Newspaper Page Text
_ THE DAILY WK PH(ENIX.
Da?y Paper $10 a Year "Let our Just Censure ^j^^^^^^W^L^'^^ Attend the True Event." Tri-Weekly $7 a Year BY JULIAN" A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 4, 1866. VOLUME II-NO. lo. TEE PHOENIX, PUBLISHED DAILY AND TM-WEEKLY, BY JULIAN A. SELBY. STATE PRINTER. TERMS-IN ADVANCE. SUBSCRIPTION. Daily Paper, six months.$5 00 TTi-Weekly, " " .....3 60 ADVERTI SEXENTS Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first Insertion, and SO cents for each subsequent. Weekly 75 cents each insertion. g?r Special notices 10 cents a line. AGENTS. Thomas P. Slider, Charleston. H. L. Darr, Sumter. 3. P. Kinard. Newberry. Samuel Drouthitt, Greenville C. H. Wm. Moore, Abt>eville C. H. ?ius Poppe, Anderson C. H. Tike Ponians in Parliament. In the British House of Lords, on the 16th ult., an important discussion, already briefly noticed by telegraph, took place on the condition of Ire? land. Earl Grey, in moving that the House resolve itself into a committee to consider the state of Ireland, said : Probably there never was a plot more utterly wild and hopeless than the ~~gj?snian conspiracy, and yet even this |plot had been able to command the native support of a great many of the fewer classes in Ireland, and the sym? pathies of many more. This circum <itance shows, I think, the state of mind -which exists in that country, because, as has been well remarked, -<&e agents of a foreign conspiracy, Jj||mrever well supplied they might be f^3mh money, and however well organ - ?ea they might be, would have at Rampted* in vain to enlist thousands of followers in England or Scotland , for the purpose of overthrowing the Government. In Ireland, how? ever, such efforts have unfortunately - met with a certain amount of success. We have been told that none of the respectable classes, or at all events only a very few of them, have had anything to do with the conspiracy, or show any sympathy for it, and that daring the recent trials the conduct 1 of the jurymen has been all that could be desired. My lords, I rejoice to . find that it is so, but I observe that it ? is stated by one who ought to know ri the feelings of the Irish people, that the classes from whom jurymen were - -testen, were &\ tiped at and opposed to the conspiracy Jpeeause they believed it to be directed against all property and all existing social institutions, and not because they were in fa? vor of the existing Government. Then there is another fact which seems to be generally admitted with I regard to Ireland-namely, that the prevailing disaffection in that country is not produced by distress. Now, we know it very often happens that ?hysical distress is the cause of po tical discontent. It was the cause of the Swing riots in 1830 and 1831; and the Chartists riots a - few years later were, I think, clearly traceable to the pressure of some portions of the population. It has, however, been often pointed out that in Ire? land disaffection does not exist in those districts where there is the greatest distress. For instance, there was more disaffection in the South than in the poorest counties of the West, and it was a remarkable fact ?L?fc daring the great suffering in the famine of 1847, political discontent was far less than it was eight or nine years afterwards, when, from the high prices caused by the Russian war, the people were comparatively prosper? ous. Indeed, this disaffection in Ireland is much more the cause than the effect of distress. The feeling of insecurity which exists in Ireland prevents the influx of capital into the country, and the development of those resources with which, whatever may be said to the contrary, she is very richly endowed by nature. How can you expect that men will embark in great industrial undertakings when every day at public meeting, speeches are made which, ii they mean any? thing, mean that those who deliver them contemplate sooner or later the overthrow of the existing institutions of the country. It is, I think, per? fectly clear that it is this feeling, of insecurity which is the main cause which prevents the industrial improve? ment of Ireland. I believe that the description which I have now given of the state of things in Ireland-a description founded on the concurrent testimony of men of all parties-is an accurate one, and I think none of your lordships will venture to deny the reality of the evils which I have mentioned. Now, if disaffection and poverty are the chronic conditions of Ireland, it is impossible to account ffor such a fact except by attributing it to thil misgovernment of that coun h^EI?.JSA indeed,' I believe it is uni |li jg JB^Wmitted that the evils ol ?mH r.'JB?t. ^rom misgovernment. gnage in the other House, that the deep feeling of animosity against Russia which prevails in Poland is conclusive proof rf Russia's misgo? vernment of tha J w ihappy country. May not a similar conclusion be drawn against us from the state of Ireland, while she continues as she is? I have shown you that disaffec? tion in Ireland has not .diminished, but has kept increasing, during the last thirty years. While this state of things exists, every advance which Ireland may make in other respects only increases her peril. If she in? creases in wealth and population, and still remains disaffected, her position will become far more perilous than it is now. We are, therefore, in this condition-that, until we succeed in gaining the affections of the Irish people, every measure we pass for the benefit of Ireland only increases the evils of which we complain. The necessity for applying to Parliament for the suspension of the habeas corpus was clear evidence aa to the state of Ireland; but I think it was the duty of the Government not merely to repress the outward symp? toms of disaffection in that country, but to ascertain the true source of the danger, so that the danger itself might be removed. Lord Dufferin, Under Secretary of i State, agreed that, after adopting a severe but necessary measure of re? pression, it was right and fitting to examine into the causes of Irish dis? content; but he could not assent to the motion, which was objectionable in point of form, and was based upon an erroneous supposition that the diaffection which undeniably prevail? ed in Ireland was traceable to the ex? istence of the Irish Church establish? ment. That establishment had its anomalies, which he did not defend; but it was not the object of attack on the part of the leaders in the Fe? nian movement. Neither was the ab? sence of tenant right the cause of dis? affection. The Fenian leaders i > re? posed to deal with the land question in a very different manner from the mere enforcement of J oases. Nor was he more disposed to attribute the ex? isting disaffection to the excessive emigration of the last twenty years. That emigration must be attributed, not to legislation, but to the much greater number of persons who, be? fore 1841, were engaged in agricul? ture in Ireland than were so engaged in England with its four-fold pro? duction. The emigration, however, had, in its results, been beneficial tc those who had. left Ireland, as well as to those who stayed at home, and thc country still remained one of thc most densely populated tn the world. When complaints wera made that thc resources of Ireland were not ade quately developed, he expressed his earnest desire that everything shoulc be done towards that end; but thc most certain means of thwarting i was the continuance of a state of in security, which prevented the intro duction of capital into the country The Fenian movement had done Ire land serious injury, although ht maintained that the country was nov in a prosperous condition. Earl Russell said: It is one of th? inconveniences attached to the time at which this motion is brought for ward, that the temporary question o Fenianism has been connect?e throughout this discussion with th? permanent questions affecting th< welfare of Ireland. With regard t< Fenianism, I believe my noble friend the Under Secretary of State, sait what was perfectly just when he sait it was one of those movements tha came from foreign countries; that a the movement of 1798 was in con nection with French Republicanism the movement of May, 1848, .with tht revolutionary movements on the con tinent, so this movement was con nee ted with the American civil war There is, however, this great differ ence, that some of those men wht were connected with the insurrectioi of 1798 were men of the noblest as pirations. They certainly did aim a something which they considered wa for the ^cod of the country, thougl what they pursued was a mere ig ai fatuus. Those connected with th< insurrection of 1848 were an inferi? set of men, though they may havi honestly sought the good of th<?i country; but among those connectet with Fenianism, there is hardly on of them who does not participate ii that general desire to rob thei neighbors, which seems to be th chief object of Fenianism. * * I quite agree with the noble earl, tha her Majesty's Government has n great measure to introduce this set sion of Parliament with regard t Ireland, and I must say it is m; opinion that it is far better to ai tempt from time to time to improv the laws by well considered measures rather than by introducing any ros changes such as that to which I hav alluded. With these reidar ks I mus "noose the motion of my nobl tion was negatived without a divi? sion. The Crisis In the Cabinet. In connection with the general and all-absorbing issue of Southern re? construction, the events of each suc? ceeding day point to an inevitable and early reconstruction of the Cabi? net. With each succeeding day the necessity in this direction devolving upon President Johnson becomes more urgent and more apparent. The time is not far off when, if the dis? senting members of the present Cabi? net shall have failed to take the ini? tiative, the President will be con? strained, in the vindication of his Southern policy, to begin the work of removal. His indulgence towards the subordinates of his administration whose sympathies and influence are employed against him cannot be much farther extended. Every considera? tion of dignity and decorum on their i part, however, suggests, or ought to suggest, to them the alternative of voluntarily retiring from the service of an official chief whose leading measures of Southern restoration they cannot actively support. We refer especially to Mr. Stanton, the Secretary _>f War. Mr. Harlan, the Secretary of the Interior, and Mr. Speed, tho Attorney-General. These gentlemen should remember that the war of the Union against a Southern rebellion and its work of destruction are at an end, and that the duties of peace, re-union and restoration are now the order of the day. But, as it j appears, they hold fast to the theory I of Thaddeus Stevens: that the lately rebellious States are not now in the I condition of States of the Union, re- ! lieved of a ruinous rebel conspiracy, but are rather as provinces wrested j from a foreign power, disarmed, but j still hostile to the General Govern- ! ment, and unfit to be trusted with a I representation in either House of j Congress. This issue between Thad 1 deus Stevens and the President ad? mits of no compromise. The policy of the one or the other must prevail, and the conflict must go on till the radicals or the Administration shall ; have been supplanted, i The action of the two Houses of ? Congress upon the veto of the civil ' rights bill must inevitably result in ! widening the breach between the Pre- j sidon t and the radicals and in strength- [ ening the Administration with the j people. We dare say that the bill, i passed originally, like the Freedmen's j Bureau bill, by more than a two-thirds I majority in each House, will fail of ! two-thirds in the one or the other, under the powerful objections of the veto. In any event, the President, in his reply to the Ne ur Jev??y delega? tion, on Wednesday last, has declared that he is too old to retrace his steps, and that he shall take no step back? ward. The day, therefore, is near at hand when the duty of re-organizing his Cabinet will admit of no further delay. Unquestionably he does not wish, if he can avoid it, to mate any Cabinet removals for differences of opinion upon questions of public policy; but the unity of the Cabinet is the first essential to a successful ad? ministration. In this view, men who stand as obstructions must give way to principles and measures, or be dis? placed, whatever may be their minis? terial abilities or their claims on the score of public services. Messrs. Stan? ton, Harlan and Speed represent the radical party in the Cabinet. The antagonism between that party and the President on the civil rights bill is too broad and comprehensive to justify any presumption of a recon? ciliation. The only course remaining to the radical members of the Cabi? net indicated, consistent with patri? otism and a proper self-respect, is gracefully to retire, and to leave the President free to re-organize his ministerial household in accordance with his general policy. As matters j now stand, the presence of Messrs. j Stanton, Harlan and Speed in the ! Cabinet is incompatible with the great I object of harmony in the Adminis? tration, and they ought to retire. [New York Herald. COLGATE'S HONEY SOAP. Thia celebrated Toilet Soap, in auch ! universal demand, is made from the 1 choicest materials, ia miitt and cinpl lient in ?ts nature, fragrantly scented, ; and extremely beneficial in its action , upon the skin. For sale by all Druggists and Fancy Goods Dealers. March28 ly BATCHELOR'^ HAIR DYE. The Original and Best in the World. The only true and perfect H Alli DYE. Harmless, Reliable and Instantaneous. Produces immediately a splendid Black or natural Brown, without injuring tin hair or skin. Remedies the ill effects of bad 'dyes. Sold by all Druggists. The genuine . is signed William A. Batchelor. Also, RE j GENERATING EXTRACT OF MIL^E FLETJRS, for Sectoring and Beautifying The American HAY AND COTTON PRESS COMFY IS prepared to COMPRESS COTTON for Transportation or Storage, at SI.25 per bale. By this system of compressing, there is a saving to the shipper of a per centage in freight, and preventing loss by wear and tear. Orders taken at Press, ad? joining South Carolina Railroad Depot, Co? lumbia, by A. S. TRUMBO, Of firm Webb, Ayer & Trumbo, Factors, Charleston, S. C. S&- Presses in Charleston, East end of Hasel street, bv. G. W. HATSTAT, Agent. March 31 STEAMBOAT LINE ^?^=5M? FROM Columbia to Charleston. THE NEW and LIGHT DRAFT STEAM? ERS "GEORGE" and "COLUMBIA" are now prepared to make engagements to take freight from Granby Landing to Charleston. Advances or insurance made, if desired, to Charleston or New York. Applv to A. L. SOLOMON, Or " TH?S. L. CRAWFORD, March 15 2mo Airen ts. The Southern Guardian. POSTMASTERS who have heretofore acted as agents in procuring subscrip? tions to tue above named journal, will please prepare lists and forward to the undersigned at Columbia. Persons who desire to subscribe will forward" their names. Subscriptions to be paid on re? ceipt of ftie first number. March 22 C. P. PELHAM,_Proprietor._ jAmbrotypes, &c. A AI B ROT Y PES, Ac, for the people, ono and all, at prices to suit every? body-ruugingfroni Si to $5, with case-at tho new Sky-light Galle? ry, South of Blakely A Copeland's store, ! ??ain street. Call and give tho operator a j trial. .1. G. GLADDEN. March 8 Paint3, Oils, Window Glass. &c. AGENERAL assortment of the above, together with a full stock of BRUSHES j of every variety. In store and for sale cheap tor cash by _ DIAL .v_POPE. Premium Platform Scales. AFULL supply of PLATFORM SCALES, capacity from 400 to 1,200 pounds. In store and for sale cheap for cash by Fehl DIAL A POPE._ " J? H. HESSE, CANDY MANUFACTURER, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL IFRENCH and ITALIAN CONFECTION . ARV, Fancy Goods, Toys, Fruit ??, Ac. Variety too numerous to mention. Corner I of Plain and Marion streots, East of the | Baptist Church._ March 24 Imo NOTI?B. PARTLES wish? ing to TRAVEL to ~ ' Edgefield C. H. or anv intc....-.ediate point, can be accommo? dated by applying to R. O'BRIEN, South side Gervais st., near Assembly. March 17 Imo* NOTICE TO MILL-OWNERS. THE subscribers, aro prepared to furnish | tb order, at short notice: BELTING, of all kinds and widths. BOLTING CLOTHS, of all numbers. SMUT MACHINES, all sizes. CIRCULAR SAWS, all sizee. AND Have in store a full supplv of SAW and | GRIST MILL IRONS, MACHINERY OILS, ?tc. Persons wanting the above goods will ] find it to their advantage to call on us be- ] fore purchasing, as we are prepared to I offer them inducements. JVhirchJ7 DIAL A POPE._ OAS ??tg.TWB&S. ASMALL INVOICE of GAS FIXTURES, consisting of one and two light Pen? dants, one, two and three Swing Brackets, Reading Lights, new style Shades, Burn erOrders taken for CHANDELIERS at Phi? ladelphia prices. W. B. STANLEY. Feb 13 _ Hardware. THE subscribers would rcspoctfuUy in-. form the citizens of Columbia and vicinity, that they have opened their stock i of HARDWARE, PAINTS, OILS, WIN? DOW GLASS, &c, to which thov would I ask thc attention of purchasers, cheap for cash. ' DIAL & POPE. ! JNGEHSOU/S P?atl Cotton, Wool an W. K. BROWNE. F. M. SCHIUMER. BROWNE & mwm, ATTCTIONEEBS AND GENERAL COMMISSION AND FORWARDING MERCHANTS, COLOMBIA, S. C., HAVING located themselves at this j point for thc transaction of the above named business, would respectfully solicit consignment of MERCHANDIZE of all descriptions, either for public or private sale. Particular attention paid to th? sale of REAL ESTATE, STOCKS. BONDS, Ac. Having a large and commodious Brick Warehouse, wo are prepared to receive, store and forward all kinds of Merchandize. Wc have made arrangements to keep constantly on hand a large supply ot HAY anti GRAIN of all descriptions." We re? spectfully offer our services to our city and country friends. All orders filled with promptness and despatch. ?S~ Y'dger's new store, Main street. March 14 Imo_ Notice. JOHN C. SEEGERS, of Columbia, is my Sole Agent for the sale of the different kinds of BISCUITS, CRACKERS and PILOT BREAD manufactured by me. He will sell them at Charleston wholesale prices, freight added. J. C. H. CLAUSSEN. Charleston, January 27, 18G6. TUST received a lot of SODA, CON? GRESS, SEED. Sugar, Wine, Lemon, Butter, Pic-Nic Biscuits, and Pilot Bread. Jan 31_JOJ3NC. SEEGERS. LUDWIG & KEATINGE, ENGRAVERS & LITHOGRAPHERS, CORNER NINTH ANH BROAD SIS.', RlolimoTi <rl, "V^. Jan 30_3m o H. E. NICHOLS, GENERAL INSURANCE j Corner of Assembly and Washington Sis., COLUMBIA, S. C., REPRESENTS a number of the best both Northern and Southern-compa? nies, possessing an aggregate capital of over. $23,000,000. LIFE, FIRE, MARINE, INLAND AND ACCIDEN? TAL RISKS taken on equi? table terms, and all losses promptly paid. ggpTolicies made payable in Gold or Currency ."f?? March 1 6mo* INSURE YOUR LIVES. APOLICY OF LIFE INSURANCE IS 1 THE CHEAPEST AND SAFEST MODE of making a certain provision for one's family. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN: Nothing is so uncertain as life. No provision is perfect that is contingent upon the duration of your life, which is not immediate. The only IMMEDIATE provision is that providedbv LIFE INSURANCE. It provides a SECURITY to the family of every man engaged in business. It is a species of property that costs nothing but the premiums; it requires no repairs, has no taxes, caUs for no outlays, and its conditions do not change. Call on H. E. NICHOLS, Agent for the following OLD, RELIABLE and POPU? LAR LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES: ?TNA, OF HARTFORD, CONN., Asset? 82,000,000. GLOBE, OF NEW YORK, Assets, nearly $3,000,000. NORTH CAROLINA MUTUAL, OF RA? LEIGH, Assets, nearly 91,000,000. CORNER OF WASHINGTON AND AS? SEMBLY STREETS, COLUMBIA, S. C. Jan 18 3m_ Engine, etc., for Sale. A FIVE-HORSE ENGINE, in running J\_ order, with pulleys, etc., for salo low. Apply at this office. " Dec 21 1BIE H&N0-P0WE8 d Fodder Press. THIS PRESS will put 500 pounds of Cotton or 800 pounds i<f Wool in the following space: 60x27x30 ^ inches, and with three good hands, will turn out :i bale every fifteen minutes. The above can be *e?.Mi at Ameri? can Hay and Cotton Pres?. Colum? bia,-where orders will be received to duplicate the name by A, S, TRURO, AGENT. BAGGING, ROPE .and TWINE tot sale CHEA?. ;?JUNG OFF AT Reduced Prices TO MAKE ROOM FOR SPRING & SUMMBB STOCK. WHOLESALE AND KETAtL DEAIXBS I> Dry Goods, CLOTHING GROCERIES! OFFER THEIR STOCK Ari\ CONSISTING OF: AGOOD assortment of PRINTS, of al colors and qualities. DELADiES, POPLINS. French and English MERINO. * Black and Colored ALPACA. DEBEGE, LINDSEYS. Opera, White and Red All-wool and Cot? ton FLANNEL. GLNGHAM, JACONET, SWISS MUSLIN. JEANS, CAMBRICS. PAPER CAMBRICS. Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPUN. Linen and Cotton SHEETING. PILLOW-CASLNG, TICKING. SHAWLS, LADIES' CLOAKS. HATS and BONNETS, tr'mcd and tmt'd. BONNET FRAMES, RIBBONS. FLOWERS, FEATHERS, RUCHES. BUGLE and other Fancy Dress and Cloak Trimmings. . Handkerchief?jCHoyes, Hosiery. Cuffs, Collars, Hair Nets. y Breakfast Shawls, Sontags. Hoop and Balmoral Skirts. Corset;.. Veils, Coate's and Clark's Spool Cotton. ALSO, A FULL LIN OF GENTS FURNISMM GOODS t ? Over, Business and Black Frock COATS PANTS and VESTS of all qualities. White Linen and Woolen OVER-SHIRT Shaker, Merino, Woolen and Cotton UNDER-SHIRTS and DRAWERS. Socks, Suspenders, Collars, Wristbands Neck-Ties, Pocket Handkerchiefs. Hats an tl Caps. Fine Pigged and Sewed Boots. Gaitera and Shoes. Together with a large and well-selecte stock of Plain and Fancy O-roceries, FLOUR, BACON, CHEESE, BUTTER. LARD, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR. Whole and Ground Spices, Candles. Fancy and Common Soaps. Soda, Indigo, Copperas, Blue Stone. Madder and Logwood. Plain and Fancy Crackers.. Herrings and Mackerel, by half barrel and kit. Sweet Oil, Yeast Powderb. Carbonate of Soda, Concentrated Lye. Fancy and Plain Candies. Sugar and Fancy Toys, Sardines. s Kerosene Oil. Cotton and Wool Cards. Pocket and Table Cutlery, scissors. Tobacco and Segars. Together with a largo assortment o? goods usually kept, and too numerous to mention. ALSO, UN HAND, A large stock of WATCHES, CLOCKS. SPECTACLES, &e. Watches, Clocks and Jewelry repaired. Old GOLD and SILVER bought. New and second-hand WATCHES bought. AGENTS FOR KALB'S PATENT LIMBS. HARTMAN'S PATENT ELASTIC CRUTCH. And FAIRBANKS SCALES. Assembly Street, BETWEEN PLAIN* WASHINGTON