Newspaper Page Text
Saturday horning, June 1, lSflff,
Thc Legacy of the League.
Horaco Greeley is winning golden
ojpdruons front ulmost every source.
Tte Albion, of New York, ou organ
of British sentiment and opinion,
highly commends Mr. Greeley for his
firmness, and says that the oivil war
has left many legacies to this country
which could bo very well dispensed
with, and, pinong the rest;, hos left a
politiool inquisition, to wit: tho
"Union League Club, " which, it says,
is an association of the most vin?
dictive and revengeful men o? the
This legacy, with its baleiul influ?
ences in every State in the Union, is
a politiool clique that must soon fizzle
out There ore no enemies to the
Union in any section, and having no?
thing or nobody to moko war against,
this legacy to political profligates will
melt away as speedily as thot be?
queathed to the wildest spendthrift
who ever squandered bis inheritance
in rioting and wantonness. Greeley
has already lashed them into the sub?
missiveness of a spaniel, and, we say,
lay on and spare not, until the land
is cleared of this pestiferous set of
demagogues. In the South, wherever
these associations are formed, they
should be denounced as organizations
opposed to the best interests of so?
ciety, marohing under the bonners of
"loyalty," so-called, but wholly ini?
mical to a free, republican form of
government, in which political opi?
nions need not be swathed in any
mysterious wrappings, and where
freemen Can exercise their highest
political lights and privileges with?
out being bound, hand and foot, by
the fetters of ooths and obligations
administered by scheming dema?
gogues, who would use them as tools
exclusively for their own political ad?
vancement and pecuniary advantage.
Tho rank and file of such leagues will
be counted os nothing, once the
schemes of tho designing leaders
Ihave been accomplished. Tho freed?
men, being the best subjects among
whom those schemers eon operate,
should.take heed that they he not
deluded, and consider themselves
bound by oaths and obligations which,
iu reality, aro of no binding effect.
Brownlow to he Watched.
IA special despatch to the Balti?
more Sun, whose correspondent is
generally reliable, says that General
Thomas was callod tc Washington to
adviso upon the condition of affairs
in Tennessee. It appears that, some
weeks ago, Brownlow iuquired of the
G?nerai whether the State authori?
ties could rely upon him for protec?
tion, in case of any difficulty at the
coming election, and whether there
would be a sufficient number of Fede?
ral troops to quell disturbance, ?fee!
To this, generally, tho reply was in
But not satisfied with this, Brown?
low proceeded to call into activo ser?
vice a State military force. On this
- being done, petitions were seut to
Washington asking for protection
from tho alleged threatening of ty?
ranny and usurpation of tho Stato
Government. These petitions state
that, the threats of Governor Brown
tlow have filled with alarm the law
abiding citizens; that no freedom of
speech or of opinion is to be tole?
rated, but at the risk of life and limb.
They further say, that consistent and
unfaltering Union men desire that
General Grant should soud a sufficient
Federal force to protect tho people.
After due consideration, it was de?
termined, at Washington, to send for
General Thomas. Tho matter was
considered in cabinet, and it was de?
termined to hold a sufficient force in
readiness for the purpose indicated,
General Thomas having full poworto
act as circumstances may demand.
We notice that the New York Tri?
bune, ol Wednesday, does not much
admire this arrangement of the Pre?
sident, but has some hope, from
Gen. Thomas' power in tho premisos,
that "the election will be safe." Poor
Tennessee 1 Wo hopo that the usurpa?
tions of Brownlow are approaching a
finality, and that, ere long, her peo?
ple will be disenthralled and free.
Judgo Shellabarger, of Ohio, is
about to start on a stumping tour
through the South.
This is one of the cobblors who
patched up the so-called reconstruc?
tion bill. His stumping tour connot
moke thiugs much worse than they
are. "Lot 'em rip."
General Halpine, (Miles O'Reilly,)
who figured proniineatly in tho late
war as ? Northern soldier, hita far
nearer tho truth than ninny specula?
tive politicians who are continually
harping on the fidelity and loyalty of?
the negroes during the progress of
tho conflict. In a late number of
his paper, he says:
"If Judge Kelley had been South
during-the war, he could not have
the hardihood-not even he could
to speak of the negroes of the South
aa u they had been loyal to the
United States during the rebellion.
The fa?t is, that ninety-five per cent,
of them were as faithful to the Con?
federacy as any average equal num?
ber of Southern whites. They
formed the quartermaster, commis?
sary, ordnance aud pay departments
of the rebel armies-working faith?
fully and perseveringly at their allot?
ted tasks, although not five per cont,
of the able-bodied whites were left at
home to compel them to this work,
had they been otherwise minded. It
is simply a bald, bold, black false?
hood to speak of the Southern ne?
groes as having been faithful to the
Union, or faithful to anything but
the rebellion, during tho recent civil
And auch is known to be the fact
throughout- the whole South; the
fidelity and their voluntary zeal for
the cause, no less than their admira?
ble orderly conduct, as well as their
devotion to the interest of their own?
ers, were the themes of nniversal
commendation and praise. And now,
when tho former relations are dis?
solved, there is uot a titho of the
whole number of their former mas?
ters who would see them disfran?
chised, or their political rights and
privileges taken awoy, on account of
this fidelity to "the lost cause." On
the other band, if they should, as
their natural instincts would evident?
ly dictate, still adhere to the fortunes
of those who have reared them and
taken care of them, these dema?
gogues would speedily strip them of
every privilege th9y have conferred
upon them for their own wicked pur?
All Honor to Greeley.
Horaco is still master of the situa?
tion, aud having brought the whin?
ing curs of the Un iou League to
their senses, aud given Wendell
Phillips a severo trouncing, ho still
.yields his trenchaut pen against tho
suarlers of the press who continue to
pester him about his signing the
bail bond of Jefferson Davis.
In Wednesday's Tribune, he writes
au article, over his own initials, in
reply to the reiterated questions,
why don't he make somo defence or
explanation of the act referred to?
There is so much of truth and noble
sentiment in tho two concluding
paragraphs, that we republish them:
"Some journals have talked of my
'oomplainiug' of adverse criticism
and the imputation of unworthy mo?
tives. I beg leave to assure them
that I complain of nothing, depre?
cate nothing. Let every ono free his
mind as to him shall seem good.
There never yet was an act so* useful
and noble that a mean soul could not
conceive a base motive for it. The fit?
ting answers to such detractors are
given by silence and time.
"Thoso who aro waiting for such
defence, explanation or apology
from me, will wait forever. My
action in the premises has doue more
good than I expected, and at less
personal cost. I may never again
have an opportunity to do so benefi?
cent an act; but, should I have, I
shall certainly be encouraged by this
experience to improve the opportu?
No man with a base heart or pos?
sessed of unprincipled motives, what?
ever his errors of head may be, could
give utterance to such uoble senti?
ments; clothed iu such titting lan?
guage, asare contained iu thc above
quoted two brief paragraphs.
A splendid lino of steamers has
been established bet .veen Philadel?
phia and Southern ports, with a view
to regain for Philadelphia the trade
of the South.
Sho don't deserve a dollar of South?
ern trade. Let our merchants see if
Baltimore cannot supply them, be?
fore they pass on to tho "City of
Brotherly Love," verily "so-called."
"Tho committee of tho United
States Seuate on Indian Affairs have
postponed their proposed trip to tho
plains until the middle of Septem?
They aro afraid the Iudiaus would
collect their regular poll tax. Let
them come down South; their duskier
brethren don't colleot tax-they pay
Planters in portions of Georgia
' have been compelled to dismiss their
hands and turn over their stock for
want of bread and bacon.
TUB OAT/SE.-The conservative im?
pers of the Nb*th are beginning to
see that governing the South by Mili?
tary law is; injuring the South. The
Journal of Commerce says:
Millions of dollars are'needed A,
the South to-day for the bare sup?
port of life. "Wo are organizing
Southern Belief Sooieties-noble
charities-and they save thousands
from Starvation; but is it to be always
so? Are we to go on, year after year,
making contributions to the poverty
of the South? When is it to end,
and when will they toke care of them?
The answer ia clear as sunlight,
never till you let them, take care of
themselves. It is hopeless to expect
any end*of Southern dependence on
Northern charity, until the North
takes off the heavy hand of military
government. To him who hos not
studied the first element of political
economy, let us explain simply this,
that capital will not move in the
South, money will not go into agri?
culture, credit will not revive be?
tween man and man, until the omi of
military law. Take a man in Ge irgia
who has a hundred dollars to spare
to-day. He has no confidence in
lending it to another man, for he has
no conception by what law Georgia
will be governed next month. He
only knows this, that there is no such
idea left as that ho was born under
namely, that the people of Georgia
make their own laws and govern
themselves in all local matters. No
ono is willing to lend money in a
country where there is no written
law. So long as the pvesoul state of
things continues in tho South, there?
fore, there" can be no credit, no movo
ment of capital, iu small or large
Let the people of the South take
care of themselves, if the North ex?
pects to be freed from the ory of
poverty and suffering which is now
JCDCTE KELIJY OK FINALITY AND
CONFISCATION.-lu his speech, at
Salisbury, N. C., the other day,
Judge Kelly said he beeu asked whe?
ther the Sherman bill was a final
measure. To this he would answer,
that the South itself should decide
that. He then proceeded:
"As to confiscation-of which they
seemed to be afraid-he protested
that, uo matter for all Mr. Stevens
said in his speech, there was not a
Republican in Congress who wanted
a confiscation bill; but if the military
bill was rejected, as the constitu?
tional amendment was, ho would not
say that a restricted franchise might
not follow, or that Congress might
not go further, even to taking from
the men of largo wealth who oppress?
ed the masses a portien of their vast
estates. In conclusion, ho asked
them to believe that this ia thc lan?
guage ho would have spoken in Mobile
had tho people listened to him, and
to assure them that all they read in
thc papers about using exasperating
or offensive words were merely crea?
tions of the imagination."
We copy the following from a Wil?
mington (X. C.) paper, merely to ex?
press our disapproval of the expression
of such sentiments. So far as politics
are concerned, affairs have uot turned
out as we could havo desired; ,but wc
should abide by the result, and take
things ns we find them:
We aro tired of tho suspense and
worry which is augmented by our
present unsi '.led condition, and con?
sequently have no objection to a
restoration of tho Union, especially
as independence is impossible; but
we wish that Dr. Cummings' prophe?
cies may be verified, rather than that
wo should have a re-organization on
the basis of loyalty to the Republican
party. Wo have no interests or sym?
pathies with the members of that
party; every selfish consideration,
every sentiment of honor, every bit?
ter memory of the past, and every
hope for tho future, conspires to
make us hate the party, hate its mem?
ber**, hate its lack of principle, hate
its objects, and hate its very name.
When tho ultimatum of the North
shall require such a surrender of all
that wo have been accustomed to
cherish, or shall demand at our bunds
the degradation which would be im?
posed by co-operation with tho in?
strument of our present distress,
rather than do so, we would let tho
waves leap, lot tho lightnings blast,
let tho ship go down-to tho trou?
bled waters, though they were obe?
dient to our commands, wo would
refuse to say, .'Peace, be still!"
AN AWFUL DISEASE.-A Western
exchange notices the prevalence of a
new disease, called the pipsynipsy,
and thinks it peculiar to that section.
Wo do not know that the exact dis?
ease has nindo its appearance hero,
but the remedy is in general use.
The disease is described as follows:
A sudden depression of the collipsis
dindix, ? caving in of tho spinality of
the backbonibii8, and a feeling of
slimness in the immediate vicinity of
the diaphragm, may be regarded as
symptoms that tho disease is comiug
on. The following remedy will af?
ford instant relief: Spirits viui Otare,
z. i. ; sugarum v. hitum, q. s. ; icibus
coolus, q. r. ;?hakiste violenter; nddus
spriggus miutus duns, and suckite
cum strawum. We have heard it
said that it is worth whilo having the
disease for the sake of the remedy.
MB. BOYCE'S ADYTCE.--Tho Hou.
W. W. Boyce, who, is now practicing
law in Washington, D. C., advising
his old constituents on reconstruc?
tion, tells thom that to stand aloof
from, the ' work of reconstruction
under the law, or vote against hold?
ing a oonvention, will be equally dis?
astrous. Either course, he contends,
will insure a transfer of political
power to the negroec, and "following
upon this will come, not confiscation
by Congress, but taxation from a
radical Stato Legislature, whioh will
be utterly merciless." Such taxation
will be almost equivalent to confisca?
tion, since it would assuredly fall
upon the property-owners under a
dozen different pretences of provid?
ing for the freedmen. There would
be largesses aud pensions, taxes for
the education of the freedmen and
taxes for their maintenance, until
little would be left for the planters to
enjoy. This is the confiscation most
to be dreaded, since it would be in?
dependent of national authority, and
not subject to the influence of na?
tional opinion. The only way to
obviate it is to participate in the pro?
scribed processes of reconstruction,
and so to prevent the exclusive or?
ganization of class or race which
must follow tho do-nothing polioy.
Doing this promptly and in good
faith, Mr. Boyeo thinks that there is
"nothing to fear from the votes or
other action of tho colored people.
What they want, in the meantime, is
the evidenco of au inclination to
deal with thom justly and fairly, in
and out of thc convention. This,
and not party pledges, should go?
vern tho selection of candidates.
Geu. Waddy Thompson, wo learn
from the floridian, recently address?
ed a mass meeting of freedmen at
Madison, Florida, of which State ho
is now a citizen. He spoke of thc
kiud relations that had existed be?
tween him and his former slaves
however changed these former rela?
tions now, they were still very kind.
He spoke of the necessity of union
between tho white and black races iu
their political action. It was by this
association that tho negro would bo
improved aud elevated to suit and fill
the measure of bis new sphere as a
freedman. He appealed to history,
to show that thc elevation of tho Afri
cau race bad ever been dependeut
upon his association with tho white
mau. Their forefathers, brought to
this country in a savage state, under
the tuition of tho whites, they find
themselves elevated iu the scale of
being, placed now upon au equality
beforo tho law with tho whites. Was
it uot to their interests, to tho inter?
ests of all, to continue kind relations?
Tho whites wero willing to accord to
them equal rights beforo tho law.
THE PKOVOST COCBT.-On Satur?
day last, the three freedmen who had
been apprehended for breaking into
and robbing tho store of Dr. .T. M.
Rushton, at Pleasant Cross, in this
District, were brought to trial before
tho provost court, in sossiou at the
the military camp near his place,
found guilty, and sentenced to five
years' imprisonment nt hard labor in
the penitentiary. But on Sunday
night, we regret to learn, they made
their escnpe, and have not as yet been
apprehended, although Maj. Has?
tings, in coinmuud at this post, with
his characteristic, energy and great
perseverance, has had a squad in hot
pursuit of them ever since the disco?
very of their escape. That all or a
i portion of these notorious rascals
will be captured again, v e have not
tho slightest doubt, and hope to re?
cord the fact in our next issue..
EDUCATION OF SOCTHEIIV GIRLS.
A society hus been formed iu Balti
I moro upon tho following basis:
1. Tho society shall bo called "Tho
j Society for the Liberal Education of
Southern Female Children," and
shall have for its members all ladies
who will contribute $5 per aunum to?
ward its support.
2. The object of the society shall
be the education and support of
female childreu from the South,
whom tho cali, ?ties of war have de?
prived of other means of education,
aud whoso families and friends shall
I be williug to entrust them to the
I society to be cared for, and educated
j in the religious faith approved by
their parents or nearest friends.
Alluding to the failure of Fraser,
Trenholm k Co., tho New York In
dependent sa^s that "from the known
large assets of the firm in this coun?
try, it is very generally expected that
the suspension will bo only tempo?
rary. The firm bought i m menso
amounts of proporty in Charleston,
and large tracts of laud in South Ca?
rolina, during the war, paying for
them in Confederate currency, and
in this way acquired vast wealth for
a merely nominal consideration. It
is jisserted that fro ru cp.o-half to two
thirds of Charleston is owned by tho
firm. Reports also stato that, last
year, they paid taxes upou $14,000,
000 property in Son th Carolina."
The town of Claremont, N. H., nt
its last election, voted to instruct tho
selectmen to enforce the liquor law
literally. One of tho hotel proprie?
tors was arrested and fined, where?
upon he closed hi> ' >"je. The pro?
prietor of tho oT other hotel in
tho town followi uis neighbor's ex?
ample. Both hoi retain their re?
gular boarders, but transient cus?
tomers aro referred to the selectmen
for food und lodging.
k REGISTERS or BANKBCPTCT.-The
Washington Chronicle is authorized
t6 state that Ohief Justice Chase has
completed, except in four or five
cases, his nominations and recom?
mendations for registers in bank?
ruptcy. The whole power of the ap
Eointment is with the courts to which
is nominations and recommenda?
tions have been addressed. It is
useless, therefore, to address any
further communications to the Chief
Justice on the subject.
The Providence Journal says a cu?
rions fish of the skate family has been
exhibited in that city. It has a head
like a monkey, with prominent fea?
tures, two legs projecting from the
dorsal fin and terminating in cat-like
claws,- a long pointed tail covered
with bristling armor like an alliga?
tor's, fins like a flat Ash, but fonr
inehos wide, gills on its breast, and
food pipe down the back of its neck.
It was caught in a seine, at Seaconet
There is great excitement among
the distillers in Kentucky, in conse?
quence of being required to pur?
chase an apparatus called a "meter,"
at an expense of several hundred dol?
lars, which, it is said, will mark the
amount of liquor manufactured, and
thus prevent frauds. The people of
the United States are learning a good
many things that they were formerly
When Attorney-General Stanberry
is next called upon to deliver his
learned opinion on registration, re?
construction, disfranchisement, QT
anything else, we hope he will send
for us to help him. We engage to
put his views within one-tenth the
compass of the "opinion" he sent us
on Saturday night and Sunday, with?
out any injury to its sense and force.
THE COST OF MILITARY DESPOTISM.
A Washington correspondent of the
New York Tribune snows that tho
expenses of the War Department, in?
cluding tho Freedmen's Bureau, for
the last two months and seven days,
amount to within a fraction of twen?
ty-six millions of dollars, or, for the
year, from a hundred and twenty to
a hundred and fifty?millions.
A boy, aged four and a half years,
got lost in tho woods, near Durham,
N. H., recently, and was diligently
searched for during the six succeed?
ing days. At the end of that time,
tho child was discovered bj* a dog,
still alive, but nearly exhausted from
hunger and exposure. He had sub?
sisted during that period on leaves
MYSTERIOUS MURDER.-W7e regret
to learn that an atrocious murder
was committed, a few days since,
upon the body of a young man
named Pitts, of the neighborhood of
Scuflletown, in our District. A ne?
gro, charged Avith the commission of
tho crime, has been brought here
and lodged in jail.-Abberille Press.
The Grand Muster of Masons in
Minnesota has issued an earnest
appeal to the brethren of his juris?
diction, to contribute money for the
relief of the starviug people of the
South, the amount to be forwarded
to tho Grand Masters of the different
States for distribution.
Ono of New York's most distin?
guished organists was found, the
other mornings lying dead in tho
streets, and the remains were carried
to the Morgue, for identification, like
those of any common, worthless,
brainless "loafer." This was the end
A lady in Paris receutly gaven con?
cert at her house. "Do you like Bo
sini?" said she, to one of her guests.
"Rositii? Indeed I do; he is my fa?
vorite composer." "Are you familiar
with his Barber (of Seville)'?" "Oh,
dear, no," was the reply, "I always
. A correspondent of the Cincinnati
Gazette affirms that a distinguished
Kentucky Senator boarded with a
colored family while at Washington.
The correspondent obtained his in?
formation from the cook, with whom
ho was ou terms of intimate relation?
EUROPEAN HARVESTS.-Harvest re?
ports from England are generally fa?
vorable. According to the latest ad?
vices from France, the weather
continues fine, and tho accounts
from tho Departments respecting tho
crops are in a high degree satisfac?
A gun weighing 08,915 pounds,
with a twenty-inch bore, arrived in
Jersey City, tho other day, by tho
New Jersey Railroad, from Pittsburg,
where it was made. It is intended
for ono of tho fortifications in New
W. D. Slonn, Esq., a nativo of
Piekens District, died in Pontotoc
County, Miss., on the 10th of March,
18G7, at the advanced age of sixty
years. Mr. Slonn was tho first She?
riff of Piekens District, and emigrat?
ed to Mississippi in 1830.
Gen. D. N. Couch, of Massachu?
setts, it is said, has been elected and
accepted thu presidency of a mining
and manufacturing company that
has roceatly purchased sixty square
miles of mineral lund in Virginia.
Gen. Sherman has been obliged to
abandon his proposed trip to tho
Mediterranean, his presence on tho
frontier being necessary during the
prevalence of the Indian hostilities.
Mrs. Case, the mother of Sam.
Case, tho lad who was hanged for
murder in- Cincinnati, a few days
ago, died on Friday Inst, of shamo
POST OPPICB HOLES.-The office is
opea from 8 a. m. until 3}? p. m.,
and from 6 until 7 pi m. The North?
ern mail closes at 3>? p. m., and all
other mails close at 8 p. m.
EARLT FECIT.-Mr. George Lever
surprised us, yesterday, with a basket
of rosy-red May apples. His gar?
den-"the oity garden''-on the cor?
ner of Green and Gadsden streets,
near the depot of the Charleston
Railroad, will be able to furnish ap?
plicants with choice and early fruits
and vegetables. "We hope to make
further record of his success.
ANOTHER REAPER IN THE FIELD.
An experiment was made on Thurs?
day afternoon with another mowing
and reoping machine-called Buck?
eye, jr. The hour was late, and the
machine had many difficulties to con?
tend with-an untrained team, a
rough piece of ground, bearing a
patch of rye of the extent of about
a quarter of an acre. When started,
however, it soon gave evidouce of its
qualities as an excellent reaper, leav?
ing a clear and close-cut stubble.
Could it have been properly managed
in the contracted space in which it
had to work, every ono present felt
confident it would have been highly
We understand that, on Monday
afternoon, a trial of skill between
Wood's Reaper, which we noticec
yesterday, and tho youug Buckeye
will take place on the same field!
which will be seleoted with a view to\
special facilities for such an exhibi?
tion. Mr. J. C. Dial, the agent of
tho Buckeye, is confident of success.
BULLS OP GENTCS.-The folhfwing
is a batch of bulls, so-called, of ge?
nius. Can our readers discover
them? The first is from Dr. John
'Turn from tho glittering bribe your
Nor sell for gold what goldern uever buy."
"Shakspeare has not only shown
human nature as it is, but as it would
be found in the situations to which it
cannot be exposed."
"The Scottish dialect is likely to .
become, in half a century, provincial, \
even to themselves." I
The following by Cowley:
"Silence and honor lill the place around.
Echo itself dares scarco repeat tho Bound."
Few would call the following lines,
by Milton, a bull; they exhibit truth,
which a close observer often recog->
"The deeds themselves, though mute,
spoke loud tho doer."
THREE THOUSAND CUSTOMERS.
Merchants and those engaged in
other pursuits, who desire that their
goods or their business services
should be daily brought to the atten?
tion of three or four thousand read?
ers, ought to advertise in the Phoenix,
which circulates in every Distriot in
the State, aud more especially in
those which have constant communi?
cation with Colnmbia. This is worth
A LITERARY JOURNAL.-The Gleaner
is a largo eight page quarto journal,
and from the first line on the first
column of the first page to the last
line on the forty-eighth column, it
abounds with select naatter; em?
bracing, besides the nows of the
week, choice tales, sketches and
poetry, which make it, ns ?tssna?^e
indicates, a true "home companied;-**'
which no family in tho State should
NEW ADVEKTISEMENTS.-Attention is call?
ed to thc following advertisements, which
aro published this morning for tho first
($Honse to Rent on Assembly atreot.
J. C. Jannev-List of Lottere.
Fisher A Heinitsh-Family Medicines.
Edward Sill-Horse, Ac, for bale.
E. Stenhouse-Flour, Ac.
D. IL Trezovant- Removal.
H. Ei Nichols A Co.-lus. Companies.
In entering upon the third week ot hts
popular clearing sales, Mr. K. C. Shiver
intends offering some wonders in all styles
of Embroidered Goods. Tho favor and
popularity of thc clearing move induces
him to continue to dispense the great bar?
gains as heretofore.
Tho Commander-iu-Chief of Dis?
trict No. 3 has issued an order
through Gen. Swayuo, forbidding the
police force of Mobile wearing a uni?
form iu imitation of that worn "by
the late rebel army." On Friday
last, tho City Council passed the> fol?
lowing resolution on tho subject:
"That a committee of two members
from each Board, to which his Honor
the Mayor shall be added, be ap?
pointed to represent that tho uniform
in question is not 'patterned after a
rebel uniform,' but 3s a copy of fthe
uniform of the Central Park polirfo of
tho city of New York." /
Tho divorces in Connecticut the
past year number one for over/- ten