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. THE DAILY WM PHOMX.
Daily Paper $8 a Year "Let our Just Censure ^^J^^S^^SS^^^Bk Attend the True Event." Tri-Weekly $5 a Year BY JULIAN A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 23, 1867. VOLUME III-NO. 185. * THE PHOENIX rUBlisHED DAILY AND TBI-WEEKEY. THE GLEANER, EV Ell Y WEDNESDAY MOEN INO. BY JULI?N A. SELBY, CITY PRINTER. Office on Alain street, a few doors above Taylor (or Camden) Btreet. TERMS-IN ADVANCE. SUBSCRIPTION. Dailv Paper, six months.?4 00 Tri-Weekly. ?? " .2 50 Weekly, " " .1 50 ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted at 75 cents pei square for the flrat j insertion, and 50 cen tB for each subsequent. Weekly 75 cents each insertion. 49" A liberal discount made on the above I rates when advertisements are inserted by \ the month or year. AGENTS. W. C. Moore, Abbeville. J. R. Allen, Chester. Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H. 8. P. Kinard, Newberry C. H. W. T. Bims, Union. J. M. Allen, Greenville. South Carolin? Blanofactorlc?. TAMOSSF.E, PIOKENS DIST., S. C., October 18, 1867. To Hiram MiUer, Esq., New York. MY DEAR FROKT>: After traveling through the Western and Northern States, I bave been much s track with the sad contrast presented by the present condition of our beloved Sonth. Throughout the entire Une of my travels, North and Weat, the evidences of thrift, enterprise and progress were everywhere discerni? ble. But here, where nature has been so bountiful in her gifts, there are constant evidences of decay and discouragement, tending to utter stagnation. It is not my purpose to allude to the too well known causes of this state of things, but to assure you that I see the remedy. I know not how to impress my convictions npon you in a more forcible manner than to relate to you n few of the facts and observations from whioh I have drawn my conclusions. In my travels through the npper portion cf the State of South Caro? lina, I visited a small cotton factory, about twelve miles from Greenville Court House, called Buena Vista. It was worked by water power, and employed about thirty operatives, ana, upon careful inquiry, I ascer? tained it was a very successful enter? prise. Mr. Lester, one of the pro? prietors, informed me thnt during the war they had worked two sets of hands, running day and night; since that time, they have doubled their machinery, and that one of their firm was thon North, engaged in pro? curing a still larder amount of ma? chinery. Mr. Purifoy, the agant .of this factory, told me that they could draw on New York for the full value of their yarns upon consignment, being at all times a cash article; and that if they had the necessary amount of capital, they could increase their business an hundred fold; that labor was abundant, the late war having left the country filled with widowB and orphan children, to whom, this occupation was a blessing, and almost their only resort, next to working in the open fields. Upon inquiry, I found that their wages was $2 per week, and the agent informed me ' that they expended nearly all their ' pay in the factory's store. They fur- 1 nished goods nt such prices as made 1 their wages really nett them fifty ' cents per day. This seems like very poor pay; but, when compared with tho cost of living here, is, I am sure, fully equal to the pay of operatives in the New England States. There is another factory within a few miles of said factory, where they weave their yarns into cloth, employ? ing about sixty hands. This is also in a flourishing condition; and, as far as I can ascertain, most of tho cotton factories in the State are doing well-tho one nt Pendleton being about to double its machinery. Prom these and similar facts, I have become thoroughly convinced that if wo of tho South were but to devote a tithe of our energy and capital to cotton and other manufactories, that we could, with tho nid of our great natu? ral advantages, oro long, wrest from tho Now England States tho palm of manufacturing supremacy on this continent, and render our people in every way moro independent and happy. It is, indeed, strango that our capitalists havo been so long indifferent to tho great natural ad? vantages wo have over New England, in this powerful, wealth-producing business. Should it bo asked iu what do these advantages consist, I would reply: 1st. Is not tho cotton grown at our very doors? Would not all tho ex? pense of transportation, commissions, insurance, &e., bo saved? (A very handsome profit in itself.) 2d. Have we not a market at home and in New Orleans, which could be supplied by our factories at less "t cost than~tbey could possiblybe from the Nev/ Eng? land States? dd. We have abundant water power-the finest in the world -and much of it so situated that it can be made available nt much less cost than those of New England generally. I know of one in this vicinity that has sufficient power to ran all the mills nt Holyoke or Chico pee, where nature herself has been the architect, constructing an im? mense natural dam, race, &c., as though it wero expressly designed for the ?ito of large factories. It is. without doubt, the finest in this sec? tion of country-nature having left scarce anything for mau to do, save to adapt his machinery to it. The most skillful millwright could not imagine a combination of all the requisite elements superior to this one. Here we have a never-failing mountain stream precipitated over a precipice fully thirty feet in height, with ?n immense natural dam ol solid granite; the land so situated immediately below the fall as to pre? sent most admirable sites for the fac? tory building. On the other side, s beautiful hill to locate a factory vil? lage, from whose crest a magnificent view of the Blue Ridge Mountains it presented, scarce three miles distant, shutting out the North and North' west winds; surrounded by abundnnl springs of the coldest water; a cli? mate subject to no extremes of heat or cold; where doctors find it hore to make a living; where ohills ant fevers are not known, except whei brought from the low country, fron whence invalids frequently resort tc gain exuberant health from tho pur? mountain air aud clear natural foun tains; where there is also abundan fine building stone, lime and timber jast where it is wanted. Little River rises among the moan tains of the Apalachian chain" ii Pie ken s District, S. C., and fiowin? along the Southern slope betweei wooded hills and fertile and cultiv?t ed bottoms, unites with the Tamas seer Creek and other tributaries; nati its volume equals twenty-five feet i: width by five feet depth at its lowes stage- of water. It is here suddenl arrested, and its current brought a most to a stand-still by this hug rock dam, full twenty-five feet broa on top, and almost level, stretchin directly at right angles across the be of the stream for full one hundre and fifty feet in length, causing tb water to back up and spread out t near about the same width. Close i tho right bank there is a break i this dam of about twenty-five feet i width, in the centre of which brea there is a largo rock projecting froi the immense rock-bed below, whic forms a central pier as of a bridg the banks on either side are of soli granite rock, and forms abutmen on both sides immediately above tl dam. It is only through the bret before described, that the divid? waters tako their leap down tho rocl chasm, within the distance of a hu: dred yards, to a pool full thirty fe below the .level of the water, abo' the dam. Statoding in the centre this rock dam, you can dip your har into the stream above, while you ci ?hop a pebble into the river belo1 a perpendicular height of thirty fee though the face of the fall is not pe pendicular, but abounds in numero cascades, bounding, dashing ai foaming among the rocks belo' where a sudden bend in the riv takes its further course out of vie On your right hand, just below tl Abutment rock, the land gently slop )ff to near a level, and no one cou loubt that this is the spot for facto Buildings. Tho break in the dai with its central pier, could be lock ivith a flood gate, or could be wall ip with rock and cement in a ? lays, placing the entiro stream uno nunan control, by opening a flu? sr race behind and around the roc \butment before mentioned. A here I would mention, that if au ad tional height of fall were requiv? this could be readily increased to li feet by building upon tho natu dam from abutmont to abutment, examining the spot where I propi tho race should bo tut, I ".van c prised to find a nutural opening propor dimensions in tho rocks, a extending near half tho requisito t tance, though it was choked up w earth and rooks. This is wha meant by a natural race. ' I visited this spot with Mr. Ch topher Jones, who owns Beveral th saud acres of land adjacent to i including this mill-site. He purcl ed this tract in 1862, with tho expi view and intention of carrying the parp?se to which both nat and human roason so strongly p< as tho legitimate objects of this ha; combination of elements; and not tho late war deprived Mr. Jc of a large portion of his means, this locality would, ere this, have been known as the site of one of the largest cotton factories in tho Southern States. And now, my dear sir, I arrive at the object of this communication : Mr. Jones, unable himself to accom? plish this object, is not willing that the country should be deprived of the advantages he is convinced would grow ont of the improvement of this mill-site, and with commendable liberality, h? offers to donate this mill-site, together with an hundred acres of land, to any man or company of men, who will properly improve it. ' The land will embrace the site of the mills and village, extending on both sides of tho river. He will also guarantee to them abundance of good building stone-rock, lime and timber, for the constructing of all their buildings; and if not objected to, will invest in tho enterprise $10, 000 in a capital of $200,000, or $5,000 in a capital cf $100,000. The location of the mill-site herein described, is ten miles from Wal? halla, in Pickens District. There are daily trains from Walhalla to Colum? bia and Charleston, vin the Blue Ridge Railroad. When this road is completed to the tunnel, which is now two-thirds finished, tho line of the road will pass within six miles of tho mill-Bite. Labor can bo readily obtained here, and at low rates of compensation. There are several mining operations going on in this vicinity, and the country gives evi? dences of being rich in gold and sil? ver. I have visited these mines and washings, and found able-bodied white men working for sixty cents per day, and finding themselves. In connection with this proposed factory, probably there is no section of the country that more needs a store, to which a large trade might be drawn from and beyond tho moun? tains. Though tho people are poor, yet in the way of bartering for wool, hides, grain, kc, this could be made a profitable auxiliary to the factory. A tannery should also be added, aa oak bark and hides aro plentiful. I enclose you a truthful article on the cost of provisions in this section. Any further information will be cheerfully furnished by Mr. Christo pher Jones, who resides two miles from the mill-site, and whose post offlc^ is Walhalla, Pickens District, S. C. Now, sir, I am convinced that this is one of the finest opportunities for investment to be found in tho whole country; and was it known in the right quarters, Mr. Jones' offer would not be long open. And it is with the view of letting it be known to enter? prising men of capital, that I address you this letter. Will you be so kind as to make such use of it ns you may think will best promote tho object. To all who may inquire, assure them, as I assure you, that I have no in? terest whatever in this matter, save and except the interest I feel in the welfare of my country; and my con? viction that wo ought to become a manufacturing, as well as an agricul? tural people. Yours truly, CHAS. H. FONDE. SPECIAL NOTICES. NEW M AUK IA GK GUIDE_An Es? say for Young Men, on Physiological Er? rors, Abuses and Diseases, incident to Youth and Early Manhood, which crcato impediments to MARRIAGE, with ?ure moans of relief. Sent in sealed lotter en? velopes, freo of charge. Address, Dr. J. SKILLIN HOUGHTON, Howard Associa? tion, Philadelphia, Pa. Sept 25 3mo WHEATON'S OINTMENT will euro the Itch. WHEATON'S OINTMENT will cure Salt Rheum. WHEATON'S OINTMENT cures Old SoroB. WHEATON'S OINTMENT cures all Diseases of tho Skin. Price 50 cents-br mail CO conts. All Druggists sell it. WEEKS k POTTER, Boston, Mass., Proprietors. Sept 18 fly DEW OK THE ALPS. For salo wholesale by all tho grocers in New OrleauB, Charleston, Mobile, Savan? nah and Now York. DEW OF THE ALI'S Received tho first premium at the Paris Exposition. DEW OF THE ALI'S. Tho manufacturers of the above cordial not only received the lirst premium at tho Paris Exposition, but were decorated by tho Emperor. DEW OF THE ALPS. For salo by all tho druggists, grocers and fruit stores in tho United States. BRANDY, RUM AND WINES. 5,000 cascB old Cognac Brandy, imported especially for private uso. 300 cases old Jamaica and St. Croix Rum, hottled before the war. 10,000 cases Madeira, Shorry and Port some very old and superior-various' brands: all warrantod puro. For salo by UDOLPHO WOLFE, Aug 16 3mo 22 Beaver st.. Now York. ESTABLISHED IN 1828. TF NOT, CALL AT ONCE AND EXAMINE THE CHOICE SELECTION OF AND WINTER GOODS NOW OPENING, and FOR SALE, and cheap enough to satiety tho moat economical, at tho atoro of M. WINSTOCK. Tho Ladica' attention ia particularly invited to tho stock of ORV COOOS, Consisting; of PRINTS, beautiful patterns and fast colors; Brown and Bleached DOMESTIC8, good and cheap DELAINES, ALPACAS, FLANNELS, LINSEY8, OASSIMERES, for Genta and Boys, and PIECE GOODS of all description, ALSO, BREAKFAST SHAWLS, SONTAGS, NUBIAS. CHILDREN'S SACKS, HOODS, SCARFS, 40. ~\VhL|te Goods of* all Descriptions. Ladies' Cloaks of" til e Latest Styles, New Style of Balmoral Skirts, All Descriptions of* Hoop Skirts. ALSO, A FULL ASSORTMENT OF GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS. COUNTRY DEALERS, and tho PUBLIC IN GENERAL, aro respectfully invited to call and look at my goods, as they will bo shown with pleasure, ana you w?l find that wo sell cheaper than the cheapest in tho city. ivr. >v IIVSTOOK:, October 15 MAIN STREET. R. C. ANDERSON HAS JUST RETURNED FROM NEW YORK WITH THE MOST OF GENT'S READY-MADE CLOTHING TO BE RHINO Itt THIS MARKET. Il - CHEAP CLOTHING, GOOD CLOTHING and tho VERY BEST OF CLOTHING. Tra Suits from $6.50 to $75.00: or, in fact, at anv price to suit your pocket, if?f Children's, Boys', Youth's and Young Meu'a CLOTHING, an excellent aaaort JHLmcut, REALLY CHEAP. GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS. TRAVELING SHAWLS. Lan Robes, Cardigan Jackets, Wool Scarfs, Rubber Over Coats, Capes,. Ponchos and Rubber Traveling Pillow*. SCATS AND OAFS. A superb assortment of Gent's, Youth's and Children'?, SILK, CASSISIERE, BRUSH FELT, WOOL and CLOTH HATS, all of thc most fashionable siylua. ALSO, . UMBRELLAS, TRAVELING TRUNKS, CARPET BAGS, VALISES, LADIES' HAT CASES, ?cc., ?LC Having Mr. W. W. WALKER with mc, and a splendid assortment ot CLOTHS, CAS SIMERES, VE8TINGS, Ac, on hand, wc aro prepared to mako up to measure, at Bhort notice, ANYTHING A MAN WANTS, at prices to suit tho times. October 13_It? C. ANDPKSOS, Aff.^nt. SOUTH CAROLINA COTTON GIN WAREHOUSE. LATEST IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY, M A N D FACTO KED AND FOR SALE, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, BY A. R. COLTON, COLUMBIA, S. C. i IH TnE facilities I have for MANUFACTURING-and connection with moro than twontv Firat-Claes Manufacturera-warrant me in ofiering the moat liberal induce menta to tho largest dealers. Orders respectfully solicited and promptly executed. Descriptive catalogu?e sent free. September 20 A. R. COLTON. DILLON'S PATENT 1.MVE?SAL COTTON TIES AND IRON HOOP " THIS TIE, with the HOOP COMPLETE, weighs no more than tho usual Rope used in baling cotton, and/renders an allowance for taro unnecessary; tho ONLY TIE REQUIRING NO SLACK WHILE PUTTING ON, and ia so perfect that tho necessity for hoavv hoops, to mako up for detlcioncies in tho tie, is entirely obviated. Can bo sold by tho pound or ton as cheaply as tho heavy hoops and less perfect ties. Each and'overy tio is warranted perfect. Scionco and practical use wid have the effect of the Iron Tie ontircly superseding tho nao of ropo-its combination of advantages, its preservation or the cotton when baled from cuiiaumption by Ure, rendering its security to Insnrance Companies a matter for consideration, both while in warehouse or on shipboard, and ita simplicity of use and economy combined. ?a_ For Bale, in largo or small quantities, by J. ft T. R. AGNEW, Aug 25 Columbia, 8. C. FISHER & LOWRANCE, ^COLUMBIA. S. C. New Buckwheat. FOR SALE LOW, by Oct 12 FISHER Sc LOWRANCE. Mackerel and Herring. AFRESH SUPPLY received to-day, and for aale, by Oct 12 FISHER & LOWRANCE. Hams! Hams!! 3TIERCES Canvassed HAMS, for sale by FISHER Sc LOWRANCE. Oct 12_ Weeden Ware and Brooms. "i K DOZ. PAINTED PAILS, X.tJ 10 doz. Cedar PailB, 35 doz. Brooms, in store, and at low prices, by Oct 12 FI8HER Sc LOWRANCE. Twenty Dozen Canned Oysters, -I rv DOZ. CANNED TOMATOES, JLv/ Green Corn, Jellies, Gherkins, Mixed Pickles, &c. Received to-day, and for salo low, by Oct 12 FISHER & LOWRANCE. 300 SACKS SALT, 5BALES BAGGING. 200 pounds TWINE, 30 coils ROPE, in store and for sale low, by FISHER Sc LO Wit ANCE. Oct 10_ Tobacco, Tobacco. BY tho box or at retail, low for cash, by Sept 29 FI8HER Sc LOWRANCE. SUGAR, COFFEE, MOLASSES, GOSHEN BUTTER, LARD, SUGAR HOUSE SYRUP, BACON, PICKLES, RICE, CHEESE, ETC. IRON, STEEL, Axles, Springs, Carriago Materials, Parlor Matches, Etc. Sept 20 FISHER Sc LOWRANCE. TH? TRIUMPH OF AKTI MORE TESTIMONY IN FAVOR OF Helnitsh^s Queen's Delight. EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS: "Tho Queen's Delight is beginning to awaken the attention of onr physicians. Its remarkable curative power is seen in its wonderful effect upon disease. As a bloda purifier, there is no medicino like it known to the profession. A gentleman told me that his son has been taking the Queen's Delight, and is more benefited by it than by any other medicine. Ho wants a dozen bottles." Extract from a letter: "It is duo to you to state in this public manner, in order that tho people may know tho truth, that I have tried your Queen's Delight, and found it not only what you said it was-"a pure medicine"-bnt tho beat medicine I nave ever taken for eruptiotiH and general bad health. I had an eruption all over my body, with impaired digestion and disor? dered liver, and have tried a great many medicines without any benefit. I have taken one bottle of your Queen's Delight, tho eruption has disappeared, my appetite is butter, my liver and digestion is im Eroved. I am satisfied one or two moro ottles will cure mo." Extract from a letter: "At tho close of the war, my constitution was shattered. I could not eat, sleep or perfornvany duty whatever, such was my prostrate condi? tion. Medicine and medical aid I had in abundance, such was my condition up to a few months since, when I bopan the use of ymir Quoeu'e Delight. I have usod two bottles, ray constitution id greatly im? proved, my appetite is good, enjoy refresh? ing Bleep, and am able to perform my share of daily labor." Extract from a lotter-Wonderful effect of only one bottle: "I have used only a half bottle of 'Queen's Delight* for boils and eruptions of the t'sin and itching hu? mors of tho blood, which annoyed me very much. I am enti-roly cured. I think your medicine a valuable one." A romarkablo case of liver complaint and boadacho cured bv tho uso of "Heinitsh'a Queen's Delight:"* A lady of unquestioned worth and reputation voluntarily gives tes? timony of tlie wonderful effects of this medicine. Sho has boen from early years a martyr to headaches, caunod by imper? fect action of the livor, producing intenso headache and pain over tho eyes. Sho has taken only four bottles, and assures us of tlie perfect cure it has mado. She now en? joys Hood health. Still another: "During laBt spring, I had been troubled with obstinate chills and fever, which, when cured, loft my system in a wretched condition, blood impure, and T was afflicted with an angry, and, as I at one time thought, an incurable, cutaneous eruption over my entire body. Tho most violent remedies suggested failed to work a cure, until, at tho instance of a friend, I tried Dr. Heinitsb's Queen'? Delight. Less than two,bottles cured me, leaving my skin in a healthy condition. My general health is as good as over. For such purposes, I havo, over since my cure, unhesitatingly recommended your Queen's Delight." Don't buy anv but tbo right kind. All genuine Queen's*Dolighthas tho copy-rigbt mark on the outside, and it is tlie only medicine which produces thcBo wonderful cures. For salo wholosalo and retail at FISHER Si IIEINITSH'S ! April _ 1)rn^*?re._ BARLEY ! BARLEY ! ! "TTTE WANT about 3,000 bushels of good YV clean Barloy, for browing Lager Beor. The cash will be paid on delivery, at market ratea. J. ( .?EEGER? & CO.