Newspaper Page Text
MUNICIPAL OFFICERS-CITY OOJJUMIIIA.
COT,. J. P. THOMAS.
For Aldermen.--WARD NO. 1.
T. W. RADCLIFFE.
WARD NO. 2.
C. A. BEDELL.
R. L. BRYAN.
O. Z. BATES.
WAItD NO. il.
W. P. GEIGER.
W. T. WALTER.
WARD NO. 4.
W. C. SWAFFIELD.
L. P. MILLER.
Saturday Morning, Jone 13, 1868.
Presidential Canvass in South Caro?
On tho Fourth of July next, tho
national Democratic party will meet
in Convention to nominato a candi?
dato for tho Presidency, and to pre?
sent a declaration of principles.
After this has boen done, then the
issuo with radicalism will bo joined,
and our work put before us.
Wo hope that the united Demo?
cracy of the State will then go to
work, from Oconeo to Charleston,
and from Abbeville to Horry. The
most important issue that has ever
yet been before tho country, will bo
presented. It is not only to bo con?
sidered, whether tho South shall bo
redoomed, but whether, on this con?
tinent, free institutions shall prevail,
or not-whether wo shall havo a Con?
stitutional ruler, or a military despot.
Hore, in South Carolina, the issuo
is specially important to us. To carry
the State for tho Democratic nomi?
nee, which ought to be our earnest
object, we must go to work, and to
work in a practical, business-like,
common SCUBO way. In this vital
tourney with radicalism, no car?
pet kuight will win tho day.
In this political struggle, no
kid-glove politician will effect the
object in view. Wo shall need oarn
cst workiug men on tho political
field. Wo shall require men who
will take (heir coals oil', roll up their
sleeves, and work from day to day
work with the pen, work with tho
voice, work with their influence,
work in every legitimate way.
Nor must we disdain to got tho
colored vote, il' wo can. As for our?
selves, we shall not decline thu honest
conservative colored man's aid, when,
invested as he has been with tho right
to vote, he comes forward and offers
io help us to save tho Commonwealth.
To win in tho coming fight, wc must
accept every recruit wo can get.
But lot it not be assumed that we
propose to secure tho colored voter
by any means inconsistent with our
own principles or his interests. Tho
negro votes. We may not like it.
The negro, nevertheless, does vote,
and this fact we cannot ignore. Now,
that philosophy is the best, which
bravely looks events in tho face, and
accepts, with equanimity, that which
is. Hence, in view of surrounding
circumstances, wo advocate the policy
of winning tho colored man's vote,
for Ilia own interests, and our own in?
f?rants. And this, we conceive, is ono
of the most important objects to be
kept in view. Vote lite colored mun,
for you vote him for your own bene?
fit, and i/ott vole him into a future fur
his o urn r< ice.
Let tho colored man understand,
for it is tin; truth, that when he
voles and ties himself to radicalism,
ho decrees his own doom, but that
whoa he attaches himself lo tho De?
mocratic party ho has put himself in
tho direction o? the truo interests of
bis people. He lives with Democra?
cy, but willi radicalism ho prepares,
ns a race, to die.
Apromiucnt and well knowu gen?
tleman of Greenvillo is pleased thus
kindly to allude to the earnest efforts
of tho Phonix. lu renewing his
subscription, bc adds:
"I tnko pleasure in saying, 'Well
done, thou good and faithful servant.'
i think our success, both in Green?
villo and throughout tho State, is
mainly attributable to your paper.
Wo should thoreforo 'render unto
Crosar tho things that aro Cicsar's.' "
Wo aro gratified boro at tho harmo?
nious action of thc late. Convention.
With high regard, ?tc, your obe?
-? <? ? ?
Tho dog detectives in tho East aro
doing a lively business.
In yesterday's issue, by somo acci?
dent, tho following article became
strangely mixed-sontences trans?
posed and language omitted, and
language put iu. It appears cor?
rected thus: '
1. It may bo woll to remark, that
tho State is not to be saved, in this
emergency, by a statesmanship
winch may bo summed up in threo
words, to wit: "Danni the negro."
Nor is it to be redeemed from negro
Burjreruucy by reiterating tho declara?
tion that "this is a whiteman''sgovern
ynent." Instead of repeating this state?
ment, timo and again, let us go to
work and seok to make il a govern?
ment under while control.
2. In tho Colombia Convention,
General Gary, of Edgofiold, stated
that tho question of suffrage-so
grave a subject-ought not to be
controlled "by beardless, inexperi
ouccd mon," and added: "It belongs
to those who havo mad'j tho matter
tho study of a lifctimo, to meet
calmly and decido what shall be the
political action of tho State."
Our friend is strangely inconsistent
here. Ho makes this suggestion of
modesty, just after saying that he
would not defer to General Hamp?
ton's viows on tho subject (an older
and more experienced man than he,)
and, not long after, saying that "ho
was not ready to pin his faith to the
coat tail of any mau."
Now, wo havo this to say-that, if
tho question of ago and experience is
to decido between tho two policies
which General Gary discusses, oven
thou our friend would find that ho
hos no advantage.
Although peace has boen declared
between us, tho General will indulge
us in a friendly tilt. Our friend seems
to think that Edgeficld is a unit with
him against anything like suffrage to
the negro, and yet, in this issue, wo
publish tho proceedings of an Edge
field meeting, opposing his views.
But this is not the point wc desire to
In thc Columbia Convention, Gen.
Gary exhibited the strange incon?
sistency of proposing nun-notion
upon tho issue of qualified suffrage,
and immediately thereafter of speak?
ing vehemently against that feature
of tho April resolutions. However,
let that pass. Tho matter is no
longer at issue.
But General Gary charges some?
body "with tho atrocious crime of
being a young mau." Let us say,
that vonerablo beards often accom?
pany wisdom and moderation; but,
after all, better than beards is brains.
And thus, in considering tho argu?
ments which different men may put
forth on a given subject, it is moro
important to find that the parties
show heart/ brains than long bear/Is.
In this friendly thrust, our friend,
the war Democrat of "old Edgeficld,"
will excuse us for reminding him
that we do not object to his sugges?
tion that the young ought to be
modest, but rather to his inconsisten?
cy in not altogether following his
own precepts. This defect, however,
wo suppose, longer practico at the
Edgeficld Bar will correct.
At ti meeting of the Colored Demo?
cratic ('lui? of Columbia, on motion
nf William Stowers, it was
Resolved, That in view of the im?
portance of tho impending national
issues before the country, that this
club meet every Thursday night, at
S o'clock, in order to consult, to rc
form our ranks, and take ne.v energy
from our deliberations, so that wo
may (inter into the great campaign
for thc Presidency of the United
States of America, with Ibo ardor
which tho greatness of the issue
Resolved further. That tho names
of thoso of our members who, after
haviug joined our ranks, fell back
into tho ranks of radicalism, bo ex?
punged from our roll; and their
names bo reported to Capt. Stanley,
President of tho District Democratic
Resolved, That wo will welcome
into our ranks any true lover of his
country; but are determined to expel
PAUK EtiMSaxOM, Secretary.
WARLIKE NEWS FROM EUROPE.-A
letter from Athens, just received,
says that tho Greek Governemnt bas
received tho Cretan deputy, thus
virtually recognizing Grote as a part
of tho Greek nation. The writer
says that this ovent is almost certain
to lead to war betweon Turkey and
Greece, to bo followed by a general
war with Pranco, Austria, and Groat
Britain, on thc sido of Turkey.
To the Editor of the Columbia Phoe?
nix : DEAR Sm: Tho recent formation
of foreign immigration societies in
sovoral parts of South Carolina,
proves that our landowners are alive
to tho importance of making private
exertions and sacrifices, with a view
to attract agricultural labor from
abroad into our State. You have
requested mo to state my views with
regard to tho modus operandi which
should bo adopted by theso'socioties,
in ordor to insure tho success of tho
object which they desire to attaiu.
I am willing to do so, although I do
not think that mindi can be accom?
plished until the political affairs of
the South have, in ono way or tho
other, become more settled than they
aro at tho present moment. My re?
marks will bo coufiued to thc intro?
duction of agriculturists from Ger?
many, as my cxperionco does not
extend beyond that county. At tho
same timo, I believo that tho samo
difficulties which we shall meet with
in our endeavors to obtain Gorman
immigrants, will, to a great extent,
have to bo encouuterod iu other
Tho stream of immigration from
tho Germau agricultural districts,
has, for many years, boon steadily
directed towards tho North-west.
Whole communities of Germans have
thero been formed, in which tho
German language contiuuos to be
thc common medium of intercourse,
aud where German manners and
modes of liviug continue, almost
exclusively, to prevail. Nearly every
town and village in Germany has
contributed its quota of men to build
up theso thriving settlements. A
constnnt correspondence with their
relatives and friends, keops thoso
who have, so far, romaiucd at homo
fully informed of tho prospects and
advantages which thu West offers to
tho industrious emigrant, and so, it
is but naturnl that the great majority
of thoso who desire to exchango their
German for an American home, and
aud lnivo tho means of crossing tho
Atlantic with their families, should
join tho friends who have preceded
them and have met with success,
instead of risking their fortune in
comparatively unknown regions,
where their language is not under?
stood, aud where they cannot count
on tho advice or the he![ling baud of
their countrymen. Still, it might bo
expected that, were we to make the
superior aflRintages of climate and
soil which wo eau oller to tho foreign
immigrant sufficiently known in Ger?
many, wc might induce many, who
are not attracted to tho North-west
by tho ties of friendship <>r kindred,
to settle among us. lint here an
almost insurmountable difficulty
insurmountable, at least, for the
present-would oppose our efforts.
Tho prejudices which exist in (Scr
many against the South, both with
regard to thc salubrity <>f its climate
and its social condition, are as deep?
ly rooted as they aro unfounded.
The belief prevails that tho foreigner
falls an easy prey to malignant fevers,
which attack him in every portion of
tho South, aud against which no
prudenco or caution eau protect him;
that tho heat of the climate prevents
tho snccef-i' of white field labor; and,
what is still more absurd, but at the
samo time worse, that the planters of
the South, now that African slavery
bas been abolished, will endeavor to
make the white immigrants slaves,
in the place of tho negro. This
ignorance and distrust of the people
ol' tl or many is purposely and con?
stantly kept alive by the most shame?
less lies, with which tho red Republi?
can correspondents from tho North
nod North-west regale Um dorman
newspapers, while all, with hardly
one exception, ure bitterly hostile to
the South, iind do all in their power
to warn emigrants against directing
t heir steps towards the former slave
States of tho American Union. Du?
ring iny relient residence nt Berlin,
1 had an opportunity of reading nil
the leading dorman papers. Never
have I met with ono kind word for
the South, except in tho conserva?
tive paper of Berlin, which has sym?
pathized with us throughout the war.
Hut often have I b?cil disgusted and
enraged by the infamous slanders
which were uttered against us, and
hythe insulting obstinacy with which
oven 1111:11 belonging to tho so-callod
intellectual classes refused to believe
assertionsjto tho contrary. Nor can
the editors of thu German "liberal"
press bu induced to publish state?
ments contradicting and disproving
tho slanders of their American cor?
respondents. lt is their interest to
praiso tho radical North at tho ex?
penso of tho conservativo South,
bocauso their own policy tends to
social radicalism. They therefore
closo their pupers to Southern com?
munications which might rectify and
remove tho prevailing prejudices.
Under such circumstances, it is, in
my opinion, hopeless to expect that
t ho publication of pamphlets, setting
forth tho advantages which the South
offcr.3 to tho foreign immigrant, or
the labors of traveling agents ami
lecturers in Germany, however ably
and zealously directed and performed,
will produce any beneficial ohange in
the feelings which there prevail
against us, or that we may look for
any immigration, worth talking
about, of those who have property
enough to transport themselves and
families across tho ocean. Wo must,
therefore, direct our attention to a
class who have not the moans of pay?
ing their pnssnge, who aro in a hope?
less state of poverty and dependence,
from which they long to bo rolensed;
and wo munt innko up our minds to
bring them ncroHs ut our expense, ex?
pecting to reimburse ourselves gra?
dually by deductions from the wages
which wo agreo to pay to those whom
wo thus employ.
Two or three years ngo, while I
was living in Germany, a friend in
Charleston, who owns a plantation in
a healthy portion of Christ Church
Parish, requested mo to seo whether
I could not indnco somo German
peasant families to emigrate to South
Carolina, and to sottle on his lauds,
under very liberal conditions. Anx?
ious to sorvo my friend, and feeling
tho importance of directing, if possi?
ble, immigration to this State, I con?
sulted a gentleman, whoso official po?
sition hud made him intimately ac?
quainted with tho condition of that
portion of tho German peasantry who
aro day laborers on tho largo do
maius without owning any land
themselves, and whoso wages are so
low that they aro unable ever to lay
np tho amount necessary to trans?
port them across tho Atlantic. Tin*
advico of this gentleman amounted
to this: That tho planters of our
State should unite in sotting forth
thc conditions of tho contracts which
tboy were willing to cuter into; that
they should get some of the foroign
consuls, for instance, tho Prussian
consul residing in Charleston, to cer?
tify to his belief in the good faith
with which these contracts would be
kept, (because a pledge on the part
of tho State authorities would bo in?
effectual, inasmuch as tho German
people generally know nothing of our
State sovereignty, and believo our
Governor, for instance, to bo an ap?
pointee of the central Government
at Washington,) and that they should
then send au agent across, with
powers, and the necessary passage
money, to eugngo field laborers, un?
der the proposed contracts, and put
them on ship-board at Broinen or
Hamburg. My friend added that if
tho contracts proposed gave to the
emigrant a certain prospect of attain?
ing after some, say ten, years, a
modest independence, in the shape
of a small farm, hundreds could he
obtained in the Duchy of Brunswick,
(where my friend resides,) and two or
three thousand in thc; Grand Duchy
of Mecklenburg, whom tho lower
peasantry are still greatly oppressed.
I believe tho above views to be
substantially correct, and to point
out the only 'practical way in which
larger numbers of Gorman field la?
borers can be obtained. At un ex?
penso of sixty dollars, they eau be
brought from their homes to Charles?
ton; a further expenso of twenty
dollars for the necessary furniture
will settle them in their new homes;
half wages paid during tho first two
years will repay the outlay incurred
by tho employer; and, if the planters
will ouly seo that liberal treatment is
their own interest as well as it is that
of the foreigner whom tho}' employ,
thousands of others will, no doubt,
follow, and will, in the course of
time, build up all over our State set?
tlements like our own Walhalla,
which reflects so much honor on its
founders, and which, by its prosperi?
ty, proves '..hat a thrifty German
population can accomplish in a few
Pursuant to Hie call, tho Richland
Democratic Club assembled last even
The action of the State Central
Executive Committee having been
explained, Mr. Edward Hope offered
tho following resol ul ion, which was
unnui mously ad opt ed :
Kfuthlrmt, That, regarding concert
of ucl ion in thc Democratic party of
this Stale as essential to the best
interests of the people, the Bichland
Democratic Club hereby gives its
sanction to tho action of the Stale
Central Executive Committee in their
conference willi the committee ap?
pointed by Hie recent Convention.
The Club then adjourned.
W. B. STANLEY", Pres't,
J. G. Ginnies, Acting Sec'y.
BEHIND THE SCENES,
OK Pour Veara in Ibo White limine willi
Mrs. Lincoln. 13y Elizabeth Kccklcy,
I modiste. )
Obi Fritz ami the Now KIM. By Miss
Mnblbaeb. S !.::,.
John Mill?n ami his Times. Itv Max
Tim Beading of Charles Dickens, (illus?
England Yeoman bife-from Lin* in Ibo
Nineteenth Century. |jy the Autbor of
...Ministerin;; Children." " ? 1.75.
Tito Book anil its Story for the Youie;.
Uv h. N. lt.
"F.eee Homo." By Bight Hon. \Y. E.
A Fainter's Came in England, Seolland
and boland. $1.50.
Dr. Bel lo wo's Travels in Eurone, in 18CG
And a variety of Novels by popular Eng
lisb authors. For .sale at
June 13 ltKYAN fit McCAHTER'S.
Tho printers acknowledge tho ro
ceipt from the Exchango Restaurant
of a pitcher of flue iced lager beer.
This morning, at ll o'clock, there
will bo served up at tho Exchaugo
green turtle soup-tho best of the
TnountiK IN OiUNOEituita.-We
learn that n body of troops proceed?
ed, yesterday morning, to Orange
burg, to preserve tho peace. It
appears that tho Sheriff of that Dis?
trict having arrested a negro man in
duo course of law, a party of his
color sought to rescue him; where?
upon tho officer of tho law shot down
three of tho rescuing party. This is
the report made to us.
VIEWS OF PROFESSOR SACMTOKUKN
ON IMMIGRATION.-We invite special
attention to tho letter of Professor
Sachtleben, of the South Carolina
University, upon tho subject ho dis?
cusses. Tho experience and ability
of tho Professor entitle his views to
great consideration. These views he
hus set forth at our request.
about ll o'clock, three juvenile
Africans entered thc storo of our
friend, John Oliver, and abstracted
about ?i?5U in money from his drawer.
One or two have been arrested, but,
so fur, nono of thc money hus been
recovered. Our merchants should
keep a sharp look-out on these little
vagrants, for many of them prowl
the streets with no other intention
than to steal when they seo a ehuueo.
DKMOCUATIC GAIN IN SOUTH C.vno
i.iNA.-In tho recent election, in
South Caroliua, sixteen Districts
wero carried by the Democratic con?
servative party, viz.: Abbeville, An?
derson, Chester, Chesterfield, Green?
ville, Horry, Lexington, Laurens,
Lancaster, Marion, Newberry, Oco
nee, Pickens, Spartauburg, Union,
The remaining Districts, fifteen in
number, went radical, sonio by a
This success shows what is possible.
Let men take heart.
THU CIKCUS.-Colonel Ames' mam?
moth pavilion was crowded yester?
day afternoon, and again last night,
by a delighted aud spell-bound audi?
ence. His troupe of good actors and
actresses, well trained horses, rare
collection of animals, &c, make it an
exhibition well worthy of public
patronage. Among the noticeable
features of this exhibition, those ol'
Master Frat)!:, tho juvenile prodigy, 1
the double act, by Messrs. Tibbs and !
Watson, (he Hying trapeze, by Messrs.
Winner and Carr, the somersaulting,
by Watson, and the ground and lofty
tumbling, by this entire troupe, de?
serve especial notice, ami called forth
roundsofapplau.se from tho audience.
Siguorita Ella Eugenio kept the
audience in breathless suspense
during her daring and wonderful
display of her completo control of
the savage animals whose dens she
entered; and Herr Longel proved,
bayoud a doubt, that he was well
entitled to the sobriquet of the "man
of iron nerve." Rut tho exhibi?
tion ought to be seen to be
appreciated. Therefore go early and
secure a seal.
During (he performance, at short
intervals -sutliciently lengthy to al?
low (he risible muscles to resumo
their equilibrium-tho harlequin,
Johnny Lawton, whose equal in buf?
foonery incl never yet appeared in
our city, displayed his witticism by
droll and pointed remarks on matters
ol'local and political interest.
We have, been requested, by Colo?
nel Ames, to state that, in compliance
with the request of several of our
prominent citizens, ho will give ono
of his strictly moral exhibitions this
afternoon-doors open at 1 o'clock,
performance to com moneo at half
past 1, during which Siguorita Ella
Eugenio aud Herr Lcngel will enter
their dons of performing animals.
As the circus performance does not
commence until 3 o'clock, ample
time is given for a thorough inspec?
tion of the animals. Admission 70
cents; children GO couts.
Tim audienco were not able lo per
ceivo tho full splendor of the enter?
tainment last evening, in conse?
quence of some ono having tampered
with the supply of oil. necessitating
the uso of candles. Everything will
be in trim to-night.
Our roaders will Hud ouo of Wil?
cox & Gibbs' sewing machines ou
oxhibition in Stanley's china hall.
Call and examine it.
A Democratic Club has been form
od at Lynohwood, Kershaw District.
Tho Club was eloquently addressed
by our frioud, the true-hearted and
gallant General Kershaw. W^hen the
conservativo Democracy of tun State
is represented by such men as Ker?
shaw, who is no trading politician,
wo havo additioual faith in our suc?
"PERSONAL. "-We notice that tho
Sumter Watchman remarks that
"John P. Thomas, who, by some
means bas become tho month-piece
of tho Democracy," has donoso and
so. As wo aro acquainted intimately
with tho gentleman referred to, we
may bo allowed to say that the
Watchman docs him too much honor.
Tho party referred to, is bis own
"mouth-piece," and decliues to do
the bawling which the position attri?
buted to him would entail. We may
add that ho is not ouly his own
"mouth-pieco" but his own head?
piece, too; aud in this regard, we
might s'?ggcst to tho political satel?
lites of tho day, that it would be
well for thom to imitate his example.
MOHR IMPROVEMENTS.-Wo note
other improvements going on in our
city. Messrs. Thomas & Bell havo
nearly completed, in Cotton Town, a
large brick store for Messrs. Cope?
land Sc Bearden, and a neat cottage
residence for Mr. Bearden. Tho
same contractors will soon undertake
residences for Mr. John Green and
Dr. R. W. Gibbes, which will be
ornaments to tho city. Other im?
provements he.ve been placed in the
hands of the above named parties.
We observe, also, that Mr. John?
son is making an addition to Mr.
Bodoll's handsome store.
Mr. Clark Waring has begun the
repairs on Triuity Church,, And near
tho post office, wo observe that a
handsome cottage has sprung up.
In the meantime, Mr. Dearmau is
looking after the buildings of Messrs.
Eilhardt and Henrichson. Mr. See?
gers is buildiug ucar his brewery,
and minor improvements are going
Nor must we omit to notice the
' repairs on tho new market going on,
under tho efficient direction of Alder?
man Radcliffe, Chairman of tho com?
mittee having the market in charge.
Thus let the good work go on. Lot
Columbia be built up.
MAH, ARRAN-IEMENT.S.-The po*t
olliee open during the week from 8J.J
a. ni. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
.1 to ? ]). m.
Tho Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at-I'.j p. m., and
elose at S'.J p. m. Charleston night
mail open 8}.? a. m., elosc -Ij.i p. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
S1.;' a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
( ireenville-Open for delivery
j p. m., closes at S}.? p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at
iention is called to the following ad?
vertisements, published for the first
time this morning:
Wm. Hood-Tncomo Tax.
Gregg, Palmer Sc Co.-Cow Pea?."
A. S. Wallace-Revenue Sale.
I). C. Peixotto Sc Son-Auction.
Bryan A MeCarter-Now Dooks.
Reports from Lexington indicate
that tho Democrats have carried the
day by about 201) majority.
In York District, the conservatives
carried tho election hy a majority of
al tout 1,050.
COW PEAS! COW PEAS! !
OAA li L'S DLLS CO V> PLAS for sale
f')UU low, by
.hine 12 UREOO, PALMER A CO.
Income Tax on Express, Telegraph
and Railroad Companies.
BY General Orders No. 189, Headquar?
ters Second Military District. Charles?
ton, S. C., December 3, isii7, the following
providions are made, viz:
"From tho receipts of Express or other
Transportation Companied, earned within
thc limits of tho State, ono dollar on every
bundled dollars; and from tho receipts of
Telegraph Companies, earned within tho
limits of the State, two and one-half dol?
lars tm every hundred dollar.-; on the
gross incomes of all Railroads, (not ex?
empted by law,) from earnings within the
State, one dollar on every hundred dollars;
that the tax on Railroad Companies?, Ex?
press Companied and Telegraph Compa
. ;os ?hall be returned to ami paid directly
? the Treasury of tho State; and those
iitrn.4 Miall be made quarterly."
Tho taxed specified above will bo due,
for the second quarter of lHtirt, on the Utah
.JUNK, instant. The proper officers of tho
respective Companied will please keep this
tax in view, and bo prepared to make re?
turn and pa voient thereof at tho time in?
dicated. " WM. HOOD,
Treasurer State South Carolina.
June 1'2 <i