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Sunday Morning, January 20, 1867. TI?e Tra? "Protection'* for (he .South. The New York World notices that Mr. Horace Greeley has been lectur? ing in Pittsburg, and iu other places, on "Protection." He advised the Pittsburgians "not to expect much J from thc present Congress," which shows that Mr. Greeley, at any rate, has a proper appreciation of that body. He believes, however, that "the South, within ten years, will be a strongpillarlo favor of 'protection" ic American industry," and, if he believes that, he ?viii believe any? thing, even his subsequent statement, that the protectionists "will be ena? bled to show the muss of producers in the great West that their'interests are bound up in the thrifty growth of manufactures." It is true, ns the World says, that the South is turning a marked atten? tion to manufactures, lt is stated that some seventy or eighty cotton mills, besides some woolen mills, are now iu process of erection in the Southern States. The radical policy towards this section of thc country has produced political apathy, and all the energy of the people crops out now in au eagerness to develop their? resources and to add to their material wealth. The" World truly asserts that, as a manufacturer of cotton, the South has every advantage over the North, excepting capital, and capital never hesitated to go where remunerative returns are absolutely certain. The great advantage at the South will be the saviug in transportation of the staple. From the field to thc mill, possibly on the same ground, is a shorter aud cheaper transit than from the field to the sea-port or freight depot, aud thence hundreds of miles to the New Fugland manufacturers. The World comes to the [conclusion that getting rid of the commissions, the middle-men and transit of all kinds, will be more protection than the most protective tarin* the wildest protectionist ever dreamed of. These views coincide with those frequently expressed in the columns of the Phcp.nix. We do not doubt that the tax on raw cotton will result in the production of fewer bales, and the end may bc that all the cotton raised at the South may be manufac? tured here, and leave the spindles aud operatives of Lowell idle and unprovided for. STATIC OF FEELING HERE.-A spe? cial despatch to the Evening Post says that (icu. Sickles' testimony be? fore tho Congressional Committee, in relation to affairs in South Caro? lina, is very strung. He declared that many Districts in South Carolina required constant military control, to secure to the freedmen any of their rights. The General may be better inform? ed than we are on thc condition of affairs, but, so far as our knowledge extends, the freedmen ordinarily get mou than their rights. Perhaps it was on this reported testimony (the report of which we doubt) that the order was issued to send Gea. Miles' colored regiment to this State. Thc trial of the negro Horace Gree? ley for the murder of Ii. S. Rhett, Esq., last July, began Friday last, in Charleston. It is the first capital case tried here under the new crimi? nal code. The Court assigned ?. S. Senator Campbell and other eminent counsel to defend tue prisoner. The evidence for the prosecution is chiefly by negroes, and conclusive of the prisoner's guilt. The trial excited much interest, the court room being densely crowded. Horace was con? victed of murder, but his alleged ac? complice was acquitted. Under the provisions of the new code, the pri? soner made a statement on the wit? ness stand. St, M icliael s chimes will scon be heard again, as the bells were shipped from Liverpool for Charleston, on their fifth voyage across thc Atlantic, on the 20th ult. FIRE AT BEAUFORT, S. ' C.-Ou Thursday, the ITth iust., a fire broke out in the largo steam ginnery of H. M. Stuart, sr., at Beaufort, S. C., by which the building was destroyed, together with most of its coutents. Mr. Stuart succeeded in saviug most of his machinery, together with eleven bales of ginned cotton. Loss about $10,00); insurance $5,000. [Charleston Courier. A New Enterprise. We observo by our exchanges that a number of gentlemen of Baltimore and Richmond have formed them? selves into nu association for the re? lief of the widows and orphans of thc Southern States. We lind the fol? lowing in the proceedings of the Richmond City Council last week: "Gen. Rosser being introduced to the Council, after paying a handsome tribute to thc people ol' Baltimore the ladies especially-mentioned tho formation of a Southern Orphan As? sociation there, with thc object of establishing an asylum for the or? phans of Southern soldiers and sail? ors. After due deliberation on the part of thc members of the Associa? tion, it was determined to make Rich? mond the place for thc asylum. He had bern .sent on as a managing director to makea proposition to the Council by which the funds of the Association could be considerably en? hanced. The house formerly occu? pied by Mr. Jefferson Davis was owned by thc city of Richmond, and the proposition in view was that the property be turned over to the Asso? ciation at a stipulated price and upon stated terms. Tin1 Association could, after getting possession of tin; pro? perty, rallie it oil'at a great profit/ He (Gen. Rosser) communicated with thc ladies of the Association in Balti? more, and they succeeded in securing thc efforts of a gentleman ol' influ? ence at Washington. That gentle? man had written bim a note, telling | bim that there was a good chanco for the release of the property in sixteen or eighteen days. During the discus? sion, it was shown that the house, lot and furniture bad cost the citv, in 1861, $12,200-$7,-200 of which'luid been paid for the furniture. Thc property had been assessed atS2S,796 in 1861. Several propositions were put to the Council amt rejected, and the motion of Mr. Saunders, making a sale of the property to Gen. Rosser, as agent for the Orphan Association, for $10,000, or $35,000 without the furniture, was carried." The plan for founding this asylum isas follows: 500,000 certificates, of $1 each, will be sold, and OD the 1st May next, or before, if all the tickets are disposed of sooner, a drawing will be held in the city of Richmond, nuder the superintendence of the Mayor and a committee of the Coun? cil, at which 2,000 prizes, none of less than $100, will be awarded. Among the prizes to be awarded is I the above-named mansion, valued at I $-40,000; the Stretton! House, with j 1,000 acres of laud, thc homestead of the Lee family and the birth-place of j Gen. Lee, valued at $20,000; 1,000 acres of land, adjoining the same j tract, valued at $"?,000. Besides these, j 1 there are prizes of 200 pianos, 200 ! I melodeons, 500 gold watches, 100 j cotton gins, and 500 sewing ma j chines. Gen. Rosser liars been chosen i manager. Wc hope the people of the South will give this enterprise their cordial support. -?-?.?-? ALABAMA.-The Alabama Legisla? ture re-assembled on the 1-lth. The message of Governor Patton is brief, not occupying more than a half column in the Montgomery papers, and relates entirely to State matters. His recent visit to thc North, which, j it was charged at thc time, bad some? thing to do with politics and the pro? posed constitutional amendment, appears to have been successful in a financial point of view, and to have secured a measure of relief to the sufferingpoor of that Commonwealth We copy lae cou.-hiding portiou of the message: ."Tn passing by Washington city, I availed myself of the opportunity of making known, by personal repre? sentations to the President ami Secre? tary ol' War, the continued destitu? tion which prevails in our State, and the urgent necessity for further assistance at the hands of the ( relierai Government. The application for additional relief was favorably-re? sponded to. An order was issued for a liberal amount of supplies for the months of February and March, ar? rangements having been previously made for January. It is hoped that by the aid tims generously furnished, wc will be so far enabled to meet tho wants of thc helpless destitute during the present winter as to be saved the necessity of supplying them by thc State in its depressed condition." Two cereremonials of great interest recently took place in Paris. At the Hotel des invalides the veterans and pensioners assembled in the chapel, around the remains of Napoleon I., twenty-six years having elapsed since they were brought back from St He? lena, by thc order of Louis Phillippe. On the same day, at the Chapel of the Sorbonne, thc few remains there arc left of Cardinal Richelieu were returned to the splendid mausoleum in which they were laid over two cen? turies ago, aud from which they were taken by thc mob during thc revolu? tion. Thc restoration of the bones to their resting place was witnessed by the celebrities of Trance amid great poinp. Wti?.t General (jrant Say? Thc Louisville corrcspondcut of the Cincinnati Gazelle has conversed with the Arkansas radical delegation, who had gone to Washington to have their State set hack into a territorial condition. This correspondent, whose despatch is dated the 11th instant, gives the following as the delegation's report of what (len. Grant said to them at the diuuer table ot* Secretary Seward : Gen. Grant, who was very reticent in political matters, frankly stated to thom he knew nothing of political affairs, and was totally ignorant of the sophistlies of politicians. Re? garding the constitutional amend? ment, theGeneral declined to express any opinion as to its justice, consti? tutionality or expediency, but said he would like for at least ono South? ern State to adopt it, as an experi? ment, to see if its Senators and Rep? resentatives would he admitted to seats in Congress; at the same time expressing the opinion that they would be admitted. He also stated that, at the commencement of Con? gress, ho urged upon prominent mem? bers, if they intended to make the adoption, on the part of the South? ern States, ol' the amendment tho couditioti precedent the re-admission, they ought to pass a resolution to that effect, solemnly pledging Con? gress to receive tito Senators and Representatives info that hedy. . If they dill not take some snell step, they could not expect th<- Southern people to take a ste}) that might be preliminary to others that, would lead them they knew not where. Ou the negro suffrage question he w as more decided, stating that he believed that was a question that should be left wholly and entirely with the people of the several States; that Congress, in his opinion, had no right to inter? fere in that matter; and emphatically declared, if the question came up in Illinois, and he were there to vote, he would certainly vote against it. But, he said, smiling, if he were in one of the Southern States, he be? lieved he would vote for it. for lie wa? satisfied that he could march the ne? groes up to the polls and vote them as he pleased, and would thus be gain? ing instead of losing political power. FREEDMEN GOING.-The Sumtei WatcHnnan says: The labor question, in our District, remains still in a very unsettled con dition. Very many of our planter. are unable yet to perfect their plant ing arrangements for the present year. Great restlessness and desire foi change have been manifested on tin part of the freedmen, and maiij plantations have been entirely evacu ated by them. lu some instances they have left without alleged com plaint or grievance, and where thei: earnings were largest from the year'; labor. There will, no doubt, be les: laud cultivated the present than wai the past year. It is to be boped, how ever, that better seasons and bette; .cultivation will largely increase tin product. The Kingstree Star has the follow ing on the same subject: For the past two weeks, onrvillagt and its surroundings have been in tested with the negroes who are con gregating here preparatory to mi grating to Texas, and we believe som are destined for Florida. Among thi mass of bone and sinew, maj'be seei the gray-haired, decrepid old mei and women, tottering with age an< infirmity, and the infant at its mo tin r's breast. We feel a solicitud' for these poor, ignorant wanderers who have been reared among us They are carried away with the ide: of going to what they are told is : better country, and many of them we believe, with the notion that peo plo can live there without laboring T'ney are enjoying themselves, appa rently, at this time, if one may j mig from the manner in which they loung about. They are to be seen at almos every street coiner, with a piece o bacon, and a ludicrous griu cn thei countenances, indicative of a ful stomach and nothing to do. Man; of them, no doubt, think the day c "Jubalo am cum." - ? i ? - PROTEST AGAINST THE TARIFF. - We learn from some of the Main journals that the ship-builders of tba State are proposing convention a Augusta this winter to take into cou sideration the disadvantages undc which that branch of manufactur labors in consequence of the presen tariff. It is proposed to petitio: Congress to pass an Act allowiug drawback on many of the dutiabl articles which enterintothe construe tion of ships, the ship-builders t pay, in tho first instance, the dutie on those articles, and when the sui] is complete, to draw from tho Go vernmeut au amount equal to th duties paid. The following gentlemen have beej chosen as tho Town Council of Lian rons for tho ensuing year: Intendan -Dr. John il. Henry. Wardens A. Mairs, John Kyle, J. J. Davis am Edward Hix. A new counterfeit twenty dolla bill on the Fourth National Bank Philadelphia, has made its appear ance in the West. ANOTHER WAK.-Tho Richmond Times says: Wo did not think that nuy man in liiis senses would believe or avow that the South was desirous of another ! war. Yet there arc men at the North 1 who unblushingly avow that wc aro; preparing for another "rebellion." All the fools are evidently not dead, and when such a maa as Beast Butler gives currency to the accusation, he forces us to doubt whether his wis? dom exceeds his audacity. Thc people of the North have been dosed nd nauseam with a good many rough yarns about us. both by their press e.nd politicians, but wc do not think they ar(; such stupid asses as to believe (even when the assertion is made by such a veracious prophet as Butler) that we are contemplating another war. Thc Bete t Juts been always noted as a v.-n nervous ?md apprehensive warrior, and. perhaps, like? that steed spoken of in Isaiah, "he snuffs battle timi danger afar otb"' A charge like thc one we have been commenting upon is so supremely ridiculous ami absurd, that it only excites a smile in ali who read it, and causes a feeling of pity and contempt for lin folly or dishonesty of those who make it. Wilt those wiseacres who dread another rebellion jilease tell us how we are to get up one? With most of oar young men slain or maimed; with our arms gone, resources exhausted, credit destroyed, and all our strong places garrisoned by Federal troops, does any sane man believe that there is (biiiger ff another war? Thc man who asserts such a proposition simply c<ui im it s self-stultification. We borrow from an exchange the following concentrated "milk in the cocoa-nut" of a recent affair in Mem? phis, occupying more columns in thc papers of that city than we have i leisure to wade through: j "One of the Beecher family - Dr. Peyton D. Beecher, of Memphis-has gotten into a very ugly predicament. lie is md only in this ugly predica? ment-he is also in jail. Among the adventurers who cami' South with thc Federal armies was Dr. Beecher. He stopped in Memphis. The pro? perty of Dr. Farly, a Confederate surgeon, was sold for United State's taxes, and Beecher bought it. "After the war, Dr. Farly went back to Memphis, and attempted to recover his property, offering to pay j all expenses. Fearing that he would i succeed, Mr. Be? cher determined to j get him out of thc way, and hired a fellow named Walker H. Rockford to murder him. Reckford, concluding after a while, that he could make more money out of Farly than out of Beecher, made a full confession of tho conspiracy to thc former, not knowing that four or five of the most prominent citizens of Memphis were listening to Iiis story. Beecher ami Rockford were arrested, the grand jury found true bills against them, and tlicy ure now in jail. Beechei has been one of the noisiest of thc Memphis radicals since thc war end? ed, and hence nobody is surprised t< j lind him in the hands of thc law, witl: ; a fair prospect of going to the peni? tentiary." THE IMPEACHMENT. -The corres? pondent of the Baltimore Sun says: Thc House Committee on the Ju? diciary lui ve examined several volun? teer witnesses on thc impeachment question, but none have yet beer subpoenaed. lt is now stated by those who pro? fess to have learned the plans of tin leaders in thc impeachment scheme, that, having come to the conclusior that there cannot be a conviction ii: the Senate, even though the Pre? sident should be brought before thal body on an impeachment by th< House, the leaders mentioned have determined to pass a law jirovidinj. that, when articles of impeachment are prepared, thc party charged shal be immediately suspendedin thc exe cution of his official duties, and an other placed in lits office until tin trial is over. Fader such a law, it is claimed Un. mere passage of the bill in the Honst would suspend Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Wade would bc selected as the ad in? terim President. By prolonging tin trial until the 4th of March, 1869. Mr. Johnson would bc effectually le gislated cut of office, and in tlu meantime, the territorial and othct measures intended for thc reconstruc? tion (d' tia South could bc passed, Such is the outline of thc plan now proposed. A Wheeling p: >rsays: We heard, yesterday, of a young man in this city who is but twenty years of tige, being married, a few days ago, to ti lady only sixty-one years old. A gaj couple, that. The medal proposed by thc work ing people of France, in honor ol Abraham Lincoln, was presented te Mrs. .Lincoln on th 7th inst., without any show or ceremony. The first house in Sedalia, Misson ri. was built in LSOO. Statistics just published in the local papers show ti population of 3,500. It is believed that the emigration to America from Ireland and the Con? tinent, the coming spring and sum mer, will bc the greatest on record. Immigration is still pouring inte Texas from all parts of the olde] States. There were nineteen weddings ii: Concord,N. H., on Christmas day. BRAZILIAN EMIGRATION.-A lotter ? to the Missouri Republican, from uu | American in Brazil. Province of San ! Paulo, says: "Of course your readers wish to ! know if 1 would advise them to come ! to Brazil. I answer, emphatically, i no. 1 am here and expect to stay till \ I seo more of it. After this. I may! become satisfied t<> remain here, but ii I were now in the States, and knew as much of Brazil as 1 do, I would never come to it. Yet I believe that a young man of energy, who is willing to forego all the advantages of so? ciety, and to undergo all the hard? ships and privations that are to be encountered here, eau come here, and in a few years make a handsome little fortune -enough, atleast, togive him a good start, in business in some civilized and Christian country, if he should cl loose to leave tii is benighted land. 1 ?ut as for bringing a wife and children here at present, at least, 1 could not and would not advise any one. A few American families are in Brazil. Others are expected soon. Vet immigration from tito Southern States, we are beginning to think, will not bc very large. Should what ! families that are here now congregate into one neighborhood, and they bo joined by others from the States, so as to ;? i ve an American caste to the society of any one location. 1 might "fieinduced to bring my family her"." The proffered mediation of Eng? land aud France in the Paraguayan war haviog beeu rejected, thc United States has instructed its Ministers in tho portion of South America where the war is waging to try to mediate between the belligerents. Brazil seems to bo the obstacie to peace. Site is making enormous exertions to raise new armies and carry on the i war, and lias thus far listened-to no I proposals for mediation or truce, no mattel- from what quarter they have ' come. The New York correspondent of i the Mobile Advertiser, in his account! of the New England dinner says: "Neither Butler nor Banks were at j the table. There is a rumor that the proprietor of Irving Hall stipulated that Butha- should not attend. His stock of silverware is large and vala? ble. The reason of Bank's absence is said to have been an apprehension in the minds of the committee that the supply of liquors ordered would give out early if he were at the table."' THE NEGRO FARMING IN ALABAMA. Speaking of negro fanning in that section, the Selma Messenger says: "We know a number of negroes who leased lauds for last season, and weut to work upon them nuder favorable circumstances-we do uot know of one whoso crop was suflicicnt to sub? sist bini until Christmas." EMIGRATION FROM ALABAMA.-The Marion Commonwealth says: "Thc roads of Perry aie tilled with emi? grants going Westward. Seawell's Branch, a mile West of Marion, has reflected the light of movers' t amp tires almost every night for a week j past. Some parts of Alabama are becoming rapidly depopulated. The Methodist Centenary collec? tion now foots up over $3,800,000, and it is not all in vet. It will pro? bably reach $4,000,000. Of this sum, Daniel Drew, of New York, gave ?500,000; Mr. Baldwin, of Ohio, $300,000; Mr. Bich, of Boston, $75, 000, and many others from ?20,000 to 850,000 each. Beecher's annual sale of pews and aisle-seats at his church was held on Tuesday night, the 8th inst. The first chance sold for 8550. Premiums were mostly four or live times greater than the assessed valuation of the various pews. The receipts from pew-letting this vear will exceed S10, 000. The citizens of Lincoln, one of the richest Counties in Tennessee, are making active efforts to build a rail? road from Fayetteville to Huntsville, Ala., so as to bring themselves in direct communication with Memphis via the Memphis and Charleston Bail road. ANOTHER RAYMOND.-A correspon? dent of the Tribune, in writing from Washington about a measure, says: "Bingham will make a speech against the bill to-morrow, but will vote for it." Funny dogs, those Congress? men. Solomon in all his glory was not much like them. A daily newspaper man, who lias just got out of the traces, says ho is becoming quite well acquainted with his family. Ho discovered, to bis surprise, that his daughter could play upon the piano. He never had time to discover the fact before. The Mississippi papers take leave of Gen. T. J. Wood, late commander of the department, with many ex? pressions of regret and many compli? ments paid to his official action while discharging among them a delicate and difficult duty. A wliito man and three negroes were taken from the Green County ?ai!, in North Carolina, on Tuesday last, by a bodj of armed men, and lynched. They were charged with outraging the person of a Mrs. Mil? ler. Nearly all the presses of thc Paris mint are employed in coining small money for the wants of trade, the pieces being 2f., If., 50c. and 25 Several millions aro struck off every day. Local T-torsciS. Thc Phoniz office 13 ou Main .?treet, a tow doors above Taylor (or Camdon) street. It may bo of interest to the cotton planters of Lexington to know that they can dispose of their crops be the quan? tity ever so onad at market prices, at f bc Saluda Facto y. Om HEAD SO LOOM.-Our friends are invited to visit the I'hvuiix reading room, where they will lind on Hie jiapers and periodicals from every section of the Union. The building is open day and night. TUE MILLS Hoi .-.. A sojourn of a few days at this model hotel satisfied us that its former reputation is tully kept up. Every train and boat arriving in the city brings a deputation to thc "Mills," which alfords thc Very best, evidence of the fa? vorable opinion entortan ed of it by the traveling public. bi'N'r LET IT (lo Orr ur Pm NT. -Tho only truthful and authentic account of the sack and destruction of Columbia, written by one of Smith Carolina's most compe? tent men, all the incidents being noted on the spot at the time. Your children will bc glad to get a copy at any prier*. For sale at tim Plucnix office. COLUMBIA VARIETIES. An amateur band with thc above title has been organized, and propose to give a concert, in Janney's Hall, on Tuesday- evening next. The first part of the performance will bb in white faces. As- thc mcmbi rs aro old hands, at the bellows, a pleasing entertainment may be expected. Among tho performers aro Messrs. JosephDenck and John Rawls, jr. FATAL AFFRAY. -We learn bypassengers on the Greenville Hoad that a difficulty occurred near Chappell'* Depot, nn Friday last, between Stanmore Chappell and a man named Payne, which resulted in tho death of the former and the ssvere wound? ing of the latter. A freedman was also killed in the affray. Wo have not learned the fall particulars, and therefor? refrain from further comment. A LITTLE IN ADVANCE OP LEAI> YEAR. The following is n ra-badm copy of a docu i meut take.! from a poekot-hook found in thc streets, and which, it was afterwards proven, belonged to a freedman. The writer must have thought that this was leap year: my Dear i am abclicge to tell you my mind i cud be a hapy sold in this world if i cud col you mind and you wood cold mo yous when you look at this think on mc lier love you so well your freud Km mar to my "dear Chair. RELIGIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.- Trinity Church Rev. P. J. Shand, 10} a. m. and 3} p. m. Presbyterian Church-Dr. William S. Plumer, 10} a. m. and 3} p. tn. St. Peter's Church -Rev. J. J. o connell, 10 a. m. and 3} p. ni. Lutheran Church -Rev. A. P.. Rude, IO.} a. m. Theological Seminary, (Christ Church Congregation)-Rev. .1. M.Pringle, Rector, 10A a. m. and 3} p. m. Washington Street Chapel - hov. Wm. Martin, 10} a. m. Kev. I). J. Simmons, 3} p. m. baptist Church-Rev. Dr. Reynolds, 10} a. m. and 7 p. m. Marion Street Church- Kev. D. J. Sim? mons, 10} a. m. Rev. Wm. Martin, 3} p. m. Tm: COLUMBIA CANAL.-It has been sug? gested to us to propose lo owners of land, on either side of the Columbia Canal, to aid hy their liberality in making it a valua 1 bio property and a highly beneficial ad? junct to the prosperity of our city and vi? cinity. If the owners of property would donate respectively the small portion of it adjoining thc canal, as provided for hythe Act of the General Assembly, or if those who cannot afford to do this would sell at a low price, we have no doubt the canal Would soon be used as the pawer to drive one (and perhaps more) extensive fac? tories. All such enterprises ought to be encouraged and promoted, especially at this time, and the hind owners referred to could contribute most efficiently m the mode above indicated. CORON KU'S INQUEST THE BODY-FOUND ts FISHER'S POND.-Coroner Walker having received information with reference to thc finding of a body in Fisher's Mill Pond, ot: Thursday last, he immediately proceeded to investigate the matter, and, it is be? hoved, has been successful in clearing np tho mystery. It appears that the unfortu? nate man was Dr. J. Rasky, a dentist, who resided in Columbia several years ago, but more recently in Fernandina, Florida. From thc evidence adduced before the jury, it appears that thc deceased had bees laboring under mental aberration for some time. He had been boarding at Nicker son's Hotel a few days, but was missed from there about thc 30th of December, although he has been seen by different per? sons as late as Monday last-at that time in the vicinity of tho pond where, the body was found-all of whom testify that he acted very strangely. No marks of vio? lence could be found a thorough examina? tion having been mad.' by Dis. Templeton and Reynolds. The jury returned a ver? dict that tho deceased came to his death from sonic cause unknown to them. Tho body was taken in charge hy tic- Masons and tho religious denomination with which thc unfortunate man had been connected. NKV, ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is cab? ed to the following advertisements, which are published this morning for thc first time: Columbia Lodge Funeral. Dr. R. NV. Gibbes Removed, columbia Varieties Entertainment.