba\
published an article relating to the marke
over the signature of a "Tax-Payer," it :
but just to other tax-payers that thc
should know the whole action taken.
Tho Council appointed a Building Con
mittee, who advertised for bids, but wei
unable to procure any in the absence i
plans. t They, therefore, called upon a fin
in this city to furnish them with "a plan s
arranged that thc building could be addt
to at any time without involving any a
toration in the proposed present stru
turo." Accordingly, the architects engage
submitted plans, kc, together with tl
following report, which, in all justico 1
the Committee of Council, wo request yo
To His Honor thc Mayor and the City Con
eil of Columbia, S. C.
We respectfully submit the followir
report upon tho new market, the drawin?
for which we have prepared in accordan
with thc order of your Building Coi
It is proposed to locate the now buildii
midway in Assembly street, cither bctwe
Lady and Washington, or Washington ai
There is more than sufficient brick
the old market and city hall to supply t
number required for the new buildin
therefore tho only expenso will be clean!
and transporting them tho distance of o
The plan is so arranged that thc btu
ing can be extended uniformly to a
length without remodelling. At prose
we only suggest the erection of twen
' four stalls, each twelve feet square, a
; eleven tables, four feet by eight.
I The stalls are so arranged that the gor
J must be delivered outside, and sold insi
thus bringing every transaction under t
J immediate inspection of the market cle
Exhibit No. 1, shows the amount ol' n
Exhibit No. 2, shows the probable cc
Exhibit No. 3, shows the revenue on
KXlHltlT NO. 1.
Bricks required, 120,000.
Excavation, 70 yards.
Lumber, 27,000 feet.
Iron, 850 lbs.
Roofing felt, (or shingles,) 10,000 feet
Hardware, 15 kegs of nails.
Whitewashing, 5 bbls. limo, 1 keg siz
EXHIBIT NO. 2.
Excavating and properly grading.. $30(
Bricks laid in lime mortar. 911
j Painting and glazing. IP
Booting felt (or shingles). 80<
Workmanship and labor .3,00i
EXHIBIT NO. 3.
Bevenuo from rental of 24 stalls at
$.-1.50 per week.$3,12
Revenue from ll tables at $1 per
week . 57
Deduct salary of market clerk, say. 00
This loaves an animal income for
the outlay of $6,225 of.$3,05
KAY fe HEWETSON,
Architects ft Engined
Tax-Payors can see from tho above re
that tho subject has been well considi
and that the committee, In recommon
the erection of a new market, acted
for tho interest of tho city and comma
[' tho comfort and convenience of von
and purchaser?, not losing sight ol
important item of a return for the in
OTHER TAX-PA YE
Physician* Mid Patients.
MESSBS. EDITOKS: Tho Medical Society
of Columbia, mot on Wednesday laet,
and unanimously adopted the preamble
and resolutions passed by the Physicians
of Charleston,nt a meeting on tho ICth of
October KsF^.lrtth this exception, that,
instead of doubling, we will charge our
old rates in gold, or its equivalent.
You will oblige us much by publishing
thc preamble, ic, as follows. It was
drawn up and offered by a Committee
consisting of Drs. E. Geddings, Kinloch,
Robertson, Jervcv and A. Pclzer.
R. W. GIBBES,
Secretary Medical Society, Columbia.
MEETING HF THE PBACTIB1NO PHYSICIANS.
At a meeting of tho Practising Physi
i cians, of the citv of Charleston and its
vicinity, held October 16, 1865, at the
Medical College, on motion of Dr. R. A.
Kinloch, Dr. E. Horlbcck was called to thc
Chair, and Dr. J. S. Buist requested to act
On motion of Dr. E. Geddings, a Com?
mittee of five wero appointed by thc
Chairman to prepare business and draft
resolutions for the meeting. Thc Chaii
appointed the following gentlemen: Drs.
E. Geddings, ?nloch, F. M. Robertson.
Jervey and A. Pebter.
The Committee retired, and in a short
while returned and offered the following
premablc and resolutions, which wer?
' Tht. Jlemoers of thc Medical Profession
practising ia the cit;/ of Charleston am
its vicinity, to the citizens:
i Wo, thc practising physicians in thc cit}
and precincts of Charlot ton, having as?
sembled to deliberate upon tho a!tere<
relations which the present unhappy
condition of the community has establish
ed between our patients and ourselves
beg leave respectfully to invite attentioi
to the following considerations.
It has been truly remarked that tin
medical profession is founded in bonevo
lenee, and it will bo generally conc?d?e
that no class of mon has it more in thei
power to mitigate human suffering thai
physicians, or kaTo exercised their deed
of benevolence with moro cheerfulnes:
and alacrity. But the healing art involve;
other considerations. In all the relation
of lifo, the general scheme of society i
founded on mutual obligations. Labor i
the indispensable cond'tion of our socio
compact, and tho rewards of labor ar
absolutely imperative, not only as a mean
of happiness, but as a condition of ex
As long as it was the custom in ou
community to conduct the ordinary busi
noes relations on a credit system, th
medical profession cheerfully acceded t
tho general usage, ami only called for th
compensation for their services at th
expiration of six or twelve months. Thi
arrangement, so far as the medical practi
tioner is concerned, exists in no otho
country, and is both unreasonable an
unjusL The lawyer expects and receive
his fees when his services are rentieret
The divine and thc official is secure in th
periodical receipt of his salary; and th
meehanic and the artizan requires to b
paid when bis contract is completed. Ye
the physician, whose education is the mos
expensive, laborious and prolonged; whos
duties are the most responsible, and whos
I avocations are tho most patient, harast
ing and self-sacrificing, as far as his cou
pensation is concerned, is placed belo
thc servant or daily laborer.
Tho present altered condition of th
country-the complete prostration of bus
noss and of most of the industrial pursuit!
together with tho destruction ot a grei
part of the pecuniary resources previou:
ly e.?sting, have developed a Kt ern necci
sity, ' a tho part of our profession, for th
total abandonment ot tho crodit systen
ai 1 thc adoption of a cash basis" in a
business transactions. These principh
have been universally adopted and rigid
enforced by all classes of tho commuai!
except tho medical profession. A stei
necessity now calls for the removal of th
exception. All collateral resources havir
been destroyed, while tho necessary e
penses of living have augmented "fro
live to ten fold, (all of which have to 1
paid in cash.) to enable us to provide 1"
ourselves and families, an imperative du
impels us to claim tho right to be plac?
upon the same footing, as regards cor
pensation for our services, v.ith^ otb
I portions of the Community. As lnthert
no ono of us will disregard any legitima
de mands upon our benevolence; and whi
those whose reduced circumstances rend
them no longer able to bestow the ordina
remuneration will lind a ready respom
on application for our services, we tx
ourselves justified in indulging the expc
tation that all others will requite o
labors promptly, when they arc renderc
or at the termination of the case.
Wc, therefore, respectfully submit t
following resolutions as an exponent of o
views and expectations:
Resolved, That the necessities of o
position render it imperativo upon us,
the present stat? of affairs, to derna
cash payment for our professional servici
Those payments will bo expected at t
time the services are rendered, for
cases of office advico or singlo visits, a
in all other cases,"as soon as the attoi
Resolved, That whereas th? Mcdio-d F
Bill established by thc Medical Society
South Carolina, in tho latter part of t
last century, was adopted at a timo wb
tho expenue of living was at loaat throe
four tunes less than tho presont oxigon
requires, and was, besides, prodical
upon a spocio basis, wo shall fool ourseb
obliged, in our charges, to doublo tho ra
therein apecilied, and to add thereto wh
ever may bo tho ratos between spocio a
Resolved, That to facilitate tho ful
mont of tho arrangenieuts above spocith
tho attending physician will, as soon a
caso requiring continued attendance 1
terminated, hand in a card, or momori
dum, specifying the amount of his fe
or furnish such m?morandum at tho c
of ovory month.
Resolved, That, as wo have hitho
done, wo w.ll cheerfully render our servi
to thojc of our patient? who have, by i
calamities of the recent war, been depi
ed ot their ability to pay the ordinary
compensation, until such time as their
abihtyto remunerate oe may be restored.
Dr. R. A. Kinloch offered the following
resolutions, which were unanimously
Resolved, That we consider it eminently
desirable, at this time, to abandon thc old
practice of dispersing medicines from
private offices-a custom which prevails in
no other city of any size.
Resolved, That thc custom now pre?
valent, with our city apothecaries, of
closing their places of business at an
early hour in thc evening, is an evil seri?
ously felt by.thc profession and the com?
munity, and wo hereby respectfully urge
The nuptial tie has been described as a
knot fixed witn thc tongue which the teeth
cannot unloose. But the teeth themselves,
if beautiful by thc aid of Sozodont, are
powerful agents in producing tho fascina?
tion which leads to marriage. Thc charm
to which this delicious preparation lends
to the breath, too. has a decidedly hyme
nial tendency. White teeth ana a puro
breath! What heart can resist them? t
BALT?IOHE, December IS.-We report the
sales of 1.G00 bags of Rio coffee, at about
19Jc, gold; abo, 50 bags, at 20?c. The
fruit market, is stocked, and we quote
bunch raisins at $4.80; layer, $4.00: half
box, $2.70. Tho Hour market continues
heavy, and prices have a declining ten?
dency. We report sales to-day of 1,150
bbls., at $9@$9.50. Corn meal, $1.
WiT.MiNo.TON, December IC.-Thc cotton
market was dull to-day, with sales of 20
bales middling, at 42?-13c. OG bbls. crudo
turpentine sold, at 65c. for white, and GOc.
for colored; 382 bbls. tar, at $2.25; 2 rafts
of timber, at $11 per ST.
Parlor and Office Stoves.?
A LARGE SUPPLY, just received
and for sale by A. PALMER,
Corner of Assembly and
Doc 22 3 Washington streets.
SAUCEPANS & TEA KETTLES
ENAMELED, TINNED and PLAIN, for
salo by FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Doc 22 2*
OVENS, SPIDERS, POTS and EXTRA
Lids. FISHER & LOWRANCE.
Dec 22 2*
RECEIVED TO-DAY, a lot of GRIND?
_Dec 22_2*_FISHER & LOWRANCE.
AA'D CONSTANTL Y ARRIVING.
HAMS, SIDES, SHOULDERS.
STRIPS, CANDLES, MACOARONI.
Kits MACKEREL, STARCH.
SODA, JELLIES, Ac. By
J. II. CLARKSON A CO.,
Dec 22 1* At Clarkson A Tallev's.
Fine Coffee and Sugar !
BY the sack or barrel.
Also, Boyd's PROLIFIC COTTON
SEED, by the bag, in quautitios to suit
Also, at a groat bargain, a fine PHAE?
TON, less than half New York cost. By
Dec 22 1* CLARKSON A TALLEY.
The State Fair Grounds Still to Rent.
NOT having received satisfactory pro?
posals heretofore, I propose now to
rent it to some responsible person within ,
tho next week. Call at my office, cornor of 1
Gates and Washington streets.
. ORLANDO Z. BATES, !
Chairman Committee on Streets. j
ft Pilli lt.
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
BOOTS, SHOES, TRI* KS, MU
2 Hay ne Street, Corner of Church Street, ?
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
HAYING resumed business at their old ;
stand, 2 Hayno street, cornor of
Church street, aro now receiving a largo
and well assorted stock of
Which will be sold at the lowest market I
price. Tho patronage of former friends !
and tho pubhc is respectfully solicited.
D. F. FL.EMTNO. S. A. NKUOX. 1. M. WILSON. I
! Dee 22_t2mo j
University of South Carolina.
THE G en aral Assembly of
South Carolina having changed I
L.the South Carolina College into '
ta University, applicants are i
hereby notified that the exer- j
cises mt the University will bo- ?
?in on MONDAY, the 8th January next,
tudents (who must be at least fifteen
year? of age) will bo allowed to select tho
Departments which they wish to pursue,
provided they attend tho Lectures in at
least throe Schools. In corttia cases,
attendance upon a loss number of Schools
may bo permitted. There will bo no e/nm;
nation? for admission. Applicants should
present thomseiven punctually.
C. BRUCE WALKER,
Dec 22 f Secretary Faculty.
tor Charleston Courier, Augusta Consti?
tutionalist, Greenville Enterprise. Marion
Crescent and Lancaster Ledger will give the
above two insertions each, and forward
their bills to tho Treasurer of the Univer?
sity, Rev. C. Bruce Walker, at this place.
The Tost Office ia loen ted on Lady street,
Mr. John S. Oreen was, on yesterday,
elected District Judge for Richland Dis?
trict, by thc Legislature.
NIGHT SALES.-Messrs. Darbee & Waltor
offer for salo, this evening, at 7 o'clock, a
variety of fancy articles, Ac, suitable for
Christmas presents. Here is an excellent
opportunity for our young friends.
FOE CHRISTMAS.-Messrs. K. H. Moise &
Co., Pickens street, advertise a tine assort?
ment of tire-works for Christmas. The
stock embraces a largo variety. Their
assort.neut of confectionery is also very
fine. . ^ ^
Messrs. Townsend A North arc tho
agents for thc "Field and Fireside," a
literary weekly; and " The ?j?jtt/c-'(.," a
monthly publication, devoted to the in?
terests of the Masonic Order. As these
are thc only publications cf the sort in thc
South, they will, no doubt, be cxteiisively
Tun NE V MARKET.-We publish, in an?
other column, a communication on this
subject, adverse to the views of tho writer
in Wednesday's paper. ?Since the former
communication was written, wc have exa?
mined tho plans of thc architects, Messrs.
Kay A Hcwetson, and must say that the
contemplated building is anything but a
"bird cage." It is to bo constructed of
brick; will bo a substantial building, and
tho design reflects great credit upon tho
tasto and skill of tho architects.
We aro convinced that thc new structure,
and the removal of thc market from our
pri~"ip?.l street, will have the sanction and
approval of all our citizens.
By reference to our advertising columns,
it will bc seen that the University of South
Carolina is to bo opened on the second
Monday in January. Tho following are
tho professors-most of whom are well
known throughout the South:
R. W. Barnwell, Chairman of Faculty
School of History, Political Philosophy, and
Prof. W. J. Rivers-School of Ancient
Languages and Literature.
-, School of Modern Lan?
guages and Literature.
Prof. M. LaBorde-School of Rhetoric,
Criticism, Elocution, and English Lan?
guage and Literature.
Prof. J. L. Reynolds-School of Mental
and Moral Philosophy, Sacred Literature,
and Evidences of Christianity.
E. P. Alexander-School of Mathematics,
Civil and Military Engineering and Con?
Trof. John LeConte-School of Natural
and Mechanical Philosophy, and Astro?
Prof. Joseph LeConte-School of Chemis?
try, Pharmacy, Mineralogy, and Geology.
W. H. Orchard, Esq., was, on Wednes?
day last, elected Bursar and Marshal of tho
University. The appointment is a good
one, as Mr. Orchard's experience, from his
connection with various institutions of
learning, has made him familiar with every
department. His active business habits,
and his amiabilit}' of temper, render him
peculiarly flt for the position to which he
has been appointed.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call
t ;d to thc following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
Durban A Walter-Furniture, Ac.
" " -Christmas Presents.
University of South Carolina.
O. Z. Bates-Fair Grounds to Rent.
J. H. Clarkson A Co.-New Goods.
Clarkson A Tall^y-CotTen ?od Sugar.
Mad. Sosnowski's Institute.
G. A. Woodward-Mt. Zion Institute.
A. Palmer-Parlor and Office Stoves.
D. F. Fleming A Co.-Boots, Shoes, Ac.
Fisher & Lowrance - Saucepans, Ac.
'? " -Potware.
" " -Grindstones.
Institute for Young Ladies !
Opposite Charlotte Railroad Depot,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
IUIE duties of this Institute will be re?
sumed on Januarv 15.186f>, and end on
July 15 following. For circulars, stating
terms, Ac, apply- to Principal. .
Dec 22 " f l8
Mount Zion Institute,
WINNSBORO, S. C.
rSIHE exorcises of this SCHOOL will be
JL resumed tho FIRST MONDAY in Feb?
G. A. WOODWARD, Principal.
Rov. W. P. DuBOSE, A. M., ) Assist
W. M. DWIGHT, f ants.
Term? per Session, payable one-half in ad
vance, the balance at tneendof the session:
Board, with Tuition in all branches
except Chamistrv, Philosophy and
Tuition for Day Scholars, in Classi?
cal or higher English and Mathe?
matical Departments. 25
Primary Department, from.10 to 20
Course* of Chemistry and Philoso?
phy, each. 10
Contingont feo., 2
G. A. WOODWARD, I^incipal.
Payment required in specie or its equi?
valent in currency, at time of settlement.
Dec 22 f4