Tuesday Morning, July 14,
Northern Settlers tn tn? Soutn.
An immense territory, stretching
from the Potomac to the Rio
Grande, remains uncultivated, and
yet nourisher* within its ' bosom
wealth ample enough to absorb the
energies .of a million of hardy labor?
ers. Onr nnonltivated aores are the
only sooroe of wealth remaining to
thia! prostrate and helpless seotion.
Property of overy other description
baja shared the fate of the conquered.
With mines of unexplored wealth
concealed at our very feet, and need?
ing only the vigorous pick and axe
of muscular power to utilize their
fabulous treasure, our people-the
very owners of these vast acres-are
the most helpless upon which the
sun of day ever scattered its glad?
some beams. "Tieft to ourselves
with no aid from tire outside world,
anil' rio accessions to our popula
tion. from : foreign climes-we are
uUerJt/ liind ffffeWc ba?UYupt. . We
have not, within Ourselves, tho es
sefitiaT mean's wherewith to recupe?
rate V?pr, rnal?riai^strength, 5and ren?
der-available, the only prosperity
left to ns by the ravages of war. We
have land; that is all we can furnish
iq. the resuscitation of our helpless
seotion. The labor is in our midst,
and can bo rendered tributary to our
purposes'jta?t'so soon aa the novel?
ties of tho hour hrivo subsided, and
it can" boTOrga?ized and reduced to
system.1 Ou?'gTe?t desider?tum is
stnall /armers, themselves willing to
work, possesed of a small capital. This
need im plies the necessity of small
farms. Land owners may as well recog?
nise this necessity, and act upon it at
once. With the division of our ex?
tensive possessions into small farms,
ranging from 100 to 500 acres each,
one of the greatest impediments to a
return of prosperity will be removed.
We have, as the Petersburg Express
forcibly, says, plenty of labor in our
midst :to successfully work these small
farms. But that labor cannot bo
used to advantage, unless under tho
guido of a laborious husbandman,
who, while he directs in person his
underlings, himself leads the way and
rivals the most active in tho energy
with whioh he handles the plough
and scythe. Nor is this nil tho emi?
grant-farmer requires to conquer
success. He must havo capital with
which to commence and carry for?
ward his operations for at least
twelve months. Houses must bo
erected-fertilizers, stock and uten?
sils purchased-lnboriug help em?
ployed-and means adequate to thc
procuring the necessaries of lifo until
the growing crop is gathered into
tho garner. Td such a map, BO
situated, willing to work, the South
throws wide open her doors and offers
a suro and certain road to wealth.
But we are frequently asked: "What
kind of a reception will you South?
ern people give settlers from tho
North who- may desiro. to locate
amongst you." We will answer tho
question with tho utmost frankness
and candor. It is nu important
matter to the South, and wo desiro
' that tho world should fully under?
stand our position. We havo no
word of welcomo for ignorant, un?
principled, broken-down political
harlots, who, living to no end at
homo, save in infamous obscurity,
como amongst us, contributing
nothing to our strongth, but de?
voting thoir low cunning to the fer?
mentation of strife, and having no
object beyond the emoluments of
oflice. For such cumbrous, unpro?
ductive, festering creatures, wo have
neither place nor patience. Towards
such, wc can searco exercise a single
element of Christian toleration, l>ut
towards tho honest, sturdy yeomanry
of tho North, wo entertain feelings
altogether different. Wo hnil with
delight overy nunouueument of their
coming. It is immaterial to us what
may bo tho man's political affilia?
tions. AU wo desiro to know of a
stranger is tho object of his coming.
If ho comes to seek an honest living
-to givo to thc South his muscio and
his menus-to assist in resuscitating
our depleted section, and in return to
draw treasuro for himself and little
ones from our prolific and unde?
veloped mother; if such be his object,
we aro tho fu .ii to proffer a "Cod
speed" to his labors. We care not
how ho votes- of this, however, wo
arc assured, that haying made him
ueif ono of us, his interest will be
common with ours, and his vote,
therefore, affords no ground for dan?
ger. But woro this not tho case, it
j would not affect our position. We
j rejoice at every accession to our popu?
lation of honest, intelligent, indus?
trious men. We welcome them as
co-laborers, in the great work of re?
building the South. We have ample
room for their utmost energy-a
hearty welcome and a generous'
friendship. We welcome' "Northern
settlers to our midsts upon terms
identical with those vouchsafed
Southerners who sojourn in .their
RATIFICATION OP THB ?EMOCBATIO
According to announcement in the
Phonix, a mooting of the Richland
Democratic Club was held yesterday,
at 12 o'clock/ in Carolina Hall.
About 200 members were present.
Hon. Joseph Daniel Pope was called
to preside-the President being ab?
sent; andB. O'Neale, Esq., took his
seat as Secretary.
Col. L. P. Miller moved to adjuurn;
giving as a reason, that bc thought
it essential, as the delegates to tho
New York Convention froni this Dis?
trict had not yet returned, and he
thought it important that a report
from said delegates should be sub?
Hon. James D. Tradewell moved
to lay the motion on the tablo tem?
porarily, and assigned his reasons
for so doing. Ho stated that hereto
I foro bc had not taken any interest in
the Democratic movement at the
South, and had refused to sign the
roll of tho Bichland Democratic
Club, simply because ho felt bound
hand and foot, mind and body-the
veriest slave. But tho noble pro?
clamation of Prcsidont Johnson made
him a froo mau, and ho now joined
tho party willingly, and would use
his utmost endeavors to keep the
ball in motion.
A motion to lay tho resolution to
adjourn on the tablo was then oarried
The following letter from Col. J.
P. Thomas was then read:
COLUMBIA, S. C., July 12, 1868.
7b tho Chairman of Meelina.
DBAS SIB: AS an engagement in
Greenville will not allow me to bo
with my fellow-citizens at the Demo?
cratic meeting to-morrow, I ask the
privilege, in this way, to submit my
views. Tho meeting will, no doubt,
cordially endorse the nominees and
tho principles of tho late Conven?
tion, aud I need htvrdly add, that for
ono, I am rendy to pledge my most
earnest efforts and best energies in
behalf of our Democratic cause.
Thc Hon. Horatio Seymour and
General Blair, as bold and able
statesmen, are worthy of tho post as?
signed to them, aud tho declaration
of principles adopted by tho Con?
vention is all that wo could desire
and expect. In fact, we need DO
higher evidence of the fitness of tho
nominees, and tho acceptability of
the platform agreed upon, than the
fact they were adopted by a Conven?
tion composed of delegates from
every State and Territory in tho
Let us hopo that the Democratic
party of South Carolina, from tho
mountains to tho seaboard, will now
go bravely and earnestly to work.
Denying tho just rights and claims of
no class iu tho State, let us, in thc
spirit of tho great party to which wo
belong, seo to it that tho imperilled
interests of tho whito race aro pre
Pormit mo to present the enclosed
resolutions, which I hope may bo
considered in connection with others
that may be submitted.
J. P. THOMAS.
Whereas, thu Na'ronal Democratic
party of tho Union, in convention
assembled, have nominated the Hon.
Horatio Seymour, of Now York, for
tho Presidency, and Gen. Francis P.
Blair, of Missouri, for vice-Presi?
dent, and have adopted a declaration
of principles; bo it, thcreforo,
Resolved, That tho Democratic
party of Richland District do hereby
cordially ratify tho uction of tho
said Convention, and pledge their
most strenuous efforts in behalf thc
Resolved, That wo invito our fel?
low-citizens throughout tho State,
including all tho conservativo ele?
ments withiu its borders, to unite
with us iu tho present struggle to
savo thc country and rodeem our
Resolved, That tho dignified and
unobtrusive course pursued by our
delegates, in the recent Convention,
meets with onr approval, and that wo
extend to them our acknowledgments
for tho acceptable manner in which
they discharged their delicate trust.
Resolved, That, these proceedings
be published in tho Phonix, and that
ir in wmttim*wiiW?c?m IJI .~-- ?
the Democratic papers of tho Stato
bo requested to copy them.
Dr. Reynolds deemed it unneces?
sary to wait for the return of the
New York delegation. A very full
and highly respectable meeting was
then assembled, and, ii there was nc
objection to the norn;nation, this
mooting could proceed U> ratify, no
then moved the appointment of a
committee for the purpose of draft?
ing a series of resolution for present?
ation at once.
Major Meigban thought the reso?
lutions of Colonel Thomas covered
Mr. Fielding proceeded to discuss
tho matter, but was called to order
by Captain Tradewell, when Mr.
Fiokling introduced tho following
resolution, which was unanimously
Resolved, That our delegates to the
late Democratic Convention, in New
York, have acted in a manner which
meets with our hearty approbation,
and that they bo invited to address
the Bichland Democratic Club, at as
carly a day as will bo convenient,
afto heir arrival.
Ai anning debate ensued, partici?
pated in by several members.
Dr. Gibbes offered the following
resolution, which was adopted:
Resolved, That this meeting givo
its hearty and unanimous accord to
the nominations of Seymour and
Blair for President and vice-Presi?
dent of the United States, made by
the Democratic Convention lately as?
sembled iu Now York.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
Correspondence of tho Phoenix.
I CLEVELAND MINERAL SPRINGS,
NEAR SHELBY, N. C., July 10.
MR. EDITOR: Theso springs havo
been long and favorably known to
tho public; but until recently tho ac?
commodations were not such as to
attract a great many visitors. The
present proprietors have, however,
greatly improved the place in every
respect; and thero is no watering
placo in thc Southern States that
offers greater attractions, both to the
invalid and tho pleasure-seeker, than
this. Tho grounds have been taste?
fully laid out; a fine brick edifico
occupies the site of tho old building;
fencing and out-buildings bavo been
built anew; a bath house of ample
dimensions hos been erected, where
hot and cold baths of sulphur water
are furnished at all hours; and last,
but not least, a bowling alley offers
its attractions to the lovers of that
sport. Tho chambers in tho hotel
ore commodious and well ventilated;
parlors and dining room large and
well furnished, and tho whole build?
ing admirably arranged for tho com?
fort and convenience of guests. Tho
table is supplied with everything
that can tempt tho appetite; tho pro?
prietors are untiring in their efforts
to promote the comfort of their
guests; and altogether, tho place
offers inducements superior to thoso
of any other in tho Southern coun?
try. Thero aro thrco springs on tho
premises, within a few steps of each
other-a Bed Sulphur, White Sul?
phur and Chalybeate. Complete
analysis of the water of theso springs
have not yet been made; but it is
known that tho waters of tho Red
Sulphur contain, in addition to
other properties, alum and iodine in
combination, which is said to give
thom unusual medicinal virtues.
Company is beginning to arrive
rapidly; and your correspondent can
say with confidence, that in point of
climate, social enjoyment and health,
no more pleasant placo can bo found
in our country, than Cleveland Min?
eral Springs. X.
Political Parties-A Correction.
The able and well-informed Colum?
bia correspondent of the New York
Thero has been so much misrepre?
sentation upon tho two political par?
ties of this State, that I deem it best
to say a word upon them.
First. Tho Republican parly is,
substantially, that of thc North,
except that it is severer in its claims.
This severity arises, no doubt, half
from tho opposition mot, and half
from the character of the lenders of
thc party itself. In this severity,
tho party corresponds very nearly
with tho radical branch of tho Re?
publican party. It is fair, then,
to designate it os tho radical, rather
than tho Republican party; and, in
this State, it has super-added the
essential fen turo of being the black
man's party almost exclusively, and,
in that, far too clearly and bitterly
antagonistic to tho white man's
party. Tho distinction of race,
accordingly, is almost that of party.
Tho number of whites among tho
radicals is, however, far less than
that of blacks among tho Democrats.
Second. Tho,Democratic party is,
substantially, identical with that
party North; but, of late, tho
Charleston newspapers-of these,
especially, tho Mercury-bavo given
forth nu erroneous notion of tho
holdings of tho Democratic party in
this State upon tho matter of quali?
fied suffrage to the negro, and have
thus misled all who depend exclu?
sively upon tho Charleston press for
political views, and especially many
at tho North. A few words upon tho
two Democratic Conventions (of
i'i.'S*??,, vt jr:**tt>
April and of Jane) will tend to Bet
this matter in its proper light. The
April Convention declared itself in
favor of recognizing the negro aa an
integral element of the body politic,
and still farther declared its willing
noss, as soon as the whites havo tho |
power, to grant him the right o? sui
iruge, under proper qualifications,
as to property and intelligence.
This position found favor with that
Convention; and, had it been sub?
mitted to the vote of the whites of
the State at large, I am perfectly
satisfied that seven-eighths of them
?wonld have sustained it. The North
approved it, and hailed it as evi?
dence that thero was yet common
sense lingering in the South. Tho
Times took occasion to commend
the step, and, but a week or two
ago, recurred to the matter as one
that "seemed a sensible and timely ]
recognition of a public necessity."
I have no hesitation in declaring
that it was tho sentiment of the
people of South Carolina, and is the
sentiment to-day. The issue taken
with this position was by a faction of
Charleston malcontents, under the
lead of the Mercury newspaper,
which is not and never has been in
harmony with public opinion in
South Carolina, and ?R the mouth?
piece of tho extremists, fire-eaters
and malcontents in general. Under
this lead, and through these mo?
tives, the Charleston faction succeed?
ed in drumming up the June Con?
vention (so-called)-a meeting of
delegates from eleven Districts (thir?
ty-one Districts make tho State,)
from several of which only one dele?
gate attended, nud numbers of these
declared themselves as present, not
to sustain tho faction, but to pre?
vent a rupture. The April Conven?
tion consisted of delegates from
twenty-four Districts. It will be
apparent that foar Districts were
represented in both Conventions,
but these- four wore tho harmonizers,
those who came to prevent a split in
the party, so that the June Conven?
tion consisted of delegates from
seven Districts, while the April Con?
vention consisted of delegates from
twenty-four-more than three times
os many. The Juno Convention was
called manifestly for the purpose of
reversing, if possible, the liberal and
progressive position taken by the
April Convention. It failed to do so.
This "June Convention appointed a
committee to confer with the Execu?
tive Committee of the April Conven?
tion; and it is the result of that con?
ference that has been so industrious?
ly misrepresented- by tho organs of
the Charleston faction. These organs
misrepresent the result of this con?
ference, claiming that the Executive
Committee of the April Convention
agreed to abandon the pledge given
to tho negro, that he should have, as
soon as they had tho power to give it
to him, a qualified suffrage. This is
in toto untrue. In the first place, the
Executive Committee of the April
Convention had no power or authori?
ty, even if they were willing to do
so, to abandon that pl?dgo of their
Convention. In tho second place,
tho two committees agreed for them?
selves-and this is the point that has
so industriously distorted-that,
while their individual views upon the
question Of negro suffrage might or
might not differ, tho wholo question
of suffrage was not properly before
them at all-was not yet mature for
discussion-was not an element in
the issues heioro tho party at large.
Tho Juno Convention at once re?
asserted this ground in a resolution
offered by Gen. Gary:
Resolved, That all questions relat?
ing to suffrage shall be considered as
in abeyance, to be at somo futuro
time discussed and determined upon
in full Convention of the Democratic
party of this State.
It was well known that the majori?
ty of Districts in this very Conven?
tion, wero in favor of qualified suf?
frage. Somo of tho ofHoers are de?
clared to that view; and ono of its
Secretaries has published a card so
announcing for himself. At that
time, iu every District in the State,
Democratic Clnbs had been formed
upon the pledgo of tho April Con?
vention; and in most of theso, ne?
groes had been received in member?
ship. There is no desire on the part
of the masses of our whites to with?
hold qualified suffrage from the ne?
gro; und whenever tho question
comes before them, seven-eighths of
I the Democrats-of tho whito mee,
that is to say-will vote for qualified
suffrage. The faction of Charleston
is not the party of South Carolina.
PROTECTIONIST TllICKEllY.-One of
tho most transparent of the political
humbugs of tho day is tho forward?
ing of petitions to Congress, nume?
rously sigued by laborers employed
in manufacturing districts, praying
for such increaso of protective duties
us will revivo manufactures and re?
store prosperity to tho country. Thia
is called a prayer of American work?
ing men for tho protection of Amori
can industry. It is perfectly well
known that theso petitions aro gotten
up by. tho employers, and that tho
working man who should refuso to
sign would do it with tho peril of
dismissal before his eyes.
MAXIMJMAN.-Tho anniversary of
tho executions at Quere taro, Mexico,
was celebrated at tho Mexican capital
by solemn requiem masses. The at?
tendance was immense.
iv.?. . . -^^j.U'^-^a,..
Tile Democratic Nominees.
NV o condense, from our exchanges,
the following sketches of the Demo?
cratic nominees-Horatio Seymour,
of Now York, and General Frank P.'
Blair, of Missouri :
Mr. Seymour was nominated on
the twenty-second ballot. The Con?
vention persisted in casting its vote
for him, although he positively de?
clined the nominaliou while the vot?
ing was going on. The more he
objected, the more the States seemed
inclined to press their votes for him,
until he became the unanimous
nominee of the Convention, in spite
of his opposition. Of course, there
was no standing against this expres?
sion of that sovereign will repre?
sented by the members of the Con?
vention, and Mr. Seymour was com?
pelled to nncept the situation. Mr.
Seymour had, before the Convention
met, positively forbidden the use of
his name by tho New York delega?
tion, and went so far as to declare
that it would not be honorable in
him to allow it to bc used. NVhat
ever may bavo been tho motive of
his delicacy of feeling, the forcing
thu nomination upon him iu a man?
ner so determined aud unanimous,
relieves him from all blame that he
could possibly bavo incurred under
Horatio Seymour was born in
Pompey, Onondaga County, Now
York, in 1811. He commencod, at
au early age, tho practice of law, in
tho city of Utica, and, at the age of
thirty, though au active Democrat
from youth, was chosen Mayor of
that "Whig city-an illustration of
the personal popularity which he
has always possessed, in a remarka?
ble degree, among those who knew
him. Hu bus lilied no station in thc
Federal councils, but has been a
member of the State Legislature und
twice Governor of New York. He
was elected to the latter office first in
1852, aud thc second time iu 18G2.
He has been, for many years, ono of
tho most prominent of tho Stato
politicians, and one of tho most pow?
erful and influential public debaters
of his day. In tho solidity and
clearness of his intellect, ho comes
next to Silas Wright, the giant of
other days, than perhaps any other
man in New York. His adversaries
dread his power of argument. Ho is
one of the ablest expounders of our
constitutional form of government,
and one of its most devoted defend?
ers ia tho Union. Prescuted to the
nation from tho powerful Stato of
New York, with its 50,000 Demo?
cratic majority, this able man should
carry with him a great moral force
into the other States, and secure, the
harmonious and enthusiastic support
of the conservatives and Democrats
of the Union. The great object is to
bring back the Government to tho
constitutional limitations, and place
the States and citizens onco more
under the protection of the Constitu?
General Francis P. Blair, a lawyer
and mao of ability, was a member of
Congress when the war broke out, but
left his position to take a command in
the Federal army. After tho war, he
took the conservative side in favor
of the immediate restoration of the
Son thorn States to the Union and a
liberal and generous policy towards
the South. General Blair, holding
retroactive and proscriptive test oaths
for voters to be unconstitutional,
refused to tako the test oath imposed
by the fanatical Missouri State Go?
vernment, and he made an appeal to
the Supreme Court in that case,
which has not yet been decided. He
is a man of strong political convic?
tions and undoubted firmness of
He is a son of Francis P. Blair, sr.,
years ago the distinguished editor ol
tho Globe, tho organ of General
Jackson's administration. Tho elder
Blair was in his day one of the keen?
est and most sagacious politicians in
tho Union, and his Globe was the
most efficient party organ ever pub?
lished in Washington. General
Blair has much of that fore-caste and
practical judgment for which hit
father was so remarkable, and is a
bold aud able political strategist
ono who will never lose anything
j from delay or timidity, and who will
I never fail to win where; promptness
1 ami boldness can achieve success.
Tho ticket thus formed, resting on
ono hand upon the Empire State,
and on the other upon tho teeming
soil of the fairest State of the grand
Mississippi valley, ought to be re
I ceivod with tho greatest favor ami
confidence, lt needs but a union ol
j tho great masses who are tired ol
i war, and of strife, and of usurpation
i and outrage, and anxious to reston
sectional harmony and equality auc
prosperity to tho whole nation, tt
achieve for it a great and glorious
-1 ? ? ?
Tho English people are laughing
over tho red-tapeism of tho ecclosias
tical branch of tho Government
They bavo never yet been nble tt
thank God for tho preservation ol
Prince Alfred, in consequence of no
having received the proper lega
authorization. This is almost as bat
as the official routiuo of the Havant
Firo Department. The engines or?
only allowed to be taken out by i
written authority, signed by two o:
three officials, all of whom mus
visit the fire previously, in order t<
judge whether such a course i
A spectacled social-equality-ite
'ran against a snag," yesterday, in
tho shapo of a doable-fisted colored
man, who gave him a "beaut i Jil
cursing." The white threatened pis?
tol; when the black intimated that
he could pistol also; when tho very
plucky white evaporated.
THE LEGISLATURE.-r-The proceed?
ings in this body, yesterday, wero
with one exception ?tt?rly devoid of
interest. The' resolutions offered hy
J. J. Wright, in the Senate, last
week, proposing to petition Congress
for the removal of the political dis?
abilities ?f all the people of this
State, were taken from the table,
(where they had been ordered to lie,)
and roferred to a special committee,
consisting of Whittomore, Jilson,
Cain, Allen and Buck.
The election of United States
Senators takes place to-day. The
contest among the aspirants is very
exciting, and up to this time, pro?
mises to result in the choice of F. A.
Sawyer and T. JV Robertson.
It is said that Messrs. N. G. Par?
ker, State Treasurer; Neagle, Comp?
troller-General; Chamberlain, Attor?
ney-General, and Catfdoza, Secretary
of State, having, filed, their bonds
and received their commissions,
have entered upon the discharge of
the duties of their respective offices.
An exchange snys there is no need
of buying umbrellas. They can
easily bo procured without, thusly:
Take your stand in a door-way on a
rainy day; as soon as you see a man
with a nico umbrella, step up, and
say to him: "Sir, I beg your pardon,
but you have my umbrella." Nine
times in ten, he will surrender it, for
how does ho know that it was not
you that he stole it from !
MOSQUITOES.-These little plagues
aro now becoming quite furious in
their assaults on mankind. We
think, therefore, that we will repress
many bad adjectives, and deserve
well of our fellow-sufferors, by pub?
lishing the following simple means of
driving them from the room:
"Take of gum camphor, a piece
about one-third the size of nn egg,
and evaporate it by placing it in a
tin vessel, and holding it over a lamp
or candle, taking care that it does
not ignite The smoke will soon fill
tho room and expel the mosquitoes."
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from S}.?
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
.1 to 5 p. m.
Tho Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 4f.< p. m., and
close at S'.< p. m. Charleston night
mail open 8)^ a. m., close 4>? p. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
8>o a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.' *
Greonville-Open for deliver 5}.?
p. m., closes at 8>? p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at
tention is called to "the following ad?
vertisements, published for the first
time this morning:
Fisher & Lowrance-Biscuits.
W. Maller--Boarding School.
D. O. Peixotto <fe Son-Auctions.
A. H. Monteith-Assignee's Sale.
Gold Ring Lost.
Fisher & Heiniteh-Fruit Jars.
J. S. Hanahan & Co.-Dissolution.
GRAND DEMOCRATIA RATIFICATION
MEETING IM AUGUSTA.-The grand
demonstration of tho people of Rich?
mond County, which took place in
Augusta, on Friday night, surpassed,
in nil its features, the expectations of
its most sanguine originators'. At 10
o'clock, Friday morning, the com-.,
mittees were appointed, and thc un?
exampled success and brilliancy- of
the whole affair attests thc zeal and
industry with which they performed
tho duties assigned them. Au im?
mense procession was formed, and
after marching through the principal
streets, massed in front of Clara
Hall, where stirring speeches were
delivered by Gen. M. C. Butlor, of
South Carolina, Messrs. Laddertedt
and Ells. A great many buildings
on tho lino of march were brilliantly
illuminated. Ino cannon which was
fired during the progress of tho de?
monstration, was one which was cap .
turi tl from the British during the
war for independence. For years it
bas served as a "corner post" in the
First Ward, abd was resurrected for
the occasion, and put in order.
The height of impudence is stated
to be, taking shelter from tho rain
in au umbrella shop.
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