Newspaper Page Text
vi? J5X J. A. .orjJUJD.1
COLUMBIA, S. p., THURSDAY MORNING, IEPTEMBE% 21, ?8G5.
.YOL. I-NO. *?*. y
l'?BUSUKI) DAILY AND TKl-WKKKI.Y,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
STATE PEINT E ? .
TERMS-IN AD VA NOE. I
Dailv Paper, six months.$5 00
Tri-Weekiy. .. .. .:i 50
Inser? eil at 75 cents per square for the lirst
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
&3~ Special notices 10 cents a line.
Thomas P. Slider, Charleston.
H. L. Darr, Sumter.
S. P. Kinard, Newberry.
Samuel Drouthitt, Greenville C. H.
Wm. Moore, AbbeviMe C. H.
Tile Next Cotton Crop.
The steadyHlnd continued decline
in cotton has caused the subject of
the present prices of this article, and
the prospect for the ensuing crop, to
become matters of much interest to
those who have already purchased
and now hold cotton, and those who
are engi (ked in its cultivation.
A correspondent of the Atlanta In?
telligencer submits some very sensible
remarks upon the subject, from which
we compile a few facts.
It was estimated by a committee
appointed by the Confederate Con?
gress that the number ot* bales of
cotton East of the Mississippi, at the
date of the report, was 875,000 bales.
This committee luid every facility to
enable them to form a correct opi?
nion, and was composed of intelli?
The report was made previous to
Sherman's advance through Georgia
and the Carolinas, when all crops, j
that escaped destruction by Confede- j
rate forces, to prevent their falling j
into the hands of the Federal troops,
were given to the flames by the order '
of that officer and his subordinates,
by means of regular details for the
purpose, and by camp-followers and
straggling incendiaries hovering on
Hie flanks of his army. As the theatre
of war shifted Northward, the cotton j
States were left to the mercy of the
Federal force, and organized and un?
organized cavalry raiders permeated !
every nook and corner of the conn- !
try, many of which being composed 1
of men emboldened by, and whose
vindictiveness was increased with, the j
waning fortunes of the Confederacy,
delighted in the destruction of pro- j
It would be a moderate estimate to
state the number of bales destroyed
by Sherman's army and their cavalry
raids at 150,000, leaving on hand
725,000 bales at the time of the sur?
render of the Confederate forces. Of
this, 250,000 bales will cover the
number now in the South, that will
be thrown upon the market under
any circumstances, nearly the entire
amount on hand being in the ware?
houses of our principal cities.
What are the prospects for a good
?orton crop the present year? Pre?
vious to the war, 4,000,000 bales were
considered a good yield, and this
number would be a fair basis upon
which to make an estimate.
1st. By a recent report made by
Gen. Howard. Chief of the Freed?
men's Bureau, it is estimated that
I, 100,000 able-bodied negroes died
during and since the wai".
2d. Nine out of every ten negroes,
heretofore engaged in the cultivation
of cotton, will not work in the cotton
.fields this year. Thousands of them
rare '.enforcing their freedom" by
living in idleness and crime in cities
aud villages throughout the South.
3d. The South lost- 800,000 able
bodied white meu by disease and the
casualties of war.
4th. Thousands ot' miles of fencing
have been destroyed, and much is
yet not replaced-gins and presses
have been burned; horses, mules and
oxen have been stolen, impressed,
conscripted and claimed by "horse
details" sent out by military authori?
ty; so that many find it difficult to
cultivate enough soil to supply the
demand for bread.
It will be admitted that nine out of
every ten bales, made prior to the
war, was produced by slave labor,
which would leave 400,000 as the pro?
duct of white labor, taking 4,000,000
bales as the basis.
If the first and second propositions
be true, then Ave have 400,000 bales
as the maximum number that can be
grown under any combination of cir?
cumstances by negro labor. This
would give us 800,000 bales as the
total product of white and black
labor, which must be further re?
duced by the number of bales which
would have been made by the 800,000
-able-bodied white men who died
during the war. It would be alow
estimate to fix this nt 75,000, which
|^would ?eavo 725,000 as a remainder.
Vfcr?fany who are acquainted with
the neg*Og~hi.s natural disposition to
idleness, nra repugnance to hoeing
cotton*, and the uncertainty of this
-class of labor under th'' present sys?
tem, would regard it safe to reduce
this estimate still moro, as the re?
sult of any given number ol them
win not reach, within a "respectable
approximation, ' to what it would
have been under the old reqime.
If these figures approximate in any
degree to the result, it may be well
asked, what causes thc present de?
cline in cotton? Ono fact only ac?
counts for it. The people of the
North-yes, of the worM -cannot ap?
preciate the exhausted and impover?
ished condition of the South after
her long, heroic and disastrous strug?
gle, nor estimate properly the worth?
lessness of negro labor under pre?
sent circumstances, nor yet the
political uncertainty and danger
whic1 beset us.
We should advise those who are
fortunate to own cotton not to be?
come alarmed and hurry what they
have upon the market at this time.
We need all the money i u the coun?
try we can get, and we cannot afford
to let slip the only thing in our pos?
session that can command it. There
is bound to be a "ground swell" in
the old "King's" dominions between
this and October.
[ Wilmington Journal.
Mn. McGnnnocH AND THE COMP- j
TROLLKK. -The attitude of Mr. Clarke,
Comptroller of the Treasury, towards
his supei-ior, Mr. Mcculloch, is quite
novel in the affairs of the Govern?
ment, and shows the impudence, the
entire contempt for propriety and
usage of the times. What sort of
Government are we to have, if the
chief clerk of every department shall
be allowed to set up his opinions in
opposition to the head of the depart?
ment? Under the system of levelling
downwards, it would not ti?!? long to
reach the scavenger, and make his
opinions a matter of public concern.
Mr. Clarke says he can see no impro?
priety in his publicly expressing bis
dissent from .Mr. McCulloch's views;
aud wc can see as little in a similar
appeal from Mr. Clarke's opinions by
the messenger of his department.
Beau Hickman has a better idea of
propriety than Mr. Clarke, whojwants
to be a Vice-president or something
else. He is evidently setting up in
business on his own account.
Gen. Marmaduke, of Missouri, late
of the Confederate army, passed
through this city yesterday, on his
way home. He has just returned
from Europe, where he has been re?
siding since the close ol' the war.
[Louisville Courier, Ki///.
lt is rumored that the O'Mahouy
Fenians have seuto.OOUmento Mparts
unknown" during the past ten days,
and. that the "Sweenians" are en?
gaged in raising a regiment of "free
lancers" to make a raid in Canada.
Eureka Chapter No. 13, R. A. M.
l? A MEETING of this Chapter will
?>^\^rbu held at Masonic Hall, Orange
^^burg, on the fourth SATURDAY in
April, and every following month. Mem?
bers are earnestly requested to be punc
I tual in attendance. Bv order of the M.*.
E.-. H.-. P.-. ' March 21 \v3*
SPLENDID assortment-selected with
special care bv myself. At
?JCRATCH no more. WHEATON'S CELE
0 BRATED ITCH OINTMENT, the great
Exterminator, just received nnd for sale at
March ls _t6*_
.1. F. EISENMAS bogs to inform
his patrons, and the puMic generally,
I that he has removed Iiis TAILORING
?ESTABLISHMENT to Mr. Volger's
old stand, on Main street, where will bo
; found a complete assortment ot* ('LOTUS,
! CASSIMERES, Ac, of the newest styles.
Also, NECK-TIES, HANDKERCHIEFS,
I COLLARS and a variety of other articles
usually found in a Gentleman's Furnishing
j Store." Having purchased them personally,
he hopes, by moderate prices nnd strict
i attention to business, to merit a share of
j nblic patronage. March 16 ?ftp
I The Southern Guardian.
POSTMASTERS who have heretofore
acted as agents in procuring subscrip?
tions to the above named journal, will
please prepare lists and forward to the
undersigned at Columbia. Persons who
desire to snbscril '. will forward their
names. Subscriptions to bc paid on re?
ceipt of thc first number.
March 22 C. I'. PJELHAM, Proprietdv.
ALL persons having demands against
the estate of Dr. JOHN H. BOA?
WRIGHT, deceased, are requested to pre?
sent them properly attested, and all th'>sr
indebted to said estate will please give
1 notes or make payment immediately to
.1. L. BOATWRIGHT, Adm'r.,
: In basement of Col. L. I). Childs' house,
Corner of Bull and Plain streets.
Kentucky Mules for Sale.
fobg^ PERSONS desiring to purchase
Pl MULES, will call on the under
mtkm?X* dersigncd, at Hunt's (lott i or
Logan's Stable. JOHN H. WILSON.
March 25 "J*
A FULL ASSORTMENT OF FINK
ALWAYS ON HAND.
SELF-RAISING BUCKWHEAT FLOUR.
OYSTERS -Spiced and Fresh.
,T. M.. O. K.. Wahou and Calisava BIT?
1.000 lbs. of the celebrated DURHAM
SMOKING TOBACCO. For sale bv
Between Ladv and Washington sis.
j March 'i.")
OILS! OILS! OILS!
i TUST received, a fresh supply of KERO
: ?J SENE OIL. MACHINERY OIL AND
? TANNER'S OIL, and for sale by the barrel
: or trallon by DIALA POPE.
j -f f\r\ Yds No. lo Boitin- Cloth, Anchor
j 100 vds No. 9 Boitins,' Cloth. Anchor brand,
i KM? .? .. 8
; ux> .. il '. :
100 " *. 4
1 For wale low for cash by
March 23 G KENNETH & < URSON.
pr /^r\n lbs Fino Countrv Flour.
O.UUU 10 bbls Self-Rai?ing Flour.
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
March 2:1 6*_
JOHKT H. HEISE,
WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL
FRENCH and ITALIAN CONFECTION?
ARY, Fancy Goods, Toys, Fruits, .te.
Variety too numerous to mention. Corner
of Plain and Marion streets. East of tho
Baptist Church._March 2 c Imo
ACOMPLETE FLEE of the SOUTHERN
GUARDIAN, for which a liberal Drice
v il be paid by ' C. P. PELHAM",
March 22 Proprietor, &c.
)g to TRAVEL to
Edgeticld C. H. or
anv intermediate point, can be accommo?
dated by applving to R. O'BRIEN,
South side Gervais st., near Assembly.
March 17 lin?*
COTTON AND WOOL CARDS.
XTTBOLESALE and retail by
VV March 22 DIAL & POPE.
NOTICE TO MILL-OWNERS.
THE subscribers are prepared to furnish
to order, at short notice:
BELTING, of all kinds and widths. .
BOLTING CLOTHS, of all numbers.
SMUT MACHINES, all six.es.
CIRCULAR SAWS, all eizcs.
Have in store a full supplv of SAW and
GRIST MILL IRONS, MACHINERY OILS,
it c. Persons wanting the above goods will
lind it to their advantage to call on us be?
fore purchasing, as we are prepared to
offer them inducements.
March 17 _ DIAi' & POPE.
C. li, BALDWIN,
Gr 3EL O O JES 3FL .
STANDARD grades of GROCERIES and
FAMILY SUPPLIES constantly in
stock and for salo bv the package or at re?
tail at POPULAR PRICES. Corner Main
and Washington streets. March 3 Imo
Internal Revenue Tax. j
THIRD DISTRICT S. C., j
MARCH 18, l??i?.
A LL persons in business, trade or pro- '
fession of anv kind since 30th of May,
1865, are required to pav their licenses
forthwith. W. A. HARRIS,
Collector for Richland District. |
X??" Office-Court House square.
. D. P. GREGG mav be ?
<&'Z7?m\ found at tho residence of i
?fffSBSk Mrs. McMahon, (near the;
" T L-T Episcopal Church,) ready to
a : tend to any professional calls from his old
or new patrons. March 17
PEftS ANO OftTS ? ?
OA A BALES EASTERN HAY.
??V f\J 300 bushels primo White CORN.
200 bushels Black-eyed PEAS.
300 .. White OATS.
20 bbl?. Extra FLOUR. For sale low.
BBO*WNE ft SCHIRME!'.,
Main street, Volger's new store.
March 17 t Imo
Columbia to Charleston.
THE NEW and LIGHT DRAFT STEAM?
ERS "GEORGE-' and "COLUMBIA"
arc now prepared to make engagements
to take Freight from Granby Landing to
Charleston. Advances or insurance made,
if desired, to Charleston or New York.
Applv to A. L. SOLOMON,
Or * THOS. L. CRAWFORD,
March 15 2mo Agents.
Kerosene Lamps, &c.
AFULL supplv of KEROSENE LAMPS,
OIL, CHIMNEYS, Burners, Wicks.
?fcc, in store and for sale at low prices, bv
Jan 23_DIAL & POPE. '
W. K. BROWNE. F. M. SCHIRMER.
BROWNE & SCHUR.
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
HAY!NC located themselves at ibis
point for tho transaction of the above j
named business, would respectfully solicit
consignments of MERCHANDIZE, of all
descriptions, lither for public or private
Particular attention paid to thc sale cf
REAL ESTATE, STOCKS, BONDS, .V.
Having a large and commodious Brick
Warehouse, we are prepared to receive, ]
store and forward all kinds of Merchandize.
Wc have made arrangements to keep
constantly on band a large supply of HAY
and GRAIN of all descriptions! Wo re?
spectfully oller our services to ortr city and I
country friends. All orders lilied with !
promptness and despatch.
ear Volger's new store, Main street."SS j
Marc!) l i Imo
A Beautiful Complexion.
" CIRCASSIAN BLOOM ! "
FOR THE COMPLEXION. j
THE most elegant preparation for the j
complexion. Remove? spots, pits,ble- j
misbes, pimples, freckles, tan and redness I
of the skin, and all excoriations and rough- j
ness produced by rough winds, chapped i
lips and hands. It softens thc skin and
renders the skin fair and beautiful. A
beautiful complexion is the admiration of i
every one. Try ? bottle. For sale by drug?
JOHN M. MARIS A CO., |
Wholesale Agents, Philadelphia. f
FISHER & HEINITSH,
March ll Agents, Columbia, S. C. !
STALLION JO^ MORGAN. 1
THE STALLION JOHN MOR
JlTiiW|GAN will stand the season, com- I
M 71 mencing on tho 10th inst., at the
Columbia Fair Grounds, for $30; groon.'?
fee $1.50. John is a handsome dark brown
horse, eight years old, fifteen hands high,
by Sir Archy, Whip and Woodpecker
thorough-bred stock-with a cross of Mor?
gan. Ile was raised by W. B. Daniels,
Esq., ot York District, and in that section
of the State has a high reputation as a
stock horse. In January, 1S05, a patriotic
citizen purchased bim at a high price, and
offered bim as a present to the most dis- i
tinguished cavalry officer in the Confede?
rate States army. The Lieutenant-General,
however, with characteristic modesty, de?
clined to accept the costly and splendid
charger. John, having the kindest dispo?
sition, was then easily broken to harness,
is a fast trotter and rino buggy horse. Terms
cash on first service. March 3 Imo
body-ran ging from SI to
$5, with ease -at the new Sky-light Galle?
ry, South of Blakely & Copeland's store,
Mainstreet. Call and give the operator a
trial. J. G. GLADDEN.
Paints, Oils, Window Glass, &c.
AGENERAL assortment of the above,
together with a full stock of BRUSHES
of every variety. In store and for sale
cheap for cash by_ DIAL A POPE.
Premium Platform Scales.
AFULL supply of PLATFORM SCALES,
capacity from 400 to 1,200 pounds. In
store and for sale cheap for cash by
_Feb 1 _DIAL A POPE.
A Long Life of Usefulness
TS given to the horse hy the cse of thc
L celebrated GERMAN HORSE POWDER.
The extraordinary virtues of this Horse
Powder are attested to by thousands, and
for fifty years has stood, and still stands,
first in tho estimation of all experienced
farmers, agriculturists and farriers, as the I
best medicine for thc horse, lt is com
Cosetl of roots and herbs carefully com
ined with tonics, and may be given in all
..ases where diseasH exists. For indiges- :
tion, distemper, hide-bound, drowsiness,
loss of appetite, inward sprains, debility,
wasting of flesh, sore eyes, swelled legs, :
grease, mange, surfeit, old coughs, for ex?
haustion Crom work. It carries off all foul
humors, purities and cools the blood, and
prevents horses becoming st ?ff and foun?
dered. lt is a stimulus for weak stomachs,
and renders tho limbs and skin soft and
fine, giving a smooth coat to the hair. For
tale by FISHER A HEINITSH,
March ll Drup^ists.
?ny? SOLL?T?IS !|
FRESH HOPS, LANDRETHS SEEDS.
EXTRACT LOGWOOD, OLIVE OIL, ;
Concentrated Lye, White Glue, Whiting, :
Chrome Sello* Machinery Oil, Sweet Oil. :
For sale by FISHER .v HEINITSH.
March Hi Druggists 1
OFFICE i v COTTON TOWN,
COLUMBIA, SS. O.
WILL store or attend to the forwarding
of COTTON, PRODUCE. FURNI?
TURE and GOODS entrusted to their care.
Will also uell HORSES. MULES. CAT- !
We pledge ourselves to use every endea?
vor to promote the welfare ol' those who
mav favor us with their patronage.
J. M. CRAWFORD. " L. P. MILLER.
es~ Charleston News, Newberry Herald,
Wiunsboro News, Chester Standard, Abbe?
ville Banner, Anderson InieUlgencer and
Greenville Mountaineer will publish two
weeks, and forward hills. Dec 80
JOHN C. SEKGERS, of Columbia, is my
Sole Agent for the sale ol' the different
kinds of BISCUITS, CRACKERS and
PILOT BREAD manufactured by me. He
will sell them at Charles-ton wholesale
prices, freight added.
J. C. H. CLAUSSEN.
Charleston, January 27, 1866.
TUST received a lot of SODA, CON?
GRESS, SEED, Sugar. Wine, Lemon.
Butter. Pic-Nie Biscuits, and Pilot Bread,
.lan 31 JOHN C. SEEGERS.
LUDWIG & KEATINGE,
ENGRAVERS & LITH0G1?API1ERS,
CORNER NINTH A NB BROAD sis..
3Eg.lo1n TTE Q33LC3L. ~Y7"?X,.
Jan 30 3mo
Hardware. ; ^*
rfflHE subscribers would re?r* ci tully wi
JL form the citizens of Coj?uibhi. and
vicinity*, tint tbevthavfe opened then- stocK
of HARDWARE', PAINTS, OILS, WIN?
DOW GLASS;, A-C, to which they would
ask the attention of purchasers, cheap for
cash. DIAL A POPE.
THROUGH! ROUTE NORTH,
VTA CHARLOTTE AND GREENS?
BORO. N. Ci AND DANVILLE
AND RICHMOND, VA.
tJTAGES leave Columbia, S. C., daily,
connecting with Charlotte and South
Arrive at Charlotte, N. C.2.30 p. m.
Leave Charlotte.3.00 p. m.
Arrive at Greensboro. N. C... 10.00 p. m. |
Leave Greensboro.-10.20 p. m.
Arrive at Richmond, Ya. 3.15 p. m.
the following day, connecting with evening
trains for Washington and all Ute North?
Close connections made, and no delay on
this route. Nearest and best routn North.
J. FITZ JAMES, Agent
Jan 23 3mo R. D. & P. Railroads.
Sup'ts Office, Charlotte & S. C. S. E.,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JAN-U.VIU- 1, I860.
MD?SfflnSBffl ONE HUNDRED LA
/^?^?'BORERS wanted, to work
on the track. Apply to WILLIAM REY?
NOLDS, Section Master, nt the Depot.
Jan 8 _JAS. ANDERSON Sup't.
II. E. NICHOLS,
Corner of Assembly and Washington Sis.,
COLUMPIA, S. C.,
REPRESENTS a number of the best
both Northern and Southern-compa?
nies, possessing an aggregate capital of
LIFE, FIRE. MARINE,
INLAND AND ACCIDEN?
TAL RISKS taken on equi?
table terms, and all losses
?rST"Policies made payable
in Gold or Currency
March 1 Gino*
INSURE YOUR LIVES.
APOLICY OF LIFE INSURANCE IS
THE CHEAPEST AND SAFEST
MODE of making a certain provision for
Nothing is so uncertain as life.
No provision is perfect that is contingent
apon the duration of your life, ?vhich is not
The onlv IMMEDIAT!', provision is that
provided by LIFE INSURANCE.
It provides a SECURITY to thc family
.>t every man engaged in business.
It is' a species of property that costs
nothing but the premiums; it requires no
repairs, bas no taxes, calls for no outlays,
Hid its conditions do not change.
Call on H. E. NICHOLS. .Virent for tho
following OLD, RELIABLE and POPU?
LAR LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES:
/ETNA, OF HARTKOKD, CONN.,
?LOBE, OP NEW YORK,
Asset?, nearly $-4,000,000.
WORTH CAROLINA MUTUAL,OF HA?
LEIGH, As,ct?, m arly 81,000,000.
CORNER OF WASHINGTON AND AS?
SEMBLY STREETS, COLUMBIA, S. C.
Jan 18 3in
FOR sale bv JOHN C. SEEGERS.
March ? _
Old Newspapers for Sale,
BY tho hundred or thousand, at
March 2 PHONIX OFFICE.
TO MAKE ROOM FOR
SPRING & SUMMER STOCK,
WHOLESAXF. AND RETAH. DEALEHS IK
CONSISTI NC? <A>? H >^3t??&^?
AGOO'D assorti .cut of ^'-'-^?^I^fe^H
colors and qiulities. ^^^e^^^K
DELAINES, POPLINS. A^*^'^
French and English MERINO. Mm gi
Black ?md t 'olored ALPACA. Wk mm 1
DEBEGE, LINDSEYS. Mmk m:
Opera, White and Bod All-wool an^Mt- S j
ton FLANNEL. ?. 1 J
GIN G II Al I. J ACO NET, SWISS MU Sift, li
JEANS, CAMBRICS, PAPER CAMBBJ?. ?
Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPU? ?
Linen and Cotton SHEETING.
SHAWLS, LADIES' CLOAKS.
HATS and BONNETS, tr'raed and unt'd.
BONNET FRAMES, RIBBONS.
FLOWERS, FEATHERS, RUCHES. ~~ -
BUGLE and other Fane)- Dress and
31oak Trimmings. L,
Handkerchiefs, Gloves, Hosiery. A
Cuffs, Collars, Hair Nets. " m.
Breakfast Shawls, Sontag?.
Hoop and Balmoral Skirts, Corsets. Mw
Veils, Coate's and Clark's Spool Cotton. Mt
ALSO, A FULL LIN OF ?i
Bim TOPING GOODS i
Over, Business and Black Frock COATS.
PANTS and VESTS of all qualities.
White Linen and Woolen OVER-SHIRTS
Shaker, Merino, Woolen and Cotton
?NDER-SHIRTS and DRAWERS.
Socks, Suspenders, Collars, Wristi?^nJ*. p
Neck-Ties, Pocket Handkerchiefs. '*
Hats and Caps.
Fine Pegged and Sewed Boots, Gaiters
ind Shoes. /
Together with a largo and well-selected V
itock of Plain and Fancy ' 7
Groceries, A 1
FLOUR, BACON, CHEESE, BUTI'ER W
LARD, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR.
Whole and Ground Spices, Candios. H
Fancy and Common Soaps.: Jk\
Soda, Indigo, Copperas, ftlue Stoat-.
Madder and Logwood. J
Plain and Fancy Cracker.-,.
Herrings and Mackerel, by i.hc barre I
?alf barrel um! \ Jfc^ IL
Sweet Oil, 'VJ mm 'owdJfca
Carbonate oVl^fci. '.'oiT;untratedLvg. JfB
Sugar and Fn^^H, jfS |i IPI
Kerosene Oi^^K | - W?? RM?!
Cotton and ^B?^..x;.r4^;l?-?*^syi?^B^^*, I
Pocket ami B?MPHJHr^O pt
Tobacc > *iuT><$f<*. ^Jmm*^ wmV
Together with a'large tfmMfvM'tit 0flB
;oods usnallr kept, and too ntmicrous toWR
ALSO, ON HAND,
A lurge stock of WATCHES, CLOCKS. MM
Watches, Clocks an?* Jewelry repaired. . .
Old GOLD and SILVER bought.
New and second-hand WATCHES bought.
KALB'S PATENT LIMBS.
HARTMAN'S PATENT ELASTIC
And FAIRBANK'S SCALES.
? ET WEEN PLA IK ? WA SEIKO TO $ '