Priday Morning, August 16,1867.
Freedom of" tUo Preas.
When General' Popo assumed com?
mand of the "Third Military Dis?
trict,'* one of bis earliest orders,
Arising from the suppression of a
paper in Mobile by a subordinate
officer, was that th? liberty of tho
press was not to bo interfered with.
It was, therefore, with soma surprise
wo road the order, pnblishod yester?
day morning, emanating from the
same General's headquarters. Al?
though the order does not in exact
terms suppress journals which aro
opposed to the reconstruction Acts of
Congress; yet in ordering advertising
patronage to be withheld from them,
it seeks to accomplish the same ond,
and that is tire free expression of po?
litical opinion by the press of the
. Third District.
/Afthongh we differ from a large
.number of the Georgia papers in
their.opposition to convention and
- congressional reconstruction, yet we
flo not think that any interference
with tbo press will contribute to the
ends sought .to be attained by the
Acts of Congsess, or by those ap?
pointed to execute them in the South?
ern Stator.. "We can (barely) undor
< stand why an official in one of the
> thus designated Provisional Govern?
ments of the South should not use
? their position and influence to sway
apolitical opinion; but while they
^refrain from this, we cannot see the
utility or justice of prohibiting them
ifrom giving, as they have heretofore
-done, their patronage, in the way of
advertising, &c to the journals
?which may have been seleoted for
that purpose, irrespective of theil
.opinions on the reconstruction Acte
of Congress. These very enactment*
themselves give the people the privi
lego and right to adopt or reject thei
?ft the ballot-box, and this being th?
final and decisive expression of cpi
nion, it surely carries with it th?
.minor one of saying or advising as t<
what course should be pursued prioi
to tho exorcisa of that right. But
.as Father Ritchie was wont to say 01
-winding up his leading editorials
no i ts verrons.
Our renders must recollect tba
tho duty of registration is incum
bent on every oitizon, not morel
to enable him to oct upon the prt
scut political ?&3U3S, but upon <>ver
othur issue which JU By II Vim;, w .J lil th
present po Iii i cal pressnro is r<
moved. A friend said carelessly, th
other day, that he would be disfrui
chiscd, and knowing that he was en
braced in none of the prohibite
elapses, wo asked him what he mean
Ho roplied, he would voluntarily di
Such a position is utterly wron
and indefensible, for however sore!
wo may feel, however great our di
appointment, however unjust wo mt
consider this or that act of legislatioi
we hold that no mau has a right \
.disfranchise himself. Ho owes som
Ailing more than his fancied all
-gianco to dead issues or to politic
prejudices-be owes a duty to h
.country and to his posterity, as i
American citizen and ns one who d
sires to transmit to those comb
after him the blessings of a free G
vernment. Tho man, at tho prose
juncture of our political affairs, w]
has tho right to preserve his citizc
shii> before tho ballot-box, and t
?clines to do so, from any motivo whi
ever, commits a gravo offence ngaii
the weal of the State. His own d
frauobisemont, pei' se, is of sm
importance; but it may bo of gr?
detriment to the true interests
that State, for the rights of which
her honor and fair fame-ho has ]
rilled lifo on many battle-fieh
South Carolinians, ignore pc'iti
prejudices! The past, with its ini
merablo hallowed associations, 1
.fled forever, and your State, now <
toting upon a new and untried pt
tical existence, demands your s
.vices, to right her upon tho troub
.waves upon which she is now tempe
tossed. If she cannot reach a harl
of safety; if, contrary to plighted ]
litical faith and oft-repeated ass
anees, sbo is still left tc drift at
morey of the storm, let no Carolini
by inaotiou, now or hereafter,
compelled to tako home tho renioi
ful reproach, that ho did not misc
ann to ssve ber.
assaiiiiBH!_J-U-J-?....., '*"1 " ". , iv.
TO O VII WKADTCRS.
After a brief interval, the Phoenix
ibis morning returns to its fronted
proportions, and on doing so, we
desir? to say a iew ? won's to its
readers and advertisers. Tbo pro?
prietor, in the absence of any other
?, weirs journal in tho city daring the
unusually dull business months of
this year, bas labored arduously to
furnish, to the people of Columbia
and of the upper Districts a MEDIUM
OF iNTKLLiaKNCE, and at*a heavy out?
lay-having to bear the whole expense
of telegraphic despatches, whioh it is
the rule to divide among the journals
published in a city-and has given
them tho latest news from twelve to
twenty-four hours in advance of any
other paper. As before remarked,
this was done at an expense which
the receipts of the paper, during an
unprecedented season of business de?
pression and of scarcity of money,
could not be expected to remunerate,
as the old rates to subscribers and
advertisers were strictly adhered to.
As the season for tho revival of bu?
siness, and harvesting the crops, is
approaching, tho proprietor of the
Phoenix feels justified in placing the
claims of the paper prominently be?
fore tho people amoug whom it circu?
lates, and to ask thom for a generous
support, in tho way of subscription
and advertising, as well as job work.
The office is fitted up in complete
order, with abundant material, and
besides skilled and competent em?
ployees in all departments, is under
the personal supervision of the pro?
prietor; we feel, therefore, that we
can put fortb our claims with confi?
Having said this much for the past
and pr?sent of the Phoenix, we may
be permitted to say that no effort will
be relaxed to make it an ACCEPTABLE
NEWSPAPER and a READABLE JOURNAL.
It may be, that with u return to some?
thing like our former business pros?
perity, wo shall still further enlarge
our dimensions, as the wants of our
readers and the community may re?
quire. Haviug put our hands to the
plough, we do not intend to look
back-the simple moaning of which
is, that wo intend to publish at tb?
capital of South Carolina a journal
that will represent and advocate tc
the extent of its ability the best inte
rests of the State, and afford to tb?
people of the rai Idle and upper Dis
trictS a RELIADLE AND PERMANENT
Tho list ol registered voters, thu:
far, ia tho noble old Common wealtl
of Virginia, shows that she is yet i
white man's State. The Richmon(
Enquirer hns carefully compiled a lis
of the registered votera in forty-fivi
Counties, which give an aggregate o
nearly 34,000 voters, and, in thes
Counties, the white majority is near!
19,000. It is also to be noted thu
this list embraces tho leading popu
lous cities of the State-Richmond
Petersburg, Norfolk, Alexandria, ?fcc.
all of which gav?; large negro majori
Of tho forty-five Counties, thirty
one gave white majorities, and th
Richmoud Enquirer believes that th
full returns from tue entire State wi
exhibit something like a similar prc
portion of the two races. This i
gratifying intelligence, for althong
some of the whites registered may b
of the Hnunicutt stripe, yet it :
1 pretty certain that tho conservative
of tho State will have tho coutro
and thus remove the apprehensio
that the political intriguers and mi
. chief-makers would carry the Ol
. Dominion ;.\to the fold of the polit
I cal agitators, who have been ince
; sautly at work among her peopl
. Should the hopes entertained of tl
? political complexion of tho remaii
? ing Counties bo realized, the resu
will bo hailed as a favorable on?
I throughout the South. Nil deep
PUBLIC LAND TO RAILROADS.-It
said that the report of the Qenei
Land Office, next winter, will she
j the number of grants to railroads
all the States. Tho statement w
[ also show the number of railroad
and their length-those that are ru
ning and those in course of constT
tion. This report will be interestin
especially ns to tho land appropri?t
^ to railroads. Tho contrast botwe
the amount given to Southern ai
that given to Northern railroads w
bo very gr??t.
Tribut? at Respect to ?li? Memory of
r'W|?w Hon. Ktlvremi <*. Palmer.'
COLUMBIA, 8. C., Augur* 14, 1887.
At a meeting of the Board of Di?
rectors of the Charlotte and SouJh
Carolina Railroad Company, held
this'day, Col. Wm. R. Robertson, of
Fairfield, offered the following pre?
amble and resolutions, which were
At the last meeting of ibis Board,
but one month ago, there sat in its
councils a Director from the District
of Fairfield, in the enjoyment of full
and vigorous health. That Direotor
is no longer numbered, among the
members of this Board-death has
assigned to him another scene of
life-a different stage of action.
On the 27th day of July last, and
within one week of his being sixty
seven years old, ut his home, in tho
bosom of his own family, and sur?
rounded by sympathizing friends,
Hon. Edward Goudron Palmer
breathed out his life-paid the last
debt of nature.
This interposition of Providence,
to whose decrees we should submit
with Christian resignation, has sum?
moned from amongst us one of our
most useful, energetic and valuable
Directors, and bereft society and the
commuuity generally of a citizen
greatly admired for his numerous
virtues and universally esteemed for
his many estimable qualities.
The deceased was a native of St.
Stephen's Parish, Charleston Dis?
trict; born of most worthy and re?
spectable parents, on the 3d of Au?
In December, 1819, ho graduated
at the South Carolina College, in the
class with the late Franklin H. El?
more and other eminent and distin?
guished public men; and in Decem?
ber, 1821, was admitted to tho prac?
tice of law in the courts of this State.
Being, however, possessed of a
handsome and independent fortune,
and having more taste for agricul?
tural pursuits than the practice of a
dry and tedious profession, he, SOOD
after his admission to tho bar, aban?
doned the legal profession and turned
his attention to plauting, in which
pursuit he waa skilled and energetic,
and would have left a large estate to
his bereaved family, had not the ca?
sualties of the recent war and its
results deprived him of the greater
portion of i*.
As a citizen, he was ever prompt to
discharge any public duty; aa a neigh?
bor, bo was kind and obliging; os n
friend, warm, candid and sincere,
and as a father, husband and brother,
affectionate in the highest degree.
As an evincing evidence of tho
excellence of such qualities, and of
the manner in which they were ap
Ereciated, ho was repeatedly selected
y tho citizens of his District to serve
thom in various public capacities,
and was for many years their repre?
sentative in one'or other branch of
tho State Legislature.
And when that Company, of which
this Beard ia new thc exponent, was
first organized, in tho town of Char?
lotte, ?. C., in August, 1847; and
when it was all-important that a man
of energy, zeal and ability-ono in
whom tho public had entire confi?
dence-should bo placed at the helm,
to pilot her successfully through to
her moorings, tho deceased was, with
entire unanimity, fixed upon for tho
position; and from that timo until
February, 1850, a period of niuo years,
he, as President of the Company,
managed its affairs most faithfully,
energetically and successfully.
In February, 1856, when the Road
was in full and successful operation,
and when its affairs were in a pros?
perous condition, feeling that he
needed and required rest from the
toils and labors through which ho had
passed in the service of the Company,
ho voluntarily retired from its pre?
sidency, and sought repose and qui?
etude in the privacy of his own per?
sonal affairs. Thus ho remained
disconnected from any management
of this Company until February,
18G0, when he was again solicited and
urged to take a seat at this Board,
and contribute his aid and experience
to n service in which ho had, for so
many years, boon usefully and suc?
cessfully identified. Characteristic of
his public spiritedness, he accepted a
directorship, and scrupulously dis?
charged its duties up to the day ol
Thus, whilst occupying a seat at
this Board, where his counsels wer?
always sought and respected, has
death claimed him as its victim, and
created a void extremely difficult tc
be filled. Be it, therefore,
Resolved, That this Board hat
learned with deep and abiding sorrow
the death of Hon. Edward G. Palmer,
late a member thereof, from the Dis<
trict of Fairfield.
, Resolved, That the loss which thc
Company has sustained by the death
1 of ono who was so long identified
with her interest, and who contri
. buted so effectually to the manage
i ment of its affairs, is of no ordinary
character, and one which will bc
found very difficult to replace.
Resolved, That the deep and in
. tense sympathy which each membei
of this Board feels for the bereaved
, family of their late friend and brothel
Director, induces them to offer to hil
1 family their personal condolence foi
. the great afliiction which they have
[ been called upon to bear.
Resolved, That os a further testi
I mony of respect and esteem for th?
memory of oar deceased friend and
brother Director, these proceedings
be inscribed at length ou the minutes
of this Board; that a copy thereof be
forwarded to bis bereaved family, and
that copies of the same be furnished
tho Columbia Phoenix, Winnsboro
Chester Standard and Charlotte
Democrat, with the request that each
of these journals give them an inser?
tion in their columns.
(Signed)' C. H. MANSON,
Sioretary aud Treasurer.
A Disgraceful Outrace In Florida
The press of the oonntry will soon
find euough to ohronicle in the way
of lawless and proscriptive violonce,
without going to Tennessee, if tho
infamous outrage perpetrated upon
our citizens, on the border of this
County, ou last Friday, shull remain
On that day, a quiet country
school-bouse, near the head of the
Miccosnkie, and in Leon County,
filled with meu aud women from the
neighborhood, who had gone thither i
to witness the examination ot the
cbildreu nt the close of the school,
was suddenly surrounded by an
unncd mob of negroes, ?ind guards
.stat inned around, with orders to shoot
any ouo who should attempt to pass
the Hues, while others rushed into
the house itself, demanding tho sur?
render of a negro named Ryal. The
sudden ha upt ion of this armed
aud yelling mob upon a scene HO
quiet, created a panic among the wo?
men and children, who, ignorant of
the precise danger without, rushed
frantically from the building through
doors and windows, while the white
men, unarmed and surprised, could
only vainly try to ascertain tho cause
of this indignity, aud to persuade the
maddened throng to cease from fur?
ther violence. Fortunately the men
who had been stationed, with orders
to fire upon all who should attempt
to escape, moved either by pity or
some ruy of common sense, disre?
garded tho order, and women and
children were soon hurrying ?way
from tho unknown danger.
lu tho meautime, these sable war?
riors, having put to flight tho peaceful
occupants of the house, discovered
Ryal, a colored mau, tho object ol
their search, seated on a table outside
of tho house, and although be wa?
known to be a helpless cripple, un?
able to walk a step, a few of the mort
resolute advanced upon bim, witli
1 heir arms at a charge, and causee
him to surrender.
It may be a matter of some inte?
rest to know what crime against th?
laws of the country, this poor cripph
bad committed, which could in any
? way palliate so flagrant a breach o
I the peace. It was this: Ryal, foi
somo time past, we understand, hai
been traveling through difieren
neighborhoods, endeavoring to col
lect funds for the building of i
school-house for the children o
freedmen, and? while thus engaged
he bas, both in public aud private
urged his fellow-freedmen not ti
trust the protestations of Northen
emissaries, but to vote and act wit!
the Southern people.
This arch conspirator having bec
captured, a council of war was lude
and it was determined to bring bil
before Capt. Gruuwell, of the Bi
reau in Monticello, and accordingly
having placed Ryal upon a horst
they took up their line of march t
this place; camped out about a ml
from town, and tho next mornin?
having left their arms, we beliove, i
the cituip, with a rabble rout, thc
presented themselves with their pi
soner before this functionary.
The Captain, after bearing tl
caso, startled theso sable patriot
J with the announcement, that tb
i was a free country, and Ryal bad tl
right of freo speech, however beter
dox his political opinions might b
and advised bis captors to depart
once to their several fields of indu
try.--.Vonticello (Fla.) Gazette.
The effect of the laws against cv
tiug, and iu favor of planting, tre
in France, has been such that, of hi
years, instead of a steady decrease
1 the extent of woodland in the ei
pire, there has beeu a constant gai
In 1850, tho wooded surface of Fran
was 8,783,343 hectares, or less th
- 22,500,000 acres, the whole numl
of acres of land in France being
. least 125,000,000. In 18(35, the nu
ber of hectares in wood had incroas
to over 9,000,000, or nearly 1.000.C
1 acres moro than fifteen years befo
i Another Fenian leader, "Genen
> Fariola, is said to have turned
former. Fenianism is brimfull
i absurdity, but it is too sad to
' laughed at. The honorable patti
. ism of its objects, the prepostere
? inadequacy of its means, and 1
baseness of so many of its trusl
> agents, make a mournful contre
i But the story is an old one. I
'. land has been for generations fig
? ing against artillery with pop-gi
. and nourishing traitors for her o
NEGRO SCHOOL.-It will be
. membered that a subscription \
. made up by the white citizens of t
[ town some time ago, for tho p
. pose of purchasing a lot upon wh
? to erect a freedman's scbool-bon
: We aro pleased to announce that
j money subscribed bas been collect
the lot pnrohased, and tho title mi
. out to tho trustees of tho school
> bo established.-Yorkville Enquh
HIRD TO BEAT.-The Palmotto fire
engine bas been thoroughly over?
hauled, abd ft night or two ago tho
members took her ous fer a trial.
With the brakes not quite fall of
mou, water was thrown 190^<i feet, on
a dead level. Pretty good, that.
Their handsome engine house is
tenable, although not entirely fin?
ished, and the company is now in
condition to battle successfully with
BKLIOIO?S SEBYIOES.-In accord?
ance with the recommendation of the
Bishops of the Southern Methodist
Church, to-day will be observed as a
day of fasting throughout tho bounds
of the Church, South. Services may
be expected cit the Marion Street
Church, at ll o'clock a. m. The
same Episcopal recommendation sug?
gested that meetings for prayer
should bo hold throughout the week,
commencing last Sabbath, and in
compliance with this request, a pro?
tracted mooting has boon held at the
Washington Street Church during
HEAVY RAXKS.-We havo had a very
heavy fall nf rain, which we fear,
from appearances, has been general.
It commenced raining on Wednesday
morning, about 9 o'clock, and cont,
uued without interruption until yes?
terday, between the hours of 4 and
5 o'clock. A vast quantity of rain
must have fallen, and the water?
courses will doubtless be very much
swollon in consequence.
We lea' ^ that tho trestle work ovei
Crane Cre JK, on the Greenville Rail'
road, was so much damaged that th<
up train, yesterday morning, had tx
return, being nnable to cross.
We fear we will have disastroai
news from the corn crops in the bot
tom lauds adjoining the wate
UNIVERSITY M?DICAL COLLEGE O
NEW YORK.-We have roceived fron
Janitor Stoddard a copy of thc eats
logue of the Medical Department o
the University of New York. Ther
aro over forty professors and officer
connected with the institution, whicl
is believed to be tho largest sargicc
hospital in America. There wer
treated in it last year nearly 3,00
oases, more than half of which wei
' surgical. Owing to being located i
the midst of a dense population, th
College Clinics are carried forward o
a sc?tO elsewhere unattained. Th
number of graduates of the Medici
Department is nearly 2,700, and tl
number of students has been moi
than 8,000. The session for 1867-'(
will begin on Monday, October 1<
1807, and continue until the 1st <
FIRST DAY'S REGISTRATION.-Tl
process? of registration commend
yesterday in this city. Everythh
passed off quietly. We learn fro
Mr. Calnan that tho whole number
voters registered was 107-whites 4
For the information of our veadei
wo have also been apprized, by tl
Chairman of the Board, that ueith
militia nor any other State office
are disfranchised, unless they aftc
wards engaged in or aided and ab(
tod tho rebellion. With reference
this matter, the Charleston pape
"The question was raised at eai
of the precincts, yesterday, wheth
notaaies public and militia office
were entitled to register, and t
matter haviug been referred to t
Commanding General, he decid
affirmatively, and so instructed t
several Bc mis of Registration.
"It will be well for those of c
naturalized citizens who prese
themselves for registration to reme
ber that, according to instructic
from headquarters, tho exhibition
their naturalization papers to t
Board will be required."
We call the attention of the m
chants of this oity to the advert?
ment of Udolpho Wolfe, of N
York, in this day's paper. Mr. Wo
hos boen engaged in his present 1
siness for the lost thirty-eight yea
and is now considered the "great |
man of the world." He was born
Richmond, Ya., and during tho wh
war, it is stated, rendered very qffe
nal servico to our Southern friei
confined in Northern, prisons-3
alono in moro words of encoura
ment or sympathy, but with t:
generosity used his abundant me
to relieve the sufferings of man;
JOB PBOrriNa.- The Job Office of
the Phoenix is as complete as any in
the South. It is furnished with new
fonts pf type of all descriptions and
of the most modern styles. All work
executed promptly, with taste and^
skill, sud at reasonable rates.
NEW AD VXAT?HKA) v. N T s.-Ai fe ut m: i I? call
oil to the following ;AIlvertisemeutb, winer, j
ara published this morning for lb? first
Udolpho Wolfe -Schiedam~Schnapps.
J. 8. McMahon-Residence to lient. 1
Columbia Base Ball Club-Meeting.
Fisher Sc Heiuitsh-Preserving Fluid.
W. B. Johnston-Magistrate, Av..
A fino lot of Diairable Goods havo just
beon oponed by Mr. B. G. Shiver, who still
adheres to his popular principle of good
articles for little mouey. Bead his adver?
tisement, and then examine the goods.
THE COTTON CBOP.-The cotton ^
crop of last year is reported to have '
footed up 1,810,000 bales. It was
predicted that it would be 2,500,000
bales. The crop of the present year
is again set down at the last amount
by many cotton speculators. But we
see no reason to suppose that it will
exceed last year's crop, or that it will
be little more than a third of a crop. I
Whatever greater disadvantages there
may have existed because of the then
brief period for recovery -from the
war, compared with the present year,
we may rest assured that they will be
fully equalled by the disturbing pro?
cess of reconstruction and the party
agitations through the invasions of
radical agitators, who have permeated
every hole aud corner of the South.
Neither cotton nor any other product
of industry eau, if ever again, be
looked for in abundance proportioned ,
to the laboring population, until
peace and a proper social order are
restored. Neither white nor black,
nor the collective Southern commu?
nities, can hope for prosperity until
the time whon wo may behold these
Why do "birds in their little nests
agree?" Because they'd fail ont if
DEW OF THE ALPS.
For salo wholesale by all the grocers in
New Orleans, Charleston, Mobile, Savan?
nah and Now York.
DEW OF THE ALPS
Received the first premium at the Paris
DEW OF THE ALPS.
The manufacturers of the above cordial
not only roceived tho first premium at the
Paris Exposition, bnt were decorated by
DEW OF THE ALPS.
For sale by all the druggists, grocers
and fruit stores in tho United States. .
BRANDY, BUM AND W1NE8.
5,000 cases old Cognac Brandy, imported
especially for privato uso.
300 cases old Jamaica and St. Croix Rum,
bottled before the war.
10,000 cases Madeira, Sherry and Port
some very old and superior-various
brands: all warranted pure. For salo by
Aug 16 Smo 22 Beaver st., Now York.
ESTABLISHED IN 1828.
PARTIES who expect mo to GIN their
COTTON will please notify mo at onco, and
state the probable time and amount to bo
Ginned. W. B. LOWRANCE.
August ll _j_
Tomatoes, Peaches, Okra, Corn.
PRESERVE them for winter use by
using the PRESERVING FLUID just
arrived aud for eulo by
FISHER Si HEINITSH,
. Aug 1G_Druggists.
Columbia Base Ball Club.
THE members of this Club will attend
an extra meeting, THIS (Fridav)
EVENING, at 3 o'clock, at Palmetto Engine
Houso. Punctual attendance requested.
By order of tho President.
Aug IC 1 C. A. CARRINGTON, Sec'y
W. B. JOHNSTON,
Magistrate and Notary Public.
WILL attend promptly to all office bu?
siness. May bo found at the Phoenix I
Oft'u-e during business hours. Aug 16
\ THE large and commodious RESI?
DENCE, on Senate Btroet, South of
Trinity (Episcopal) Church, containing 13
largo rooms, with gas, and extensive out?
buildings attached. It ia admirably adapt?
ed for a first-class boarding house, and,
from its situation, is well suited for a
boarding school. Apply to
Aug 16 Imo_J. 8. MoMAHON.
Wolfe's Schiedam Schnapps are
good for Dyspepsia._
TWO WIDOW LADIES, <
WITH soveral daughters, can obtain!
good SITUATIONS, and steady em- '
ploymont, bv applying Immediately to
CHILDS, JOHNSON Sc PALMER. In this
pity, or at Saluda Factory._Aug 15
Cigars and Tobacco.
THE undersigned bas lust received, and
keeps constantly on hand, a large and
varied stock of CIGARS. Also, a large
supply of SMOKING and CHEWING TO?
BACCO, ot all brands.
Fi A. SCHNEIDER,
Aug 15 Plain street.
Wolfe's St h Irrtum Schnapps aro good]
Twine, Eope, Iron Ties, Bagging.
OrV/"i LBS. TWINE, 50 coils ROPE.
^UU 100 bundles patent IRON TIES.
20 bales superior BAGGING, just rel
ceived. Plantera wdl find it -rroatly bf
their advantage to givo us a call befo:<|
Aug 11 J. Sc T. R. AGNEW.
TH0S. E. GREGG ?V CO.,
STOCKS, Bonds, Gold and Exchang
bought and sold. Office at GREGG
I CO.'S. July 31
xml | txt