Newspaper Page Text
?, , . -. T... .-;-,---v *$?**t!ay Morning, O?tober 22,1867. . Bwatae*? CUn|?i. \ ' .v. i ; Vork Tribuna notices a ,4 change, and wo think a change fox * tho better, in the mode of doing J . business. Thirty or forty years ago, ??fr, -Hue Tribune remarks, most com? me di ties were sold on credit. Nine . tenths of the ,dry goods which left lae Northern markets, were sold "on J time"-so they Baid, though tho time often glided into eternity. - r . , .lu' 1837, as many of us well, remem? ber, a -"very largo proportion of the u importers and jobbers of the country failed, simply because their custom ?i? diu nul, and generally could not, ^ \,' v^pay them. In those good old hal? cyon days, the country merchant . j V : paid a part of his indebtedness every year; bat he bought at the same ' time, on credit, more than he paid ' . -up, so that his debt was steadily ac? cumulating, until "a panie" occurred, ''. when it was wiped out, and the cre? ditor with it. The jobbers were thus ruined, and with them many of the . ' ' importera; but new men stepped in to fill their places, and all went on as ? >\ before-till the next panic. But the late war has wrought a won? derful change on this old fashioned . r^. mode ox doing business. Very few ,i merohants now ask for credit from -, *, . wholesale dealers, and very few are ' ', in .debt; while in the old times, they , ^ere never out of it. The favorable change extends, too, to. the planter, to the meohauic and to the laborer, in every department. . Formerly, the planter, just because he had the credit, would run up a bill with his favorite merohant, that ; swamped up the whole proceeds of his crop; and, in fact, we have known some of them to draw upon a factor, to make up deficiencies-said draft being based upon next year's crop. Then, a bag of^coffee, a barrel of sugar, a cask of bacon, took rank in the long list of supplies the planter bought with his first load of cotton, i ' Now, we soe, as wo did the other day, a former large planter, buy a piece i of bacon and put it in his buggy. No yearly running accounts are now permitted, and the result is, that when tho produce is brought to mar? ket, the planter pockets tho whole proceeds in gold or greenbacks, and hals the whole market to choose from, 1 and is not tied down to his favorite merchant, or bo compelled to pay ten per oent. more for his goods for the sake of a year's credit. Wo believe ;this change in the mode of doing business, is one of the best results ol 1 1 the war, because it benefits every? body; and wo think will be perma? nent, for neither merchant or buyei will be in a hurry to return to thc defunct credit system. The Tribune, in the article to whicl we refer, writes the following curiom but very truthful paragraph: "The decrease of credits is paral leled by the expansion of advertising Firms that fornerly lost $50,tlOJ pei annum by bad debts, now pay tha - amounnt instead for advertising, anc do a far larger as well as safer busi ness than of old; selling far mort . goods at smaller profits, and neve: losing sleep through fear that thei will be driven into bankruptcy by th" failure of their customers. Five pe cent profit on a cash business is fa better than fifteen per cent on ? credit business, beside enabling tb retailer to sell twenty per cent, lowe than he formerly did. He who ha aught to sell ohcap that is real!; worth buying, can always sell it b; efficient advertising. And every da; increases the proportion of those wh prefer to keep their wares until, b; advertising, they can find customer willing to pay cash down for thom." There is no doubt but that judi cious advertising, under the preson cash system of buying and selling, i one of the most powerful agencies i accumulating mercantile fortunes . while, at the same time, it is a publi benefit. It informs the custome where he con got the best and cheap est goode, ?nd it is iauw t?iiiio??l ft invariable rule, that tho merchant wh occupies the greatest space in th columns of the newspaper, hos th largest number of thu best ouatons era. This is simply from tho fa< I that they go into the advertiser' store to buy, not to "look round. "A word to the wise," &o. Tho Darlington Southerner, of tli 18th, contains a four column ad ve tisement from tho ?heriff of that Di trict, of property levied on for taxe BOND OF ^ATWNAWY.--It is -well known, as aa historical foot, that trade and manufactures cannot flou? rish amid the scenes of ?warfare. Therefore, an exchange argaea; arid Tory justly, that fraternal relations among the people ia the only true bond of nationality. Tho people"as a.mass dislike con? tests for supremacy. They wisely believe that individual prosperity, with a due regard for tho rights of others, is national progress. Success in the various departments of busi? ness is the best cure for thc ills which now affect tho body politic. If once again the minds of the people can be directed to tho material interests of the country, and realize the fact that one section cannot,prosper v.-Lils i thc other is impoverished, wo will soon have unity and harmony among the whole American people. THE PBOORAMME IN NEW YORK. The radicals of New York city had a grand ratification meeting on "Wednes? day night. Among other resolutions adopted were the following: "Resolved, That we congratulate our whole country, and tho friends of human liberty everywhere, on the prospect of an early, righteous, and beneficent reconstruction of those States of our Union so lately con? vulsed by rebellion and devastated by war; and we tender to the people of those States our beart-felt congratu? lations on their deliverance trom the scourge and shame of human bond? age. "Resolved, That we thank the Con? gress of the United States for the equity, firmness, and patriotic fore? sight with which it has so steadfastly insisted that such reconstruction should be so effected as to give, the loyal States and people ampio secu? rity against a revival of slavery, in fact or in substance, as well as against a new outbreak of causeless and ruin? ous civil strife. "Resolved, That we ardently desire and will labor to secure the restora? tion to self-government and repre? sentation in Congress of tho ?tates lately in arms against tho Union, at the earliest day consistent with the sure maintenance of peace, order and universal freedom." Theso resolutions arc evidently based upon the idea that the North? ern people are not satisfied with tho 3low progress made in restoring the Southern States to the Union. The radicals understand that the voters desire to see a completo Union; and they make pledges to meet the emer? gency. Congress, too, will take the same view, and will pass such laws as will bring us into the Union before ?.he presidential election. JUDGE AnDiucH TO UE BELIEVED-J The Charleston correspondent of tho New York Herald, of tho 18th, says ihat Judge Aldrich will bo removed by the military authorities for his aon-complianco with Gen. Canby's jrder relativo to juries, and another judge will be appointed in his place THE LATE ELECTIONS.-The New ?ork Times says: The Southern papers have really it last got over their doleful dumps, ind got into u state of something like exhilaration, in view of the lato De nocratic successes. We hate to dash ;heir joy in the least; but it may be is well for them to bowaro of count ng too much on tho lato elections. They by no means provo that the Democracy aro going to sweep the jountry next year, or anything of the rind. They by no means provo that ;he Republican party has collapsed, >r anything of tho sort. They may provo that the peoplo of tho North ire not prepared to endorso tho rovo utionary schemes of the moro violent partizans in tho last Congress; but bey do not prove that tho South viii ovor bo reconstructed according x> the plans of the Copperhead De nocracy. If our Southern* contem? poraries cannot learn this by studying ;he election returns, they will bo aught it by others yot to come. OUT. ACQUISITIONS.-Tho New York Tribune says: The most Westerly inhabited point n tho territory of the United States s in the Island of Atton, (one of the ?ewly acquired Russian group,) in ongitudo 174 deg. 10 min. East. Chis is nearly G2 degrees beyond tho ?Vestern cann of Washington Terri ory, and from our Eastern limit on he New Brunswick border is nearly .20 degrees, or one-third of the cir lumference of the globe. We cannot ay that "the sun never sets upon ?ur dominion," nor does our "moro? ng drum-beat echo round tho world," mt we can enjoy the effulgence of ho god of day for eight out of the 2-? lour-, or nearly twice as long as wo lid be'jre the acquisition of the ic.o >ergs of Alaska. Of course, old Sol tas rathe* a lonely jonrnoy after leav ng Oregon, but then it is a magnifl ?ont expansion-of water, at least, if lot of available territory. ^?^l^^ i H^Jt?/-^ v ?? >> >?H4?< i ?, : ? 1 . ;.?" . , ,, ' '* SuiTrstgo for'Ut?Minc ka. U?dor this caption, the Ne- York T?mas, of the 10th, baa the following remarkable article, which argues that tho States themselves should regu? late the question of suffrage; and, moreover, shows the inconsistency of tho Democratic party on the ques? tion: Wade Hampton adheres to the opinion he expressed some time since, that negroes in the Southern States should be recognized as citizens, and admitted to the suffrage. Ho be? lieves that such a course would con? tributo largely to tho peace and pros? perity of the whole community. He thinks, however, that this should be done by the State and not by Con? gress, and that suffrage for both whites and blacks should be made to depend upon character and intelli? gence. Wo do not doubt that the thinking men of the South generally concur in this opinion. There is much less of mere prejudice against the negro in tho South than among certain classes in tho North. Even before the abolition of slavery, negroes were sure of bettor personal treat? ment from Southern people than from Northern. The South very naturally objects to universal negro suffrage, because they know very well that the great body of the negroes arc utterly unqualified for it-that they know nothing whatever of tho questions which their votes may determine, and that they will inevitably become tools in the hands of demagogues. But there can be very little doubt that if Mr. Lincoln har! lived, or if tho policy of reconstruction which he devised and favored had been carried out, negroes would have been allowed to vote in nearly if not quite all the Southern States, just as fast as they might have become qualified 60 to do. He himself recommended it, as did also Mr. Johnson when he succeeded to tho office; and the general senti? ment of the intelligent political leaders of the South was decidedly in favor of it Tho shallow pretence that this is tho "white man's govern? ment," and that none but white mer should ever have any share in making tho laws and choosing the nilen which all aro required to obey, diec with slavery among all sensible anc reflecting men, South as well a? North ; and it has been reserved foi the Democratic Bourbons of tho pre sent day to revive it and make it th< basis of their political creed. It ought to be remembered, more over, that the adoption of universa negro suffrage, both in tho Distric of Columbia and throughout th< South, is due directly to the Demo eratic representatives in the last Con gress. A large majority of the Re publican party decided in cancu Against it; and when it was propose?. LU Congress to establish intelligenci is a qualification for negro suftVag in the District of Columbia, the De tnocrnts voted with the extreme radi :als against it, and thus secured it lefeat. Universal negro suffrage, with : lisfrauchisement of the great . bod; jf the whites, forced upon the South ?rn States by military power, am 'ending in nearly all those States t ;he absolute supremacy of tho ne ?roes in tho Government, must o lecessity bo odious and iutolerabl ;o the white inhabitants. Even i 'orced to consent to it, such a ste] nust implant in their minds the mos sitter resentment toward those b ?idiom tho blow has been inflicted [ts direct tendency, moreover, is t irray the blacks and whites again ? ?ach other-to make each feel thu ?ho other is his enemy, and thus t ?ow tho seeds of future collision iud hatreds between tho two races [f the work had been done by th leople of those States thenisolve: he result would havo been difieren That it must have been done soonc >r later is certain. Tho negroes i ill tho Southern States are so nume: )us, the capital and industry of tl South aro so dependent upon then hat their admission to tho suffrnp vould very soon become absolute] ndispensablo to tho safety of Soutl ?rn society; and the Southern whit? vould havo consulted their own ii ;erests quite as much as those of tl flacks, by bringing them in ns rnpi? y as possiblo to tho exercise of polit ;al power. Tho violent and arbitrary munni n which Congress has seen fit to sc le this question, is unquestionab mo very powerful element in tho r :eut reverses which tho Republics >arty has sustained in the Northei states. But wo aro glad to see th ?Vado Hampton and other Southe] nen of positiou and influence, ha1 tot changed .(heir views on this su ect. If tho Southern States can 1 ed to take wise and generous actic >n this matter, they will contribu rery largely to the harmony of sem uent between the two sections whit s so important to the welfare ?otb. _? Judge McCandless, of the Unit Jtatcs District Court of Penusylvo.ni ias decided that in bankruptcy CL s he Federal courts have not thc pow o restrain by injunction any acth f State courts in such cases. T udgo intimates that thc power shoo iu bestowed at the next session Jongress, in order to make tho get al bankrupt law effective. _,-_-.-,-; FROM LIBERIA. -Tho Now York Pout says: Lieut. L. L. Lloyd, pf the Govern? ment of Liberia, who has just arrived in this oi>y, iu'ovzuB Un timi there nas been muon excitement and distress in Liberia, owing to the stopping of trade in what is known as "country cloth." This is a cotton blanket which is almost universally worn by the natives. The slaves in the interior of Libe? ria, formerly held in subjection by the native kings or chiefs, have re? belled and obtained their freedom. These kings were partly independent of the Government, and their adhe? rents outnumbered the civilized part of the community by whom the Government of Liberia was estab? lished. It is reported that there is a great want of employment by tho people of Liberia. Many persons aro sent there, but no provision is made to provide them with labor or capital to carry on business. Thero aro no public works and no enterprises to give them employment. COTTON.-Wc have been permitted to make the following extract from a lotter received by ono of our mercan? tile firms, dated Milledgoville, Ga., October 10th: "The low price of cot? ton, though ruinous to UB, will be advantageous in certain results sure to follow. Tho demand for negro labor will not be so great ; wo will have to hire for part of the crop, and let cotton bo the surplus. I shall pay special attention to raising stock, plenty of hogs, corn, rice, small grain, mako tho plantation self-sus? taining, VLV.'I then what I can in cot? ton. Then a cotton crop is extra, and what it brings wo can keep in our pockets. There will be a vast chango in the planting system; heavy manuring to make one acre bring its bale, land lying out in pasture, whore stock can bo raised and fed, plenty of hogs, colts, cattle, sheep, &o." [Savannah Pepublican. Bisuor LYNCH.-Tho Right Be v. Bishop Lynch, who had been in Europe for some months, returned to this city on Friday evening last, and was warmly welcomed by such of his friends as had the pleasure c" meet? ing him. Ho is looking remu/kably well, and is doubtless prepnred to continue with energy the many labors which the necessities of his important diocese compel him to assume. Bi? shop Lynch celebrated Pontifical High Mass at the Cathedral Chapel yesterday morning, and preached an eloquent sermon, in tho courso of which he described the ceremonies which took place at Bomo on the occasion of tho commemoration of tho mnrtyrdom of St. Peter. [Charleston Mercury, 21s/. FIUE-PKOOFS FOR TUE LADIES. An interesting item for tho benefit of wearers of crinoline; tho process of rendering tho materials of ladies' muslin dresses uninflammable is easily understood. Either of three sub? stances-phosphate of ammonia, tungstato of soda, and sulphate of ammonia-can bo mixed in tho starch and, at tho cost of two cents a dress, deaths from burned garments can bo rendered impossible. Articles of apparel subjected to those agents can, if they burn at all, only smoulder; and in no case can they blaze up in tho sudden and ter? rible manner in which so many fatal accidents have occurred. INVALUABLE REMEDY.-The Lon? don Lancet, regarded as the highest medical authority in the world, gives the following as an infallible cure for small pox and scarlot fever: Sul? phate zinc, one grain; fox-glove (digitalis,)one grain ; half a tea-spoon? ful of sugar; mix with two tea-spoons? ful of water. Take a tea-spoonlul every hour. Either disenso will dis? appear in twelvo hours. For a child, smaller doses, according to age. It Btates that if countries will compel their doctors to uso this, there would bo no need of pest-houses. THE CITADEL.-We learn that the houses on tho East sido of Kiug street, between Calhoun street and the Citadel, aro to be razed-all but tho old Guard House-which is to romain. Tho Citadel buildings aro to be handsomely painted, and vari? ous minor improvements made. Thero is au appropriation of soveral thousand dollars for the purpose; [ind tho work, we behove, is to bo entered upon at once. f Charleston News. Simson, tho President of tho now North-German Parliament, is a bap? tized Jew. His Parliamentary ex? perience is very great. Ho was the second President of the German Par? liament in 1848, President of Erfuth Parliament in 1310, ?JU which occu ?ion Bismarck ?orved as youngest 3eoretary nuder him, President of the Second PmsBinn Chamber, and Pre? sident of the fi*.ot North-Gormau Par? liament. PE'.<SONAL.-Tho following gentle? men, composing the Congressional Coromitteo, have arrived in this city, ?ind are stopping nt tho Mills House: Hons. J. W. McClung, Ulyssns Mor 3ur, Pbiletu8 Sawyer, and Henry D. Washburn. They ore accompanied by Colonel N. G. Ordway, Sergeant it-Arms of tho Honso of Representa? tives, and Capt. F. P. Meigs, Clerk. [CJiarleslon Mercury, 1st. LiOO?l X.-tOTCUE*. ?HOIOB OBOCEREB?I.-Mr. George W. Porker (at the nhl Eiobfeage Bank corner) bas just returned from Baltimore, with a complete and well : selected stock of groceries and family supplies. See his advertisement. DEATH OP A COLUMBIAN.-We re? gret to announce the death, in Hous? ton, Texas, on the 2d instant, of yel? low fever, of Wm. Myers, a resident of this city. Poor Bill had numerous friends, and his death will be gene? rally regretted. He was a Lieutenant in Company A, 2d South Carolina Infantry, and served during the en? tire war. Many of his comrades-in? arms will long remember his ex? uberance of spirits and mauly bear? ing on many trying occasions. His ago was about thirty years. Poor. LIEDER.-It was noticed in our paper some time ago, that our fromer fellow-citizen, Dr. Lieber, left tho Bureau of Archives in Washing? ton, where he had beon employed for some time in arranging the Confede? rate war documents. Forthwith the cry was raised that he had been re? moved by tho President for political reasons, and ono member of Congress gavo ont mysterious hints that ho had been dismissed in order to stifle the evidence of President Johnson's complicity iu the assassination plot 1 Nobody-not oven Dr. Lieber-said a word to silence the calumny, which has been circulating ever since. Now, it turns out that he was removed by Gen. Grant, because tho work which he had been employed in doing was all done ! Alas ! poor Yorick. CHILDREN FEEDING A HORSE.-The Phon?v, of the 13th, contained a de? spatch from Washington, to the ef? fect, that a handsome painting, repre? senting two children feeding a horse, captured in South Carolina, by some of Sherman's men, had found its way to the Dead Letter Office. This notice attracted the attention of oui young friend, Charley Marshall, whc recognized the picture, from the de scription, as belonging to Mr. George Kaigler, of Lexington District. Ht immediately forwarded the propel vouchers to tho Post Office Depart mont, and yesterday morning receiv ed tho painting, carefully packed ir a tin case, by mail. It is in excelleni preservation, notwithstanding th< rough usage to which it was sub mitted previous to its reception a the Dead Letter Office. The histor of tliis picture is as follows: It wai painted eight or ten years ago, hi W. H. Scarborough, Esq., of thi city, and was a full-sized representa tion of two children (since deceased of Mr. George Kaigler. On Sher man's grand march through Soutl Carolina, Mr. Kaigler's residence wa burnt, and a number of prized relic carried off by tho soldiers. Tb parents have several times been hean to say, that of all their losses, the^ regretted this picture moro than any thing else; and tho artist had beei applied to, to duplicate it;-but hi declared it impossible. Mr. Marshal will, to-day, return the treasure ti its proper owners, and we readily imagine tho joy of the parents at re coiviug tho "counterfeit present ment" of their lost darlings. A handsome tribute to tho excel lenco of tho work was paid by th officers of the department, from th fact that, notwithstanding a numbe of other articles were disposed ol this was retained, with tho hope tha an owner would bo forthcoming To Mr. Zevelly, tho Third Assistan Postmaster-General, is duo tho credi of making known the possession o this picture by tho Post Office Dc partaient. SUNDAY SCHOOL- PUBLICATIONS.-W have received from the "Sunda; School Board of the Southern Bap tist Convention," of Greenville, ? C. , several neatly printed pamphlet; prepared ior tbe uso of Sunda Schools, embracing "The Sunda School Primer;" "The Child's Qu? tion Book," aud "Little Lossons fo Little Pooplo," by Rev. B. Monly, jr. D. D.; "A Briof Catechism of Bibi Doctrine," by Rev. James P. Boyce D. D.; "Infant Gloss Question Book, by Rev. L. H. Shnok; and "Th Sunday School Teachor's Class Book. ' These publications aro intended, w< presume, for genoral uso in tho Bop bist Sunday Schools, and are admira tfly adopted to the purpose. ;.. .. / ' v >?>? .y ? '. "Y. 4 fx '" From a poem on "The Seasons," , we extract the following on autumn and the approaching winter ; The autumn leaf is frail, The moon at eve is pale, Ana woman's love is pare as the moon's silver ray; Bat the silver moon will fail, The leaf flies on the gale, And love, like ! the autumn, soon passeth away. The frozen stream is still, The wintry air is ohill, And death is yet colder attd stiller ^than they; Bat life's expiring thrill Believeth every Ul, And death, liko the winter, soon passeth away. Bead Udolpho Wolfe's advertise? ments in to-day's paper. M Ain ARRANGEMENTS.-The post office open during the week from 8>* a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from \\i to 2)? p. m. The Charleston and Western mails are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and ; close at 0 a. m. Northern-Open for delivery at lOjij a. m., closes at 1 p. m. Greenville-Open for delivery at 5 p. m., closes at 8 p. m. Having a complete printing office, superintended by the proprietor, we can executo every description of book and job printing-bill and letter heads, circulars, labels, posters, pro? grammes, business, wedding and in? vitation cards, railroad receipts, checks, drafts, &o. BASE BALL.-Oar base ball players will appreciate the following, which is about the "basest" extreme to ' the many fanciful incidents of which the "national game" is accused of: "Speaking bf homo runs-that was an earnest prayer offered by a young deacon, who, fresh from a game of base ball, stepped into the weekly prayer meeting. He was called upon to pray and, in winding up his invocation, said: 'O, Lord, as we start for a home run to glory, don't let us be caught out by the devil on a fly.' " FIVE CENTS.-Tho price of single ., copies of the Phoenix is five cents, and purchasers are requested to pay no more for thom. We aro informed that some of the news-boys charge ten. This is an imposition. NKW ADVERTISEMENTS_Attention is call- " cd to the following advertisements, pub? lished thiB morning for (ho first tlme: Aull & Haltiwanger-Timber for Sale. M. L. Bonham & Co.-Cotton Tax. Richard Flanigan-Boots and Shoes. C. F. JACKSON is receiving goods regu? larly ovory week. They are well selected and sold at low rates. Call and see them. No house sells goods cheaper than he does. A considerable portion of tho time of the last session of Congress was occupied in preparations for a solemn inquisition to determine whether the State Governments of Kentucky and ^ Maryland are Republican in form. This was done simply because they had dared to give Democratic majori? ties. Now that Pennsylvania sand Ohio have done precisely the same A thing, anew Congressional Committees will have to be raised, to inquire into the genuino Republicanism of their forms of Government. Mr. T. B. Braddy, of Little Rock, Marion District, S. C., was released yesterday, upon bail, from Castle Pinckney, where he had been con? fined for two months, upon some charge dating baok to the period of the war. From Mr. Braddy, we learn that there are at present in Castle Pinckney, about forty-five prisoners of all descriptions, and con? fined upon cilery species of charges of crimes.-(marleston News. POST OFFICES RE-OPENED.-The following post offices have been re? opened in Kershaw District: Lynch wood-W. Yarborough, P. M. Flat Rock-G. P. Copeland, P. M. Lib? erty Hill-Henry L. Brown, P. M. Tiller's Ferry-Elisha W. Hall, P. M. A human donkey, at Chicago, waa staring at a man's wife tho other evening with a-lorgnette, when the married man took the printed card, "Taken," which lay on a reserved seat near by, and held it up before ' his wife. Donkey looked no more. A young lady went out with a rather timid beau sleighing one even? ing, complacently remarking to him that she seidom went a Sleighing but she got ohaps on the Ups. The young man took the hint and chap? ped. The Lowell Courier says: "A cool reply was that of a Major-General who, on knocking at a door and being isked who was there, answeroi: 'It is t Sickles.'" Bov. Miss A. J. Chapin has been rolled to tho pastorate of a church at. VIount Pleasant, Iowa. She is said ;o bo a Anent preaohcr. They that laugh at everything, and hey that fret nt everything, aro fools dike.