Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, July 7
Tb? Kew Legislature.
The Legislature of tho reconstruc?
tion measuros of Congress, created
and assembled under the military
auspices of Geooral Canby, met in
this city yesterday.
No trite South Carolinian could
visit their place of meeting without
feeling the humiliation of the hour.
As we looked upon the scene, memo?
ries of the past crowded upon our
mind, and the contrast suggested by
the speotaole before us stood out in
bold relief before our mental vision.
The places onco filled by the wisdom,
the substance and the honor of the
State, we found usurped by a motley
crowd of negro men, and whites for
the most part aliens to the State.
Hero and there, only, wus a man
found who truly represented the
white people of tho Stato.
Wo hopo that tho Democratic
members of the Houao and Senate,
though few in number, will do all in
their power to relievo the situation.
Upon these gentlemen rest a heavy
responsibility. Theirs it will bo to
tell to the radicals Bomo unweloomo
truths, to uphold as far as possible
tho interests so inadequately repre?
sented in tho General Assembly, and
to remind this body occasionally that
as their reign will probably bo short,
so it becomes them to bo discreet in
We heard the studied address of
the Speaker elect, and thought how
little the affeotation of magnanimity
and generosity could reliovo ono from
the consequencos of an association
and a policy at variance with thoso
Gen. Cunby issued his orders, re?
cognizing tho election of the Hon.
John H. Heid, Senator; and J. B.
Moore, B. Frank Sloan nnd Dr. John
Wilson, as Representatives from the
County of Anderson. Tho Senate,
very sensibly, upon hearing tho order
read, admitted Mr. Heid as the Sena?
tor-one of the members stating, vory
pertly and correctly, that both
branches of the Legislature were
certainly under military authority un?
til the Legislature adopted tho 14th
amendment to the Constitution. In
the House, however, when Gen.
Cauby's certificate was presented by
Messrs. Moore, Sloan and Wilson,
that body decided that Gen. Canby's
certificate was not prima facie evi?
dence of election, and referred the
credentials to a committee. Little
doubt exists as tu what the report of
thc committee will be. It is the first
instunce, within our knowledge,
where a member of a legislative
body, having a certificate of elec?
tion, and, theroforc, the prima
facie right to a seat in the
organization of a body, has been
denied. Tho Anderson delegation
furnished the body precisely the
same certificato that was furnished by
every other member of tho House.
They wore conservative; and yet,
with this prima facie evideneo of a
right to a seat, rofusod admittance in
the House. Anderson has, thero?
forc, been excluded from any voice
in the selection of Speukcr or other
officers of the House, although their
delegates held tho same certificates
that aro hold by thoso that cxcludod
Tho following extract is taken
from the Columbia correspondence
of tho Charleston Mercury:
"COLUMBIA, S. C., July 4-10 P.
M.-Tho inauguration of tho Gover?
nor is expected on Monday. A num?
ber of citizens, it is understood, will
publish a manifesto, calling upon
tho people of tho State to stand by
tho now State Government. Among
these, I have heard tho names of
Messrs. Jack Caldwoll, J. P. Thomas,
Daniel Miller, of Columbia, aud Mr.
F. W. Dawson, of your city."
So far as this statement refers to
tho undersigned, ho desires to de?
clare that it is wholly unfounded.
J. P. THOMAS.
Trre COTTON TAX.-The oxact
phraseology of tho law repealing tho
cotton tax having become a matter
of dispute, a certified copy of tho
Act has been procured from Wash?
ington by tho Journal of Commerce.
Tho law roads, all cotton grown in
the United State3 after tho year 1867
shall be exempt from internal tax,
and cotton imported from foreign
countries, on and after November 1,
1808, shall bo exempt from duty.
Taxing ir ii 11 eil lutci Bondi.
It will bo seen by the Congressional
proceedings that Mr. Hooper, from
the Committee of Ways and Means
in the House of Representatives, re?
ported a bill taxing the interest on j
United States bonds, and other se?
curities, ten per cent. The commit?
tee, however, in their report, express
their opposition to the bill, which
they intimate smacks of repudiation,
and say they only report it bemuse
directed to do so by the House. The
passago of the resolution by the
House, instructing the committee to
report this bill, may be regarded as
evincing a recognition of thoso mani?
festations of dissatisfaction which
ever result from a violation of the
great principle, no matter what the
pretexts or the purpose, that bur?
thens should be equally borne by all
classes of tho community. There
may, os tho Baltimoro Sun says, be
domagogism in the present proposi?
tion, especially coming from the
sourco it does-a source which lately
gavo utterance to high-sounding
phrases about the preservation of the
faith of Government. Yet there can
be no mistake as to tho feeling of the
mosses of the country in regard to
the injustice which has been done
them in takiug advantage of a state
of war to fasten upon them unequal
burdens, in taxing all labor, and yet
exempting bond-holder3. It does
not follow, however, that there is any
real sentiment in favor of repudia?
tion in the conntry. Tho good sense
of thc American peoplo cannot fail to
discern that restoration of the credit
of tho country depends upon the
preservation of its good faith. That
thc platform of thc Republicans, put
forth at Chicago, is susceptible of
two constructions on tho subject
of thc payment of tho national
debt, thero can be no doubt,
though declaring nt thc same time
that repudiation in any form is
a national crime. How tho burdens
of tho people, in this regard, are to
bo in future properly adjusted nud
equalized, is now not definitely
known, further than that regard for
the obligations of prosent contracts
always insures good credit thereafter,
and surely money may be obtained
on new loans nt much lower rates of
interest, hythe redemption of present
issues os they may mature or become
redeemable, at the option of tho Go?
vernment. As tho first five yeai's
expiro of tho five-twenties, if we
show ourselves prepared to pay them
off, in good faith, lessening the
amount each time, through tho prac?
tice of a proper economy, capital
will bo readily offered at lower rates
to replace such loans as may be then
necessary to tho Government.
The bill for tho discontinuance of
the Freedman's Bureau, which has
been reported back favorably to the
Senate, provides that the Bureau
shull bo withdrawn on the 1st of next
January, from all the Southern
States represented in Congress; the
educational department, however,
to be continued until otherwise
ordered. Thc bill also provides for
thc continuance in office for life of
the present Commissioner, General
O. O. Howard; his place to be filled,
in tho event of his death or resigna?
tion, by appointment of tho Presi?
dent, with the consent of the Senate.
The great German Sch?tzenfest in
New York, now in progress in Jones'
Wood, began on Saturday last, and
will bo kept up the whole of this
week. These great festivals aro a
peculiarity of tho German people.
They gather by thousands and en?
gage in their favorite sports, enjoy
themselves to tho full, without allow?
ing their sociablcness to degenerate
into riot, and disperse in good humor
to moot, again harmoniously. As a
New York cotemporary puts it, ..they
havo compassed tho mystery of get?
ting merry without getting drunk,
aud a free fight is not ono of those
blessings of perfect liberty for which
they are over sighing in philosophy
and song. Tho particular gathering
now takiug placo in. New York is
very interesting. Germans from tho
Fatherland aro there, with Gormans
from nlmost ovory State in tho
Union, to competo for prizes valued
at above $30,0u0. King William of
Prussia has sont, among other ob?
jects to bo contended for, a needle
gun. Tho days aro occupied with
manly sports, and tho evenings aro
devoted to a continuai round of balls,
concerts und suppers. It is such an
affair as not only gives pleasure to
thoso participating in tho festivities,
but also makes New York thoroughly
happy as when a Prince of Wales or
a Chinese embassy is doing it tho
favor to make a temporary halt be?
tween its two rivers."
Flem oes at lo I>ajicr?-No. ?. '
REFLECTION'S ON TUB FOURTH OF JULY,
Among the great secondary causes
that led to the Revolutionary war
was "taxation without representa?
tion." The colonists denied the
right of the British Parliament to
levy taxes upon them without repre?
sentation; and the matter was finally
submitted to the arbitrament of the
sword. The result was that the great
right'for which the colonists contend?
ed was successfully asserted and be
cume a cardinal principle in the free
institutions of this country. Aud
this point was gained, bo lt remem?
bered, by ichite men, for tho benefit of
while men and their descendants. For
this the blood of white mon was shed
freely, and it became tho sacred in?
heritance of them and their children.
We do not say that white mon may
not extend the benefits of their inhe?
ritance to others; but we do affirm,
that it is their blood-bought right to dis?
ip?se of the mattel' at their will and
What now is the stato of affairs,
July 4, 1868? The ancient land?
marks of South Carolina ruthlessly
removed; a Northern man of recent
importation, who pays not a dollar
in the way of taxes, tho Governor of
the State; many of the wisest, best,
wealthiest citizens of the Stnte, and
the sons of the heroes of '76, disfran?
chised; the Legislature of the State
two-thirds negroes, and the majority
of the remaining one-third carpet?
baggers from abroad, and Southern
recreants and demagogues-many of
them worse, more ignorant and more
malicious than their colored friends;
and, furthermore, we have the pros?
pect of being represented in Congress
by Senators and Representatives,
who will be tit exponents of the
electors who shall put thom in office.
Thus the white people of the
State, who comprise almost exclu?
sively the class of tax-payers, are not
represented. Here, on tho 6th of
July, 1868, two days after the 92d
anniversary of Americau liberty, we
have everything mado ready for
iltaxation without representation."
But this is not all. Wo have
"representation without taxation." Of
tho 98 colored legislators, tho tax
collector's books show that 67pay no
taxes nt all, and 97 pay but seventy
cents each; and 4.6 radical whites pay
loss than seven dollars each, 24 pay?
ing no taxes at all.
The lato assessment of real estate
throughout tho State is 870,507,075.
This is the amount of taxable proper?
ty nt the mercy of tho non-tax paying
May Heaven protect the lamb from
tho wolves-or in its good turn grant
that the lamb become a lion, and
thus that the State be saved. GOD
SAVE THE STATE.
And this is enacted in South Caro?
lina-one of "the old thirteen"-of
whom Mr. Bancroft, a Northern his?
torian, has said that she "formed the
Ninety-two years after forming this
Union, under its forms and in its
spirit, the diadem of her glory is
snatched off, the mantlo of her sove?
reignty torn away by alien and de?
generate hands, and her nakedness
exposed to the rude gaze of mocking
But be of good cheer, noble moth?
er ! Your true and faithful sous will
yet rescue you from the spoilers'
hand and clothe you again in your
spotless garments. T.
Last Wednesday afternoon, a num?
ber of raftsmen stopped at Alma,
Iowa, a small town on tho Mississippi
River, and, having drank much
whiskey, demanded more. Fearing
tho consequences, tho saloon keepers
refused to give them any, and, in
their rage, the raftsmen proceeded
to the task of demolishing every
drinking establishment in the place.
This wes soon accomplished, when
they attacked the stores and private
residences, and robbed, beat und
maltreated the inmates. The County
Sheriff and his deputy attempted to
restore order, but some of the rafts?
men drew their revolvers and shot
him and his compnnion dead, and
then fired promiscuously into the
crowd, dangerously wounding a num?
ber of other*. Tho German citizens
at lost constituted themselves into a
vigilance committee sud denned out
It is understood here that Hon.
Charles M. Furmnu and Hon. Henry
Gourdin have gone to England to ne?
gotiate a lonu in behalf of tho South
I Carolina Railroad Company ; or, moro
properly speaking, they have gone
there to effect, if possible, an arrange?
ment with the foreign bondholders to
get their consent to a withdrawal of
tho Stato guarantee, by offering in
lieu a first mortgage on tho road
which is ample security for the
There aro other rumors nflor.t here?
about tho mission of these gentle?
men ; one being to endeavor to raise
a million of dollars for the beuofit of
the planters, to be used as a sort of
Planters' Bank ; another report is
that they have gone as tho commis?
sioned agents of tho State, to borrow
a million of dollars.
[Columbia Correspondence. Mercury.
" ^?OO?X .Ttema.
? Rev. Father Bermingham, who
-inmbor of years had charge of
o- leter's Church, in this city, is on
a visit to Columbia, and will be warm?
ly welcomed by his many old friend.?.
COLORED DEMOCRATIC BARBECUE. -
Pleasant Goode (for the Committee)
reqnests ns to state that a Demo?
cratic barbecuo will be given to-day,
in Latta'8 grove. Their Democratic
friends-white and colored-are in?
vited to attend. Several speakers
will address tho meeting.
Tho days have now commenced
getting shorter and will continue to
do so until the 21st of December.
SOUTHERN CULTIVATOR.-We aro in
receipt of the Juiy number of this
valuable agricultural monthly. It is
well filled with able and interesting
articles, upon every subject connected
with the farm and household. It
should bo in the hands of every
farmer. Published by William Sc W.
L. Jones, Athens, Ga., at $2 a year,
"PLAVINO HORSE."-A gentleman
from the country, who arrived in
Columbia yesterday, reports that ho
saw "Sut Lovengood's Dad" illus?
trated He saw a young white man
attached to a plow, while the father
guided the implemeut. This, wo are
assured, is not an isolated case.
THE Two GOVERNORS.-Gen. R.
K. Scott arrived in Columbia yester?
day afternoon. Ho was received at
tho depot by His Excellency Gov. J.
L. Orr and a number of thc mem?
bers of tho Legislature. A coach
and four was in attendance, and the
two Governors were driven rapidly to
Nickerson's. Gen. Scott will, doubt?
less, take the reins to-day.
Tho abstract of thc proceedings oi
tho Legislature, published to-daj',
shows that Gov. Orr lins been invited
by both houses to send iii a message
to their respective bodies. This will
be done to-day, and to-morrow wt
shall present our readers with this
lengthy and interesting document,
Gen. Scott will be formally inaugu?
rated either to-day or to-morrow.
TUE MONITORS.-Rev. J. L. Rey?
nolds has placed before us two speci?
mens of tho genuine "Monitor" po
tato, grown by himself, which aro t
little ahead of any that wc have ye
seen. One of them-which has five
guns (or projections)-weighs on?
pound and three ounces; while th<
other, which has but a single projec
tion, weighs nearly a pound. Trj
again, gentlemen-tho professor i
THE CELEBRATION IN TUE CITY.
The "FOURTH OF JULY!" What i
host of recollections pass, in rapi<
succession, across our mental vision
as vivid as tho occurrences them
selves ! Ten years ago, with what
fever of excitement thc coming o
the eventful day was anticipated
Every one-from the little urchin t
tho old man bowed and wrinkle
with his weight of years-had some
thing given, in tho former instance
by kind parents, and hoarded wit
great care in the latter, to do bono
to our natal day. All were happj
for that day at least, and good-wi
towards their fellow-men was in
printed on tho faces c
America's - Freedom's-sous
But, alas ! this and all othc
land marks wero soon forgotten i
the desolating war wdiich swept ov(
C T country for five long years, an
t i1 J Fourth of July was a thing of tl
past. Now, however, peace has bec
restored, and old heritages aro bein
reclaimed. As to Columbia, thc da
was ushered in by the ringing of tl
city bell, followed by tho Intermiui
blc cracker and pistol firing. At 1
o'clock, a national salute was fired c
the University green, by the soldie:
belonging to the garrison. At 1
o'clock at night, tho city was pe
fectly quiet, little folks and big one
apparently, being completely "playt
Tho Republicans had a turu-ou
Several of the societies-few in nun
hers to what they were a year ago
formed a procession, and headed I
a drum and fife, marched to Latta
Grove. Mr. Wigg (tho Proba
Judge) presided. Tho D?clarai ic
of Independence was read, ai
speeches delivered by Dr. A. (
Mackey, (candidate for the Unit*
States Senate;) W. J. Whipper,
Beverly Nash, J. B. Adams, A. J.
Rnnsier, F. L. Cardoza and Treasurer
N. G. Parker. Although the crowd
was very demonstrative, the whole
affair, wo believe, passed off very
well, with but one exception-one
freedman cut another severely in the
back with a knife.
The twentieth anniversary celebra?
tion of the Marion Street Sunday
School, was held in the church of that
name. By 9 o'clock, iiie hour at
which the services commenced, the
building was filled to its utmost
capacity. The church was tastefully
decorated with evergreens, and au
immense arch, with tho words,
"Know thou the God of thy Fathers,"
spanned the pulpit. Bev. J. L.
Dixon opened the proceedings with a
fervent prayer, when a beautiful ode,
"Happy meet we here," written for
the occasion, was sung by the choir;
followed by dialogues and recitations,
participated in by thirty-four of the
scholars, as follows: Masters R. At?
kinson, John Walton, M. Kirk, W.
McFeat, W. M. Morton, C. B. Bra?
dy, James G. Beard, M. Broughton,
R. W. Stubbs, W. North, F. Capers,
P. Beard, J. E. Beard, J. R. Thack
am, C. Nipper, James Ogilvie, H. A.
Browne, John Elkins, Jr., W. La
Motte, and Misses Carrie Purse, C.
Kirk, M. A. North, Mary Brady, A.
Wightman, M. O'Neale, S. Patton,
E. Hunter, M. Anderson, M. La
Motte, C. Atkinson, G. O'Neale. So
far as the children were concerned,
we will only say that some of the
recitations were very good, others
passable, and but one or two that
were below what might be termed
the average. Duo allowance must be
made, however, as many of them
never before faced an audience. The
deceased superintendent, Rev. F. W.
Pape, was kindly remembered by his
little flock, and a feeling address by
young Atkinson drew tears from
many. Several odes were interspersed
with the recitations. Rev. S. Leard,
a favorite with the children, delivered
au interesting address, taking as his
text David's advice to Solomon,
"Know thou the God of thy fathers."
This interesting exhibition was closed
by singing tho beautiful hymn:
"Shall we meet beyond tho siver,
Whero the surges cease to roll,
Whore, in all tho bright forever,
Sorrow ne'er shall press the soul?"
And tho Rev. S. Browne dismissed
the audience with the benediction.
THE BAEBECCE AND PIC-NIC AI
' BATESVIELEE-For a week-aye, two
weeks previous to Saturday-the
absorbing topic was the celebration
of the Fourth at Batesville. Though
there were other pic-nics and barbe?
cues, they were but lesser lights in
comparison. "Batesville!" was the
cry; and to Batesville everybody whe
possibly conld, went. Tho cars foi
the party, eleven in number, were
well, we intended to say filled, bul
the expression will convey no aecu
rate idea-they were wedged witt
passengers. From tho time of start
ing to the arrival at tho end of thc
route, the conversation was filleci
with sparkling wit and repartee, and
many a hearty laugh was indulged ir
at the expense of some luckless wigh:
who unwarily gave rise to it by som?
queer remark. On the approach tc
the terminus, the depot was seen t<
be crowded with tho citizens of Lex
ington, Edgefield and other Districts
and tho shouts and cheers whicl
went up out of the multitude wen
certainly suggestive of friendship, i
not of decorum.
Among the passengers, we wen
pleased to see our confreres of tin
Charleston Baily JVcics, Cnptnii
Dawson and our old habitue, Feli:
DeFoutaiuo-tho last named so lonj
known ns "Personne," the war cor
respondent from tho army of Virginii
to tho columns of tho Charlestoi
Courier, and afterwards editor of th?
unfortunate Columbia South Caro
linian. These gentlemen appeared tc
enter into tho spirit of tho occasion,
and the Captain, on our return, ex
pressed himself delighted with thc
manner in which the day had beet
passed. Wo were glad to hear this,
and hope ho is convinced, ero thia,
that Columbia and its surroundini
country is quite as healthy as Charles
ton. and that ho will, therefore, lei
us remain in undisturbed possession
of our Corps L?gislatif-that being
his plea for its removal to the metro^
After disembarking at Batesville,
the party proceeded to the Compa
ny'a depot, where the country girls
and boys were having a real country
dance, the musio being doled out,
from a three-stringed fiddle, by an
improvised musician, seated ou a
pile, composed of three or four boxes
and a nail keg. The dancing was
soon made more lively, on the ap?
pearance of the redoubtable "Jim,-"
accompanied by tho whole of his
well-known band. Quadrilles were
followed by waltzes; they by other
dauces, and so on, ad infinitum. But
the chief feature of tho ball-room
was the dancing of the "Highland
Fling," by a young gentleman of
this city. He was the observed of
all observers, and every one gazed on
in silence until ita completion, when
he was loudly encored.
Dnriug the day, a speech was made
by Colonel William Johnson, on mat?
ters connected with the road. After
diuuer, Captain Dawson, Mr. De
Fontaine, and several others, made a
few remarks. Pleasant Goode and
William Storrs (colored) were called
on, and gave some plain and whole?
some advice to the colored men pre?
Thc dinner was a success, in the
full meaning of the word, The
tables covered the space of over an
acre, aud wore lined with tempting
viands. Preparations were made for
2,000 persons. This, one ,. would
think, was indeed a large supply,
but there were fully 2,500 on the
ground. Mauy of them carried eat?
ables with them, and did not tax the
tables. There was, also, au enor?
mous barbecue, consisting of pigs
and sheep, to which ample justice t
Everything passed off without the
disturbances usual on such occasions;
and. on our way back, we witnessed
many a tender parting between the
pretty little country lasses and our
own gay boys, which may, in time,
load to the altar those who, but for
this frolic, would have been strangers
to the end of time.
The hospitality of our country
friends will never be forgotten. And
we will conclude by saying that, if
every Fourth of July is to be as
pleasant as the last, we wish every
day was a Fourth.
MALI, ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8}?
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
?? to 5 p. m.
The Charleston aud Western mails
are open for delivery at 4,'.< p. m., and
close at 8)4 P- m. Charleston night
mail open Sj J a. m., close ?j? P? m
Northern-Open for delivery at
8l.i a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery 5}.<
p. m., closes at 8}< p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at]
teutiou is called to the following ad?
vertisements, published for the first
time this morning:
True Brotherhood Lodge.
Palmetto Fire Engine Company.
Jacob Levin-Gas notice.
C. Bouknight-Charlotte Road.
J. H. & S. Reynolds-School.
HiTTixa THE MAKE.-In the late
Irish Church debate, in the House of
Lords, the Bishop of Oxford hit the
mark wheu he said this measure
would not pacify the Irish people,
who wanted nothing less than sepa?
ration from England. That is it
exactly. And why shouldn't they?
Being Irishmen, and not English?
men, it is about as natural a thing os
can be imagined that they should
want Ireland for the Irish. Every
nation desires, above all things, to
preserve its independence, or reclaim
it if lost. Seven centuries have not
extinguished that ineradicable senti?
ment of human nature in Ireland.
It bids fair to last foerver. Very like?
ly England cauuot afford to give up
Ireland, and might being the only
rule of right recognized among na?
tions, Ireland will have to submit till
the opportunity comes. But no such
sop to Cerberus as tho Irish Church
bill is ever going to entirely pacify
UNT?ED STATES SENATOR FROM
SOUTH CAROLINA.-Tho Greenville
Enterprise says: "It seems generally
conceded that Mr. Mackej', the
President of tho late Convention, is
to bo chosen as oue of the Senators.
It appears to be an opinion with
many that Gov. Orr may be selected
as the other. If the Legislature
makes this selection, they will have
a more able Senator than any other
reconstructed State, and a mau equal
to the foremost of any State in
mental power and political engucity."
The Legislature of Louisiana, as
officially announced by General Bu?
chanan, stands twenty Republicans
to sixteen Democrats in tho Senate,
and fifty-six Republicans to forty-five
I Democrats in the House.