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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, December 23, 1865, Image 3

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?Tia? Change lia the College.
We extract the following from an
article in the Charleston News:
We aro of those who look for good
results from the measure, not believ?
ing that it presents the best sclicmo
for securiug a high order of liberal
culture, but a better one than that
now in existence. It will be remem?
bered that Dr. ThornwelL whoso
natue wo mention with the profound
veneration due to noble character,
high purpose ami great learning,
opposed a similar measure in 1854,
and, in his letter to Governor Man?
ning, exhausted the arguments which
can be advanced against it. But
while we warmly embrace his cardinal
doctrine, that the training of ali the
mental faculties, and uot the storing
<>i' the memory with facts, is the end of
education, it is highly problematical,
t ) say the least, whether mental
training is better promoted by ibo
superficial glance at numerous
branches of knowledge, which is all
that the present college system
allows, than hy the exclusive devo?
tion to, and complete mastery of, a
few, which is the acknowledged ten?
dencies of the University system.
The young student may, as Dr.
Thornweli contends, choose his stu?
dies badly; but this is not as great
au evil as having too many chosen
for him. Thc curriculum of an
American College is almost a pro?
gramme of universal knowledge
The student sips of "many nectareo
sweets," but drinks no deep refresh
ing draught. His degree persuades
him. that he is a "Doctor Universalis,'
I iiquitrea, sapient, tottan scibile sci cit;'
' but time dispels his illusion, and eon
tact with the scholars of other land:
generally convinces him that, whil?
he strove to make "omniscience hi;
forte, he has only succeeded ii
making science his foible." The re
suit is that he brings from the colleg
walls into life a habit of superficia
study and a sense of incompletenes
in the ground-work o? his knowl?dg
which will impair his capacity foi
and largely diminish his satisfactioi
in, futur? intellectual efforts. Th
college system of America is in anta
gonism to the scholastic principle
which the experience of centurie
had settled in Europe. Its result
give us no ground for congratulatin
j ourselves on the wisdom of th
change; and we cherish the hop
that a return to the methods (
European education may bring e
nearer to the high sta-.dard of Euri
pean scholarship.
But a much more important refori
is needed, and our College or Un
versity must be made to effect tw
important objects of such institt
tions, viz: to attract the young me
of other States by the advantages
offers, but especially through i
fame as a seat of learning and hon
of learned men, to obtain for tl
State the consideration and influent
which will necessarily attach to i
patron. "A University," says S
i W. Hamilton, to whose authority <
such subjects too much weight cann
be attached, "is not merely a mont
?piece of instruction, but a pattern
lofty erudition, and a stimulus to i
attainment. Professors work evi
more by example and influence tin
by teaching." In older eountri
this is so well known that no eiFoi
are spared to attract learned men
I a country, even when they are n
willing to undertake the labors
instruction. The success of
i academy, in the national objects ?
have alluded to, will be in the ju
portion of the abilities of its faeub
It eau hardly be claimed for t
South Carolina College that its si
ces-; in this regard has been gre;
. Its reputation is provincial, and i
| only has it failed to attract the youl
of other States, but it has not kt
at home till of those of its own.
cannot bc said to have outstripp?
in the race for fame, its rivals in I
State, who do not possess its adv;
tages. We believe that a reine
will be found in a reconstruction
the Board of Trustees. Nocorpor
body in the State could consist
abler or better men; but no bc
could be constituted on worst prii
pies. The very position and elna
ter of its individual members is
evil in its composition. But
principal objection to it lies in
fact that, by its numbers, the se
of individual responsibility is
stroyed by division of the respo:
, bilities among too many.
The great authority, whom we h
already quoted, has shown, by
history of the great Universities
Europe, that their reputation, s
I consequently, tho attendance u
B them, lias been great, in the r
& that tile number of their regents
been small. "Reason" and' eipe-j
rience, " he saj-s, ' 'show that academic
patronage is best vested, in a board
varying from two to five members,"
and it is highly important that its
members should be chosen from
! younger men, who will look to the
! performance of their trusts, notas an
irksome and subordinate task, but as
an important means of increasing
their own reputations,
j We believe that this reform is
j urgently needed, ami that its adop
; tion will secure to the College a de?
gree of success proportioned to its
liberal endowments, but never yet
I attained.
-- -
j Important ltcvrnae Decision on
t\r|>.'ii:ii.
i T?ie Commissioner of Internal
Revenue lins just decided that in
j section ninety-four, as amended by
! the Aet of March 3, imposing a tax
I
i of one and three-fifths cents upon
j cars, engines, carriages, and other
! pr?des repaired, whoso value is in
: creased thereby ten per centum, thc
? words "other art'oles," was meant to
. include all ma nu factored articles
subject, to an excise tax uud-n- tile
l several clauses of the ninety-fourth
: section.
! All goods, wares or merchandize.
I therefore, subject to un excise tax,
whenever repaired so as to incre."
their value ten per centum, wil]
assessed for the above tax.
The following points aro to bc
considered in determining when a ta>
accrues in cases of repair : First
Tho article repaired. Second. Tin
amount of value added.' Third. Tin
ratio of such added value to the entir<
I value of the article after having bcei
J repaired.
I In ease any separate portion of ;u
I article is supplied anew, that portioi
j is to be taxed just as well in its us;
I for repairing as though used for i
\ new article.
If a railroad company put a car
engine or boiler into a shop for rc
pairs, all new parts supplied are to b
regarded as pertaining to the entir
car, engine, boiler, ?v.c., and no ta
accrues unless the cost of makin
I repairs equals or exceeds one-elevent
! of the value of the car, engine, &c.
j after the rej ?airs have been mad?
j But if such repairs increase thc vain
i of the whole ten per centum or UT
i wards, or if the cost of making tli
j repairs, including labor and material)
j equals one-eleventh of the value (
j thc thing repaired, a tax accrues, an
I is to be paid on the cost of repairing
! When the article repaired is a uni
though made up of taxable parts, n
pairs are to be regarded as pertaiuiu
to the unit.
j If the repairs are upon a ship, tl
hull, as finished, constitute the uni
If an engine, everything pertainii
to the engine, excepting the hoik
j which the law provides for taxii
! separately. If a ear is repaired, tl
?repair pertains to such ear as :
! entirety, including all its parts-tl
j body, the wheels, the axles, Acc.
The rule will, in all cases, be <>
served, unless the owner sends t;
disjointed parts of an article to t
j machinist to be repaired and refitt
] to its original place ; then the ir
I chinist must report the thing repaire
j and tim question of liability to t
will depend upon the ratio of increca
value to the entire value of the thi
repaired.
The law having prescribed no ma
of estimating the increased value
an article repaired for use, without
sale of the same either before or af
the repairs were made, the cost
repairing has been assumed by t
office us the measure of value
which the tax shall be assessed.
-IBi- ...
A Messenger of Tronble<
?Tlie recent action of Congress
relation to Mexican affairs lias i
dently impressed the Marquis
Montholon, the French Embassacl
with an appreciation of tho appro
of a crisis in the relations between
Government and that of the Uni
States. With a due sen.se of the
sponsibility devolving upon him,
has despatched his First Secretar
Legation, Count de Taverney,
Paris, undoubtedly for the pun
of reporting to the Emperor the c
i dition of popular sentiment hen
regard to the Mexican question,
to receive from the arch intrigue
the Tuilleries definite information
? to the course to be pursued.
! Count de Taverney sailed on Wed
: day, in the Scotia, and certainly
takes with liiin intelligence of a
i tare to disturb the brain upon wi
> uneasily, rests the diadem of Fra
; Napoleon is a bold and skillful bni
of political rabr?cs, and has hitherto !
been successful ' eyond precedent, al?
most beyond the wildest vision of a
dreamer's i, ^agination. But he has
built his Mexican house upon ?t, quick?
sand, and within the ordinary course
of political events, it must fall. It is
possible that his genius, his cunning,
his ruling star, or whatever influence
it muy be that has served his ambi?
tion and stamped Ins desperate ven?
tures with the seal of success, may
yet give him the clue out of this
labyrinth ; but, unless radical folly
and fanaticism in this country play
directly into bis hands, every calcu?
lation of the chances predicts that he
mus? lose his hold upon Mexico or
retain it by the decisive triumph of
his armies and navies over those of
t?us Republic.
We do not think that Napoleon
will risk the hazard of a war with thc
United State.;, unless bis keen in?
tellect discover thc opportunity for
triumph in the radical poison that
defeats the recuperative power of this
country. None so quiek as he to
take advantage of thc lack of har?
mony and concentration in the house?
hold of an opponent; and he is aware
that, if the disunion intrigues of the
radicals should prevail, thu best
elements of our stx'ength would be
wanting in the struggle.
The tenitory usurped by Maxi?
milian borders upon the frontier of
the South. The tug of war would
be there Giving credit to tho South?
on people for a disposition to sustain
ie Government upon any foreign
. .sue, even then eau we expect, cac
we demand, from them alacrity ant:
earnestness of action, while we dem
them the right of representation anc
make them political outcasts anc
pariahs, whom not even the impulse
of good intentions can awaken fron
the apathy natural to their condition
Can we look for good service at arm.
from a people whom we wilful!
wrong, humiliate, degrade and perse
cute? It is not in human nature
and certainly not an attribute o
American character, to light unde
the rod, to swell with martial entire
siasm under the frown of oppression
The Republic may shortly need th
mailed hand of the South, nerved t
all its strength by a heart eager an
devoted in the cause. Let us clasp i
now, that we may be sure of its wi
ling service then.-New York New:
The following are the points mad
on the application of the Hon. A. I
Garland, to practice i i the Suprem
Court of the United States. H
counsel, Mr. Carpenter, said :
He has submitted himself to tl
authority of the Govarnment, and f(
reasons held by the President to 1
entirely sufficient, he has been gran
ed a pardon. He asks to be r
admitted as a full oouncellor at th
bar ; but is met in this endeavor I
the Act of Congress passed in 1SG
This law requires attorneys to tal
the oath that they have not partit
pated wilfully in the rebellion, and
render allegiance and obedience
the Government. This act is a coi
plete bar to the petitioner's righi
If it violates the spirit of the Cons
tution, it is void. This court li
held that any legislation is void whi
impedes business, and renders t
rights secured by the Constituti
useless. The members of this cou
for instance, held omeo for life,
during good behavior, and I aver tl
it would not be competent for Ct
gross to provide that they should i
preside beyond a certain age.
I First-Considering the petitione
guilty of treason. He might hi
been punished with death, but
President has fully pardoned hi
and the effect is to restore him to
rights, civil and political, and
holding of office, as if ho had ne
committed the offence. He engoj
in the rebellion, and has been s
jeeted to forfeiture, but the Presid
restored him to his rights, yet
Act of Congress fixes a perpetual
to his holding of office, and ii
direct opposition to the pardons.
The President said by his parc*
I You shall not bi: precluded f
j practicing in the Supreme Court,
! by the Act of Congress he is disqi
i tied. The President is trying to
j don, "?and tho Congress to pun
j The former is wiped out by the lal
The President may pardon foi
' offences, and this construction is
tad ned by the Federalist and o
authorities, including former
tices of tin; Supreme Court,
language in the Constitution gi
the President the power to g
j reprieves and pardons must be
. straed according to the sens?
! which the power was understoo
j England at the time of the ador
i of that instrument.
JUST ABBI VED !
AHE now opening a large variety of the
most magnificent
PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS,
Christmas and New Year
GIFT BOOKS AND AN?
NI'ALS.
Illuminated English and
American TOY BOOKS
for Children, ?fee., over be?
fore exhibited for sale in
i his market.
vYe respectfully invite our friend" to give
us an ea riv call.
Dec 23 i* TOWNSEND & N' ITH.
Grindstones.
REC EIVED TO-DAY. a lot of GRIND
I STONES -all sizes.
Dec 22 2* FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Parlor and Office Stoves.
' A LARGE SUPPLY, just received
and for sale hy A. PALMER,
Corner of Assembly and
Dec 22 :i Washington streets.
ilriDiv lui ii ul unit'
ENAMELED, TINNED and PLAIN, for
salo by FISHER A LOWRANCE.
POW?REl
OVENS, SPIDERS, POTS and EXTRA
Lids. FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Deo 22_2*
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
fi{<#.' {. t //its %k
mm?m?k
EXECU UVE DEPARTMENT,
COLUMBIA, December 21, 1SG5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
rilHE following appointments of the
J Board of Visitors of thc South Caro?
lina Military Academy are announced, vix:
James Conner, Chairman, vice R. J. Da
vant, resigned.
Johnson Hagood, rice A. P. Aldrich, re?
signed.
William H. Wallace, vice R. J. Gago, re?
signed.
Ry order of the Governor.
A. C. G ARLINGTON,
Adjutant and Inspector-General.
Doc 23 _2_
HEADQUARTERS.
COLUMBIA, S. C., DEC 21, 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 1.
IT'he following appointments of Officers
. in the Militia, made by His Excellency
tho Governor and Commander-in-chief, by
and with tho advice and consent of the
Senate, in pursuance of an Act of thc Gene?
ral Assembly, to providejfor the re-organi?
zation of thc Militia, are hereby announced,
and thev will b^ obeyed and respected ac?
cordingly:
l.<?< Division.
Major-General'M. W. Gary, Edgell, ld.
1st Brigade Brigadier-General Joseph
Newton Brown. Anderson.
, 1st Regiment Colonel Absalom Blythe,
Greenville.
2d Regiment- Colonel W. C. Keith,
Pickcns.
3d Regiment -Colonel lt. B. Arnold,
Greenville.
4th Regiment Colonel i liarles S. Madi?
son. Anderson.
5th Regiment Colonel E. H. Barton,
Pickens.
42d Regiment Colonel Thomas B. Lee,
Anders m.
To command companies of mounted
men -Colonel W. ll. Perry. Greenville.
2d Brigad >. -Brigadier-General Alex. C.
Haskell, Abbeville.
6th Regiment Colonel G. McDuffie Mil
! 1er. Abbeville.
7th Regiment -Colonel Robert Lanham,
Edgefield.
! 8th Regiment -Colonel J. Townes Ro?
bertson, Abbeville.
9th Regiment -Colonel Benjamin Roper,
Edgefield.
lUth Regiment- -Colonel James Mitchell,
Edgefield.
To command companies of mounted
? men-Colonel J. C. Cothran, Abbeville.
2d Division.
Major-General Johnson Hagood, Barn?
well.
:$d Brigade-Brigadier-General William
Elliott, Beaufort.
11th Regiment-Colonel Jas. R. Hagood,
Barnwell.
12th Regiment -Colonel Henry C. Smart,
Beaufort.
13th Regiment-Colonel Wm. L. Camp
bell, Colleton.
11th Regiment-Colonel Donald R. Bar?
ton. Orangebnrg.
15th Regiment-Colonel J. M. Steadman,
Lexington.
43d Regiment-Colonel J. Fletcher
Brabham, Barnwell.
To command companies of mounted
men -Colonel Win. Stokes, Colleton.
??tb Brigade -Brigadier-General John A.
Wagoner, Charleston.
16th Regiment -Colonel Edward Ma?
grath, Charleston.
17th Regiment-Colonel Samuel Lord,
Jr.. Charleston.
isth Regiment-Colonel Thoa. E. Raysor,
Charleston.
19th Regiment Colonel J. C. Cain,
Berkeley.
1st Regimen! ..f Rifles-Colonel C. H.
Simouton, Charleston.
To eommaTid companies of mounted
ne e Colonel V. Bacot Allston, Charleston.
3d T)ivision.
Major-General J.B. Kershaw, Kershaw.
5th Brigade-Brigadier-General F. W.
McMastcr, Richland.
'iiith Regiment -Colonel J. Harrington
Cooper. Sumter.
li'.st Regiment-Colonel T. F. Clyburne,
Lancaster.
22d Regiment-Colonel L. Yv. R. Blair,
Kershaw
23d llegimeut- Colonel .John Meighan,
Richland.
4 Ith Regiment-Colonel W. T. Lesesue,
Clarendon.
To command companies of mounted
men Colonel Robert AL. Sims, Lancaster.
Otb Brigade -Brigadier-General Wm. A
Walker, Chester.
.J lt h Regiment-Colonel Jas. F. Mactie,
Fairfield.
25th Regiment-Col. J. H. Rion, Fair?
field.
26th Regiment-Colonel Grandison Wil?
liams, ("nester.
27th Regiment-Colonel John R. Gulp,
Chester.
To command companies of mounted
men -Colonel Thomas W. Woodward, Fair?
field.
4th Division.
Major-General Robert F. Graham, Ma?
rion.
7th Brigade-Brigadier-General W. H.
Evans. Darlington.
28th Regiment-Colonel W. Allen Ben?
ton. Marlboro.
29th Regiment-Colonel J. A. Law, Dar?
lington.
30th Regiment-Colonel C. M. Wea?
therly, Marlboro.
To command companies of mounted
men- Cuionel P. L. Breedon, Marlboro.
6th Brigade-Brigadier-General Jas. F.
Presslcy, Williamsburg.
31st Regiment -Colonel Jas. McCutchen,
Williamsburg.
.32d Regiment-Colonel Duncan McIn?
tyre, Marion.
33d Regiment-Colorfel Ami j ah H. John?
ston, Hurry.
To command companies of mounted
men-Colonel Benjamin Allston, George?
town.
5th Division.
Major-General James H. Williams, New?
berry.
9th Brigade-Brigadior-General J. C.
Winsmith, Spartanburg.
34th Regiment-Colonel Joseph A. Mc?
Lean, York.
35th Regiment -ColonelJamesDouglass,
Union.
36th Regiment-Colonel Thos. J. Moore,
Spartanburg.
37th Regiment-Colonel J. Banks Lylesr
Spartanburg.
16th Regiment-Colonel John M. White,
York.
To command companies of mounted
men-Colonel J. G. MoKissiek, Union.
loth Brigade -Brigadier-General R. P.
Todd, Laurons.
38th Regiment Colonel Thos. W. Gary,
Newberry.
39th Regiment- Colonel W. W. Lester,
Newberry.
40th Regiment -Colonel G. W. Culbert?
son. Laurens.
41st Regiment-Colonei G. F. Mosely,
Laurens.
.15th Regiment -Colonel Harrison Floyd,
Spartanburg.
To command companies of mounted
men -Colonel Robert Bctscl, Union.
II Major-Generals commanding Divi?
sions, will immediately proceed to issue
their orders to their respective Brigadier
Geuerals to re-organize their respective
commands, by the election id' all commis?
sioned officers of tiie line of and below the
rank of Lieut -natit - Colonel, and by the
appointment of non-commissioned officers.
III. Officers, now in commissi.?ii, will
continue to exercise their respective offices
until their successors shall he elected and
commissioned, fud promptly carry into
execution all orders given by their supe?
riors in rank-.
iV. The organization of the companies
ra ised, r nd< rthe proclamation of Governor
Perry, for tin- police of thc State, into bat?
talion: and regiments in the respective
brigad .. willoi- suspended until further
orders from this Department; and, in tho
meantime, thc officers of such coi' pa??es
will carefully observe the orders is. 'i.'d by
the Post Commandants of the United
State- forces in the respective Districts,
and only employ their organizations as au
auxiliar) police force to^aid tho United
Stat- s authorities tu prescVving order.
V. Colonels commanding regiments will
report the organization of their resp< etive
commands, and their effective force to tho
Brigadicr-Gonerals com m anding brigades,
who will make a consolidated return of
their respective brigades, through their
Major-Generals, to thc office of tho Adju
t mt and imp :ctor-General, tat ;"'<?gtf|
Newberry Conrl FTouso,) on Wj^H
15th day "of Mureil next. ^MjBiSSiffiBlH
By order of thc Governor:
A. C. - ' .. fl
Adj t. and Insp'r. ? flfl
arg- All tho papers in ; ii- ><H
once roui semi hills to the '- s|
jutant and inspector-General,
s. c. n

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