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Saturday Morning. Dec. 23.1865. "Importance of m. Sou iii orr? Repre? sentation." Under thc above caption, wo were some? what surprised to road tho following article, from tho New York Daily Times, a paper edited by Henry J. Raymond, a leading member of the Republican party in Congress, and who is generally regard? ed as tbs exponent ?f Mr. Seward's views. Tho latter is, as our readers know, unques? tionably tho most influential member of tho Republican party, and who has here? tofore never failed to control Us policy. Regarded in this point of view, as wfell as on account of the arguments pre? sented, we aro sure eur readers will find the article worthy of perusal and con? sideration. Mr. Sumner's theory that thc "insurrec? tionary States " have forfeited ihoir State attributes, and arc now mc:o territorial domain, has justly been repelled cs inconsistent with the whole scheme of the Constitution. Bul even that theory is preferable to any project of keeping the functions of these States in indefinite sus? pension, and excluding them from all representation in the Nat ional Legislature. Treat these States as Territorics,vand they may at least, like other Territories, senil each a delegato to tho House of Represen? tatives, who, though not voting, would have the privilege of speaking and repre? senting the feelings and wishes of his constituents. In the present condition of tilings, these so-called States have not even a Territorial life; every one of them is as voiceless in the national halls as if it were forever dead, and resolved into its primitive dust again. lt was but right for the House to ignoro all representatives from the theatre of tho late rebellion until it could be shown that their elections were made under competent authority and in a proper way. It is well, too, to stoj) to inquire whether the lato in? surrectionary States, in seeking again the constitutional right of representation, are prepared to comply with all their constitu? tional obligations. But all this eau bo learned without any great delay. Presi? dent Johnson doubtless has abundant information, derived from his provisional .governors, and from agents deputed to muk? special inquiry, which ho will cheer? fully impart. If that information is not enough, any deficiency can easily be sup? plied by an invitation of the Southern Representatives to present themselves before the committee <>f fifteen. Unques? tionably they could make expositions of the condition of the South, and of the I present sentiments of the people, that would quickly clear up every uncertain I point, and enable the committee to report, ! at HU early day, with tho fidlest under? standing. Tho true policy is to expedite, rather than delay, the re-admission of thc South? ern Representatives and Senators, lt is neither right nor safe for any part of tho . country to legislate for another part of the country without giving it any voice in that legislation. Representation is the vital principle of republican institutions. Its denial to any extent impairs the normal operation of our Government, and opens tho way to all kinds of abuses. No one thing is so important us to rid the South of that old spirit of sectionalism, which was thc growth of slavery. The great effort of true statesmanship now must bo to ani? mate the South with a new life, which shall be thoroughly identified with the national life, and have a complote Community of spirit with the North and tho West. But this will bo morally impossible if discrimi? nations aro to be kept, up against the Seuth, especially thc extremest of all dis? criminations, of not allowing it representa? tion, and making it subject to laws in ihe framing of which it has bad no part. That will be sure to beget a sonso of most griev? ous oppression, and tho result would in? evitably be tho in tensest hatred, on the part of the Southern people, of those they deemed their oppressors. To shut tho eyes to this certainty is to bo blind to American nature. Whatever the motive, the act is one of infatuation. Tho South is now in its most impressible stage. All Southern men are waiting to see how Southern submission willbe treated by the North. Of the fair and conciliatory disposition of President Johnson they are weD satisfied. Yet be is but a single man. Of the spirit of the Northern people toward them they are still in doubt. Any unfriend? ly manifestation by Northern Senators and Representatives will I- taken as proof that thc; Northern people have no desire again to fraternize with them, and mean only to be their masters. An unmistakably gener? ous and magnanimous policy by Congross, ? o admitting theil Representatives and burying the past, would soon overcome their last lingering resentment, and ex? punge tho last t raci' of that sense of humili? ation, which cannot exist without bitter? ness. A jealous and rigorous hue of treat? ment would, on the other band, soonc.onge.il every better impulse of thc Somborn people into an inflexible determination to oppose and thwart the Government in every prac? ticable way, and wotih' perpetuate thc spirit of sectionalism in its worst form for years, and porhaps generations. Some say that the new loyalty of the South is still very defective-that it con? sists in profession mainly. We can hardly concede th?4 to be exactly so; 1 ut if this Somborn loyalty is yet immature, it is the very reason why it should be encouraged and strengthened. We have not a doubt that the prodominant f .?lin;r in the North? ern heart to-day toward the South is a yearning for completo reconciliation, lt would bo a blessed influence upon tho Southern people if they could truly know this. But thoy cannot know it, except through tho words and actions of Northern Congressmen. Let those Representatives look nell to it that they no not give occa? sion for a misconception of tho real spirii of tim North. They cannot long continuo to Keep tho gates of tho capital ba .-rod against all Southern representation, vith out producing upon tho Southern mind a most mischievous impression, that tho North means not to he reconciled, but to domineer and degrade. What barm can Southern representation do? Even supposing the worst, that it would be disaffect (id and factions, it would still form but a weak minority in cither House; and even if it made an alliance with all tho Democratic strength, the com? bined force would still bc less than two fifths of cither body. The Thirty-ninth Congress, upon which devolves the com? pletion of this work o? reconstruction, has a magnificent Union strength, which no possible combination of malign clements can hinder from working its own high will. Let it trust to that strength, and be fear? lessly generous. Let it admit, at an early day, into its bosom all thc truly accredited Representatives of thc Southern people, so that it shall have every facility to legislate intelligently and justly for thc South, as well as for every other part of the land. This is what is imperatively demanded by every practical interest of thc Union. No speculative dogma, or old resentment, ought to stand m the way of? if. Tlic Kcnis.ii Quarrel. This quarrel among the friends of the liberation of Ireland is creating much interest in New York. The income of the brotherhood has been immense; the New York World feeling itself justified in mak? ing tho following statement with reference to thc finances: Bcccipts per month at tho tiiueof the O'Mahonev-Roberts quar? rel..". $100,000 Total receipts during the past Heven years. 5,000,000 In addition to the five millions which had berm received, it was confidently expected that twenty millions dollars would be real? ized by the sale of the new Ferian bonds. It wJLU bc an interesting point for the Con? gress which meets in January, to find out what has become of the five millions, as well as what disposition is made of the one hundred and fifty thousand which is received monthly. There is little to add concerning tho Fenian troubles in New York. On Thursday, several circles sent in their adhesion to Pcsident Roberts, and others forwarded resolutions endorsing President O'Mahoncy. Thc New York Xe i rs says: "Thc principal feature on Thursday in tho progress of the developments which thc officers of the Fenian Brotherhood seem to deem it desirable should be made public, was the arrival of thc military delegation to Ireland, numbering niuo officers. There was, of course, a very great desire on the part of the brother? hood, generally to learn their views in re? lation to thc state of affairs in Ireland. No official report, it appears, has yet been presented, and therefore, all that is known of their conclusions is of an unofficial character. It is understood since their return that tho impression which has prevailed here, and also apparently to sonic extent with the British authorities, that a concerted outbreak had been in? tended at tho present time, and that the arrest of Stephens had prevented it, was entirely erroneous. It docs not appear to have been looked to, neither was a general outbreak or open revolution now necessary to, or any part of the plans of. the Fenian Brotherhood; and that, therefore, the arrest of the Fenian chief in Ireland, while greatly to be regretted, did not, to any very alarming extent, interfere with tho steady progress of tho movement in Iro land. " According to another statement, pub? lished ia tho World, the contributions of the Fenian Brotherhood and the Fenian Sisterhood, in the various States of tho Union, to the war fund, from tho 11th of September to the 28th of October, were $120,650.22. The list embraces subscrip? tions of 20 cents, 40 cents, CO cents, st) cents, Ac, the lowest sum 1Lat is received being 10 cents,- while the higher sums aro $1,000, $1,500, $3,000 and $3,000, and one from California is $7,'its.00, which is tho largest. On one day $10,319 was received, and i>u another$10,001, and on others from $0.000. $8,600, and so on. Tho figures comprise the tenth financial statement to tho brotherhood. What the whole sum received is, is not divulged; but the con? tributions during the past year have boen large." A passenger left thirteen thousand dol? lars in a sleeping car at Cleveland, and the money was found and restored to him hy? the colored porter. Tho loser, with re? markable liberality, took out a five dollar bill and presented it to the honest darkey, without askins: for Bnv chancre. Mom: FRENCH TROOPS <>* THE WAY TO MEXICO. -Why docs not the Government send a licet into thc Gulf of Mexico? lt has remonstrated with the Emj uror of Fraiiee, but remonstrance is of no usc; Napoleon continues to send troops to Mexico. A correspondent writes from Ha? vane. December Dth: "Five hundred and twenty-three Chas? seurs d'Afrique, and over three hundred passengers, arrived here day before yester? day, on board the. magnificent steamer New World, on their way to Mexico. They say that a groat many troops are to follow. Tho steamer sailed yesterday m ?ming." Thc President and Congress must un? derstand by this time that they have to do with a person totally untrustworthy, and whose lying promises ure sure to be broken, unless ?>? enforce their fulfillment. [Nett r<>rl: Post, Wh. ~ The New Orleans True Delta speak:! in highly complimentary terms of General Sheridan, saying he is another illustration of the fact that charity and chivalry are always combined. He has issued an order directing tho quartermaster's department to supply thc widows and orphans and pub? lic charities in that citv with fuel. Provisional Governor B. E. Ferry Re? lieved. We have been favored by Governor Orr with tho following telographic correspond? ence, relative to rebe vin g Provisional Go? vernor Perry from the Gubernatorial du? ties. Great satisfaction is expressed by tlic authorities at the situation ot affairs: DEPARTMENT OP STATE, WASHINGTON, D. C., DEC. 21, 18fi,-,. To His EraTency thc Governor of the State of South f^arouna. Sin: Bv direction of the President. I have tho honor herewith to transmit 'ou a copy of a communication, which has o eon addressed to His Excellency Benjamin F. Perry, late Provisional Governor of South Carolina, whereby bc has been relieved of the trust heretofore reposed in him, and directed to deliver into your Excellency's possession the papers and property relat? ing to that, trust. I have the honor to tender you the Co? operation of tho Government of thc United Stati s, whenever it may bo found neces? sary, in effecting the early restoration, and j tli<- permanent prosperity and welfare of j thc State over which you have bi en called | to preside. 1 have the honor to bo, with groat re- j spoct. von.-most obedient servant, WM. H. SEWARD. I DEPARTMENT OK STATE, j WASHINGTON, D. C., DEC. 2L isi*>">. Ti i his Excellency H. K, Perry, Provisional I Governor of South ( 'tivolina. Sut: The time bas arrived when, in the judgment of the Prosidentof the. United : States, the care and condition of the pro? per affairs of t lie State of South Carolina! may bo remitted to the Constitutional authorities, chosen by the people thereof, without danger to the welfare and safctv of the United State.*. By direction of the President, therefore, you are relieved of the trust which was heretofore reposed in you as Provisional Governor of the State of South Carolina, whenever the Governor elect shall have accepted an? become quali? fied to discharge thc duties of tho Execu? tive. You will transfer the papers and t property of tho State now in your custody to his Excellency tho Governor elect. It gives me especial pleasure to convey to you the President's acknowledgments o? the fidelity, the loyalty and the discretion which have marked your administration; You will give mc a reply, specifying tho day on which this communication is re? ceived. 1 have tho honor to be your Excellency's most obedient servant, WM. H. SEWARD. COLUMBIA, DEC. 22, 18G5. Hon, Wm. II. Seward, Secretary of State: The Legislature adjourned yesterday, at noon. Gov. Perry has returned to his homo in Greenville. Your despatch has been forwarded to him by mail. It will be very gratifying to tho pooplo of South Carolina that her government has been untrusted to officers of their own se? lection. In their name, 1 thank you for the tender of co-operation of the Govern? ment of tho United States, when found necessary in effecting the early restoration and permanent prosperity and welfare of the State. You may bo assured of my unalterable purpose to aid in upholding tho supremacy of the 1 aws of the United States", and in advancing the honor, interest and pros? perity of a common country. JAMES L. OUR, Governor. Watkingtoa Affairs. WA sn i NI i TON, December 16.-The peoplo of this city and District aro to have tho opportunity, next Thursday, of expressing their views as to the propriety of giving the right of suffrage to negroes. It has already been announced that a bill for this purpose has passed both branches of tlie City Council. It has sinco received tho approval of Mayor Wallack. Of course, thor;, is not tho least probability that the voto will be in favor ol any such privilege to thc Africans; and thero is as little, that the radicals in Congress will pay any re? spect whatever to the voico of tho lawful white voters of the District. It is understood that a bill is to be intro? duced into Congress to repeal tba charter of the city of Washington, and to confide its administration and police affairs to two Commissioners, to be appointed by tho National Executive. Tho object of this is to deprive the people of the District of all suffrage, and tims to get rid of the vexed question of negro suffrage. A very happy riddance. It will much promote tho quiet and order of the good people of Washing? ton. Politics and elections aro a great trouble to communities. Ap, opes of the "dark mau"-as Var mountera call him-and of Massachusetts, the Intelligencer, ot this morning, calls at? tention to some recent revelations in re? gard to negro impressments for thc army during tho recent war. Mr. Lloyd, Presi? dent ot the board of Aldermen, stated that most of tho nogroos who went from tho District into tho army "were taken posses? sion of by men of their own color, and sold into the service of the United states,"' and it was added by Mr. Gulick, thaf "many of thom were cr?dite,1 to Massachusetts" that ever cunning, ever selfish State. Tho Intelligencer bears testimony to the truth of these statements. It says further, "that many of tho soldiers (black) were enrolled in tho soring of 1864, for the Massachu? setts colored cavalry. For each of these rocruits, that State paid a bounty of $323, and the towns and cities paid an addi? tional bounty of $150 to $200 for each re? cruit." That truthful journal adds: "It is a fact, susceptible, of the clearest proof, that none of these recruits ever received over $300* Of the residue of this bounty, they wore robbed by Government officials and Massachusetts agents. * * * Could the facts connected with these wicked transactions bc fully spread to the coun? try, it would awaken a tempest of just in? dignation, and cause all good men to blush for tho heartless depravity of their spe? cies." No doubt of it. It is understood that Congress is solicit? ed by influential citizens to purchase th? ground on tho North sido of thc eh/, known as tho Washington J. Berry pro? perty, for tho purpose of erecting thora upon a mansion for the President, with a magnificent park attached. The ground has au area of between 300 and 400 acres. The property is advertised for sale oa tho 21?t instant, and hence the spur is used to hasten up Congress to the rescue. It is very plain that the tolerably spacious ?nd moderately presentable mansion of tho National Executive is much below the grandeur of *hc Federal Government in ils enlarged and overshadowing sphere; and whether tho Washington J. Berry property bc purchased or not, a more gorgeous pa? lace will havo to he awarded to the Chief Magistrate. What would answer for other days will not do for those. Tho depart? ment at thc Western end of Pennsylvania avenue must havo equal consideration with that at thc Eastern end. if Congress deliberates in super-splendid marble Iud ls, tho high officer who holds the veto power over its acts, and is chief of a co-ordinate branch of tho Government, must have tho equal honors of lavish expenditures upon the finest edifices that thc genius of archi? tecture caji conceive. 'Phis is but right. Congress has ho right to appropriate all thc money for building purposes to its ele? gant case and convenience. Washington is full of beggars. Rich? mond can hardly be fuller. The recent war may have thrown upon her more in proportion to her population; but it also threw upon Washington a vast number. I lt is supposed that 40,000 blacks arc now j within her limits-three-fourths of whom I were slaves at the beginning of the war. There will bo immens? suffering among j them this winter. . [Corres. Richtntmd Tiiiu:s. Sixty-three military prisoners, confined j on conviction by courts martial, in tho O?do Penitentiary, at Columbus, have been released by order of the War Department, leaving but twenty of this class of convicts now in that institution. The New York Equitable Petroleum Com? pany is said to have struck a flowing well at Macksbnrg, on Duck Creek, near Ma? rietta, Ohio, which occasioned considerable excitement in thc neighborhood. Byron had his hands full when ho had this adventure: _"I stood in Venice on tho Bridge of Sighs, A palace and a prison on each hand." What the United States Government is saying to the invader: "Max, get out of Mex., or I'll mix vcr." Horace Greeley is in favor of Hon. A.J H. Stephens for United States Senator. The man wdio carries everything before him-the waiter. TO RENT, A PLANTATION on Watcreo River, in j\_ Richland District, containing GOO acres j of cleared land-one-fourth in upland and I balance in river bottom. All needful build- j ings on tho premises. For further parti- j culara, ace he subscriber on tho place, or I address him at Columbia. _Dec33,:<< JOHN ENGLISH. -Just Received and for Sale by A. C. DAVIS. 5BBLS. OLD CABINET WHISKEY-a [ very superior article. Second door i above old City Hotel Corner, Main street. ! _ DCC 23_2 ; Headqr's District of Western S. C., i FOURTH SEPARATE BRIGADE, i COLUMBIA. S. C., Decomber 21, 18U5. ? GENERAL ORDERS NO. 43. EVERY' precaution will-bo taken by Sub- j District and Post Commanders to prevent disturbances, either by freedmen or white citizens, during the holidays and the early part of January. Guards and patrol* will he established, and every one arrested who breaks tho ! peace, or whoso conduct may be such aa to lead to suah a result. This matter is one of great importance, and demands t' ? vigilant attention of all. By order ol Brevet Major-Gencral A. AMES. J. A. CLARK, Capt. 15th Maine Vols., A. A.^D. C. and Act. Ass't Adj't Gen'l. FIRE-WORKS! FIRE-WORKS! SKY ROCKETS. ROMAN CANDLES, WHEEL ROCKETS, SCROLL WHEELS, PIN WHEELS, TRIANGLES, GRASSHOPPERS, SERPENTS, Ac. Just received and for sale at Dec 23 COFFIN A RAVENEL'S. Toys! Toys! AVARIETY of HANDSOME and AT? TRACTIVE TOYS, just received and for sale at COFFIN A RAVENEL'S. Dec 23 NOTICE. OFFICE POST COMMISSARY, 1ST SUB-DISTRICT OF WESTERN S. C., Columbia, S. C., Dec. 22, 1865. NOTICE is hereby given that scaled pm posais will bo received ai this ofHco \ until 2 o'clock p. m. of the 31st instant, for the delivery of FRESH BEEF on tho ? block, in sufficient quantities to supply this Post. The Beef to be delivered on ana after January I, ISi'it?. All necessary in- ' formation can be obtained by bidders hv ; inquiring at the above named offico,in the : College Campus. Bv order of B. V. HOWARD, ! Lieut. 25th Rog't O. V. V. L, and A. C. S. Dec 23_2_ ! Wanted to Hire, ACOMPETENT NURSE for a child a '', year old; white or colorad. ? lirst-rato Heuse Servant. ? first-rate Chambermaid. The best, recommendations required. ! Apply at thia office. Dec 21 ! Local Iteras. The Tust Omeo is located on Lady street, near Assembly. CASH.-Our terms for subscription, ad? vertising and job work are cash. Wc hope all parties will bear this in mind. We have been requested to state that no furniture will be taken by the South Caro? lina Railroad for ten days from Kopkin's T. O. THE CODE.-The Phoenix, of thc'/lst aud 22d December, contains the entire Code re? lative to the freedmen, Copies can be ob? tained at tho ellice-price ten cents each paper. Orders from a distance promptly filled. THE BmtKTv-a or CoLtrarniA. -An inter? esting account oi thc "Sack and Destruc? tion of the City of Columbi.'., S. C.." has nat been issued, in pamphlet form, from the Phoniz steam power press. Orders can bo tilled to any extent. .Mr. A. C. Davis advertises an article for salo to-day that is much sought after in this section; and as it is particularly good, it is expected that he will have quite a de? mand for*it. We have to thank him for a specimen. We aro ph ased to ?tate that His Excel? lency Gov. Orr bas appointed John L. Boatwright, Esq., of Columbia, his Private Secretary. Tho Executive office is in tho basement of Col. Childs" house, corner of Bull ar d Plain streets. Messrs. Townsend & North advertise a beautiful assortment of photographic al? bums, gift books, Ac., for tho approaching holidays. As articles of this kind have been very rare for a length of time, our readers will not require a second invita? tion to pay Messrs. T. A N. a visit. OVERHAULED.-Messrs. Jeffers, forward? ing agents, at Hopkins' Turn Out, having received information that parties were stealing sonic of the cotton under their charge, about 12 o'clock, on Wednesday night, mounted their horses, and succeed? ed in arresting, within four miles of this city, four negroes, with a ivagon and four mules, and two bales of stolen cotton in their possession. We trust an example will bc made of these men, as almost daily wo hear of some one in that vicinity losing cotton. We regret to learn that there arc parties in Columbia who purchase cotton from negroes without proper inquiry. The matter should bo stopped at once. LIG-RO-INE.-Queer-sounding title, isn't it? But if you procure one of thc lamps which burns this fluid, you will be lost in admiration. To think of a lamp burning six. eight, ten and twclvo hours, with scarcely a thimble-full of oil, (or whatever tho material may. bc termed,) is really wonderful. This is certainly one of the groatest inventions of thc age. There is no danger of an explosion, and if the lamp should upset, there is nothing to be spilt. What will be tho next wonder, wo should like to know. Parties who have tho least curiosity should call on Messrs. Shelton, Calvo A Walsh, Bull street. These gentlemen have on hand a variety of other articles, which, if not quito so curious, aro really attractive. Their stock of fire-works, fancy articles, groce? ries, etc., is complete. NEW .ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is ca.ll tcd to the. following advertisements, which aro published this morning for the first time: A. C. Davis- Cabinet Whiskey. Coffin A Ravenel Fire works. " " -Toys. Townsend & North-Christmas Presents. Lieut. Howard-Contract for Beef. Gen. Ames-General Orders No. .}:?. Board of Visitors Military Academies. Militia Regiments and Officers. John En dish -Plantation to Kent. People weep at mimic death scenes on the theatrical stage, but the rabble of Washington city exultingly cheered tho real death seem' of Wir/, ls the country Utterly demora 1 ?zed ? Counting tlouwc C'ulrndur for 186G. I ill f l 1 8 S 4 ti Ol 7 si o io|ii|ia|u|n lt ie IT lt l?|ao|?l n!3R.'.M,a??2o|?7?;'i iola i il s 8 ??10 ]?!!? |l*|l?!lT]l? 90 111? S3 34 2} 17 HMBH ll|lill?l?|il|t* 1 * S 4 6 . ?I ??10 lill? U 1S!16I17,1S!1? ac _ B SIMMMSI a? M so n ...._ .. ... J_|. lilas t Ti s ? io n!ia:i3'i4 lfv'ioiiT islislaolai .". ;. si at|ae a7,i?|? SO ... a '4\"i\"il r I * io nlitli* MUS ItllTlM 1? 39|St|S* SS'lCSOlM ST !, 2? 30.311... I... i... I.