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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, December 27, 1865, Image 2

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W<x -esday Morning, Deo. 27,1818.
President Johnson and ?Oti. Grfcnt.
We publish, this morning, a mesfeage
from the President to Congress, and a re
' port feom Gen. Grant in relation to his re?
cent tour through the Southern States.
These documents cannot fad to give uni?
versal satisfaction to thc people of the
South. The President's policy of restora?
tion, remitting them, in t#ie language of
Secretary Seward, "to the Constitutional
authorities chosen by their own people,"
is thc only efficient means of re-uniting
the? people of the two sections lately at
war, and stamps Andrew Johnson as a tine
statesman and noble patriot. He tells Con?
gress thc truth when he says that "the
people throughout thc entire South evince
a laudable desire to renew their allegiance
to the Government, and to repair tho de?
vastation of war by :i prompt and cheerful
return to peaceful pursuits." And bc ex?
presses an "abiding faith that their actions
will conform to their propositions."
He is equally truthful in speaking of the
condition of thc freedmen, when he de?
clares that nearly all the Southern States
have adopted measures to confer upen
them privileges " essential " to their com?
fort, protection and security. This is a
good hint to the radicals in Congress to
stop their intermeddling with the people
of the Sont] vu States in their dealings
with thc freedmen. ' Let the radicals'talk
of impeaching Andrew Johnson; " talk "
cannot hurt him, he has not only the
physical force of the nation at his com?
mand, but he has the hearts of the true
and good throughout the land.
General Grant's report will not be less
acceptable to the people of the South than
the message which accompanies it. He
declares that he is convinced that the mass
of the thinking men of the South "accept
the present situation of atfairs in good
faith," and that they consider the ques?
tion of slavery and the right of secession
"settled forever." Ho recommends tho
withdrawal of all negro troops from tho
Southern States, and says that during his
recent extensive tour through these States,
he did not meet any one, either officers of
the Government or citizens, who think it
practicable to withdraw the military from
the South at present.
He also recommends tho withdrawal of
all negro troops.from tho Southern States.
These recommendations, emanating from
the Lieutenant-General, and addressed to
the Commander-in-Chief of thc Army and
Navy, indicato the precise policy of the
Government witb reference to he military
occupation of tho South for tho ensuing
year. A few white troops are to bc kept
at those points where their presence is
deemed, by our own people,4nost essential
for their safety and protection, lt is in
consonance with our own wishes, and not
from the slightest doubt as to our loyalty,
that these troops are stationed in our
Since the pub1 ?.cation of the message of
the President and the report of General
Grant, tho continued military occupation
of the South assumes a totally different
and far more acceptable aspect than it has
heretofore done. They arc not here as
the radicals would have them, our masters
r.nd rulers, but as friends and proteotors.
When the presence of the military in otu
midst was a perpetual reminder of our de?
feat, in common with all who hoped foi
.he success of the Confederate causo, wt
were annoyed and humiliated by theil
presence. -The shoulder-strap and thc
bayonet were also perpetual signs of tin
want of confidence in cur loyalty and sin
cericy. New, however, the two men whosi
high military rank dwarfs that of all othor
in this country, have declared "tho rebel
lion" at an end, and announced their per
feet confidence in our integrity and goof
faith, we feel that tho Federal soldiers am
officers i:i our midst aro here for our ad
vantage and benefit.
THE OATH or OFFICE.-The Secretary <
the Treasury officially acknowledges tba
he has appointed officers who have nc
subscribed to the test oath, having fade
to obtf in those who could be relied on fe
the performance of the revenue duties r<
quired, as nearly every man in tho South 1
for a revenue officer was at tho same tim
either engaged in hostilities against tl
Government, or holding State or Coi
federate office, either willingly or unwilling
ly. The Secretary acted upon the presum]
tion that Congress would modify the oai
and not subject the South to the hnmili:
tion or tho revenue- system to tho odiu
which would result from thc employment
Northern men as t.ix gatherers. He sn;
gesta the necessity of immediate aetic
upon the subject.
i In a habeas corpus caso in New York.
i "isoner was produced before one of tl
\ >urts under a guard of soldiers.
Message or ?*resident Johnson.
The following is the message transmitted
by President Johns?n? on Tuesday; Decem?
ber 19, to the Senate, m answer to a resolu?
tion of inquiry of that body. President
Johnson says:
In reply to the resolution adopted by the
Senate," on thc 12th, I have the honor to
state that the rebellion waged by a portion
of the people against the properly consti?
tuted authorities of the Government of the
United States has been suppressed; that
the United} Statss are in possession of every
State in which the insurrection existed,
and that, as far -as could be done, tho
Courts of the United States have boon re?
stored, post offices re-established and steps
taken to pat into effective operation the re?
venue laws of thc country. As the result
of the measures instituted by the Execu?
tive, with the view of'inducing a resump?
tion of thc functions of the States compre?
hended in the inquiry of thc Senate, thi
people of North Carolina, South Carolina
Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana.
Arkansas and Tennessee have recognizer
their respective State Governments, am'
are yielding obedience to the laws and Go?
vernment of the United States with mor<
willingness and greater promptitude than
under the circumstances, could reasonably
have been anticipated. The propos?e
amendment to thc Constitution, providing
for the abolition of slavery forever withil
the limits of the country, has been ratifi?e
by each one of those States, with the ex
ception of Mississippi, from which no Officia
information has been received: and ir
nearly all of them measures have beei
adopted, or are now pending, to confe:
upon freedmen the privileges which an
essential to their comfort, protection anc
security. In Florida and Texas, the peoph
are making commendable progress in re
storing their State Governments, and in
doubt is entertained that they will, at ai
early period, bc in a condition to resunn
all of their practical relations with th>
Federal Government. In that portion o
the Union lately in rebellion, the aspect o
affairs is more promising than, hiview o
all tho circumstances, could well have beei
expected. Tho people throughout tin
entire South evince an audible desire t<
renew their allegiance to the Government
and to repair the devastation of war by ;
prompt and cheerful return to peacefu
pursuits. An abiding faith is entertainei
that their actions will conform to thei
propositions, and that, on acknowledginj
the supremacy of the Constitution and th
laws of thc United States, their loyalt;
will be unreservedly given to the Govern
ment whose leniency they cannot fail t
appreciate, and whose fostering care wi
soon restore them to a condition of pros
perity. It is true that in some of th
States the demoralizing effects of the wa
are to be seen in occasional disorders, bu
these are local in character, not frequcn
in occurrence, and are rapidly disappearin
as the authority of civil law is extende
and sustained. Perplexing questions wer
naturally to be expected from the gres
and sudden change in the relations betwee
the two races, but systems are graduall
developing th? mselves, under which th
freedman will receive the protection t
which ho is justly entitled, and by meau
of his labor make himself a useful and ir
dependent member of the community i
which he has his homo. From all the' ii
formation in my possession, and from tin
which I have recently received from th
most reliable authority, I am induced t
cherish the belief that sectional animosit
is surely and rapidly merging itself into
6pirit of nationality; that represcntatioi
connected with a properly adjusted systei
of taxation, will result in a harmonioi
restoration of thc relations of tin; State
to the National Union. Thc report of Ca
Schurz is herewith transmitted, as ri
?.nested bv the Senate. No reports fro]
tue Hon. John Covode have been receive
by th?' President. Tile attention of tl
Senate is invited to the accompanying r
port of Lieutenant-General Grant, who r
cently made tour of inspection throng
several of the states whose inhabitan
participated in thc rebellion.
WASHINGTON, D. C.. December 18, IS??.
WASHINGTON, December 18, 1863.-'
Hts Excellency A. Johnson, President <
the L'n it ed States.
Sin: In reply to your note of thc si
teenth instant, requesting a report fro
mc, giving such information as 1 may 1
possessed of coming within the scope
the inquiries made by the Senate of tl
United States in their resolution of tl
twelfth instant, I have the honor to subu
the following: With your approval, ai
that of the Honorable Secretary of Ws
I loft Washington on the twenty-seven
of last mouth, for thc purpose of makii
a tour of inspection through some.of t
Southern States, or States lately in rein
hon, and to see what changes were nccr
sarv to be made in the disposition of t
military forces of the country; how thc
forces could bo reduced and expens
curtailed, etc., and to learn, as far as pt
sible, thc feelings and intentions of t
citizens of these States towards the Gene;
Government. Hie State of Virginia, bei
so accessible to Washington City, and
formation from this quarter, thereto:
being readily obtained, 1 hastened thron
the State without conversing or meed
with any of its '.itizena. In haleigh, Noi
Carolina, I spent one day; in Chariest
South Carolina, two days; Savannah a
Augusta, Georgia, each "one day. Both
traveling and whilst stopping I saw um
and conversed freely with the citizens
those States, as well as with officers of t
army who haw; been stationed arno
them. The following are tho conclusii
coma to hy me: I ?rn satisfied that t
mass of thinking men of the South acc<
the present situation of affairs in gc
faith. The questions which have hero
foro divided the sentiments of the peo
of tho two sections-slavery and St:
Rights, or the right of a State to sec?
from thc Union -they regard as havi
been settled forever by the highest I
basal-arms-that man can resort tu. I
was pleased to learn from the leading men
whom X met, that they riot only accepted
thc decision arrived at a* final, bnt that,
now the smoke of battle has cleared away,
and tfme his been given for reflection, that
this decision has boen a fortunate one for
the whole country, theyjri>ceiving the liko
benefits from it with; tfeose who opposed
them in the field and in . council. Four
years of .wax, during winch. law was exe?
cuted only mt the point bf the bayonet
throughout the States in. Tebell??n. have
left the people, possibly, in a condition not
to yield that ready obedience to civil au?
thority the American people have general?
ly been in the habit of yielding. This
would render thc presence of small garri?
sons throughout those State?, necessary,
until Bitch time as labor roturas to its
proper channel and civU authority i* fully
established. I did not moot any one, either
those holding places under the Govern?
ment or citizens of thc Southern States,
who think it practicable to withdraw thc
military from the South at present. Thc
white and tho black mutually require the
protection of the General Government.
There is such universal acquiescence in the
authority of the General Government
throughout - the portion of the country
visiteo by mc, th%t the more presence of a
military force, without regard to numbers,
is sufficient to maintain order. The good
of the country and economy require that
the force kept in thc interior, whore there
arc more freedmen than elsewhere in the
Southern States than at forts upon the sea
coast, where no force is necessary, should
all bo white troops. Thc reasons for this
arc obvious, without mentioning many of
them. The presence of black troops, late?
ly slaves, demoralize labor both by their
advice and by furnishing in their camps a
resort for the freedmen for long distances
around. White troops generally excito no
opposition, and therefore a small number
or them can maintain order in a given
district. Colored troops must be kept in
bodies sufficient to defend themselves. It
is not tho thinking men who would use
violence towards any class of troops sont
among them by the General Government,
but tao ignorant in some places might,
and the lato slave seems to bc imbued with
the idea that the property of his late
master should by right oel?ng to him-at
least, should hive no protection from tho
colored soldier. There is danger of colli?
sions being brought on by such causes.
My observations lead me to tho conclu?
sion that the citizens of the Southern
States are anxious to return to self-govern?
ment within the Union as soon as possible;
that, whilst reconstructing, they want and
require protection from the Government;
that they think is required by the Govern?
ment, not humiliating to them as citizens,
and that if such a course was pointed ont,
thev would pursue it in good raith. It is
to he regretted that there cannot bo a
greater commingling at this time between
the citizens of the two sections, and
particularly of those entrusted with the
law-making power. 1 did not give tho
operations of?the Freedmen's Bureau that
attention I woid/l have done if moro time
had been'at mr disposal. Conversations
on the subject, however, with officers con?
nected with the Bureau, led me to think
that in some of tho States its affairs have
not been conducted with good judgment
or economy, and that the belief widely
spread among the freedmen of the South?
ern Slates that tho lands of their former
owners will, at least in part, be divided
among them, has como from the agents of
this Bureau. This belief is seriously inter?
fering with the willingness of the freed?
men to make contracts for the coming
year. In some form tho Freedmen's Bu?
reau is an absolute necessity, until civil
law is established and enforced, securing
to the freedmen their rights and full pro?
tection. At present, however, it is inde?
pendent of tho military establishment of
the country, and seems to bo operated
by the different agents of the Bureau
according to their individual notions.
Everywhere General Howard, the able
j head of the Bureau, made friends by the
just and fair instructions and advice ho
gave; but the complaint in South Carolina
was, that when he left, things went on as
before. Many, perin, tne majority, of
tho agents of the Freedmen's Bureau,
advise tho freedmen that by their own in?
dustry they must expect to live. To this
i end they endeavor to secure employment
j fur them, and to seo that both contracting
i parties comply with their engagements.
I In some instances, I am sorry to say, tho
! freedmen's mind does not sc<mi to be disa
I bused of the idea that tho freedmen have
f the right to livo without cure or provision
j for the future. The effect of the belief in
! division of lands is idleness and fcccumn
i lation in camps, towns and cities. In such
I cases, I think it will be found that vice and
disease will tend to the extermination or
j great reduction of the colored race.
It cannot be oxpected that the opinions
held by mon at tho South for years can bo
changed in a day, and therefore tho freed?
men require for a few years, not only to
I protect them, but the fostering care of
, those who .viii give them good counsel,
I and on whom they rely. Tho Freedmen's
j Bureau being separated from the military
i establishments of thc country, requires ail
I tho expense of a separate organization,
i Ono does not necessarily know what tho
j other is doing, QT what orders they aro
acting under. It seems to nie this could
' be corrected by regarding every officer on
j duty with troops in the Southern States as
j agents of the Freedmen's Bureau, and
then Int re all orders from the head of the
j Bureau som through department com
I manders. Thia would create a responsi
I bility that would secure uniformity of
j action throughout the South, wouid insure
j tho orders und instructions from the head
of t he Bureau being carried out, and would
I relieve from duty and pay a large number
of employees of tho Government.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
j your obedient servant, U. S. GRANT,
j Goner* 1 Wade Hamilton was invited to
I a seat in the Legislature of Alabama, on
the 11th instant, which he most gracefully
accepted, in a short, well-timed address,
taking the occasion to compliment the
! noble bearing and gallantry of Alabama's
! soldiers during tho late terrible conflict,
now happily passed forever.
DISTRICT JUDGES.-The following is a list
of the Uistrict Judges, elected by the Les?,
gislature: ? i S
AbfeviBe-D.tf. Jojtes.* .':
Atgeraon-S.^Bcott ?urrav.
Barnwell - S. J. Ha*.
Beaufort-TltOmas E. Seroyen, Jr. :,
Be?eley-^-F. B. Ric-bardsoa. - '-Ja
Charleston-George \V. Logan.
Chester-J. J. McClure.
Chesterfield-M. J. Hough. ?
Clarendon-M. M. Benbow.
CoUeton-C. B. Farmer.
Darlington-E. A. Law. ?*
Edgefield-J. E. Bacon.
Tail-field-W. B. Robertson.
Greenville-W. H. Campbell.
Georgetown-J. B. Allston.
HewT-Joseph T. Walsh.
Kershaw-\\. Z. Lcitner.
laurens-J. J. Davis.
Lancaster- G. M. C. Witherspoon.
Lexington-Lemuel Boozer.
Marlboro-E. 1'. Erwin.
Marion-R. F. Graham.
Newberry-Y. J. Pope.
Orangeburg-J. F. Izlar.
l'ickens-J. Wickliffe.
Bichl and -J. S. Green.
Spartanburg-J. H. Carlisle.
Sumter-T. B Fraser.
Union-D. GouOelock.
Williamsburg-J. G. Pressloy.
York-W. C. Beatty.
contraction inaugurated by the Govern?
ment is beginning to show in the markets.
IneTory part of the country, merchants,
in view ol th? fall they know is inevitable,
are already marking down their goods and
curtailing their purchases, knowing that it
is unsafe to hold large stocks purchased at
thc late high prices. ;
The produce market is also staggering. ;
Grain and pork have comedown, andthere
ia every indication that they have several
steps in the same direction to take yet.
The people have but one course to per
sue. Buy cautiously and carefully, pay
for whatever you buy, avoid debt as a
{?estilence, live within your income, apecu
ato on nothing, but keep everything ship?
shape and in order. Those who do this
will sail through the coming trouble tri?
umphantly-nine-tenths of those who do
not, will go down.-Toledo Blade.
The nuptial tie has been described as a
knot fixed with tho tongue which the teeth
cannot unloose. But the teeth themselves,
if beautiful hy the aid of Sozodont, are
powerful agents in producing the fascina
tioa which leads to marriage. The charm
to which this delicious preparation lends
to tho breath, too. has a decidedly hyme
nial tendency. White teeth and a pure
breath! What heart can resist them? t
Steamship Alhambra, Bonson, New York. I
Br. bark Cumberland, FuUorton, Liverpool. !
Steamship Quaker City, West, New York.
Steamship Mon?ka, Marshman, N. Y.
Brig Ambrose Light, at Baltimore, Dec. 21. |
Brig Richard A Torrey, at Boston, Dec. 19. j
Brig Atlas, Mitchell, at New York, Dec. 20.
Sehr. N. W. Smith, at New York, Dec. 20.
Sour. Siak, Ingalls, at New York, Dec. 20. I
Sehr. Mary Mankin, at New York, Dec. 20. j
NEW YORK, December 21.-Cotton firm, I
with sales of 1,800 bales, at 51^/,52c. Gold '
RICHMOND, December 22.-Cotton firm, I
atr>1^52c. Gold 40 ?.
The following are the quotations for [
Smith Carolina bank notes: Bank of
Camden, 30c.; Charleston, 20c.: Chester,
25c; Georgetown, 20c; Hamburg, 20c;
Newberry, 25c ; South Carolina, 20c; State
of South" Carolina, 22c: Commercial Bank,
Columbia, 18c.; Exchange Bank, Colombia,
10c; Farmers' and Exchange, 10c; Mer?
chants', Chora\v, 20c; People's Bank, 45c;
Planters.' Bank, 20c: Planters' and Me- !
chames' Bank, 25c; South-western Bail-j
road Bank, 80c; State Bank, 12c: Union
Bank, 60c.
BALTIMORE, December 21.-Flour ir.ac
five. Ked wheat inactive; white scarce.
Corn finn; demand fair. Oats, [email protected]
Coffee very active; Bio advancing. Whis?
key dull. Provisions unchanged.
?GOOD COOK, for a small family.
Applv at Mr. A. B. Taylor's residence
on "tho hill." " Dec 27 3*
8OR 10 LOADS well-rotted MANURE,
to be had for digging out thc pit. Apply
at this office. Dec 27 1*
School Notice.
THE MISSES MARTIN will resumo tho
Exercises of their SCHOOL on MON?
DAY, January 1, 1866. For terms, Ac,
apply at their residence on Blauding street.
Dec 27 1
OPENED, this day. i? v?r;oiy uf choice
FANCY Aii'iiuiliES of French China
and Bohemian Glass. Also. Reticule,Lunch
and Traveling BASSETS.
Dec 27_W. B. STANLEY.
To Bent for One Year,
A FARM of 25 ACRES, (more or less,)
A. with dwelling-house and barn, be?
tween the Asylum and Charlotte Railroad.
Applv on the premises from ll to 2 o'clock,
27th instant. JOHN RYAN.
Dec 27 1* Proprietor.
8BBLS. of the above, in store, and for
sale by the bottle or barrel.
WINDOW SASHES, Glazed and Un?
glazed, always on hand, and for sale at tho
Paint and Glass Establishment of
Dec 27 2* Granite front. Main st.
Local Xtoxjcxjs.
Messrs. Townsend & North have laid on
our table a- copy of Harper's Magazine for
January. It isfilled leith illustrated matter.
TUE HOLIDAY.-Tho freedmen, m this
city, on Monday, behaved themselves like
citizens-deserving tho respect and esteem
of the commuuity. We admire them for
their conduct.
"THE CODE."-The Phonix, of thc 20th*
and 21st of December, containing the en?
tire "Code" relative to freedman, can he
obtained at this office-price, twenty cents:
by mail, twenty-five cents. Dealers sup?
plied at a liberal discount.
Tho festivities of Christmas were wound
up by a very pretty display of fire-works by
Messrs. Sulzbaoher.A Co. Their efforts to
please the public were duly appreciated, as
quite a number of persons were present,
both old and young.
CHRISTMAS HOLIDAY.-Christmay-day, on
Monday last, passed off very quietly in thc
city. The precaution taken by Gen. Ames,
and executed by Col. Haughton, Com?
mandant of the Post, had a very beneficial
influence. There was one case of dis?
order, on the afternoon of Monday, which,
by tho prompt action of the patrol on duty,
was suppressed.
advertises an assortment of books, sta?
tionery, etc., which he has just received.
We aro indebted to him for late copies of
tho New York daily papers, the New York
Weekly and Harper's Montldy for January.
Mr. Glass is agent for a number of these
publications, and will supply tingle copies,
or receive subscriptions for any length of
time. His stock of music is large, and is
well worth looking at.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call
ted to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
W. W. Boyce-Attorney-at-Law.
Gov. James L. Orr-Proclamation.
" -$200 Reward.
Col. A. R. Taylor-Good Cook Wanted.
John Ryan-Farm to Rent.
Applv at this Office- Manure for Sale.
The Misses Martin-School Notice.
Jas. Brown-Spirits of Turpentine.
P. B. Glass-New Books.
W. B. Stanley-New Goods.
C. H. Baldwin-Oils.
H. E. Nichols-Insurance Agent.
Jas. Wood Davidson's Classical School.
Jacob Boll-Citation Mrs. M. J. McElronc
Bugidar Communication Kichland Lodge.
Oils ! Oils !
JUST received another supply of Lu?
bricating and Burning OILS, as fol?
lows, viz:
Barrels Winter SPERM OH;.
" S tr ail's "
.' Neatsfoot "
" Tanners' "
" Kerosene "
And for sale bv tho gallon or barrel, at fair
prices, bv ' C. H. BALDWIN,
At the old stand of Allen A Dial.
Dec 27 3_
Richland Lodge No. 39, A.*. F.\ M.'.
^%fof this Lodge will bo held THIS
7^r\EVENING, (St. John's Dav,) at 7
o'clock, at Odd Fellows' Hall.
This beiug the night for the installation
of officers, members will take due notice
hereof and govern themselves accordingly.
Bv order of tho W. M.
Dec 27 R. TOZER, Secretary.
New Books.
Dickens, complete Illustrated, paper,
$1.00; cloth, $1.75.
On Guard, by Annie Thomas, 50 ets.
The Lost Will and Tho Diamond Brace?
let, by Mrs. Henry Wood, 50 cts.
Can Tou Forgive Her, bv Anthony Trol?
lope, $1.50.
Quito Alone,.by George Augustus Sala,
75 cts.
Belial, 50 cts.
Mr. Stewart's Intentions, by Frederick
William Robinson, 75 cts.
Mattie: A Stray, 75 cts.
Sir Jasper's Tenant, by Miss Braddon,
75 cts.
Theo Leigh, by Annie Thomas, 50 cts.
Barbara's History, by Amelia B. Ed?
wards, 75 cts.
Carry's Confession, 75 ets.
The Ladder of Lifo: A Heart History, by
Amelia B. Edwards, 50 ets.
Miss Carew: A Novel, by same, 50 ets.
Uncle Silas: A Tale of Bartram Haugh,
75 cts.
Denis Donne, by Annie Thomas, 50 cts.
Miss Mackenzie, by Anthony Trollope,
50 ets.
Red Court Farm, by Mr*. Henry Wood,
75 cts.
The Earl's Secret, by Miss Pardoe, $1.50.
Allworth Abbey, bv Mrs. Southwortb,
Mv Brother's! Wife, by Amelia B. Ed?
wards, 50 ets.
Sherman's Grand March, bv Maj. Nich?
ols, cloth, 22d edition, $2.00.
Harper's Magazine, for January.
('odey's Lady's Book, for January, 25cbs.
The {-'inger Post, $1.50.
Luttrel of Arran, bv Charles Lever,
cloth, $1.75.
And many other new publications-. Just
received bv 1*. B. GLASS,
Dec 27 " Old Post Office Range.

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