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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, February 27, 1867, Image 2

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00 LFM BT A.
Wednesday Morning, Feb. 27,1867.
Thc So-called Reconstruction Ulli.
One of tho most noteworthy inci?
dents connected with tho passage of
the military government bill was tho
vote and the explanation of Hon.
Reverdy Johnson, of Maryland, who
voted for the measure, although he
argued most vigorously against its
tyrannical usurpations, because he
saw in it thc only hope for the ad?
mission of the Southern States.
Mr. Johnson is an able and expe?
rienced statesman and lawyer, and,
we believe, au honest politician. Ho
is said to be in the confidence of the
President, and therefore much im?
portance has been attached to his
vote, and tho remarks he made, on
the occasion of passing the Sherman
bill; but we believe that his anxiety
to see the Southern States restored
blinded him to the fact, that sundry
provisions of the bill, which clearly
and plainly indicate that reconstruc?
tion, or restoration of the Southern
States, was the very thing the joint
originators and engineers of the mea?
sure intended to defeat, at least until
after the next Presidential election,
if not for an indefinite period.
We .were at first disposed to come
to the samo conclusion-that thc
most odious features of the origina'
hill having boen modified, this', per
haps, should be accepted as the bes!
terms the suffering and excludec
States could obtain from the radica
majority. The appointment of tin
Southern military governors having
been given to the President, insteac
of to the General of the army; hi;
final approval of thc sentence of th<
military tribunals authorized by tin
bill, and the recognition of tho wri
of Jiubeas corpus, all tended to per
suade us that its provisions wouh
probably be the mose favorablo tba
would be conceited to the South lr
this or thc next Congress, which, tin
radicals have ordained by law, wil
meet on Monday next, the 4th pros
We are not sure, as at present ad
vised, that the President will not ap
prove the bill under protest, or tba
he will veto it, and suggest anothe
plan; but in either case, judgin
from the temper of both houses c
Congress, as evinced by their actio
in regard to this measure, wc nee
not hope for any enactment, bookin
to reconstruction, less onerous an
degrading to the South than it pr<
vides for.
But as a measure of reconstructioi
it is a misnomer to call it so. Tv
agree with the Baltimore Sun, in n<
ticing Senator Johnson's justificatio
of hie vote, that a calm examinatio
of the bill, and of tho motives an
declarations of those who passed i
tlat it does not mean, and none <
its manipulators understood it 1
mean, that the Southern States a]
to be admitted, under its provision
between this time and the next Pr
sidential election. The Sun says th;
it is the fixed determination of tho
in power to exclude the Southe)
States from any participation in th
election, ?nd that the bill is a devi,
so transparent that no intelligent mi
ought to be deceived in that partie
kr. The evidence is complete,
this regard, on the face of the bill :
self, as the fifth section clearly co
templates that the people in tho se\
roi States, in the Constitutions tb
may form, shall exclude from t
elective franchise those who had pi
ticipated in the rebellion, whi
means, of course, the white popu
tion, to an indefinite extent, with c
ceptions not now to be estimait
This fifth section extends the right
suffrage "to thc male citizens of st
State, twenty-one years and upwarc
of whatever race, color or previc
condition, who have been resident
said State for one year previous to t
day of such election, except such
may bc disfranchised for particij
tion in the rebellion," &c.
Our readers will seo in this clav
what is provided for ns at our el
tions next fall for members of t
Legislature. Such men as Gener
Hampton and Kershaw, Colon
McMaster, Wallace and other gall?
subordinate officers and privates
the Confederate army, will be
eluded from the polls, while any v
gar or illiterate negro will march
and deposit his vote.
This is bad enough; but it must
observed that what we think is
worst feature of thc bill, Shallab
ger's amendment, declares:
"That until the >eople of th
States shall be admitted to represen?
tation in Congress, 'any civil govern?
ments that may exist therein,' (which
of course includes all th1' e constitu?
tions they may form um this mili?
tary bill, as well as the present
governments,) 'shall be deemed pro?
visional only, and shall be in all
respects subject to the paramount
authority of the United States, at any
time to abolish, modify, control or
supersede the same; and in all elec?
tions to any office under such provi?
sional governments, all persons shall
be entitled to vote, and nono others,
who arc entitled to vote under the
provisions of the fifth section: and no
person shall be eligible to any oflice
under such provisional government
who would be disqualified from hold?
ing office under the provisions of the
third article of the constitutional
amendment.' "
It is almost needless to comment
ou this. Congress reserves to itself
the right at uny time to abolish, con?
trol or supersedo any State Govern?
ments which may bc initiated. It is
virtually a doom of exclusion forever,
if some revolutionary earthquake
does not overthrow these Satanic
-? -? ?- ?
Tl?c Military Hill und t ixe Presiden?.
We select the following from our
Northern exchanges, received yester?
day. The Halional Republican, (the
President's organ,) of Tuesday, says:
The bill providing for the estab?
lishment of military despotism over
ten States of the American Union,
"and for other purposes," touching
the next Presidential election, (see
Shellabarger's amendment,) reached
the President after 4 o'clock p. m.,
yesterday. This fact will probably
be a sufficient answer to the nume?
rous inquiries, made yesterday, why
he had not vetoed it. A bill of such
magnitude and importance requires
the most careful consideration, and
there can be no doubt that it will re?
ceive such attention from the Pre?
sident, notwithstanding tho imme?
diate pressure of public business
upon him.
The Washington correspondent ol
the Baltimore Sun says:
I understand that the message o!
tho President vetoing the Shermav.
bill may be expected to be sent tr
Congress about Wednesday of nex
week. The occasion presents an op
portunity for a scathing rebuke t<
the perpetrators of this outrage upoi
the Constitution, which I learn wil
be profitably employed. I predio
that this official paper will excel, ii
massive argument, any that has ye
emanated from thc present Execu
The correspondent of the Ne\
York Tribune, of Friday, says:
A protracted session of the Cabine
was held to-day, to consider the mili
tary reconstruction bill. The Pres
dent would sign the bill but for th
first section, which provides for d:
\ viding the ten States into five militai
districts. The other features of th
measure are not so objectionable, a
though he much preferred the simp!
Blaine amendment. It is understoo
that the Cabinet take nearly the sam
The most earnest supporters of th
reconstruction bill now in the bane
of the President, affirm that althong
he will veto the bill, he will, on Moi
day or Tuesday, return it to th
House of Representatives, in wilie
it originated, thus affording au o}
portunity for Congress to take actio
upon the measure.
The New York Times, of Saturda;
says editorially:
The opinion at Washington a
cepts as a certainty the veto of tl
j reconstruction bill. The President
j recorded opinions are so widely ;
I variance with its principles and pri
visions that any other course cou'
hardly be expected. He could m
sign it without either distinctly su
rendering his views of constitution
right or convicting himself of il
grant inconsistency. A veto will,
this instance, be the legitimate resn
of his position, and will occasion i
But though Mr. Johnson finds hil
self nuable to concur with the Co
gressional majority, it does not f<
low that his veto of a bili which w
nevertheless become law, should a
gr?vate the quarrel to which he is
party. It is in this connection tli
thc forthcoming message will
looked for with anxiety. Much i"
pends upon its tone. For it is coi
petent to the President, while vetoi
thc bill, to mitigate hostility, ul
impart faith in his purposes, or by
ill-judged display of temper, towid
the breach that separates him fr<
THE INCOME TAX.-The income t
is fixed at five per cent, on tho exc<
of all incomes over 61,OOO. In ad
tion to tho 81,000 exempted, are a
to bo exempted all national, Shi
County and municipal taxes ps
within the year, all losses actua
sustained during the 3-ear from fir
shipwreck, or trade, all bad doh
the amount actually paid for the r<
of house or premises occupied a
residence, and the amount paid
usual or ordinary repairs.
The Washington Republican si
; "the day is breaking." Let it bro
The Sherman Bill.
The New York Express is strong in
its denunciations of the infamous
provisions of this bill, and says it
should bc called a bill of the party in
power to keep ten States out of the
Union till after the next Presidential
election, unless thc whites of the
South consent to bo governed by ne?
Elemeut 1. The destruction of
State Governments, tho State Judi?
ciary, and State iaws of all kinds.
2. The substitution in lieu thereof
of live brigadier-generals, men of
epaulettes, "men on horseback."
3. The abrogation of every princi?
ple of British liberty, as laid down in
Blackstone, or won at Runnymede,
as extorted by the barons from King
John-as fought for by thc'Puritaus
even, under Cromwell-as died for by
Hampden and other British patriots
.-as guaranteed in the revolution of
our British fathers, that took a prince
from Holland and put him on the
British throne, and as solemnly set
forth in our Declaration of Independ?
ence and in the Constitution of the
United States, viz: the principies of
magna charta, thc right of petition,
the bill of rights, &c.
4. The President of the United
States (sec. 5) is clothed with absolute
power over the lives of 12,000,000
of human beings, without judge or
jury-for he creates the live govern?
ing brigadier-generals, and their mili?
tary commissions.
These horrible provisions of law,
known in British jurisprudence only
in the Tudor days of Henry the
Eighth, and unknown even in the
reign of the Stuarts-that species cf
law which Cromwell impos-.ed upon
Ireland, and which British people
are realizing the fruits of to this day
-in eternal insurrections and uni?
versal hatred-provisions adopted
from Austria, Turkey, Egypt, and
unknown, now, even in Prance or
Italy-powers more potent than even
the high Hiearchy of the Papal
Church ever grant even to the Pope
of Borne, are to be grapsed, and to
be held on to, until the South concurs
to the following conditions:
1. That universal suffrage be given
to male negroes, (all the while exclud?
ing women, even white women,) ne?
groes just emerged from slavery and
semi-barbarism, not so much qualified
tor suffrage, three-fourths of them,
as are our small children.
2. That the late rebel whites be dis?
Until these important conditions
are complied with, it will not be pos?
sible for the people of ten States tc
have any voice in the Government ol
the Union, or in the Government ol
their own States, against thc "men
on horseback" there. And even if al'
this is done-there is not one man ir
one hundred thousand from thoSouti
who can honestly take the test oat!
now required by law of a member o:
mittee appointed by Congress to in
quire into the murder of certaii
United States soldiers in South Caro
lina, report that there is no safety fo
Union men in tho Southern States
and that military rule is the only euri
for the evil. Never was a baser false
hood uttered. The President havinj
been called on for violations agains
thc civil rights bill, a few days since
reported only three cases. Report
were sent from all the departments
and three cases wer? only produced.
IN A HORN.-The following, whicl
we find in the Meridian Messenger
touches the raw, but is good for on
of the prevailing diseases of thi
country, which is regardless of coloi
Col. Horn pitches into lazy^peopl
like a tinicorn :
"A great many people are greatl
exercised about the negro's working
The way the negro works (or don
work) is the topic of conversatio
everywhere, where two or three ar
gathered together. The dispositio
of the negro to labor (or not to laboi
is watched with intense interest, b
those who seem to take no special ir
tei-est in anything else. We are sic
and disgusted with this everlastin
talk about the short-comings of th
colored population. In God's nami
can't out people elevate their thought
above the negro, or bestow them upo
worthier objects? We claim to fe<
as kindly towards the negro as li
deserves of us, and when wo seo hil
about to be engulphed and lost i
idleness and vice, we feel, we hope,
rational concern. But, at the sana
time, we honestly confess to the ii
stiucts which gives our own race tl
preference in all our thoughts. If w
are concerned about the dispositio
of the negro to do or not to do, y(
our concern sinks into indifferent:
compared with the concern we fe
for the conduct of the white. Whi
some are fretting and fuming abot
the laxy negroes they see in the towi
and villages, who refuse to contra?
and engage in regular eniploymen
we are immeasurably more distress?
at the sight of lazy white men and AVI
men. If negro, as a free mau, ?
all tho work and earn all the wages, 1
will prove himself the better man <
the two. We are anxious for tl
white man to assert his superiority i
all things by his works, and th ere foi
our anxiety for the white man to <:
to work."
following items from the Herald, of
Sunday, the latest dates from that
? It is stated from Bichmond that
Virginia will, very probably, be tho
i first of the Southern States to fall
I into line under thc new Congress
I ional plan of reconstruction. Gov.
Pierpont was in council with the
! State Senate last evening, and ad
! vised the speedy endorsement of the
j plan. His views seemed to meet
j with general approbation ninon g the
j members.
Senator Johnson, of Maryland, has
I received a letter from General Fitz
?John Porter, now in- New York,
I highly approving his course on the
I reconstruction bill, and stating that
i he had conversed with many in New
I York and New Jersey wko held tho
I same views as Mr. Johnson, who also
wore much pleased thereat, believing
? that the best interests of thc country
! were subserved by thc bill. Mr.
Johnson asserts that, in his belief,
had not this bill passed, or if it shr.il j
finally fail, that the next Congress j
will parcel out the lands of the South
among the negroes of that region.
The radicals in Congress having
achieved their groat measure of mili
tary governments over the States of
the South, were, on Friday, in re?
markable good humor. The House
of Representatives struck out a clause
in a Tennessee college bill, prohibit?
ing Confederate officers from holding
professorships in the institution, and
they repealed the cotton tax.
-. .- -
SOPKANOS.-Thc New York Evening
Gazette has a capital article on the
various styles of sopranos who sing
at our churches, and thus photo?
graphs the most offensive and best
known class of all:
A very numerous class, alack, is
that for which we can devise no more
expressive and truthful title than that
of the impudent soprano. This crea?
ture usually sings with energy, vigor,
and often with good taste, and is
popular with the congregation. In
the choir, however, sho is a besom of
destruction. To be associated with
her there is to bo tied up in a coffee
bag with a scorpion. She knows, in
her own opinion, far more than any?
body else in the choir. She wants to
sing all the solos, and is bitter and
uncharitable to every singer who at?
tempts one. As to other sopranos,
she is pitiless. She was never known
to say a kimi word to any professional
She refuses to sing the music se^
! looted for her by the chorister; and if
? he insists, she declares he is no gen?
tleman. Then she runs with a gar?
bled story to thc minister or music
committee, and assumes the air of
injured innocence generally. She is
generally spoken of as "a Tartar,"
which is an unjust aspersion upon a
remote and comparatively inoffensive
people of Asia. She affects great in?
timacy with the clergyman and bis
family. By her constant efforts af
predominance in the choir sho ac?
quires a masculine and forward style
of behavior, which she mistakes foi
dignified independence. She thinki
the other singers are intended bj
Providence as accompanists to he]
own singing, and is vehemently op
posed to singiu 5 any music not calen
lated to show off her own ability.
She is altogether a mysterious dis
pensatien of Providence-like mos
quitoes, small pox or the income tax
SMUGGLING.-The Government ha;
received information of the seizure o
a lot of hogsheads of sugar import?e
from Cuba, lauded at Bull's Bay
South Carolina, without payment o
duties, and then carried into tin
country. On seizing and openinj
them, each hogshead had a barrel ii
the centre of the sugar. Seven bar
reis were filled with West India rum
on which the duty was over 870 ;
barrel, and five barrels with high
priced segars, &e.
[Charleston Courier.
Collector of the Port has succeedei
in getting an appropriation of $30,
OOO, in addition to the 310,000 appro
priated last year, fer the purpose c
improving tho new Custom House
and placing it in habitable condition
The Committee of Appropriations i
the House have added this addi
tiona! amount to their bil!, v/hie
passed that body, and tho Collecte
has received the assurance of Senatoi
that the appropriation will be p ?se
in the Senate.-Cltftrleslon Courier.
The natural phenomena of the lai
few weeks well deserve the cor
sideratiou of atmospheric philosi
i pliers. Tremendous falls of sno
in nearly all parts of the countr
I alternations, of excessive cold an
I almost .summer heat, and destructs
j freshets in various sections from tb
j extreme East to the Western frontie
have combined to render the wi uti
j of 1866-'67 memorable in the anna
of meteorology.
of Representatives, in considerir
the amendatory interval revenue, bi]
has fixed the tax on cigars as follow
"On alli cigars, cheroots and cig?
rettes, 8fi per thousand, and twenl
per cent, (td valorem on the mark
value." This is an important chang
being a reduction of rate reported t
the committee.
A New Haven gambler, on his wi
to Boston, won 35,000 in a smokir
E. Everett, thc chief engineer of the
International Ocean Telegraph Com?
pany, sailed for Liverpool, on Satur?
day last. He goes to England to su?
perintend the construction of thc
cable to be laid to connect the United
States, Cuba and the West India Is?
lands. It is expected that thc work
will be finished by June 1.
The Maryland Republicans are
very generally signing a petition ask?
ing the United States Senate not to
admit Gov. Swann to a seat in that
body next March, asserting that he
secured his election through corrup?
tion and fraud. Gov. Swann will
doubtless share Stockton's fate, and
be "histed" out of his.
The Mississippi steamer David
White, plying between New Orleans
and Louisville, was blown up near
Columbia, Arkansas, on Sunday, and
thirty-eight persons are. known to
have been killed and nineteen wound?
ed. There are sixty-five passengers
missing, whose names are unknown,
as the books wore lost.
There is a mau out West whose '
memory is so short that itonly reach?
es to his knees; consequently, he .
never pays for his boots.
At Swansboro, N. C.,on Wednesday, the
20th instant, at tho residence of the bride's
father. Mu. DANIEL L. SF.NN, of this
city, to Miss MAGGIE S. McLEAN, of
the former town.
Sehr. P. Boice, Adams, New York.
Ship Southern Rights, Ross, Liverpool.
On Consignment.
-| ?f BOXES of TOBACCO, in good o
JLf./ der. and for sale by
Feb 27 2 H. D. MANAHAN.
To Rent.
AFARM, situated about three milos 1
from, this cit}-, with necessary out
buildings, .indwell adapted for gardening
purposes. Apple to
Feb 27 2 _ H. P. HANAHAN.
To Arrive, i
1,500 busheis Oats.
50 barrels Pink Eve Potat H S.
Feb 27 Yolger's Old Stand. :
Just Received
2? bales HAY. For sale bv
Feb 27 1 Copi. Merchants, Main st.
Richland Lodge No. 39, A. F. M.
A AN extra communication of this
VTVVT.ed^c will be held THIS (Wednes
/Vx'lavi EVENING. 27th instant, at
7 o'clock, at Odd Fellows- Hall, forthepur?
pose of conferring tin; Fast Degree.
liv order of the W. M.
Feb 27 1 R. TOZER,'Secretary.
4 " " LEMONS. Low for cash
Feb 26
Extra Breakfast Strips !
PICKLED HAMS. Low for cash at
Feb 20 J. C. SEEGERS A CO.'S. _
Fresh Crackers!
0 bbls. fresh SODA BISCUIT.
2 " Extra Butter "
2 " Fancy Pic-Nic "
2 " Lemon Biscuits. All fresh from
the bakery. J. C. SEEGERS A CO.
Feb 26_
IOW to dealers, at
j Feb 20 J. C. SEEGERS A CO.'S.
m. u Jj.ua ?UXV o/lu Li.
MULES for sale.
Third Supply of Fresh Seed.
Green-glaze Cabbage, Turnip Seed,
Peas and Beans, Extra Early Corn, Blue
Stem Collaril, new Tomato Seed and other
varieties, at
Feb 26 Drug and Seed Suire.
Printing Material For Sale.
AN assortment of TYPE and MATERI?
AL, ennu ient to publish a large sized
paper, is offered for sale at a very reason?
able price. Tho TYPE is as good as new.
For further particulars, apply at this
office. _Feb 23
?}(\?\ 1 lO/EN for sale low.
Feb 23
ONION SETTS, tor salo by
Feb 2:5 E. A G. D. HOPE.
Hc\J\J for sale bv
" Feb 23 E. A G. D. HOPE.
Breakfast Bacon.
for sale low bv E. A G. D. HOPE.
Feb 13
?U*J For sale for cash only.
Feb 22 E. AG. D.HOPE.
low for cash orily. E. A G. D. HOPE.
Feb 22
Refined Sugars.
and COFFEE SUGARS. For salo by
Feb 22 E. A G. D. HOPE.
Local Itouxs.
The Charleston mail failed last
night, but wo are indebted to the po?
lite agents of the Southern Express
Company for a copy of the Courier.
ANOTHER CASE.-The Darlington
SoiitJiemer says that on last Monday,
an old acquaintance (once a sub?
scriber) called into that office end
subscribed again for the Southerner,
giving thc following reason for so
'Thad neglected to pay my taxes
at the proper time. Thc tax-collector
bad issued his execution to the she?
riff, and the latter had advertised my
land to be sold this very day. By the
merest chance, some one saw the
paper in which the laud was adver?
tised, and gave me notice, aud here!
have come to save my land ami take
your paper." . *
NEW BOOKS.-We are indebted to
J. J. McCarter, Esq., for copies of
the following books, just published
by Harper & Brothers, Now York:
By George Macdonald, M. A., au?
thor of "David Elginbrod," etc.
This interesting work is, doubtless,
as it purports to be, written by the
rector of a country church, in Eng?
land. Interspersed with tho narra?
tive aro illustrations of character
which would do credit to the pen of
a Dickens or a Wilkie Collins-the
retired man-of-war's-man. Old Bo?
gers; thc cynical Thomas Wier and
his unfortunate daughter Catherine:
the heartless Mrs. Oldcastle: thc
"white wolf;''and the inventive Mr.
Stoddart, being apt illustrations
The title of the book-"A Quiet
Neighborhood"-is correct only to a
certain extent-that is, to all outward
appearance; whereas, down in the
hearts of many of the char ictei'S,
were cauldrons seething and bub?
bling like unto those of Macbeth's
witches. The story, be it under?
stood, is by no means sensational;
and the reader will lay thc book aside
with thc fervent wish that the au?
thor will, :vs he intimates, eontiune
his sketches.
CIVII, WAK. By George Ward Ni?
chols, author of "Tho Story of thc
Great March." With Illustrations.
Major Nichols has attempted, in
this so-called "narrative," to impress
upon the reading public the impor?
tant fact that he is an ardent admirer
of "the old flag," as he had gazed on
it in foreign waters with an admiring
eye, and fought under it-as an aid
to Gen. Sherman-on the famed soil
of the South. He maintains the
assertions made by him in his former
i work, that the burning of Columbia
j was attributable to the cotton fired
by the Confederates; whereas, if he
would only consult any of the regi
? mental officers, he would receive posi
i tive information that, when the Fede
I ral army entered the city, after its
I evacuation by the Confederates, there
icos no cotton on fire. That this work
i will find admirers, as did "Uncle
Tom's Cabin," in certain portions of
the country, owing to sectional pre?
judices, cannot be doubted; but we
think no candid reader will give the
author credit for much beauty of dic?
tion or originality of thought.
RACHEL'S SECRET. A Novel. By the
author of "Master of Morton."
Price 75 cents.
This is another English story, and
belongs to the series of Harper's pa?
per-backed "Library of Select No?
vels." It is very evenly written, and
the reader will find that the heroine,
like daughters of Eve in general,
could, when it was essentially neces?
sary, (and for her own interest,) keep
a secret; butas "Rachel's" was of a
very peculiar nature, the book is
worth perusing, to unravel the mys?
tery. _^ ^__
A remarkable discovery is reported
in Italy, by which two persons may
converse by telegraph, recognizing
even the sounds of each other's voice.
Thero was something like it here,
some years ago, between New York
and Boston, but it was given up on
account of tho New York operator's
breath smelling too strong of bad gin.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is can?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning tor the fir*:
ll. D. Hanahan-Tobacco.
Desirable Farm to lient.
A. R. Phillips -Auction Side.
Browne A Schirr or -Grain to Arrive.
Barlo A- Loaphari-Hay.
Extra Meeting Richland Lodge.
Hostet tor's Stomach bitter.-.
White A Mix. ' - Charleston Hotel.
Diegen A Bakor-Livery and Salo Stable
Tuc "HELP" QUESTION.--The question of
kitchen ' help" is one of great moment to
the American house-wife. The best help
our experience bas found is a box of Col?
gate's Soap for laundry purposes, lt saves
a lar<i<- proportion of the labor of washing
clothing or other articles.

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