Newspaper Page Text
birth, having lived and married here
twelve years ago, lie waa neither a
Southern nora Northern man, in the
popiilsir acceptation of the term. At
the beginning of tho war, ho had
delivered war speeches, and subse?
quently raised negro soldiers, gone
into the army himself, and received
tho first negro commission given by
President Lincoln. There ho had
remained until his raco was free. He
did not do this because he did not
love tho Southern whites, for it was
from Gen. McGowan, of Abbeville,
lawyer Wilson aud others, that ho
had learned to read and write, and
I received a respectable English educa?
tion. For these and othor favors, he
hod always loved tho Southern peo?
ple; and when ho heard men say at
the North ithat slaveholders would
never seo God's face in Heaven, he
had defeudod thom, because ho knew
thousands, and had seen many a
slaveholder dio, whom ho expected to
meet iu tho better laud. Tho South?
ern man was not to blame in this
matter, so much as bis education and
God's providence had over-ruled it
all. Ho could not condemn the
South, therefore, any more than the
North. If the head of slavery was
here, its tail was certainly thero. Tho
Constitution was a slave holding Con?
stitution. Wendell Phillips, Daniel
Webster and the Supremo Court had
so declared. Tho Democratic party
was a slavoholding party, and that
party for fifty years had shaped the
destinies of the country.
Ho regretted that his Excellency
the Governor had been compelled to
retire, for ho did not desire to reply
to his remarks in bis absence. Go?
vernor Orr was a gentleman whom
the speaker, when bo lived in Abbe?
ville, regarded as almost an angel-a
supremo hoing; and he still enter?
tained tho highest respect for his high
ton jd.moral sentiments. Because he
had advocated slavery, and had acted
with tho Democratic party-the rot?
ten copperheads of to-day-he did
not blame him so much as ne did the
constitution under which he was
raised, and the education ho had re?
One word with reference to the
party that made the bondmen free.
He knew that tho North did not com?
mence tho war for any such purpose.
Indeed, the South had showed much
the truer gallantry in fighting to per?
petuate slavery, for the North had
ridden tho feu?o with ono leg on one
side, and one leg on the other. For
that reason, ho had occasion to thank
no people for their freedom, to-day.
He thanked God, and God alone, that
the black man was permitted to stand
upon that platform aud speak thc
language of his heart.
Ho desired it to bo emphatically
understood that ho was a friend ot
tho Southern people. Ho had fought
against them, but ho had fought fox
bis race; and ho cared uot ono cent
about any Government, except so fal
as it affected the rights of that race.
No! Give him a Government thal
respected his manhood and aecuroc
him its privileges, and in proportion
to thc extent which it did that, h(
would fight for that Government ti
tho death. The South itself hac
rebelled because her people did nol
caro for a Government which did nol
respect their rights. It was tho saint
with the black mau. Let him be free.
What was the black man doing tc
be worthy of the boon that had beer
given? The eyes of the world wen
fixed upon the race, and it becanu
them lo act iu a manner which wonk
meet tho expectation' of mankind
Were they educating themselves, ad
vaucing, progressing? Woro the;
alive to great responsibilities ta
parents, and groat duties a* men am
women, devolving upon them? Hi
did not recognize Caucasian blooi
nor negro blood. God out of om
blood made all nations. Thero wai
no such thing as species of blood
Thero was a difference of color oi
tho skin, thero is a difference o
temp?rature in tho various zones
but tho same soul existed in botl
races, aud that soul boro tho imag
of God. Were they, therefore, mak
ing efforts at self-improvement
Were they wiping ont the last vestig
about them of slavery? Woro the;
doing what they could to eradicat
proscriptive laws which prevented a
men from standing upon a commo
platform-all fellow-brethren, wit
God for a common Superior?
Tho speaker counselled his hcarci
to industry-to be respectful, polit
and intelligent, aud to satisfy thei
Southern friends that they desire
only tho kindest relations. Ho bin
self never felt so gallant in his lifo r
ho did to-day, because it was his pr
vrlego to bo or not to bo HO.
Many white pcoplo imagined thc
woro tho dupes of a Northern part;
but ho would havo it understood th'
they would cling only to that part;
North or South, which looked the*
rights squarely iu tho face and aimi
a blow at wrong.
He was not hero to divido his ra
from the white people. On tho co
trary, he desired perfect harmon
but if tho white niau of tho Sou
was determined to support the co
perhoads, ho could not receivo tl
support of tho black man. If a par
was organized which would give n
qualified manhood to all mou-a par
that would cleanse State constitutio
and securo justico aud right-a par
that would give him justico on t
railroad cars, and not permit his wi
to be smoked out of a car in win
sho had paid full faro-that was t
party for him. But if thero was ai
party in tho world which thc Sou
ought to hate, and which tho color
man ough*; to hate, it waa the Demo?
cratic party. It had fed the South
on soft corn and then ohoked them
with the cob. It was still opposing
the bls,ck man and his rights.
The speaker referred at length to
the Scriptural illustration used* by
Gov. Orr with reference to the cap?
tivity of tho Israelites and their so?
journ in tho wilderness, and contend?
ed tbrro was no analogy between tbe
condition of tho two peoples. In the
first place, ho did not believe the
white peoplo wore like old Pharaoh ;
and secondly, that they did not de
servo to bo swallowed up in the Red
Sea. They had gone through a red
sea of blood already, and now ho de?
sired to see every vestigo of bato-if
such a feeling existed-buried. God
know thoy did not wish to be tho
means of oppression to the whitos
God know be regretted that any man
had been disfranchised; he regretted
the cause. Ho wished to see all men
untrammelled, to go where thoy
pleased-to go into court houses-to
go into tho penitentiary, if their
works carried them there--to go to
Congress, or to hell, or to Heaven.
They had been a patient people.
For two hundred and forty-six years
of captivity, they had ploughed the
fields and tilled tho earth. Cities,
towns and villages had grown up by
magie, dotting tho land, and wealth
been poured into tho coffers of the
nation. And I claim, said the speak?
er, while we do not hold a title to tho
country, tho sweat of our brow, that
has oozed out all over these fields,
makes this our home, and I believe
God Almighty will, some time, per?
mit us to enjoy a portion of it. But,
we must oil bo friends. If we cannot
befriends, politically, lotus bo friends
as men, and do those things which a
common interest demands.
Tho great reason why I go with the
Republican party is, that it is the
best party-and that is bad enough
for the black mon ; but I say again,
that I caro for no party and no Go?
vernment which will not givo mo my
rights. Allow me to tell you that the
present privilege is only an experi?
ment. The people want to seo what
amount of ability you ore conoble of
employing, and I tell you that, un?
less you act squarely and fairly, and
not be backing hero and filling there;
unless you do what is right with re?
ference to tho white man as well os
the black, you will bo damned. Build
up a party on a proper platform,
however, and our destiny is safe.
God will take care of us, and thc
nation will seo us protected.
Mr. Gibbes made a happy speech,
in which, without nlludiug to poli?
tics, he gavo much sound advice tc
the colored people. He said that he
felt satisfied tho peoplo of the two
races, in this District, understood
each other, and that, if wo continue
to occupy a common platform, om
interests being so identical, the wel?
fare of tho community would be sub
served, and the colored man espe
cially would enjoy- the benefit ol' th(
progress and prosperity, materially
and politically, which would result.
Brevet Lieut. Col. Mooro, of the
Cth U. S. Infantry, followed. He
said ho was no politician or speaker,
and simply desired to express tin
pleasure he enjoyed in seeing so larg?
an audience gathered for the purpose
of organizing a party and adopting r
platform of principles in accordance
with the new relations which the
colored man now bore to society. He
referred to tho Kansas troubles, elnr
ing which his regiment was in tba
Territory, anel the manner of his con
version from good old Democracy te
Frcesoilism, Republicanism, Aboli
tionism nnd Radicalism, anel brough
up one or two reminiscences connect
cd with the "rebel" (so-called
officers of the commauel, in whicl
they came very near being swallowet
He contended that the amenelmen
to tho Constitution was not a elamagi
to the instrument, anel only the re
suit of a condition of affairs whicl
absolutely necessitated tho change
ami as far as tho right of suffrng
was concerueel, saiel he felt satisfice
that if the political condition of th'
country was all right, "nobody's vot
could elo any harm," and it wouleln'
moko thc slightest differenco whicl
of the rival candidates was elected
so far as tho best interests of th
country were involved. The act o
crating a vote was no great thing. I
there was any harm in it, it was ii
voting for a man who eliel not advc
cato correct principles.
Tho Colonel aeleleJ some genem
gooel advice to his remarks, os fol
lows: "Obey tho laws fully; bowar
of corrupt politicians; beware c
demagogues, and never bo afraid t
do right, if all hell stands nt th
John T. Oauston, a colored ma
from "Washington, D. C., was th
next speaker, and in au intelligei
and sometimes eloquent manner, in
pressed his audience. "We have nc
spaco for even a sketch of his re
marks. Indeed, it is almost nnnecei
snry, for tho lending points hov
already been stated in thc speech e
The resolutions were then repor
cd, as follows:
Whereas the citizens of Riehlau
District have met in mass meeting, t
adopt n platform that may receive tl
approval and support of all friends
of a national republican Government;
Resolved, That we would bail with
grateful hearts the early restoration
of our beloved State to tho Union
under the Constitution and amend?
Resolved, That we will not support
any mau for office who will not
pledge himself to carry out the great
principles of the Declaration of In?
dependence and the constitutional
amendments, and of the Act of the
2d of March, 1867, known as the
military bill-that is, the fifth and
sixth sections of that Act.
Resolved, That universal suffrage
accords with the principle that all
just Governments are founded upon
tho consent of tho governed, and
that we will advocate a Constitution
for South Carolina that shall grant
universal equality beforo the laws to
all, irrespective of race, color or pre?
Resolved, That free schools for the
education of all children, irrespective
of race or color, should be guaran?
teed by constitutional provision.
Resolved, That it is one of the first
duties of tho Stato Legislature to re?
form tho civil and criminal codes of
tho State, so that they may accord
with tho enlightened sentiments of
the present day.
Resolved, That we recognize thc
hand of a merciful Providence in the
changes that havo been wrought in
the land, and wo invoke His assist?
ance and direction in tho work now
devolving upon us, and pray Him to
bestow upon us and upon our whole
country His favor and blessing.
Resolved, That an Executive Com?
mittee of thirteen be appointed by
the Chairman, whoso duty shall be
to promote the political interests of
the loyal citizens of tho District, and,
at proper times, to call meetings for
the nomination of candidates for
such offices as need to bo filled, and
for other important purposes; said
Committee to serve for one year, un?
less sooner discharged by a general
meeting of the loyal citizens of the
After tho reading aud adoption of
the above resolutions, speeches wero
made by Messrs. John Caldwell and
Thos. J. Robertson, and Mr. "Wright,
Superintendent of tho Freedman's
School in this city.
After the election of au Executive
Committeo of thirteen-five white
and eight colored-in accordance with
tho last resolution, a generous collec?
tion was taken up to pay for the
music. And then, iu the same quiet
and orderly manner with which it
had assembled, the meeting dispersed.
Judge Kelley is expected here ucxt
Thursday Morning, May 2, 1867.
l in Freedom of thc Prcws.
lu all countries, the people gene?
rally support tho freedom of the
press, and no matter however de?
spotic the Government may be, tho
press, iu a conflict with the civil
authorities, in nine cases out of teu,
eventually comes out triumphant.
Wo have a noteworthy instanco of
this, which has recontly transpired at
the capital of tho French Empire.
On the 8th ultimo, M. DeGerardin,
tho chief editor of the journal La
Liberte, published an article severely
reflecting ou the French Goverument
for its course iu regard to the Duchy
of Luxemburg. The salo of the
paper on thc street was at onco pro?
hibited, and tho following day the
sale went down from 29,600 to 27,100;
but, tho next day, tho number of
copies sold was over 30,000.
On tho day after the street sale of
La Liberte liad been prohibited, thc
editor published an article headed,
"What it Costs to Tell tho Truth,"
' referring to tho co sts of his owu trial.
In thc coarse of his remarks, M.
DeGorardiu said that "if you tell a
sovereign how he might bo great, ho
will treat you as Louis XIV treated
Vauban, or Louis XVI Tnrgot-he
will say you are perverse or charlatan.
But tell him bc has never committed
a single fault, and ho will overwhelm
you with favors and reposo in you
his entire confidence." For theso
words, the Government has com?
menced fresh actions against La
Tho freedom of the press is the
bulwark of liberty-that is, tho legi?
timate freedom, not tho licentious?
ness which journalists sometimes in?
dulge in. Tho press of a country
should bo its great lever of conserva?
tism in maintaining, to the cxteut of
its influence, good government, law
and order, as well as in donouueing
crime aud upholding virtue. Fear or
favor, punishment or reward, should
not operate upon tho conscientious
discharge of the duties of a public
journalist; while, on tho other baud,
if' he transcends the limits that the
good order and virtue of society infal?
libly define, and use* bis powerful
instrumentality in subverting these,
the popular sentiment-at least that
portion of it which is entitled to go?
vern, will speedily write- its verdict
Publio men and public nets aro
legitimate objects of the criticism of
tho press of any .country; but to step
beyond this line-which, by tho woy,
is defined by the laws of all civilized
Governments-and invades the sanc?
tity of private life, impugns and de?
scants upon the motives of indivi?
duals-when it palliates vice and j
crime, no matter in what rank or sta?
tion of life it appears-wdien it wan?
tonly- creates popular disturbances,
and endeavors to subvert law and
order by seditious language-in the
ono case, the courts are open to pro?
secution for libel; and in tho other,
any Government owes it to itself that
law, order, and tho consequent well?
being of communities, should not be
overthrown by charlatans or dema?
gogues who may seek to direct or
control public opiofOU. And this is
just tho difference between the right?
ful "freedom of the press," which we
hear so much about continually, aud
that licentiousness which foments
disorder and breeds anarchy. How
far tuc French editor may have trans?
cended the proper limits assigned
by an imperial Government, we have
no means of knowing, as we have not
seen the article referred to; but if it
was against his Government and tho
rights of his country, that Govern?
ment properly interfered; but if it
was merely a fair criticism of the
public policy of that Government,
whether with regard to its foroign
relations or its internal management
of the affairs of State, it was impoli?
tic-at least, it would be undera free
Govern incut-to notice or interfere
j with such coniuienhiries on its course
I of action.
Men may admire the pluck, so
; called, of an editor who makes it his
hobby to abuse and denounce every?
thing that may not suit his fancy, or
which may 'ie nt variance with the
policy or prosperity of his party, or
those^vho think with him on public
affairs; but in either ease, whether
the amenities of private or social life
are encroached upon, or the public
weal affected by a prostitution of thc
high functions ol' journalism to the
interests of pavty or faction, the ver?
dict of public opiuion will finally
crush him. We know of instances of
this, in our long connection with
journalism, aud we have never known
the result of our observations, as
abovo indicated, to fui!. The jour?
nalist who scourged every one whom
he thought desevved it, or he who
was continually stiiviug up party
strife and discord, although account?
ed plucky and smart, and was lauded
for tho moment by the breath of
popular applause, and held up as an
example of "independence" to his
brethren, invariably failed to receive
support, and becamo merely a note
of admiration, to bo talked about by
those who neither understand nor ap?
preciate the duties and responsibili?
ties of true journalism. And we are
happy to believe, if not know, that
this great conservator-public opi?
nion-hos contributed much in this
country to tho establishment of tho
trno "freedom of the press."
NEY-GENEEAI/S OFINION.-The spe?
cial correspondent of the Baltimore
Sun, of Tuesday, says:
Attorney-General Stanbervy has
been closely engaged to-day in tho
preparation of his opinion upon tho
disfranchisement under tho recon?
struction laws, and it will bc com?
pleted and read at the cabinet meet?
ing, to-morrow. The opinion was
called for by Genoral Grant, who
apprehended that difficulties might
Grise from a lock of concurrence of
judgment among tho commanders of
tho fivo districts, and others, who are
to bo entrusted with the construction
of the law in its application to regis?
tration and voting at elections. Tho
immediate suggestion of tho Attor?
ney-General's opinion was, however,
Gen. Sheridan's threatened removal
of Governors Wells and Throckmor
It is understood that Mv. Stanbor
ry's opinion will be adverse to the
decision of Gen. Sheridan, excluding
from registration a largo number of
municipal officers and naturalized
citizens who fail to show their certifi?
cates of naturalization.
THE SUPREME COURT.-Hon. Re?
verdy Johnson will represent West
Virginia, on Monday next, in the
Supvemo Couvt of tho United States,
in tho suit brought by Virginia for
tho recovery of Jefferson and Berkc
' ley Counties.
Spread of Demoralisation.
The peculiar coudition of affairs in
the Southern States is ovidontly bring?
ing bad men forward, and making
them bold in their operations. Wo
extract the following paragraph from
the Montgomery Advertiser, which
was part of a private lotter received
iu that city from Selma. As the. Ad?
vertiser says, a good many of the men
who aro now thrusting themselves to
the front, in the peculiar conditiou
of tho South, will bear watching.
The extract of thc lotter reads:
"Au order has just becu shown
herc, purporting to be issued by
Major-Geueral Swayne, dated at
Montgomery, aud prohibiting tho
holding of the circuit court of Greene
County. Tho jiulgo was, iu conse?
quence, compelled to adjourn court
from day to day until ho could learn
from tho General whether or not the
order was genuine. George Gold
thwaite, Esq., was on his way to
Montgomery to look into tho matter,
and, fortunately, met Gen. Swayne in
Selma, who, the moment he saw tho
order, pronounced it spurious, aud
not emanating from him."
"General Swayne has returned to
this city, and, we learn, while at
Selma, sent tho order back to Greene
County by Captain Goldthwaite, with
tho endorsement that it was a palpa?
What the object of such a forgery
could be, wo cannot divine, but it
exhibits a bolducss iu rascality that,
wo should think, must elicit strict
investigation from tho military au?
thorities of Alabama. Well may the
Advertiser ask what is the country
coming to, when the evil disposition
of some mon go to such extremo
lengths as to forgo military orders to
suspend tho courts of the country.
Demoralization and vice are spread?
ing all over tho country, and will
soon ripen iuto - crime and out?
rage, unless speedily aud summarily
checked. Wo regret to see this con?
ditiou of affairs at tho South, when
all should feel thc necessity of aid?
ing, by morality aud industry, to re?
store her to her former standard, from
any demoralization that might havo
naturally followed a protracted war.
Such conduct as tho above should be
reprobated by every good citizen, as
it gives occasion , to an evil reputa?
tion, for which tho people of tho
South do not, and never did give, any
just cause. ?
Gen. SchofU-lil Admonition'.
The Richmond Times, of Tuesday,
publishes the following admonition
or "warning" to that paper, allusion
to which was made in our telegraphic
despatches on Sunday:
HEADQUARTERS Frasr DISTRICT,
STATE or VIRGINIA,
RICHMOND, VA., April27, 1867.
Mr. Charles II. Wynne, Proprietor of
the Richmond'Times, Richmond, Va.
SIR: The Commanding General
directs mo to call your attention to
an editorial article in tho Richmond
Times, of this morning, headed "A
Black Mau's Party in Virginia," and
to say that, whilo he desires not only
to permit, but to encourage tho ut?
most freedom of discussion of poli?
tical questions, the character of the
article referred to calls for severo
censure. Especially tho following
words: "It is a proposition which
implies that they uro ready to grasp
the blood-stained hands of the
authors of our ruin," aro au intoler?
able insult' to all soldiers of tho
United States army, and no less so
to all truo soldiers of tho late Con?
federate army, as they have, long
since, extended to each other tho
cordial hand of friendship, and
pledged thoir united efforts to re?
ston) pence and harmony our wholo
Tho efforts of your paper to
foster enmity, create disorder and
lead to violence, can no longer bo
tolerated, lt is hoped this warning
will bo sufficient. Very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
S. F. CHAPLIN,
To this thc editor of tho Times
replies, saying that tho term "blood?
stained" was used figuratively and
not as applying to tho soldiers of tho
United States army, but to the radi?
cal orators, now visiting tho South.
-? 4 ? >
THE TURN OF TUE TIDE.-A well
informed writer, who occupies a fa?
vorable stand-point for observation,
"A political calm has begun to pre?
vail over tho wholo North. The radi?
cals havo exhausted all their means
of agitation, and, as a party, they
aro losing ground. If they cannot
advance, they must fall back. Late
elections in Chicago and various
other places show that tho radicals
cannot bring their old columns to tho
polls. New issues will soon arise
upon which parties will divide. Thc
old ones aro already nearly out of
sight. After the re-organization of
tho ten Southern Slates and their
representation in Congress, n na?
tional policy cannot bo maintained in
There aro 42,247 exhibitors to the
ANNUAL MEETING.-Thc annual
meeting of tho stockholders of the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad
Company will bo held in the chapel
nt Nickersou'.s Hotel, this morning,
at 10 o'clock.
LATE NEW YORK PAPERS.-Messrs.
Duffie & Chapman have placed on our
desk late copies of tho New York
World, Leslie's Chimney Corner, and
the New York Ledner. They receive
these and other papers regularly.
MUSICAL FESTIVAL.-Tho gran?
concert by tho talented Miss Fein
inger and Messrs. Deuck and Fein
inger will como off this evening, in
Jauney's Hall. Our citizens, we have
no doubt, will turu out in large num?
bers, and thus show their apprecia?
tion of nativo talent.
HANDSOME ROQUET.-A friend has
presonted us with a very handsome
hoquet, composed of geraniums and
hot-house flowers, for which we feel
truly grateful. Wc have also been
requested to state that hoquets of
any style will bc prepared at short
notice. Orders can bo left at the
Pollock House, on Main street.
Jon PRINTING.-Thc Job Office of
thc PJianix is as complete as any in
thc South. It is furnished with new
fonts of type of all descriptions and
of the most modern styles. All work
executed promptly, with taste and
skill, and at reasonable rates.
SUPPORT YOUR OWN JOURNALS.
The -Gleaner, issued every "Wednes?
day, from this office, defies competi?
tion as a literary and news journal.
Thoso who subscribe to it are kept
well posted up in the current events
of the day', as it embraces the tele?
graphic news, political, commercial,
stato of the markets, ?ve., up to the
hour of going to press.
TlIE PltESIDENTS SOUTHERN YlSIT.
The Washington Union has the
following remarks on the President's
contemplated visit to thc South.
Would it not be well for the city au?
thorities aud people of Columbia, to
extend an invitation to Mr. Johnson,
to visit this city. Wc feel sure that
such action would meet the genera!
approval of our citizens:
President Johnson has, we under?
stand, accepted an iuvitationjto visit
Raleigh, North Carolina, about the
middle of next month. Raleigh is
intimately associated with the youth?
ful life of Androw Johnson, and the
invitation came from old personal
friends. There is also a special oc?
casion for the visit. The long un?
known grave of his father has been
discovered, and the President is to
be a witness of tho erection of a
a monument with which it is to be
adorned. He will be accompanied,
wo understand, by Mr. Seward, and
ono or two others of his Cabinet.
Ho will take Richmond in his way.
and after leaving Raleigh, will visit
other Southern towns; and it is pro
hablo that he will occasionally ad?
dress tho people who may assemble to
greet him. Tho utterances of the
President of the United States upon
political topics are always of great
importance, and tho President will
not fail to give his views upon the
vital questions of the hour.
Another opportunity will be given
tho agitators of tho radical party to
revilo tho President, and to organize
noisy demonstrations against him at
every railroad station at which they
can gather a turbulent crowd. It
will not be forgotten that tho violent
scenes in tho West last year, pre?
concerted and promoted by Governor
Morton, and other reckless radicals,
more than onco assumed tho shape
of riots. If tho radical disturbers
of order should feel therr.ielves incit?
ed to like acts of heroism on the visit
of tho President, wo hope they will
bo mado to feol somo of the disci?
pline they havo introduced into the
North. Tho reconstruction Gene?
ral, in whoso territory a radical mob
may bo tempted to any excesses,
will, without doubt, be able to make
ample military provision to preserve
CARDS! CARDS!-Show cards, busi?
ness cards, visiting and wedding
cards, executed at tho Phoenix Job
Office, in tho neatest styles of the
art. Curds of all sizes constantly
on hand, and all orders from town or
country promptly attended to.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention ia cab?
ed to tlie followirig advertisements, whicl
ans published thia morning fer the firat
J. C. Seeders A Co.- Lemons. Ac.
Sleeting Trustees University ,s. c.
A. lt. Colton-Wolf's Reaper.
Duffie A. chapman New Dooks, Ac.
Jacob bevin Lard at Auction.
S. W. Mi lton -Residence to Rent.
Fisher A Lowrance- Country Flour.
Burr A Lee-Notice.
Long (alosar^ usually uninteresting, but
all consumers .ill be benefitted and h
I rested by reading tho eh tire advertisement
and then examining the stock ef Mr. Ii