Newspaper Page Text
' Friday Morning, March 2,1866. The End of the Rebellion. There is a significant paragraph in the speech of Mr. Seward, Secretary of State, and that is in relation to the forthpoming proclamation of Presi? dent Johnson, announcing that the war was at an end, and that the present Freedmen's Bureau bill would .. cease one year after such proclama? tion. The Bichmond Whig says that upon the putting forth of such a pro? clamation, martial law and military rule will cease in these States, the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus will be restored, and the people will be remitted to civil tribunals of their own creation for the ascertainment and protection of their rights. This, for the reason that the law of Con? gress authorizing the suspension of the privilege of that great writ, con? fers the power on the President only "during the existing rebellion." With the supremacy of civil author? ity once more, and the privilege of self-government in all State affairs again enjoyed by the people of the South, the action of Thad. Stevens' Obstruction Committee becomes a matter of comparatively slight im? portance. "We have other information, that as j soon as Texas, in her Convention, j complies with the conditions of his restoration policy, he will issue his i proclamation to the effect above an? nounced. Radical mendacity. It is stated in our Northern ex? changes that a desperate effort TO made in "Washington by means of the telegraph to create the impression that the President had made an out? rageous speech on the 22d. De? spatches were sent all over the country to this effect, for the. purpose of pre? judicing the minds of the party leaders in advance against it. Three OT four despatches were sent to Mr. Seward, stating that the speech of Mr. Johnson was a frightful one, and a speech that he could not endorse, also begging him not to speak at the Cooper Institute meeting if he could avoid it, but if he did speak to be careful how he committed himself to the President. Similnr despatches were also sent to Mr. Bay mo nd and other speakers. The game of the radicals was a bold one, and shows the desperation to which they are driven when they are compelled to resort to that dodge to bolster them? selves up. These despatches were sent off on the evening of the 22d ultimo, and on the next day these mendacious correspondents of the radical press, both East and West, were boasting over the canards they manufactured, and sent to their respective journals. But these lying telegrams failed to accomplish their purpose. Mr. Sew? ard, to whom three or four of them were sent, was among the first who telegraphed to the President his en? dorsement of the speech in tho fol? lowing despatch : NEW YORK, February 23, 1866.-It is all right and safe. The Union is restored and the country safe. The President's speech is triumphant, and the country will be happy. * * * [Signed] W. H. SEWABD. Such a shameful effort on the part of the radicals; such barefaced effront? ery, and such bold mendacity, liss scarcely ever been recorded, even in the historv of radicalism. Stevens and Forney. The Lancaster (Pa.) people, in a recent election, gave the Democrats a large majority over the Bepublicans. The Intelligencer, in noticing the matter, is very severe on Stevens and Forney. It says: "It is, in all respects, ?ie greatest victory ever achieved by the Demo? cracy of Lancaster, and will have a most salutary and beneficial effect upon the rest of the State. The arch demagogue, disunionist, and tiaitor, Thaddeus Stevens, has been signally and terribly rebuked at his home, and white men everywhere have good reason to rejoice over the result." The editor gives the following sig? nificant notice: "We have been re? quested by the treasurer of the fund to announce to John W. Forney that he is ready with a detailed statement S TCn ?nt for the expenditure of the $4,000 left by him on his recent visit, to be used in securing an endorse? ment of Thaddeus Stevens and negro suffrage at the municipal election of yesterday." The President of the Conservative ?Convention of Missouri has tele? graphed to Washington that 100 guns were fired in St. Louis, recently, in honor of the President's veto. Secretary Seward Oit Restoration. The following is a brief report of Mr. Seward's speech at the mass meeting held at the Cooper Institute, New York. The report, though brief, contains the most important passage. After some introductory remarksf Mr. Seward said : "What shall I speak of or about! The call of your meeting specifies the subject. But first let me say I am not here as an alarmist. I am not here to say that the nation is in peril or in danger; in peril if you adopt the opinions, or in peril if you reject them; in peril if you adopt the views of the apparent or real majority of Congress, or if you reject them; it is not in peril any way; nor do I think the cause of liberty and human free? dom, the cause cf progress and ame? lioration or civilization, the cause of national aggrandizement, present or future, material or moral, is in danger of being long arrested, whether you adopt one set of political opinions or another. "The Union, that is to say, the nation, has been rescued from all its perils. The noble ship has passed from tempest and billows into the verge of a safe harbor, and is now se? curely riding into her ancient moor? ings without a broken spar or a leak, starboard and larboard, fore and aft. There are some small reefs yet to pass as she approaches these moorings. One pilot says she may safely enter directly through them; the other says that she must back, and by lowering sail take time to go around them. It merely a difference of opinion be? tween the pilots. I think them both sincere and honest, but the vessel will go in safely one way or the other. "The worst that can happen will be that by taking the wrong instead of the right passage, or even taking the right passage and avoiding the wrong j one, the vessel may roll a little, and ! some honest, capable and even de? serving politioal statesmen, President, or even Congressmen, may get wash? ed overboard. If this cannot be help? ed, it can be borue. If I am one ol the unfortunates, let no friend be j concerned on that account. As ho I nest, as good or capable politicians, ! statesmen, or President, will make I their appearance hereafter faster thar j will be needed to command the ship, I as well and a? wisely as any that have heretofore stalked their hour on deck Although I do not think we are in ? crisis, the question to-day is worthy of deliber? examination and consi deration.'' Mr. Seward then went on to specify the issue between the President ane Congress, and supported the veto o i the Freedmen's Bureau bill. He ai much as announced that a proclama tion won kl soon como forth, announc ing the Union restored, when h< thought the Freedmen's Bureai should cease its operations. He full; supported the President's policy, j Mr. Seward drew a happy illustra tion from the faree of the "Nervou Man and Man of Nerve," and re marked that "this, I think, is th difference between the President, whi is a man of nerve, in the Executiv chair at Washington, and the nervou men who are in the House of Repre sentatives. The President is in hai mony with all the States that were i: rebellion. Every executive depart ! ment and judicial department are i: I operation, or are rapidly resumin j the exercises of their functions. Loy? I representatives, more or less fror j these States, men whose loyalty ma I be tried by any constitutional ? . legislative test, are now standing ii : the doors of Congress, and have bee ; standing there for three months pasl i asking to be admitted to seats whic i disloyal representatives, in violenc j of the rights and duties of the States as well as of the sovereignty of th Union, had recklessly abandoned, i These representatives, after a laps of three months, yet remain outsid ; the chamber, while Congress passe j law after law, imposing burden afte ? burden, and duty after duty, upo ? the States which, thus, against thei ! earnestly expressed desires, are lei without representation. So far as I can judge of human probabilities, j feel sure that loyal men from the no loyal States will sooner or later, t this session, or at some other, by thi Congress, or some other, be receive into the legislature of the natioi When this shall have been done, th process of restoration will be comple ed, for that is all that now remains t I be done. i The President thinks that the trai: sition stage has nearly passed, an the original provision for the freec men's bureau is all that is necessar to secure tho end in view; while tb bill submitted by Congress seems t him to give it indefinite extension i time of peace and restoration. H vetoed it for that reason. He decline to accept, as unnecessary and uncal ed for, the 1,000 or 10,000 agent the increaseel powers, and the auj mented treasure which Congress ii sists on placing in his hands. Coi gre8S, on the other hand, thinks tin the freedmen's bureau is not adi quate, and that more patronage, moi money, and more power, should, lih Thompson's door-plate, purchased ? auction by Mrs. Toodles, be a goo thing to have in a house. I agree with the President in tli hope that the extraordinary provisio which the bill makes will not be ni cessary, but that the whole questio may be simplified by simple referenc . *?i the existing law. j Mr. Seward concluded as follows: "It -will be a sad hour for the re j publie when the refusal of unneces I sary powers, treasure and patronage by the President shall be held to be a crime. When it shall be so consi? dered, thc time will have arrived for setting up at the White House an im? perial throne, and surrounding the Executive with imperial legions. " I Mr. Seward was cheered with great I applause throughout his entire speech. Dead. Coi. James Chesnut, aged ninety three years, died at his home, in Kirkwood, near Camden, on the 17th ultimo. He was tho father of Gen. James Chesnut, and was highly re? spected by the people of Camden, among whom he resided so long. We clip the following two paragraphs from an editorial in the Camden Journal: Col. Chesnut was a remarkable man by nature, while his position and ad? vantages gave him prominence for the exhibition of his qualities. Cul? tivated, refined, courteous in the extreme, he possessed nn independ? ence of judgment and strength of will which enabled him always to i select his own course and to carry out his purposes. Frequently honored by the peopie of his native District with public office, his duties were always well and faithfully performed. His political consistency and integrity were as pure and unsullied as bis private character. Blessed with a robust constitution and active tastes, his regular mode of life and excellent habits preserved him in great vigor to extreme old age; and at ninety he sat his horse with ease and grace. As was reasonable from his antece? dents, having seen the Union estab? lished; haviug watched its birth and progress; its early vigor and mature grandeur; having been thrown in contact early in life with the great Washington, and having been deeply I stamped with love and admiration for j him, he contimied to be a staunch, unflinching, devoted friend of the union of the States; and when at length in his old age, he mournfully and sadly acquiesced iu the course adopted by his native State, he thought he foresaw the wreck which he lived to witness. AN IMPORTANT DECLARATION.-In his speech at the mass meeting held in New York city last Thursday, Postmaster-General Dennison said ' that the veto message of the Presi? dent was advised aud sustained by every member of the Cabinet. THE NEW PARTY.-The. New York Times says that a meeting of promi? nent citizens has been held, at which a committee was appointed to go to Washington and seek a conference with President Johnson, as to the best means of sustaining his Adminis? tration. The committee has agreed to undertake this task, and on their j return, it is stated, will submit a | report to a meeting to be called for the purpose. MISSOURI.-Both Houses of the j Missouri Legislature passed, on the ! 22d ultimo, the following resolutions, under a suspension of the rules: "Resolved, That the couflict which has existed for the last five years be? tween loyalty and disloyalty is still existing, and that the safety of the nation demands that the Govern? ment shall be retained in loyal hands. "Resolved, That in the thirty Se? nators who voted to sustain the Freedmen's Bureau bill, vetoed by the President, and in the Union ma? jority of the House of Bepresenta tives, who supported the same and kindred measures, we recognize true ' and worthy representatives of the principles which saved the country j in the late rebellion, and we tender j such representatives our hearty sup port and the sympathy of ourselves and our constituents." CAMDEN.-A line of steamboats is ; j being fitted up for the river trade be- ; I tween Charleston aud Camden. The Board of Directors of the South ! Coolina Bailroad have determined to ; re .ild the fifteen miles of the Cam? den branch recontly taken up. The Texas State Convention is still engaged in making out business, but ! is doing very little. Mr. Jones, of | Baxter County, offered a proposition to divide Texas into three States, for the purpose of effecting a balance of power in the Union. The majority of the committee on j tho subject of changing the State I Constitution reported favorably, | while the minority reported that they : were in favor of changing the Consti- j tution, only so far as it would tend to : re-establish the relations of the State to the General Government. The ! majority report wns laid on the table ? by a vote of 57 to 28. The white laborers in California j are in danger of being run out of the ? State by Chinese workmen. Several ' railroad companies have discharged j their white laborers, and are employ- j in g these people, who work very ? cheap. There are now 60,000, and they are pouring into the country in great numbers. Europe. The Cuba brings later intelligence j from Eurolie. Bj this arrival we I have another instalment of the in- | terminable Shenandoah correspond? ence, in ?which Mr.. Seward indulges in a little "bunkum," and Earl Cla? rendon in a good deal of arrogance. The latter pointedly refuses to con- ! tinue the correspondence. Notwith? standing this diplomatic tilt, five twenties had advanced, and were firm at the time of the sailing of the steamer. The bold speech of "The O'Dono ghue" in Parliament on the subject of Fenianism, attracts much attention. The speaker plainly told the English people that his countrymen did not like the British rule; that the union of the two islands was repugnant to them ; and that Fenianism was merely a new manifestation of the old hatred of English domination. The O'Do noghue's declarations seemed to astonish Parliament, and were replied respectfully by Mr. Gladstone. M. Monthclon, French Minister at "Washington, had addressed a de? spatch to his Government on the Bagdad affair. He bears testimony to the neutrality of the United States and expresses himself entirely satis? fied with the action of General Sheri? dan, though surprised at the course taken by General Weitzel in sending United States troops into the town. The prevailing ferment continued in Spain, and tho Government had authorized the issue of letters of marque, conditional upon Chile's adopting this mode of warfare. To a deputation of Catalan deputies who waited upon General O'Donuell to suggest a national subscription for the purchase of iron-clads, the Span? ish Prime Minister replied that he had instructed the Captain-General of Cuba to purchase what was ne? cessary in this line in the United States. The Fenian conspiracy in Ireland was rapidly coming to a point. No fewer than four ammunition factories had been discovered in Dublin, in which tho manufacture of hand gre? nades, Orsini bombs and othei weapons of warfare had been carried on on a most extensive scale. Nearly half the available forces of the British army were stationed in Ireland. Ir Parliament notice had been given oi a question as to the complicity o? American citizens in the conspiracy. The following is a brief report ol the proceedings in Parliament ou the Fenian movement : In the House of Commons, on the 8th, the adjourned debate on the ad dress in response to tho Queen'i speech was resumed by "The O'Don oghue," who argued that the discon tent and disloyalty in Ireland was th? natural result of mismanagement and although hopeless as the Fe: '.ai struggle with England might be, hi insisted that the conspiracy Avas widi and deeply seated. He totally dis eented from the paragraph relating to Ireland in the Queen's speech and moved an amendment expressing it to be the duty of ministers to ex amine into the cause of Irish dissatis faction and to remove them. Mr. Blake seconded the amend mont, an?" referred to the harsh treat ment which, he said, the recent poli tical prisoners were being subject to. Mr. Lawson remarked that th i statement was utterly without found ation, and opposed the amendment Several Irish members followed ii the same strain as ' 'The O'Donoghue, and one or two members stated tha the Fenian conspiracy was of Ameri can origin, and that Mr. Seward wa really the Head Centre. Mr. Maguire characterized the Fe niau movement as hopeless, and th cause of injury to the country. He however, thought the Irish peopl had many serious grievances to con plain of, and considered that the Go verument ought to make it their dut to take the state of things into cou sideration. Mr. Gladstone took exception t the remarks that the evils which al flicted Ireland were the results t legislation, and objected to pledg Parliament to redrers evils whic were in some degroe beyond sue power. He also objected to th amendment, on the ground that tb Government had in the address d( nounced Fenianism, and said the moi clear and unequivocal their languag was the better it would be. Some c the questions brought under the notice by members were being full considered, and would be in due tim brought before Parliament; and th legislature ought not to give mere] vague general promises to a pcopi so sensible of former wrongs. The amendment was lost by a overwhelming majority-346 to 2; Tho address was then agreed to. In the House of Commons, on tl: 9'h, Mr. Watkins gave notice that c the lGth he should ask the Chancelh of tho Exchequer, whether any c what representation had been mac' on behalf of her Majesty's Goven ment to the Government of tl United States with reference to tl Fenian organization in America, mo: especially with regard to the emplo; ment of American officers and tl issue of bonds by the so-called Iris Republic. He should also movo fi papers. t - Order Prom General Howard. j Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard has pre pared the following circular letter to be transmitted to each of the Assist- J ant Commissioners of tho Freed men's Bureau : WAK DEPARTMENT, BUREAU FBEDMEN, : BEFUGEES AND ABANDONED LANDS, j WASHINGTON, Feb. 23, lt 6G. To the Assisiaul Commissioner. DEAR SIR: Anticipating the excite- ? ment that will necessarily follow the action of the Government with refer- ? euee to the new freedmen's bill, you may feel somewhat embarrassed in the duties devolving upon yon under the law and regulations already exist- j ing. That you may act steadily and firmly in any emergency, you mus?" be prepared for any increased hostili? ty on the part of those who have so persistently hindered and troubled you and your agents, and there may be an increased restlessness among the freedmen. The President has as- j sured the Commissioner that he re- j gards the present law as continuing the existence of the Bureau at least a ! year from this time. Please ascertain I and report what step have been taken j in your district by the State and municipal authorities to provide for the absolutely indigent and suffering refugees and freedmen who have been and are being thrown upon the Gene- | ral Government for support. Conti nue to use every possible effort to j find good homes for orphan minors who are dependent, ami to reduce, by means of employment, offices and accumulations of people in the differ- \ eut cities and villages, aiding the unemployed to find homes and labor, j You have succeeded in allaying strife, ! arranging labor and promoting edu cation in the midst of great difficul? ties. Continue with your utmost efforts to pursue the sume course as to demontrate to the people of your district the good intentions of the | Government, and the complete practi- j cability of tho system of free labor. Give a thorough inspection of every 1 ageut for whom you are responsible, j Immoralities, corruption, neglected duty and incapacity are sometimes complained of against officers and ; agents of the Bureau. If either of these charges are -sustained on inves- ? tigation, the guilty person will be at I ouce removed, whether he can be replaced or not. Thanking you heartily for the energy and fidelity you have thus far displayed, the Com missioner is pleased to express an unwavering confidence in your ability to cope with any new difficulties that may arise. I am, very respectfully, | vour obedient servant, 0. O. HOW ABD, Major-General, Commissioner. ] Mr. Bateman, the engineer of the | Glasgow water-woi-ks, has published a pamphlet, proposing a scheme for supplying Lonujn with water, by means of an aqueduct from North Wales. He proposes that the aque? duct shall have two branches in Wales, which shall meet before they cross the Severn; the length of the whole will be 152 miles; the capacity wiU be 220,000,000 gallons dailv, and the cost ?8,600,000-upwards of ?MO, 000,000. The United States Consul at Man? chester, England, writes to the De? partment of State, under date of February 2, that, as a last resort, the experiment of vaccination was exten? sively tried throughoutEngland upon cattle, but had totally failed as a pre? ventive-in fact, the disease was not even mitigated. The utmost precau? tion had been used to keep the epi? demic out of Ireland, and thus far they have been rather successful. THE FENIAN TRIALS INT IRELAND. The Special Commission for the trial of the Fenians has completed its trials in Dublin. Of forty-one pri? soners, thirty-six have been convict? ed. One of the judges said that the result of the trials was to prove that the feeling of the respectable people in the country was strongly opposed to the Fenian conspiracy. [2Vew Tori: Times. Mrs. Davis, wife of Jefferson Davis, reached Atlanta on Saturday night, and left on Sunday morning's train for Macon, whither she goes as the guest of General HowelLQpbb for a short time. She was accompanied by one child, the other two being at this time in Canada. On Friday night last, the store house of Mr. James A. Bass, at Mrs. Mary Gomillion's, seven miles from Edgefield Court House, was entirely destroyed by fire. Of Mr. Bass' largo and valuable stock of goods, none were saved. His loss is estimated at $15,000; insurance only 82,000. The great bridge over the Hudson at Albanv has just been completed. The length of the bridge is 4,800 feet; the cost was 81,200,000; and one year and eight months were consumed in building it. The Fenian Congress contiunes in session at Pittsburg. Gen. Sweeney has submitted military plans, which have been approved by a general committee. The California Legislature has passed resolutions recommending the appointment of F. W. Billings to a seat in tho Cabinet. Tho ex-rebel General Cr. W. Smith is mentioned as the Superintendent of tho Western and Atlantic Bail road, in Georgia. Thu opponents of tho President's policy are going to hold a meeting in New York. Ijocal X1;O3??L!&. CASU.-Our terms for subscription, ad? vertising aud job work are cash. We hop* aii parties will bear thin in mind. TANNING'S RESTAURANT.-This establish? ment advertise? a new supply of family ale and other liquors. Thc proprietor i? :: good caterer in lunches, su'.ip, Ac, and deserves patronage. TUE BURNING or COLUMBIA. - An inter? esting account of the "Sack ami Destruc? tion of the City of Columbia, S. C.," ha? just been issued, in pamphlet form, from the Phoenix steam power pres?. Orders can be filled to any extent. SOMETHING EXTRA.-Mr. McKenzie ha? just opened a tine lot of French confection? ery-nougat, Portuguese almonds, cher? rie?, etc. It would be as well to call early. Ss the supply will soon lie exhausted. THE OLD GUARD.-Wc are indebted to Messrs. Townsend A North for the March number of this interesting monthly pe? riodical. The only objection we have to this periodical is, it is too ultra (Southern) for the present condition of affairs. It is good, however, and we wish it success. It has a capital likeness of Genend Joseph E. Johnston. We publish a notice in another column, which cannot fail to attract attention. It is with reference to a Texan aoldier, who is believed to have been captured at the Sa? luda Factory, uoar this city, and of whom nothing has since been heard. Any in? formation loft at Nickcrson's Hotel will be thankfully received. lt will be seen that Messrs. Pratt A Wil? son have established, ia the city of Charles? ton, an importing and manufacturing drug house; and in bespeaking for their now en? terprise tho favorable consideration of the druggists, merchants and physicians of the South, they desire to direct the at? tention of the public to the fact that it ia tho only establishment of tho kind South of Philadelphia; the proprietors are na? tive Georgians, two of them well and widely known chemists, and they intend to build up in Charleston a centre ot trade in their line of business, where pnysicians and druggists may supply themselves with every article of a complete outfit. Give them a call. ^_ NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call? ed to the following advertisements, which are published this morning for tho first tim? J. C. J ann ey-List of Letters. Thos. H. Wade-To Commissioner"*. " ,: " -State Taxes. Robert Bryce--New Arrivals. Symmers & Berry-New Store. J. A. Haynie-Information Wanted. Pratt & Wilson Bros.-Drugs, Ac Tanning's Restaurant-Ale, Ac. E. Sill-Landreth's Garden Seeds. Tampering with tho teeth is madnessB. Avoid the corrosive dentifrices, submit to no scraping, use nothing but Sozodont. Orient herbs are its ingredients. It pre? serves the enamel, lt removes all impu? rities. It strengthens the gums. It de? odorizes a tainted breath, it is harmleis as water, and more valuable than its weight in gold. t THUNDER OF THE LONDON TIMES. As pop-guns firing in the London Times produce what the world calls "thunder," we give a few instances of their stunning effect in the following ?remarks of the correspondence of that journal from Madrid. Speaking of the Queen of Spain's family, the "Thunderer" states that "the royal children nore living are five in number, the new born infant completes the half dozen"-although those "now living" number but five! In another place the same astute correspondence alleges in reference to Her Catholic Majesty's recent addition to her family, that "the event had been fore? seen, and provided for with the utmost accuracy!" The executive ability which provided for that "event"-with such admirable "ac? curacy"-even to the sizje, we pre? sume, of the little stranger's shirt-is not more remarkable than the antici? patory statesmanship by which "the event had been foreseen. [New York News. "PRAYING FOR IT."-The Charlotte, N. C. J Times tells the following : The following short, but pithy dia? logue was overheard last night by one of our friends. -Two freedmen meet? ing, one accosted the other thus ; "Well, our people don't exactly un? derstand this veto." "No," was the reply; "we talked about it in the meeting last night, but as we couldn't understand it, we thought it best to pray for it." And they did. Hurrah for the freedmen. The Georgia Senate has passed a bill to punish horse stealing with death. COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL. NEW YORK, February 28.-The cotton market has a declining tendency, with sales of OOO bales, at 43 to 44c. per pound. Gold 36*. LIVERPOOL, February IO. Cotton uiar ket flat. Sales to-day 7,000 halos, at a par? tial decline of id. Sales to speculators ami exporters 2,000 bales. Breadstuff's dull. Provisions firm ' LONDON, February 10. -Consols for mo? ney, 86i@8(5?. Bullion in tho Rank or England has decreased ?108,006. AUGUSTA, February 26.- Market extreme? ly dull, and no palo? to report. Strict to good middling nominally quoted at 35c. G14 bales received to-day". Gold-buying, 35; selling, 37. Silver-buying, 30; selling, 35. - WILMINGTON, February 26. -37 bbls. tur? pentine ?old at $4; 75 bbl*, spirits turpen? tine, at -16@50c per gallon; 345 bbl?, rosin, at $2.75@$3; 198 bbl?, tar, at $1.60. 18 bales cotton sold at 27Jc for damaged, and 36@37c for middling.