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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, March 23, 1867, Image 2

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Saturday Morning, March 23, 1867.
Pu ri-iif.s uii?l Teacher*.
If ever there was a time when the
educational interests ?it the South re?
quired every aid and the fostering
care of her people, it is at tin-present
time. For the past live or six years,
these interest? have suffered heavily,
owing to the natural obstacles which
a protracted civil .war placed in the
way cf their advancement. Many of
the institutions of learning were sus?
pended, and their endowments crip?
pled or entirely lost; our young men
were either in thc army, or, owing to
thc disorganized state of society,
wasting tlie time that would have
otherwise been given to study, in
rambling from one point to another.
Now that the war is closed, and thc
political status of the South defi?
nitely known, it is to be hoped thal
the schools, colleges and uuivemli . -
of tho South will bc re-organized
moro efficiently than "ever.
Recently, a committee was appoint?
ed by the "-Educational Association
of Virginia," of which R. E. Lee was
Chairman, to address the parents ol
that State, urging them to a mort
hearty co-operation with' teachers ir
matters of instruction, discipline.
Arc. The committee have published
an admirable address, reviewing tin
duty of parents in the premires, anc
urging them to a strict course o:
home training as invaluable adjunct!
to the training of the mind and tin
discipline which must be maintained
in the school-room. The committee
say that education, in its broad, com
prehensive sense, embraces the phy?
sical, moral and intellectual instruc
tion of a child, and that, having
everything to learn, he is more readi
ly taught by good examples to imi
tate than by simple precepts.
The committee truthfully say, tba
"the influences of Christianity foru
the essential element of moral chit
racter," and that it is the parent"
most sacred duty to his child to irx
press the sentiments of our holy rel
gion early upon his mind, by persont
explanation and systematical instru?
Wc imagine the evil alluded to i
the following paragraph was former!
more prevalent at the South than i
other sections of the country. Th
committee say:
" An essential part of the educatio
of youth is, to teach them to serv
themselves, and to impress upon thei
the fact that nothing good can be w
quired in this world without labo
and that thc very necessaries an
comforts of life must be procured li
earnest and regular exertion. Thc
should also be taught to know tha
after having been reared and educate
by their parents, they should not e:
peet them to provide further for then
and that their future subsistence ar
advancement must depend upon thee
selves. Parents sometimes comm
the mistake of allowing their ch:
dren, alter having reached the peri;
of life when they ought to be engage
in rnakkig a livelihoods to relv um
them for support. This encourage
them in injurious idleness, and tl
strays their spirit of sclf-dependenc
which is necessary for their advauc
ment in life, and causes them to a
pear so unreasonable as to depet
upon them, after having arrived at ;
age when?they should think and a
for themselves."
These remarks are very point?
and forcible, and they should bc la
to heart by every parent of the Sout
Our people have entered upon a nc
era ot* industry and progress; the \
culiar institution, which materia'
contributed to the evil referred
among our Southern planters a:
men of substance, has passed aw
forever. The muscle of the you
men of the South must now be 1;
chief reliance for her recuperati
and rescue from impoverishmei
Loitering about the streets cam
now lie afforded but by very few, a
our youth, when they approach ma
estate, should deem it a matter
pride and self-respect, as well
their highest duty, to relieve th
parents from the burden of suppc
ing them, and entering upon so
vocation and profession, where tl
can contribute, by the labor of 1
hand or the head, that portion of i
orgy and industry which their coi
try at present demands, and wit
society has a right to expect fr
every adult.
The committee conclude their
dress, by summing up, in the folk
ing points, the duty of parents
connection with the education
their children :
1. The parent, after committ;
I Iiis chili! to the teaching of another,
I should cunt i mu? to manifest an affec?
tionate interest iii his improvement,
I l>v constant inquiry and encourage
2. The supplying of young persons,
' while absent from their homes, with
j needless money, and the permission
to contrad debts, are to be repro?
bated, as tempting to a sin t ul prodi?
gality and multiplying the dangers of
contracting habits of vice.
Th-.- proper authority of teachers
must be firmly sustained by parents,
4. Every young person should bo
informell by his parents that he must
I give diligence to profit by his studies,
I or else must be compelled to make
j himself useful to society by actual
j labor in some humbler sphere.
And last, an unworthy parent can
! not reasonably expect the teacher,
j against the current of Iiis wrong cx
'< ample, Vo form his son into a worthy
j man.
j These suggestions embrace truths
I well worthy of the consideration of
' all wdio have the responsibility ami
I management of the rising generation
j of tho South-the men and women
j who hereafter must shape her destiny.
TU?' Supplementary Aet.
Our Northern exchanges, yester?
day, brought us the text of the sup?
plementary bill, as it passed bot!
Houses of Congress. It is substan?
tially tho same as that received bj
telegraph and published in the Phoe?
nix, on Tuesday last. ll)th instant
The only amendments worthy o
note is that requiring a majority o
the registered voters to call a couven
tion, and another to protect voter
from ii?proper interference or re
strahlt in the discharge of their privi
loges at the polls. The provisions o
the act, as published, should be kep
for future reference.
Tlic pi-i-sitlciit'H Views of Military
In an interview with Presiden
Johnson, last Saturday, the subject c
reconstructing the Southern State
under-the new military governmet
bill, came up, and his opinion bein
asked on the subject, he shook h:
head gravely and remarked that th
holding of elections under militar
control was in conflict with the spir
of republican institutions. The
rising and retiring to an adjoinir
room, he returned with a book in h
hand, and read the folio wing extrae
from an address of Daniel Webster t
! the citizens of Massachusetts, on tl
occasion of the celebration of tl
completion of the Bunker Hill Mom
mont, on the 17th of June, 1843:
"They are yet on their trial, and
hope for a favorable result; but trat]
sacred truth, and fidelity to the oaui
of civil liberty, compel me to say til;
hitherto they have discovered qui
too much of the spirit of that mi
narchy from which they separat?
themselves. Quite too frequentreso
is maile to military forci-, and qui
too much of the substance of thc pe
pie is consumed in maintainii
armies, not for defence against foreig
aggression, but for enforcing ob
dience to domestic authority. Stan
ing armies are thc oppressive instr
ments for governing the people
the hands of hereditary and arbitra
monarchs. A military republic
Government founded ?ni mock ele
lions ano. support?e* only by tl
sword-is a movement indeed, but
retrograde and disastrous movemei
from the regular and old-fashion
monarchial system If men won
enjoy the blessings of republican g
vernment, they must govern thei
selves by reason, by mutual conns
and consultation, by a sense and fe<
ing of general interest and by t
acquiescence of the minority in t
will of the majority properly expre:
ed; and above all, the military mt
be kept, according to the language
our bill of rights, in strict subordii
tion to the civil authority. Wheres
this lesson is not both learned a
practiced, there can lie no politii
freedom. Absurd, preposterous is
a scoff and a satire >n free forms
government to be prescribed by m
tary leaders, and the right of suffrc
to be exercised at the point of t
His (the President's) own feelirj
he said, agreed with Mr. Weitster
the subject.
' YOKK.-The Conference Commit
of the New York Legislature li:
agreed upon a bill calling a convi
tion. The election is to take pl;
on the fourth Tuesday in April. <
lored men are allowed to vote, 1
Southern men and deserters are to
excluded. The convention is to m
at Albany on the fourth Tuesday
-? ? ? ?
A i:i JESTED.-Captain 1). li. Cai
Assistant x*issessor United States
ternai Revenue, whose ollicial cont
extended over the upper regiment
this District, has been ai-rested a
imprisoned on a charge coriprehct
ing ollicial misconduct.
[ Green ville Mo uni, ii it <?? ?)
Notices in the country papers ir
cate that there will be a large e
gration to thc West this summer.
Tlie Columbia ]?I?eting.
In its comments on thc pro??ee&
j ings of the meeting held here on
j Monday, the New York Sun says:
The proceedings of the freedmen's
J meeting, which was held on Monday,
i in the capital of South Carolina, con?
vey a moral which should not be lost
on thc Southern people. Many white
S citizen? were present at the meeting,
and addresses wore delivered by Wilde
Hampton and other loading Caroli?
nians, as wed as by prominent co?
lored men. Tho best of feeling pre?
vailed-the freedmen being highly
j pleased with thc frank and cordial
i spinal manifested LOW aro. viiem oyt*i?
whites, and the latter wore equally
gratified with the disposition shown
by the freedmen to renew frieiidlj
relations and to work together foi
the general interest. The most no?
ticeable.feature of the meeting, how?
ever, was the expressed determina?
tion of the freedmen to support anc
vote for the best men in the Statu ir
the election for delegates to flam?
tlie new constitution, and also tc
urge upon Congress the propriety <>
repealing the clause of the now Lav
which disfranchises a largo class o
the Southern people. This action i
significant, lt shows that the ne
groes are not imbued with hatred o
malice toward their old masters
With their natural kind-heartedness
they are now inclined to forget th
past, return good for evil, and d
what tiley can to relieve the white
from the disabilities imposed upo:
them by the law. We believe tba
the action of thc Columbia freedme
is an index of what that class will d
throughout the South, if the white
only treat them fairly and decently
They are an affectionate, confidin
and trusting people, anxious fe
peace, quiet and contentment, an
with no natural taste for politic;
excitements. If they be made to fe?
that the whites are disposed to b(
friend them, they will do anything i
reason to hold that friendship. ]
we were disposed to venture a predi
tion, we would say that the negroei
within five years, will leave the p<
litical management of the South i
the hands of the whites, and be sati
lied with voting for the latter. Neg]
suffrage will be a valuable help 1
the South politically, if the hiern
ship of the freedmen be cultivate?
and the time is not distant when th;
section will feel thankful to Congre
for forcing upon it so important e
addition to its political strength.
The Washington Republican says
will be curious to soe the effect
Beverly Nash's speech un thc par
at the North.
Washington Items.
Wc extract the following from tl
correspondence of the Baldino
Gen. Banks, in submitting to tl
House a resolution of inquiry in rel
tion to Fenian trials in Canada, in
mated that he would make a rope
bearing upon the Fenian questit
before the close of the session. T!
committee to inquire into the que
tion of the proposed Canadian co
federation and kingdom have not y
come to any definite determiuatii
upon which to base ti report. Th
do not seem to know what to do wi
the matter.
An organization has been form
in this city, having for its object t
development and settlement of o
public lands, by inducing eniigrai
of character to settle thereon, a
they propose to enter on this work
once. It is proposed to collect i
formation in relation to the soil, t
mate, water-powers, cost of trai
portation, Arc, and to publish su
information for distribution in 1:
The President signed to-day t
joint resolution tendering tho thai:
of Congress to Mr. Peabody,
finished and elegant, copy of tao <
rolled resolution will be prepared J
Mr. Peabody, and, if possible, 1
gold medal will be struck and sent
him before his departure for Euro;
The clerks in the third auditc
office of the Treasury Depart?an
have started a subscription for i
benefit of the destitute of the Sou
ern States.
A WARNINO.-The Herald advi
the President:
Congress will soon adjourn, t
the work of reconstruction will tl
go on under the control of the I
Rident, the Secretary of W.vnnd
military officers in the newly c
structeddistricts of the South. I
for Ai \ Johnson Lo bec that he lett
no loophole for his enemies to cr
in-that he faithfully carries out
programme set down by the law.
there aro any short-comings to be
down against him, when Congres:
called together again, he may be
moved in three weeks thercaf
Therefore, a timely word of warn
to the President may not be out
-? ? ? ?
Charlotte Times, of Wednesday, sc
"It is rumored that the Af ri
Bishop, on Tuesday night, was i
posing of his photographs to
faithful at one dollar per picti
Many of these people bought tl
pictures who are unable to purcli
shoes. We apprehend that tl
was some imposition in this mat
and wo warn the colored people t<
on their guard."
Noi'tHcrn Loaac*.
A correspondent of the Mobile Re?
gister, and who the editor of that pa?
per endorses as a truth fid and woll
infortned gentleman of high standing j
in New York, writes to that paper, on J
the 4th instant, as follows:
The decline in values-stocks, mer- j
chand ize, ?c.-in New York city,
since the first of December, has been
enormous-enough, one would think,
to swamp thc whole business com?
munity. The stock operators have'
suffered mos,, and oven those who
have as yet escaped the inevitable
consequences of wild speculation are
trembling with :i sense of the danger
before them. The losses on nineteen
stocks during the past two months
that is, since January 1 --amount to
nearly $25,000,000/ During that
time. Pacific Mai', lias declined
! $4,000,000; Erie Railroad, $2,600,000;
! Cumberland Coa1., ?2,500,000; New
! York Central Ltaiiroad. $2,500,000;
? North-western, $3,510,000; Western
i Inion Telegraph, ?1,250,000; Dela?
ware ?uni Hudson Coal, $1,000,000;
Union Navigation, 51,000,000; .Mi?
chigan Southern. $910,000; Atlantic
Mail, $860,000; Port Wayne, $8-17,
000; Quicksilver Mining Company,
$700,000, and six other stocks from
a quarter io half a million each,
making an aggregate of $24,812,000
on nineteen stocks. No wonder that
sore heads and long faces are to be
seen in Wall street.
The tremendous decline in Pacific
Mail ($4,600,000 in two mouths) led
to the withdrawal of Mr. L. W. Je?
rome from th>> Board of Directors,
and the withdrawal of Mr. Jerome
led to a vast amount of excitement in
"Wall street, and among the stock?
holders. It is alleged, on the one
hand, that Mr. Jerome's heavy emo?
tions i" Wall street frightened thc
biockholders and made them throw
their stocks on the market in antici?
pation of a crash, and, on the other,
that Mr. Jerome's speculations were
all legitimate, and gave no good cause
to fear for the safety of the Pacific
Company. Ono thing, however, i:
certain. Mr. Jerome became owne?
of a large amount of Pacific stock a
200, which he then sold among hi:
friends at 220, and guaranteed then
against loss for 2}-? percent. Thi
stock is now selling for 127, and, o
course, Mr. Jerome is a heavy loser
The directors attribute all their mis
fortunes to the public's want of con
fideuee in Jerome, but the stock
holders say the directors aro to blain
for selling him ten millions in stool
at 200, when it was selling in Wal
street at 220. Mr. Jerome is one o
the sharpest and most popular mei
in Wall street, and has any numbc
o' friends ready to take up the cud
gels for-him: but whoever may be t
blame for the enormous decline ii
Pacific stock, the losses have almo;
swamped some of the stockholder.^
and tlirown Wall street into a fearft
state of excitement.
But the decline of twenty-five mi
lions in nineteen stocks is only a pal
of the story of revulsion. Merchar
dize has goue down; nearly all th
values in the market have decline?
j and the total loss would, if it COtil
be accurately ascertained, startle th
I whole country. The decline in a
railroad, mining and other stock:
since the first of December, is ce
tainly not less than fifty million
The decline in merchandize dates bi
yond that time, and, taking the a;
gregate for six months, it will amoui
to between fifty and sixty million
I Thc loss on dry goods alone will foi
I up thirty millions, and on the varioi
I other classes of merchandize near
! as much more A table of the pr<
I perty owned in New ?brk to-day, ;
I compared with one prepared a yei
? ago, would show a falling off of S10C
! 000,000 at least.
Mr. Fessendeu's statement, iu tl
j Senate, a few days ago, that the Ii
j ternal Revenue has fallen olY fro
?-10,01)0,000 to $50,000,000, has mac
our thinking men rub their eyes ai
look about thom. What is to becoc
of the public debt, and how is tl
country to stand the illimitable e
travagance of Congress-(thank He
ven! one Congress, dies to-day)
the revenue is failing off at tl:
alarming vate? The stagnation
trade and the suspension of mau
factures will cause a further decli
; of $60,000,000 or $70,000,000 befo
the first of July. The distillery m
swindled the Government out
$100,000,000 last year, and will i
peat the trick this year, and the i
venue from other sources will
fully 3100,000,000 below tue estimai
Can you doubt what tho end of
this will be? National bankrupts
as sure as there is a nation-it us
to be a republic-and then? Wt
perhaps, the people will come
their senses, then, and try to f.
back the republic. Depend upon
there is a financial danger ahead tl
will either work out political regei
ration, or send the whole country ?
reening into chaos. By the win
country, I mean the "loyal State;
your section is only a dependen
j late Confederate Qurtermaster, v
unanimously elected to represe
Craven County in tho Legislatur??
North Carolina-the negroes votii
We forbear comment.
The negroes in North Carolina :
said to work much better than 1
year. Planters are greatly enee
Leooa? Itorns.
ARRESTED.-We learn that a dc- j
spatch was received in tliis city yes?
terday, announcing the arrest, in
New York, of Toland lt. Bass, who
is charge.1 with killing Mrs. M. E.
How Do THE? DO IT?-The Mont?
gomery A<lvtirliser says, under Ulis
hoad: "Some people wonder how it
is that a few business men make a
heap of money, while others are soon
sold out by the sheriff. The secret
lies in two words-printer's ink. Cast
a glance at our r.dvortisiug columns,
and it will not take long to ascertain
who is making money fast in the city
id Montgomery. That's so!" And
it is the (tase, too, in every oilier city.
The Charleston papers Contain long
reports of the proceedings of a meet?
ing of colored citizens held in tile
Military Hall, building, on Thursday
evening, and at which H. Judge
Mooro presided. The room was
iilled to overflowing. A platform was
adopted, after which there was consi?
derable speech-making. One of the
speaker's, F. L. Cardoza, seconded
the resolutions, and warned the freed?
men against the seductions of their
former masters, who now pretended
to be their friends. He said that the
right of suffrage was only given to
them temporarily, and if they did
did not use it wisely, their Northern
friends, the radicals, would take it
away as suddenly as they had givou it.
Reference was made to the meeting
held in this city on Monday last, and
the sentiments expressed by some ol
the speakers were severely criticised.
A mass meeting is to be held on thc
Citadel Green on Tuesday afternoon
PLEASING AFFAIR.-It is general!}
known that Mr. James Anderson
Superintendent of the C harlot t<
Hailroa'd, has resigned his positiot
on that ro id, and accepted the Su
perintendency of the North Carolin;
Central. The employees of tin
Charlotte Poad, desirous of showing
their good feeling for their popula:
and energetic Superintendent, deter
mined to present him with a massiv
and elegant gold chain; and knowinj
that presentations are tame affair
without the assistance of somethini
to "eat and drink," submitted th
matter to Dr. Speck, of the "Cen.*.!
Hotel,"' who prepared an elegant an
substantial repast. At half-past
o'clock, the "railroad men," wit
several invited guests, surrounde
thc board. Col. Dorsey was request
ed to take the head of tin; tabli
which he did; and after a short e:
planation of the causes which ha
convened the present assembly, M:
Monckton, on behalf of the en
ployees, handed Mr. Bouknight (a
old officer and the successor of M
Anderson) the chain for presentatioi
Mr. Bouknight, on presenting ti:
testimonial, said:
Mu. ANDERSON: It gives me pies
sure and pride, on this occasion, t
be the organ of the employees of tl:
Charlotte Hoad ir. conveying to yoi
as I now do, their expression ?
affectionate regard ami esteem, :
their former friend and officer. J
all your varied intercourse and asst
dations with us, your conduct hi
been that of kindness and fairness.
For many years, our fortunes hoi
been in connection with the Cha
lotte Poad, in the management i
which you have borne an active ai
useful part. It has a creditable hi
tory, and much lias been done 1
yourself. Some of us present r
ceived our first lessons in railro:
duties, which are exacting and labu
ions, from your teachings.
We part with you with feelings
regret, and yet with pleasure, becau
we know that you have been calk
into the discharge of the duties
superintendent of a more importa
road, and which require capacities
a high order.
Ali join me in wishing you perfc
ami entire success, and we ask th
you may not forget us in your a
sence, and that the token we prese
maj-, in somo degree, be the sile
cord of our continued sympathi
ami union of sentiment.
We ask you to accept this beautii
watch chain, and assure you that
is only a small but sincere expressii
of our admiration and warm attac
Mr. Anderson (who, be it know
is a bachelor, and, as a consequent
somewhat bashfully inclined,) replie
thanking the donors for their gem
ons gift, and referring to his fr?en
present to bear him out in the ass<
tion that he was no speech-maki
and saying that if there was a
credit due him, the men in his enipl
were entitled to a full share, as th
hail promptly carried out his wisl
and directions; closing his remai
with au expression of his good feeling
towards them.
The health of the out-going and in?
coming Superintendents was pn ?posed
by Mr. Selby, 01 > P/to?mx; which
was responded to :?y Mr. Bouknight;
who, in return, complimented "the
Press;" which was responded to bj
Mr. DeFontaine, of the Gtrolinhai,
in a few well-timed remarks, that
v er uproariously received.
Messrs. Monckton, Brown, dino,
Seegers, Roseborough, Johnston,
Manson and others wert' culled upon,
who responded; when, amid the pop?
ping of champagne corks, the "lo?
cal" became impressed with the idea
that he had better leave, as, by this
time, the "mirth and fun grew fast
and furious."
NEW AiiVKf.rrsi::.iLM".-i. Attention i-?
C. li. baldwin A Co. Fresh Supplies
A. lt. Colton-Georgia Cotton l's ante?
J. F. Gallahcr-Mules lor Sale.
C. A. Scott-Dinner House.
Merchants-To Revenue Office:.
Th?- Expense to tim North,
The Philadelphia Age calls the at?
tention of its readers to the high
rates which they are compelled tc
pay for thc products of the South,
without a corresponding increase in
tue prices of their own productions.
We extract from its article on the
subject, the following paragraphs:
"Lot us look at some of the facts.
Take the article of sugar. Cuba
clarified is quoted at 9 cents, in gold.
That would be from 12:,4 to 13 ^
cents in currency, using the lowest
quotation of gold, that is, 133%.
Withiu a few years Havana sugar
could bc bought at from 5:<j, brown,
to 1% cents, clarified; or loaf from ll
to 13 cents tho pound. Sugar is a
Southern product. Carolina rice is
quoted at 10?.{ to ll cents. It has
sold by the tierco in our market at 3 J e
cents, the retail price at the same
time being from 5 to G cents. The
gold quotation in this instance would
be 8' .? cents per pound, an advance
of nearly 150 per cent, over the
lowest prices given. Bice comes
from the South. Cotton is quoted
at from 30 to 31 cents. Its price in
golel would be from 22 to 23 cents.
The highest price at which cotton
ruled anterior to the war from 8, ll
to 13 cents. The advance, there?
fore, ranges near 100 per cent, at the
present time. The price of the best
cotton cloths, white or printed, for?
merly rated: Wamsutta, from ll to
12 cents; Merrimack and Sprague
Mills, from 12 to 13 cents. These
brands are selling from 22 to 28 cents,
and white goods higher in proportion
-that is, from 30 to 40 cents. This
is the Southern side of the account
Now look how Northern products
have been affected. We have to pay
higher for all articles purchased. Do
we get an aelvance on al! articles sold?
Hay is quoted-the average-taking
the short ton, at 835.20. This in gold
is but $23.65, a price lower, or as
low, as it rated ten or twenty years
ago. We ship and sell hay to the
Southern States. Wool, a highly im?
portant article of commerce, which
is produced in all the Northern
States, is ipioted as follows: Double
extra, 58 to GO cents-highest figure.
62 to (>5 couts-lowest inferior quality,
32 to 4.0 cents. In this case the re?
duction to gold would give 44 cents
as the highest price, anti 21''._. cents
as the lowest, tn 1840-11), wool,
when prices were much lower for ali
the products than they are at present,
would readily bring from 32 to
cents in gold. We show it now sell?
ing at from 2i'.j to 41 cents. Tho
same ratio of decrease exists in all
the leatling products of the North,
which are exchanged for those of tho
It is clearly shown that the articles
we most need, sugar, rice anti cotton,
all exhibit a grenat advance over their
former or actual value, while those of
which we. have a superabundance, or
for which we are asking a market,
are now quoted at less than their
relative values. This is a tax upon
thc business anti industry of the
-.? <.> --
MARYLAND.-It seems that an at?
tempt is to be made to reconstruct
Maryland, and she may be known
ere long as District No. 6. Mr.
Thomas, one of the Representatives
from Maryland, is leading the bali,
and on Monday he introduced the
following significant resolution, which
was passed without debato:
Resolved, That the testimony taken
by the Judiciary Committee of the
last House of Representatives, in pur?
suance of instructions of that House,
concerning, to some extent, public
affairs in Maryland, and now in cus?
tody of the Clerk of the House, bo
committed to the Committee on the
Judiciary, with instructions to cen?
p?ete the inquiries which the last
committee was instructed to make,
and to inquire whether the people of
Maryland have a Statt) Government
republican in form, and such as Con?
gress can, consistently with the re?
quirements of the Constitution of the
United States, recognize ami guaran?

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